Robotics: Technologies and Global Markets

  • February 2013
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 202 pages

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The goal of this study was to present a comprehensive view of the global robotics industry from the research laboratory to the replacement parts business. To that end the study had three objectives:

The first was to analyze key developments in robotics that have occurred since BCC Research last examined this rapidly changing market in the last quarter of 2010.
The second was to develop 2013 to 2018 product demand forecasts based on recent developments that alter the industry’s technological and economic landscape in North America, Asia, Europe, and other developed nations.
The third was to present for each of those regions a comprehensive set of tables that forecast current U.S. dollar value demand for four categories of robot products; six types of robots; 16 robot-using industries; and 26 end-user applications for robots.

In addition to its technology analysis and forecasts, this study includes a chapter containing background and contact information for key industry participants, and a patent analysis accompanied by a list of patent numbers and titles of the more than 700 robot patents issued by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office since the previous BCC Research analysis.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

In late 2010, BCC Research examined the robotics industry, and in April 2011 published a study in which it noted that technological and military needs had created a climate for the accelerated acceptance of robots far afield from the factory floor, their origin and current economic base. Those industry-sustaining innovations continued through 2012. BCC also observed a shift in the nature of improvements.

There have been two clear signals that a fundamental change in the industry has begun. The first of those signals is the rapidly accelerating pace of innovation. During 2012, the number of U.S. patent filings that referenced robots in their abstracts rose sharply, to an average of nine per week, twice the number of that during the industry’s first 30 years. The second signal is contained in the nature of the ideas protected by those patents. A large number of the more than 700 inventions patented since BCC published its last study individually describe methods for improving a robot’s ability to recognize and interact with its surroundings. In other words, these are the inventions that will give robots “situational awareness,” a dynamic “sense of place” that allows truly autonomous operation. Situational awareness is the single most critical quality required by a robot before it can safely work alongside humans not as a tool, but as a partner. In the broader sense, a robot’s acquisition of situational awareness also marks the transition moment for the industry, when robotics steps beyond being a sustaining technology and enters the realm of disruptive technologies, with the promise and uncertainty that such an advance implies.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

Robotics: Technologies and Global Markets offers a granular level of detail that can be useful to executive and senior managers across the full spectrum of manufacturing and marketing activities in:

Aerospace.
Agriculture.
Alternate energy systems.
Automotive manufacturing.
Border protection.
Chemical and fuel processing.
Commercial building maintenance.
Construction.
Consumer products manufacturing.
Defense-related governmental activities.
Education and research.
Electronics manufacturing.
Food processing.
Health care.
Home care.
Law enforcement.
Medicine and surgery.
Non-defense governmental activities.
Pharmaceutical manufacturing.
Textile and clothing manufacturing.
Unmanned aerial, maritime, and surface vehicles production.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

Robotics: Technologies and Global Markets provides both a review of recent key developments in robotics and a forecast that examines the industry from the perspective of robot makers and their traditional and prospective end users. The study itself is divided into eight chapters followed by an appendix. Chapters One through Five focus on the markets for robots and present the study’s demand forecasts. Chapters Six and Seven, respectively, describe basic and advanced robotic components and systems. Chapter Eight is a patent analysis that includes names and titles of more than 700 patents referencing robots that have been issued since May 1, 2011. Abstracts of key patents, since the beginning of the industry, offer an historical perspective. The Appendix contains names, contact information, and brief descriptions of the major academic, government and commercial stakeholders in the broader robotics enterprise. A Summary Table with an accompanying chart and 77 additional tables, most of which present forecast data, round out the presentation.

ROBOTS NOT INCLUDED IN THIS STUDY

This study excludes software applications known as Internet robots, automated machine tools, implanted medical devices, active prosthetics, and power-assisted “exoskeletons.” Robot kits for hobbyists also have been omitted. Finally, because this study focuses exclusively on the product level, it omits robot-related engineering and systems integration services.

INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this report. BCC Research has reviewed more than 1,000 companies and university-based robotics programs to obtain data for this study. It also reviewed reports and studies prepared for peer–reviewed professional literature, as well as reports by the technical staffs of the U.S. Department of Commerce, the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, the Department of Transportation, the Energy Information Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Academy of Sciences, and the National Science Foundation. Also consulted were Chinese, European, and Japanese counterparts of these organizations, as well as the United Nations and the World Bank. Other data came from robotics company and robotics association presentations at open sessions of scientific and technical conferences. Forecasts in this report examine demand for robots by region and by robot type.

ANALYST CREDENTIALS

James Wilson is the author of the 2007, 2009 and 2011 editions of Robotics: Technologies and Global Markets, as well as six other robotic-related studies published by BCC Research. In addition to his work as a technology analyst, Wilson previously served as editor of the Princeton Business Journal and as senior science and technology editor for Hearst Magazines. He is a past member of the National Association of Science Writers and the American Medical Writers Association. Wilson served on the adjunct faculty of Temple University and on the staffs of Drexel University and the Academy of Natural Sciences. His other robotics-related BCC studies are:

IASO22A, IAS022B, and IAS022C Remote Sensing Technologies and Global Markets.
IFTO62A Mobile Telematics: Global Markets and Technologies.
IFTO62B Mobile Telematics Handbook.
IFT064A Intelligent Wireless Microsystems.
EGY057A Power Electronics: Technologies and Global Markets.
ISA028B Portable Analysis Instrumentation.

