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Do you have reports about the work rights problems in the textile industry?

Good day,

Thank you for you inquiry.  We have a lot of reports about the clothing and textile industry, and there are a couple of on this topic that are country-based.

Report 1: Struggle for wages and working conditions:  Apparel in Cambodia, September 2015

This report discusses the Cambodian garment industry and the struggle for proper wages and working conditions. The garment industry in Cambodia has been a central economic driver for GDP growth as one of the leading garment exporters. However, in 2013 workers protested over minimum wages that halted production industry-wide.  The government responded violently with fatalities and caused international brands to intervene on behalf of the workers.  This intervention caused a significant increase in wages.

There is discussion about the global cry for proper minimum wages as well with a description of the H&M Roadmap to Fair Living Wage, which seeks to ensure fair wages across their global production network.

“The study finds that although the garment industry has grown in both size and scope, no economic upgrading has taken place, and social upgrading has only has happened to a limited extent. Also, several examples of social downgrading were found, especially concerning health and safety issues and work security. Wages in the period saw a decrease in real terms until the 2014, where the minimum wage was increased considerably” (pg 2).
—Struggle for wages and working conditions:  Apparel in Cambodia, September 2015

There are charts that show the level of factory compliance with workers rights with regard to contracts, wages, hours, leave, welfare, labour relations, safety/health, and fundamental rights.

factory compliance by category

—Struggle for wages and working conditions:  Apparel in Cambodia, September 2015

Report 2: Decent work: An alliance for the future public-private partnerships on standards and fundamental principles and rights at work: Hershey Company, January 2008

This report discusses some of the issues of workers rights in the textile industry in Pakistan.  Some of the major problems to overcome are forced labour and human trafficking.  The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that 20.9 million people are victims of forced labour and 68% of these persons are exploited in the agriculture, construction, domestic and manufacturing fields.

I hope you find this useful, and can see that there is a lot of useful information available through the portal about the clothing and textile industry. If you have any additional needs or questions about our reports, please feel free to contact us.

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