The market for mechanical biological treatment plants (MBT plants) keeps growing. The number of MBT plants in Europe increased by almost 60 per cent to more than 330 plants between 2005 and 2011. Within the same period, treatment capacities grew by about 70 per cent to 33 million annual tons. And this growth will continue in the next five years: we expect the number of plants to increase to about 450 and the capacity to increase to 46 million annual tons.
The EU Landfill Directive especially restricts the landfilling of biodegradable waste and stipulates a pre-treatment of municipal wastes. In terms of this type of treatment, MBT technology is currently the only alternative to waste incineration, which in many cases is not favoured politically. At the same time, MBT plants benefit from the growing demand for the high-grade refuse-derived fuel they produce: in times of increasing energy prices, it has become an in demand fuel for cement mills, RDF power plants or even coal-fired power plants.

In light of this development, ecoprog GmbH analysed the European MBT market in detail. This study includes our own market knowledge as well as the expertise of public administrations, business associations and operators.

The up to date analysis of figures, facts, estimations and trends in the European market for mechanical biological treatment plants is of interest for disposal companies, suppliers, operators, business associations, research institutes and consultants.

The analyst version of the market study “The European Market for MBT Plants 2011/2012” includes:
• A detailed analysis of the pros and cons, technology and costs of mechanical biological waste treatment including all political and economic trends of the European market.
• A precise description of the present and the future market volumes by countries, up to and including 2015, based on a transparent and comprehensible methodology.
• An analysis and description of the most important operators and plant manufacturers in Europe.

Table Of Contents


Content

Preface for the analyst version 10
Preface 11
Management Summary 13
1 Differentiation 16
1.1 Process steps 16
1.2 Input 17
1.3 Output 18
1.4 Geographical differentiation 21
2 Plant technology 22
2.1 Delivery and first storage 23
2.2 Mechanical treatment 23
2.3 Biological treatment 26
2.4 Interim storage 29
2.5 Exhaust air treatment 29
3 Costs and revenues 30
3.1 Investment costs 31
3.2 Treatment costs 32
3.3 Revenues 35
4 Market factors 37
4.1 EU regulatory policy stimulates waste treatment 37
4.2 Increasing demand for RDF improves investment climate 44
4.3 MBT versus waste incineration 46
5 The European MBT market 53
5.1 Existing plants 53
5.2 Market volumes 56
6 Competition 62
6.1 Operators 62
6.2 Technology providers 63
7 National markets 73
Austria 73
Belgium 77
Bulgaria 79
Cyprus 82
Czech Republic 85
Denmark 88
Estonia 90
Finland 94
France 96
Germany 102
Greece 107
Hungary 111
Iceland 115
Ireland 117
Italy 120
Latvia 125
Lithuania 127
Luxembourg 130
Malta 132
Netherlands 135
Norway 138
Poland 141
Portugal 145
Romania 149
Slovakia 152
Slovenia 154
Spain 157
Sweden 162
Switzerland 164
United Kingdom 166
Glossary 171
Methodology / data 172

