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Use this report to:
- Gain insight into the robotics industry and current and future market scenarios broken into various segments such as region, type of robot, end-user, applications, and category of robotic products.
- Understand recent trends and key developments in the field of robotics and artificial intelligence.
- Assess major commercial and non-commercial participants of the global robotics community and lists of major company profiles and academic organizations, actively involved in robotic research projects.

Highlights
- The global robotics market reached nearly $24.9 billion in 2015. The market should reach over $25.9 billion and $31.5 billion in 2016 and 2021 respectively, increasing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.0% from 2016 to 2021.
- The robotics market for the Asia-Pacific region reached $9.1 billion in 2015. The market should reach nearly $10.0 billion in 2016 and $11.8 billion in 2021, increasing at a CAGR of 3.6% from 2016 to 2021.
- Europe Plus as a segment for robotics reached $5.4 billion in 2015, and should reach over $5.6 billion and $7.5 billion in 2016 and 2021 respectively, increasing at a CAGR of 5.9% from 2016 to 2021.

Introduction & Scope

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
The goal of this study was to examine the robotics industry from the research laboratory to the replacement parts business and, based upon that analysis, forecast global and regional demand for robots between 2016 and 2021. The objective of this report is to present the findings of that study and the forecast in a series of 86 tables that present the market by region, by type of robot, by robot–user, by robot–performed task, and by category of robotic products.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
In late 2010, BCC Research noted that the robotics industry was in the early stages of a fundamental change in where and how robots would be used in the future. One signal of that change was a rise in the number of U.S. patent filings that referenced robots. A second signal was the nature of the intellectual property those patents sought to protect. A significant number focused on improving a robot’s ability to spontaneously
interact with its surroundings. In other words, they represented steps toward endowing robots with situational awareness. Achieving situational awareness is the long sought after Holy Grail of robotics. A situationally aware robot can be truly autonomous, adjusting for unanticipated events that stand in the way of accomplishing a goal, much like a human. A machine capable of sharing work space with humans and
simultaneously working on the same work piece represented the opening of a new industrial era in which robots were seen less as tools and more as a co–worker. By the closing of 2015 it became clear to all those following the industry that the age of the collaborative robot had begun.

INTENDED AUDIENCE
Robotics: Technologies and Global Markets offers a granular level of detail that can be useful to executive and senior managers across the full spectrum of manufacturing and marketing activities in:
- Aerospace.
- Electronics manufacturing.
- Agriculture.
- Food processing.
- Alternate energy systems.
- Healthcare.
- Automotive manufacturing.
- Home care.
- Border protection.
- Law enforcement.
- Chemical and fuel processing.
- Medicine and surgery.
- Commercial building maintenance.
- Non–defense governmental activities.
- Construction.
- Consumer products manufacturing.
- Pharmaceutical manufacturing.
- Defense–related governmental activities.
- Textile and clothing manufacturing.
- Education and research.
- Unmanned aerial, maritime, and surface vehicle production.

SCOPE AND FORMAT
Robotics: Technologies and Global Markets provides both a review of recent key developments in robotics and a forecast that examines the industry from the perspective of robot makers and their traditional and prospective end users.

TOPICAL SCOPE
Forecasts have been generated by region, by type of robot, by robot–user, by robot–assigned task, and by type of robotic product and market region. Five types of robots are discussed and forecast in this report: industrial robots, professional service robots, military robots, domestic service robots, and security robots. Sixteen types of robot users are covered: aerospace manufacturing, agricultural, automotive manufacturing, building maintenance, chemical and fuel processing, construction, consumer products manufacturing, education and research, electrical and electronics manufacturing, food processing, government – defense, government – non–defense, healthcare, households, pharmaceutical manufacturing, and textile and clothing manufacturing.

Nineteen robot–performed tasks are examined: assembly; assisted transport; building security; construction and demolition; couriers and guides; dispensing; entertainment; floor maintenance; exterior maintenance; hazardous materials disposal; inspection and sample collection; laboratory bench assistance; material handling; painting, coating and gluing; palletizing and packaging; part cutting and forming; surgery; surveillance;
and welding and soldering. Four robotic products groups are reviewed: whole robots, robot parts, robot software and robot safety materials.

GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE
The study examined the factor driving the potential robotics market in 74 countries with a sufficient economic and manufacturing structure to adopt robotic technology. For forecasting purposes those countries were divided among three geographic and one non–geographic groups. In the report we identify those market groups as:
Asia–Pacific, Europe Plus, North America, and Other markets.
Asia–Pacific contains 14 countries: Australia, Bangladesh, China–Mainland, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Europe Plus contains 31 countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and United Kingdom.
North America contains four regions: Canada, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and the United States.
Other markets covers 25 countries: Argentina, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Egypt, Georgia, Guatemala, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Morocco, Nigeria, Peru, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Venezuela.

FORMAT
The study itself is divided into 11 chapters and contains 108 tables. The Summary and Introduction chapters are followed by chapters that reflect the five market perspectives on the robotics industry: by type of robot, by region, and so forth. Chapters eight and nine discuss basic and advanced robotic technology, including recent developments. Chapter Ten summarizes recent patent activity including abstracts of key robotic
patents. Chapter Eleven describes major commercial and non–commercial participants the global robotics community and lists with postal addresses more than 112 academic organizations actively involved in research projects. Market estimates and forecasts are provided in constant U.S. dollars, unadjusted for inflation.

