Energy Management Information Systems: Global Markets

  • October 2012
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 134 pages

INTRODUCTION

Building energy usage can be reduced by 5% to 20% or more by identifying and correcting operational issues. Building owners and operators have various incentives to reduce energy consumption, including adhering to business best practices, eliminating inefficiencies, reducing costs, participating in various governmental and private incentive programs, conserving energy resources and reducing carbon emissions.

Many of these issues can be managed by building operators, energy managers and other decision-makers using automated monitoring and control technologies that collectively are known as energy management information systems (EMIS), or sometimes enterprise energy management (EEM). This report uses the two terms interchangeably.

EMIS refers to data acquisition hardware, software and communication systems that provide energy information to commercial building energy managers, facility managers, financial managers and electric utilities. A number of providers offer products that are described as EMIS or EEM, although the specific details of their offerings differ widely between companies. This scope of this report also includes professional services that support the implementation of EMIS, such as needs analysis, project design and integration services.

EMIS solutions are applicable for commercial, governmental and nonprofit entities in every segment of the economy, although some segments are intrinsically more energy-intensive and thus have a greater incentive to adopt EMIS solutions, such as manufacturing operations and datacenters. A growing number of individual consumers are using custom-tailored EMIS solutions to manage their household energy use.

Although formalized EMIS solutions are not directly applicable for private consumers such as homeowners, historical analysis and decision support to enhance energy efficiency of EMIS are frequently accessible through the EMIS solutions employed by power providers. These power providers enable consumers to become more informed and more efficient by providing historical and current power usage or appliance-specific utility-usage data. Current data analysis tools, such as data warehouse technology and other computing practices, allow power providers to provide consumer power consumption data periodically and on demand with the ability to secure other consumer information, or to group the data in an endless variety of ways.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This report is an update of an earlier BCC Research report published in 2010. The overall goal of this report is to identify and prioritize the business opportunities for providers of EMIS solutions and related services that will arise over the next five years as these technologies increase their market penetration. In support of this goal, specific objectives of the report include:

Identifying the EMIS technologies and applications with the greatest commercial potential over the next five years (2012–2017).
Estimating the market for these technologies in 2011.
Analyzing the technical, economic and other demand drivers for these technologies, and other prerequisites of success in these markets.
Projecting the potential markets for these technologies through 2017.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

The report is intended especially for providers of EMIS technologies and solutions and related services. Although the report is structured around specific technologies, it is largely non-technical in nature. That is, it is concerned less with theory and jargon than with what works, how much of the latter the market is likely to purchase, and at what price.

As such, the report’s main audience is executive management and marketing and financial analysts. It is not written specifically for scientists and technologists, although its findings concern the market for their work, including the availability of government and corporate research funding for different technologies and applications.

Government agencies and environmental and public policy groups with an interest in these areas should also find the report useful.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

The study covers the major segments of the EMIS market, which are defined as:

Industrial.
Business.
Governmental.
Residential.

The study addresses the major enabling technologies for the various types of home automation products, such as:

Sensors.
Software
Wiring and networking devices.
User interface devices.
Controllers.
Actuators and output devices (e.g., dimmers, automated window coverings, dampers, etc.).

The study format includes the following major elements:

Executive summary.
Definitions.
EMIS functions.
Enabling technologies.
Market environment (economic conditions, consumer attitudes).
Current (2011) and projected market for home automation technologies and products through 2017.
Developers and suppliers of EMIS products.
Key patents.

While the main focus of the report is on the U.S. market, it also analyzes international markets for EMIS products and services.

METHODOLOGY

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study. The findings and conclusions of the EMIS RFID market are based on information gathered from developers, vendors, integrators and users of energy information systems. Interview data were combined with information gathered through an extensive review of secondary sources such as trade publications, trade associations, company literature and online databases to produce the baseline market estimates contained in this report.

With 2011 as a baseline, market projections for each market segment were developed for 2012 to 2017. The projections are based on a combination of a consensus among the primary contacts combined with BCC’s understanding of the key market drivers and their impact from a historical and analytical perspective. The analytical methodologies used to generate the market estimates are described in detail, to enable the reader to evaluate their validity and substitute other assumptions and values, if desired.

