Global Alternative Energy Industry

  • January 2012
  • -
  • Global Industry Analysts

The global outlook series on Alternative Energy provides a collection of statistical anecdotes, market briefs, and concise summaries of research findings. The report offers an aerial view of the global Alternative Energy industry, identifies major short to medium term market challenges, and growth drivers. Regional markets elaborated upon include US, Canada, Japan, Europe, India, Australia, China, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, and Latin America among others. The report also offers a recapitulation of recent mergers, acquisitions, and corporate developments in addition to an indexed, easy-to-refer, fact-finder directory listing the addresses, and contact details of 617 companies active in the market.

Table Of Contents

Clean Energy Trends: The Changing Face of the Future 1
Alternative Energy Gains Global Prominence 1
China Dominates Global Clean Energy Industry 2
Reduction in Prices Unravel New Growth Opportunities 3
Current and Future Analysis 3
Table 1: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Alternative Energy by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (including Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets with Annual Consumption in Terawatt-Hours for
Years 2010 through 2015 4

Table 2: World 5-Year Perspective for Alternative Energy by
Geographic Region Percentage Breakdown of Annual Consumption
in Terawatt-Hours for US, Canada, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(including Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets
for Years 2011 and 2015 5

Table 3: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Alternative Energy by Sector - Nuclear Power,
Hydroelectricity and Other Renewables with Annual Consumption
in Terawatt-Hours for Years 2010 through 2015 6

Table 4: World 5-Year Perspective for Alternative Energy by
Sector Percentage Breakdown of Annual Consumption in
Terawatt-Hours for Nuclear Power, Hydroelectricity and Other
Renewables for Years 2011 and 2015 7
Market Dynamics 7
Global Renewable Energy Industry Recovers Post Economic
Recession 7
Consolidation Imperative in the Current Economic Environment 8
Renewable Energy to Transform Rural Landscape in Developing
Countries 8
Renewable Energy Targets and Initiatives 8
United States 8
Europe 9
Spain 9
Germany 9
China 10
India 10
Renewable Electricity and Green Power Purchasing Certificates 10
Market Challenges 11
Logistical and Financial Problems Force Closure of Clean-
Technology Mega-Projects 11
Clean Technology Economics - A Long- Term Initiative 11
Rising Concerns Over Natural Resource Depletion May Eclipse
Clean Tech Projects 12

Solar Energy: Riding on GREEN Strength 13
Solar Power: A Part of the Energy Mix Portfolio 13
Solar Photovoltaics Market 14
Long-term Prospects Upbeat for the PV Systems Market 14
Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Market 15
A Peek into the Government Efforts Worldwide to Promote Solar
Energy 15
China Outstrips Japan in Solar Cells Production 16
Table 5: World PV Cell Production (2010): Percentage Share
Breakdown by Country 16
Key Statistics 17
Table 6: Leading PV Module Suppliers Worldwide (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown by MW Shipped 17

Table 7: Leading Solar Panel Producers Worldwide (2010):
Percentage Breakdown by Production in MW 17
Wind Industry - An Overview 18
Wind Energy Recovers from Economic Doldrums 18
Europe and North America: The Wind Energy Heavyweights 19
What Makes Winds a Clean, Safe and Affordable Source of Energy? 19
Offshore Wind Energy: The Next Great Leap for the Wind Industry 20
Nuclear Power 20
Amidst Controversies Nuclear Power Makes a Comeback to the Fore 20
High Crude Oil Prices Stimulate Growth of Nuclear Power 21
Impact of Global Economic Recession on Nuclear Power Plans 21
Nuclear Energy: A Growing Need for Both Developed and
Emerging Economies 21
Nuclear Power Share Undeterred Due to Rise in Average Load
Factor 22
Capacity Expansions, Financial Incentives to Up Nuclear Power
Production 22
Global Warming Concerns to Drive Demand for Nuclear Energy 22
Regulations: The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) 23
Biomass Power 24
Biofuels 24
Geothermal Power 24
Ocean Energy 25
Hydropower 26