ROBOTS NOT INCLUDED IN THIS STUDY
This study excludes software applications known as internet robots, automated machine tools, customer service kiosks such as automatic teller machines, implanted medical devices, active prosthetics, robots used in space exploration, and power–assisted "exoskeletons." Robot kits for hobbyists have been omitted, as have robot–related engineering and system integration services.

INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY
Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this report. BCC Research has reviewed more than 1,000 companies and university–based robotics programs to obtain data for this study. It also reviewed reports and studies prepared for peer–reviewed professional literature, as well as reports by the technical staffs of the U.S. Department of Commerce, the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, the Department of Transportation, the Energy Information Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Academy of Sciences, and the National Science Foundation. Also consulted were Chinese, European, and Japanese counterparts of these organizations, as well as the United Nations and the World Bank. Other data came from robotics companies and robotics association presentations at open sessions of scientific and technical conferences. Forecasts in this report examine demand for robots by region and by robot type.

Table Of Contents

Robotics: Technologies and Global Markets
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE AND FORMAT 3
TOPICAL SCOPE 3
GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE 3
FORMAT 4
ROBOTS NOT INCLUDED IN THIS STUDY 4
INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 5
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 5
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 5
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION, 2016 AND 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 7
CHAPTER 3 FORECASTS BY TYPE OF ROBOT 10
TABLE 1 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 12
INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS 13
VALUE ADDED DRIVES DEMAND 13
TABLE 2 INDUSTRIAL VALUE ADDED IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET (% OF GDP) 14
INDUSTRIAL ROBOT FORECAST 16
TABLE 3 GLOBAL INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 16
PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOTS 16
PHYSICIANS DRIVE DEMAND 17
TABLE 4 NUMBER OF PHYSICIANS BY REGION, 2015 (PER 1,000 PEOPLE) 17
PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST 19
TABLE 5 GLOBAL PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 20
MILITARY ROBOTS 20
DEFENSE SPENDING SOLE MARKET DRIVER 21
TABLE 6 NATIONAL MILITARY SPENDING, 2015 (% OF GDP) 21
MILITARY ROBOT FORECAST 23
TABLE 7 GLOBAL MILITARY ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 23
DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOTS 23
DOMESTIC ROBOTS WILL REMAIN A LUXURY PRODUCT 24
TABLE 8 GINI INDEX AS AN INDICATOR OF LUXURY DEMAND, 2015 (HIGH VALUES
SHOW HIGH POTENTIAL) 25
DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST 27
TABLE 9 GLOBAL DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH
2021 ($ MILLIONS) 27
SECURITY ROBOTS 27
PROPERTY CRIME DRIVES SECURITY ROBOT DEMAND 27
TABLE 10 LOSSES DUE TO THEFT, ROBBERY, VANDALISM, AND ARSON, 2014 (%
OF SALES) 28
SECURITY ROBOT FORECAST 30
TABLE 11 GLOBAL SECURITY ROBOTS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 30
CHAPTER 4 REGIONAL ANALYSIS AND FORECAST 32
MARKET-WIDE DRIVERS 32
TABLE 12 PERCENTAGE OF WORKERS 64 YEARS AND OLDER (%) 33
TABLE 13 GROSS CAPITAL FORMATION (% OF GDP) 33
TABLE 14 GROSS DOMESTIC SAVINGS (% OF GDP) 34
REGIONAL DRIVERS 34
REGIONAL MARKETS: ROBOT FORECASTS 36
TABLE 15 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 36
ASIA-PACIFIC 36
TABLE 16 ASIA-PACIFIC ROBOTICS MARKET, BY TYPE , THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 37
EUROPE PLUS 37
TABLE 17 EUROPE PLUS ROBOTICS MARKET, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 38
NORTH AMERICA 38
TABLE 18 NORTH AMERICAN ROBOTICS MARKET, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 39
OTHER MARKETS 39
TABLE 19 OTHER ROBOTICS MARKETS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 40
CHAPTER 5 FORECASTS BY ROBOT USERS 42
GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET BY END-USER 42
TABLE 20 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET, BY END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2021
($ MILLIONS) 42
AEROSPACE MANUFACTURING 43
TABLE 21 GLOBAL AEROSPACE ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 43
AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY 43