All dollar projections presented in this report are in 2011 constant U.S. dollars.

AUTHOR’S CREDENTIALS

Andrew McWilliams, the author of this updated report, is a partner in the Boston-based international technology and marketing consulting firm 43rd Parallel LLC. He is the author of numerous other BCC Research business opportunity analyses, including reports on related areas such as EGY065B Enabling Technologies for the Smart Grid; IAS031B The U.S. Market for Home Automation and Security Technologies; ENV011A The U.S. Market for Clean Technologies; ENV003D U.S. Indoor Air Quality Market and ENV007B The U.S. Market for Green Building Materials.

Table Of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1
INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE AND FORMAT 2
METHODOLOGY 3
AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS 3
RELATED PUBLICATIONS 3
BCC ON-LINE SERVICES 3
DISCLAIMER 4
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 6
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL EMIS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 6
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL EMIS MARKET, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 6
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 9
GENERAL DESCRIPTION 9
TECHNOLOGY SEGMENTS 9
DATA ACQUISITION, STORAGE AND PROCESSING HARDWARE 9
SOFTWARE 10
METERS AND SENSORS 10
Smart Meters 10
Other Meters and Sensors 11
USER INTERFACES AND DECISION SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES 11
ACTUATORS AND CONTROLLERS 12
COMMUNICATIONS 12
SERVICES 12
END USERS 12
MARKET SUMMARY 13
U.S. MARKET 13
TABLE 1 U.S. EMIS MARKET BY TYPE OF EQUIPMENT/SERVICE, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 13
FIGURE 1 U.S. EMIS MARKET, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 14
FIGURE 2 U.S. EMIS EQUIPMENT/SERVICE MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 14
TABLE 2 U.S. EMIS MARKET BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 16
FIGURE 3 U.S. EMIS EQUIPMENT/SERVICE MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 16
GLOBAL MARKET 17
TABLE 3 GLOBAL EMIS MARKET BY GEOGRAPHICAL SEGMENT, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 17
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL EMIS GEOGRAPHICAL MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 17
CHAPTER 4 ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ENVIRONMENT 20
SUMMARY 20
UTILITIES 20
AVAILABILITY OF CAPITAL FUNDING 20
FIGURE 5 U.S. SHAREHOLDER-OWNED UTILITIES’ CAPITAL EXPENDITURES, 2005-2014 ($
BILLIONS) 20
INCENTIVES TO INVEST IN SMART GRID TECHNOLOGIES 21
FIGURE 6 ANNUAL GROWTH IN U.S. ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2001-2015 (%) 21
COMMERCIAL/MANUFACTURING FIRMS AND GOVERNMENT 22
COMMERCIAL/MANUFACTURING FIRMS 23
Electricity Prices 23
FIGURE 7 TRENDS IN COMMERCIAL/MANUFACTURING ELECTRICITY PRICES, 2005-2011 (%
CHANGE VS. PREVIOUS YEAR) 23
Private Non-Residential Construction 23
FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN VALUE OF U.S. PRIVATE, NON-RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION PUT IN
PLACE, 2005-2017 ($ BILLIONS) 24
Investment Trends 24
FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN VALUE OF U.S. GROSS PRIVATE NON-HOUSEHOLD INVESTMENT,
2005-2012 ($ BILLIONS) 24
GOVERNMENT 25
Public Construction 25
FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN VALUE OF U.S. PUBLIC NON-INFRASTRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION
PUT IN PLACE, 2005-2017 ($ BILLIONS) 26
Public Investment 26
FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN VALUE OF U.S. PUBLIC INVESTMENT, 2005-2012 ($ BILLIONS) 26
CONSUMERS 27
RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICITY PRICES 27
FIGURE 12 TRENDS IN RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICITY PRICES, 2005-2012 (% CHANGE VS.
PREVIOUS YEAR) 28
ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS 28
FIGURE 13 TRENDS IN U.S. PUBLIC CONCERNS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING, 2001-2012 (%) 28
RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION 29
New Construction 29
FIGURE 14 TRENDS IN U.S. HOUSING STARTS, 2005-2017 (MILLION STARTS) 30
Renovations 30
TABLE 4 REMODELING MARKET INDEX TRENDS, 2005-2012 (RMI) 31
CONSUMER EXPENDITURES 32
FIGURE 15 RECENT TRENDS IN U.S. CONSUMER SPENDING, 2003-2010 (AVERAGE %
INCREASE/DECREASE VS. PREVIOUS YEAR) 32
CHAPTER 5 EMIS STANDARDS, LEGISLATION, REGULATION AND POLICY ENVIRONMENT 34
ENERGY MANAGEMENT STANDARDS 34
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD ON ENERGY MANAGEMENT ANSI/MSE 2000-2008 34
ISO 50001 ENERGY MANAGEMENT STANDARD 34
ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS, REGULATIONS AND POLICIES 34
LEGISLATION 35
Energy Policy Act of 2005 35
Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 35
Section 1301. Statement of Policy on Modernization of Electricity Grid 36
Section 1302. Smart Grid System Report 36
Section 1303. Smart Grid Advisory Committee and Smart Grid Task Force 36
Section 1304. Smart Grid Technology Research, Development and
Demonstration 37
Section 1305. Smart Grid Interoperability Framework 37
Section 1307. State Consideration of Smart Grid 37
Section 1308. Study of the Effect of Private Wire Laws on the Development of
Combined Heat and Power Facilities 37
Section 1309. DOE Study of Security Attributes of Smart Grid Systems 38
Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 38
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 38
FEDERAL REGULATIONS 38
Rulings Expanding Use of Demand Response 38
Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering 2008 39
Executive Orders 39
Executive Order 13123 39
Executive Order 13423 39
Executive Order 13514 40
Other Federal Programs 40
Federal Energy Management Program 40
Energy Savings Performance Contracts 40
Department of Energy Industrial Technologies Program 41
STATE LEGISLATION AND REGULATION 41
Arizona 41
California 41
Oregon 42
Pennsylvania 42
Texas 43
Vermont 43
CHAPTER 6 EMIS IN OPERATION 45
EMIS IN OPERATION 45
FIGURE 16 EMIS IN OPERATION 46
ENERGY MANAGEMENT CONTROL PROCESS 49
FIGURE 17 ENERGY MANAGEMENT CONTROL PROCESS 49
CHAPTER 7 UTILITY EMIS 54
SUMMARY 54
FIGURE 18 U.S. MARKET FOR UTILITY ENERGY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 54
TECHNOLOGIES 55
DATA ACQUISITION, STORAGE AND PROCESSING HARDWARE 55
METERS AND SENSORS 55
USER INTERFACES 56
TABLE 5 INTERFACE AND DECISION SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SMART GRID 57
WIRING AND NETWORKING 57
Neighborhood Area Networks 58
TABLE 6 ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID HOME AREA NETWORKS 58
Backbone Communications 58
SUPPLIERS 59
TABLE 7 UTILITY EMIS TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS 59
MARKET 60
TABLE 8 U.S. MARKET FOR UTILITY EMIS BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 60
FIGURE 19 U.S. UTILITY EMIS TECHNOLOGY MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 61
DATA ACQUISITION, STORAGE AND PROCESSING HARDWARE 61
TABLE 9 U.S. MARKET FOR UTILITY EMIS IT HARDWARE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
