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Polymeric Flexible Hose and Tubing

  • July 2016
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 195 pages

This BCC Research report provides updates on the state of the industry and provides estimates and forecasts for US markets for 2015 through 2020.

Use this report to:

Receive a comprehensive update on the state of the U.S. flexible hose and tubing industry.
Gain information on the different types of hose and tubing products and their major end-use markets in the United States.
Analyze and estimate flexible hose and tubing industry production and shipments for base year 2015 and forecast growth to 2020.
Identify and profile major suppliers of materials and products for the hose and tubing industry

Highlights

The overall U.S. market for polymeric flexible hose and tubing materials totaled over 1.0 billion pounds in 2015 and should reach 1.1 billion pounds in 2020 at a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.4%.
The thermoplastic resins (non–elastomeric) polymeric materials segment was 570 million pounds in 2015 and should reach 641 million pounds by 2020, a CAGR of 2.4%.
The thermosetting elastomers polymeric materials market was 333 million pounds in 2015 and should reach 373 million pounds by 2020 with a CAGR of 2.3%.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Flexible hose and tubing are established products and their manufacture and sale has become a moderately large and broad-based sector of the U.S. economy. This study covers flexible hose and tubing made of polymeric materials, which are commonly called plastics or rubber. This is in contrast to rigid piping and metal tubing (e.g., aluminum and copper tubing for automobiles and refrigerators), which is a subset of the piping industry. Rigid polymeric pipe and tubing is covered at length in the companion BCC Research report PLS053A The U.S. Market for Plastic Pipe. The broad base of the U.S. polymeric hose and tubing industry is illustrated by both the wide variety of materials, both elastomeric and non-elastomeric, used to make hose and tubing and the many markets served by these materials and products. The terms tube and tubing differ from the terms pipe and piping. All pipes are tubes; however, rigid tubing is differentiated from piping because it is smaller in diameter and usually very thin.
We also differentiate between flexible hose and tubing. A tube is generally defined as a long cylindrical body with a hollow center that is used to convey fluids; a hose is typically defined as a flexible tube. However, for flexible products, we differentiate hose and tubing and consider tubing a simple product constructed from a single material and hose a more complex structure that usually consists of three layers: the tube itself at the center, external reinforcement and a protective covering material.

This study is an update of a 2013 BCC Research study by the same author on polymeric flexible hose and tubing materials and their markets. The current study provides updates on the state of the industry and provides BCC Research’s estimates and forecasts for U.S. markets for the base year 2015 through the forecast year 2020. The U.S. hose and tubing industry is generally considered to be a mature industry, but that alone does not tell the whole story. In recent years, the changing nature and general decline of the U.S. manufacturing sector has increased competition among supplier companies for materials used for hose and tubing construction and caused some important changes in the industry. This report reviews these changes and forecasts their effects on the industry. However, as in the previous report, there have been few truly new developments since around 2000. While continual improvements have been made, there have been no new materials that have revolutionized the industry. However, even with this general state of maturity in this industry, some changes continue to add an interesting dynamic to what is essentially a stable market that, on average, grows at approximately the same rate as the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP).

The first of these changes is the development of new hose and tubing materials that are competitive with older and more established synthetic resins and elastomers. The most important of these are thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs), which no longer can be considered new but are still under development and competitive. Important hose and tubing TPEs include thermoplastic olefins (TPOs) and alloys (TPVs) produced with metallocene/single-site and other new catalyst systems as well as the older TPEs such as thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPUs) and styrene block copolymers. Thermoplastics are easier to process than older thermosetting rubbers since regular melt-processing equipment for plastics can be used.

Furthermore, there are constant changes in terms of engines in the important automotive under-the-hood hose and tubing category. Newer overhead-cam four-valve engines tend to run hotter than older push rod designs, and several common elastomers, especially nitrile rubber, cannot be used in some applications at the temperatures now occurring under the hood so other materials must be substituted. Newer engine types (primarily hybrids since electric cars are currently a nascent but growing market) will, over time, have an effect on automotive uses of polymeric hose and tubing. For example, while electric motors require few or no hoses and tubing, today’s hybrid vehicles have a gasoline engine so hose and tubing should be needed in significant quantities through the forecast period.