TABLE 22 AMOUNT OF AGRICULTURAL LAND BY COUNTRY, 2014 (KM2 ) 44
TABLE 23 GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021
($ MILLIONS) 46
AUTOMOTIVE MANUFACTURING 46
TABLE 24 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021
($ MILLIONS) 47
BUILDING MAINTENANCE 47
TABLE 25 GLOBAL URBAN CONCENTRATION AND GROWTH (POPULATION, ANNUAL
GROWTH %) 47
TABLE 26 GLOBAL BUILDING MAINTENANCE ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 49
CHEMICAL AND FUEL PROCESSING 50
TABLE 27 CHEMICAL PRODUCTION AND FOSSIL FUEL (CHEMICAL % OF VALUE
ADDED IN MANUFACTURING, FOSSIL FUEL ENERGY CONSUMPTION % OF TOTAL) 50
TABLE 28 GLOBAL CHEMICAL AND FUEL PROCESSING MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 52
CONSTRUCTION 52
TABLE 29 GLOBAL CONSTRUCTION ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH
2021 ($ MILLIONS) 53
CONSUMER PRODUCTS MANUFACTURING 53
TABLE 30 GLOBAL PER CAPITA INCOME (CURRENT $ U.S. IN 2015) 54
TABLE 31 GLOBAL CONSUMER PRODUCTS ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 56
EDUCATION AND RESEARCH 56
TABLE 32 NATIONAL AND MALE ENROLLMENT (% OF GROSS SCHOOL
ENROLLMENT) 56
TABLE 33 GLOBAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 59
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS MANUFACTURING 59
TABLE 34 GLOBAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY EXPORTS, 2015 (2015 CURRENT U.S. $
BILLIONS) 59
TABLE 35 GLOBAL ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 61
FOOD PROCESSING 62
TABLE 36 GLOBAL FOOD PROCESSING DRIVERS, 2015 (% OF VALUE ADDED IN
MANUFACTURING, % OF MERCHANDISE EXPORTS) 62
TABLE 37 GLOBAL FOOD PROCESSING MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 64
GOVERNMENT-DEFENSE 64
TABLE 38 GLOBAL GOVERNMENT-DEFENSE ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 65
GOVERNMENT-NONDEFENSE 65
TABLE 39 GENERAL GOVERNMENTAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE AND ANNUAL
GROWTH, 2014 (% OF GDP, ANNUAL % GROWTH) 65
TABLE 40 GLOBAL GOVERNMENT NON-DEFENSE ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 68
HEALTHCARE 68
TABLE 41 NUMBER OF PHYSICIANS AND HOSPITAL BEDS, 2015 (PER 1,000 PEOPLE) 68
TABLE 42 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021
($ MILLIONS) 70
HOUSEHOLDS 71
TABLE 43 GLOBAL HOUSEHOLD ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 71
PHARMACEUTICAL MANUFACTURING 71
TABLE 44 GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL MANUFACTURING ROBOTICS MARKET BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TEXTILE AND CLOTHING MANUFACTURING 72
TABLE 45 TEXTILES AND CLOTHING MANUFACTURING, 2014 (% OF VALUE ADDED
IN MANUFACTURING) 72
TABLE 46 GLOBAL TEXTILE AND CLOTHING ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 74
CHAPTER 6 FORECASTS BY ROBOT-PERFORMED TASK 76
ROBOT-PERFORMED TASKS 76
TABLE 47 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET SIZE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 48 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET GROWTH BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021
($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 49 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR ASSEMBLY BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 50 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR ASSISTED TRANSPORT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 51 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR BUILDING SECURITY BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 52 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR CONSTRUCTION AND
DEMOLITION BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 53 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR COURIERS AND GUIDES BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 54 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR DISPENSING BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 55 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR ENTERTAINMENT BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 56 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR EXTERIOR MAINTENANCE BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 57 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR FLOOR MAINTENANCE BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 58 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
DISPOSAL BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 81
TABLE 59 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR INSPECTION AND SAMPLE
COLLECTION BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 81
TABLE 60 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR LABORATORY BENCH
ASSISTANCE BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 81
