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ITS in Public Transport – 4th Edition

  • August 2015
  • -
  • Berg Insight AB
  • -
  • 220 pages

Executive summary
The term Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) refers to information and communication technology applied to transport infrastructure and vehicles. Berg Insight’s definition of ITS for public transport includes systems installed in public transport vehicles as well as at terminals, stops, depots and similar. Included are also backoffice IT systems which ensure that public transport services can be planned, scheduled and managed to achieve efficient operations. An important part of ITS for public transport is further solutions providing travellers with updated information about routes, departure times, possible disturbances and connecting services. The history of these different types of solutions dates back several decades and current state-of-the-art solutions include for example real-time intermodal journey planners, nationwide automated fare collection systems using contactless cards or NFC-enabled handsets, and on-board infotainment solutions with information about nearby points of interest.

Public transport plays an essential role in the European society. A total of 56.8 billion public transport passenger journeys were carried out in the EU28 in 2012. Available modes include for example local and regional buses and trolleybuses, regional and suburban rail transport, metros and trams, and local waterborne passenger transport services. A total of 757,000 buses and coaches account for 9.0 percent of the yearly passenger kilometres on land in Europe. The economic value of public transport services in Europe is estimated to around €_150–200 billion per year, which represents approximately 1–1.5 percent of the GDP. The public transport sector furthermore creates about 1.2 million direct employments in Europe, and an average of 2–2.5 indirect employments per direct job. Berg Insight is of the opinion that the European market for ITS in public transport is in a growth phase which will last for several years to come. Individual markets may however continue to experience temporary fluctuations, depending on the political climate and local developments. The total market value of public transport ITS for buses and trams is forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 7.2 percent from € 1.03 billion in 2014 to reach € 1.46 billion by 2019. The penetration of on-board computers with GPS location functionality and wireless communication in buses and trams is estimated to increase from 45.6 percent in 2014 to 58.2 percent in 2019, however varying considerably between regional markets.

A group of international aftermarket solution providers have emerged as the leaders on the European market for public transport ITS. The dominant providers are Trapeze Group, INIT and IVU, all having European headquarters in the German-speaking region and substantial installed bases across a multitude of countries in Europe and beyond. Examples of companies with major market shares on national markets in Europe include Ineo Systrans which holds a leading position in France, and Vix which is a major provider on the UK market. Other significant players include the Spanish groups Indra, GMV and Grupo Etra, Swarco’s subsidiary Swarco Mizar in Italy, Atron in Germany, Italy-based PluService, the Norwegian provider FARA and the Belgium-based company Prodata Mobility Systems which was acquired by Kapsch CarrierCom in July 2014. Volvo Group is moreover a notable player from the vehicle OEM segment, offering the ITS4mobility system in partnership with Consat Telematics in Europe. The system for example enables dispatching, traffic monitoring and real-time passenger information. Scania, Daimler and Iveco further offer some conventional OEM telematics features for its buses.

The outlook for the European public transport ITS market is positive, as several major developments encourage increased investments in such technologies. ITS adoption is likely to increase following international public transport related initiatives such as the EU project European Bus System of the Future (EBSF) and associated efforts such as 3iBS and ITxPT, as well as the next-generation EBSF_2 project launched in June 2015 at the UITP World Congress & Exhibition in Milan as part of Horizon 2020. Contributing developments further include the ever-increasing environmental awareness, the traffic congestion plaguing growing metropolitan areas and UITP’s sought-after doubling of the public transport ridership (PTx2) by 2025. Another major driver is the on-going global developments related to the concept of smart cities, where ITS in general and public transport ITS in particular constitute key elements to enable sustainable smart mobility.

