Russia Defence and Security Industry Update Quarter 4 2011

  • August 2014
  • -
  • Business Monitor International
  • -
  • 112 pages

According to data published by Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov, Russia’s military-industrial complex increased its total production by 12% last year. By contrast, its output of defence-related items rose by 18.6%. Labour productivity rose by 17%. In part, this reflects the growing demand of a country whose large armed forces have been restructured and modernised, and who are re-equipping after a long period of under-investment. The energy boom that has dramatically boosted the fortunes of Russia’s economy and public finances since 2009 has laid the foundations for a bonanza. Over the long term, funds available for the modernisation of the navy, for instance, amount to around RUR5,000bn. A sum of RUR300bn alone has been made available for the modernisation of airports by the end of 2015.
A casual glance at the headlines from the three months to the end of July 2011 shows that, among much else: the navy is buying four Mistral helicopter carriers; the airforce will be looking to purchase 48 of the new Sukhoi Su-35S fighters; various agencies are taking deliveries of helicopters, and; the number of military specialists that are to be trained by the support organisation DOSAAF in 2012 will be 130,000 – or 20,000 more than were trained in 2011.
However, there remains a significant gap between the items that appear on official plans and the items that are actually ordered – let alone paid for. Official data indicated that only 60% of the contracts that should have been placed with suppliers of equipment in the first four months of 2011 had actually been given to contractors. Through mid-2011, there was no shortage of anecdotal evidence, dismissals of high profile officials and executives and laying of criminal charges relating to the handling of defence contracts: in short, inefficiency and corruption remains rife – notwithstanding the government’s apparent keenness to stamp them out.
A clear trend is that links between Russia’s defence market and counterparts in foreign – notably Western – countries are growing. These linkages go far beyond the long-standing cooperation with other countries in space exploration. The Russian-Indian joint venture (JV) that makes the BrahMos cruise missile expects that revenues over the next 10-15 years will amount to US Dollar 10bn. United Shipbuilding Corporation is working with French and South Korean partners on the Mistral helicopter carriers, of which the navy is looking to purchase four. Russian Helicopters, the holding industry player for a variety of manufacturers, is looking to buy 40 engines from France’s Turbomeca this year for installation in new Kamov Ka-62 helicopters. Italy’s AgustaWestland expects to begin production of helicopters at a new plant in Tomilino prior to the end of the year.
Russia is flexing its muscles in the field of strategic missiles once more. In June 2011, the Defence Ministry circulated data which showed that the US had leadership in terms of the number of ballistic missiles (882 to Russia’s 521) and warheads (1,800 to 1,537). At about the same time, the navy successfully launched one of the new Bulava missiles from a latest-generation nuclear submarine, the Yury Dolgoruky. Negotiations between Russia and NATO over missile defence systems appear to have stalled. Defence minister Anatoly Serdyukov has noted that the supply of strategic missiles (specifically the Topol-M, Yars and Avangard weapons) to Russia’s armed forces will increase by 300% in 2011-15 relative to the previous five-year period.
Overall though, there is much in relation to which Russia can agree and cooperate with NATO. Areas of mutual interest include: the fight against global terrorism; transportation of NATO forces through (or over) Russia on the way to or from Afghanistan and; jointly developed technologies. In June 2011, Russia and NATO together conducted an exercise called Vigilant Sky-2011: the aim of this was to rehearse procedures in the event of a ‘9/11-style’ hijacking over Eastern Europe.
In the meantime, Russia remains vulnerable to terrorism resulting from radical Islam and/or aggrieved ethnic minorities. According to interior minister Rashid Nurgaliev, the number of terrorist attacks in Dagestan alone in H111 was 118, or 19% more than in the previous corresponding period. Russia continues to collaborate with other Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) member states: in September 2011, for instance, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev is due to meet with Tajikistan’s President Emomali Rahmon in order to discuss border security and other topics of mutual interest. According to Alexander Dynkin, the director of the Institute of Global Economy and International Relations, the withdrawal of NATO forces from Afghanistan from 2014 could result in greater activity from radical elements of the Taliban – both in Pakistan and in the five countries of (ex-Soviet) central Asia.

