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Analyzing Concentrated Solar Power in the US

  • May 2013
  • -
  • Aruvian's R'search
  • -
  • 170 pages

The market for concentrated solar power in the United States is the second largest CSP market in the world and represented over 45% of global total installed capacity in 2010. Spain exceeded the US to become the largest global CSP market in 2010. Installations are expected to further increase, as high capacity plants are planned to come online in the forecast period.

US government support for the market is expected to promote further growth. Technological advancement in the US has also allowed for large capacity power projects, and there were over 80 projects in the planning or construction stages in 2012. In line with increased capacity, CSP power generation will also increase in the coming years. The U.S. solar industry is concentrated in a few key states. California remains the largest, but New Jersey now second is experiencing the quickest growth. Other top states for PV installations, which directly convert solar power to electricity, include: Arizona, Pennsylvania, Colorado, New York, Massachusetts, Maryland, Oregon and Texas.

The research comes as the US Department of Energy announces $2 billion in conditional loan guarantees for two concentrating solar power (CSP) projects, which use sunlight to heat water or another fluid that generates steam to power a turbine. The DOE is offering a $1.2 billion loan guarantee for the Mojave Solar Project in San Bernardino County, California, and $681.6 million for the Genesis Solar Project, located on land managed by the Bureau of Land Management in Riverside County, California at 250 megawatts each, the projects' will double the nation's current CSP capacity and displace a total of 40% of the output from a typical 500-megawatt coal-fired plant.

They are estimated to create a total of about 1,630 construction jobs and 114 operating ones. These projects represent an important step in the development of solar as an affordable, clean energy resource in the country. By investing in the commercial-scale deployment of solar technologies, can create greater efficiencies that will lower the cost of solar power while creating jobs and increasing our global competitiveness in this key industry.

Aruvian Research analyzes the Market for Concentrated Solar Power in the United States. This research report is a comprehensive analytical compilation which analyzes the market for CSP in the US along with a brief profile of the global CSP market as well.

The report begins with an analysis of what is concentrated solar power (CSP) and the requirement for CSP in today's world. We look at the types of CSP technologies that are available today such as central receiver/solar tower, parabolic troughs, parabolic dish, Linear Fresnel reflectors, etc.

Moving on, we analyze the global market for concentrated solar power briefly. We look at industry statistics, industry size and power generation from CSP worldwide.

Concentrated solar power in the US is analyzed through an industry overview, the CPV systems market in the US, power generated from CSP in the US, the CSP trough market in the US, the CSP tower market, parabolic dish market amongst others. Linear Fresnel reflector market in the US, the cost and performance of CSP in the US as well as the reduction of CSP cost in the US.

Thermal energy storage (TES) and the CSP market in the US are analyzed through an overview, technological overview and the market in the US.

Regulatory framework governing CSP in the US is analyzed. We look at federal regulations, the SunShot Vision, as well as the regulations in various states.

Cooling systems for CSP plants in the US is also briefly looked at.

Competition in the industry and an analysis of the major players wraps up this analytical offering on the concentrated solar power industry in the US.

Table Of Contents

Analyzing Concentrated Solar Power in the US
Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Concentrated Solar Power (CSP)
B.1 Historical Perspective of Concentrating Solar Power
B.2 Theories Behind Solar Thermal Power Conversion
B.3 Conversion of Solar Heat into Electricity
B.4 Requirement for Concentrating Solar Power
B.4.1 Sustaining the Ecosystem
B.4.2 Sustaining the Economics

C. Types of CSP Technologies
C.1 Technological Overview
C.2 Analysis of Central Receiver or Solar Tower
C.3 Analysis of Parabolic Troughs
C.4 Analysis of Parabolic Dish
C.5 Linear Fresnel Reflectors

D. Global Market for Concentrated Solar Power
D.1 Industry Overview
D.2 Industry Size
D.3 Power Generation from Concentrated Solar Power

E. Concentrated Solar Power in the US
E.1 Industry Overview
E.2 CPV Systems Market
E.3 Power Generation from CSP in the US
E.4 CSP Trough Market
E.5 CSP Tower Market
E.6 Parabolic Dish Market
E.7 Linear Fresnel Reflector Market
E.8 Solar-Fossil Hybrid Market
E.9 Heat-Transfer Fluid
E.10 Cost and Performance of CSP in the US
E.11 Reducing the Cost of CSP in the US

F. Thermal Energy Storage and CSP Market in the US
F.1 Overview
F.2 TES Technology
F.3 TES Market

G. Regulatory Framework
G.1 Federal Regulations
G.2 SunShot Vision
G.3 Regulatory Framework in California
G.4 Regulatory Framework in Colorado
G.5 Regulatory Framework in Iowa
G.6 Regulatory Framework in Minnesota
G.7 Regulatory Framework in Nevada
G.8 Regulatory Framework in New Jersey
G.9 Regulatory Framework in New York
G.10 Regulatory Framework in Oregon
G.11 Regulatory Framework in Texas
G.12 Regulatory Framework in Washington

