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REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

The global engineering resin and polymer alloy/blend market reached 24.1 billion pounds in 2014. The market is projected to increase to over 25.2 billion pounds by 2015 and nearly 31.4 billion in 2020, with a compound annual growth rate of 4.5%.

This report provides:

-An overview of the global market for engineering resins, along with polymer alloys and blends.
-Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2020.
-Segmentation of resins into a wide variety of applications as well as selected commodity thermoplastics and thermosets.
-Discussion of the major materials involved in terms of plant capacities, markets by application, new technologies and products, and rationales for anticipated growth.
-Coverage of key applications, including automotive segmented by under-the-hood, external and interior products; electrical/electronic markets; medical devices/products; building/construction materials; appliances; electronic enclosures; plastic rigid food packaging; and several key smaller markets such as optical lenses and aviation products.

SCOPE OF REPORT

In this report, engineering resins include traditional varieties such as polyamides, polycarbonates, polyacetals, (reinforced) polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), along with alloys/blends, such as polycarbonate-ABS (PC/ABS); polyphenylene oxide/high-impact polystyrene (PPO-HIPS); polyphenylene oxide/polyamides (PPO/polyamide); and polycarbonate-PBT (PC/PBT), among others. Higher-performance engineering resins covered include polysulfones, poly(phenylene-sulfide) (PPS), polyketones and liquid crystal polymers, among others.

The key applications covered include the automotive market segmented by under-the-hood, external and interior products; electronic/electrical markets; medical devices/products; building/construction materials; appliances; plastic rigid food packaging; and several key smaller markets such as optical lenses, aviation products, etc.

Table Of Contents

Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
SCOPE OF REPORT 2
METHODOLOGY 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 3
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 3
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 3
DISCLAIMER 4
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 6
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN/POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND MARKET
BY RESIN TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 6
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN/POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND MARKET
BY RESIN TYPE, 2014-2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 6
CHAPTER 3 ENGINEERING RESINS 9
DEFINITIONS 9
BACKGROUND/HISTORICAL 9
PERFORMANCE AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS 9
TABLE 1 SELECTED PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ENGINEERING POLYMERS 10
TABLE 2 IMPACT OF MORPHOLOGY ON ENGINEERING RESIN PROPERTIES 10
PROCESSING 10
TESTING 11
TABLE 3 SELECTED ENGINEERING RESIN ASTM TESTS 11
ENGINEERING RESINS BY TYPE 12
OVERVIEW 12
POLYAMIDES 13
Background 13
Applications 14
Properties 14
Major Types of Polyamides 14
Polyamide 66 14
Polyamide 6 15
TABLE 4 COMPARISONS OF POLYAMIDE 6 AND POLYAMIDE 66 PROPERTIES 15
Polyamide 4/6 16
Polyamide 6/9 16
Polyamide 6/10 and Polyamide 6/12 16
Polyamide 11 16
Polyamide 12 16
Reinforced Polyamides 17
Clear Polyamide Grades 17
Processing 17
Alloying/Blending of Polyamides 18
Polyamide Films 18
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Overview 18
Polyamide Film Applications 19
Global Polyamide Producers 19
TABLE 5 KEY GLOBAL POLYAMIDE PRODUCERS 19
Market Estimates and Forecasts 19
TABLE 6 GLOBAL POLYAMIDE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS) 20
TABLE 7 GLOBAL POLYAMIDE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 20
New Polyamide Developments 21
High-Temperature Polyamides for Ducts 21
Polyamide Grades for Water-Injection Technology 21
Radiation Crosslinking Increases Polyamide Properties 21
Polyamine 410 Films 21
