Highlights

The U.S. market for sports protective equipment was worth $1.8 billion in 2012. The market is projected to increase to nearly $1.9 billion in 2013 and $2.1 billion in 2018, a CAGR of 2.6% between 2013 and 2018. Cycling is the largest segment of the protective sports equipment market in the U.S., with the expected sales of $729.8 million in 2013. In the longer term (i.e., through 2018), this market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 1.5%, reaching $786.2 million by 2018. Football is one of the fastest-growing segments, with a projected CAGR of 8% between 2013 and 2018, reaching $344.8 million in 2013 and $505.7 million by 2018.

STUDY BACKGROUND

In a widely publicized 2013 interview, President Obama said that “if I had a son, I’d have to think long and hard before I let him play football,” due to the risk of long-term brain damage many football players suffer as a result of repeated head trauma and concussions. In making this statement, the president was only confirming what many players and families of players already know. The number of boys playing youth and high school football has declined significantly over the last few years, to the point where college and professional teams have expressed concerns over a shrinking pool of young talent in the game. The National Football League currently is being sued by over 4,000 of its former players on the grounds that it did not do enough to inform them about the dangers of concussion and is not doing enough to take care of players who were injured. The cases, which are still in the early stages of being heard, could result in potentially large damages if the courts find in the plaintiffs’ favor. Obama’s remarks were not the first time that a president had expressed concerns about the danger of football. As long ago as 1905, Teddy Roosevelt convened a meeting of the most influential figures in football to reduce the level of violence. Roosevelt’s meeting resulted in significant rule changes in the game, such as the outlawing of rugby-style mass formations and gang tackling, increasing the distance required for a first down from five yards to ten yards to encourage plays that did not go through the center of the line, and the introduction of the forward pass. The introduction of new rules to reduce the likelihood of injury has represented on element of a two-pronged strategy for reducing serious head injuries in football; the other prong has been the introduction of new types of football helmets that do a better job of protecting the player. The attempt to design a better football helmet goes back at least as far as World War I, when the first full skull protection football helmets were introduced to replace the soft leather “head harnesses” that many players then wore. While the risks of playing football are more widely known than those of most other sports due to the game’s popularity and its players’ visibility, other sports must contend with safety risks of their own.

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The overall goal of this study is to identify and quantify the market for protective sports equipment. Specific objectives include the following: Identifying current and emerging technologies for protecting participants in various sports against traumatic or repeated-use injuries. Analyzing and predicting trends in user markets for each of these technologies, as the basis for developing baseline estimates of the sports market for protective sports equipment. Identifying and quantifying the key demand drivers in each of these markets and their projected market impacts. Drawing attention to manufacturers of sports protection equipment that are most likely to benefit from the trends identified above.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

The report is directed to the various companies interested in protective sports equipment, including: Companies involved in developing, manufacturing and supplying protective sports equipment. Manufacturers, suppliers and users of the materials used in protective sports equipment. Companies interested in participating in the development, manufacture, supply and/or use of protective sports equipment. Organizations that purchase/use protective sports equipment. This report is intended especially for developers and vendors of protective sports equipment and materials used in the fabrication of such equipment and others with an interest in understanding where the market is headed with respect to sports protective technologies, including: Members of industry and technical organizations such as the Sports and Fitness Industry Association (SFIA) and ASTM (formerly the American Society for Testing and Materials). Officials of sports organizations. Government regulatory authorities. The general sports and technology interest communities, including journalists.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

This report focuses on protective equipment worn in nonmotor sports, including: Football. Baseball. Ice hockey. Cycling. Inline skating/skateboarding. Lacrosse. Wrestling. Skiing/snowboarding. Soccer. Equestrian sports. Fencing. Climbing. Water polo. Boxing. The emphasis is on commercially available equipment that is designed to prevent injury, rather than to protect injured tissue and promote healing once injury has occurred. The report also does not cover devices whose main purpose is enhancing performance and/or comfort, although they may also protect against injury. Athletic footwear is not included, because of the difficulty of distinguishing between sales of shoes to serious athletes, to whom their protective value is significant, and more casual wearers who wear them primarily for comfort and/or style. A similar rationale applies to cold weather clothing, such as ski parkas. The report format includes the following major elements: Executive summary. Definitions. Regulation. Technologies (basic principles, materials, specific applications, major patents). Major end-user markets, 2012. Market drivers. Projected sales, 2013 to 2018. Manufacturer profiles.

