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  4. > North and Latin American Crop Protection Chemicals Market by Types (Herbicides, Fungicides, Insecticides, Bio-pesticides and Adjuvants), by Crop Types, by Geography: Trends and Forecast to 2018

The crop protection chemicals market covers various types of products being used in the farms to safeguard the crops, by controlling the population of organisms considered harmful or those that can potentially damage or adversely affect the growth of crops. Crop protection chemicals are mainly divided into herbicides, insecticides and fungicides. Pesticides include both synthetic pesticides and bio-based pesticides, are the largest market segment owing to their wide-spread use in bulk quantities. Adjuvants are essentially pharmacological or immunological agents used to modify or enhance the effect of other vaccines and drugs.

Insecticides are widely used because insects and parasites cause maximum damage to the crops during cultivation. Insecticides are used in large volume and they show their action for a longer period of time as compared to others. But excessive use of any pesticide results in the development of chemical toxicity for humans, animals, and environment owing to soil leaching and water contamination. Overall, it is essential to use crop protection pesticides in appropriate quantity and time to minimize their adverse effects and to bring to maximum benefits. The North and Latin American market for crop protection chemicals, in terms of active ingredient volume was estimated at 1,064.1 KT in 2011 and is expected to reach 1,322.5 KT by 2018.

The crop protection chemicals market has been divided into patented and generic pesticides. Almost over 67% of the market share belongs to patented or proprietary active ingredients, while 33% of this market is generic. The proprietary pesticides market has been built with a strong focus on crop protection chemicals based on stringent regulations, driven by the U.S. and European standards. In such situation, most of the major global players are focusing to slim down their production capacity of low-revenue ($million) off-patent proprietary products.

The basic notion behind taking patents for the agrochemicals is to encourage innovation akin to the pharmaceutical industry as well as to get rid off the problem of piracy and counterfeit products. Moving forward, many molecules are likely to become free from patent and become open for generic players.

This report estimates the market size of the global, North and Latin American crop protection chemicals market both in terms of active ingredient volume as well as revenue. The market has been further segmented on the basis of crop types such as cereals, grains, oilseeds, and vegetables as well as by sub-segmentation of insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides such as glyphosate, atrazine, and 2,4-D. This segmentation is given for major regions and key countries in those regions. Market drivers, restraints and challenges, raw material, and product price trends are discussed in detail. Market share by participants for the overall market is discussed in detail in the report. We have also profiled leading players of this industry including Bayer CropScience (Germany), BASF (Germany), Monsanto (U.S.), and Dow Agrosciences (U.S.).

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Crop Protection Chemicals Market By Types (Herbicides, Fungicides, Insecticides, Bio-Pesticides and Adjuvants), By Crop Types, By Geography: Global Trends and Forecast To 2018

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European Crop Protection Chemicals Market by Types (Herbicides, Fungicides, Insecticides, Bio-pesticides and Adjuvants), by Crop Types, by Geography: Trends and Forecast to 2018

Table Of Contents

North and Latin American Crop Protection Chemicals Market by Types (Herbicides, Fungicides, Insecticides, Bio-pesticides and Adjuvants), by Crop Types, by Geography: Trends and Forecast to 2018
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION 14

1.1 KEY TAKE-AWAYS 14
1.2 REPORT DESCRIPTION 15
1.3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 16
1.3.1 MARKET SIZE 17
1.3.2 KEY DATA POINTS TAKEN FROM SECONDARY SOURCES 17
1.3.3 KEY DATA POINTS TAKEN FROM PRIMARY SOURCES 18
1.3.4 ASSUMPTIONS MADE FOR THIS REPORT 18
1.4 STAKE HOLDERS 19
1.5 KEY QUESTIONS ANSWERED 19

