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INTRODUCTION

Photonic crystals are waiting to get their rightful due after spending almost a century in relative obscurity. A combination of technology and business factors has kept large-scale commercialization of photonic crystals in particular and photonic circuitry in general at bay.

The principal reason for the lack of enthusiasm for embracing this technology is the unwillingness and apprehension involved in exploring alternatives to well-oiled and well-established fabrication processes. Most of these conventional processes, however, are facing the ends of their lives because they have reached their physical limits. Photonic crystal-driven sensing, which promises switching at speeds much higher than that which is delivered by present-day technologies, is therefore poised to gain greater acceptance in various industries.

To be fair, the extent of risk involved in such migration without the technology having being developed to a foolproof state is cripplingly high, but photonic crystal stakeholders have no reason to lose heart, as there are multiple avenues for monetizing them through an array of components and modules.

This report, which covers the market potential for such modules and components, does not claim to include an exhaustive list. It is indeed possible for photonic crystals to be employed in other areas. These modules and components have been selected because there are demonstrated instances of successful adoption of photonic crystals in these applications.

By charting the market potential for these modules and components, this report presents the full extent of the promise of photonic crystals through 2017.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This study’s goals and objectives are:

To measure and forecast the market size for overall components and modules internalizing photonic crystals in value terms for each individual component and module, as well as in volume terms wherever possible.
To break down the overall photonic crystal market along individual components and modules, including:
Light-emitting devices or diodes (LEDs).
Solar and photovoltaic (PV) cells.
Displays.
Biosensors.
Image sensors.
Optical fibers.
Discrete and integrated optical components.
Lasers and supercontinuum sources.
To break down the individual photonic crystal component and module market along business markets, including:
Automotive.
Energy, utilities and lighting.
Medicine.
Telecom.
Industrial and scientific.
Defense, surveillance and aerospace.
Computing and consumer electronics.
White goods.
Office space.
To break down the individual photonic crystal component and module market along photonic crystal dimensions, including the three-dimensional market.
To break down the individual photonic crystal component and module market along specific geographic regions:
Americas.
Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA).
Asia-Pacific (APAC)
To break down the individual photonic crystal components and modules market along the following countries in value and volume terms:
U.S.
Brazil.
Canada.
Mexico.
Germany.
U.K.
France.
Italy.
Spain.
Russia.
The Netherlands.
Turkey.
China.
Japan.
India.
Indonesia.
South Korea.
To analyze the stakeholder landscape in the photonic crystal commercialization endeavors.
To analyze the patenting activity involving photonic crystals.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

BCC Research published its earlier report on photonic crystals in the middle of 2011. The reason for the quick review is the rapid changes in the prospects of photonic crystal components over 2011 and 2012. To be sure, the fundamentals of photonic crystals remain unchanged, as does the list of key components that will be monetized earlier than others. There are certain significant changes in the prospects of the components themselves that have prompted a second look. An additional prompting factor has been the relative lack of breakthrough in fabrication techniques that can prompt large-scale integration of photonic crystals with these modules and components. The ongoing economic and political crises in the European Union (EU), as well as in the Middle East and the South China Sea, have also contributed to the recalibration of the forecast. The review reassesses the strategies of key stakeholders, and records and analyzes latest developments.

A significant value addition facilitated by the review is the breakdown of individual photonic crystal components by key country markets. This breakdown provides an opportunity for analysis of the potential for photonic crystals to newer levels of refinement.

In the larger context, the principal objective of this report is to chart the progress of a technology that is acquiring increasing surety and self-confidence across multiple domains. Photonic crystals have been the classic underachievers in that they have been full of promise and sound in theory but poor on implementation.

BCC Research forecasts that photonic crystals will witness an upswing in industry interest across several domains and applications. Photonic crystals can indeed rival electrons in terms of sheer versatility. In this context, it is interesting to note the approach adopted by different stakeholders toward photonic crystals. The report will provide a quantitative roadmap that will unravel this approach.

A dilemma that one faces with a technology such as photonic crystals is to accurately chart its scope. The simplicity of its technical premise opens doors to numerous integration possibilities. This report aims to sift out the most relevant and timely integration approaches by identifying specific components and modules that are most likely to emerge as the largest adopters of photonic crystals in near future. Thus, the reader can derive an accurate estimate of the market size of not just the overall picture, but also of specific components and modules in terms of business markets, geography to regions and dimensions of the photonic crystals employed.