TABLE 61 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR MATERIAL HANDLING BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 62 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR PAINTING, COATING AND
GLUING BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 63 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR PALLETIZING AND
PACKAGING BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 64 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR PART CUTTING AND FORMING
BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 65 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR SURGERY BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 66 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR SURVEILLANCE BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 67 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR WELDING AND SOLDERING BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 84
CHAPTER 7 ROBOTICS FORECAST BY TYPE OF PRODUCT 86
TABLE 68 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 86
WHOLE ROBOTS 86
TABLE 69 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 70 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET BY SIZE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 71 GLOBAL ROBOTS MARKET BY GROWTH, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 88
ROBOT PARTS 88
TABLE 72 GLOBAL ROBOTIC PARTS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 89
TABLE 73 GLOBAL ROBOTIC PARTS MARKET, BY SIZE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 89
TABLE 74 GLOBAL ROBOTIC PARTS MARKET, BY GROWTH, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 90
ROBOT SOFTWARE 90
TABLE 75 GLOBAL ROBOTICS SOFTWARE MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 91
TABLE 76 GLOBAL ROBOTICS SOFTWARE MARKET, BY SIZE, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 91
TABLE 77 GLOBAL ROBOT SOFTWARE MARKET BY GROWTH, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 92
SAFETY MATERIALS 92
TABLE 78 GLOBAL ROBOTICS SAFETY MATERIALS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH
2021 ($ MILLIONS) 93
TABLE 79 GLOBAL ROBOTICS SAFETY MATERIALS MARKET BY SIZE, THROUGH
2021 ($ MILLIONS) 93
TABLE 80 GLOBAL SAFETY MATERIALS MARKET BY GROWTH, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 94
CHAPTER 8 BASIC ROBOTICS TECHNOLOGY 96
TECHNOLOGIES 97
ACTUATION 97
TABLE 81 NOTEWORTHY ACTUATION RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015-MARCH
2016 98
CALIBRATION 98
TABLE 82 NOTEWORTHY CALIBRATION RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY
2015-MARCH 2016 98
CONFIGURATION 99
TABLE 83 NOTEWORTHY CONFIGURATION RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 -
MARCH 2016 99
CONTROL AND MOTION CONTROL 100
TABLE 84 NOTEWORTHY CONTROL RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 - MARCH
2016 101
END OF ARM TOOLS 101
LEARNING 102
TABLE 85 NOTEWORTHY ROBOT LEARNING RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 -
MARCH 2016 102
MANIPULATION 103
TABLE 86 NOTEWORTHY RESEARCH RELATED TO ROBOTIC MANIPULATION,
JANUARY 2015 - MARCH 2016 104
MISSIONS, TASKS AND PROCESSES 105
POWER MANAGEMENT 105
SENSING AND SENSORS 106
TABLE 87 NOTEWORTHY SENSOR RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 - MARCH
2016 107
CHAPTER 9 ADVANCED ROBOT TECHNOLOGY 111
TECHNOLOGIES 111
ADAPTATION 111
TABLE 88 NOTEWORTHY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY
2015 - MARCH 2016 112
AUTONOMY 112
TABLE 89 NOTEWORTHY AUTONOMY RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 - MARCH
2016 113
COGNITION 114
COLLABORATIVE ROBOTS 114
COLLISION AVOIDANCE 115
DEPENDABILITY 115
INTERACTION-HUMAN AND ROBOT 115
INTERACTION-ROBOT AND ROBOT 116
LOCOMOTION 117
KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS 117
LOCALIZATION 117
TABLE 90 NOTEWORTHY RESEARCH RELATED TO LOCALIZATION, JANUARY 2015 -
MARCH 2016 118
MATERIALS 119
TABLE 91 NOTEWORTHY MATERIALS RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 - MARCH
2016 120
NAVIGATION 121
TABLE 92 NOTEWORTHY NAVIGATION RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 -
MARCH 2016 122
SENSOR FUSION 122
SWARMS AND NETWORKS 123
TABLE 93 NOTEWORTHY RESEARCH RELATED TO SWARMING, JANUARY 2015 -
MARCH 2016 124
TELEROBOTICS 124
VISION 124
TABLE 94 NOTEWORTHY VISION RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 - MARCH 2016 126
CHAPTER 10 PATENT ANALYSIS 129
RECENT PATENT ACTIVITY 129
TABLE 95 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO THE MOST VISIBLE ROBOT SUPPLIERS
DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22, 2016 (NO. OF PATENTS) 130
TABLE 96 U.S. UTILITY PATENTS THAT REFERENCE ROBOTS OR ROBOTICS,
DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22, 2016 130
TABLE 97 U.S. DESIGN PATENTS THAT REFERENCE ROBOTS OR ROBOTICS,
DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22, 2016 159
TABLE 98 RECENT RE-ISSUED U.S. PATENTS THAT REFERENCE ROBOTS OR
ROBOTICS, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22, 2016 161
TECHNOLOGICALLY SIGNIFICANT ROBOTIC PATENTS 161
PROGRAMMED ARTICLE TRANSFER 161
METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING WAFERS IN A SEMICONDUCTOR
TAPE-PEELING APPARATUS 161
WELDING MACHINE AND METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING SAME 162
LINKING ELEMENT WITH SCREW JACK AND ITS USE FOR AN INDUSTRIAL
ROBOT ARM 162
PAINT SPRAY BOOTH WITH ROBOT 162
SUPPORTING STRUCTURE 162
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING WAFERS 163
LIGHT PINPOINTING DEVICE FOR A ROBOT 163
REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR BIPED LOCOMOTION ROBOT 163
SCARA-TYPE ROBOT WITH COUNTERBALANCED ARMS 164
STACK GRASPER FOR SHEETLIKE PRODUCTS AND METHOD OF
PALLETIZING USING A STACK GRASPER 164
ERROR-RECOVERY METHODS FOR CONTROLLING ROBOTIC SYSTEMS 164
SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY FOCUSING THE ATTENTION
OF A VIRTUAL ROBOT INTERACTING WITH USERS 165
METHOD AND ASSOCIATED APPARATUS FOR CAPTURING, SERVICING, AND
DEORBITING EARTH SATELLITES USING ROBOTICS 165
ROBOT APPARATUS AND EMOTION REPRESENTING METHOD 165
MODULAR WALL-CLIMBING ROBOT WITH TRANSITION CAPABILITY 166
IMPACT-ABSORBING MECHANISM OF WALKING ROBOT 166
LINK ASSEMBLY FOR A SNAKELIKE ROBOT ARM 167
OMNIDIRECTIONAL ROBOT CLEANER 167
QUADRUPED WALKING ROBOT 167
AERIAL ROBOT WITH DISPENSABLE CONDUCTIVE FILAMENT 168
ENERGY-EFFICIENT ROBOTIC SYSTEM 168
LEGGED LOCOMOTION ROBOT 168
FLEXIBLE INSTRUMENT 168
AUTONOMOUS MOBILE ROBOT 169
ROBOTIC LOCOMOTION METHOD AND MOBILE ROBOT 169
STABLE MOTION CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A LEGGED MOBILE
ROBOT 169
DEVICE AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY SETTING INTERLOCK
BETWEEN ROBOTS 170
METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR PRESENTING CHALLENGES TO TELL
HUMANS AND COMPUTERS APART 170
LEGGED ROBOT 170
DUAL TRACKED MOBILE ROBOT FOR MOTION IN ROUGH TERRAIN 171
ROBOT AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ROBOT 171
SURGICAL SLAVE ROBOT 171
LEGGED ROBOT AND CONTROL METHOD 171
COMPANION ROBOT FOR PERSONAL INTERACTION 172
WEAPON ROBOT WITH SITUATIONAL AWARENESS 172
ROBOT DEPLOYED WEAPON SYSTEM AND SAFING METHOD 173
ENVIRONMENT MAP GENERATING METHOD AND MOBILE ROBOT 173
GAIT GENERATING SYSTEM AND CONTROL DEVICE OF LEGGED MOBILE
ROBOT 174
AUTOMATED ROBOTIC SYSTEM FOR HANDLING SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS 174
ROBOT 174
FLOOR WASHING ROBOT 175
FUEL CELL FOR MICROCAPSULE-TYPE ROBOT AND MICROCAPSULE-TYPE
ROBOT 175
INDUSTRIAL ROBOT 175
ELECTRICAL SPECIFIC RESISTIVITY PROBING ROBOT 176
MICROSURGICAL ROBOT SYSTEM 176
ROBOT SKIN 176
ROBOT 177
WALKING ROBOT 177
ROBOTICALLY GUIDED CATHETER 177
BIPLANAR FLUOROSCOPY GUIDED ROBOT SYSTEM FOR MINIMALLY
INVASIVE SURGERY AND THE CONTROL METHOD 178
CLEANING ROBOT SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING 178
INDUSTRIAL ROBOT SYSTEM 178
ROBOT AND METHOD FOR BENDING ORTHODONTIC ARCH WIRES AND
OTHER MEDICAL DEVICES 179
MOBILE ROBOTIC VEHICLE 179
MOBILE ROBOT 180
METHOD FOR ASSISTING WITH PERCUTANEOUS INTERVENTIONS 180
MULTI-FINGERED ROBOT HAND 180
POLYMER ELECTROLYTE, ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE, AND ACTUATOR
ELEMENT 181
BIPEDAL WALKING ROBOT 181
ROBOTIC SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OBSERVING, LEARNING, AND
SUPPORTING HUMAN ACTIVITIES 182
TENDON ENHANCED END EFFECTOR 182
ROBOTS WITH OCCLUSION AVOIDANCE FUNCTIONALITY 182
ROBOT FOR MINIMALLY INVASIVE INTERVENTIONS 183
AUTOMATED BRICK LAYING SYSTEM 183
MICROSURGICAL ROBOT SYSTEM 183
STABILIZED UAV RECOVERY SYSTEM 184
ROBOTIC BASED HEALTH CARE SYSTEM 184
ROBOT HAND AND HUMANOID ROBOT 184
SYSTEM FOR CARRYING OUT AUTOMATIC DRILLING/RIVETING PROCESS IN
AERONAUTICAL ASSEMBLY PIECES 185
MOVING ROUTE PLANNING METHOD AND NAVIGATION METHOD FOR
AVOIDING DYNAMIC HINDRANCES FOR MOBILE ROBOT DEVICE 185
MINIMALLY INVASIVE MEDICAL SYSTEM EMPLOYING A MAGNETICALLY
CONTROLLED EN DO-ROBOT 185
COMPANION ROBOT FOR PERSONAL INTERACTION 186
MEDICAL TELE-ROBOTIC SYSTEM 186
CLEANING ROBOT 186
ROBOTICALLY GUIDED CATHETER 187
NURSING SYSTEM 187
METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PERFORMING INVASIVE MEDICAL PROCEDURES
USING A SURGICAL ROBOT 187
ROBOTIC VEHICLE 188
TOUCH-SENSITIVE ROBOT 188
VERTICAL ARTICULATED ROBOT 188
MEDICAL ROBOT FOR USE IN AN MRI 189
ROBOT-DEPLOYED ASSEMBLY TOOL AND METHOD FOR INSTALLING
FASTENERS IN AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES 189
TACTILE SENSOR 189
ARC WELDING ROBOT 190
