Nanomagnetics: Materials, Devices and Markets

  • April 2013
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 198 pages

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

In 2007, the Nobel Prize Committee stated that, “Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) can be considered one of the first real applications of the promising field of nanotechnology.” Nanomagnetic materials and products in general and GMR in particular still represent the most mature and widely used examples of nanotechnology and nanoscale materials. With this promise in mind, the primary objective of this report is twofold: to identify current, emerging and futuristic applications for nanomagnetic materials and devices, and to evaluate actual and potential markets by application and type.

REASONS FOR DOING THE REPORT

The properties of nanostructured magnetic materials and devices are extraordinarily different from those of conventional magnetic systems. Esoteric technical terms such as exchange coupling, giant magnetoresistance, single-domain behavior, superparamagnetism and tunneling magnetoresistance all describe some of the unique characteristics and behavior obtainable from nanomagnetic particles, films and bulk materials.

Interesting science is nice, certainly, but practical, revenue-generating applications are even better. It turns out that the properties of nanomagnetic systems are enabling a variety of actual and potential commercial uses, from data storage technology and nonvolatile memory to industrial sensors and cancer treatment.

Some nanomagnetic products have been on the market for years or even decades, while others have yet to reach commercialization. The gamut of these nanomagnetic materials and devices is covered in this report, including products based on particles or dispersions, nanoscale thin films and bulk nanostructured materials.

Current and future applications of nanomagnetic materials and devices directly impact biotechnology, industrial products and information storage. Some products, especially in the area of magnetic storage media, rely exclusively on nanomagnetic materials. Other products could be revolutionized by recent nanomagnetic material and processing developments.

SCOPE OF THE REPORT

This report greatly expands and updates BCC Research’s 2004 report on nanomagnetics, materials and devices, including forecasted market growth and applications though 2017 in the following technology and applications:
• Sensors:
- Biosensors and bioassays.
- Giant magnetoresistive (GMR) sensors.
• Separation.
• Imaging.
• Data Storage:
- Magnetic tapes.
- Hard disks.
- Recording heads.
- Magnetoresistive random access memory (MRAM).
• Medical and genetics
• Others:
- Nanocrystalline soft magnetic cores.
- Magnetic fluid seals.
- Thermal transfer.
- Catalysts.
- Environmental remediation.

METHODOLOGY

The report identifies current, emerging and experimental applications and evaluates actual and potential markets by application and type.

Throughout the report, past market data is expressed in current dollars, and estimates and projections are in constant 2012 dollars. Historic 2011 markets and the projected markets for 2012 and 2017 are provided. Most market summaries are based on a consensus scenario. Pessimistic, consensus and optimistic market scenarios characterize several developmental markets. Totals are rounded to the nearest million dollars. When appropriate, information from previously published sources is identified to allow a more detailed examination by clients.

The study also includes a discussion on both public and private companies active in research and/or development, to include company profiles, applicable patents and geographical trends and forecasts.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This study is a valuable resource for those who need to understand the technological and market impact of magnetic materials and devices based on nanotechnology, and for decision makers in companies or institutions that:
• Manufacture, process or sell magnetic nanomaterials, including nanoparticles, microspheres, ferrofluids, thin films and bulk materials.
• Develop or fabricate devices based on nanomagnetic materials, such as GMR heads, hard disks, MRAM or biosensors.
• Are seeking partners for their nanomagnetic commercialization efforts.
• Provide consulting, public relations or other services to the nanotechnology community.
• Are planning to make investments or acquisitions in the nanotech space.
• Produce or market conventional magnetic materials and devices.
• Develop competing technologies or products in areas in which nanomagnetic materials and devices will have (or are already having) an impact, including:
- Biomedical imaging agents.
- Biosensors or bioassays.
- Bioseparations media or equipment.
- Data, video and audio storage products.
- Drug delivery and disease treatment technologies.
- Industrial seals.
- Industrial sensors.
- Nonvolatile memory.
- Soft magnetic cores.