Table Of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 1
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 1
INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE AND FORMAT 2
ROBOTS NOT INCLUDED IN THIS STUDY 3
INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY 3
RELATED BCC REPORTS 3
ANALYST CREDENTIALS 3
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 4
DISCLAIMER 4
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 6
SUMMARY TABLE DEMAND FOR ROBOTS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 6
SUMMARY FIGURE INCREASES IN THE REGIONAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS
2011-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 6
CHAPTER 3 ROBOTS AND THEIR MARKETS 9
DEFINING ROBOTS AND THEIR MARKETS 9
THE ENGINEER'S PERSPECTIVE 9
QUEST FOR A HARMONIZED DEFINITION 10
DEFINING REGIONAL MARKETS 11
TABLE 1 DEMAND FOR ROBOTS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 12
THE NORTH AMERICAN MARKET 12
TABLE 2 ROBOT DEMAND IN NORTH AMERICA, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 12
THE EUROPEAN UNION MARKET, WITH FORECAST 12
TABLE 3 EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES IN THIS STUDY 14
TABLE 4 ROBOT DEMAND IN THE EUROPEAN UNION, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 14
THE ASIA MARKET, WITH FORECAST 14
TABLE 5 ASIAN COUNTRIES IN THIS STUDY 15
TABLE 6 ROBOT DEMAND IN ASIAN COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 15
OTHER MARKETS, WITH FORECAST 16
TABLE 7 OTHER ROBOT MARKETS IN THIS STUDY 16
TABLE 8 ROBOT DEMAND IN OTHER MARKETS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 17
DEVELOPMENTAL DRIVERS 17
TABLE 9 WEEKLY NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED THAT REFERENCE
ROBOTS, JANUARY 1, 1970 TO DECEMBER 14, 2012 18
TABLE 10 THE 10 FASTEST-GROWING ROBOT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2018 (CAGR%) 18
FUKUSHIMA TESTS HARSH-ENVIRONMENT ROBOTS 18
MIND-CONTROLLED ROBOTS 20
FIVE PERSPECTIVES ON GROWTH 22
TABLE 11 GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR ROBOTS AND ROBOTIC-RELATED
PRODUCTS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 (CAGR%) 22
TABLE 12 GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR ROBOTS AND ROBOTIC-RELATED
PRODUCTS, BY ROBOTIC PRODUCT, THROUGH 2018 (CAGR%) 22
TABLE 13 GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR ROBOTS AND ROBOTIC-RELATED
PRODUCTS, BY TYPE OF ROBOT, THROUGH 2018 (CAGR%) 23
TABLE 14 GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR ROBOTS AND ROBOTIC-RELATED
PRODUCTS, BY ROBOT-USING INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 (CAGR%) 23
TABLE 15 GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR ROBOTS AND ROBOTIC-RELATED
PRODUCTS, BY END-USER APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (CAGR%) 24
CHAPTER 4 WORKPLACE APPLICATIONS FOR ROBOTS 26
HOW WE USE ROBOTS 27
THE SIX TYPES OF ROBOTS 29
MARKETS BY TYPE OF ROBOT 30
TABLE 16 REGIONAL/TYPE OF ROBOT FORECAST, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 31
ROBOT DEMAND BY END-USER INDUSTRIES 31
TABLE 17 CONSOLIDATED END-USER INDUSTRY FORECAST, THROUGH 2018
($ MILLIONS) 32
INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS 34
TABLE 18 INDUSTRIAL ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 35
TABLE 19 INDUSTRIAL ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 36
TABLE 20 INDUSTRIAL ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA BY END-USER INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 38
TABLE 21 INDUSTRIAL ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 39
DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOTS 40
REGIONAL DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOTS FORECASTS 41
TABLE 22 DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 41
TABLE 23 DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN
UNION BY END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 41
TABLE 24 DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 42
TABLE 25 DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 42
PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOTS 43
TABLE 26 PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA
BY END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 43
TABLE 27 PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN
UNION BY END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 45
TABLE 28 PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA, BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 46
TABLE 29 PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS,
BY END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 48
MILITARY ROBOTS 49
HOW WE USE MILITARY ROBOTS 52
TABLE 30 COUNTRIES THAT DEPLOY MILITARY UNMANNED AERIAL
SYSTEMS (UAVS) 53
REGIONAL MILITARY ROBOT FORECASTS 53
TABLE 31 MILITARY ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA, BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 53
TABLE 32 MILITARY ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 54
TABLE 33 MILITARY ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA BY END-USER INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 54
TABLE 34 MILITARY ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 55
SECURITY ROBOTS 55
HOW WE USE SECURITY ROBOTS 56
TABLE 35 SECURITY ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 57
TABLE 36 SECURITY ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 58
TABLE 37 SECURITY ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA BY END-USER INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 59
TABLE 38 SECURITY ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 60
SPACE ROBOTS 60
HOW WE USE SPACE ROBOTS 62
TABLE 39 SPACE ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 63
TABLE 40 SPACE ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 63
TABLE 41 SPACE ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA BY END-USER INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 64
TABLE 42 SPACE ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 64
CHAPTER 5 TYPES OF ROBOTIC PRODUCTS 66
TABLE 43 ROBOT NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL CATEGORIZATION
SYSTEM (NAICS) CODES 66
TABLE 44 FORECAST BY ROBOTIC PRODUCT, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 67
WHOLE ROBOTS 67
TABLE 45 FORECAST FOR WHOLE ROBOTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 67
ROBOT PARTS 67
TABLE 46 FORECAST FOR ROBOT PARTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 68
ROBOTIC SOFTWARE 68
TABLE 47 FORECAST FOR ROBOTIC SOFTWARE BY REGION, THROUGH 2018
($ MILLIONS) 68
SAFETY MATERIALS 68
TABLE 48 FORECAST FOR ROBOT SAFETY MATERIALS BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 69
CHAPTER 6 MARKETS BY END-USER APPLICATION 71
TABLE 49 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR ASSISTIVE LIVING BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 50 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR BOMB AND LAND MINE DISPOSAL
BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 51 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR CIVILIAN SPACE BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 52 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR CLEANING AND INSPECTION BY
REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 53 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR COMMERCIAL SECURITY BY
REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 54 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION,
BY REGION THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 55 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR COURIERS AND GUIDES, BY
REGION THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74
