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The Natural Gas Power Plant Market in Brazil 

  • March 2013
  • 48 pages
  • Frost & Sullivan
Report ID: 1120895

Summary

Table of Contents

The Challenge of Supply Implies Potentially Low Market Growth

The natural gas power plant market in Brazil is facing a period of stagnation because of uncertainty in the supply and pricing of natural gas. This market engineering research service analyzes the natural gas power plant market in Brazil by considering both the effect uncertain supplies of natural gas have on the market and the potential optimism surrounding the market due to natural gas reserves in the Pre-salt layer. Market drivers and restraints are outlined, and market engineering metrics are provided. A revenue forecast is given as is an overview of the market’s competitive landscape. The base year for this service is 2012. The forecast period is 2013 to 2017, and historical data is provided for 2011.

•Most natural gas power plants in Brazil were planned between 2000 and 2002, after an energy crisis resulted in programs for the volunteer rationing of electricity from the end of 2000 to the beginning of 2002.
•At that time, the government structured the Thermoelectricity Priority Programme, or Programa Prioritário de Termeletricidade (PPT), to reduce dependency on hydroelectricity and the risk of another rationing. Besides strategic incentives, the programme offers subsidies that lead to a guaranteed maximum price for natural gas.
•The raw material for natural gas power plants is the main factor impacting the natural gas power plant market. Thus, this service will also discuss data about the natural gas market.
•The main competitor in the natural gas market is Petrobras. Petrobras has a full vertical structure that encompasses all verticals from exploration to power generation.
•Recently, the price of natural gas has started to decrease in many regions because of new reserve discoveries and unconventional gas sales.
•However, in Brazil, the price of natural gas remains higher than in other countries, and the amount of natural gas sold by Petrobras has started to decrease. Petrobras has started to import natural gas, is facing difficulties in acquiring it, and is even offering higher prices for it.
•Unable to predict the quantity of natural gas that will be available, some plants have suspended operations. Some plants are operating with less thanX% of their installed potential.
•The Brazilian government’s plans are to maintain a low growth rate for natural gas that supplies electricity generation, increasing the supply of natural gas for other purposes.
•Of the natural gas power plants that are still in operation, most belong to or are leased by a company with verticals. Some other plants buy gas from regional or foreign distributors.
•Energy acquisition in Brazil depends on demand from utilities. Once demand is determined, the Operator of the National Electricity System (ONS) publishes an invitation for public bids.
•Usually, these energy bids do not differentiate participants by region or type of energy source. Therefore, natural gas power plants have trouble competing with the megawatt-hour (MW/h) prices of companies that use cheaper sources of energy, such as wind energy.
•Since the supply of natural gas for electricity generation has not increased much, the number of new natural gas power plants has decreased. Some engineering project management companies that previously worked on natural gas power plant projects are now developing cogeneration and hydroelectric power plant projects.
•Technological trends in the natural gas market are mostly focused on emissions reductions and the use of methane gas as a fuel.
•Almost all power plants use combined cycle turbines, some of which can achieve efficiency rates of X to X%.

Key Questions This Study Will Answer

Is the natural gas power plant market growing, how long will it grow, and at what rate will it grow?
What is required from competitors in order to succeed in the market?
Will these companies/products/services continue to exist in their current states or will other companies acquire them?
How will the structure of the natural gas power plant market change in time? Is it ripe for acquisitions?
Is the current value chain meeting market needs or is additional development needed?
Do the vendors in the natural gas power plant market need partnerships to take their businesses to the next level?

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