INFORMATION SOURCES

The information and analyses contained in this document are based on both primary and secondary sources of information. Dozens of industry participants—executives, salespeople, managers, engineers and others—were interviewed by telephone and email to obtain information for this study, including company statistics, technical details, viewpoints about industry issues and input about market data and trends. Other information was gleaned from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office online database, annual reports and other SEC filings, company press releases and websites, scientific and trade publications and BCC Research reports and newsletters.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

Lori Tucker has more than 13 years of experience in market analysis, technical and technology documentation, and business research including work at Bechtel and the Houston Chronicle. She has extensive experience in business, government and academic procurement and contracting.

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

This report provides:
• An overview of the market for nanomagnetic materials and devices in three major market segments: biotechnology, industrial products, and information storage.
• Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2011 and 2012, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2017.
• Discussion of materials and technology, including products based on particles or dispersions, nanoscale thin films, and bulk nanostructured materials.
• Industry data, technical background information, and a patent analysis.
• Comprehensive company profiles of major players.

Table Of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE REPORT 2
SCOPE OF THE REPORT 2
METHODOLOGY 3
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
INFORMATION SOURCES 4
ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED REPORTS 4
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 5
DISCLAIMER 5

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 7

SUMMARY TABLE TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS BY TYPE
OF TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 7

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 10

WHAT IS NANO? 10
WHAT IS NANOMAGNETICS? 10
WHAT IS SPINTRONICS? 10
MAGNETIC PROPERTIES PRIMER 11
NANOMAGNETIC PARTICLES 11
Single Domain and Superparamagnetic Behavior 11
FIGURE 1 QUALITATIVE DEPENDENCE OF MAGNETIC COERCIVITY (HC) ON
ULTRAFINE PARTICLE SIZE 12
NANOMAGNETIC FILMS 12
Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) 12
Spin Valve Multilayer Structure 13
Tunneling Magnetoresistance (TMR) 14
Ballistic Magnetoresistance (BMR) 14
Colossal Magnetoresistance (CMR) 15
NANOMAGNETIC BULK MATERIALS 15
Exchange Coupling 15
CURRENT AND POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS SUMMARY 15

CHAPTER 4 MARKETS BY TYPE OF NANOMAGNETIC MATERIAL 18

TABLE 1 SUMMARY OF CURRENT AND POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS FOR
NANOMAGNETIC MATERIALS 18
PARTICLE-BASED NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS (DISPERSIONS) 19
PARTICLE-BASED NANOMAGNETIC MAGNETIC FLUID SEALS 19
PARTICLE-BASED NANOMAGNETIC INKS AND TONERS 19
PARTICLE-BASED NANOMAGNETIC TARGETED DRUG DELIVERY 19
PARTICLE-BASED NANOMAGNETIC DISEASE TREATMENT 19
PARTICLE-BASED NANOMAGNETIC BIOMAGNETIC SEPARATIONS 19
PARTICLE-BASED NANOMAGNETIC BIOSENSORS AND BIOASSAYS 20
PARTICLE-BASED NANOMAGNETIC MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
CONTRAST AGENTS 20
PARTICLE-BASED NANOMAGNETIC MICRO- AND
NANO-ELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS 20
PARTICLE-BASED NANOMAGNETIC RECORDING TAPES 20
THIN FILM-BASED NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS 21
THIN FILM-BASED HARD DISKS 21
THIN FILM-BASED RECORDING HEADS 21
THIN FILM-BASED MAGNETIC SENSORS 21
THIN FILM-BASED MAGNETIC RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY 21
BULK MATERIAL-BASED NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS 22
BULK NANOMAGNETIC MATERIAL POWER TRANSFORMER CORES 22
BULK NANOMAGNETIC MATERIAL MAGNETIC REFRIGERATION 22