METHODOLOGY

The findings and conclusions of this report are based on both primary and secondary research methodologies. Market information was gathered from sports products manufacturers, materials and devices vendors, and sports-related organizations. Interview data were combined with information gathered through an extensive review of secondary sources such as trade publications, trade associations, company literature and on-line databases to produce the baseline market estimates contained in this report. The base-year for analysis and projection is 2012. With 2012 as a baseline, market projections were developed for 2013 to 2018. These projections are based on a combination of a consensus among the primary contacts combined with BCC’s understanding of the key market drivers and their impact from a historical and analytical perspective. The analytical methodologies used to generate the market estimates are described in detail in the section on the U.S. market for sports protective equipment. All market projections presented in this report are in 2012 constant dollars at the retail level, unless otherwise noted.

Table Of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY BACKGROUND 2
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
SCOPE AND FORMAT 3
METHODOLOGY 4
AUTHOR'S CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH 5
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 5
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE SALES OF PROTECTIVE SPORT EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF SPORT,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE SALES OF PROTECTIVE SPORT EQUIPMENT BY PART OF BODY
PROTECTED, 2012-2018 (% OF TOTAL SALES) 7
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 10
SCOPE OF STUDY AND DEFINITIONS 10
HISTORY 10
BASEBALL 10
Catcher's Masks 10
Helmets 11
Shin Guards 11
FOOTBALL 11
Football Helmets 11
Football Pads 11
Athletic Supporter 12
HOCKEY 12
Pads 12
Masks 13
Helmets 13
SOCCER 13
Shin Guards 13
Goalie Gloves 14
Soccer Headgear 14
WRESTLING 14
Wrestling Headgear 14
CYCLING 15
Cycle Helmets 15
SNOW SPORTS 15
Ski Helmets 15
FENCING 16
Fencing Mask 16
Other Fencing Clothes 16
CLIMBING SPORTS 17
Climbing Helmets 17
Climbing Harnesses 17
LACROSSE 17
ROLLER SPORTS 18
Skateboard Helmets 18
TYPES OF PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 18
HEAD AND FACE PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 18
Helmets 18
TABLE 1 TYPES OF SPORTS PROTECTIVE HELMET 18
Face Guards 19
Throat Protection 19
Mouth Guards 19
Ear Guards 20
Eye Protection 20
TRUNK AND THORAX PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 20
Shoulder Pads 20
Chest Protectors and Rib Belts 20
Hip and Buttock Protectors 21
Groin and Genitalia Protectors 21
UPPER EXTREMITY PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 21
Elbow Protectors 21
Protective Gloves 21
LOWER EXTREMITY PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 22
Knee Protectors 22
Shin Protectors 22
MAJOR END-USER MARKETS 22
FOOTBALL 22
FIGURE 1 U.S. FOOTBALL PARTICIPATION, 2012 (%) 22
FIGURE 2 NCAA FOOTBALL PARTICIPATION, 2007/2008-2010/2011 SEASON
(NUMBER OF PLAYERS) 23
FIGURE 3 HIGH SCHOOL FOOTBALL PARTICIPATION, 2007/2008-2011/2012
SEASONS (NUMBER OF PLAYERS) 23
ICE HOCKEY 24
FIGURE 4 TRENDS IN AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN ICE HOCKEY, 2007-2012
(NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS) 24
BASEBALL AND SOFTBALL 26
FIGURE 5 TRENDS IN THE NUMBER OF AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN BASEBALL