BASF's Large Polyamide Plant in China 21
Polamide Variants Encroach into LCP and PEEK Markets 22
Asahi Kasei Chemicals Producing Polyamide 66 22
New High-Heat Resistant Polyamides Introduced 22
Recently Introduced Polyamide 6 Blown Film Grades 22
Flexible Polyacetal vs. Polyamides in Auto Fuel Systems 22
Radici in Germany Adds Polyamide Product Lines 22
New Pilot Polyamide 12 Production 23
New Nylon 412 Extrusion Grades 23
Hybrid Electric Covers Using Polyamide 6 23
Lanxess AG Producing Polyamides at New Antwerp, Belgium,
Plant 23
High-Viscosity Polyamide 6 Plant in North America 23
Evonik Producing Greener Polyamide 12 23
High-Heat and Thermally Conductive Polyamides 24
Recycled Polyamides for Automotive 24
Flame-Retardant Polyamides for Thin Walls and Heat Aging 24
Next-Generation High-Temperature Polyamides 4/6 and 6/66 24
Black Polyamide 12 Compounds Meet Railway Car Standards 24
POLYCARBONATES 24
Overview 24
Types of Polycarbonates Available 24
Properties 25
Overview 25
Advantages and Disadvantages 25
Processing 26
Alloys/Blends 26
Marketing 26
Fiber-Reinforced Polycarbonates 26
Impact of Bisphenol on Polycarbonate Usage 27
Brief Review of Applications 27
Other Applications and Details 27
Producer Grades 29
Specific Applications 29
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Selected Trade Names of Polycarbonates 30
Overview 30
Definitions 31
Specific Products Used in Glazing 31
Other Specific Examples of Plastic Glazing Products 31
Use in Greenhouses 32
Skylights 32
Overview 32
Use of Glass 32
Use of Plastics 32
Overview 32
Plastic Types 33
Glass and Plastic Combinations 33
Skylight Configurations 33
Polycarbonate Films and Properties 33
Polycarbonate Film Applications 34
Polycarbonate Producers 35
TABLE 8 KEY GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE PRODUCERS AND TRADE NAMED
PRODUCTS 35
Capacities and Demand 35
Market Estimates and Forecasts 36
TABLE 9 GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 36
TABLE 10 GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 38
Recent Developments 38
Bayer Buys Arkema's Polycarbonate Sheet Product Line 38
Flame Retardant Clear Polycarbonates Available for Furniture 38
Polycarbonate Capacity Increases Could Lower Pricing 38
Polycarbonate Sheet Being Used for Passenger Rail Cars 38
Bayer Closes Polycarbonate Sheet Plants in Germany and China 38
Styron Ends Polycarbonate Supply Agreement 39
Polycarbonate Glazing/Spoiler Combination in New Fiat Auto 39
Clear Flame Retardant Polycarbonates for Furniture 39
Polycarbonate/Silicone Copolymer Strengthens Breathing
Apparatus 39
New Engineered Polycarbonate Sheets for Signage 39
Easy-Flow Medical-Grade Polycarbonate 39
High-Diffusion Polycarbonate Used in Low-Cost LED Bulbs 40
Polycarbonate Glazing Lowers Auto Window Weight 40
Specialty Polycarbonates for Lighting and PC/PET for Medical
Devices 40
European Union Cites Safety of Bisphenol A 40
POLYACETALS 40
Background 40
Grades 41
Properties 41
Processing 42
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Producers 42
TABLE 11 KEY GLOBAL POLYCACETAL PRODUCERS AND TRADE NAMED PRODUCTS 42
Typical Applications 42
TABLE 12 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS OF POLYACETALS 43
Market Estimates and Forecasts 43
TABLE 13 GLOBAL POLYACETAL MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 43
TABLE 14 GLOBAL POLYACETAL AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 44
Recent Developments 44
Asahi Kasei Buys Out DuPont in Polyacetal Joint Venture 44
Ticona Resin Products Have Become "Celanese" 45
Polyacetals with Enhanced Wear and Friction Resistance 45
Polyacetals from Plant Oils 45
THERMOPLASTIC POLYESTERS 45
Background 45
Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) 45
Background 45
Major Applications 46
Modified PET Resins 46
Other Properties and Grades 47
Glycol-Modified PET Copolyester (PETG) 47
Engineering-Grade PET 47
Reinforced PET 47
Producers and Capacities 48
TABLE 15 THE LARGEST TEN GLOBAL PET PRODUCERS 48
TABLE 16 GLOBAL KEY PET ENGINEERING GRADE PRODUCERS AND TRADE NAMES 49
Market Estimates and Forecasts 49
TABLE 17 GLOBAL ENGINEERED PET MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 50