CHAPTER 5 MARKETS BY TYPE OF NANOMAGNETIC TECHNOLOGY 24

SENSORS 24
BIOSENSORS AND BIOASSAYS 24
Markets Involved 24
Materials and Technologies Used 24
Companies Involved 25
TABLE 2 COMPANIES AND INSTITUTIONS ACTIVE IN MAGNETIC BIOASSAY
TECHNOLOGY 27
GIANT MAGNETORESISTIVE (GMR) SENSORS 27
Markets Involved 27
TABLE 3 APPLICATIONS FOR GMR SENSORS 27
Materials and Technologies Used 28
TABLE 4 COMPARISON OF GMR SENSORS WITH CONVENTIONAL MAGNETIC
SENSORS 29
FIGURE 2 INDUSTRIAL GMR SENSOR 30
Companies Involved 30
TABLE 5 COMPANIES THAT HAVE BEEN INVOLVED IN DEVELOPING/
COMMERCIALIZING GMR SENSORS 31
SENSORS MARKET VALUES AND PREDICTIONS 31
TABLE 6 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC SENSOR PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 33
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC SENSOR PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 33
SEPARATION 34
MARKETS INVOLVED 34
MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES USED 34
COMPANIES INVOLVED 37
TABLE 7 SUPPLIERS OF PARTICLES FOR SEPARATION APPLICATIONS 37
TABLE 8 BIOSEPARATION APPLICATIONS FOR MAGNETIC PARTICLES 38
SEPARATION MARKET VALUES AND PREDICTIONS 39
TABLE 9 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC SEPARATION PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 39
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC SEPARATION PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 40
IMAGING 40
MARKETS INVOLVED 40
MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES USED 40
TABLE 10 TYPES OF CONTRAST AGENTS USED FOR MRI IMAGING 41
TABLE 11 SELECTED SUPERPARAMAGNETIC IRON OXIDE CONTRAST MEDIA 42
TABLE 12 GADOLINIUM -CONTAINING CONTRAST AGENTS APPROVED FOR HUMAN
USE 43
COMPANIES INVOLVED 43
TABLE 13 DEVELOPERS AND PRODUCERS OF MRI CONTRAST AGENTS 43
IMAGING MARKET VALUES AND PREDICTIONS 44
TABLE 14 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC IMAGING PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 45
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC IMAGING PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 45
DATA STORAGE 46
MAGNETIC TAPES 46
Markets Involved 46
Materials and Technology Used 47
Companies Involved 48
TABLE 15 PRODUCERS OF MAGNETIC PARTICLES FOR RECORDING TAPES 49
HARD DISKS 49
Markets Involved 49
Materials and Technology Used 49
Basic Thin-Film Structure 50
Antiferromagnetically Coupled Structure 50
TABLE 16 NANOLAYER STRUCTURE OF A MAGNETIC HARD DISK 51
FIGURE 6 CROSS-SECTIONAL SCHEMATIC OF THE NANOLAYER STRUCTURE OF A
TYPICAL MAGNETIC HARD DISK 51
Companies Involved 52
TABLE 17 PRODUCERS OF MAGNETIC PARTICLES HARD DRIVE MEDIA 52
RECORDING HEADS 52
Markets Involved 52
Materials and Technology Used 53
FIGURE 7 REPRESENTATIVE THIN-FILM STRUCTURE OF GMR SPIN VALVE
RECORDING HEAD 53
Companies Involved 55
TABLE 18 RECORDING HEAD MANUFACTURERS 55
MRAM 55
Markets Involved 55
Materials and Technology Used 55
FIGURE 8 SCHEMATIC OF MRAM STORAGE DEVICE STRUCTURE 56
Companies Involved 57
TABLE 19 COMPANIES ACTIVE IN MRAM DEVELOPMENT 58
DATA STORAGE MARKET VALUE AND PREDICTIONS 58
TABLE 20 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC DATA STORAGE MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC DATA STORAGE MARKET PROJECTIONS,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
MEDICAL AND GENETIC PRODUCTS 61
MARKETS INVOLVED 61
MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY USED 62
TABLE 21 CRITERIA FOR A PARTICULATE DRUG DELIVERY VEHICLE 62
COMPANIES INVOLVED 63
MEDICAL AND GENETIC MARKET VALUES AND PREDICTIONS 64
TABLE 22 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MEDICAL AND GENETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 65
FIGURE 10 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MEDICAL AND GENETIC MARKET
PROJECTIONS, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 65
OTHER 66
NANOCRYSTALLINE SOFT MAGNETIC CORES 66
Markets Involved 66
TABLE 23 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS FOR NANOCRYSTALLINE SOFT MAGNETIC ALLOYS 67
Materials and Technology Used 67
FIGURE 11 PRODUCTION AND MICROSTRUCTURE OF NANOCRYSTALLINE SOFT
MAGNETIC ALLOYS 67
TABLE 24 CHARACTERISTICS AND ADVANTAGES OF NANOCRYSTALLINE SOFT
MAGNETIC ALLOYS 69
TABLE 25 COMPARISON OF TYPICAL SOFT MAGNETIC TRANSFORMER MATERIALS 69
Companies Involved 69
TABLE 26 DEVELOPERS AND PRODUCERS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE SOFT MAGNETIC
ALLOYS 70
MAGNETIC FLUIDS 70
Markets Involved 70
TABLE 27 FERROFLUID APPLICATIONS 71
Materials and Technology Used 71
TABLE 28 SUMMARY OF MAGNETIC FLUID CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTION 72
TABLE 29 ROLE OF FERROFLUID IN A LOUDSPEAKER 72
Companies Involved 73
TABLE 30 DEVELOPERS AND PRODUCERS OF FERROFLUIDS 73
CATALYSTS 74
Markets Involved 74
Materials and Technology Used 74
Companies Involved 75
TABLE 31 NANOMAGNETIC CATALYST COMPANIES 75
ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION 75
Markets Involved 75
Materials and Technology Used 75
Companies Involved 75
TABLE 32 POTENTIAL AND EXISTING NANOMAGNETICS ENVIRONMENTAL
REMEDIATION COMPANIES 76
OTHER NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS 76
Market Values and Predictions 76
TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET PROJECTIONS FOR OTHER NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT
TYPES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 77
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET PROJECTIONS FOR OTHER NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT
TYPES, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 78