2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 20

3 MARKET OVERVIEW 22

3.1 INTRODUCTION 23
3.1.1 TYPES OF PESTICIDES ON THE BASIS OF MODE OF ACTION 24
3.1.1.1 Contact pesticides 24
3.1.1.2 Residual pesticides 24
3.1.1.3 Systemic pesticides 25
3.2 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS 25
3.3 WINNING IMPERATIVES 26
3.3.1 SUCCESSFUL INTRODUCTION OF PESTICIDES COMING OFF-PATENTS 26
3.4 BURNING ISSUES 30
3.4.1 BATTLE OF “PATENTED” VS “GENERIC” PESTICIDES 30
3.4.2 BAN ON ENDOSULFAN 32
3.5 DRIVERS 35
3.5.1 CROP PROTECTION - KEY TO FOOD SECURITY OF EVER GROWING POPULATION OF THE WORLD 35
3.5.2 CHANGE IN FARMING PRACTICES and TECHNOLOGY 35
3.5.3 SHRINKING ARABLE LAND 36
3.5.4 GROWING DEMAND FOR CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS IN SOUTH andCENTRAL AMERICA 38
3.6 RESTRAINTS 39
3.6.1 USE OF BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS (BT), GENETICALLY MODIFIED SEEDS/CROPS and ADVANCEMENT IN BIOTECHNOLOGY 39
3.6.2 GROWING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS 41
3.7 OPPORTUNITIES 42
3.7.1 RAPID GROWTH IN THE BIO-PESTICIDES MARKET 42
3.7.2 DEVELOPING COUNTRIES EXPECTED TO POST STRONG GROWTH 43
3.8 PORTER'S FIVE FORCE ANALYSIS 44
3.8.1 BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS 45
3.8.2 BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS 45
3.8.3 THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS 46
3.8.4 THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES 46
3.8.5 DEGREE OF COMPETITION 47
3.9 NORTH and LATIN AMERICAN PATENT ANALYSIS 48

4 NORTH and LATIN AMERICAN CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET, BY TYPES 51

4.1 PESTICIDES 52
4.2 SYNTHETIC PESTICIDES 55
4.3 NORTH AMERICA 57
4.4 LATIN AMERICA 59
4.4.1 HERBICIDES 62
4.4.1.1 Glyphosate 63
4.4.1.2 Atrazine 64
4.4.1.3 Acetochlor 65
4.4.1.4 2,4-D 67
4.4.1.4.1 Metolachlor 69
4.4.1.4.2 Imazethapyr 69
4.4.2 INSECTICIDES 70
4.4.2.1 Chlorpyrifos 70
4.4.2.2 Malathion 71
4.4.2.3 Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids 72
4.4.2.3.1 Types of pyrethroids 74
4.4.2.3.1.1 Bifenthrin 74
4.4.2.3.1.2 Cypermethrin 74
4.4.2.3.1.3 Deltamethrin 74
4.4.2.3.1.4 Lambda-Cyhalothrin 75
4.4.2.3.1.5 Permethrin 75
4.4.2.3.1.6 Resmethrin 75
4.4.2.3.1.7 Tetramethrin 75
4.4.2.3.1.8 Tralomethrin 76
4.4.2.4 Carbaryl 76
4.4.2.5 Others 77
4.4.2.5.1 Diazinon 78
4.4.2.5.2 Terbufos 78
4.4.2.5.3 Methoxychlor 79
4.4.3 FUNGICIDES 79
4.4.3.1 Mancozeb 79
4.4.3.2 Chlorothalonil 80
4.4.3.3 Metalaxyl 81
4.4.3.4 Strobilurin 82
4.5 BIOPESTICIDES 84
4.5.1 PROS and CONS OF BIOPESTICIDE 90
4.5.2 NORTH AMERICA 92
4.5.3 LATIN AMERICA 94
4.6 AJUVANTS 95

5 NORTH and LATIN AMERICAN CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET, BY CROP TYPES 99

5.1 INTRODUCTION 100
5.2 CEREALS and GRAINS 103
5.3 OIL SEEDS 105
5.4 FRUITS and VEGETABLES 108
5.5 OTHERS 109

6 NORTH and LATIN AMERICAN CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET, BY COUNTRY 110

6.1 U.S. 111
6.2 CANADA 116
6.3 BRAZIL 121

7 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 128

7.1 INTRODUCTION 129
7.2 AGREEMENTS, PARTNERSHIPS, JOINT VENTURES and COLLABORATIONS: MOST PREFERRED STRATEGIC APPROACH 129
7.3 MAXIMUM DEVELOPMENTS IN 2011 131
7.4 MONSANTO and FMC CORPORATION: MOST ACTIVE COMPANIES 132