SOFTWARE 62
TABLE 10 U.S. MARKET FOR UTILITY EMIS SOFTWARE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 62
METERS AND SENSORS 62
TABLE 11 U.S. MARKET FOR AUTOMATICALLY READ AND SMART ELECTRIC METERS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 63
AMR Meters 63
TABLE 12 U.S. MARKET FOR AMR METERS, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 63
Smart Meters 64
TABLE 13 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART METERS, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 64
USER INTERFACES 64
TABLE 14 MARKET FOR INTERFACE AND DECISION SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART
GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 65
WIRING AND COMMUNICATIONS 65
TABLE 15 U.S. MARKET FOR AMR AND SMART GRID COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 65
Neighborhood Area Networks 65
TABLE 16 MARKET FOR SMART GRID NAN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH
2017 (MILLION CONNECTIONS/$ MILLIONS) 66
Backbone 66
TABLE 17 MARKET FOR SMART GRID BACKBONE COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 66
SERVICES 66
TABLE 18 U.S. MARKET FOR EMIS WIRING AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES USED
IN COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL/GOVERNMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 67
CHAPTER 8 COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL/GOVERNMENT EMIS TECHNOLOGY 69
SUMMARY 69
FIGURE 20 U.S. MARKET FOR COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL/GOVERNMENT ENERGY
MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 69
TECHNOLOGIES 69
DATA ACQUISITION, STORAGE AND PROCESSING HARDWARE 69
SOFTWARE 70
Analysis and Modeling 70
METERING AND SENSORS 71
USER INTERFACES 71
ACTUATORS AND OUTPUT DEVICES 71
WIRING AND COMMUNICATIONS 72
SUPPLIERS 72
TABLE 19 SUPPLIERS OF EMIS PRODUCTS AND SERVICES TO THE CIG SECTOR 73
MARKETS 73
TABLE 20 U.S. MARKET FOR COMMERCIAL/MANUFACTURING/GOVERNMENT EMIS BY TYPE
OF TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 74
FIGURE 21 U.S. COMMERCIAL/MANUFACTURING/GOVERNMENT EMIS TECHNOLOGY
MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 75
DATA ACQUISITION, STORAGE AND PROCESSING HARDWARE 75
TABLE 21 U.S. CIG MARKET FOR DATA ACQUISITION, STORAGE AND PROCESSING
HARDWARE, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 76
SOFTWARE 76
TABLE 22 U.S. CIG MARKET FOR EMIS SOFTWARE, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$
MILLIONS) 76
METERS AND SENSORS 76
TABLE 23 U.S. CIG MARKET FOR EMIS METERS AND SENSORS, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 76
USER INTERFACES 76
TABLE 24 U.S. CIG MARKET FOR EMIS INTERFACE AND DECISION SUPPORT
TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 77
WIRING AND COMMUNICATIONS 77
TABLE 25 U.S. MARKET FOR EMIS WIRING AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES USED
IN CIG, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 77
SERVICES 77
TABLE 26 U.S. MARKET FOR EMIS WIRING AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES USED
IN CIG, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 78
CHAPTER 9 RESIDENTIAL EMIS 80
SUMMARY 80
FIGURE 22 U.S. RESIDENTIAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS MARKET,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TECHNOLOGIES 80
DATA ACQUISITION, STORAGE AND PROCESSING HARDWARE 81
Programmable Communicating Thermostats 81
METERS AND SENSORS 82
USER INTERFACES 82
In-Home Displays 82
Web-Based Interfaces 83
ACTUATORS AND OUTPUT DEVICES 83
Remote Actuators 83