CHAPTER 6 MARKETS BY APPLICATION 80

MATERIALS AND PROCESSES USED FOR EACH APPLICATION 80
TABLE 34 NANOMAGNETICS TECHNOLOGY CROSS-REFERENCED WITH
APPLICATIONS 80
DATA PROCESSING 81
MARKET SUMMARY 81
COMPANIES INVOLVED 82
TABLE 35 NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT COMPANIES IN THE DATA PROCESSING
INDUSTRY 82
DATA PROCESSING PRODUCTS COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS AND PRODUCTS
INVOLVED 84
TABLE 36 MAGNETIC MEDIA GRAIN SIZE DISTRIBUTION VERSUS HARD DISK DRIVE
AREAL DENSITY 86
FIGURE 13 GRAIN SIZE DISTRIBUTION VERSUS AREAL DENSITY 86
FIGURE 14 SCHEMATIC OF ANTIFERROMAGNETICALLY COUPLED MAGNETIC MEDIA 87
MARKET VALUES AND PREDICTIONS 89
TABLE 37 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC DATA PROCESSING MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 89
MEDICAL AND BIOTECH 90
MARKET SUMMARY 90
COMPANIES INVOLVED 90
TABLE 38 COMPANIES MARKETING NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS IN MEDICAL AND
BIOTECH INDUSTRIES 90
MEDICAL AND BIOTECH PRODUCTS COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS AND
PRODUCTS INVOLVED 91
MARKET VALUES AND PREDICTIONS 94
TABLE 39 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MEDICAL AND BIOTECH MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 94
RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL 94
MARKET SUMMARY 94
COMPANIES INVOLVED 95
TABLE 40 COMPANIES MARKETING NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS IN THE RESEARCH
AND ANALYTICAL INDUSTRIES 95
RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL PRODUCTS COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS AND
PRODUCTS INVOLVED 96
MARKET VALUES AND PREDICTIONS 96
TABLE 41 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL MARKET
PROJECTIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TRANSPORTATION 97
MARKET SUMMARY 97
COMPANIES INVOLVED 97
TABLE 42 COMPANIES MARKETING NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS IN THE
TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY 98
TRANSPORTATION PRODUCTS COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS AND PRODUCTS
INVOLVED 98
MARKET VALUES AND PREDICTIONS 100
TABLE 43 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC TRANSPORTATION MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 100
ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL 100
MARKET SUMMARY 100
COMPANIES INVOLVED 101
TABLE 44 COMPANIES MARKETING NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS IN THE
ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL INDUSTRIES 101
ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL PRODUCTS COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS AND
PRODUCTS INVOLVED 104
MARKET VALUES AND PREDICTIONS 105
TABLE 45 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL MARKET
PROJECTIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 105
MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING 105
OVERALL MARKET SUMMARY 105
COMPANIES INVOLVED 105
TABLE 46 COMPANIES MARKETING NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS IN THE
MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING INDUSTRY 106
MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING PRODUCTS COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
AND PRODUCTS INVOLVED 107
MARKET VALUES AND PREDICTIONS 108
TABLE 47 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING MARKET
PROJECTIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 108