SCOPE OF THE REPORT

The report forecasts the size of the market in current U.S. dollars for overall components and modules internalizing photonic crystals in value terms for each individual component, as well as in module and volume terms wherever possible, from 2012 through 2017.

The report forecasts the market size for:

Photonic crystal-enabled components and modules such as LEDs, solar and PV cells, displays, biosensors, image sensors, optical fibers, discrete and integrated optical components, and lasers and supercontinuum sources.
Forecasts are classified on the basis of end application market, photonic crystal dimension, geographic region and individual country markets.

The Executive Summary provides a snapshot of key findings of the report.

The chapter discussing the theoretical overview of photonic crystals provides an overview of the market size of components and modules internalizing photonic crystals from 2010 through 2017. It also lays down the theoretical ground for better appreciation of the technology and commercial promise of photonic crystals across applications and domains.

The chapter on global markets for photonic crystal components and modules provides a detailed analysis of the present-day state of the art in photonic crystal applications. It also deals with individual components and modules in which photonic crystals are poised to make the most prominent marks. It discusses the market potential in terms of markets, dimensions and geographic regions. It uncovers the basic theory behind the running of these modules, and then emphasizes the advantages ushered by photonic crystals over conventional methods and material.

The chapter on regional analysis for the Americas presents an overview of the region and the overall market metrics, followed by analyses of individual countries such as the U.S., Brazil, Canada and Mexico.

The chapter on vendor and stakeholder analysis lists and explains the major stakeholder classes engaged in photonic crystal commercialization. It also analyzes the activities of key players in this domain.

The U.S. Patent Analysis chapter highlights the patenting activity underway in the area of photonic crystals. The chapter classifies the patents awarded according to functional categories such as design innovations; energy applications of photonic crystals; fabrication and synthesis methodologies; integrated circuits and quantum dots; laser applications of photonic crystals; lighting applications of photonic crystals; photonic crystal fiber applications; sensor applications of photonic crystals and telecommunications applications of photonic crystals.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report will be relevant to:

Photonic crystal technology experts to identify the key components and modules that hold greatest promise for their technology adoption.
Experts and those involved with the development of components and modules to assess the benefits of employment of photonic crystals in their offerings and the market potential for such adoptions.
End-application device vendors who can benefit from the superior material attributes of photonic crystals and enhance the value of their products.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in this study. Industry experts were interviewed; secondary sources included industry consortia, individual company financial statements, published opinions and other published sources.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Kaustubha Parkhi has worked in a wide range of functional roles with leading telecommunications operators and service providers such as Reliance Infocomm, Ramco Systems and BPL Cellular. He has written on an array of telecommunications and electronics-related subjects based on his critical analysis of the underlying technology and its business impact. Kaustubha holds a Bachelor of Engineering (Equivalent of Bachelor of Science) in Electronics and Telecommunications, as well as an MBA in Systems.