Integrated Actuators 83
Plug-in Actuator 83
WIRING AND NETWORKING 84
SUPPLIERS 84
TABLE 27 PROVIDERS OF AUTOMATED HOME ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, DEVICES
AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES 84
MARKETS 85
TABLE 28 U.S. RESIDENTIAL EMIS EQUIPMENT AND SERVICES MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 85
FIGURE 23 U.S. RESIDENTIAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS MARKET
SEGMENTS, 2011-2017 (%) 85
DATA ACQUISITION, STORAGE AND PROCESSING HARDWARE 86
TABLE 29 U.S. MARKET FOR PROGRAMMABLE COMMUNICATING THERMOSTATS METERS,
THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 87
METERS AND SENSORS 87
TABLE 30 MARKET FOR RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION MONITORING SENSORS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 88
USER INTERFACES 88
TABLE 31 U.S. MARKET FOR HOME ENERGY MANAGEMENT INTERFACES, THROUGH 2017
($ MILLIONS) 88
In-Home Displays 88
TABLE 32 MARKET FOR DEDICATED IN-HOME ENERGY DISPLAYS, THROUGH 2017
(MILLION UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 89
Web-Based Interfaces 89
TABLE 33 MARKET FOR WEB-BASED ENERGY CONSUMPTION MONITORING DEVICES*,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 90
ACTUATORS AND OUTPUT DEVICES 90
TABLE 34 U.S. MARKET FOR REMOTE APPLIANCE ACTUATORS, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 90
Integrated Actuators 90
TABLE 35 MARKET FOR HOME ENERGY MANAGEMENT INTEGRATED ACTUATORS,
THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 91
Plug-in Actuators 91
TABLE 36 U.S. MARKET FOR HOME ENERGY MANAGEMENT PLUG-IN ACTUATORS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 92
WIRING AND NETWORKING 92
TABLE 37 U.S. MARKET FOR HOME ENERGY AUTOMATION WIRING AND NETWORKING,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 92
CHAPTER 10 TRANSPORTATION EMIS 94
SUMMARY 94
FIGURE 24 U.S. MARKET FOR TRANSPORTATION EMIS, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 94
TECHNOLOGIES 94
SUPPLIERS 95
TABLE 38 SUPPLIERS OF TRANSPORTATION EMIS EQUIPMENT AND SERVICES 95
MARKETS 95
TABLE 39 U.S. TRANSPORTATION ENERGY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS
MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 96
FIGURE 25 U.S. TRANSPORTATION ENERGY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS
MARKET SEGMENTS, 2011-2017 (%) 97
CHAPTER 11 INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS 99
GLOBAL ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ENVIRONMENT 99
GDP TRENDS 99
FIGURE 26 TRENDS IN WORLD GDP, 2007-2013 (ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE) 99
TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION AND PRICES 100
Electricity Consumption 100
FIGURE 27 PROJECTED GROWTH IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2017 (CAGR%) 100
Electricity Prices 101
INVESTMENT TRENDS 102
FIGURE 28 GLOBAL INVESTMENT TRENDS, 2007-2017 (GLOBAL INVESTMENT AS A
PERCENTAGE OF GDP) 102
GLOBAL TRENDS IN CONSTRUCTION 103
GLOBAL STANDARDS AND POLICY ENVIRONMENT 103
ENERGY MANAGEMENT STANDARDS 103
National Standards 103
International Standards 104
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Standards 104
TABLE 40 ISO/PC 242 MEMBER COUNTRIES 105
European Union Standards 105
INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS 106
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 106
TABLE 41 PARTIES TO THE UN FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE 106
The Kyoto Protocol 107
TABLE 42 UNFCCC ANNEX I COUNTRIES 107
2011 Durban Conference 108
LEGISLATION AND REGULATION 108