Table Of Contents

ITS in Public Transport - 4th Edition
ITS IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT INDEX
i STRATEGIC RESEARCH SERIES M2M RESEARCH SERIES
Index
Table of Contents
Table of Contents . i
List of Figures .. vi
Executive summary 1
1 Public transport in Europe 3
1.1 Modal split of passenger transport 5
1.2 Bus fleets and public transport utilisation . 6
1.3 Market shares for bus and coach OEMs 8
1.4 Rail-borne public transport modes 9
1.4.1 Trams and light rail . 10
1.4.2 Metro . 11
1.5 Organisation and contracting in public transport 13
1.5.1 Legal framework .. 14
1.5.2 Organisational forms and regional differences 15
1.6 Major public transport operators . 17
2 ITS technologies and solutions .. 21
2.1 Public transport ITS infrastructure .. 22
2.1.1 Vehicle segment .. 24
2.1.2 Roadside segment . 26
2.1.3 Backoffice segment 27
2.1.4 Traveller segment 29
2.1.5 GNSS segment 30
2.1.6 Network segment 30
2.2 Public transport management .. 34
2.2.1 Planning and scheduling tools . 34
2.2.2 Computer aided dispatch systems 35
2.2.3 Traffic signal priority .. 35
2.2.4 Depot management .. 36
2.3 Traveller management .. 36
INDEX ITS IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT
ii STRATEGIC RESEARCH SERIES M2M RESEARCH SERIES
2.3.1 Passenger information . 36
2.3.2 Entertainment 37
2.3.3 Fare payment 38
2.4 Driver management 39
2.4.1 Driving data registration and analysis .. 39
2.4.2 Eco-driving schemes . 40
2.4.3 Insurance risk management .. 40
2.5 Vehicle management . 41
2.5.1 Vehicle diagnostics and maintenance planning . 41
2.5.2 On-board security solutions .. 41
2.6 Business models and strategies . 42
3 Market forecasts and trends . 45
3.1 Market analysis . 45
3.1.1 Market value forecast 45
3.1.2 Regional markets 47
3.1.3 Major vendors 48
3.2 Market drivers and barriers . 50
3.2.1 Macroeconomic environment .. 50
3.2.2 Regulatory environment .. 52
3.2.3 Competitive environment 53
3.2.4 Technology environment 54
3.3 Value chain analysis .. 58
3.3.1 ITS and telematics industry players .. 58
3.3.2 Automotive industry players .. 65
3.3.3 Telecom industry players 67
3.3.4 IT industry players .. 69
3.4 Future industry trends .. 71
3.4.1 ITS adoption to grow alongside general IT maturity . 71
3.4.2 Factory-fitted gateways and third-party systems to co-exist. 72
3.4.3 Future public transport services must transform to be competitive with cars . 72
3.4.4 Multimodal passenger information and fare collection solutions are crucial .. 73
3.4.5 Mobile devices assume multiple important roles in the ITS infrastructure 73
ITS IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT INDEX
iii STRATEGIC RESEARCH SERIES M2M RESEARCH SERIES
3.4.6 Public transport ITS developing along similar lines as adjacent markets . 74
4 OEM products and strategies .. 75
4.1 Daimler .. 75
4.2 Iveco .. 79
4.3 MAN Truck and Bus 81
4.4 Scania 83
4.5 Volvo Group 85
4.6 Other bus manufacturers . 89
4.6.1 Alexander Dennis 89
4.6.2 VDL . 90
4.6.3 Van Hool .. 91
5 Aftermarket solution providers . 93
5.1 International 93
5.1.1 Cubic Transportation Systems . 94
5.1.2 GIRO .. 96
5.1.3 INIT . 98
5.1.4 IVU 103
5.1.5 Prodata Mobility Systems (Kapsch CarrierCom) . 108
5.1.6 Swarco 111
5.1.7 Thales . 114
5.1.8 Trapeze Group .. 117
5.1.9 Xerox .. 122
5.2 Germany and Eastern Europe 124
5.2.1 Atron 125
5.2.2 BMG MIS .. 127
5.2.3 i-Cell . 128
5.2.4 ICOM .. 129
5.2.5 PSI Transcom . 130
5.2.6 RandG . 133
5.2.7 Radcom . 134
5.2.8 Siemens . 135
5.2.9 UTI 137
INDEX ITS IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT
iv STRATEGIC RESEARCH SERIES M2M RESEARCH SERIES
5.3 France, Benelux and the UK 138
5.3.1 Actia . 139
5.3.2 Comatis . 142
5.3.3 GreenRoad .. 143
5.3.4 Ineo Systrans .. 146
5.3.5 Lumiplan 149
5.3.6 MiX Telematics .. 151
5.3.7 Moviken . 154
5.3.8 Navocap 156
5.3.9 Omnibus 158
5.3.10 Sabatier Geolocalisation .. 160
5.3.11 SPIE . 161
5.3.12 Vix . 162
5.4 The Mediterranean 165
5.4.1 GMV . 165
5.4.2 Goal Systems . 168
5.4.3 Grupo Etra 170
5.4.4 Indra 172
5.4.5 Link Technologies 175
5.4.6 Metatronix and Digigroup Informatica 177
5.4.7 PluService . 177
5.4.8 Selex ES 180
5.4.9 Tecmic 181
5.5 The Nordics . 183
5.5.1 Consat 183
5.5.2 FARA 184
5.5.3 FältCom . 187
5.5.4 Hogia .. 189
5.5.5 Pilotfish .. 190
5.5.6 Thoreb 193
5.5.7 Traffilog Nordic .. 195
5.5.8 TriNorth Solutions. 197
ITS IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT INDEX
v STRATEGIC RESEARCH SERIES M2M RESEARCH SERIES
5.5.9 Trivector . 197
5.5.10 Vehco . 199
5.6 Additional solution providers .. 200
5.6.1 21st Century Technology . 201
5.6.2 Accenture . 203
5.6.3 DILAX .. 204
5.6.4 HaCon 205
5.6.5 Hanover Displays . 206
5.6.6 Icomera . 207
5.6.7 Luminator Technology Group 208
5.6.8 METRIC . 210
5.6.9 Nettropolis 211
5.6.10 Scheidt and Bachmann . 212
Glossary . 215
INDEX ITS IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT
vi STRATEGIC RESEARCH SERIES M2M RESEARCH SERIES
Index