HUMANOID ROBOT 190
INDUSTRIAL ROBOT 190
HIGH RADIATION ENVIRONMENT TUNNEL MONITORING SYSTEM AND
METHOD 191
ROBOT FOR TRAINING A REHABILITATOR 191
ROBOTS WITH COLLISION AVOIDANCE FUNCTIONALITY 191
METHOD AND DEVICE FOR POSITIONING STRINGERS ON AN AIRCRAFT
SKIN, IN PARTICULAR ON A WING SKIN 192
PRODUCTION SYSTEM HAVING COOPERATING PROCESS AREA BETWEEN
HUMAN AND ROBOT 192
ROBOTIC REHABILITATION APPARATUS AND METHOD 193
BIDIRECTIONAL MOVING MICRO-ROBOT SYSTEM 193
WALKING ROBOT 193
INTELLIGENT STEPPING FOR HUMANOID FALL DIRECTION CHANGE 194
ROBOT HEAD WITH ARTIFICIAL EARS 194
METHOD OF OPERATING AN IN-LINE LEGGED ROBOT VEHICLE 194
INTERNAL PIPE COATING INSPECTION ROBOT 195
ROBOT, METHOD AND PROGRAM OF CORRECTING A ROBOT VOICE IN
ACCORDANCE WITH HEAD MOVEMENT 195
SHARED ROBOT KNOWLEDGE BASE FOR USE WITH CLOUD COMPUTING
SYSTEM 195
SUCTION-TYPE ROBOT HAND WITH WEIGHT MEASUREMENT FUNCTION 196
THEREMIN-PLAYER ROBOT 196
AUTONOMOUS COVERAGE ROBOT 196
AUTONOMOUS SURFACE CLEANING ROBOT FOR DRY CLEANING 197
GRIPPER OF ROBOT FOR ASSEMBLING VEHICLE 197
MOPPING ASSEMBLY FOR A MOBILE ROBOT 198
STEADY HAND MICROMANIPULATION ROBOT 198
ROBOT, A DOCKING SYSTEM AND A DOCKING METHOD 198
SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GUIDING A ROBOT CLEANER ALONG A PATH 199
CALIBRATION TOOL FOR A DELTA ROBOT 199
CHAPTER 11 THE ROBOTICS COMMUNITY 201
COMMERCIAL PARTICIPANTS 201
ABB ROBOTICS 201
TABLE 99 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO ABB, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22,
2016 201
AETHON 203
ALDEBARAN ROBOTICS 203
ALPHABET INC. 203
AMAZON INC. 204
BAE SYSTEMS PLC 204
BARRETT TECHNOLOGY INC. 204
BLACK-I ROBOTICS 204
BLUEFIN ROBOTICS 205
BOEING CO. 205
BOSCH REXROTH 205
BOSTON DYNAMICS 205
CLEARPATH ROBOTICS 206
COMAU 206
DENSO ROBOTICS 206
DJI 206
ENERGID TECHNOLOGIES 207
EPSON ROBOTS 207
FANUC ROBOTICS AMERICA INC. 207
TABLE 100 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO FANUC, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22,
2016 208
GENESIS SYSTEMS GROUP LLC 209
HANSEN MEDICAL 210
HARVEST AUTOMATION INC. 210
HITACHI LTD. 210
HONDA ENGINEERING NORTH AMERICA INC. 211
INTELLIBOT ROBOTICS 211
INTUITIVE SURGICAL INC. 211
TABLE 101 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO INTUITIVE SURGICAL, DECEMBER 12, 2013
- MARCH 22, 2016 212
IROBOT CORP. 212
TABLE 102 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO IROBOT, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22,
2016 213
JOHN DEERE 216
KAIROS AUTONOMI 216
KAWASAKI ROBOTICS 216
KUKA ROBOTICS CORP. 217
TABLE 103 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO KUKA, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22,
2016 217
LIQUID ROBOTICS 219
LOCKHEED MARTIN 219
MAKO SURGICAL 219
MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC AUTOMATION INC. 220
MOTOMAN ROBOTICS 220
NACHI ROBOTICS 221
OMRON ADEPT TECHNOLOGIES 221
PANASONIC 221
PAR SYSTEMS INC. 222
QINETIQ 222
RECONROBOTICS 223
RESTORATION ROBOTICS 223
RETHINK ROBOTICS 223
ROBAI 223
ROBOTIQ 224
SAMSUNG 224
TABLE 104 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO SAMSUNG, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH
22, 2016 224
SCHIEBEL TECHNOLOGY INC. 229
SCHUNK 229
SEEGRID 230
SHENYANG INSTITUTE OF AUTOMATION 230
SIASUN ROBOT and AUTOMATION 230
SICK INC. 231
SOFTBANK ROBOTICS CORP. 231
SOIL MACHINE DYNAMICS LTD. 231
STAUBLI 232
TOSHIBA MACHINE CO., AMERICA 232
TOYOTA 232
TABLE 105 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO TOYOTA, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22,
2016 233
VECNA TECHNOLOGIES 234
VECTORNAV TECHNOLOGIES 234
VENTAX ROBOT INC. 234
WOLF ROBOTICS 235
YAMAHA ROBOTICS 235
YASKAWA AMERICA 235
TABLE 106 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO YASKAWA, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH
22, 2016 236
ZAYTRAN 239
NON-COMMERCIAL PARTICIPANTS 239
BRITISH AUTOMATION AND ROBOTICS ASSOCIATION 239
ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH INSTITUTE 239
EUNITED ROBOTICS 240
EUROBOTICS 240
GUSTAVO STEFANINI ROBOTICS RESEARCH CENTER 240
INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS 241
INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF ROBOTICS 241
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION (ISO) 241
JAPAN ROBOT ASSOCIATION 242
NASA - ROBOTICS ALLIANCE PROJECT 242
ROBOTICS INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION 242
ROBOTICS SOCIETY OF JAPAN 243
ACADEMIC ORGANIZATIONS 243
AUSTRALIAN CENTRE FOR FIELD ROBOTICS 243
CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY ROBOTICS INSTITUTE 243
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 244
TABLE 107 ACTIVE ACADEMIC ROBOT RESEARCH PROGRAMS, JANUARY 2016 244

