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  3. > Surveillance and Monitoring of Explosive, Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Hazards - Focus on Explosive Hazards

This report concentrates on the regional markets for technologies involved in the manufacture of different types of explosive hazard monitoring equipment and their application markets.

This report provides:

- An overview of the global market for the surveillance and monitoring of explosive, chemical, biological, and nuclear hazards.
- Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013 and 2014, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2019.
- Discussion of how hazards due to industrial accidents, nuclear plant accidents, or accidental releases of biological agents from a laboratory can be prevented or minimized if precautionary measures are set up in advance and necessary equipment and trained personnel are available to respond.
- A breakdown of the global and regional markets for technologies involved in the manufacture of different types of explosive hazard monitoring equipment and the markets for applications in which such monitoring equipment will be utilized, as well as the basic technologies involved in the manufacture of such equipment.
- Comprehensive company profiles of manufacturers, their market shares, and their research and development (R&D) efforts to cultivate new technologies and equipment for better monitoring of explosive hazards.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVE

A hazard is a real or potential condition that can cause injury, illness or death to personnel; damage to or loss of equipment or property; or damage to the environment. Hazards can be caused by hostile forces (e.g., terrorists, conventional military force) or accidental release of chemical or biological agents (e.g., natural disaster, accidental release by governmental or commercial sectors). Hazardous material is a substance that due to its explosive, chemical or biological nature causes safety, public health or environmental concerns that require an elevated level of effort to manage. In this report, the hazards that may arise out of explosions, chemical accidents, biological accidents and nuclear incidents are considered. The main objective of this report is to analyze the methods for monitoring these hazards and minimizing the damage they can cause.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

Explosion, chemical, biological and nuclear hazards (ECBN hazards) may be the result of such generally classified actions as:
- Accident.
- Terrorism.
- War or war-like situations.
Hazards due to industrial accident, nuclear plant accident or accidental biological agent release from a laboratory can be prevented or minimized if possible precautionary measures are set up in advance and necessary equipment and trained personnel are available to respond.Hazards created by terrorist groups are difficult to tackle, as the reasons for such actions may be beyond reconciliation through possible negotiations. The only way to face such hazards is to prepare for the possible consequences in advance.Hazards that may occur in cases of war or war-like situations could be tackled by negotiations between the concerned parties or nations, along with possible pressure from other more dominant and powerful countries or the United Nations. In the modern world, such incidents are unlikely to occur and if they do, the consequences may be devastating and all precautions are likely to be ineffective.The possibility of an ECBN hazard due to a war is not discussed in this report. The main objective of this report is to analyze the possible ways to monitor ECBN hazards that can happen because of accidents and terrorist acts using effective monitoring equipment and community preparation, including necessary decontamination and proper personal protective equipment (PPE).

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report is intended to serve as a valuable resource for all personnel involved in the production and marketing of various types of monitoring equipment, for researchers working in the development of new technologies for monitoring various ECBN hazards, for manufacturers of different types of sensors involved in the manufacture of such monitoring equipment and for military strategists and civil defense planners to prepare for eventualities caused by ECBN hazards.

SCOPE OF REPORT

This report concentrates on the global and regional markets for technologies involved in the manufacture of different types of ECBN hazard monitoring equipment and the markets for applications in which such monitoring equipment will be utilized, as well as the basic technologies involved in the manufacture of such equipment. The report also provides profiles of various manufacturers of such monitoring equipment, their market-shares and their research and development (R&D) efforts to cultivate new technologies and equipment for better monitoring of ECBN hazards. The report also provides information concerning different patents on the technologies and monitoring equipment, along with a patent analysis.

INFORMATION SOURCES

Both primary and secondary research methods were used in preparing this report. Primary information sources for this market research include individuals within companies, various research organizations, governmental agencies and trade associations.Secondary research includes extensive literature reviews, such as trade journals, seminar proceedings, patent literature, company literature, published reports and government publications. Additional secondary research sources include databases, trade literature, specialized journals and government statistics.