Renewable Energy Sources 27
Solar Energy 27
Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Technology 27
Solar Power Tower 27
Solar Trough 28
Parabolic Dish System 28
Photovoltaics 28
Evolution of Photovoltaic Technology 28
Solar Technologies 29
Solar Lighting Methods 29
Daylighting Systems 29
Hybrid Solar Lighting 30
Uses of Solar Energy 30
Horticulture and Agriculture 30
Heating, Ventilation, and Cooling 30
Solar Hot Water Systems 30
Solar Distillation 30
Solar Water Disinfection 31
Solar Cookers 31
Waste Water Treatment 31
Process Heat 32
Evaporation Ponds 32
Solar Vehicles 32
Solar Chemical 32
Other Uses of Solar Energy 33
Experimental Use of Solar Energy 33
Solar Updraft Tower 33
Thermovoltaic Devices 34
Space Solar Power Systems 34
Applications and Advantages of Solar Energy 34
Methods for Storing Solar Energy 34
Wind Power 35
How Wind is Generated? 35
Wind Turbines 35
Drawbacks of Wind Power 36
Hydropower 36
Dedicated Hydroelectric Plants 36
Small-Scale Hydroelectric Power Plants 36
Benefits of Hydroelectricity 37
Drawbacks of Hydroelectric Power 37
Wave Power 37
Energy Generation Methods 37
Advantages of Wave Power 38
Drawbacks 38
Tidal Energy 38
Earth-Moon-Sun: Tidal Energy Generators 38
Types of Tidal Energy 39
Tidal Stream Systems 39
Barrages 39
Tidal Stream Generators 39
Shrouded Tidal Energy Turbine 39
Advantages and Disadvantages of Shrouded Turbines 40
Methods of Tidal Power Generation 40
Barrage Tidal Power 40
Ebb Generation 40
Flood Generation 41
Two-Basin Schemes 41
Biomass 41
Low Tech Methods 41
High Tech Methods 41
Impact of Biomass on Environment 42
Wood Biomass 42
Biofuels 42
Nuclear Power 42
Uranium - The Key Source of Nuclear Power Generation 43
Alternative Vehicle Fuels 43
Electricity 43
CNG and LNG 43
LPG 44
Hydrogen 44
Ethanol 44
Methanol 44
Biodiesel 44

Solar Energy 45
Solar Energy: Research and Development 45
Solar Energy: Market Development 45
Wind Energy 46
Wind Energy: Evolution and Development 46
Wind Energy: Advancements and Market Development 46
Hydroelectric Power 46






Alternative Energy Resources Gain Focus 104
Industry Regulations 105
Renewable Energy Market Overview 105
Solar Energy Market- An Overview 106
Government Policies Fuel Solar Energy Growth 106
Investment Scenario 107
US - The Global Leader in Wind Energy 107
Market Challenges 108
A Windmap of Windpower Status 108
California 108
Illinois 108
Minnesota 109
Texas 109
Iowa 109
Washington 109
Nuclear Energy Overview 109
US - A Major Industry Contributor 109
An Overview of Hydropower Industry 110
Biomass 110
Geothermal Market Overview 110

1b. CANADA 112
Wind Energy Overview 112
Ontario - A Leader in the Making 112
Solar Energy Overview 113
Table 8: Canadian PV Market (2010): Breakdown of Annual PV
Power Installed (MW) 113
End Use Market 113
Equipment Market 113
PV Technology: The Prospects 114
The Barriers 114

2. JAPAN 115
Alternative Energy Overview 115
Solar Energy Overview 115
Japanese Players to Ramp Up Production to Regain Share 115
The NEDO Contribution 116
The METI Strategy 117
Wind Energy Overview 117
Geothermal Energy Overview 118

3. EUROPE 119
EC’s Proposals for Promoting Renewable Energy Sources 119
Table 9: EU Renewable Energy Targets for EU15 Countries by
2020 120
Government Incentives for New Energy Plants 120
PV Overview 120
Wind Energy Overview 121
The Regional Wind Energy Leaders 121
Offshore Wind Energy to Grow Exponentially 121
Offshore Wind Energy Challenges 121
Table 10: Leading Turbine Makers for the Offshore Grid
(2010): Percentage Share Breakdown of Sales for Siemens,
Vestas and REpower 122
Central and Eastern Europe Exhibit Strong Growth Potential 122
High and Low Growth Countries 122
Market Analytics 123
Table 11: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Alternative Energy by Geographic Region - France, Germany,
Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe with Annual
Consumption in Terawatt Hours for Years 2010 through 2015 123

Table 12: European 5-Year Perspective for Alternative Energy
by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption in
Terawatt Hours for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia
and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2011 and 2015 124

3a. FRANCE 125
Renewable Energy Overview 125
Solar Energy Overview 125
Governmental Support and Funding 125
Wind Energy Overview 126

3b. GERMANY 127
Solar Energy Overview 127
Wind Energy Overview 127

3c. ITALY 128
Italian PV Market to Witness Robust Growth 128
Research Programs 128
A Brief Overview of the Italian Wind Energy Market 128
Leading Wind Energy Producers and Turbine Manufacturers 129
Geothermal Industry Overview 129