AND SOFTBALL AT LEAST ONCE PER YEAR, 2005-2011 (MILLIONS) 26
SOCCER 27
FIGURE 6 TRENDS IN AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN SOCCER, 2007-2011 (NUMBER
OF PARTICIPANTS) 27
CYCLING 28
FIGURE 7 TRENDS IN THE NUMBER OF AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN BICYCLING,
2007-2012 (MILLIONS) 28
FENCING 29
FIGURE 8 TRENDS IN AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN FENCING, 2007-2012
(NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS) 30
SNOW SPORTS 31
FIGURE 9 TRENDS IN AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN SNOW SPORTS REQUIRING
PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2007-2012 (NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS) 31
ROLLER SPORTS 32
FIGURE 10 TRENDS IN AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN ROLLER SPORTS, 2007-2012
(NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS) 32
LACROSSE 33
FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN LACROSSE, 2007-2011
(NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS) 33
FIGURE 12 TRENDS IN THE PER-PLAYER U.S. SALES OF LACROSSE PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT, 2007-2012 (CONSTANT 2011 DOLLARS) 34
WRESTLING 35
FIGURE 13 TRENDS IN AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN WRESTLING, 2007-2012
(NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS) 35
CLIMBING SPORTS 36
FIGURE 14 TRENDS IN AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN CLIMBING SPORTS,
2007-2012 (NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS) 37
WATER POLO 37
FIGURE 15 TRENDS IN AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN WATER POLO, 2007-2012
(NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS) 37
WHITEWATER RAFTING AND KAYAKING 39
FIGURE 16 TRENDS IN AMERICANS PARTICIPATING IN WHITEWATER RAFTING AND
KAYAKING, 2007-2012 (NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS) 39
OTHER SPORTS 39
Equestrian Sports 40
Boxing 40
FIGURE 17 NUMBER OF U.S. PARTICIPANTS IN CONTACT BOXING, 2012 (%) 40
REGULATIONS 41
ROLE OF GOVERNMENT AGENCIES 41
Occupational Safety and Health Administration 41
Consumer Product Safety Commission 41
State and Other Government Regulation 42
ROLE OF NONGOVERNMENT AGENCIES 42
National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment 42
Hockey Equipment Certification Council 43
Canadian Standards Association 43
ASTM Committee F08 on Sports Equipment and Facilities 44
LITIGATION 44
NFL CONCUSSION LITIGATION 44
CHAPTER 4 SPORTS PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES 47
TYPES OF SPORTS INJURY 47
TABLE 2 COMMON TYPES OF SPORTS INJURIES 47
ACHILLES TENDON INJURIES 48
ANKLE INJURIES 48
ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURIES 48
CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME 49
CHONDROMALACIA 49
CONCUSSIONS AND OTHER HEAD INJURIES 49
FIGURE 18 MOST COMMON SPORTS-RELATED HEAD INJURIES TREATED IN U.S.
EMERGENCY ROOMS, 2009 (NUMBER OF INJURIES) 50
DISLOCATED SHOULDER 51
EYE INJURIES 51
GOLFER'S ELBOW 52
GROIN PULL 52
HAMSTRING INJURIES 52
ILIOTIBIAL BAND FRICTION SYNDROME 52
PLANTAR FASCIITIS 53
POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURIES 53
ROTATOR CUFF TEARS 53
SHIN SPLINTS 54
SKIER'S THUMB 54
SPRAINS, FRACTURES AND BROKEN BONES 54
TAILBONE INJURIES 55
TENNIS ELBOW 55
TURF TOE 55
PRINCIPLES OF SPORTS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 56
TRAUMA PROTECTION 56
REPETITIVE STRESS INJURY PROTECTION 57
MATERIALS 57
POLYMERS 58
TABLE 3 POLYMERIC MATERIALS USED IN SPORTS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 58