LIST OF TABLES
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 7
TABLE 1 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 12
TABLE 2 INDUSTRIAL VALUE ADDED IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET (% OF GDP) 14
TABLE 3 GLOBAL INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 16
TABLE 4 NUMBER OF PHYSICIANS BY REGION, 2015 (PER 1,000 PEOPLE) 17
TABLE 5 GLOBAL PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 20
TABLE 6 NATIONAL MILITARY SPENDING, 2015 (% OF GDP) 21
TABLE 7 GLOBAL MILITARY ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 23
TABLE 8 GINI INDEX AS AN INDICATOR OF LUXURY DEMAND, 2015 (HIGH VALUES
SHOW HIGH POTENTIAL) 25
TABLE 9 GLOBAL DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH
2021 ($ MILLIONS) 27
TABLE 10 LOSSES DUE TO THEFT, ROBBERY, VANDALISM, AND ARSON, 2014 (% OF
SALES) 28
TABLE 11 GLOBAL SECURITY ROBOTS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 30
TABLE 12 PERCENTAGE OF WORKERS 64 YEARS AND OLDER (%) 33
TABLE 13 GROSS CAPITAL FORMATION (% OF GDP) 33
TABLE 14 GROSS DOMESTIC SAVINGS (% OF GDP) 34
TABLE 15 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 36
TABLE 16 ASIA-PACIFIC ROBOTICS MARKET, BY TYPE , THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 17 EUROPE PLUS ROBOTICS MARKET, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 38
TABLE 18 NORTH AMERICAN ROBOTICS MARKET, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 39
TABLE 19 OTHER ROBOTICS MARKETS, BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 40
TABLE 20 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET, BY END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 42
TABLE 21 GLOBAL AEROSPACE ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 43
TABLE 22 AMOUNT OF AGRICULTURAL LAND BY COUNTRY, 2014 (KM2 ) 44
TABLE 23 GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021
($ MILLIONS) 46
TABLE 24 GLOBAL AUTOMOTIVE ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 47
TABLE 25 GLOBAL URBAN CONCENTRATION AND GROWTH (POPULATION, ANNUAL
GROWTH %) 47
TABLE 26 GLOBAL BUILDING MAINTENANCE ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 49
TABLE 27 CHEMICAL PRODUCTION AND FOSSIL FUEL (CHEMICAL % OF VALUE
ADDED IN MANUFACTURING, FOSSIL FUEL ENERGY CONSUMPTION % OF TOTAL) 50
TABLE 28 GLOBAL CHEMICAL AND FUEL PROCESSING MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 52
TABLE 29 GLOBAL CONSTRUCTION ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021
($ MILLIONS) 53
TABLE 30 GLOBAL PER CAPITA INCOME (CURRENT $ U.S. IN 2015) 54
TABLE 31 GLOBAL CONSUMER PRODUCTS ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 56
TABLE 32 NATIONAL AND MALE ENROLLMENT (% OF GROSS SCHOOL ENROLLMENT) 56
TABLE 33 GLOBAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 59
TABLE 34 GLOBAL HIGH-TECHNOLOGY EXPORTS, 2015 (2015 CURRENT U.S. $
BILLIONS) 59
TABLE 35 GLOBAL ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 61
TABLE 36 GLOBAL FOOD PROCESSING DRIVERS, 2015 (% OF VALUE ADDED IN
MANUFACTURING, % OF MERCHANDISE EXPORTS) 62
TABLE 37 GLOBAL FOOD PROCESSING MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 64
TABLE 38 GLOBAL GOVERNMENT-DEFENSE ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 65
TABLE 39 GENERAL GOVERNMENTAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE AND ANNUAL
GROWTH, 2014 (% OF GDP, ANNUAL % GROWTH) 65
TABLE 40 GLOBAL GOVERNMENT NON-DEFENSE ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 68
TABLE 41 NUMBER OF PHYSICIANS AND HOSPITAL BEDS, 2015 (PER 1,000 PEOPLE) 68
TABLE 42 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 70
TABLE 43 GLOBAL HOUSEHOLD ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 71
TABLE 44 GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL MANUFACTURING ROBOTICS MARKET BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 45 TEXTILES AND CLOTHING MANUFACTURING, 2014 (% OF VALUE ADDED IN
MANUFACTURING) 72
TABLE 46 GLOBAL TEXTILE AND CLOTHING ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 74
TABLE 47 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET SIZE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 48 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET GROWTH BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 49 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR ASSEMBLY BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 50 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR ASSISTED TRANSPORT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 51 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR BUILDING SECURITY BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 52 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR CONSTRUCTION AND
DEMOLITION BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 53 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR COURIERS AND GUIDES BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 54 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR DISPENSING BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 55 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR ENTERTAINMENT BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 56 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR EXTERIOR MAINTENANCE BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 57 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR FLOOR MAINTENANCE BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 58 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
DISPOSAL BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 81
TABLE 59 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR INSPECTION AND SAMPLE