Table Of Contents

Polymeric Flexible Hose and Tubing
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 5
INTENDED READERSHIP 6
SCOPE AND FORMAT 7
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 9
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS 9
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 9
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 9
DISCLAIMER 10
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 12
SUMMARY TABLE U.S. MARKET VOLUME FOR FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND
TUBING BY MATERIAL CATEGORIES, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 13
SUMMARY FIGURE U.S. MARKET VOLUME FOR FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND
TUBING BY MATERIAL CATEGORIES, 2015 AND 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 13
CHAPTER 3 INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 16
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND AND PERSPECTIVE 16
THERMOSETTING ELASTOMERS (RUBBER COMPOUNDS) 18
Nomenclature and Acronyms 20
THERMOPLASTIC RESINS 21
THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS 23
IMPORTANCE OF HOSE AND TUBING TO THE U.S. ECONOMY 24
PRIMARY HOSE AND TUBING MARKETS 27
AUTOMOTIVE HOSE AND TUBING 27
Air-conditioning System Hose 28
Cooling System Hoses 28
Fuel System Hose 29
Power Steering Hose 30
Transmission Oil and Engine Oil Coolant Hose 30
Vacuum Hose 30
Hose and Tubing for Other Automotive Systems 30
HYDRAULIC HOSE AND TUBING 30
INDUSTRIAL HOSE AND TUBING 31
Air Hose and Multipurpose Hose 32
Chemical and Petroleum Process and Transfer Hose 32
Fire Hose 32
Food Handling Hose and Tubing 33
Material Handling Hose 33
Steam Hose and Industrial Cleaning Hose 33
Other Industrial Hose 33
Industrial Tubing 34
CONSUMER AND HEALTHCARE HOSE AND TUBING 34
Garden Hose 34
Medical Tubing 35
Other Consumer Applications 35
CHAPTER 4 MARKETS BY MATERIALS 37
INTRODUCTION 37
HOSE AND TUBING MATERIALS 38
Thermosetting Elastomers 38
Thermoplastic Resins 38
Thermoplastic Elastomers 39
COMPARISON OF HOSE AND TUBING MATERIALS 39
Thermoplastic versus Thermosetting Hose and Tubing Materials 39
Elastomeric versus Non-Elastomeric Hose and Tubing Materials 39
OVERALL MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECAST 40
TABLE 1 U.S. MARKET VOLUME FOR FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY
MATERIAL CATEGORY, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 40
THERMOSETTING ELASTOMERS 41
PROPERTIES 41
ADDITIVE MATERIALS 43
Extenders and Diluents 43
Fillers 44
Protective Chemicals 44
TABLE 2 PARAMETERS FOR HOSE AND TUBING MATERIAL SELECTION 45
NATURAL VERSUS SYNTHETIC RUBBER 46
Natural Rubber 46
Synthetic Rubber 47
TABLE 3 COMPARISON OF RUBBER PROPERTIES 49
MARKET FOR THERMOSETTING HOSE AND TUBING MATERIALS 49
TABLE 4 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF THERMOSETTING ELASTOMERS USED IN
FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY MATERIAL TYPES, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS)
50
ACRYLATE-BASED RUBBERS (ABR, ACM, EAM) 51
Market Analysis and Estimates 51
TABLE 5 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF ACRYLATE-BASED ELASTOMERS USED IN
FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS)
52
Acrylate-Butadiene Rubber Properties 52
TABLE 6 ACRYLATE-BUTADIENE RUBBER PROPERTIES 53
Butyl (Isobutene-Isoprene) Rubber (IIR) 53
Market Analysis and Estimate 54
TABLE 7 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF BUTYL/HALOBUTYL RUBBER USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
54