8 COMPANY PROFILES 167

8.1 AMERICAN VANGUARD CORPORATION 167
8.2 CHEMTURA CORPORATION 171
8.3 CLEARY CHEMICAL CORPORATION 175
8.4 DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY 177
8.5 DREXEL CHEMICAL COMPANY 185
8.6 E.I. DUPONT DE NEMOURS and COMPANY 187
8.7 FMC CORPORATION 195
8.8 MONSANTO COMPANY 201
8.9 MOSAIC 209
8.10 WILBUR-ELLIS COMPANY 211

APPENDIX 215

NORTH and LATIN AMERICA PATENTS 215



LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1 TYPES OF PESTICIDES 23
TABLE 2 ACTIVE SUBSTANCES - THE PATENTS OF WHICH WILL EXPIRE BETWEEN 2013 - 2017 28
TABLE 3 ENDOSULFAN and ALTERNATIVES - COST COMPARISON,
BY PRODUCTS ($) 33
TABLE 4 NORTH AMERICA: AGRICULTURAL AREA,
2007 - 2011 (MILLION HECTARES) 38
TABLE 5 TECHNOLOGY PENETRATION, BY REVENUE, 2001 - 2010 40
TABLE 6 GM CROPS and BIO-PESTICIDES: SUBSTITUTION POTENTIAL OF SYNTHETIC PESTICIDES IN VARIOUS CROPS 41
TABLE 7 MAJOR PESTICIDES and CROPS 53
TABLE 8 NORTH AMERICA: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUE, BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 57
TABLE 9 NORTH AMERICA: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET VOLUME,
BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 58
TABLE 10 LATIN AMERICA: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUE,
BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 60
TABLE 11 LATIN AMERICA: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET VOLUME,
BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 61
TABLE 12 GLOBAL GLYPHOSATE MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2009 - 2016 63
TABLE 13 GLOBAL ATRAZINE MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 65
TABLE 14 GLOBAL ACETOCHLOR MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 66
TABLE 15 GLOBAL 2,4-D MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION),
2011 - 2018 68
TABLE 16 GLOBAL OTHER HERBICIDES MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 68
TABLE 17 GLOBAL CHLORPYRIFOS MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 71
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MALATHION MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 72
TABLE 19 GLOBAL PYRETHRINS AND PYRETHROIDS MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 73
TABLE 20 GLOBAL CARBARYL MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 77
TABLE 21 OTHER INSECTICIDES MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 78
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MANCOZEB MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 80
TABLE 23 GLOBAL CHLOROTHALONIL MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 81
TABLE 24 GLOBAL METALAXYL MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 82
TABLE 25 GLOBAL STROBILURIN MARKET, BY VOLUME (KT) and BY REVENUE ($MILLION), 2011 - 2018 83
TABLE 26 NEW BIOPESTICIDE ACTIVE INGREDIENTS APPROVED IN 2012 85
TABLE 27 UPCOMING BIOPESTICIDE ACTIVE INGREDIENTS, 2012 - 2013 87
TABLE 28 PROS and CONS OF BIOPESTICIDE ACTIVE INGREDIENTS IN COMPARISON WITH CONVENTIONAL PESTICIDES 91
TABLE 29 NORTH AMERICA: BIOPESTICIDES MARKET REVENUES, BY COUNTRIES, 2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 93
TABLE 30 LATIN AMERICA: BIOPESTICIDES MARKET REVENUES, BY COUNTRIES, 2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 94
TABLE 31 ADJUVANTS: TYPES and FEATURES 96
TABLE 32 POPULAR OILSEEDS and APPLICATIONS 105
TABLE 33 U.S.: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUE, BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 111
TABLE 34 U.S,: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 112
TABLE 35 U.S.: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUE, BY CROP TYPES, 2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 113
TABLE 36 U.S.: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUE, BY CROP TYPES, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 114
TABLE 37 CANADA: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUE, BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 116
TABLE 38 CANADA: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 117
TABLE 39 CANADA: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUE, BY CROP TYPES, 2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 118
TABLE 40 CANADA: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUE, BY CROP TYPES, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 119
TABLE 41 BRAZIL: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUE, BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 121
TABLE 42 BRAZIL: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET VOLUME, BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 122
TABLE 43 BRAZIL: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUE, BY CROP TYPES, 2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 124
TABLE 44 BRAZIL: CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUE, BY CROP TYPES, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 125
TABLE 45 MERGERS and ACQUISITIONS, 2008 - 2011 133
TABLE 46 AGREEMENTS, PARTNERSHIPS, COLLABORATIONS and JOINT VENTURES, 2009 - 2013 139
TABLE 47 NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES, 2009 - 2013 152
TABLE 48 INVESTMENT, EXPANSION and OTHER DEVELOPMENTS, 2009 - 2013 161
TABLE 49 AMERICAN: TOTAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 168
TABLE 50 CHEMTURA: TOTAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 172
TABLE 51 CHEMTURA: TOTAL REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 173
TABLE 52 DOW CHEMICAL: TOTAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 178
TABLE 53 DOW CHEMICAL: TOTAL REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 179
TABLE 54 DUPONT: TOTAL MARKET REVENUE, BY SEGMENTS,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 188
TABLE 55 DUPONT: TOTAL REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 189
TABLE 56 FMC: TOTAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 196
TABLE 57 MONSANTO: TOTAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 202



LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE 1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 16
FIGURE 2 NORTH AMERICAN CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET REVENUES, BY TYPES, 2012 21
FIGURE 3 VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS OF CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET 25
FIGURE 4 SALES OF ACTIVE INGREDIENTS COMING OFF-PATENTS,
BY TYPES, 2012 ($MILLION) 31
FIGURE 5 IMPACT OF MAJOR DRIVERS AND RESTRAINS ON GLOBAL CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET, 2011 - 2018 34
FIGURE 6 ARABLELAND, 1950 - 2020 (HECTARES/PERSON) 36
FIGURE 7 ARABLE LAND, BY COUNTRIES (HECTARES/PERSON) 37
FIGURE 8 PORTER'S FIVE FORCE ANALYSIS 44
FIGURE 9 PATENT TRENDS IN NORTH and LATIN AMERICA, 2009 - 2013 49
FIGURE 10 PATENT ANALYSIS, BY COMPANIES, 2009 - 2013 50
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET VOLUME,
BY TYPES, 2012 56
FIGURE 12 NORTH AMERICA ADJUVANTS MARKET REVENUE,
2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 97
FIGURE 13 LATIN AMERICA ADJUVANTS MARKET REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 98
FIGURE 14 NORTH and LATIN AMERICAN CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET, BY CROP TYPES, 2012 ($MILLION) 102
FIGURE 15 MAJOR CEREALS and GRIANS PRODUCTION IN NORTH AMERICA,
2011 ('000) TONS 103
FIGURE 16 MAJOR CEREAL and GRAIN PRODUCTION IN LATIN AMERICA, 2011 ('000) TONS 104
FIGURE 17 MAJOR OILSEED PRODUCTION IN NORTH AMERICA, 2011 ('000) TONS 106
FIGURE 18 MAJOR OILSEED PRODUCTION IN LATIN AMERICA, 2011 ('000) TONS 107
FIGURE 19 MAJOR FRUITS and VEGETABLES PRODUCTION IN NORTH AMERICA,
BY COUNTRIES, 2011 ('000) TONS 108
FIGURE 20 MAJOR FRUITS and VEGETABLES PRODUCTION IN LATIN AMERICA,
2011, ('000) TONS 109
FIGURE 21 NORTH and LATIN AMERICA CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET,
BY GROWTH STRATEGIES, 2009 - 2013 130
FIGURE 22 NORTH and LATIN AMERICA CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET DEVELOPMENTS, BY GROWTH STRATEGIES, 2009 - 2013 131
FIGURE 23 NORTH and LATIN AMERICA CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS MARKET GROWTH STRATEGIES, BY COMPANIES, 2009 - 2013 132

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