Australia 108
Canada 109
China 109
Japan 109
South Korea 110
Turkey 110
GOVERNMENT STIMULUS PROGRAMS 111
TABLE 43 LARGEST SMART GRID STIMULUS INVESTMENT PROGRAMS BY COUNTRY ($
BILLIONS) 111
GLOBAL MARKETS 112
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EMIS EQUIPMENT AND SERVICES BY COUNTRY/REGION,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 112
FIGURE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EMIS EQUIPMENT AND SERVICES, 2011-2017 (%) 113
TABLE 45 GLOBAL EMIS MARKET BY EQUIPMENT/SERVICE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 114
FIGURE 30 GLOBAL EMIS MARKET EQUIPMENT/SERVICE SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 114
TABLE 46 GLOBAL EMIS MARKET BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 115
FIGURE 31 GLOBAL EMIS EQUIPMENT/SERVICE MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 115
CHAPTER 12 APPENDIX A: COMPANY PROFILES 118
EMIS SERVICES 118
ABB LTD. 118
AMERESCO INC. 118
ECOVA 118
BLACK and VEATCH 119
ENERWISE GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES INC. 119
GE ENERGY 119
HEWLETT-PACKARD CO. 119
HITACHI CONSULTING CORP. 120
NAVIGANT CONSULTING INC. 120
N.V. NUON 120
PEPCO ENERGY SERVICES INC. 120
PJM INTERCONNECTION LLC 120
PROLIANCE ENERGY LLC 121
TETRA TECH EM INC. 121
U.S. ENERGY SERVICES INC. 121
WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC LLC 121
EMIS EQUIPMENT AND SOFTWARE 122
ADVANCED TELEMETRY LLC 122
AGILEWAVES INC. 122
ALLEGRO DEVELOPMENT CORP. 122
ALSTOM 123
ALVARION INC. 123
AMBIENT CORP. 123
ATMEL CORP. 124
BADGER METER INC. 124
BPL GLOBAL LTD. 124
COMVERGE INC. 124
COOPER INDUSTRIES INC. 125
CURRENT GROUP LLC 125
DYNAMIC ENERGY SYSTEMS 126
ECHELON CORP. 126
ECOBEE 126
ELSTER LLC 126
EMBER CORP. 127
EMETER CORP. 127
E-MON LP 127
ENERGATE INC. 128
ENERGENO LTD. 128
ENERGYICT INC. 129
ENERNOC 129
GAINSPAN CORP. 129
GENERAL ELECTRIC CO. 129
GOOGLE.ORG 130
GREEN ENERGY OPTIONS LTD. 130
GREENBOX TECHNOLOGY 130
GRID NET INC. 131
HOME AUTOMATION INC. 131
HONEYWELL AUTOMATION AND CONTROL SOLUTIONS 131
INTERGRAPH CORP. 131
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES 132
ITRON INC. 132
LANDIS+GYR AG 133
LIVEDATA INC. 133
LUCID DESIGN GROUP LLC 133
MAIN.NET POWER LINE COMMUNICATIONS INC. 133
MILSOFT INTEGRATED SOLUTIONS 134
MMB RESEARCH INC. 134
ONZO LTD. 134
PEOPLENET COMMUNICATIONS CORP. 135
POWERIT SOLUTIONS 135
POWERWORLD CORP. 135
RADIO THERMOSTAT COMPANY OF AMERICA 135
ROCKWELL AUTOMATION 136
RUGGEDCOM INC. 136
SATEC INC. 136
SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC SA 137
SENSUS METERING SYSTEMS 137
SEQUENTRIC ENERGY SYSTEMS LLC 137
SIEMENS 138
Siemens Building Technologies Ltd. 138
Siemens Building Technologies Inc. 138
Siemens Energy and Automation Inc. 138
SIGMA DESIGNS INC. 138
SIGNATURE ENERGY MANAGEMENT 139
SILVER SPRING NETWORKS 139
SMARTSYNCH 140
SPACE-TIME-INSIGHT 140
TELKONET INC. 140
TENDRIL NETWORKS INC. 141
TOSHIBA CORP. 141
TRILLIANT NETWORKS 141
CHAPTER 13 APPENDIX B: PATENT ANALYSIS 143
TABLE 47 U.S. EMIS PATENTS ISSUED THROUGH SEPT. 20, 2012, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
(NUMBER OF PATENTS) 143
FIGURE 32 U.S. EMIS PATENT SHARES BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY (%) 143
TABLE 48 ASSIGNEES BY NUMBER OF PATENTS (NUMBER OF U.S. EMIS PATENTS ISSUED
AS OF SEPT. 1, 2012) 144
TABLE 49 EMIS PATENTS ISSUED THROUGH SEPT. 20, 2012 BY NATIONALITY OF ASSIGNEE
(NUMBER OF U.S. EMIS PATENTS ISSUED AS OF SEPT. 1, 2012) 145
FIGURE 33 EMIS PATENTS ISSUED THROUGH SEPT. 20, 2012 BY NATIONALITY OF
ASSIGNEE (%) 146