Table Of Contents

Surveillance and Monitoring of Explosive, Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Hazards - Focus on Explosive Hazards
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVE 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
TABLE A CLASSIFICATION OF CAUSES OF HAZARDS AND THE MEANS TO AVOID OR
MINIMIZE THEM 3
INTENDED AUDIENCE 4
SCOPE OF REPORT 4
INFORMATION SOURCES 4
ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED REPORTS 5
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 5
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING,
DECONTAMINATION AND PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($
BILLIONS)
8
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING,
DECONTAMINATION AND PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012-2019 ($
BILLIONS)
8
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 10
OVERVIEW OF MONITORING OF ECBN HAZARDS 10
CONCEPTS IN THE ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT INDUSTRY 10
IMPORTANCE OF ECBN HAZARD MONITORING INDUSTRY 11
HISTORY OF ECBN HAZARDS 11
LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 13
TECHNOLOGY LIFE CYCLE OF ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 14
FORESEEABLE FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS 14
HISTORY OF REGULATIONS 15
GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS, CONVENTIONS AND PROTOCOLS 15
THE NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION PLAN (NIPP) 15
SAFETY ACT 16
PROJECT SAFE PORT ACT 16
BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS ACT OF 1989 16
CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS CONTROL ACT OF 1991 (CBWCA) 16
ANTI-TERRORISM AND EFFECTIVE DEATH PENALTY ACT OF 1996 16
DEFENSE AGAINST WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION ACT OF 1996 16
LOCAL FIREFIGHTER AND EMERGENCY SERVICES TRAINING ACT OF 1996 16
U.N. REGULATION 17
EUROPEAN PROGRAM FOR CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION
(EPCIP) 17
ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE REPORT 17
CHAPTER 4 TECHNOLOGY 20
OVERVIEW 20
HAZARD CLASSIFICATION 20
TABLE 1 U.N. HAZARD CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM 20
EXPLOSIVE HAZARDS 21
OVERVIEW OF EXPLOSIVES 21
CLASSIFICATION OF EXPLOSIVES 23
PRIMARY EXPLOSIVES 23
SECONDARY EXPLOSIVES 23
TYPES OF EXPLOSIONS 23
CAUSES OF EXPLOSIONS 23
IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICES 24
EFFECTS OF EXPLOSIONS 24
EXPLOSION PROTECTION SYSTEMS 25
EXPLOSION MONITORING EQUIPMENT 25
EXPLOSIVE DETECTION SYSTEMS 26
EXPLOSIVE DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES 27
Canine Detection 27
TABLE 2 EXPLOSIVE DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES 28
Trace Detection 29
Main Trace Detection Technologies in Use 29
Ion Mobility Spectrometry (IMS) 29
Chemiluminescence (CL) 29
Amplifying Fluorescent Polymers (AFPs) 29
Energetic Materials Detection (EMD) 29
Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) 29
Bulk Detection 30
Main Bulk Detection Technologies in Use 30
X-ray 30
Computed Tomography (CT) 30
Multi-view and Multi-energy Generator X-rays 30
Backscatter X-ray 30
Millimeter Wave Imaging and THZ Spectroscopy 30
NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN EXPLOSIVE DETECTION 30
TECHNOLOGIES FOR DETECTION OF LIQUID EXPLOSIVES 31
CHEMICAL HAZARDS 31
PHYSICAL HAZARD 32
HEALTH HAZARD 32
CHEMICAL HAZARDS IN FOOD 33
TABLE 3 CATEGORIES OF CHEMICAL HAZARDS 34
HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINTS (HACCP) 34
CHEMICAL AGENTS (CA) 35
Types of Chemical Agents 35
TABLE 4 CHEMICAL AGENTS AND THEIR PROPERTIES 36
CHEMICAL HAZARDS SURVEILLANCE 37
Engineering Controls 37
Administrative Controls 37
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 38
CHEMICAL HAZARDS MONITORING 38
Routine and Ad Hoc Monitoring 38
Continuous Area Monitoring 39
Routine and Ad Hoc Personal Monitoring 39
Continuous Personal Monitoring 39
CHEMICAL AGENT DETECTION 39
Chemical Agent Detection Technologies and Equipment 40
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) 40
Fourier Transform IR Spectroscopy (FTIR) 40
Chemical Detection Paper 41
Chemical Agent Detection Kit 41
Colorimetric Tubes 42
Ion Mobility Spectroscopy (IMS) 42
Infrared Radiation Detection Techniques 43
Photo-acoustic IR Spectroscopy 43
Filter-Based IR Spectroscopy 43
Differential Absorption Light Detection and Ranging 43
Passive IR Detection 44
Surface Acoustic Wave Detection (SAW) 44
Other Detection Technologies 44
Photo-ionization Detection 44
Flame Photometry 44
Miniature Automatic Continuous Agent Monitoring System 45
Electrochemistry 45
Carbon Nanotube Gas Ionization Sensors 45
BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS 45
BIOLOGICAL AGENTS (BA) 45
Bacterial Agents 45
Viral Agents 46
Biological Toxins 46