CHAPTER 7 TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATION MARKET FORCES 110

TABLE 48 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 49 TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS BY INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 111
TABLE 50 TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 112
TABLE 51 TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS BY FORM,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 112
TABLE 52 TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS BY MATERIAL
TYPE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 113

CHAPTER 8 TECHNOLOGY: NANOPARTICLE AND DISPERSION PRODUCTION 115

TABLE 53 OVERVIEW OF NANOPARTICLE PRODUCTION METHODS 115
PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES 115
STUDY PRODUCES METHOD TO SYNTHESIZE SILVER NANOPARTICLES 115
SYRRIS MICROREACTORS USED FOR CONTINUOUS-FLOW NANOPARTICLE
SYNTHESIS 116
INSTITUTE OF BIOENGINEERING AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, SINGAPORE
(IBN)'S METHOD FOR THE FACILE SYNTHESIS OF NANOPARTICLES WITH
MULTIPLE FUNCTIONALITIES
116
MEITO SANGYO'S METHOD TO PRODUCE SUPERPARAMAGNETIC IRON
OXIDE 117
BOEING'S SONOCHEMICAL METHOD TO PRODUCE NONAGGLOMERATED
NANOPARTICLES 118
SOL-GEL'S METHOD TO PREPARE COBALT-FERRITE NANOPARTICLES 118
TOYOBO'S METHOD TO PRODUCE SUPERPARAMAGNETIC BEADS 119
TODA KOGYO'S METHOD TO PRODUCE MAGNETITE 119
FERROTEC'S ALTERNATIVE PROCESS TO PRODUCE MAGNETIC FLUIDS 120
MAGNETIC NANOFILM PRODUCTION 121
SPUTTER DEPOSITION 121
BULK MAGNETIC NANOMATERIAL PRODUCTION 122
AMORPHOUS CRYSTALLIZATION 122
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 123
RESEARCH APPROACHES 123
25 Tesla, World-record 'Split Magnet' Makes its Debut 123
Magnetic Field Researchers Target Hundred-Tesla Goal: Previous
World Record Shattered During Six-Experiment Pulse 124
New Magnetic Testing Technique Helps Ensure Reliability of
Microelectronic Devices, PV Cells and MEMS Applications 125
Curved Carbon for Electronics of the Future 126
Magnets Trump Metallics 127
Good Eggs: Nanomagnets are Food for Thought on Computer
Memories 128
Progress in Using Magnetic Fields to Target Tumors 128
New Alternative to Traditional Semiconductors 129
Iranian Scientists Fabricate Magnetic Nano-Adsorbent to Measure
Toxic Metals 130
Honeycombs of Magnets Could Lead to New Type of Computer
Processing 131
Therapeutic Impact of Cell Transplantation Aided by Magnetic Factor 132
ORNL Study Confirms Magnetic Properties of Silicon Nano-Ribbons 132
Magnetic Vortex Reveals Key to Spintronic Speed Limit 133
X-rays Reveal Spin Waves in Two-Dimensional High-Temperature
Superconductors 134
Quantum Bar Magnets in a Transparent Salt 135
Research Group at Kiel University Switches Magnetism of Individual
Molecules 136
Quantum State of a Single Atomic Nucleus Can Be Controlled and
Determined by Simple Electrodes 137
Magnetic Nanoparticles Remove Ovarian Cancer Cells from the
Abdominal Cavity 137
Good Vibrations in Fight Against Cancer Magnetic Nanochain
Detonates Chemo Barrage Inside Tumors 138
Super-Strong, High-Tech Material Found to be Toxic to Aquatic
Animals by Researchers at MU and USGS: Carbon Nanotubes Hold
Promise for Industry but Need Monitoring, Say Researchers
139
LBNL Demonstrates Environmental Use of Magnetic Fluids 140
Magnetic Field Based-Nems Devices Investigated 142
Nanocompass Formed From Iron Oxide 143
Nanocrystalline Ferrite Powders Produced for Power Electronics 143
Nanomagnetic Transformer Material Characterized 144
Nanostructuring Enables Ultra High Density Magnetic Storage 144
Self-Assembled Nanocrystals Could Boost Storage Density 100-fold 145
Nickel Whiskers Could Increase Recording Head Sensitivity 147
Nanoparticles Might Replace Insulating Film in MRAM 148
Magnetic Particles Could Remove Toxins from Blood 148
Cells Manipulated with Magnetic Nanowires 149
Magnetic Nanoparticles Designed for In Vivo Bioseparations 149
Magnetic Separations Applied to Environment 150
Magnetic Fluids Could Repair Damaged Retinas 151
Magnetic Tweezers Could Serve as Surgical Tool 152
MRI Transformed Into Cancer Treatment Instrument 153
Core-Shell Particles Designed for Tumor Destruction 154
Cobalt Nanoparticles Engineered for Anthrax Detection 154
Lighter Coating Reduces Iron Oxide Particle Toxicity 155
MRI Contrast Agent Can Image Brain Tumors 156
Clinical Trials Explore Blood Vessel Imaging 158
PATENT ANALYSIS 159
TABLE 54 RECENT U.S. PATENTS 2003 - 2012 159