Polycarbonate 59
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene 59
Polyethylene 59
Polyurethane 60
Ethylene Vinyl Acetate 60
Polystyrene 60
Polypropylene 60
Fiberglass 60
Kevlar and Other Aramid Fibers 60
NXT 61
Zoombang 61
D3O 61
Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene 61
CARBON FIBER 62
NANOMATERIALS 62
Nanoparticles 62
Nanocomposites 62
SMART MATERIALS 63
Shear Thickening Composite 63
CHAPTER 5 TYPES OF PROTECTIVE SPORTS EQUIPMENT 65
TABLE 4 TYPES OF SPORTS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 65
HEAD AND FACE PROTECTION 65
HELMETS 65
TABLE 5 HELMET SUPPLIERS 66
Football Helmets 67
Baseball Helmets 68
Snow Sports Helmets 69
Cycling Helmets 69
Ice Hockey Helmets 69
Equestrian Helmets 70
Whitewater Helmets 70
FACE GUARDS 70
TABLE 6 FENCING MASK SUPPLIERS 71
THROAT PROTECTORS 71
TABLE 7 THROAT PROTECTOR SUPPLIERS 71
EAR PROTECTORS 72
TABLE 8 WRESTLING EAR PROTECTOR SUPPLIERS 72
EYE PROTECTORS 72
TABLE 9 SPORTS EYE PROTECTION SUPPLIERS 73
MOUTH GUARDS 73
TORSO AND THORAX 74
SHOULDER PADS 74
TABLE 10 SHOULDER PAD SUPPLIERS 74
CHEST PADS AND RIB PROTECTORS 75
TABLE 11 CHEST PAD AND RIB PROTECTOR SUPPLIERS 75
THIGH AND BUTTOCK PROTECTORS 76
GROIN PROTECTORS 76
UPPER EXTREMITIES 76
GLOVES 76
Catcher's Mitts 76
Soccer 77
Hockey 77
Lacrosse 77
Boxing Gloves 77
Cycling Gloves 78
ELBOW PROTECTORS 78
LOWER EXTREMITIES 78
KNEE BRACES 78
SHIN GUARD 79
CHAPTER 6 U.S. MARKET FOR PROTECTIVE SPORTS EQUIPMENT 81
SUMMARY 81
MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH TRENDS 81
FIGURE 19 U.S. MARKET FOR SPORTS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012-2018 ($
MILLIONS) 81
MARKET SEGMENTATION 82
Segmentation by Type of Sport 82
TABLE 12 SALES OF PROTECTIVE SPORTS EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF SPORT,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 82
FIGURE 20 SALES OF PROTECTIVE SPORT EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF SPORT,
2012-2018 (% OF TOTAL SALES) 82
Segmentation by Type of Equipment 84
TABLE 13 SALES OF PROTECTIVE SPORTS EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 84
FIGURE 21 SALES OF PROTECTIVE SPORT EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF EQUIPMENT,
2012-2018 (% OF TOTAL SALES) 84
FOOTBALL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 86
CURRENT MARKET 86
FIGURE 22 U.S. SALES OF FOOTBALL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012 (%) 86
MARKET DRIVERS 87
Concussion Risks 87
FIGURE 23 TRENDS IN REPORTED NUMBER OF NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE
CONCUSSIONS, 2008-2012 (NUMBER OF CONCUSSIONS) 87
Football Participation Trends 89
PROJECTED SALES 90
TABLE 14 SALES OF FOOTBALL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 90
FIGURE 24 SALES OF FOOTBALL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 (% OF
TOTAL SALES) 90
BASEBALL/SOFTBALL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 92
CURRENT MARKET 92
FIGURE 25 U.S. SALES OF BASEBALL/SOFTBALL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012 (%) 92
MARKET DRIVERS 93
Declining Overall Baseball/Softball Participation 93
Introduction of New Safety Equipment 93
PROJECTED SALES 93
TABLE 15 SALES OF BASEBALL/SOFTBALL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 94
ICE HOCKEY 95
CURRENT MARKET 95
FIGURE 26 U.S. SALES OF ICE HOCKEY PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012 (%) 95
MARKET DRIVERS 96
Increasing Player Participation 96
TABLE 16 PROJECTED U.S. ICE HOCKEY PARTICIPANTS, 2012-2018 (NUMBER) 97
Declining Average Expenditures on Protective Equipment 97