Table of figures

Figure 1: Simplified MBT plant flowchart 16
Figure 2: Overview of the different MBT plant feedstocks 17
Figure 3: Different waste treatment plants by process steps, input and output 20
Figure 4: Geographical differentiation of the analysed markets 21
Figure 5: MBT plant flowchart 22
Figure 6: Technologies for waste preparation 24
Figure 7: Technologies for waste separation 25
Figure 8: Exemplary MBT plant diagram 28
Figure 9: Examples of investment sums for new construction projects* 30
Figure 10: Overview investment sum 31
Figure 11: Composition of the overall treatment costs 33
Figure 12: Operating costs (without disposal and transport costs) 34
Figure 13: Market factors for MBT plants 37
Figure 14: Development of waste law in the EU 38
Figure 15: Traget of the landfill directive 40
Figure 16: Share of landfilling per country (2009) 41
Figure 17: Waste hierarchy, here: EU Waste Framework Directive 42
Figure 18: Calorific values of selected fuels 44
Figure 19: Coal and oil prices in Europe 1987-2010 45
Figure 20: MBT vs. waste incineration - pros and cons 46
Figure 21: Price development of selected recycling materials in €/Mg 49
Figure 22: Transport routes to a treatment plant in a rural area 50
Figure 23: Space requirement of a megagram of municipal waste 51
Figure 24: Plants in Europe 53
Figure 25: Treatment capacities in Europe 54
Figure 26: MBT capacities per head of the population 55
Figure 27: Average size of MBT plants 56
Figure 28: Annual new construction and additional installed treatment capacities 57
Figure 29: Development of MBT plants and capacities 2005-2016 58
Figure 30: Forecast MBT plants by region 59
Figure 31: Forecast MBT capacities by region 60
Figure 32: Selected European MBT plant operators 62
Figure 33: Treatment of amount of municipal waste in Austria 2001-2009 73
Figure 34: Market forecast Austria 75
Figure 35: Project outlook Austria 75
Figure 36: Locations of plants and projects in Austria 2011 76
Figure 37: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Belgium 2002-2009 77
Figure 38: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Bulgaria 2002-2009 79
Figure 39: Project outlook Bulgaria 81
Figure 40: Market forecast Bulgaria 81
Figure 41: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Cyprus 2002-2009 82
Figure 42: Market forecast Cyprus 83
Figure 43: Project outlook Cyprus 84
Figure 44: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in the Czech Republic 2002-2009 85
Figure 45: Project outlook Czech Republic 86
Figure 46: Market forecast Czech Republic 87
Figure 47: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Denmark 2002-2009 88
Figure 48: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Estonia 2002-2009 90
Figure 49: Project outlook Estonia 91
Figure 50: Market forecast Estonia 92
Figure 51: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Finland 2002-2009 94
Figure 52: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in France 2002-2009 96
Figure 53: Market forecast France 98
Figure 54: Project outlook France 98
Figure 55: Locations of plants and projects in France 2011 101
Figure 56: Treatment of amount of municipal waste in Germany 2004-2009 103
Figure 57: Market forecast Germany 105
Figure 58: Locations of plants and projects in Germany 2011 106
Figure 59: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Greece 2002-2009 107
Figure 60: Market forecast Greece 109
Figure 61: Project outlook Greece 109
Figure 62: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Hungary 2002-2009 112
Figure 63: Project outlook Hungary 113
Figure 64: Market forecast Hungary 113
Figure 65: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Iceland 2002-2009 115
Figure 66: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Ireland 2002-2009 117
Figure 67: Market forecast Ireland 119
Figure 68: Project outlook Ireland 119
Figure 69: Treatment of amount of municipal waste in Italy 2003-2009 121
Figure 70: Project outlook Italy 122
Figure 71: Market forecast Italy 123
Figure 72: Locations of plants and projects in Italy 2011 124
Figure 73: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Latvia 2002-2009 125
Figure 74: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Lithuania 2002-2009 127
Figure 75: Project outlook Lithuania 128
Figure 76: Market forecast Lithuania 129
Figure 77: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Luxembourg 2002-2009 130
Figure 78: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Malta 2002-2009 132
Figure 79: Market forecast Malta 133
Figure 80: Project outlook Malta 134
Figure 81: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in the Netherlands 2002-2009 135
Figure 82: Project outlook in the Netherlands 136
Figure 83: Market forecast for the Netherlands 137
Figure 84: Treatment of amount of municipal waste in Norway 2002-2009 138
Figure 85: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Poland 2002-2009 141
Figure 86: Project outlook Poland 142
Figure 87: Market forecast Poland 143
Figure 88: Locations of plants and projects in Poland 2011 144
Figure 89: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Portugal 2002-2009 145
Figure 90: Project outlook Portugal 146
Figure 91: Market forecast Portugal 147
Figure 92: Locations of plants and projects in Portugal 2011 148
Figure 93: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Romania 2002-2009 149
Figure 94: Market forecast Romania 151
Figure 95: Project outlook Romania 151
Figure 96: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Slovakia 2002-2009 152
Figure 97: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Slovenia 2002-2009 154
Figure 98: Market forecast Slovenia 155
Figure 99: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Spain 2002-2009 158
Figure 100: Market forecast Spain 159
Figure 101: Project outlook Spain 159
Figure 102: Locations of plants and projects in Spain 2011 161
Figure 103: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Sweden 2002-2009 162
Figure 104: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in Switzerland 2002-2009 164
Figure 105: Treatment of amount of municipal waste per head in the United Kingdom 2002-2009 166
Figure 106: Market forecast United Kingdom 168
Figure 107: Project outlook United Kingdom 168
Figure 108: Locations of plants and projects in the United Kingdom 2011 170

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