CHAPTER 9 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS 166

MARKET SEGMENTATION 166
TABLE 55 NANOMAGNETICS COMPANIES 166
KEY RESEARCH CENTERS, PROGRAMS AND CONSORTIA 167
Brookhaven National Laboratory 167
Carnegie Mellon University's Data Storage Systems Center 167
Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies 167
Center for Nanomagnetic Systems - University of Houston 168
Central European Institute of Technology/Czech Republic 168
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) 169
IBM-Stanford Spintronic Science and Applications Center 170
Information Storage Industry Consortium 170
TABLE 56 INFORMATION STORAGE INDUSTRY CONSORTIUM MEMBERS 171
Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid - Consejo Superior de
Investigaciones Cientificas 172
Information Storage Industry Consortium 172
Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science 172
Kiel University 173
The National Center for Scientific Research - L'Institut Neel 173
The Madrid Institute of Advanced Studies in Nanoscience 173
Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory 173
NanoLab/University of Sheffield 174
National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) 174
National Institute of Standards and Technology 174
National Natural Science Foundation of China 174
National Science Foundation 175
Research Fund of Shaanxi University of Technology, China 175
The Royal Institution/Davy Faraday Research Laboratory 175
Tohoku University 176
University of Alabama's Center for Materials for Information
Technology (MINT) 176
University of Nebraska-Lincoln 176
University of Notre Dame Center for Nano Science and Technology 177
TRADE PRACTICES AND CHANNELS OF DISTRIBUTION 178
TABLE 57 NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS 178
PRICING AND PURCHASING INFLUENCES 180
TABLE 58 NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT PURCHASING INFLUENCES 181