Table Of Contents

Global Markets and Technologies for Photonic Crystals -- Focus on the Americas
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 3
SCOPE OF THE REPORT 3
INTENDED AUDIENCE 4
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 5
ABOUT THE AUTHOR 5
RELATED REPORTS 5
BCC ON-LINE SERVICES 5
DISCLAIMER 6
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 8
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 8
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET, 2010-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 8
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 12
PHOTONIC CRYSTAL BASICS 12
WHY ARE PHOTONIC CRYSTALS PROMISING? 12
LARGER CONTEXT 12
SPECIFIC ATTRIBUTES OF PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 13
TABLE 1 IMPORTANT BENEFITS OF THE PHOTONIC BAND GAP IN PHOTONIC
CRYSTAL STRUCTURES 14
TABLE 2 MARKETABLE FUNCTIONAL ATTRIBUTES OF PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 14
MARKET OVERVIEW 15
MARKETS 15
TABLE 3 COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
MARKET BY INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 16
PHOTONIC CRYSTAL DIMENSIONS 17
TABLE 4 COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
MARKET BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 18
GEOGRAPHIC REGIONS 18
TABLE 5 COMPONENTS AND MODULES MARKET USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 19
Americas 19
Europe, Middle East and Africa 19
Asia-Pacific 20
ANALOGY OF PHOTONICS WITH ELECTRONICS 20
THEORETICAL PREMISE 20
ELECTRON MOVEMENT IN SEMICONDUCTORS 20
WHERE DO PHOTONIC CRYSTALS FIT IN? 21
PRACTICAL RELEVANCE 22
EFFECT OF THE DIELECTRIC CONSTANT OF THE MEDIUM ON LIGHT 22
THEORETICAL PREMISE 22
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE REFRACTIVE INDEX AND THE
DIELECTRIC CONSTANT 22
PRACTICAL RELEVANCE 23
DIFFRACTION 23
THEORETICAL PREMISE 23
PRACTICAL RELEVANCE 24
PHOTONIC BANDS AND BAND GAP 25
THEORETICAL PREMISE 25
PRACTICAL RELEVANCE 25
CRYSTAL MATERIAL 25
THEORETICAL PREMISE 25
PRACTICAL RELEVANCE 26
Silicon and the Carbon Family 26
Titanium Family 27
Boron Family 27
DIMENSIONAL ASPECT 27
THEORETICAL PREMISE 27
PRACTICAL RELEVANCE 27
TABLE 6 PHOTONIC CRYSTAL STRUCTURE TYPES 28
Three-Dimensional Photonic Crystals 28
FABRICATION AND ITS GENERATIONS 29
PHOTONIC CRYSTAL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY 29
PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FABRICATION MECHANICS 30
Designed Defects 30
Point Defects 30
Linear Defects 30
Superprism Effect 31
PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FIBER FABRICATION 31
ELECTRON BEAM LITHOGRAPHY 32
INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FABRICATION 33
NANOIMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY 33
Nanoimprint Lithography Solutions from Obducat 34
DIRECT THREE-DIMENSIONAL MOLDING 35
MULTIPLEX EXPOSURE HOLOGRAPHIC RECORDING 35
AUTOCLONING 35
SELF-ASSEMBLY 36
CHAPTER 4 GLOBAL MARKETS FOR PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, COMPONENTS AND
MODULES 38
LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES 39
MARKET DYNAMICS 39
Overall Picture 39
TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNITS MILLIONS) 39
Market Breakdown 40
TABLE 8 LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 40
TABLE 9 LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS SHIPMENT
VOLUME BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 41
Dimension Breakdown 41
TABLE 10 MARKET FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 42
TABLE 11 SHIPMENT VOLUME FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 (UNITS
MILLIONS) 42
Regional Breakdown 42
TABLE 12 MARKET FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 42
TABLE 13 SHIPMENT VOLUME FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 43
INTRODUCTION 44
Appealing Factors 44
Theory behind Light-Emitting Device Operations 44
Organic Light-Emitting Diodes 45
VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 46
Photonic Crystals as Diffraction Gratings 47
Photonic Band Gap-Based Filtering 48
Benefits of Applications of Photonic Crystals in Light-Emitting
Devices 48
SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS 49
MARKET DYNAMICS 49
Overall Picture 49
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 49
Market Breakdown 50
TABLE 15 SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 50
TABLE 16 SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
SHIPMENT VOLUME BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT
MILLIONS) 51
Dimension Breakdown 51
TABLE 17 MARKET FOR SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 52
TABLE 18 SHIPMENT VOLUME FOR SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017
(UNIT MILLIONS) 52
Regional Breakdown 52
TABLE 19 MARKET FOR SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 52
TABLE 20 SHIPMENT VOLUME FOR SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 53
INTRODUCTION 54
Traditional Solar Cells 54
Thin-Film Cells: The Path Toward Alternatives to Silicon 55
Organic Solar and Photovoltaic Cells 55
VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 56
Implications of Employment of Photonic Crystals in Solar Cells 57
DISPLAYS 57