List of Figures
Figure 1.1: Modal split of passenger transport on land (EU23+2 2012) .. 4
Figure 1.2: Bus statistics - vehicle stock, new registrations and passenger-km (EU23+2) . 7
Figure 1.3: Bus and coach (>16t) market shares, by group and brand (EU15+EFTA 2013) . 8
Figure 1.4: Bus and coach (3.5-16t) market shares, by group and brand (EU15+EFTA 2013) . 9
Figure 1.5: Statistics on metro systems in Europe (EU23+2 2010) .. 12
Figure 1.6: Key figures on major public transport operators in Europe .. 17
Figure 1.7: Market presence in Europe for major transport operators (EU23+2 2015) .. 20
Figure 2.1: Public transport ITS infrastructure overview .. 23
Figure 2.2: Examples of on-board equipment installed in public transport vehicles 25
Figure 2.3: Example of public transport ITS backoffice segment .. 28
Figure 2.4: Examples of app-based journey planner and smartcard payment solution . 29
Figure 3.1: Public transport ITS market value and penetration (EU28+2 2014-2019) 46
Figure 3.2: Major public transport ITS providers on the European market 48
Figure 3.3: Financial data for leading ITS and telematics industry players 60
Figure 3.4: Key data for companies and groups active in ITS for public transport 62
Figure 3.5: Mergers and acquisitions among companies active in public transport ITS 63
Figure 3.6: Mobile operators in Europe by M2M subscriber base (Q4-2014) .. 68
Figure 5.1: Product overview of INIT's offering . 99
Figure 5.2: INIT's ECOdrive driver panel .. 101
Figure 5.3: Overview of IVU.suite .. 105
Figure 5.4: Prodata Mobility Systems' DC800 driver console with ticket printer .. 109
Figure 5.5: Trapeze's Intelligent Touch Terminal and Intelligent Data Router .. 120
Figure 5.6: Actia's new-generation Podium dashboard with driverAID function .. 140
Figure 5.7: Ineo Systrans' UCINEO on-board computer and TACTILEO driver interface 147
Figure 5.8: MiX Telematics' RIBAS display .. 153
Figure 5.9: Pilotfish's Vehicle Gateway VG200 and Driver Console FK500 192

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