TABLE 56 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR DISPENSING BY REGION, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74
TABLE 57 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR FLOOR MAINTENANCE BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74
TABLE 58 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR GROUNDS MAINTENANCE BY
REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 59 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR HOME SECURITY BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 60 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR LABORATORY BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 61 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR LAWN MOWING BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 62 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR LOGISTICAL SUPPORT BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 63 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR MACHINING BY REGION, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 64 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR MATERIAL APPLICATION BY
REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 65 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR MATERIAL HANDLING AND
ASSEMBLY BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 66 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR MEDICAL AND SURGICAL BY
REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 67 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR MILITARY SPACE BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 68 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR PALLETIZING BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 69 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR PROMOTIONAL, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 70 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR REFUELING BY REGION, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 71 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 72 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR SURVEILLANCE BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 73 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR VACUUM CLEANING BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 74 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR WELDING BY REGION, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 80
CHAPTER 7 BASIC ROBOT TECHNOLOGIES 82
ACTUATION 82
CALIBRATION 82
CONFIGURATION 82
CONTROL 84
END EFFECTORS, GRIPPERS, AND DEXTEROUS HANDS 85
LEARNING 86
MANIPULATION 86
MISSIONS, TASKS AND PROCESSES 87
MOTION CONTROL 88
POWER AND POWER MANAGEMENT 88
SENSING AND SENSORS 89
CHAPTER 8 ADVANCED ROBOT REQUIREMENTS 92
ADAPTATION 92
AUTONOMY 93
COGNITION 94
COLLISION AVOIDANCE 95
DEPENDABILITY 95
INTERACTION-HUMAN AND ROBOT 95
INTERACTION-ROBOT AND ROBOT 100
LOCOMOTION 101
KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS 103
LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING 103
LOCALIZATION 104
MATERIALS 104
NAVIGATION 105
PERCEPTION 107
ROBUSTNESS 107
SAFETY 107
SENSOR FUSION 108
SWARMS AND NETWORKS 108
TELEPRESENCE AND TELEROBOTICS 110
VISION 110
CHAPTER 9 ROBOT PATENT ANALYSIS 114
TABLE 75 U.S. PATENTS REFERENCING ROBOTS, BY DECADE, 1970S-2000S
(ISSUED JAN. 1, 1970 THROUGH DEC. 14, 2012) 114
TABLE 76 TREND IN ROBOT PATENT ISSUANCE (ISSUED JAN. 1, 2000
THROUGH DEC. 14, 2012) 114
KEY ROBOT PATENTS-1954 TO 2012 115
PROGRAMMED ARTICLE TRANSFER 115
METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING WAFERS IN A SEMICONDUCTOR
TAPE-PEELING APPARATUS 116
WELDING MACHINE AND METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING SAME 116
LINKING ELEMENT WITH SCREW JACK AND ITS USE FOR AN
INDUSTRIAL ROBOT ARM 116
PAINT SPRAY BOOTH WITH ROBOT 116
SUPPORTING STRUCTURE 117
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING WAFERS 117
