Power Line Communications for Smart Grids

  • November 2012
  • -
  • Navigant Research
  • -
  • 12 pages

PRIME, G3-PLC, IEEE P1901.2, Proprietary OFDM, Proprietary N-PLC, and Other Narrowband Solutions for Utility NAN Connectivity

Utilities have been sending data and communications signals through power lines for nearly a century, but the increased deployment of advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) has thrust this type of communication into the spotlight. In particular, metering efforts in Europe and Asia Pacific rely on both proprietary and standards-based implementations of narrowband power line communication (PLC) technology to enable two-way communications between the utility and the meter. These systems open up a new class of applications that will provide both utilities and consumers with greater control over their energy usage.
While there is a wide range of narrowband PLC technologies currently in use, several standards-based technologies are being promoted and deployed, particularly in Europe. These systems not only aid in equipment interoperability, but also drive down the cost of future implementations by utilities that choose to use standardized technologies.
This Pike Research report focuses on the various types of PLC technology used today in each world region, in addition to providing forecasts and insights into the technologies and standards that will be deployed over the next decade, covering the range of technologies used in these networks, including PRIME, G3-PLC, IEEE P1901.2, and various proprietary technologies. Profiles of 8 utilities and 16 key industry vendors are included, along with worldwide market forecasts through 2020, segmented by region and technology, for unit shipments, revenue, and average selling prices.

Key Questions Addressed:

-What are the leading standards used for narrowband PLC?
-Which regions are projected to demonstrate the fastest adoption of PLC?
-To what extent will broadband PLC impact the neighborhood area network communications market?
-What are the major technical challenges involved with PLC?
-How do the various PLC technologies differ, and what are the advantages/disadvantages of each?
-What are the forecasts for unit shipments, revenue, and average selling prices through 2020?

Who needs this report?

-Meter manufacturers
-AMI technology providers and system integrators
-Semiconductor and component manufacturers
-Utilities 
-Technology standards associations
-Investor community

Table Of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary
1.1   Introduction
1.1.1     Types of Narrowband Communications
1.1.2     Broadband over Power Line Communications
1.2   Current Utilization
1.3   Market Forecasts

2.     Market Issues
2.1   PLC and the Smart Grid
2.2   Market Drivers for PLC
2.2.1     Ubiquitous Infrastructure
2.2.2     Wide Area Coverage
2.2.3     Advantageous Cost Structure
2.3   Market Opportunities, Challenges, and Environment
2.3.1     Current Utilization
2.3.2     Technical Challenges
2.3.3     Interoperability and Standards
2.3.4     Market Shifts and Future Utilization
2.4   Current Market Deployments
2.4.1     Key Countries/Regions
2.4.1.1     North America
2.4.1.2     Europe
2.4.1.2.1.             Western Europe
2.4.1.2.2.             Eastern Europe
2.4.1.3     Asia Pacific
2.4.1.3.1.             China
2.4.1.3.2.             Japan
2.4.1.3.3.             South Korea
2.4.1.3.4.             Other Southeast Asian Countries
2.4.1.4     Other Developing Regions
2.4.1.4.1.             Brazil
2.4.1.4.2.             India
2.4.1.4.3.             Middle East and Africa

3.     Technology Issues
3.1   PLC Technology
3.2   PLC Modem Functionality
3.3   Types of Power Line Technology
3.4   Frequency Bands
3.4.1     United States
3.4.2     Europe
3.4.3     Japan
3.4.4     China
3.5   Low-speed PLC Technologies
3.5.1     One-way Communications
3.5.2     Two-way Communications
3.5.3     Configuration
3.5.4     Frequencies
3.5.5     Modulation
3.5.6     Typical Uses
3.5.7     Benefits
3.5.8     Limitations
3.6   Narrowband PLC
3.6.1     Configuration
3.6.2     Frequencies
3.6.3     Modulation
3.6.3.1     PSK
3.6.3.2     FSK/B-FSK
3.6.3.3     QPSK
3.6.3.4     OFDM
3.7   Examples of Popular N-PLC Systems
3.7.1     Turtle by Landis+Gyr
3.7.2     Echelon LonWorks
3.7.3     PoweRline Intelligent Metering Evolution (PRIME)
3.7.4     G3-PLC
3.7.5     Meters and More
3.7.6        IEC 61334 Standards
3.7.7     CENELEC EN 50090 (Konnex/KNX)
3.7.8     IEEE P1901.2
3.7.9     Broadband over Power Line
3.8   Performance Caveats
3.9   Future Developments
3.10 Data Security