MARKET DYNAMICS 57
Overall Picture 57
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 57
Market Breakdown 58
TABLE 22 VALUE OF DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 59
TABLE 23 SHIPMENT VOLUME DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 60
Dimension Breakdown 60
TABLE 24 MARKET FOR DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
TABLE 25 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 (UNITS MILLIONS) 61
Regional Breakdown 61
TABLE 26 MARKET FOR DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
TABLE 27 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 62
INTRODUCTION 63
Liquid-Crystal Display 63
VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 65
Photonic Inks 65
Photonic Ink from Opalux 65
Electrical Activation 66
BIOSENSORS 66
MARKET DYNAMICS 66
Overall Picture 66
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 66
Market Breakdown 67
TABLE 29 BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY MARKET SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 68
Dimension Breakdown 68
TABLE 30 MARKET FOR BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 69
Regional Breakdown 69
TABLE 31 MARKET FOR BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 69
INTRODUCTION 70
VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 70
SRU Biosystems 71
University of Illinois 71
IMAGE SENSORS 72
MARKET DYNAMICS 72
Overall Picture 72
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 72
Market Breakdown 73
TABLE 33 IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY MARKET
SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 34 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 74
Dimension Breakdown 74
TABLE 35 MARKET FOR IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 36 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 75
Regional Breakdown 75
TABLE 37 MARKET FOR IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 38 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 76
INTRODUCTION 77
Lenses 77
Image Sensors 78
Charged Coupled Devices 78
Complimentary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Sensors 79
Red Blue Green (RGB) Readout 80
VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 81
Limitations of Complimentary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Sensors 81
Suitability of Photonic Crystal Sensors 81
Suitability of Photonic Crystal Lenses 82
Photonic Crystal-Image Sensor from Panasonic 82
Photonic Crystal Lens from Aptina 82
Autocloning Technology from Photonic Lattice 82
Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals from Micron 83
OPTICAL FIBERS 83
MARKET DYNAMICS 83
Overall Picture 83
TABLE 39 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/KM PAIR, MILLIONS) 84
Market Breakdown 84
TABLE 40 VALUE OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 85
TABLE 41 SHIPMENT UNITS OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 (KM PAIR MILLIONS) 85
Dimension Breakdown 86
TABLE 42 OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET BY
CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 86
TABLE 43 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 (KM PAIR MILLIONS) 87
Regional Breakdown 87
TABLE 44 MARKET FOR OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 45 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (KM PAIR MILLIONS) 88
INTRODUCTION 88
VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 90
Benefits of Usage of Photonic Crystals 91
Birefringence Value Addition 92
Low Birefringence 92
Large Birefringence 92
Photonic Crystal Fiber Classes 92
TABLE 46 IMPORTANT FEATURES OF PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FIBERS 93
Commercialization Issues 93
Photonic Crystal Fiber Sensors 94
Medical Application of Photonic Crystal Fiber: OmniGuide 94
DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL COMPONENTS 94
MARKET DYNAMICS 95
Overall Picture 95
TABLE 47 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS/UNITS MILLIONS) 95
Market Breakdown 96
TABLE 48 VALUE OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL COMPONENTS
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 96
TABLE 49 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY MARKET SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 97
Dimension Breakdown 97
TABLE 50 MARKET FOR DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 51 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION,
THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 98
Regional Breakdown 98
TABLE 52 MARKET FOR DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 53 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017
(UNIT MILLIONS) 99
INTRODUCTION 100
Photonic Integration Drivers 100
VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 101
Transceivers 101
Polarizers 101
Planar Polarizers 102
Fiber Polarizers 102
Multiplexers 102
Modulators 103
Photonic-Integrated Circuits from NeoPhotonics 103
LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES 103
MARKET DYNAMICS 104
Overall Picture 104
TABLE 54 GLOBAL MARKET FOR LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 104
Market Breakdown 104