TABLE 18 GLOBAL ENGINEERED PET AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 50
Recent Developments 50
Indorama Buys Several Eastman Units 50
Japanese Firms Merge Their Respective PET Businesses 51
DAK to Close PET Plant 51
Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT) 51
Background 51
Properties 51
Applications 52
PET and PBT Competitive Scenario 53
Market Estimates and Forecasts 53
TABLE 19 GLOBAL PBT MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS) 54
TABLE 20 GLOBAL PBT AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 54
PET and PBT New Products and Developments 54
Toray to Increase Production of Bio-PBT 54
Sabic IP Markets Sustainable Valox PBT 55
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Development of Fire-Resistant PBT 55
LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMERS 55
Background 55
Properties 55
Applications 56
Background 56
Electronic/Electrical 56
LCP Fiber-Reinforced Products 56
New Developments and Products 57
Liquid Crystal Polymer Electronic Connectors 57
Low-Chlorine LCPs for Electrical Parts 57
DuPont Sells LCP Business 57
Connector Moldings Made from LCPs 58
Thermoformed LCPs 58
New Reinforced LCP Grades 58
LCPs Provide High Heat Resistance 58
MIDs Using LCPs 58
LCPs for Thin-Wall Electronic Applications 58
Market Estimates and Forecasts 59
TABLE 21 GLOBAL LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMER MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 59
Recent Developments 60
New Reinforced Grades 60
Polyplastics Adds LCPs 60
A New Process for LCPs 60
POLYSULFONES 60
Background 60
Types of Polysulfones 61
Overview 61
Polyarylsulfones 61
Grades 61
Properties 62
Applications of Polysulfones 62
Background 62
Electrical/Electronic Applications 62
Specific Medical Properties and Applications 63
Further Application Details 63
Clear Polysulfone Applications 63
Polysulfone Producers and Trade Named Products 64
Market Estimates and Forecasts 64
TABLE 22 GLOBAL POLYSULFONE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 64
New Product and Marketing Developments 65
BASF Develops Low-Friction Polysulfones 65
Polysulfone Firefighter Helmets 65
New Medical Applications for Polysulfones 65
Solvay and RTP Join Forces for Polysulfone Products 65
BASF Opens Polysulfone Plant in South Korea 65
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE (PPS) 66
Background 66
Properties 66
Advantages and Disadvantages 67
Thermoformed Polyphenylene Sulfides 67
Applications 68
Other Technology Considerations 68
Thermoformed Polyphenylene Sulfides 69
Producers 69
Market Estimates and Forecasts 69
TABLE 23 GLOBAL POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 70
New Products and Developments 70
Blow-Molded PPS for High-Temperature Auto Applications 70
Celanese New Fortron Reinforced Grades 70
Japanese Companies Plan Increases in PPS Production 70
PPS Composites Used in Airbus Military Aircraft 70
Long-Glass and Heat-Conductive PPS 71
Asian PPS Compounding Plant Being Built 71
Solvay Buys Chevron Phillips' PPS Business 71
PEI/PAI 71
Background 71
Properties 71
Early Electronic/Electric Applications 72
Vespel Parts 72
A Major Electric/Electronic Application-Dielectric Interlayers 73
Polyimide Films 73
Polyetherimides (PEIs) 74
Background 74
Properties 74
Producers 75
Chemistry 75
Applications 75
Polyamidesimides (PAIs) 75
Overview 75
Properties 76
Applications 76
Competitive Scenario 76
Review of Overall Polyimide Applications 76
Key Polyimide Products and Producers 77
Market Estimates and Forecasts 77
TABLE 24 GLOBAL POLYIMIDES/PHTHALAMIDES MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2020* (MILLION POUNDS) 78
New Polyimide Developments 78
Carbon-Fiber PEI Replaces Aluminum 78
Polyimide Blends Provide Very High Heat Stability 78
Companies Looking for High-Performance Resins during PEI
Resin Shortage 78
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
POLYKETONES 78
Background 78
Properties 79
Polyketone Composites 79
Applications 79
Applications by Industry 80
PEEK Implants 80
PEEK Film Applications 80
Producers 81
Capacities 81
TABLE 25 GLOBAL PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES OF POLYKETONES 81