LIGHT PINPOINTING DEVICE FOR A ROBOT 117
REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR BIPED LOCOMOTION ROBOT 118
SCARA-TYPE ROBOT WITH COUNTERBALANCED ARMS 118
STACK GRASPER FOR SHEETLIKE PRODUCTS AND METHOD OF
PALLETIZING USING A STACK GRASPER 118
ERROR-RECOVERY METHODS FOR CONTROLLING ROBOTIC
SYSTEMS 119
SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY FOCUSING THE
ATTENTION OF A VIRTUAL ROBOT INTERACTING WITH USERS 119
METHOD AND ASSOCIATED APPARATUS FOR CAPTURING,
SERVICING, AND DEORBITING EARTH SATELLITES USING ROBOTICS 119
ROBOT APPARATUS AND EMOTION REPRESENTING METHOD 120
MODULAR WALL-CLIMBING ROBOT WITH TRANSITION CAPABILITY 120
IMPACT-ABSORBING MECHANISM OF WALKING ROBOT 120
LINK ASSEMBLY FOR A SNAKELIKE ROBOT ARM 121
OMNIDIRECTIONAL ROBOT CLEANER 121
QUADRUPED WALKING ROBOT 121
AERIAL ROBOT WITH DISPENSABLE CONDUCTIVE FILAMENT 122
ENERGY-EFFICIENT ROBOTIC SYSTEM 122
LEGGED LOCOMOTION ROBOT 122
FLEXIBLE INSTRUMENT 123
AUTONOMOUS MOBILE ROBOT 123
ROBOTIC LOCOMOTION METHOD AND MOBILE ROBOT 123
STABLE MOTION CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A LEGGED
MOBILE ROBOT 124
DEVICE AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY SETTING INTERLOCK
BETWEEN ROBOTS 124
METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR PRESENTING CHALLENGES TO
TELL HUMANS AND COMPUTERS APART 124
LEGGED ROBOT 125
DUAL TRACKED MOBILE ROBOT FOR MOTION IN ROUGH TERRAIN 125
ROBOT AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ROBOT 125
SURGICAL SLAVE ROBOT 126
LEGGED ROBOT AND CONTROL METHOD 126
COMPANION ROBOT FOR PERSONAL INTERACTION 126
WEAPON ROBOT WITH SITUATIONAL AWARENESS 127
ROBOT DEPLOYED WEAPON SYSTEM AND SAFING METHOD 127
ENVIRONMENT MAP GENERATING METHOD AND MOBILE ROBOT 128
GAIT GENERATING SYSTEM AND CONTROL DEVICE OF LEGGED
MOBILE ROBOT 128
AUTOMATED ROBOTIC SYSTEM FOR HANDLING SURGICAL
INSTRUMENTS 128
ROBOT 129
FLOOR WASHING ROBOT 129
FUEL CELL FOR MICROCAPSULE-TYPE ROBOT AND
MICROCAPSULE-TYPE ROBOT 129
INDUSTRIAL ROBOT 130
ELECTRICAL SPECIFIC RESISTIVITY PROBING ROBOT 130
MICROSURGICAL ROBOT SYSTEM 130
ROBOT SKIN 131
ROBOT 131
WALKING ROBOT 132
ROBOTICALLY GUIDED CATHETER 132
BIPLANAR FLUOROSCOPY GUIDED ROBOT SYSTEM FOR MINIMALLY
INVASIVE SURGERY AND THE CONTROL METHOD 132
CLEANING ROBOT SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING 133
INDUSTRIAL ROBOT SYSTEM 133
ROBOT AND METHOD FOR BENDING ORTHODONTIC ARCHWIRES
AND OTHER MEDICAL DEVICES 133
MOBILE ROBOTIC VEHICLE 134
MOBILE ROBOT 134
METHOD FOR ASSISTING WITH PERCUTANEOUS INTERVENTIONS 135
MULTI-FINGERED ROBOT HAND 135
POLYMER ELECTROLYTE, ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE, AND
ACTUATOR ELEMENT 135
BIPEDAL WALKING ROBOT 136
ROBOTIC SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OBSERVING, LEARNING, AND
SUPPORTING HUMAN ACTIVITIES 136
TENDON ENHANCED END EFFECTOR 137
ROBOTS WITH OCCLUSION AVOIDANCE FUNCTIONALITY 137
ROBOT FOR MINIMALLY INVASIVE INTERVENTIONS 137
AUTOMATED BRICK LAYING SYSTEM 138
MICROSURGICAL ROBOT SYSTEM 138
STABILIZED UAV RECOVERY SYSTEM 138
ROBOTIC BASED HEALTH CARE SYSTEM 139
ROBOT HAND AND HUMANOID ROBOT 139
SYSTEM FOR CARRYING OUT AUTOMATIC DRILLING/RIVETING
PROCESS IN AERONAUTICAL ASSEMBLY PIECES 139
MOVING ROUTE PLANNING METHOD AND NAVIGATION METHOD
FOR AVOIDING DYNAMIC HINDRANCES FOR MOBILE ROBOT DEVICE 140
MINIMALLY INVASIVE MEDICAL SYSTEM EMPLOYING A
MAGNETICALLY CONTROLLED ENDO-ROBOT 140
COMPANION ROBOT FOR PERSONAL INTERACTION 140
MEDICAL TELE-ROBOTIC SYSTEM 141
CLEANING ROBOT 141
ROBOTICALLY GUIDED CATHETER 141
NURSING SYSTEM 142
METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PERFORMING INVASIVE MEDICAL
PROCEDURES USING A SURGICAL ROBOT 142
ROBOTIC VEHICLE 142
TOUCH-SENSITIVE ROBOT 143
VERTICAL ARTICULATED ROBOT 143
MEDICAL ROBOT FOR USE IN AN MRI 143
ROBOT-DEPLOYED ASSEMBLY TOOL AND METHOD FOR INSTALLING
FASTENERS IN AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES 144