Butyl Rubber Properties 55
TABLE 8 BUTYL (ISOBUTENE-ISOPRENE) RUBBER PROPERTIES 55
CHLORINATED POLYETHYLENE ELASTOMER (CPE OR CM) 56
Market Analysis and Estimates 56
TABLE 9 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF CHLORINATED POLYETHYLENE ELASTOMER
RUBBER USED IN FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
57
Chlorinated Polyethylene Elastomer Properties 58
TABLE 10 CHLORINATED POLYETHYLENE ELASTOMER PROPERTIES 58
CHLOROPRENE RUBBER (CR/NEOPRENE) 58
Market Analysis and Estimate 59
TABLE 11 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF CHLOROPRENE (NEOPRENE) RUBBER USED IN
FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS)
59
Chloroprene Rubber Properties 60
TABLE 12 CHLOROPRENE RUBBER PROPERTIES 60
CHLOROSULFONATED POLYETHYLENE RUBBER (CSM/HYPALON) 61
Market Analysis and Estimate 61
TABLE 13 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF CHLOROSULFONATED POLYETHYLENE RUBBER
USED IN FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
62
Chlorosulfonated Polyethylene Rubber Properties 63
TABLE 14 CHLOROSULFONATED POLYETHYLENE RUBBER PROPERTIES 63
ETHYLENE-PROPYLENE RUBBERS (EPR/EPM AND EPDM) 64
Market Analysis and Estimate 64
TABLE 15 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF ETHYLENE-PROPYLENE RUBBERS USED IN
FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS)
65
Ethylene-Propylene Rubber Properties 66
TABLE 16 ETHYLENE-PROPYLENE-DIENE (EPDM) RUBBER PROPERTIES 66
FLUOROELASTOMERS (CFM, FKM, FFKM) 67
CFM Elastomers 67
FKM Elastomers 67
FFKM Elastomers 67
FXM Elastomers 68
Market Analysis and Estimate 68
TABLE 17 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF FLUOROELASTOMERS USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
68
Fluoroelastomer Properties 70
TABLE 18 FLUOROELASTOMER PROPERTIES 70
NATURAL RUBBER (NR) 71
Market Analysis and Estimate 71
TABLE 19 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF NR USED IN FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND
TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 71
Natural Rubber Properties 72
TABLE 20 NATURAL RUBBER PROPERTIES 72
NITRILE (ACRYLONITRILE-BUTADIENE) RUBBER (NBR) 73
Market Analysis and Estimates 73
TABLE 21 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF NITRILE RUBBER USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
73
Nitrile Rubber Properties 75
TABLE 22 ACRYLONITRILE-BUTADIENE (NITRILE) RUBBER PROPERTIES 75
Nitrile/PVC Blends (NBR/PVC) 76
TABLE 23 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF NITRILE/PVC BLENDS USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
76
POLYETHER ELASTOMERS (CO, ECO) 77
Market Analysis and Estimate 78
TABLE 24 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYETHER ELASTOMERS USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
78
Polyether Rubber Properties 79
TABLE 25 POLYETHER RUBBER PROPERTIES 79
SILICONE RUBBER (Q, MQ, VMQ) 80
Market Analysis and Estimate 80
TABLE 26 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF SILICONE RUBBER USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
81
Silicone Rubber Properties 82
TABLE 27 SILICONE RUBBER PROPERTIES 82
STYRENE-BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR) 82
Market Analysis and Estimate 83
TABLE 28 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF STYRENE-BUTADIENE RUBBER USED IN
FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS)
83
Styrene-Butadiene Rubber Properties 84
TABLE 29 STYRENE-BUTADIENE RUBBER PROPERTIES 84
COST/PERFORMANCE COMPARISON 84