LIST OF TABLES
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL EMIS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 6
TABLE 1 U.S. EMIS MARKET BY TYPE OF EQUIPMENT/SERVICE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 13
TABLE 2 U.S. EMIS MARKET BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 16
TABLE 3 GLOBAL EMIS MARKET BY GEOGRAPHICAL SEGMENT, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 17
TABLE 4 REMODELING MARKET INDEX TRENDS, 2005-2012 (RMI) 31
TABLE 5 INTERFACE AND DECISION SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SMART GRID 57
TABLE 6 ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART GRID HOME AREA NETWORKS 58
TABLE 7 UTILITY EMIS TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS 59
TABLE 8 U.S. MARKET FOR UTILITY EMIS BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 60
TABLE 9 U.S. MARKET FOR UTILITY EMIS IT HARDWARE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
TABLE 10 U.S. MARKET FOR UTILITY EMIS SOFTWARE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 62
TABLE 11 U.S. MARKET FOR AUTOMATICALLY READ AND SMART ELECTRIC METERS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 63
TABLE 12 U.S. MARKET FOR AMR METERS, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 63
TABLE 13 U.S. MARKET FOR SMART METERS, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 64
TABLE 14 MARKET FOR INTERFACE AND DECISION SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES FOR SMART
GRID APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 65
TABLE 15 U.S. MARKET FOR AMR AND SMART GRID COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 65
TABLE 16 MARKET FOR SMART GRID NAN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES, THROUGH
2017 (MILLION CONNECTIONS/$ MILLIONS) 66
TABLE 17 MARKET FOR SMART GRID BACKBONE COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 66
TABLE 18 U.S. MARKET FOR EMIS WIRING AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES USED
IN COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL/GOVERNMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 67
TABLE 19 SUPPLIERS OF EMIS PRODUCTS AND SERVICES TO THE CIG SECTOR 73
TABLE 20 U.S. MARKET FOR COMMERCIAL/MANUFACTURING/GOVERNMENT EMIS BY TYPE
OF TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 74
TABLE 21 U.S. CIG MARKET FOR DATA ACQUISITION, STORAGE AND PROCESSING
HARDWARE, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 22 U.S. CIG MARKET FOR EMIS SOFTWARE, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$
MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 23 U.S. CIG MARKET FOR EMIS METERS AND SENSORS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 24 U.S. CIG MARKET FOR EMIS INTERFACE AND DECISION SUPPORT TECHNOLOGIES,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 25 U.S. MARKET FOR EMIS WIRING AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES USED
IN CIG, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 26 U.S. MARKET FOR EMIS WIRING AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES USED
IN CIG, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 27 PROVIDERS OF AUTOMATED HOME ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, DEVICES
AND RELATED TECHNOLOGIES 84
TABLE 28 U.S. RESIDENTIAL EMIS EQUIPMENT AND SERVICES MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 85
TABLE 29 U.S. MARKET FOR PROGRAMMABLE COMMUNICATING THERMOSTATS METERS,
THROUGH 2017 (MILLION UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 30 MARKET FOR RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION MONITORING SENSORS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 88
TABLE 31 U.S. MARKET FOR HOME ENERGY MANAGEMENT INTERFACES, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 88
TABLE 32 MARKET FOR DEDICATED IN-HOME ENERGY DISPLAYS, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION
UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 89
TABLE 33 MARKET FOR WEB-BASED ENERGY CONSUMPTION MONITORING DEVICES*,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 90
TABLE 34 U.S. MARKET FOR REMOTE APPLIANCE ACTUATORS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 90
TABLE 35 MARKET FOR HOME ENERGY MANAGEMENT INTEGRATED ACTUATORS, THROUGH
2017 (MILLION UNITS/$ MILLIONS) 91
TABLE 36 U.S. MARKET FOR HOME ENERGY MANAGEMENT PLUG-IN ACTUATORS, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 92
TABLE 37 U.S. MARKET FOR HOME ENERGY AUTOMATION WIRING AND NETWORKING,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 92
TABLE 38 SUPPLIERS OF TRANSPORTATION EMIS EQUIPMENT AND SERVICES 95
TABLE 39 U.S. TRANSPORTATION ENERGY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 96
TABLE 40 ISO/PC 242 MEMBER COUNTRIES 105
TABLE 41 PARTIES TO THE UN FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE 106
TABLE 42 UNFCCC ANNEX I COUNTRIES 107
TABLE 43 LARGEST SMART GRID STIMULUS INVESTMENT PROGRAMS BY COUNTRY ($
BILLIONS) 111
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EMIS EQUIPMENT AND SERVICES BY COUNTRY/REGION,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 112
TABLE 45 GLOBAL EMIS MARKET BY EQUIPMENT/SERVICE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 114
TABLE 46 GLOBAL EMIS MARKET BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 115
TABLE 47 U.S. EMIS PATENTS ISSUED THROUGH SEPT. 20, 2012, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
(NUMBER OF PATENTS) 143
TABLE 48 ASSIGNEES BY NUMBER OF PATENTS (NUMBER OF U.S. EMIS PATENTS ISSUED
AS OF SEPT. 1, 2012) 144
TABLE 49 EMIS PATENTS ISSUED THROUGH SEPT. 20, 2012 BY NATIONALITY OF ASSIGNEE
(NUMBER OF U.S. EMIS PATENTS ISSUED AS OF SEPT. 1, 2012) 145