TACTILE SENSOR 144
ARC WELDING ROBOT 144
HUMANOID ROBOT 145
INDUSTRIAL ROBOT 145
HIGH RADIATION ENVIRONMENT TUNNEL MONITORING SYSTEM
AND METHOD 145
ROBOT FOR TRAINING A REHABILITATOR 146
ROBOTS WITH COLLISION AVOIDANCE FUNCTIONALITY 146
METHOD AND DEVICE FOR POSITIONING STRINGERS ON AN
AIRCRAFT SKIN, IN PARTICULAR ON A WING SKIN 147
PRODUCTION SYSTEM HAVING COOPERATING PROCESS AREA
BETWEEN HUMAN AND ROBOT 147
ROBOTIC REHABILITATION APPARATUS AND METHOD 147
BIDIRECTIONAL MOVING MICRO-ROBOT SYSTEM 148
WALKING ROBOT 148
INTELLIGENT STEPPING FOR HUMANOID FALL DIRECTION CHANGE 148
TABLE 77 RECENT U.S. ROBOT PATENTS (ISSUED MAY 1, 2011 THROUGH
DEC. 14, 2012; MOST RECENT FIRST) 149
CHAPTER 10 APPENDIX: THE ROBOTICS COMMUNITY 170
2D3 INC. 170
AAI CORP. 171
ABB ROBOTICS 171
ADEPT TECHNOLOGY INC. 171
AEROVIRONMENT 172
AERYON LABS INC. 172
AETHON 173
ALDEBARAN ROBOTICS 173
AME UNMANNED AIR SYSTEMS INC. 174
ASSOCIATION OF TECHNOLOGY, MANAGEMENT, AND APPLIED
ENGINEERING 174
ASSOCIATION FOR UNMANNED VEHICLE SYSTEMS 174
AURORA FLIGHT SCIENCES 175
AUSTRALIAN CENTRE FOR FIELD ROBOTICS 175
BAE SYSTEMS, PLC 175
BOEING CO. 176
BARRETT TECHNOLOGY INC. 176
BLACK-I ROBOTICS 176
BLUEFIN ROBOTICS 177
BOSCH REXROTH 177
BOSTON DYNAMICS 177
BOSTON ENGINEERING 178
BROCK TECHNOLOGIES INC. 178
BRITISH AUTOMATION AND ROBOTICS ASSOCIATION PPMA LTD. 179
CARE PARTNERS 179
CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY ROBOTICS INSTITUTE 179
CEA (FRENCH ATOMIC ENERGY) 181
COMAU 181
COROWARE 182
DEFENSE DEPARTMENT ROBOTICS SYSTEMS JOINT PROJECT OFFICES 182
DENSO ROBOTICS 183
ENERGID TECHNOLOGIES 184
EPSON ROBOTS 184
EUNITED ROBOTICS: THE EUROPEAN ROBOTICS ASSOCIATION 184
EUROPEAN ROBOTICS RESEARCH NETWORK (EURON) 185
EUROPEAN TECHNOLOGY PLATFORMS 185
EVOLUTION ROBOTICS 185
FANUC ROBOTICS AMERICA INC. 186
GENERAL ATOMICS AERONAUTICAL SYSTEMS INC. 186
GENERAL DYNAMICS ROBOTIC SYSTEMS 186
GENESIS SYSTEMS GROUP LLC 187
GUSTAVO STEFANINI ROBOTICS RESEARCH CENTER 187
HANSEN MEDICAL 187
HARVEST AUTOMATION INC. 187
HEALTH ROBOTICS 188
HEARTLAND ROBOTICS INC. 188
HITACHI LTD. 188
HONDA ENGINEERING NORTH AMERICA INC. 189
INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS 189
INTELLIBOT ROBOTICS 190
INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF ROBOTICS 190
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION (ISO) 190
INTOUCH HEALTH 191
INTUITIVE SURGICAL INC. 191
IROBOT CORP. 191
JAPAN ROBOT ASSOCIATION 192
JOHN DEERE 192
KAIROS AUTONOMI 192
KAWASAKI ROBOTICS 193
KUKA ROBOTICS CORP. 193
LINCOLN ELECTRIC CO. AUTOMATION DIVISION 194
LIQUID ROBOTICS 194
LOCKHEED MARTIN 194
MAKO SURGICAL 195
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 195
MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD 196
MICRODRONES 196
MICROSOFT ROBOTICS 196
MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC AUTOMATION INC. 197
MOTOMAN ROBOTICS 197
NACHI ROBOTICS 198
NASA - JET PROPULSION LABORATORY (JPL) 198
NASA - ROBOTICS ALLIANCE PROJECT 198
NWUAV PROPULSION SYSTEMS 199
OBSERVINT TECHNOLOGIES/SC TECHNOLOGIES 199
PANASONIC FACTORY SOLUTIONS 199
PAR SYSTEMS INC. 199
PILZ AUTOMATION SAFETY 200
PRECISE PATH ROBOTICS 200
QINETIQ 200
RE2 201
RECONROBOTICS 201
RESTORATION ROBOTICS 201
ROBOTICS ASSOCIATION TAIWAN (ROBOAT) 202
ROBAI 202
ROBODYNAMICS 202
ROBOSOFT 203
ROBOTIC SYSTEMS JOINT PROJECT OFFICE (JPO) 203
ROBOTICS INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION 203
ROBOTICS SOCIETY OF JAPAN 204
ROBOTIQ 204
SCHIEBEL 204
SEEBYTE 205
SEEGRID 205
SHENYANG INSTITUTE OF AUTOMATION 205
SICK INC. 207
SIKORSKY AIRCRAFT CORP. 207
STAUBLI 208
TORC ROBOTICS 208
TOSHIBA MACHINE CO., AMERICA 208
UNIMATION 209
UNIVERSAL ROBOTICS 209
UNIVERSITY RESEARCH PROGRAM IN ROBOTICS 209
VENTAX ROBOT INC. 209
VECNA TECHNOLOGIES 210
VECTORNAV TECHNOLOGIES 210
WOLF ROBOTICS 210
WILLOW GARAGE 211
YASKAWA ELECTRIC 211
ZAYTRAN 211