Renewable Energy Overview 130
Solar Energy Overview 130
Wind Energy Overview 130
Government Promotes Offshore Wind Farms 131
Natural Gas Overview 132
Biofuel Overview 132

3e. SPAIN 133
Renewable Energy Overview 133
Solar Energy Overview 133
Issues Before the Industry 133
Wind Energy Overview 134

Romania 135
Renewable Energy Overview 135
Czech Republic 135
PV Industry Overview 135
Sweden 135
Alternative Energy Overview 135
Wind Energy Overview 136
Turkey 136
Wind Power Overview 136
Switzerland 137
Alternative Energy Overview 137
Estonia 137
Renewable Energy Overview 137
Finland 137
Renewable Energy Overview 137
Lithuania 138
Renewable Energy Overview 138
Latvia 138
Renewable Energy Overview 138
Denmark 139
Renewable Energy Overview 139
Wind Energy Overview 139
Netherlands 140

Renewable Energy Sector- An Overview 141
Southeast Asia Presents Immense Growth Prospects 141
Table 13: Renewable Energy Market in Southeast Asia:
Percentage Share of Installed Capacity by Technology for the
Years 2012 and 2015(E) 142
Geothermal and Biomass Energy Lead the Suite 142
Philippines Leads Southeast Asian Market for Renewable Energy 142
Solar Power Market- An Overview 143
Wind Energy - Asia-Pacific 144
China and India Drive Wind Energy Market in Asia 144
Wind Energy in Southeast Asia 144
Small Hydropower Plants - the Mainstay of Hydropower Sector in
Southeast Asia 144
Philippines and Indonesia Lead Geothermal Power Sector in
Southeast Asia 145
Substantial Resources Bode Strong Growth in Biomass Power 145
Key Markets 146
Biofuel Market Booming in Asia-Pacific 146
Market Analytics 146
Table 14: Asia Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Alternative Energy by Geographic Region - China, India,
Japan, Rest of Asia-Pacific with Annual Consumption in
Terawatt hours for Years 2010 through 2015 147

Table 15: Asia Pacific 5-Year Perspective for Alternative
Energy by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Consumption in Terawatt Hours for China, India, Japan, Rest
of Asia-Pacific for Years 2011 and 2015 148

4a. CHINA 149
Rising Energy Demand Shifts Focus to Alternative Energy Sources 149
Alternative Energy Opportunities in China 149
Renewable Energy Market in China 149
Government Support for Renewable Energy Market 150
The Renewable Energy Act 151
Solar Energy Sector - A Review 151
China Poised to Become Major Solar Energy Consumer 152
Table 16: Leading Solar PV Manufacturers in China (2010):
Percentage Share Breakdown by Revenues 152

Table 17: Top Solar Panel Producers in China (2010): Ranked
by Estimated Production in Megawatts 153
Wind Energy Exhibits High Potential for Growth 153

4b. INDIA 155
Renewable Energy Market in India - A Primer 155
Government Support 155
Renewable Energy Resources to Fulfill Growing Energy Needs 156
An Overview of Solar Power Market 157
Major Players 157
India Treads Forward in Wind Energy 157
Increasing Focus on Small Hydropower Plants 158
Biofuel Market on Growth Path 158

An Overview of Renewable Energy Market 159
Huge Prospects Lie Within 159
PV Market - An Overview 159
Geothermal Market Overview 160

4d. THAILAND 161
Renewable Energy Market- An Overview 161
Solar Energy: Proving to be the Best Alternative 161
Hydroelectric Power Generation to Increase 161
Thailand Falls Short of Alternative Energy Targets 161

Alternative Energy - An Indispensable Constituent of Energy Mix 162

Renewable Energy Market- An Overview 163


Renewable Energy Sources Gain Significance in Electricity
Generation 164
Renewable Energy: Challenges 164
Government Initiatives in Different Latin American Countries 165
Costa Rica 165
Chile 165
Mexico 165
Central America and the Caribbean 165
Solar Energy Market 166
Wind Energy Market 166
Market Scenario 166
Technology Advancements Fuel Wind Power Growth 167
Biomass Market 167
Robust Growth Ahead in Biomass-Based Power Generation 168

5a. BRAZIL 169
Renewable Energy Industry - An Overview 169
Wind Energy Market 169
Biofuel Market Booming in Brazil 169

5b. MEXICO 170
Overview 170

Wind Energy Continues to Expand in MENA Region 171
Nigeria 171
Algeria 171
Renewable Energy Production to Rise 171
Table 18: Renewable Power Production Capacity Forecast in
Algeria by Domestic Consumption and Exports (In MW) for the
Years 2010, 2015, and 2020 172


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