Market Estimates and Forecasts 81
TABLE 26 GLOBAL POLYKETONE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 82
New Polyketone Developments 82
PEEK Resins for Small Pipette Tips 82
PEEK Rods Chosen for Spinal Implant 82
FDA Approves First Porous PEEK-Based Medical Device 82
PEEK May Eliminate Implant Infections 83
PEEK and Carbon Fibers Combine in Aerospace 83
PEEK High-Modulus Carbon Fiber Products 83
PEEK Resins Reduce Weight for Airbus 83
New PEEK Copolymers 83
PEEK Replaces Coated Brass Gear in Auto Transmission Parts 84
High-Stiffness PEEK for Structural Applications 84
PEEK in Subsea Connectors 84
POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS 84
Background 84
PPO/HIPS 85
Overview 85
Properties and Advantages 85
Grades 86
Processing 86
Specific Applications of Reinforced Noryl Grades 86
Other Applications 87
Market Estimates and Forecasts 87
TABLE 27 GLOBAL PPO/HIPS MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS) 87
TABLE 28 GLOBAL PPO/HIPS AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 88
PPO/Polyamides 88
Background and Properties 88
Grades and Applications 88
Market Estimates and Forecasts 89
TABLE 29 GLOBAL PPO/POLYAMIDE MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 89
TABLE 30 GLOBAL PPO/POLYAMIDE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 89
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
PC/ABS 90
Overview 90
Background 90
Trade Named Products 91
Flame-Retardant Grades 91
Applications 91
Market Estimates and Forecasts 91
TABLE 31 GLOBAL PC/ABS MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS) 92
TABLE 32 GLOBAL PC/ABS AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 92
PC/PBT and PC/PET Alloys/Blends 93
PC/PBT 93
Background 93
Properties 93
Applications 93
PC/PET 94
Market Estimates and Forecasts 94
TABLE 33 GLOBAL PC/PBT AND PC/PET MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020*
(MILLION POUNDS) 94
TABLE 34 GLOBAL PC/PBT AND PC/PET AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 95
Other Polymers Alloys/Blends 95
TABLE 35 GLOBAL OTHER POLYMER ALLOYS/BLEND MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 95
New Products and Developments 96
Fiberglass External Auto Hood Applications 96
Lawn/Garden Products 96
Bayblend PC/ABS Sheet's Excellent Thermoforming Properties 96
PC/PBT Usage in Connectors for Boats 96
Sabic IP's Expanded Production of its Noryl Product Line 96
REINFORCED ENGINEERED THERMOPLASTICS 97
Overview 97
Specific Thermoplastics 97
Reinforcement Details 98
Reinforced Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT) 99
Background 99
Properties 99
Applications 99
Reinforced PET 99
Fiber-Reinforced Polycarbonates 100
PPS Fiber-Reinforced Products 100
Liquid Crystal Polymer Fiber-Reinforced Products 100
Recent Developments 101
Polyamides Made from Natural Fiber 101
Polyamide Dampens Noise in Sports Cars 101
Polyamide Spare Wheel Frame 101
Carbon-Fiber PEI Replaces Aluminum 101
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Polyimide Blends Provide Very High Heat Stability 101
ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND MARKET SUMMARIES 101
TABLE 36 GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESINS AND POLYMER ALLOY/BLENDS, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 102
CHAPTER 4 GLOBAL ENGINEERING/POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND MARKET BY
GEOGRAPHIC REGION 104
TABLE 37 GLOBAL ETP/POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION,
THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 104
TABLE 38 GLOBAL ETP/POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH
2020 (%) 104
TABLE 39 GLOBAL POLYAMIDE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 105
TABLE 40 GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 105
TABLE 41 GLOBAL POLYACETAL MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 105
TABLE 42 GLOBAL PBT MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 106
TABLE 43 GLOBAL PET MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 106
TABLE 44 GLOBAL PPS MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 107
TABLE 45 GLOBAL POLYSULFONE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 107