TABLE 30 COST-PERFORMANCE HIERARCHY FOR THERMOSETTING ELASTOMERS 85
THERMOPLASTIC RESINS (NON-ELASTOMERIC) 85
TABLE 31 COMPARISON OF THERMOPLASTIC VERSUS THERMOSETTING MATERIALS 86
OVERALL MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 87
TABLE 32 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF THERMOPLASTIC RESINS USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY MATERIAL TYPES, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
88
FLUOROPOLYMERS 88
Market Analysis and Estimates 88
TABLE 33 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF FLUOROPOLYMERS USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
89
Important Fluoropolymer Hose and Tubing Uses 89
Fluoropolymer Properties 91
POLYAMIDES (NYLONS) 92
Market Analysis and Estimate 93
TABLE 34 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYAMIDES (NYLONS) USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
94
Polyamide Properties 94
POLYETHYLENES AND ETHYLENE COPOLYMERS 95
Market Analysis and Estimates 95
TABLE 35 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYETHYLENES USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
96
Polyethylene Properties 97
TABLE 36 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF COMMON GRADES OF
POLYETHYLENE 97
High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) 99
Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) 99
Linear Low-Density Polyethylene (LLDPE) 99
Crosslinked Polyethylene 100
Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMW-HDPE or UHMWPE) 101
EVA Copolymers 102
POLYPROPYLENE 102
Market Analysis and Estimate 102
TABLE 37 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYPROPYLENE USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
103
Polypropylene Properties 104
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) 104
Market Analysis and Estimate 105
TABLE 38 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYVINYL CHLORIDE USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
105
PVC Properties 107
THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS (TPE) 107
OVERALL MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 108
TABLE 39 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS USED IN
FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY MATERIAL TYPES, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS)
108
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS 109
TABLE 40 PROCESSING STEPS FOR THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS COMPARED TO
PROCESSING STEPS FOR THERMOSETS 110
TYPES AND GENERAL PROPERTIES OF THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS 111
TABLE 41 COMPARISON OF PROPERTIES OF VARIOUS CLASSES OF
THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS 111
COPOLYESTER TPES (COPE) 112
Market Analysis and Estimates 112
TABLE 42 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF COPOLYESTER TPES USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
113
STYRENE BLOCK COPOLYMERS (SBS, S-EB-S AND OTHERS) 114
Market Analysis and Estimate 114
TABLE 43 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF STYRENE BLOCK COPOLYMER TPE USED IN
FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS)
115
THERMOPLASTIC OLEFINS (TPO) 115
Market Analysis and Estimate 116
TABLE 44 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF THERMOPLASTIC OLEFIN TPOS USED IN
FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS)
116
THERMOPLASTIC ALLOYS (TPVS AND MPRS) 117
Market Analysis and Estimates 117
TABLE 45 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF THERMOPLASTIC ALLOY TPE USED IN FLEXIBLE
POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION
POUNDS)
117
THERMOPLASTIC POLYURETHANES (TPU) 118
Market Analysis and Estimates 118
TABLE 46 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF THERMOPLASTIC POLYURETHANES USED IN
FLEXIBLE POLYMERIC HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS)
119
THERMOPLASTIC POLYAMIDES 120
Market Analysis and Estimates 120
COST/PERFORMANCE COMPARISON 120
TABLE 47 COST/PERFORMANCE HIERARCHY FOR THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS
(LOWEST TO HIGHEST) 121
CHAPTER 5 MARKETS BY MAJOR APPLICATIONS 123
GENERAL OVERVIEW AND MARKET STRUCTURE 123
OVERALL MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST 123
POLYMERIC MATERIALS MARKET VOLUME ESTIMATES 124
TABLE 48 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS USED IN FLEXIBLE
HOSE AND TUBING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 124
HOSE AND TUBING MARKET VALUES 125
AUTOMOTIVE AND AERONAUTIC HOSE AND TUBING 126
MARKET ANALYSIS AND ESTIMATES 127
TABLE 49 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS USED IN FLEXIBLE
HOSE AND TUBING: AUTOMOTIVE/AERONAUTICAL APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020
(MILLION POUNDS)
128
UNDER-THE-HOOD HOSE AND TUBING 129
Market Analysis and Estimate 129
TABLE 50 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS USED IN FLEXIBLE
HOSE AND TUBING FOR AUTOMOTIVE UNDER- THE-HOOD APPLICATIONS,
THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
129
Air-conditioning System Hose 130
Cooling System Hose 131
Fuel System Hose 132
Transmission Oil and Engine Oil Coolant Hose 134
Vacuum System Hose 135
Unclassified and Other Automotive Hose and Tubing 135
AIR BRAKE HOSE 135
AERONAUTICAL APPLICATIONS 137
HYDRAULIC HOSE 137
MARKET ANALYSIS AND ESTIMATE 139
TABLE 51 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS USED IN FLEXIBLE
HOSE AND TUBING FOR HYDRAULIC HOSE, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 140
THERMOPLASTIC HYDRAULIC HOSE 140
THERMOSET HYDRAULIC HOSE 141
INDUSTRIAL HOSE 142
MARKET ANALYSIS AND ESTIMATE 142
TABLE 52 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS IN FLEXIBLE HOSE AND
TUBING FOR INDUSTRIAL HOSE APPLICATIONS THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 142
AIR AND MULTIPURPOSE HOSE 143
CHEMICAL AND PETROLEUM PROCESS AND TRANSFER HOSE 144
Chemical Hose 144
Petroleum Hose 145
Petroleum Transfer Hose 145
Petroleum Dock Hose 146
Offshore Well Product Transfer Hose 147
Petroleum Dispensing Hose 147
FIRE HOSE 148
FOOD HANDLING HOSE 148
MATERIAL HANDLING HOSE 149
STEAM HOSE AND EQUIPMENT CLEANING HOSE 149
UNCLASSIFIED AND OTHER INDUSTRIAL HOSE 150
INDUSTRIAL TUBING 151
MAJOR MARKETS FOR INDUSTRIAL TUBING 151
MARKET ANALYSIS AND ESTIMATE 152
TABLE 53 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS USED IN INDUSTRIAL
TUBING APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS) 152
THERMOSETTING ELASTOMER INDUSTRIAL TUBING 153
THERMOPLASTIC NON-ELASTOMERIC INDUSTRIAL TUBING 153
THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERIC INDUSTRIAL TUBING 155
CHEMICAL TUBING 155
FOOD AND BEVERAGE TUBING 156
FUEL AND LUBRICANT TUBING 157
HYDRAULIC, PNEUMATIC AND PNEUMATIC CONTROL TUBING 157
INSTRUMENTATION TUBING 157
LABORATORY TUBING 158
Commodity Thermoplastic Resins 159
Fluoropolymers 159
Silicone Rubber Tubing 159
Vacuum Tubing 159
NATURAL GAS TUBING 159
TELECOMMUNICATIONS TUBING 160
ULTRAPURE-MATERIALS TRANSPORT TUBING 160
WATER TUBING 160
UNCLASSIFIED AND OTHER INDUSTRIAL TUBING 161