CHAPTER 10 PROFILES OF COMPANIES 183

ADEMTECH 183
AMAG PHARMACEUTICALS 183
ALPS ELECTRIC 184
ALTIS SEMICONDUCTOR 184
BANGS LABORATORIES, INC. 184
BAYER MATERIALSCIENCE 185
BIOPHAN TECHNOLOGIES 185
CATHAY PIGMENTS (USA) LLC - CATHAY MAGNETICS (USA) 186
CHEMAGEN 186
CIMA NANOTECH 187
CORTEX BIOCHEM 187
CROCUS 188
CYPRESS SEMICONDUCTOR 188
DOWA ELECTRONICS MATERIALS CO., LTD. 189
EMD MILLIPORE, INC. 190
EVERSPIN TECHNOLOGIES 190
FERROTEC (USA) CORP. 190
FUJI ELECTRIC DEVICE TECHNOLOGY CO. 191
FUJIFILM CORPORATION 191
FUJITSU LABORATORIES, LTD. 191
GE HEALTHCARE 192
HEADWAY TECHNOLOGIES 192
HEWLETT-PACKARD CO. (HP LABS) 192
HGST (HITACHI GLOBAL STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES) 193
HITACHI METALS, LTD. 193
IBM RESEARCH (IBM CORP) 194
IMEC 194
IMMUNICON 195
INFINEON TECHNOLOGIES AG 195
INTEL 196
ISK MAGNETICS (ISHIHARA SANGYO KAISHA) 196
KANTO DENKA KOGYO CO. LTD. 197
LIQUIDS RESEARCH LTD. 197
MACH I 197
MAGFORCE NANOTECHNOLOGIES GMBH (MAGFORCE AG) 198
MAGNESENSORS 199
MAGNETEC GMBH 199
MICROMOD PARTIKELTECHNOLOGIE GMBH 200
MOLECULAR IMPRINTS, INC. (MOTOROLA LABS) 200
NANOBIOTIX 201
NANOMAGNETICS INSTRUMENTS LTD. 202
NANOMAGNETICS.US 202
NVE CORP. 202
ORGANIC SPINTRONICS 203
POLYSCIENCES, INC. 203
QUANTUM DESIGN 204
ROCHE DIAGNOSTICS GMBH 204
SEAGATE TECHNOLOGY 205
SPHEROTECH INC. 205
SPIN TRANSFER TECHNOLOGIES 205
SWRandD (NANOBIOMAGNETICS) 206
VACUUMSCHMELZE GMBH and CO KG 206
VASCULAR MAGNETICS, INC. 207
WD (WESTERN DIGITAL) 207



LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS BY TYPE
OF TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 7
TABLE 1 SUMMARY OF CURRENT AND POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS FOR
NANOMAGNETIC MATERIALS 18
TABLE 2 COMPANIES AND INSTITUTIONS ACTIVE IN MAGNETIC BIOASSAY
TECHNOLOGY 27
TABLE 3 APPLICATIONS FOR GMR SENSORS 27
TABLE 4 COMPARISON OF GMR SENSORS WITH CONVENTIONAL MAGNETIC
SENSORS 29
TABLE 5 COMPANIES THAT HAVE BEEN INVOLVED IN DEVELOPING/
COMMERCIALIZING GMR SENSORS 31
TABLE 6 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC SENSOR PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 33
TABLE 7 SUPPLIERS OF PARTICLES FOR SEPARATION APPLICATIONS 37
TABLE 8 BIOSEPARATION APPLICATIONS FOR MAGNETIC PARTICLES 38
TABLE 9 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC SEPARATION PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 39
TABLE 10 TYPES OF CONTRAST AGENTS USED FOR MRI IMAGING 41
TABLE 11 SELECTED SUPERPARAMAGNETIC IRON OXIDE CONTRAST MEDIA 42
TABLE 12 GADOLINIUM -CONTAINING CONTRAST AGENTS APPROVED FOR HUMAN
USE 43
TABLE 13 DEVELOPERS AND PRODUCERS OF MRI CONTRAST AGENTS 43
TABLE 14 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC IMAGING PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 45
TABLE 15 PRODUCERS OF MAGNETIC PARTICLES FOR RECORDING TAPES 49
TABLE 16 NANOLAYER STRUCTURE OF A MAGNETIC HARD DISK 51
TABLE 17 PRODUCERS OF MAGNETIC PARTICLES HARD DRIVE MEDIA 52
TABLE 18 RECORDING HEAD MANUFACTURERS 55
TABLE 19 COMPANIES ACTIVE IN MRAM DEVELOPMENT 58
TABLE 20 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC DATA STORAGE MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
TABLE 21 CRITERIA FOR A PARTICULATE DRUG DELIVERY VEHICLE 62
TABLE 22 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MEDICAL AND GENETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 65
TABLE 23 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS FOR NANOCRYSTALLINE SOFT MAGNETIC ALLOYS 67
TABLE 24 CHARACTERISTICS AND ADVANTAGES OF NANOCRYSTALLINE SOFT
MAGNETIC ALLOYS 69
TABLE 25 COMPARISON OF TYPICAL SOFT MAGNETIC TRANSFORMER MATERIALS 69
TABLE 26 DEVELOPERS AND PRODUCERS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE SOFT MAGNETIC
ALLOYS 70
TABLE 27 FERROFLUID APPLICATIONS 71
TABLE 28 SUMMARY OF MAGNETIC FLUID CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTION 72
TABLE 29 ROLE OF FERROFLUID IN A LOUDSPEAKER 72
TABLE 30 DEVELOPERS AND PRODUCERS OF FERROFLUIDS 73
TABLE 31 NANOMAGNETIC CATALYST COMPANIES 75
TABLE 32 POTENTIAL AND EXISTING NANOMAGNETICS ENVIRONMENTAL
REMEDIATION COMPANIES 76
TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET PROJECTIONS FOR OTHER NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT
TYPES, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 34 NANOMAGNETICS TECHNOLOGY CROSS-REFERENCED WITH
APPLICATIONS 80
TABLE 35 NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT COMPANIES IN THE DATA PROCESSING
INDUSTRY 82
TABLE 36 MAGNETIC MEDIA GRAIN SIZE DISTRIBUTION VERSUS HARD DISK DRIVE
AREAL DENSITY 86
TABLE 37 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC DATA PROCESSING MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 89
TABLE 38 COMPANIES MARKETING NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS IN MEDICAL AND
BIOTECH INDUSTRIES 90
TABLE 39 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MEDICAL AND BIOTECH MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 94
TABLE 40 COMPANIES MARKETING NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS IN THE RESEARCH
AND ANALYTICAL INDUSTRIES 95
TABLE 41 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL MARKET
PROJECTIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 42 COMPANIES MARKETING NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS IN THE
TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY 98
TABLE 43 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC TRANSPORTATION MARKET PROJECTIONS,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 100
TABLE 44 COMPANIES MARKETING NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS IN THE
ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL INDUSTRIES 101
TABLE 45 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL MARKET
PROJECTIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 105
TABLE 46 COMPANIES MARKETING NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCTS IN THE
MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING INDUSTRY 106
TABLE 47 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING MARKET
PROJECTIONS, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 108
TABLE 48 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS, THROUGH
2017 ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 49 TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS BY INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 111
TABLE 50 TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 112
TABLE 51 TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS BY FORM,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 112
TABLE 52 TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS BY MATERIAL
TYPE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 113
TABLE 53 OVERVIEW OF NANOPARTICLE PRODUCTION METHODS 115
TABLE 54 RECENT U.S. PATENTS 2003 - 2012 159
TABLE 55 NANOMAGNETICS COMPANIES 166
TABLE 56 INFORMATION STORAGE INDUSTRY CONSORTIUM MEMBERS 171
TABLE 57 NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS 178
TABLE 58 NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT PURCHASING INFLUENCES 181



LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE TOTAL GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 7
FIGURE 1 QUALITATIVE DEPENDENCE OF MAGNETIC COERCIVITY (HC) ON
ULTRAFINE PARTICLE SIZE 12
FIGURE 2 INDUSTRIAL GMR SENSOR 30
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC SENSOR PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 33
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC SEPARATION PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 40
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC IMAGING PRODUCT MARKET PROJECTIONS
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 45
FIGURE 6 CROSS-SECTIONAL SCHEMATIC OF THE NANOLAYER STRUCTURE OF A
TYPICAL MAGNETIC HARD DISK 51
FIGURE 7 REPRESENTATIVE THIN-FILM STRUCTURE OF GMR SPIN VALVE RECORDING
HEAD 53
FIGURE 8 SCHEMATIC OF MRAM STORAGE DEVICE STRUCTURE 56
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC DATA STORAGE MARKET PROJECTIONS,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
FIGURE 10 GLOBAL NANOMAGNETIC MEDICAL AND GENETIC MARKET PROJECTIONS,
2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 65
FIGURE 11 PRODUCTION AND MICROSTRUCTURE OF NANOCRYSTALLINE SOFT
MAGNETIC ALLOYS 67
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET PROJECTIONS FOR OTHER NANOMAGNETIC PRODUCT
TYPES, 2011-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 78
FIGURE 13 GRAIN SIZE DISTRIBUTION VERSUS AREAL DENSITY 86
FIGURE 14 SCHEMATIC OF ANTIFERROMAGNETICALLY COUPLED MAGNETIC MEDIA 87

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