TABLE 5 TYPICAL BIOLOGICAL AGENTS 47
LEVELS OF BIOHAZARDS 47
TABLE 6 CDC CLASSIFICATION OF LEVELS OF BIOHAZARDS 48
Biosafety Level 48
TABLE 7 CDC CLASSIFICATION OF BIOSAFETY LEVELS 49
ROUTES OF ENTRY AND TRANSMISSION 49
Direct Transmission of Infectious Agents 50
Indirect Transmission of Infectious Agents 50
HEALTH EFFECTS 50
Diseases Caused by Infectious Agents 50
Diseases Caused by Other Biological Agents 50
CLASSIFICATION OF BIOHAZARDS 51
CONTROL OF BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS 51
Biosecurity 51
Safe Work Procedures and Training 52
Biodetection 52
Biodetection Systems 52
BIOLOGICAL DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES 53
Electronic Nose 53
Immunoassay 53
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) 53
Fluorescence Particle Detection 54
DNA Microarray 54
Biosensor 54
MALDI Mass Spectrometry 55
Acoustic Wave Sensors 55
Autonomous Detection System (ADS) 56
Photonic Detection System for Biohazards and Biodefense 56
Nanotech Wipes for Biohazard Detection 57
NUCLEAR HAZARDS 57
HAZARDS OF NUCLEAR TERRORISM 58
TABLE 8 TYPICAL RADIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR TERRORIST DEVICES 59
HAZARDS OF NUCLEAR POWER REACTORS 59
Risks Associated with Old Designs 59
Risks Associated with New Designs 60
Aging of Operational Reactors 60
Terrorist Threat to Nuclear Power Plants 60
Risks Associated with Reprocessing Plants and Spent Fuel Storage
Areas 60
Routine Emissions from the Nuclear Industry 60
Reactor Accidents 60
HAZARDS OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE 61
High-Level Waste 61
Radon Problems 61
TYPES OF RADIATION 61
Alpha Particles 61
Beta Particles 62
Gamma Rays 62
Neutron Particles 62
Radionuclides 62
Background Radiation 63
PATHWAYS OF EXPOSURE 63
Direct (External) Exposure 63
Internal Exposure 63
RADIATION MONITORING SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT 64
Stationary Measuring Systems for External Radiation 64
Stationary and Portable Measuring Systems for Air Activity
Concentration 64
Portable Radiation Measuring Equipment 65
RADIATION DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES 65
Flame Photometry 65
Ion Mobility Spectroscopy (IMS) 66
Gamma-Ray Technologies 66
Microchannel Plate Technologies (MCPS) 67
Fissile-Material Detection Using Nuclear Acoustic Resonance 67
Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) 67
NEW TECHNOLOGIES FOR ECBN DETECTION 67
NEW SENSING TECHNOLOGIES 68
Nanosensors 68
Nanotube-Based Sensors 69
Nanoscaled Thin-Film Sensors 69
Quantum Dots 70
Terahertz Technologies 70
Electron Beam Technology 71
Terahertz Spectroscopy 71
Millimeter-wave Inspection 71
NUCLEAR DETECTION 72
OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 73
ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION 73
LEVELS OF DECONTAMINATION 74
Immediate Decontamination 74
Operational Decontamination 74
Thorough Decontamination 74
Clearance Decontamination 74
ADDITIONAL DECONTAMINATION CONSIDERATIONS 75
Patient Decontamination 75
Sensitive Equipment Decontamination 75
Aircraft Decontamination 75
Sealift Decontamination 76
Fixed Site Decontamination 76
Cargo Decontamination 76
Terrain Decontamination 76
Decontamination for Biological Agents 76
DECONTAMINATION PROCESS 77
Physical Process 77
Simple Inert Sorbent 77
Solvent Wash 77
High-Pressure System 77
Chemical Process 78
Reactive Sorbent 78
Catalytic Sorbent 78
Thermal Process 79
EMERGING DECONTAMINATION TECHNOLOGIES 79
Electrostatic Decontamination 79
Atmospheric Pressure Plasmas 79
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) 80
PPE FOR VARIOUS HAZARDS 81
PPE for Nerve Agents 81
PPE for Blister Agents 82
PPE for Biohazards 82
Protective Measures 83
Masks 83
Respirators 83
Protective Clothing 83
Medical Protection 84
Antibiotics 84
Vaccinations 84
PPE FOR RADIATION/NUCLEAR HAZARDS 84
Lead Aprons 85
Protective Eyewear 85Lead Gloves 86
Thyroid Shields 86
Mobile Shields 86
Personnel Dosimeters 86
PPE FOR RADIOLOGICAL DISPERSAL DEVICE (RDD) OR "DIRTY BOMB" 86
REGULATORY STANDARDS 87
TABLE 9 OSHA/EPA PROTECTION LEVEL CLASSIFICATION 88
LIMITATIONS OF PPE 88
ANALYSIS OF SAMPLE U.S. PATENTS 88
TABLE 10 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY PATENT
HOLDER'S GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION, 2008-2012 (NO.) 90
TABLE 11 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF
TECHNOLOGY, 2008-2012 (NO.) 90
TABLE 12 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY YEAR,
2008-EARLY 2013 (NO.) 90
TABLE 13 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY COMPANY,
2008-EARLY 2013 (NO.) 91
CHAPTER 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING AND PROTECTION BY
TECHNOLOGY 93
OVERVIEW 93
MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING AND PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 94
HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 94
HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 94
GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 94
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 94
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT,
2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 94
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 95
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 95
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 95
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY 96
TABLE 16 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 96
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION 97
TABLE 17 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 97
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION 97
TABLE 18 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION 98
TABLE 19 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 99
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 99
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY TYPE,
2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 99
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 100
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 100
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 100
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY 101
TABLE 22 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 101
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION 101
TABLE 23 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 102
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION 102
TABLE 24 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 102
REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION 103
TABLE 25 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 103
CHAPTER 6 MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD MONITORING AND
PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 105
OVERVIEW 105
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT 105
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 106
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 106
MILITARY/CIVIL DEFENSE APPLICATIONS 107
TABLE 27 MILITARY APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN DETECTION
EQUIPMENT 108
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT IN
MILITARY AND CIVIL DEFENSE APPLICATIONS 109
TABLE 28 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MILITARY AND CIVIL DEFENSE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 110
FIGURE 6 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MILITARY AND CIVIL DEFENSE APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 110
AIRPORT PASSENGER AND CARGO APPLICATIONS 110
TABLE 29 AIRPORT PASSENGER/CARGO APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF
ECBN MONITORING EQUIPMENT 112
EXPLOSIVE DETECTION SYSTEMS IN AIRPORTS 113
Liquid Explosives Screening 113
People Screening Systems 113
Checked Baggage Screening Systems 113
Boarding Gate with Built-in Explosives Detection Equipment 113
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN AIRPORT PASSENGER AND CARGO APPLICATIONS 114
TABLE 30 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN AIRPORT PASSENGER/CARGO APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 114
FIGURE 7 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT IN
AIRPORT PASSENGER/CARGO APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 114
SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS 115
Containerized Cargo for International Transportation 115
Ferries and Cruise Ships 116
Car Carriers 116
Underwater Surveillance of Port Facility 117
Tankers and Gas Carriers 117
TECHNOLOGIES FOR MARITIME SECURITY 117
X-ray, Gamma Ray and Neutron Scanning 118
Biometrics 118
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Tags 118
Underwater Surveillance 119
TABLE 31 SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN
DETECTION EQUIPMENT 119
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS 120
TABLE 32 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 120
FIGURE 8 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 120
TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS 121
TABLE 33 TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF
ECBN DETECTION EQUIPMENT 122
REGIONAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT IN
TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS 122
TABLE 34 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 122
FIGURE 9 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 123
CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS 123
TABLE 35 CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN
MONITORING EQUIPMENT 125
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS 126