4.     Key Industry Players
4.1   Selected Utility Profiles
4.1.1     China Southern Power Grid
4.1.2     Duke Energy
4.1.3     Endesa
4.1.4     Enel
4.1.5     Electricite Reseau Distribution France
4.1.6     Iberdrola
4.1.7     State Grid Corporation of China
4.1.8     Vattenfall AB
4.2   PLC System and Platform Providers
4.2.1     ABB
4.2.2     Aclara
4.2.3     CURRENT
4.2.4     Echelon
4.2.5     Elster
4.2.6     Iskraemeco
4.2.7     Itron
4.2.8     Landis+Gyr
4.2.9     Power Plus Communications
4.3   Semiconductor Companies
4.3.1     Accent S.p.A.
4.3.2     EnVerv
4.3.3     Freescale Semiconductor
4.3.4     Renesas Electronics Corp.
4.3.5     Semitech Semiconductor Pte. Ltd.
4.3.6     STMicroelectronics
4.3.7     Texas Instruments
4.4   Technology Standards Organizations
4.4.1     G3-PLC Alliance
4.4.2     PRIME Alliance
4.4.3     Meters and More
4.4.4     International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
4.4.5     International Electrotechnical Commission

5.     Market Forecasts
5.1   Forecast Introduction
5.1.1     PLC Forecast Methodology
5.2   PLC Forecasts by Region, World Markets
5.3   PLC Forecasts by Technology, World Markets
5.4   PLC Forecasts by Technology, North America
5.5   PLC Forecasts by Technology, Europe
5.5.1     Western Europe
5.5.2     Eastern Europe
5.6   PLC Forecasts by Technology, Asia Pacific
5.6.1     China
5.6.2     Southeast Asia
5.6.3     Rest of Asia Pacific
5.7   PLC Forecasts by Technology, Latin America
5.8   PLC Forecasts by Technology, Middle East and Africa
5.9   Conclusions and Recommendations

6. Company Directory

7. Acronym and Abbreviation List

8. Table of Contents

9. Table of Charts and Figures

10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

PLC Node Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2011-2020
PLC Node Total Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, World Markets: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2011
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, North America: 2011-2020
PLC Node ASP by Technology, North America: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, North America: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node ASP by Technology, Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Western Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Western Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Eastern Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2011-2020
PLC Node ASP by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, China: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, China: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Southeast Asia: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Southeast Asia: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Rest of Asia Pacific: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Latin America: 2011-2020
PLC Node ASP by Technology, Latin America: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Middle East and Africa: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Middle East and Africa: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, United States: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Canada: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Eastern Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Rest of Asia Pacific: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2011-2020
PLC Node ASP by Technology, Middle East and Africa: 2011-2020

List of Tables

Typical Categories of PLC Networking
N-PLC Technologies
Common Frequency Bands for PLC Utility Communications
Comparison of Modulation Schemes
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Region, World Markets: 2011-2020
PLC Node Total Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, World Markets: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, World Markets: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Narrowband Technology, World Markets: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Narrowband Technology, World Markets: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Region and Technology, World Markets: 2011
PLC Node Revenue by Region and Technology, World Markets: 2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, North America: 2011-2020
PLC Node ASP by Technology, North America: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, North America: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, United States: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, United States: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Canada: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Canada: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node ASP by Technology, Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Western Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Western Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Eastern Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Eastern Europe: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2011-2020
PLC Node ASP by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Asia Pacific: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, China: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, China: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Southeast Asia: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Southeast Asia: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Rest of Asia Pacific: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Rest of Asia Pacific: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Latin America: 2011-2020
PLC Node ASP by Technology, Latin America: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Latin America: 2011-2020
PLC Node Unit Shipments by Technology, Middle East and Africa: 2011-2020
PLC Node ASP by Technology, Middle East and Africa: 2011-2020
PLC Node Revenue by Technology, Middle East and Africa: 2011-2020

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