Table Of Contents

Executive Summary 7
Industry SWOT Analysis 9
Russia Security SWOT .. 9
Russia Defence Industry Environment and Risk Analysis .. 10
Russia Political Environment and Risk Analysis 11
Russia Economic Environment and Risk Analysis . 11
Russia Business Environment SWOT .. 12
World Political Outlook 13
World Hotspots: Libya, Iran, Afghanistan, Korea, Greece 13
Data : Election Timetable ... 17
United States ... 20
Latin America . 20
Western Europe .. 21
Russia And The Former Soviet Union . 22
Middle East And North Africa 23
Asia . 25
Wild Cards To Watch .. 27
Europe Security Overview . 29
Europe’s Key Security Issues Over Coming Decade ... 29
The Role Of NATO . 36
Security Risk Ratings ... 40
BMI’s Security Ratings ... 40
Data : Europe Security Risk Ratings .. 40
Data : Europe State Terrorism Vulnerability To Terrorism Index ... 41
Russia’s Security Ratings 42
City Terrorism Rating . 43
Data : BMI’s Central And Eastern Europe And Central Asia City Terrorism Index ... 43
Political Overview .. 45
Russia Security Overview . 50
External Security Situation .. 50
United States ... 50
The Western Front .. 53
Central Asia 55
China .. 57
Japan .. 58
The New ‘Great Game’ In The Arctic . 59
Beyond Eurasia ... 59
Russia At Risk Of Losing Great Power Status . 62
Russia’s Military Doctrine To 2020 64
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation: New World Force Or Paper Tiger? 66
Internal Security .. 71
Armed Forces 77
Armed Forces . 77
Historical Strength .. 78
International Deployments .. 79
Data : Russia’s Foreign Deployments 2008 ... 79
Weapons Of Mass Destruction 80

Industry Analysis 82
Industry Trends And Developments 85
Data :

Key Players In Russia’s Defence Segment, 2005 85
Arms Trade Overview . 86
Procurement Trends And Developments . 86

Market Projection Scenario ... 89
Armed Forces . 89
Data : Russia’s Armed Forces, from 2002 to 2008 (‘000 personnel, unless otherwise stated) 89
Data : Russia’s Available Manpower For Military Services, from 2008 to 2015 (aged 16-49, unless otherwise stated) . 89
Defence Expenditure ... 89
Data : Russia’s Government Defence Expenditure, from 2008 to 2015 ... 90
Data : Russia’s Defence Expenditure Scenario - Changing % Of Gross Domestic Product (US$mn), from 2008 to 2015 91
Defence Trade . 91
Data : Russia’s Defence Exports, from 2008 to 2015 (US$mn) .. 92
Data : Russia’s Defence Imports, from 2008 to 2015 (US$mn) .. 92
Data : Russia’s Defence Trade Balance from 2008 to 2015 ... 93

Macroeconomic Data . 93
Data : Russia - Economic Activity, from 2008 to 2015 ... 95
Company Profiles .. 96
Irkut 96
Kazan Helicopters .. 97
Rosoboronexport State Corporation ... 98
Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG (RSK MiG) .. 99
Sukhoi Aviation Corporation .100
United Aircraft Corporation ..101
Uralvagonzavod .102
Country Snapshot: Russia Demographic Data . 103

Section I : Population .103
Data : Demographic Indicators, 2005-2030 ..103
Data : Rural/Urban Breakdown, 2005-2030 .104

Section II : Education And Healthcare 104
Data : Education, from 2002 to 2005 104
Data : Vital Statistics, 2005-2030 ..104

Section III : Labour Industry And Spending Power 105
Data : Employment Indicators, from 2001 to 2006 105
Data : Consumer Expenditure, from 2000 to 2012 (US$) ..105
Data : Average Annual Wages, 2000-2006 106
BMI Methodology 107
How We Generate Our Market Projections 107
City Terrorism Rating 108
Data : Methodology ...110
Sources ..111

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