TABLE 46 GLOBAL LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMER MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION,
THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 107
TABLE 47 GLOBAL POLYKETONE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 108
TABLE 48 GLOBAL OTHER ETP MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 108
TABLE 49 GLOBAL PC/ABS MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 108
TABLE 50 GLOBAL PPO/HIPS MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS) 109
TABLE 51 GLOBAL PPO/POLYAMIDE MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 109
TABLE 52 GLOBAL PC/PBT AND PC/PET MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION,
THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 110
TABLE 53 GLOBAL OTHER POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC
REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 110
CHAPTER 5 APPLICATIONS 112
OVERVIEW 112
TABLE 54 ETP END-USE APPLICATIONS AND SELECTED SPECIFIC EXAMPLES 112
AUTOMOTIVE 112
OVERVIEW 112
CAFE ISSUES 113
AUTOMOTIVE UNDER-THE-HOOD (UTH) SEGMENT 114
Overview 114
Background 115
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Key Factors of the UTH Resin Market 115
TABLE 55 SELECTED AUTOMOTIVE UNDER-THE-HOOD REINFORCED RESIN
COMPOSITES BY PART 116
More UTH Developments 116
Overview of Electronic Components 117
Material Usage 117
Expanded Use of Encapsulated Components 118
Bobbins/Connectors 118
Switches/Sockets 119
Ignition Components 119
Plastic Rocker Covers 119
Catalytic Converters 119
Valve Covers 119
Intake Manifolds 120
Heating/Air-Conditioning Equipment 120
Reservoirs 121
Estimates and Forecasts 121
TABLE 56 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE UTH MARKET BY ENGINEERING RESINS AND
POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 121
AUTO EXTERIORS 122
TABLE 57 RESINS USED FOR SPECIFIC EXTERIOR AUTOMOTIVE PARTS 122
Body Panels 122
Horizontal vs. Vertical Body Panels (Steel vs. SMC) 123
Carbon Fiber SMC 123
Thermoplastic Usage 123
General Decision Factors for Body Panels 123
Need for "Class A Finishes" 124
Other SMC Competition 124
Other Considerations 124
Paint-Free SMCs? 125
Other Resin Systems Used in Exteriors 125
Fenders 125
Background 125
Thermoplastics in Fenders 125
Bumper Systems and Products 126
Side Molding/Trim 126
Radiators/Grilles 126
Transparent Automotive Exteriors and Housings 127
Background 127
Light Reflector Housings 127
Taillights and Rear Brake Lights 127
Headlights and Front-End Lenses 128
Marketing Aspects 128
Light Sources 129
Incandescent Light Bulbs 129
Non-Halogen 129
Halogen 129
Impact of Federal Regulations and Standards 129
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Automotive Glazing 130
Background 130
Overview 130
Criteria for Replacing Glass 131
Market Opportunities 131
Interior Automotive Lenses 132
Overview 132
Critical Issues 132
DuPont Activities 132
Solutia's Efforts with Glass 133
Early Bayer-GE Plastics Joint Project 133
Background 133
Technology 133
Market Aspects 134
Market Challenges 134
NHTSA Activities 134
Examples of Commercial Polycarbonates for Lighting and
Glazing 135
Other Automotive Glazing Standards 135
Market Estimates and Forecasts 136
TABLE 58 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE EXTERIOR MARKET BY ENGINEERING RESINS AND
POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 136
AUTOMOTIVE INTERIOR SEGMENT 137
Background 137
Overview of Resins Used in Automotive Interiors 137
TABLE 59 RESINS USED FOR SPECIFIC INTERIOR AUTOMOTIVE PARTS 137
PC/ABS 138
Polycarbonates 138
PPO/HIPS 138
Seat-Related Auto Interior Parts 138
Background 138
Seat Backs 139
Front Seat Bases 139
Rear Seats 139
Child Safety Seats 139
Rear Seat Backs 139
Airbags 140
Background 140
Tough Resins Needed for Airbag Doors 140
Knee Air Bags 140
LED Lighting Moving into Auto Interiors 141
Summary of Resin Usage in Automotive Lenses 141
TABLE 60 RESIN USAGE IN AUTOMOTIVE LENSES (PERCENT OF TOTAL VOLUME) 141
Impact of Federal Regulations and Standards in Automotive Lenses 142
Market Estimates and Forecasts 142
TABLE 61 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE INTERIOR MARKET BY ENGINEERING RESINS AND
POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 142
What about a Plastic Engine? 143
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
AUTOMOTIVE MARKET SUMMARY 143
TABLE 62 GLOBAL TOTAL AUTOMOTIVE MARKET BY ENGINEERING RESINS AND
POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 143
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS 144
Polycarbonate Glazing/Spoiler for New European Car 144
Polycarbonate Glazing Decreases Auto Weight 144
Teijin Sees Full Polycarbonate Auto Glazing as a Long-Term
Proposition 144
Sabic IP is Developing Polycarbonate Auto Side Windows 144
Polycarbonate Makes Headway in Vehicle Interiors and Safety
Features 144
Polycarbonate Rear Window is 35% Lighter than Glass 144
Injection Molded Noryl GTX Fenders 145
Polyamide Crankshaft Cover 145
Celanese Provides Plastic Transmission Cover 145
Plastic Auto Transmission Conductor 145
Metal-To-Plastic Substitutions in Autos 145
Carbon Fiber Reinforce PBT for Auto Electronics 145
DSM Engineering Highlights Both Gas Tank and UTH Auto
Applications 145
ELECTRONIC/ELECTRICAL PRODUCTS 146
OVERVIEW 146
CONSUMER ELECTRONIC TRENDS 146
Overview 146
Market Dynamics 147
Compact Discs/DVDs 147
Some Important Technologies 147
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS 147
Background 147
Technologies 147
PCB Substrates 147
Overview 147
Current Material Usage 148
Standard FR-4 Epoxy Resin 148
Higher-Performance Epoxies 148
Polyimides 148
Issues That May Impact Resin Choices Used in PCB Manufacture 149
Flexible Printed Circuit Boards 149
Background 149
Technology 149
Standards 149
Advantages 150
Materials Used 150
Overview 150
Polyimides 150
Polyesters 150
Liquid Crystalline Polymers (LCPs) 151
Aramids 151
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Epoxy Resins 151
Adhesiveless Laminates 151
Molded/3D Printed Circuitboards (MIDs) 151
Background 151
Technology 152
Manufacturing 152
History 152
How Do They Differ From PCBs? 152
Materials Used 153
Market Targets 153
Process Technologies 153
Impact of MIDs 153
Examples of New Plastics for MIDs 154
Lanxess 154
BASF 154
Celanese 154
Evonik 154
Industry Trends of Printed Circuitboards 154
PLASTICS IN ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS 155
Introduction 155
Active Devices 155
Active/Passive Devices 155
Passive Devices 156
FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS 156
Overview 156
Concept of Flexible Electronics 156
RIGID-FLEX CIRCUITS 157
MOLDED ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS 157
Overview 157
Background 158
Markets 158
Growth 158
Resin Usage in Molded Electronic Components 158
Background 158
Connectors 159
Background 159
Trends 159
Materials and Applications for Electronic Connectors 160
Resin Selection 160
Other Connector Markets 161
Connector End-Use Markets 161
Automotive Industry Connectors 161
Background 161
Resin Scenario 161
New Polyester Advantages 162
Polyamide Activities 162
IMPACT OF SURFACE-MOUNT TECHNOLOGY 163
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Background 163
Resin and Material Usage 163
Competitive Resin Scenario 163
ENCAPSULATED ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS 163
Background 163
Specific Encapsulant Applications 164
Epoxy Encapsulant Systems 164
SWITCHES 165
Background 165
CAPACITORS 165
Background 165
Dielectric Materials 166
Capacitor Types 166
OTHER MOLDED ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS 166
Resistors 166
Background 166
Applications 167
Inductors/Transformers 167
Plastic Usage 168
BOBBINS 168
Background 168
RELAYS 168
Background 168
ELECTRONIC ENCLOSURES 169
Definitions 169
Material and Process Selection 169
Enclosure-Related Plastic Usage and Applications 170
Still a Competitive Scenario 171
Cost Performance 172
TABLE 63 COMPARISONS OF RESINS FOR ELECTRONIC ENCLOSURE APPLICATIONS
BASED ON COST PERFORMANCE 172
TABLE 64 THE BEST- AND WORST-PERFORMING RESINS AND RESIN BLENDS FOR
ELECTRONIC ENCLOSURES 172
Costs 173
Significance of Thin-walling on Resin Selection 173
Other Important Issues 173
Flame Retardancy 174
Background 174
Overview 174
Testing Agencies and Requirements 175
Environmental Ratings 176