TABLE 55 VALUE OF LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY BUSINESS MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 105
Dimension Breakdown 105
TABLE 56 MARKET FOR LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 106
Regional Breakdown 106
TABLE 57 MARKET FOR LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 106
INTRODUCTION 107
Laser Applications 107
Operating Principle 108
Continuous Wave and Pulsed Lasers 109
Lasers Types 109
VALUE ADDED BY PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 109
Fiber Lasers: The Template for Photonic Crystals to Penetrate into
the Laser Domain 109
Fiber Laser Benefits 109
Fiber Laser Morphology 110
Double-Clad Optical Fibers: A Special Case for Fiber Lasers 110
Photonic Crystal Fiber in Fiber Laser Applications 111
Benefits of Photonic Crystal Fiber Lasers over Conventional Fiber
Lasers 112
Photonic Crystal Fiber Lasers and Supercontinuum Generation 114
Self-Phase Modulation 115
Raman Scattering 115
Four-Wave Mixing 115
Photonic Crystal Fibers and Supercontinuum 115
NKT Photonics Photonic Crystal Fiber Portfolio for Powering Fiber
Lasers and Supercontinuum 117
CHAPTER 5 AMERICAS REGIONAL ANALYSIS 119
SNAPSHOT OF KEY COUNTRY MARKETS IN THE REGION 119
TABLE 58 AMERICAS COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 119
INDIVIDUAL COMPONENT PROSPECTS 120
TABLE 59 AMERICAS LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 120
TABLE 60 MARKET FOR AMERICAS SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 120
TABLE 61 MARKET FOR AMERICAS DISPLAYS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 121
TABLE 62 MARKET FOR AMERICAS BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 122
TABLE 63 MARKET FOR AMERICAS IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 123
TABLE 64 MARKET FOR AMERICAS OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 123
TABLE 65 MARKET FOR AMERICAS DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 124
TABLE 66 MARKET FOR AMERICAS LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM
SOURCES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 124
MAJOR COUNTRY PROFILES 125
U.S. 125
Macroeconomic Overview 125
Focus on Individual Components 125
TABLE 67 U.S. LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 126
TABLE 68 U.S. SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 126
TABLE 69 U.S. DISPLAYS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS SALES, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 127
TABLE 70 U.S. BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 127
TABLE 71 U.S. IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 128
TABLE 72 U.S. OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/KM PAIR MILLIONS) 128
TABLE 73 U.S. DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL COMPONENTS USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT
MILLIONS) 129
TABLE 74 U.S. LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 129
BRAZIL 130
Macroeconomic Overview 130
Focus on Individual Components 130
TABLE 75 BRAZILIAN LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 130
TABLE 76 BRAZILIAN SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 131
TABLE 77 BRAZILIAN DISPLAYS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 131
TABLE 78 BRAZILIAN BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 131
TABLE 79 BRAZILIAN IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 132
TABLE 80 BRAZILIAN OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/KM PAIR MILLIONS) 132
TABLE 81 BRAZILIAN DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL COMPONENTS
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT
MILLIONS) 133
TABLE 82 BRAZILIAN LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 133
CANADA 133
Macroeconomic Overview 133
Focus on Individual Components 134
TABLE 83 CANADIAN LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 134
TABLE 84 CANADIAN SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 134
TABLE 85 CANADIAN DISPLAYS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 135
TABLE 86 CANADIAN BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 135
TABLE 87 CANADIAN IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 135
TABLE 88 CANADIAN OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/KM PAIR MILLIONS) 136
TABLE 89 CANADIAN DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL COMPONENTS
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT
MILLIONS) 137
TABLE 90 CANADIAN LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 137
MEXICO 137
Macroeconomic Overview 137
Focus on Individual Components 138
TABLE 91 MEXICAN LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 138
TABLE 92 MEXICAN SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 138
TABLE 93 MEXICAN DISPLAYS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 139
TABLE 94 MEXICAN BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 139
TABLE 95 MEXICAN IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 140
TABLE 96 MEXICAN OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/KM PAIR MILLIONS) 140
TABLE 97 MEXICAN DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL COMPONENTS
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT
MILLIONS) 141