CONSUMER AND HEALTHCARE HOSE AND TUBING 161
MARKET ANALYSIS AND ESTIMATES 161
TABLE 54 U.S. MARKET VOLUME OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS USED IN FLEXIBLE
HOSE AND TUBING FOR CONSUMER AND HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH
2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
162
GARDEN HOSE 162
MEDICAL TUBING 163
Thermoplastic Medical Tubing 164
Thermosetting Elastomer Medical Tubing 165
Catheters 166
Drainage, Suction and Connection Tubing 167
Tubing for IV Solution Sets 167
Tubing for Other Medical Bags and Systems 167
Peristaltic Pump Tubing 168
Ventilation and Oxygen Tubing 168
Other Medical Tubing 168
OTHER CONSUMER APPLICATIONS 169
LPG and Natural Gas Hose 169
Pool and Spa Hose 169
Vacuum Cleaner Hose 169
CHAPTER 6 TECHNOLOGY 171
OVERVIEW OF TECHNOLOGICAL ISSUES 171
MANUFACTURE OF HOSE AND TUBING MATERIALS 171
RUBBER MANUFACTURING PROCESSES 171
NR MANUFACTURE 173
NR STRUCTURE 173
SYNTHETIC-RUBBER MANUFACTURE 174
EMULSION POLYMERIZATION 174
MASS POLYMERIZATION 174
SOLUTION POLYMERIZATION 175
ACRYLATE-BASED RUBBERS (ABR, ACM, EAM) 175
BUTYL (ISOBUTENE-ISOPRENE) RUBBER (IIR) 175
Halobutyl Rubber 176
CHLORINATED POLYETHYLENE ELASTOMER (CPE) 177
CHLOROPRENE RUBBER (CR) 177
CHLOROSULFONYL POLYETHYLENE RUBBER (CSM) 178
ETHYLENE-PROPYLENE RUBBERS (EPM/EPR, EPDM) 179
FLUOROELASTOMERS 179
NITRILE (ACRYLONITRILE-BUTADIENE) RUBBER (NBR) 180
POLYETHER ELASTOMERS (CO, ECO) 180
SILICONE RUBBER 181
STYRENE-BUTADIENE RUBBER (SBR) 181
RUBBER PRODUCTS MANUFACTURE 182
FILLERS AND REINFORCING AGENTS. 182
SOFTENERS 182
ACCELERATORS 183
SULFUR 183
SYNTHETIC POLYMER MANUFACTURE 183
FLUOROPOLYMERS 184
TABLE 55 FLUOROPOLYMER NAMES AND ACRONYMS 184
TABLE 56 FLUOROPOLYMER RAW MATERIALS AND SYNTHETIC ROUTES 185
POLYAMIDES (NYLONS) 186
POLYETHYLENES AND ETHYLENE COPOLYMERS 186
Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) 187
High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) 187
Linear Low-Density Polyethylene (LLDPE) 188
Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate (EVA) 188
POLYPROPYLENE 189
Atactic PP 189
Isotactic PP 189
Syndiotactic PP 189
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE 190
THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMER (TPE) MANUFACTURE 191
COPOLYESTER TPES (COPE OR ETE) 192
STYRENIC BLOCK COPOLYMER TPES 192
THERMOPLASTIC POLYOLEFIN ELASTOMERS (TPO) 193
THERMOPLASTIC ALLOY ELASTOMERS (TPV, MPR) 194
Thermoplastic Vulcanizates (TPV) 194
Single Phase Melt Processable Rubber (MPR) 195
THERMOPLASTIC POLYURETHANE ELASTOMERS (TPU) 196
HOSE AND TUBING MANUFACTURING TECHNIQUES 197
HOSE MANUFACTURE 197
Non-Mandrel Hose 197
Rigid Mandrel Hose 198
Flexible Mandrel Hose 198
Wrapped-ply Hose (Machine Built) 198
Wrapped Ply Hose (Hand Built) 199
Circular Woven Hose 199
Spiral Ply Hose 199
TUBING MANUFACTURE 200
TECHNICAL INNOVATIONS AND DEVELOPMENTS 200
AUTOMOTIVE HOSE AND TUBING 201
HYDRAULIC HOSE AND TUBING 201
INDUSTRIAL HOSE 202
INDUSTRIAL TUBING 202
MEDICAL TUBING 202
APPLICATIONS-DRIVEN DEVELOPMENTS 202
Automotive Hose 203
Hydraulic Hose 205
Industrial Hose 205
HOSE AND TUBING FABRICATION DEVELOPMENTS 206
Automotive Hose and Tubing 206
Hydraulic Hose 207
THERMOPLASTIC POLYMER DEVELOPMENTS 208
Fluoropolymers 208
Polyamides (Nylons) 209
Polyethylenes and Ethylene Copolymers 209
Polypropylene 210
Polyvinyl Chloride and Other Vinyl Resins 211
THERMOSET POLYMER DEVELOPMENTS 211
Chloroprene Rubber 212
Chlorosulfonated Polyethylene Rubber 212
Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Rubber (EPDM) 213
Fluoroelastomers 214