TABLE 65 APPLYING PLASTICS SCORECARD TO ELECTRONIC ENCLOSURES 176
The European Union's RoHS Directive 176
The WEEE Directive 177
Market Estimates and Forecasts 178
TABLE 66 GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND
ELECTRONIC/ELECTRIC MARKETS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 178
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS 178
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
LCPs Used in New Electronic Connectors 178
High-Temperature and Reflective Plastics for LED 179
PC/PCT in First Electrical Application 179
MEDICAL DEVICES 179
STATUS OF THE HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY 179
THE FDA IS EXAMINING REGULATIONS FOR 3-D PRINTED MEDICAL
DEVICES 179
THE FDA PLANS TO EXPEDITE MEDICAL DEVICE APPROVALS 180
THE FDA IS PLANNING TO SIMPLIFY MEDICAL DEVICE CLASSIFICATION
PROCEDURES 180
OVERALL PLASTIC USAGE 180
POLYMERS USED 180
Background 180
Overview 180
Commodity Thermoplastics 181
Engineering Resins 181
Thermoset Resins 181
Overall Resin Usage in Medical Devices 182
TABLE 67 SELECTED RESIN USAGE BY TYPE OF MEDICAL DEVICE 182
SPECIFIC ENGINEERING RESIN/ALLOY-BLENDS USAGE IN MEDICAL
APPLICATIONS 183
Polyamides 183
Polyamide Sterilization 183
Polycarbonates 183
Overview 183
Specific Examples 184
Renal Dialysis 184
Surgical Instruments 184
Cardiac Surgery Products 184
Polyesters 184
Medical Applications 185
Polysulfones 185
Polyimides 186
Polyketones 186
Overview 186
PEEK Implants 186
Other PEEK Medical Usage 187
Liquid Crystal Polymers 187
NEED FOR CLARITY/TRANSPARENCY 187
STERILIZATION TECHNIQUES 188
Overview of Methods 188
Polycarbonate 189
Polystyrene 189
Polyesters 189
TABLE 68 RADIATION RESISTANCE OF KEY MEDICAL PLASTICS 189
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 190
TABLE 69 GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS MEDICAL
MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 190
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS OF ENGINEERING THERMOPLASTICS IN THE
MEDICAL MARKET 191
Sabic IP's PEIs 191
PEEK Rods Chosen for Spinal Cord 191
FDA Approves First Porous PEEK-based Medical Device 191
Recent Polyacetal Medical Products 191
New Artificial Limb Developments 191
BUILDING/CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS 191
OVERVIEW 191
ENGINEERING RESIN USAGE 192
SOME EXAMPLES OF PRODUCT USAGE 192
GLAZING 192
Background 192
Properties 193
TABLE 70 SELECTED PROPERTIES OF PLASTIC SHEET FOR OUTDOOR
APPLICATIONS 193
Acrylic Sheet 193
Polycarbonate Sheet 194
Specific Products Used in Glazing 195
Other Specific Examples of Plastic Glazing Products 195
Use in Greenhouses 195
PLUMBING/HARDWARE 195
Polyacetals 195
PPO/HIPS 196
PBT 196
PET 196
Thermoset Polyesters 196
SKYLIGHTS 197
Overview 197
Use of Glass 197
Use of Plastics 197
Background 197
Plastic Types 197
Glass and Plastic Combinations 198
LIGHTING PRODUCTS 198
Overview 198
Lighting Technologies 198
Key Performance Parameters 199
Types of Lighting Products 199
Clear Plastics Used 200
Acrylics 200
Polystyrene 200
Cellulosics 201
Polycarbonates 201
PVC 201
Processing Methods 201
Lighting Lens Suppliers 202
Recent Developments 202
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Clear Polycarbonate Used in Integrated LED Light Engine 202
SIGNS/DISPLAYS 203
Background 203
Resins Used 203
Acrylics 203
Polycarbonates 204
Outdoor Sign Market 204
Examples of Commercial Products for Signs/Displays 204
Indoor Signs/Displays 205
Point-of-Purchase Products (POPs) 205
A New Development 205
New Engineered Polycarbonate Sheets for Signs 205
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 205
TABLE 71 GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOYS/BLEND
BUILDING/CONSTRUCTION MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 206
APPLIANCES 206
OVERVIEW 206
HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY DEFINITIONS- NAICS
3352 206
APPLIANCE MARKET SCENARIO 207
MATERIALS USED IN APPLIANCES 207
Metals 207
Steel 207
Aluminum 207
Plastics 208
APPLIANCE CATEGORIES 208
REPRESENTATIVE PLASTIC INJECTION MOLDED APPLIANCE PARTS 208
KEY APPLICATIONS FOR PLASTICS IN APPLIANCES 208
Overview 208
Polyamides 209
Polycarbonates 209
PBT 210
PET 210
Other Thermoplastic Usage 210