TABLE 36 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 126
FIGURE 10 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
USED IN CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 126
INTERNATIONAL BORDER APPLICATIONS 127
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN BORDER APPLICATIONS 127
TABLE 37 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN INTERNATIONAL BORDER APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 128
FIGURE 11 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
USED IN BORDER APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 128
OTHER MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS 129
Law Enforcement Agencies 129
Emergency Response Teams 129
VIP Security 129
TABLE 38 LAW ENFORCEMENT/EMERGENCY RESPONDER APPLICATIONS OF
VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN MONITORING EQUIPMENT 130
HOSPITALS 130
Biological Hazards 130
Chemical Hazards 130
Radiation Hazards 131
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS 131
TABLE 39 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 131
FIGURE 12 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
USED IN MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 131
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION
EQUIPMENT 132
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 133
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION TYPE, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 133
CHAPTER 7 MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 135
OVERVIEW 135
EXPLOSIVE HAZARD DETECTION 135
EXPLOSION HAZARD DETECTION BY APPLICATIONS 136
Routine Screening of Large Numbers of Personnel 136
Screening of Large Numbers of Vehicles 136
Screening of Large Numbers of Hand-Carried Items 136
Screening of Mailed and Shipped Items 136
Screening of Small Numbers of People, Vehicles or Mailed/Shipped
Items 136
Bomb Search 137
Special Situations or Events 137
Protection of Special Infrastructure 137
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT 137
TABLE 41 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 137
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY APPLICATION TYPE, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 138
EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING TECHNOLOGIES 138
BULK DETECTION TECHNOLOGY: IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES 139
TRACE DETECTION TECHNOLOGY 139
NUCLEAR-BASED TECHNOLOGIES 139
GLOBAL MARKET FOR EQUIPMENT FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING BY
TECHNOLOGY 139
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 140
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY TECHNOLOGY, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 140
EQUIPMENT FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING AND DETECTION 141
EXPLOSIVE TRACE DETECTORS/KITS 141
HANDHELD/PORTABLE EXPLOSIVES DETECTION SYSTEM 141
DESKTOP/BENCH-TOP EXPLOSIVE DETECTION SYSTEMS 142
WALKTHROUGH EXPLOSIVES DETECTORS/PORTALS 142
OTHER TYPES OF EXPLOSIVE HAZARD DETECTION SYSTEMS 142
Vehicle Scanners 142
Parcel/Postal X-ray Scanners 142
In-flight Explosives Detection Kit 143
Bulk Screening Kit for All Nitrate-Based Explosives 143
Detection of Explosive Precursors 143
GLOBAL MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 143
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 144
FIGURE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY TYPE, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 144
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 145
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 145
FIGURE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY REGION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 145
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY 146
TABLE 45 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 146
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION 146
TABLE 46 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 147
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION 147
TABLE 47 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 147
REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION 148
TABLE 48 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 148
CHAPTER 8 MARKET FOR ECBN DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 150
OVERVIEW 150GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY 150
TABLE 49 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 151
FIGURE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT BY
TECHNOLOGY, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 151
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT 151
PURPOSES OF DECONTAMINATION 152
Personnel Decontamination 152
Equipment Decontamination 152
Infrastructure Decontamination 152
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT 152