TABLE 98 MEXICAN LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 141
CHAPTER 6 VENDOR AND STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS 143
UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCH LABORATORIES 143
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FROM RESEARCH LABORATORIES 143
TABLE 99 RESEARCH CENTERS WITH EXTENSIVE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
IN PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 144
OPTICAL FIBER AND LASER SPECIALISTS 144
INTEGRATED SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE MANUFACTURERS 145
OPTIC-FOCUSED STARTUPS 145
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ACCUMULATORS 145
LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE MAJORS 145
HIGH-TECH DEFENSE AND AEROSPACE SUPPLIERS 146
END-USER DEVICE DEVELOPERS 146
COMPANY PROFILES 146
AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES 146
Focus on Photonic Crystals 146
Business Profiles Catered 147
Qualitative Analysis 147
CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA 148
Focus on Photonic Crystals 148
Business Profiles Catered 149
Qualitative Analysis 149
CORNING INCORPORATED 149
Focus on Photonic Crystals 149
Business Profiles Catered 150
Qualitative Analysis 150
EPISTAR 151
Focus on Photonic Crystals 151
Business Profiles Catered 151
Qualitative Analysis 151
FIANIUM 152
Focus on Photonic Crystals 152
Business Profiles Catered 153
Qualitative Analysis 153
FURUKAWA ELECTRIC 153
Focus on Photonic Crystals 154
Business Profiles Catered 154
Qualitative Analysis 154
GLOPHOTONICS 154
Focus on Photonic Crystals 155
Business Profiles Catered 155
Qualitative Analysis 155
NANOBRICK 155
Focus on Photonic Crystals 156
Business Profiles Catered 156
Qualitative Analysis 156
PANORAMA SYNERGY 156
Focus on Photonic Crystals 157
Business Profiles Catered 157
Qualitative Analysis 157
HEWLETT-PACKARD DEVELOPMENT COMPANY L.P. 157
Focus on Photonic Crystals 158
Business Profiles Catered 158
Qualitative Analysis 158
FLIR (FORMERLY ICX PHOTONICS) 159
Focus on Photonic Crystals 159
Business Profiles Catered 159
Qualitative Analysis 160
LG INNOTEK 160
Focus on Photonic Crystals 160
Business Profiles Catered 160
Qualitative Analysis 161
LUMINUS DEVICES INC. 161
Focus on Photonic Crystals 161
Business Profiles Catered 161
Qualitative Analysis 162
LUXTALTEK CORPORATION 162
Focus on Photonic Crystals 162
Business Profiles Catered 162
Qualitative Analysis 163
MICROCONTINUUM AND LIGHTWAVE POWER 163
Focus on Photonic Crystals 163
Business Profiles Catered 164
Qualitative Analysis 164
LOCKHEED MARTIN AND SANDIA CORPORATION 164
Focus on Photonic Crystals 165
Business Profiles Catered 165
Qualitative Analysis 165
MICRON TECHNOLOGY 166
Focus on Photonic Crystals 166
Business Profiles Catered 166
Qualitative Analysis 166
NEC CORPORATION 166
Focus on Photonic Crystals 167
Business Profiles Catered 167
Qualitative Analysis 167
NKT PHOTONICS 167
Focus on Photonic Crystals 168
Business Profiles Catered 168
Qualitative Analysis 169
OBDUCAT 169
Focus on Photonic Crystals 169
Business Profiles Catered 169
Qualitative Analysis 169
OMNIGUIDE 170
Focus on Photonic Crystals 170
Business Profiles Catered 170
Qualitative Analysis 170
OPALUX 171
Focus on Photonic Crystals 171
Mechanical Activation (Compressible Photonic Colors) 171
Chemical Activation 172
Business Profiles Catered 172
Future Initiatives 172
Qualitative Analysis 172
PANASONIC 173
Overall Profile of the Institution 173
Focus on Photonic Crystals 173
Business Profiles Catered 174
Qualitative Analysis 174
PHILIPS LUMILEDS LIGHTING COMPANY LLC 174
Focus on Photonic Crystals 174
Business Profiles Catered 175
Qualitative Analysis 175
PHOTEON TECHNOLOGIES GMBH 175
Focus on Photonic Crystals 176
Business Profiles Catered 176
Qualitative Analysis 176
PHOTONIC LATTICE INC. 177
Focus on Photonic Crystals 177
Business Profiles Catered 177
Qualitative Analysis 177
ROHM CO. LTD. 177
Focus on Photonic Crystals 178
Business Profiles Catered 178
Qualitative Analysis 178
SAMSUNG 179
Focus on Photonic Crystals 179
Business Profiles Catered 179
Qualitative Analysis 179
SRU BIOSYSTEMS 180
Focus on Photonic Crystals 180
Business Profiles Catered 180
Qualitative Analysis 180
TDK CORPORATION 181
Focus on Photonic Crystals 181
Business Profiles Catered 181
Qualitative Analysis 182
XEROX CORPORATION AND PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER 182
Focus on Photonic Crystals 182
Business Profiles Catered 183
Qualitative Analysis 183
CHAPTER 7 U.S. PATENT ANALYSIS 185
INTRODUCTION 185
TRENDS BY FUNCTIONAL CATEGORIES 185
TABLE 100 U.S. PATENTS IN PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY PATENT CATEGORY,
1976-MARCH 2011 190
TRENDS BY YEAR 190
TABLE 101 U.S. PATENT TRENDS IN PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY GRANT YEAR,
1976-MARCH 2011 190
TRENDS BY COUNTRY 191
TABLE 102 U.S. PATENT SHARES IN PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY COUNTRY OF
GRANT, 1976-NOVEMBER 2012 191
TRENDS BY ASSIGNEE 192
TABLE 103 ASSIGNEES FOR THE U.S. IN PHOTONIC CRYSTALS,
1976-NOVEMBER 2012 192
TABLE 104 ASSIGNEES OF FOUR OR MORE U.S. PATENTS IN PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS, 1976-NOVEMBER 2012 197