LIST OF FIGURES
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL EMIS MARKET, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 6
FIGURE 1 U.S. EMIS MARKET, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 14
FIGURE 2 U.S. EMIS EQUIPMENT/SERVICE MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 14
FIGURE 3 U.S. EMIS EQUIPMENT/SERVICE MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 16
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL EMIS GEOGRAPHICAL MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 17
FIGURE 5 U.S. SHAREHOLDER-OWNED UTILITIES’ CAPITAL EXPENDITURES, 2005-2014 ($
BILLIONS) 20
FIGURE 6 ANNUAL GROWTH IN U.S. ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2001-2015 (%) 21
FIGURE 7 TRENDS IN COMMERCIAL/MANUFACTURING ELECTRICITY PRICES, 2005-2011 (%
CHANGE VS. PREVIOUS YEAR) 23
FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN VALUE OF U.S. PRIVATE, NON-RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION PUT IN
PLACE, 2005-2017 ($ BILLIONS) 24
FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN VALUE OF U.S. GROSS PRIVATE NON-HOUSEHOLD INVESTMENT,
2005-2012 ($ BILLIONS) 24
FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN VALUE OF U.S. PUBLIC NON-INFRASTRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION PUT
IN PLACE, 2005-2017 ($ BILLIONS) 26
FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN VALUE OF U.S. PUBLIC INVESTMENT, 2005-2012 ($ BILLIONS) 26
FIGURE 12 TRENDS IN RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICITY PRICES, 2005-2012 (% CHANGE VS.
PREVIOUS YEAR) 28
FIGURE 13 TRENDS IN U.S. PUBLIC CONCERNS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING, 2001-2012 (%) 28
FIGURE 14 TRENDS IN U.S. HOUSING STARTS, 2005-2017 (MILLION STARTS) 30
FIGURE 15 RECENT TRENDS IN U.S. CONSUMER SPENDING, 2003-2010 (AVERAGE %
INCREASE/DECREASE VS. PREVIOUS YEAR) 32
FIGURE 16 EMIS IN OPERATION 46
FIGURE 17 ENERGY MANAGEMENT CONTROL PROCESS 49
FIGURE 18 U.S. MARKET FOR UTILITY ENERGY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 54
FIGURE 19 U.S. UTILITY EMIS TECHNOLOGY MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 61
FIGURE 20 U.S. MARKET FOR COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL/GOVERNMENT ENERGY
MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 69
FIGURE 21 U.S. COMMERCIAL/MANUFACTURING/GOVERNMENT EMIS TECHNOLOGY
MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 75
FIGURE 22 U.S. RESIDENTIAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS MARKET,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 80
FIGURE 23 U.S. RESIDENTIAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS MARKET
SEGMENTS, 2011-2017 (%) 85
FIGURE 24 U.S. MARKET FOR TRANSPORTATION EMIS, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 94
FIGURE 25 U.S. TRANSPORTATION ENERGY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS
MARKET SEGMENTS, 2011-2017 (%) 97
FIGURE 26 TRENDS IN WORLD GDP, 2007-2013 (ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE) 99
FIGURE 27 PROJECTED GROWTH IN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2017 (CAGR%) 100
FIGURE 28 GLOBAL INVESTMENT TRENDS, 2007-2017 (GLOBAL INVESTMENT AS A
PERCENTAGE OF GDP) 102
FIGURE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EMIS EQUIPMENT AND SERVICES, 2011-2017 (%) 113
FIGURE 30 GLOBAL EMIS MARKET EQUIPMENT/SERVICE SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 114
FIGURE 31 GLOBAL EMIS EQUIPMENT/SERVICE MARKET SHARES, 2011-2017 (%) 115
FIGURE 32 U.S. EMIS PATENT SHARES BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY (%) 143
FIGURE 33 EMIS PATENTS ISSUED THROUGH SEPT. 20, 2012 BY NATIONALITY OF ASSIGNEE
(%) 146

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