FIGURE 27 AVERAGE EXPENDITURES ON ICE HOCKEY PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT,
2012-2018 ($ PER PARTICIPANT) 97
PROJECTED SALES 98
TABLE 17 SALES OF ICE HOCKEY PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 98
SOCCER 99
CURRENT MARKET 99
FIGURE 28 U.S. SALES OF SOCCER PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012 (%) 99
MARKET DRIVERS 100
Soccer Participation 100
Growing Sales of New Types of Protective Equipment Leading to
Growth of Average per-Player Expenditures 101
PROJECTED SALES 101
TABLE 18 SALES OF SOCCER PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 101
LACROSSE 102
CURRENT MARKET 102
FIGURE 29 U.S. SALES OF LACROSSE PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012 (%) 102
MARKET DRIVERS 103
Increasing Player Participation 103
TABLE 19 PROJECTED U.S. LACROSSE PARTICIPANTS, THROUGH 2018 (NUMBER) 104
Trends in Average Protective Equipment Expenditures 104
TABLE 20 AVERAGE PER PLAYER EXPENDITURES ON LACROSSE PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 (NUMBER/$) 105
PROJECTED SALES 105
TABLE 21 SALES OF LACROSSE PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 105
CYCLING 106
CURRENT MARKET 106
FIGURE 30 U.S. SALES OF CYCLING PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012 (%) 106
MARKET DRIVERS 107
Participation Rates 107
TABLE 22 PROJECTED NUMBER OF U.S. CYCLING PARTICIPANTS, THROUGH 2018
(MILLIONS) 108
Protective Clothing Market Penetration 108
PROJECTED SALES 109
TABLE 23 SALES OF CYCLING PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 109
FENCING 109
CURRENT MARKET 109
FIGURE 31 U.S. SALES OF FENCING PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012 (%) 110
MARKET DRIVERS 110
Participation Rates 111
TABLE 24 PROJECTED U.S. FENCING PARTICIPANTS, THROUGH 2018 (NUMBER) 111
Equipment Replacement Rates 111
PROJECTED SALES 111
TABLE 25 AVERAGE PER PLAYER EXPENDITURES ON FENCING PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 112
TABLE 26 SALES OF FENCING PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 112
SNOW SPORTS 113
CURRENT MARKET 113
FIGURE 32 U.S. SALES OF SKIING/SNOWBOARDING PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012
(%) 113
MARKET DRIVERS 114
PROJECTED SALES 114
TABLE 27 SALES OF SNOW SPORTS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS/%) 115
WRESTLING 115
CURRENT MARKET 115
FIGURE 33 U.S. SALES OF WRESTLING PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012 (%) 116
MARKET DRIVERS 116
Increasing Participation 116
TABLE 28 PROJECTED U.S. WRESTLING PARTICIPANTS, THROUGH 2018 (NUMBER) 117
Replacement Sales 117
PROJECTED SALES 117
TABLE 29 AVERAGE PER-PLAYER EXPENDITURES ON WRESTLING PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 117
TABLE 30 SALES OF WRESTLING PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 118
ROLLER SPORTS 118
CURRENT MARKET 118
FIGURE 34 U.S. SALES OF ROLLER SPORTS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012 (%) 118
MARKET DRIVERS 119
Declining Participation 119
TABLE 31 PROJECTED NUMBER OF U.S. ROLLER SPORTS PARTICIPANTS, THROUGH
2018 (MILLIONS) 119
PROJECTED SALES 120
TABLE 32 SALES OF ROLLER SPORTS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 120
WATER POLO 120
CURRENT MARKET 120
MARKET DRIVERS 121
Increasing Participation 121
TABLE 33 PROJECTED NUMBER OF U.S. WATER POLO PARTICIPANTS, THROUGH
2018 (MILLIONS) 121
PROJECTED SALES 121
WHITEWATER RAFTING AND KAYAKING 121
CURRENT MARKET 121
FIGURE 35 ESTIMATED EXPENDITURES ON WHITEWATER SPORTS PROTECTIVE
HELMETS, 2012 (%) 121
MARKET DRIVERS 123