MAJOR SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS FOR POLYMERS IN APPLIANCES 210
TABLE 72 SELECTED MAJOR APPLICATIONS FOR POLYMERS IN APPLIANCES 210
KEY APPLIANCE MANUFACTURERS IN THE U.S. 211
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 211
TABLE 73 GLOBAL ENGINEERING RESIN AND POLYMER ALLOY/BLEND APPLIANCE
MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 212
RIGID FOOD PACKAGING 212
BACKGROUND 212
OVERVIEW 213
POLYCARBONATES 213
Background 213
Water Bottles 213
PREPARED FOOD CONTAINER PACKAGING 214
Overview 214
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Types of Microwave/Dual-Ovenable Packaging Structures 214
Dual-Ovenables 215
TABLE 74 PLASTIC USAGE IN PREPARED FOOD CONTAINERS 215
Market Estimates and Forecasts 215
AIRCRAFT 216
OVERVIEW 216
EXAMPLES OF GLASS PRODUCTS 216
IMPORTANCE OF IMPACT RESISTANCE 216
CLEAR PLASTIC PREFERENCES 217
COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT TRANSPARENCIES 218
AIRCRAFT INTERIORS 218
IMPORTANT CLEAR PLASTICS SUPPLIERS 218
CLEAR PLASTICS PROCESSING METHODS 219
APPLICATIONS ON MILITARY AND COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT 219
Military Aircraft Transparencies 219
Commercial Aircraft Transparencies 220
LEADING MANUFACTURERS OF AIRCRAFT TRANSPARENCIES 220
SELECTED EXAMPLES OF COMPANIES' CLEAR PLASTIC PRODUCTS
EARMARKED FOR AIRCRAFT APPLICATIONS 220
MARKETING CLEAR PLASTICS TO THE AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY IS NOT AN
EASY ASSIGNMENT 221
TABLE 75 REGISTRATIONS FOR PLEXIGLAS GS 245 221
TABLE 76 REGISTRATIONS FOR PLEXIGLAS GS 249 221
NEW DEVELOPMENTS 221
Advanced Polycarbonates for Aircraft Interiors 221
New Polycarbonate Sheets for Aircraft Interiors 222
Low-Heat Release Polycarbonate for Aircraft 222
New Engineering Polymer Grades for Aircraft Interiors 222
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 222
OPTICAL LENSES 222
PROPERTIES AND ADVANTAGES 222
MARKET DYNAMICS 223
KEY CONCEPTS IN LENS MATERIALS 223
Refractive Index 223
Abbe Values 223
WHY PLASTICS ARE USED 223
OTHER ADVANTAGES OF PLASTICS 224
FABRICATION METHODS FOR OPTICAL PLASTIC LENSES 225
Background 225
Manufacturing 225
Blocking 225
Margins of Error 226
KEY PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS 226
ADVANTAGES OF PLASTICS 227
CLEAR PLASTICS USED 227
Background 227
Acrylics 227
Polystyrene 228
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
Polycarbonates 228
Overview 228
Advantages and Disadvantages 228
TABLE 77 OPTICAL PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES (%) 229
Allyl Diglycol Carbonate (ADC) 229
Background 229
Competitive Scenario with CR-39 230
Acrylic-Styrene Copolymers 230
Trivex 231
Polycarbonate vs. Trivex Lenses: A Brief Comparison 231
Cellulosics 232
SAN 232
Other Plastics Used in This Market 232
Examples of Polycarbonate and Acrylic Optical Clear Sheets 232
OPTICAL LENS MARKET SEGMENTS 233
Background 233
Market Shares 233
Ophthalmic Lens Suppliers 234
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 234
TOYS 234
OVERVIEW 234
BACKGROUND 234
USE OF PLASTICS IN TOYS 235
Background 235
Polystyrene 235
ABS 235
Styrene Block Copolymers (SBCs) 236
Polycarbonates 236
Acrylics 236
CLEAR PLASTIC APPLICATIONS 236
CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COUNCIL (CPSC) 237
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 237
MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS 237
SPORTS/RECREATIONAL EQUIPMENT 237
Overview 237
Specific Reinforced Plastic Products Used in Sports and Recreation
Products 238
LAWN/GARDEN EQUIPMENT 238
Overview 238
Resin Usage 238
HOUSEWARES 239
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 239
TABLE 78 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF ENGINEERING
RESINS AND POLYMER ALLOYS/BLENDS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 240
CHAPTER 6 ENGINEERED RESIN TRADE NAMED PRODUCTS 242
TABLE 79 SELECTED KEY ENGINEERING RESINS BY TRADE NAME 242
PLS020D - Engineering Resins, Polymer Alloys and Blends: Global Markets
CHAPTER 7 PRICES OF ENGINEERING RESINS AND POLYMERS ALLOYS/BLENDS 246
TABLE 80 AVERAGE PRICING FOR ENGINEERING RESI

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