Global Synthetic Material Industry
Companies operating in the global synthetic material industry produce cellulosic and non-cellulosic fibers as well as filaments in various forms such as staple, filament yarn, monofilament and tow. Acetate, lyocell and rayon are among the most common cellulosic fibers. There are many noncellulosic organic fibers, including polyvinyl ester fibers, nylon fibers, spandex fibers, polyester fibers, acrylonitrile fibers and filaments.
The production of synthetic fibers involves the polymerization of raw materials such as petrochemicals into chemical coumpounds with specific properties. Synthetic fiber properties include flame resistance, heat sensitivity, resistance to insects and density. Melt-spinning is the major method used to manufacture synthetic fibers. The four-leading products in the synthetic material market are acrylic, polyester, polyolefin and nylon. Polyester is the most common of the four, equivalent to 60% of the overall synthetic fiber market.