COLLECTION BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 81
TABLE 60 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR LABORATORY BENCH
ASSISTANCE BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 81
TABLE 61 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR MATERIAL HANDLING BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 62 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR PAINTING, COATING AND
GLUING BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 63 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR PALLETIZING AND PACKAGING
BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 82
TABLE 64 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR PART CUTTING AND FORMING
BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 65 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR SURGERY BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 66 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR SURVEILLANCE BY REGION,
THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 83
TABLE 67 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS USED FOR WELDING AND SOLDERING BY
REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 84
TABLE 68 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 86
TABLE 69 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 70 GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET BY SIZE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 87
TABLE 71 GLOBAL ROBOTS MARKET BY GROWTH, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 88
TABLE 72 GLOBAL ROBOTIC PARTS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 89
TABLE 73 GLOBAL ROBOTIC PARTS MARKET, BY SIZE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS) 89
TABLE 74 GLOBAL ROBOTIC PARTS MARKET, BY GROWTH, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 90
TABLE 75 GLOBAL ROBOTICS SOFTWARE MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 91
TABLE 76 GLOBAL ROBOTICS SOFTWARE MARKET, BY SIZE, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 91
TABLE 77 GLOBAL ROBOT SOFTWARE MARKET BY GROWTH, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 92
TABLE 78 GLOBAL ROBOTICS SAFETY MATERIALS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH
2021 ($ MILLIONS) 93
TABLE 79 GLOBAL ROBOTICS SAFETY MATERIALS MARKET BY SIZE, THROUGH 2021
($ MILLIONS) 93
TABLE 80 GLOBAL SAFETY MATERIALS MARKET BY GROWTH, THROUGH 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 94
TABLE 81 NOTEWORTHY ACTUATION RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015-MARCH
2016 98
TABLE 82 NOTEWORTHY CALIBRATION RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015-MARCH
2016 98
TABLE 83 NOTEWORTHY CONFIGURATION RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 -
MARCH 2016 99
TABLE 84 NOTEWORTHY CONTROL RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 - MARCH
2016 101
TABLE 85 NOTEWORTHY ROBOT LEARNING RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 -
MARCH 2016 102
TABLE 86 NOTEWORTHY RESEARCH RELATED TO ROBOTIC MANIPULATION,
JANUARY 2015 - MARCH 2016 104
TABLE 87 NOTEWORTHY SENSOR RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 - MARCH
2016 107
TABLE 88 NOTEWORTHY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY
2015 - MARCH 2016 112
TABLE 89 NOTEWORTHY AUTONOMY RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 - MARCH
2016 113
TABLE 90 NOTEWORTHY RESEARCH RELATED TO LOCALIZATION, JANUARY 2015 -
MARCH 2016 118
TABLE 91 NOTEWORTHY MATERIALS RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 - MARCH
2016 120
TABLE 92 NOTEWORTHY NAVIGATION RELATED RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 - MARCH
2016 122
TABLE 93 NOTEWORTHY RESEARCH RELATED TO SWARMING, JANUARY 2015 -
MARCH 2016 124
TABLE 94 NOTEWORTHY VISION RESEARCH, JANUARY 2015 - MARCH 2016 126
TABLE 95 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO THE MOST VISIBLE ROBOT SUPPLIERS
DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22, 2016 (NO. OF PATENTS) 130
TABLE 96 U.S. UTILITY PATENTS THAT REFERENCE ROBOTS OR ROBOTICS,
DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22, 2016 130
TABLE 97 U.S. DESIGN PATENTS THAT REFERENCE ROBOTS OR ROBOTICS,
DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22, 2016 159
TABLE 98 RECENT RE-ISSUED U.S. PATENTS THAT REFERENCE ROBOTS OR
ROBOTICS, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22, 2016 161
TABLE 99 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO ABB, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22, 2016 201
TABLE 100 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO FANUC, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22,
2016 208
TABLE 101 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO INTUITIVE SURGICAL, DECEMBER 12, 2013 -
MARCH 22, 2016 212
TABLE 102 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO IROBOT, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22,
2016 213
TABLE 103 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO KUKA, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22,
2016 217
TABLE 104 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO SAMSUNG, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH
22, 2016 224
TABLE 105 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO TOYOTA, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22,
2016 233
TABLE 106 U.S. PATENTS AWARDED TO YASKAWA, DECEMBER 12, 2013 - MARCH 22,
2016 236
TABLE 107 ACTIVE ACADEMIC ROBOT RESEARCH PROGRAMS, JANUARY 2016 244

LIST OF FIGURES
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL ROBOTICS MARKET, BY REGION, 2016 AND 2021 ($
MILLIONS) 7

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