TABLE 50 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD
DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 153
FIGURE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD
DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 153
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT BASED ON USAGE 153
TABLE 51 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD
DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 154
FIGURE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD
DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 154
ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 155
DECONTAMINATION KITS 155
MOBILE DECONTAMINATION SYSTEMS 155
DECONTAMINATION SHELTERS 156
DECONTAMINATION SHOWERS 156
DECONTAMINATION ACCESSORIES 156
Decontaminants 156
Delivery Systems 157
Liquid and Foam Delivery Systems 157
Reactive Gases Delivery Systems 157
GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 158
TABLE 52 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 158
FIGURE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT,
2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 158
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 159
TABLE 53 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 159
FIGURE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT
BY REGION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 159
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT 160
TABLE 54 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 160
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 160
TABLE 80 MANUFACTURERS OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) 161
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 166
TABLE 56 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 167
REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT 167
TABLE 57 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 167
CHAPTER 9 MARKET FOR ECBN PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 169
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 169
GLOBAL MARKET FOR PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 169
TABLE 58 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE APPLICATIONS BY TYPE OF HAZARD,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 170
FIGURE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE APPLICATIONS BY TYPE OF HAZARD,
2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 170
GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE APPLICATIONS USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS 170
TABLE 59 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE APPLICATIONS USED TO PROTECT AGAINST
ECBN HAZARDS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 171
FIGURE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE APPLICATIONS USED TO PROTECT AGAINST
ECBN HAZARDS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 171
PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS 172
RESPIRATORS 172
Types 172
Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus 173
Supplied-Air Respirator 173
Air-Purifying Respirator 173
Powered Air-Purifying Respirators 173
Disposable Air-Purifying Respirators 173
Chemical Cartridge or Canister Air-Purifying Respirators 173
High-Efficiency Particulate Air Filter 174
Surgical Masks 174
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING 174
Chemical Protective Garments 174
Nuclear Protective Clothing 175
Protective Gloves 175
Chemical Protective Glove Set 175
Protective Footwear 175
Shoe Covers 176
Chemical Protective Footwear Cover (CPFC) 176
Head Protection 176
SKIN PROTECTION 176
EYE PROTECTION 177
Safety Eyewear 178
HEARING PROTECTION 178
STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS FOR PPE IN UNITED STATES 178
OSHA REGULATION 29 CFR 1910.132: PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 178
OSHA REGULATION 29 CFR 1910.134: RESPIRATORY PROTECTION 179
GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS 179
TABLE 60 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 179
FIGURE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS,
2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 180
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS 180
TABLE 61 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS
BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 180
FIGURE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS
BY REGION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 181
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS 181
TABLE 62 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 181
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS 182
TABLE 63 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 182
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS 182
TABLE 64 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 183
REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS 183
TABLE 65 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 183
CHAPTER 10 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS 185
EXPLOSIVE HAZARDS 185
CHEMICAL HAZARDS 185
BIOHAZARDS 186
NUCLEAR HAZARDS 186
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 187
MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS 187
TABLE 66 ACQUISITIONS AND MERGERS WITHIN THE ECBN EQUIPMENT
MANUFACTURING FIELD, JULY 2005 TO APRIL 2013 188
REVENUES OF MAJOR COMPANIES INVOLVED IN ECBN HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT 189
TABLE 67 REVENUES OF MAJOR COMPANIES INVOLVED IN ECBN HAZARD
MONITORING/DECONTAMINATION/PPE, 2012 ($ MILLIONS) 190
CHAPTER 11 PROFILES OF MANUFACTURERS OF ECBN HAZARD MONITORING,
DECONTAMINATION AND PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 192
20/20 BIORESPONSE 192
AIGIS BLAST PROTECTION LTD. 192
AIRBOSS DEFENSE 193
AIRSENSE ANALYTICS GMBH 194
ALAMEDA APPLIED SCIENCES CORP. 194
ALLEN-VANGUARD CORP. 195
ALPINE ARMORING INC. 196
AMERICAN INNOVATIONS INC. 197
ANACHEMIA CANADA INC. 198
ANJALI INC. 199
AOYADI ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT CO. LTD. 200
ARGON ELECTRONICS LLP 200
ARROW-TECH INC. 201
AUTOCLEAR 201
AVON PROTECTION SYSTEMS INC. 202
BERKELEY NUCLEONICS CORP. 202
BERTIN TECHNOLOGIES 203
BIOFIRE DIAGNOSTICS 204
BLUCHER GMBH 205
BRUKER DALTONIK GMBH 205
CANBERRA INDUSTRIES 207
CEIA (COSTRUZIONI ELETTRONICHE INDUSTRIALI AUTOMATISMI) 207
CFD RESEARCH CORP. 208
CHARCOAL CLOTH INTL. 209
COBHAM PLC 209
CRISTANINI SPA 210
CYBIT POSITIONING SOLUTIONS 211
DELTA R DETECTION 212
DRAGERWERK AG and CO. KGAA 213
D-TECT SYSTEMS 214
DUPONT INDUSTRIAL BIOSCIENCES 214
DANISCO U.S. INC. (GENENCOR DIVISION) 215
DYCOR TECHNOLOGIES 216
EIC LABORATORIES INC. 216
EMERGENT BIOSOLUTIONS INC. 217
ENVIRONICS OY 218
EVOGEN INC. 218
FLIR SYSTEMS INC. 219
FLIR SYSTEMS INC. 220
GARRETT METAL DETECTORS 222
GENERAL DYNAMICS ARMAMENT AND TECHNICAL PRODUCTS 222
HAZCHEM LLC 223
HOTZONE SOLUTIONS 224
IMPLANT SCIENCES CORP. 224
INFICON HOLDINGS AG 225
INNOVATIVE BIOSENSORS INC. 225
INTELAGARD 226
JMAR TECHNOLOGIES INC. 227
JandS FRANKLIN LTD. 227
KARCHER FUTURETECH GMBH 228
L-3 COMMUNICATIONS 229
MARKES INTL. LTD. 229
MIFRAM LTD. 230
MIRION TECHNOLOGIES 231
MISTRAL SECURITY INC. 232
MORPHIX TECHNOLOGIES 233
MORPHO 234
MORPHO DETECTION 236
MSA THE SAFETY CO. 237
NANOSCALE MATERIALS INC. 237
NBC-SYS 239
NET SAFETY MONITORING INC. 240
NORTHROP GRUMMAN REMOTEC INC. 240
OPTIMETRICS INC. 241
ORTEC INC. 242
OWR AG 243
PAUL BOYE TECHNOLOGIES 244
PHARMATHENE INC. 244
PHYSICAL SCIENCES INC. 245
PRIME PHOTONICS INC. 246
PROENGIN 246
QINETIQ GROUP PLC 247
QINETIQ NORTH AMERICA 248
RADECO INC. 248
RAE SYSTEMS INC. 250
RAPISCAN SYSTEMS 251
REDXDEFENSE 251
REMPLOY FRONTLINE 252
RSDECON 253
SAIC (SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTL. CORP.) 253
SCIENCE and ENGINEERING ASSOC. INC. 254
SCINTREX TRACE CORP. 255
SCOTT SAFETY 255
SMARTSENSORS LTD. 256
SMITHS DETECTION 256
SODERN 257
SPECTRAL SCIENCES INC. 258
SPECTRUM TECHNIQUES 259
THERMO FISHER SCIENTIFIC 259
TNO COMPANIES BV 260
TRADEWAYS LTD. 261
ULTRA ELECTRONICS 262
UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORP. 262
UNIVAL GROUP GMBH 263
UNIVERSAL DETECTION TECHNOLOGY 263
VERITIDE LTD. 264
WB JOHNSON INSTRUMENTS LLC 265
ZEPHYR TECHNOLOGY 266
ZISTOS CORP. 266
CHAPTER 12 APPENDIX A: PATENTS 269
TABLE 68 LIST OF PATENTS RELATED TO ECBN HAZARDS 269
CHAPTER 13 APPENDIX B: DIRECTORY OF COMPANIES AND PRODUCT OFFERINGS 283
TABLE 69 MANUFACTURERS OF EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 283
TABLE 70 SERVICE PROVIDERS OF EXPLOSIVES DETECTION CANINES 294
TABLE 71 MANUFACTURERS OF VEHICLE DETECTION SYSTEMS 294
TABLE 72 MANUFACTURERS OF CHEMICAL HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 297
TABLE 73 MANUFACTURERS OF BIOHAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 307
TABLE 74 MANUFACTURERS OF NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT 314
TABLE 75 MANUFACTURERS OF PERSONAL DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 320
TABLE 76 MANUFACTURERS OF EQUIPMENT FOR INFRASTRUCTURE AND
EQUIPMENT DECONTAMINATION 325
TABLE 77 MANUFACTURERS OF BLAST RESISTANT ARMORED VEHICLES 330
TABLE 78 MANUFACTURERS OF BLAST RESISTANT CONTAINERS 331
TABLE 79 MANUFACTURERS OF BLAST MITIGATION DEVICES 332
TABLE 80 MANUFACTURERS OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) 333
TABLE 81 MANUFACTURERS OF RESPIRATORS/BREATHING APPARATUS 339
TABLE 82 MANUFACTURERS OF HEARING PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 341
TABLE 83 MANUFACTURERS OF HEAD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 342
TABLE 84 MANUFACTURERS OF EYE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 344