Nitrile Rubber (NBR) 214
Polyether Elastomers (CO and ECO) 214
Silicone Rubber 215
Styrene-Butadiene-Rubber (SBR) 215
THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMER DEVELOPMENTS 215
ELASTOMERIC POLYMER BLENDS 216
CHAPTER 7 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE FACTORS 218
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 218
INDUSTRY CONCENTRATION 219
RECENT MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS AND OTHER CORPORATE CHANGES 220
ANCILLARY EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS 220
CUSTOM EXTRUSION 221
DISTRIBUTION 221
INTERMATERIAL COMPETITION 222
INTERNATIONAL ISSUES 223
CHAPTER 8 REGULATORY, ENVIRONMENTAL AND PUBLIC FACTORS 225
STANDARDS-WRITING AND REGULATORY ORGANIZATIONS 225
AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR 226
TABLE 57 REPRESENTATIVE SAE STANDARDS FOR AUTOMOTIVE HOSE AND
TUBING 227
DRINKING WATER 227
FOOD INDUSTRY 228
REGULATORY ISSUES 228
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 230
HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS FROM MOTOR VEHICLES AND FACILITIES 230
LEVELS OF EXTRACTABLES 231
CHLORINE AND CHLORINATED COMPOUNDS 232
CARCINOGENS 232
OSHA STANDARDS 233
RECYCLING AND THE USE OF RECYCLED MATERIALS 233
PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS 234
CHAPTER 9 SUPPLIER COMPANY PROFILES 237
INTRODUCTION 237
SUPPLIER COMPANIES 238
AGC CHEMICALS AMERICAS INC. 238
ARKEMA INC. 238
AVON AUTOMOTIVE 239
BASF GROUP 239
BRIDGESTONE/FIRESTONE INC. 240
CELANESE CORPORATION 240
CHEMOURS COMPANY (THE) 241
CHEMTURA CORPORATION 242
COOPER-STANDARD AUTOMOTIVE INC. 242
COVESTRO AG 243
CRANE RESISTOFLEX 243
DAIKIN INDUSTRIES LTD. 244
DAYCO PRODUCTS LLC 244
DENKA PERFORMANCE ELASTOMER LLC 245
DEXCO POLYMERS LP - SEE TRSC/DEXCO POLYMERS 245
THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY 245
DOW CORNING CORPORATION 247
DSM ENGINEERING PLASTICS - AMERICAS 247
E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY 248
EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY 250
EATON CORPORATION PLC 250
ELDON JAMES CORPORATION 252
ENTEGRIS INC. 252
EXXONMOBIL CORPORATION 253
ExxonMobil Chemical Headquarters 253
FLEXMASTER U.S.A. INC. - SEE MASTERDUCT HOLDING INC. 254
FLUORTUBING USA 254
FREUDENBERG MEDICAL LLC 255
GATES CORPORATION 255
GOODYEAR TIRE and RUBBER COMPANY (THE) 256
HBD INDUSTRIES/HBD THERMOID INC. 257
HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS AMERICAS INC. 257
KANAFLEX CORPORATION 258
KEY FIRE HOSE 258
KRATON PERFORMANCE POLYMERS INC. 258
KURARAY AMERICA INC. 259
KURIYAMA OF AMERICA INC. 260
LANXESS CORPORATION 260
LION ELASTOMERS LLC 262
LUBRIZOL CORPORATION (THE) 263
LYONDELLBASELL INDUSTRIES/EQUISTAR CHEMICALS LP 263
MASTERDUCT INC 264
3M COMPANY 265
MOMENTIVE PERFORMANCE MATERIALS INC. 265
MYTEX POLYMERS 266
NEWAGE INDUSTRIES INC. 266
NUSIL TECHNOLOGY LLC 267
THE NOVAFLEX GROUP/FLEXMASTER CANADA - SEE MASTERDUCT
HOLDING INC. 268
OMEGA ENGINEERING INC. 268
PACCAR INC./DYNACRAFT 268
PARKER HANNIFIN CORPORATION 268
PLASTIFLEX COMPANY INC. 269
POLYONE CORPORATION 269
SAINT-GOBAIN PERFORMANCE PLASTICS CORPORATION 271
A. SCHULMAN INC. 272
SOLVAY SPECIALTY POLYMERS USA LLC 273
TEEL PLASTICS INC. 273
TEKNI-PLEX INC. 274
TEKNOR APEX COMPANY 274
TI AUTOMOTIVE 275
TITEFLEX COMMERCIAL 276
TOSOH USA INC. 276
TOYODA GOSEI CO. LTD. 277
TRINSEO S.A. 277
TSRC/DEXCO POLYMERS 278
ZEON CORPORATION 278
ZEUS INC. 279
CHAPTER 10 APPENDIX: GLOSSARY OF IMPORTANT TERMS, ABBREVIATIONS AND
ACRONYMS 281

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