H. Cooling Systems for CSP Plants in the US

I. Competition in the Industry and Major Players
I.1 Competition in the Industry
I.2 Abengoa Solar SA
I.3 Acciona Solar
I.4 Aleo Solar
I.5 Amonix
I.6 Acciona Energia
I.7 Ascent Solar Technologies
I.8 Abound Solar
I.9 BP Solar
I.10 BrightSource Industries
I.11 BSR Solar Technologies
I.12 China Sunergy
I.13 Coolearth Solar
I.14 Evergreen Solar
I.15 First Solar, Inc
I.16 HelioVolt
I.17 Florida Power and Light Company
I.18 Konarka Technologies
I.19 Kyocera Solar
I.20 Nanosolar
I.21 Solel Solar Systems
I.22 Suntech
I.23 Solar Millennium AG
I.24 Trina Solar Energy

J. Appendix

K. Glossary of Terms

List of Figures

Figure 1: Central Receiver or Solar Tower
Figure 2: Capital Cost Estimate of Solar Tower Systems (%), 2012
Figure 3: Parabolic Trough
Figure 4: Capital Cost Estimate of Parabolic Trough Systems (%), 2012
Figure 5: Parabolic Dish
Figure 6: Global Market for CSP (DNI) (kWh/m2 Per Day), 2012
Figure 7: Global CSP Market in Terms of Installed Capacity (in MW), 2012-2020
Figure 8: Global Market for CSP Industry Size (in USD Billion), 2012-2020
Figure 9: Global Power Generation from CSP (in GWh), 2012-2020
Figure 10: CSP Market in the US (DNI) (kWh/m2 per Day), 2012
Figure 11: Installed Capacity of CSP in the US (in MW), 2012-2020
Figure 12: CPV Modules at the SolarTAC Testing Facility in Aurora, Colorado
Figure 13: Power Generated from CSP in the US (in GWh), 2012-2020
Figure 14: Linear Fresnel Reflector Schematic
Figure 15: Solar/Fossil Hybrid Facility
Figure 16: Examples of Dish/Engine Systems
Figure 17: Current and Projected Costs for CSP Trough and Tower Technologies
Figure 18: Solar Thermal Storage
Figure 19: Thermal Storage and Utility Demand
Figure 20: Solar Two System in California Included a Thermal Energy Storage System
Figure 21: Market Share of Major Players in the Global CSP Market (%), 2012
Figure 22: CSP Market Evolution in the US
Figure 23: Parabolic Trough Power Plant with Hot and Cold Tank Thermal Storage System and Oil Steam Generator
Figure 24: Schematic Arrangement of a PV Cell
Figure 25: Solar Parabolic Trough System Combined with Fossil Fuel Firing to Generate Electrical Power
Figure 26: A Central Receiver Solar Thermal System
Figure 27: Solar Pond
Figure 28: Integrated Solar/Combined Cycle System (ISCC)
Figure 29: Flow Diagram of Solar Field, Storage System and Steam Cycle at the AndaSol-1 Project, Southern Spain
Figure 30: Manufacturing Share of PV by Country in 2012
Figure 31: Solar RFC Power System
Figure 32: Space Application of RFC Power System

List of Tables

Table 1: Early Solar Thermal Power Plants
Table 2: Cost Reductions in Parabolic Trough Solar Thermal Power Plants
Table 3: Pros and Cons of Each Technology
Table 4: Global CSP Market in Terms of Installed Capacity (in MW), 2012-2020
Table 5: Global Market for CSP Industry Size (in USD Billion), 2012-2020
Table 6: Global Power Generation from CSP (in GWh), 2012-2020
Table 7: Concentrating PV Classes
Table 8: Installed Capacity of CSP in the US (in MW), 2012-2020
Table 9: CPV Systems Under Development
Table 10: Power Generated from CSP in the US (in GWh), 2012-2020
Table 11: U.S. Utility-Scale CSP Trough Plants in Development
Table 12: US Utility-Scale Central Receiver Projects in Development
Table 13: US Utility-Scale Solar-Fossil Hybrid Projects under Development
Table 14: Current and Projected Costs and Performance Estimates for CSP Trough and Tower Technologies
Table 15: Go Solar California Campaign
Table 16: California Solar Initiative
Table 17: Ten Step Decrease in Payment Level in California
Table 18: Installation Costs of a Solar System in California Post Government Rebates
Table 19: CORE Solar Pioneer Rebate Program in Colorado
Table 20: Solar Alternative Compliance Payment Amount in New Jersey
Table 21: Water Usage Requirements for Electric Generation Technologies
Table 22: Key Characteristics of Major Players, 2012
Table 23: Early Solar Thermal Power Plants
Table 24: Cost Reductions in Parabolic Trough Solar Thermal Power Plants




Companies Mentioned

Abengoa Solar SA
Acciona Solar
Aleo Solar
Amonix
Acciona Energia
Ascent Solar Technologies
Abound Solar
BP Solar
BrightSource Industries
BSR Solar Technologies
China Sunergy
Coolearth Solar
Evergreen Solar
First Solar, Inc
HelioVolt
Florida Power and Light Company
Konarka Technologies
Kyocera Solar
Nanosolar
Solel Solar Systems
Suntech
Solar Millennium AG
Trina Solar Energy

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