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE A CLASSIFICATION OF CAUSES OF HAZARDS AND THE MEANS TO AVOID OR
MINIMIZE THEMTABLE 82 MANUFACTURERS OF HEARING PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 341
TABLE 83 MANUFACTURERS OF HEAD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 342
TABLE 84 MANUFACTURERS OF EYE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 344

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE A CLASSIFICATION OF CAUSES OF HAZARDS AND THE MEANS TO AVOID OR
MINIMIZE THEM 3
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING,
DECONTAMINATION AND PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($
BILLIONS) 8
TABLE 1 U.N. HAZARD CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM 20
TABLE 2 EXPLOSIVE DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES 28
TABLE 3 CATEGORIES OF CHEMICAL HAZARDS 34
TABLE 4 CHEMICAL AGENTS AND THEIR PROPERTIES 36
TABLE 5 TYPICAL BIOLOGICAL AGENTS 47
TABLE 6 CDC CLASSIFICATION OF LEVELS OF BIOHAZARDS 48
TABLE 7 CDC CLASSIFICATION OF BIOSAFETY LEVELS 49
TABLE 8 TYPICAL RADIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR TERRORIST DEVICES 59
TABLE 9 OSHA/EPA PROTECTION LEVEL CLASSIFICATION 88
TABLE 10 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY PATENT
HOLDER'S GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION, 2008-2012 (NO.) 90
TABLE 11 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF
TECHNOLOGY, 2008-2012 (NO.) 90
TABLE 12 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY YEAR,
2008-EARLY 2013 (NO.) 90
TABLE 13 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY COMPANY,
2008-EARLY 2013 (NO.) 91
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 94
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 95
TABLE 16 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 96
TABLE 17 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 18 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 19 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 99
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 100
TABLE 22 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 101
TABLE 23 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 102
TABLE 24 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 102
TABLE 25 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 103
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 106
TABLE 27 MILITARY APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN DETECTION
EQUIPMENT 108
TABLE 28 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MILITARY AND CIVIL DEFENSE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 29 AIRPORT PASSENGER/CARGO APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN
MONITORING EQUIPMENT 112
TABLE 30 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN AIRPORT PASSENGER/CARGO APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 114
TABLE 31 SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN
DETECTION EQUIPMENT 119
TABLE 32 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 120
TABLE 33 TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF
ECBN DETECTION EQUIPMENT 122
TABLE 34 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 122
TABLE 35 CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN
MONITORING EQUIPMENT 125
TABLE 36 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 126
TABLE 37 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN INTERNATIONAL BORDER APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 128
TABLE 38 LAW ENFORCEMENT/EMERGENCY RESPONDER APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS
TYPES OF ECBN MONITORING EQUIPMENT 130
TABLE 39 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MISC

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