LIST OF TABLES
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 8
TABLE 1 IMPORTANT BENEFITS OF THE PHOTONIC BAND GAP IN PHOTONIC
CRYSTAL STRUCTURES 14
TABLE 2 MARKETABLE FUNCTIONAL ATTRIBUTES OF PHOTONIC CRYSTALS 14
TABLE 3 COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET
BY INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 16
TABLE 4 COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET
BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 18
TABLE 5 COMPONENTS AND MODULES MARKET USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 19
TABLE 6 PHOTONIC CRYSTAL STRUCTURE TYPES 28
TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNITS MILLIONS) 39
TABLE 8 LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY MARKET
SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 40
TABLE 9 LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS SHIPMENT
VOLUME BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 41
TABLE 10 MARKET FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 42
TABLE 11 SHIPMENT VOLUME FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 (UNITS
MILLIONS) 42
TABLE 12 MARKET FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 42
TABLE 13 SHIPMENT VOLUME FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 43
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 49
TABLE 15 SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 50
TABLE 16 SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
SHIPMENT VOLUME BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 51
TABLE 17 MARKET FOR SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 52
TABLE 18 SHIPMENT VOLUME FOR SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT
MILLIONS) 52
TABLE 19 MARKET FOR SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 52
TABLE 20 SHIPMENT VOLUME FOR SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 53
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 57
TABLE 22 VALUE OF DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 59
TABLE 23 SHIPMENT VOLUME DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 60
TABLE 24 MARKET FOR DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
TABLE 25 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 (UNITS MILLIONS) 61
TABLE 26 MARKET FOR DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
TABLE 27 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISPLAY PANELS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 62
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 66
TABLE 29 BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY MARKET SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 68
TABLE 30 MARKET FOR BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 69
TABLE 31 MARKET FOR BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 69
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 33 IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY MARKET
SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 34 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 74
TABLE 35 MARKET FOR IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 36 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 37 MARKET FOR IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 38 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 39 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/KM PAIR, MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 40 VALUE OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 85
TABLE 41 SHIPMENT UNITS OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 (KM PAIR MILLIONS) 85
TABLE 42 OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET BY CRYSTAL
DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 86
TABLE 43 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 (KM PAIR MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 44 MARKET FOR OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 45 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 (KM PAIR MILLIONS) 88
TABLE 46 IMPORTANT FEATURES OF PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FIBERS 93
TABLE 47 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS/UNITS MILLIONS) 95
TABLE 48 VALUE OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL COMPONENTS
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 96
TABLE 49 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY MARKET SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 50 MARKET FOR DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL COMPONENTS
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 51 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION,
THROUGH 2017 (UNIT MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 52 MARKET FOR DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL COMPONENTS
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 53 SHIPMENT VOLUME OF DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017
(UNIT MILLIONS) 99
TABLE 54 GLOBAL MARKET FOR LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES
USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 104
TABLE 55 VALUE OF LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY BUSINESS MARKET SEGMENT, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 105
TABLE 56 MARKET FOR LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY CRYSTAL DIMENSION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 106
TABLE 57 MARKET FOR LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 106
TABLE 58 AMERICAS COMPONENTS AND MODULES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 119
TABLE 59 AMERICAS LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 120
TABLE 60 MARKET FOR AMERICAS SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 120
TABLE 61 MARKET FOR AMERICAS DISPLAYS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 121
TABLE 62 MARKET FOR AMERICAS BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 122
TABLE 63 MARKET FOR AMERICAS IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 123
TABLE 64 MARKET FOR AMERICAS OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 123
TABLE 65 MARKET FOR AMERICAS DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL
COMPONENTS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 124
TABLE 66 MARKET FOR AMERICAS LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM
SOURCES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2017 ($
MILLIONS) 124
TABLE 67 U.S. LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 126
TABLE 68 U.S. SOLAR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 126
TABLE 69 U.S. DISPLAYS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS SALES, THROUGH 2017
($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 127
TABLE 70 U.S. BIOSENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 127
TABLE 71 U.S. IMAGE SENSORS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 128
TABLE 72 U.S. OPTICAL FIBERS USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/KM PAIR MILLIONS) 128
TABLE 73 U.S. DISCRETE AND INTEGRATED OPTICAL COMPONENTS USING
PHOTONIC CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/UNIT MILLIONS) 129
TABLE 74 U.S. LASERS AND SUPERCONTINUUM SOURCES USING PHOTONIC
CRYSTALS MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 129
TABLE 75 BRAZILIAN LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES USING PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
MARKET, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS/U

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