Increasing Participation 123
TABLE 34 PROJECTED NUMBER OF U.S. WHITEWATER SPORTS PARTICIPANTS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLIONS) 123
PROJECTED SALES 123
TABLE 35 SALES OF WHITEWATER SPORTS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH
2018 ($ MILLIONS) 123
CLIMBING 124
CURRENT MARKET 124
FIGURE 36 U.S. SALES OF CLIMBING SPORTS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012 (%) 124
MARKET DRIVERS 125
Increasing Participation 125
TABLE 36 PROJECTED NUMBER OF U.S. CLIMBING SPORTS PARTICIPANTS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLIONS) 125
PROJECTED SALES 125
TABLE 37 SALES OF CLIMBING SPORTS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018
($ MILLIONS) 126
OTHER SPORTS 126
EQUESTRIAN SPORTS 126
TABLE 38 SALES OF EQUESTRIAN PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 127
BOXING 127
FIGURE 37 SALES OF BOXING PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012 (%) 127
TABLE 39 SALES OF BOXING PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2018 ($
MILLIONS) 128
CHAPTER 7 COMPANY PROFILES 130
ADAMS USA 130
ADIDAS AG 130
AGON SPORT LLC 130
ALLSTAR FECHT-CENTER GMBH and CO. KG 130
ALL STAR SPORTS INC. 131
ASICS AMERICA CRO 131
BANGERZ SPORTS EYE PROTECTION 131
BAUER PERFORMANCE SPORTS LTC. 131
BELL SPORTS 132
BERN UNLIMITED 132
BIKE ATHLETIC CO. 132
BLUE GAUNTLET FENCING GEAR INC. 132
BOLLE INC. 133
BRUTE WRESTLING 133
BURTON SNOWBOARDS 133
C.A.M.P. USA 133
CASCADE SPORTS CO. 134
CHAMPRO SPORTS 134
CLIFF KEEN WRESTLING PRODUCTS 134
CCM HOCKEY INC. 134
CORNING S.A.S OPHTHALMIC 135
D3O LAB 135
DOUGLAS PADS and SPORTS INC. 135
EASTON SPORTS INC. 135
EASTON-BELL SPORTS INC. 136
EVERLAST WORLDWIDE INC. 136
FINIS INC. 136
FULL 90 SPORTS 137
GEAR 2000 137
GIRO 137
IMPACT INNOVATIVE PRODUCTS LLC 137
IMPACT PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT LLC 138
INTERCAST EUROPE S.P.A. 138
LEON PAUL EQUIPMENT COMPANY LTD. 138
MARKWORT SPORTING GOODS CO. 138
MATMAN WRESTLING CO. 139
MAVERIK LACROSSE 139
MISSION HOCKEY CO. 139
MIZUNO USA INC. 139
NASYCON 140
L. NEGRINI and F. SNC 140
NUTCASE INC. 140
PANOPTX 140
PBT FENCING 141
PETZL INTERNATIONAL 141
POC VENTURES LLC 141
PREDATOR DESIGNS INC. 142
PRORIDER 142
PRO-TEC 142
PROTECTIVE SPORTS EQUIPMENT 142
RAWLINGS SPORTING GOODS CO. INC. 143
REEBOK INTERNATIONAL LTD. 143
RIDDELL 143
ROCK ON DISTRIBUTION 144
SCHUTT SPORTS INC. 144
SG HELMETS 145
SHOCK DOCTOR INC. 145
SHRED READY 145
SMITH SPORT OPTICS INC. 145
THERMOPRAXIS LLC 146
TOUR HOCKEY 146
TRIPLE EIGHT 146
TROXEL LLC 146
UHLMANN FECHTSPORT GMBH and CO. KG 147
UNDER ARMOUR INC. 147
UNEQUAL TECHNOLOGIES CO. 147
UVEX SPORTS GMBH and CO. KG 147
VAUGHN CUSTOM SPORTS USA 148
WARRIOR SPORTS INC. 148
WHITEWATER RESEARCH AND SAFETY INSTITUTE INC. 148
WILSON SPORTING GOODS CO. 148
XENITH LLC 149
CHAPTER 8 PATENT ANALYSIS 151
FIGURE 38 SPORTS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT PATENTS ISSUED AND PATENT
APPLICATIONS PENDING AS OF APRIL 15, 2013 (%) 151
FIGURE 39 TRENDS IN NUMBER OF HELMET-RELATED U.S. PATENTS ISSUED
ANNUALLY (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 153
FIGURE 40 DISTRIBUTION OF HELMET-RELATED U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT
APPLICATIONS BY SPORT (% OF TOTAL PATENTS/APPLICATIONS) 153
FIGURE 41 DISTRIBUTION OF HELMET-RELATED U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT
APPLICATIONS BY TYPE OF ORGANIZATION/INDIVIDUAL (% OF TOTAL
PATENTS/APPLICATIONS)
155
TABLE 40 PRINCIPAL SPORTS HELMET IP PORTFOLIO (NUMBER OF PATENTS) 15

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