Global Fish & Seafood Industry
The world seafood market (which is one large segment of the food industry), which encompasses fresh, canned and frozen seafood products, is expected to excess $370 billion by 2015, according to Global Industry Analysts. It is predicted the market will be fuelled by a rising global population, increased discretionary incomes, and technological advances such as packaging and improved transportation. Demand will be particularly strong in developing regions including Latin America and Asia-Pacific. The overall market for aquaculture and fisheries is predicted to exceed 135 million tons by 2015, reports Global Industry Analysts.
Other factors driving the market include a growing trend towards healthy eating. Thanks to the high protein content of fish, it is becoming an ever-more popular choice for health conscious consumers wishing to avoid the health drawbacks of meat. The number of specialty fish stores and restaurants are on the rise, and there is greater spending on research and development, which has also been boosting overall salmon consumption. The industry is hampered somewhat by environmental hazards and biological risks.
Though the industry is beginning to recover following the financial crisis, it has not been left unscathed, as many consumers cutting back on luxury expenses steered away from fish during the crisis. Species particularly affected included shrimp and oyster varieties.
Carp, shrimp and salmon are the main fish species in today’s production of organic aquaculture. Tuna production is concentrated, with few companies trading the fish at a global level. Farmed salmon production was rising up to 2008, but began to fall thereafter, largely due to declining quantities of Atlantic salmon, which fell in Chile because of the disease Infectious Salmon Anemia. Chile and Norway are leading players on the global salmon market, accounting for around 65% of the market, followed by Canada and Scotland. In terms of consumption, the main markets are the EU and Japan for fresh and frozen seafood; and the US for fresh, frozen, canned, and other categories. Mollusks, finfish and crustaceans dominate aquaculture production.
Asia-Pacific is the leading region on the global fish market, expanding thanks to economic growth, higher income levels and better spending power in developing regions like India and China. Fresh, frozen and chilled fish comprise the main market segment, with shellfish continuing to exhibit the most rapid growth.
The main producers on the fish market are emerging nations, representing almost 93% of the overall culture harvest. China is the world’s number-one processor, producer, exporter and importer of aquaculture goods. Market expansion is driven by higher living standards, greater seafood consumption, a strong export industry and Chinese State legislation facilitating market infrastructure and encouraging new businesses by way of tax benefits.