LIST OF TABLES
SUMMARY TABLE DEMAND FOR ROBOTS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 6
TABLE 1 DEMAND FOR ROBOTS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 12
TABLE 2 ROBOT DEMAND IN NORTH AMERICA, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 12
TABLE 3 EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES IN THIS STUDY 14
TABLE 4 ROBOT DEMAND IN THE EUROPEAN UNION, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 14
TABLE 5 ASIAN COUNTRIES IN THIS STUDY 15
TABLE 6 ROBOT DEMAND IN ASIAN COUNTRIES, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 15
TABLE 7 OTHER ROBOT MARKETS IN THIS STUDY 16
TABLE 8 ROBOT DEMAND IN OTHER MARKETS, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 17
TABLE 9 WEEKLY NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED THAT REFERENCE
ROBOTS, JANUARY 1, 1970 TO DECEMBER 14, 2012 18
TABLE 10 THE 10 FASTEST-GROWING ROBOT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018
(CAGR%) 18
TABLE 11 GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR ROBOTS AND ROBOTIC-RELATED
PRODUCTS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 (CAGR%) 22
TABLE 12 GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR ROBOTS AND ROBOTIC-RELATED
PRODUCTS, BY ROBOTIC PRODUCT, THROUGH 2018 (CAGR%) 22
TABLE 13 GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR ROBOTS AND ROBOTIC-RELATED
PRODUCTS, BY TYPE OF ROBOT, THROUGH 2018 (CAGR%) 23
TABLE 14 GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR ROBOTS AND ROBOTIC-RELATED
PRODUCTS, BY ROBOT-USING INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 (CAGR%) 23
TABLE 15 GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR ROBOTS AND ROBOTIC-RELATED
PRODUCTS, BY END-USER APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (CAGR%) 24
TABLE 16 REGIONAL/TYPE OF ROBOT FORECAST, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 31
TABLE 17 CONSOLIDATED END-USER INDUSTRY FORECAST, THROUGH 2018
($ MILLIONS) 32
TABLE 18 INDUSTRIAL ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 35
TABLE 19 INDUSTRIAL ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 36
TABLE 20 INDUSTRIAL ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA BY END-USER INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 38
TABLE 21 INDUSTRIAL ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 39
TABLE 22 DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 41
TABLE 23 DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION
BY END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 41
TABLE 24 DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 42
TABLE 25 DOMESTIC SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 42
TABLE 26 PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA
BY END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 43
TABLE 27 PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN
UNION BY END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 45
TABLE 28 PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA, BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 46
TABLE 29 PROFESSIONAL SERVICE ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS,
BY END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 48
TABLE 30 COUNTRIES THAT DEPLOY MILITARY UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS
(UAVS) 53
TABLE 31 MILITARY ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA, BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 53
TABLE 32 MILITARY ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 54
TABLE 33 MILITARY ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA BY END-USER INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 54
TABLE 34 MILITARY ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 55
TABLE 35 SECURITY ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 57
TABLE 36 SECURITY ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 58
TABLE 37 SECURITY ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA BY END-USER INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 59
TABLE 38 SECURITY ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 60
TABLE 39 SPACE ROBOT FORECAST FOR NORTH AMERICA BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 63
TABLE 40 SPACE ROBOT FORECAST FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION BY
END-USER INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 63
TABLE 41 SPACE ROBOT FORECAST FOR ASIA BY END-USER INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 64
TABLE 42 SPACE ROBOT FORECAST FOR OTHER MARKETS BY END-USER
INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 64
TABLE 43 ROBOT NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL CATEGORIZATION SYSTEM
(NAICS) CODES 66
TABLE 44 FORECAST BY ROBOTIC PRODUCT, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 67
TABLE 45 FORECAST FOR WHOLE ROBOTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 67
TABLE 46 FORECAST FOR ROBOT PARTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 68
TABLE 47 FORECAST FOR ROBOTIC SOFTWARE BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 68
TABLE 48 FORECAST FOR ROBOT SAFETY MATERIALS BY REGION, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 69
TABLE 49 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR ASSISTIVE LIVING BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 50 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR BOMB AND LAND MINE DISPOSAL BY
REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 51 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR CIVILIAN SPACE BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 72
TABLE 52 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR CLEANING AND INSPECTION BY
REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 53 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR COMMERCIAL SECURITY BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 54 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION,
BY REGION THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 73
TABLE 55 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR COURIERS AND GUIDES, BY REGION
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74
TABLE 56 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR DISPENSING BY REGION, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74
TABLE 57 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR FLOOR MAINTENANCE BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 74
TABLE 58 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR GROUNDS MAINTENANCE BY
REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 59 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR HOME SECURITY BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 60 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR LABORATORY BY REGION, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 75
TABLE 61 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR LAWN MOWING BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 62 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR LOGISTICAL SUPPORT BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 63 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR MACHINING BY REGION, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 76
TABLE 64 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR MATERIAL APPLICATION BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 65 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR MATERIAL HANDLING AND
ASSEMBLY BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 66 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR MEDICAL AND SURGICAL BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 77
TABLE 67 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR MILITARY SPACE BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 68 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR PALLETIZING BY REGION, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 69 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR PROMOTIONAL, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 78
TABLE 70 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR REFUELING BY REGION, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 71 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 72 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR SURVEILLANCE BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 79
TABLE 73 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR VACUUM CLEANING BY REGION,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 74 VALUE OF ROBOTS USED FOR WELDING BY REGION, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 80
TABLE 75 U.S. PATENTS REFERENCING ROBOTS, BY DECADE, 1970S-2000S
(ISSUED JAN. 1, 1970 THROUGH DEC. 14, 2012) 114
TABLE 76 TREND IN ROBOT PATENT ISSUANCE (ISSUED JAN. 1, 2000
THROUGH DEC. 14, 2012) 114
TABLE 77 RECENT U.S. ROBOT PATENTS (ISSUED MAY 1, 2011 THROUGH DEC.
14, 2012; MOST RECENT FIRST) 149

LIST OF FIGURES
SUMMARY FIGURE INCREASES IN THE REGIONAL DEMAND FOR ROBOTS
2011-2018 ($ MILLIONS) 6

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