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  5. > Surveillance and Monitoring of Explosive, Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Hazards - Focus on Nuclear Hazards

This report concentrates on the global and regional markets for technologies involved in the manufacture of different types of nuclear hazard monitoring equipment and their application markets.

This report provides:

- An overview of the global market for the surveillance and monitoring of explosive, chemical, biological, and nuclear hazards; the focus of this study is on nuclear hazards
- Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2014, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2019
- Discussion of how hazards due to industrial accidents, nuclear plant accidents, or accidental releases of biological agents from a laboratory can be prevented or minimized if precautionary measures are set up in advance and necessary equipment and trained personnel are available to respond
- A breakdown of the global and regional markets for technologies involved in the manufacture of different types of ECBN hazard monitoring equipment and the markets for applications in which such monitoring equipment will be utilized, as well as the basic technologies involved in the manufacture of such equipment
- Information concerning various patents on the technologies and monitoring equipment, along with a patent analysis
- Comprehensive company profiles of manufacturers, their market shares, and their research and development (R&D) efforts to cultivate new technologies and equipment for better monitoring of ECBN hazards.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVE

A hazard is a real or potential condition that can cause injury, illness or death to personnel; damage to or loss of equipment or property; or damage to the environment. Hazards can be caused by hostile forces (e.g., terrorists, conventional military force) or accidental release of chemical or biological agents (e.g., natural disaster, accidental release by governmental or commercial sectors). Hazardous material is a substance that due to its explosive, chemical or biological nature causes safety, public health or environmental concerns that require an elevated level of effort to manage. In this report, the hazards that may arise out of explosions, chemical accidents, biological accidents and nuclear incidents are considered. The main objective of this report is to analyze the methods for monitoring these hazards and minimizing the damage they can cause.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

Explosion, chemical, biological and nuclear hazards (ECBN hazards) may be the result of such generally classified actions as:
- Accident.
- Terrorism.
- War or war-like situations.
Hazards due to industrial accident, nuclear plant accident or accidental biological agent release from a laboratory can be prevented or minimized if possible precautionary measures are set up in advance and necessary equipment and trained personnel are available to respond.Hazards created by terrorist groups are difficult to tackle, as the reasons for such actions may be beyond reconciliation through possible negotiations. The only way to face such hazards is to prepare for the possible consequences in advance.Hazards that may occur in cases of war or war-like situations could be tackled by negotiations between the concerned parties or nations, along with possible pressure from other more dominant and powerful countries or the United Nations. In the modern world, such incidents are unlikely to occur and if they do, the consequences may be devastating and all precautions are likely to be ineffective.The possibility of an ECBN hazard due to a war is not discussed in this report. The main objective of this report is to analyze the possible ways to monitor ECBN hazards that can happen because of accidents and terrorist acts using effective monitoring equipment and community preparation, including necessary decontamination and proper personal protective equipment (PPE).

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report is intended to serve as a valuable resource for all personnel involved in the production and marketing of various types of monitoring equipment, for researchers working in the development of new technologies for monitoring various ECBN hazards, for manufacturers of different types of sensors involved in the manufacture of such monitoring equipment and for military strategists and civil defense planners to prepare for eventualities caused by ECBN hazards.

SCOPE OF REPORT

This report concentrates on the global and regional markets for technologies involved in the manufacture of different types of ECBN hazard monitoring equipment and the markets for applications in which such monitoring equipment will be utilized, as well as the basic technologies involved in the manufacture of such equipment. The report also provides profiles of various manufacturers of such monitoring equipment, their market-shares and their research and development (R&D) efforts to cultivate new technologies and equipment for better monitoring of ECBN hazards. The report also provides information concerning different patents on the technologies and monitoring equipment, along with a patent analysis.

INFORMATION SOURCES

Both primary and secondary research methods were used in preparing this report. Primary information sources for this market research include individuals within companies, various research organizations, governmental agencies and trade associations.Secondary research includes extensive literature reviews, such as trade journals, seminar proceedings, patent literature, company literature, published reports and government publications. Additional secondary research sources include databases, trade literature, specialized journals and government statistics.

Table Of Contents

Surveillance and Monitoring of Explosive, Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Hazards - Focus on Nuclear Hazards
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVE 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
TABLE A CLASSIFICATION OF CAUSES OF HAZARDS AND THE MEANS TO AVOID OR
MINIMIZE THEM 3
INTENDED AUDIENCE 4
SCOPE OF REPORT 4
INFORMATION SOURCES 4
ANALYST CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED REPORTS 5
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 5
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING,
DECONTAMINATION AND PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($
BILLIONS) 8
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING,
DECONTAMINATION AND PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, 2012-2019 ($
BILLIONS) 8
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 10
OVERVIEW OF MONITORING OF ECBN HAZARDS 10
CONCEPTS IN THE ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT INDUSTRY 10
IMPORTANCE OF ECBN HAZARD MONITORING INDUSTRY 11
HISTORY OF ECBN HAZARDS 11
LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 13
TECHNOLOGY LIFE CYCLE OF ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 14
FORESEEABLE FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS 14
HISTORY OF REGULATIONS 15
GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS, CONVENTIONS AND PROTOCOLS 15
THE NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION PLAN (NIPP) 15
SAFETY ACT 16
PROJECT SAFE PORT ACT 16
BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS ACT OF 1989 16
CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS CONTROL ACT OF 1991 (CBWCA) 16
ANTI-TERRORISM AND EFFECTIVE DEATH PENALTY ACT OF 1996 16
DEFENSE AGAINST WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION ACT OF 1996 16
LOCAL FIREFIGHTER AND EMERGENCY SERVICES TRAINING ACT OF 1996 16
U.N. REGULATION 17
EUROPEAN PROGRAM FOR CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION
(EPCIP) 17
ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE REPORT 17
CHAPTER 4 TECHNOLOGY 20
OVERVIEW 20
HAZARD CLASSIFICATION 20
TABLE 1 U.N. HAZARD CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM 20
EXPLOSIVE HAZARDS 21
OVERVIEW OF EXPLOSIVES 21
CLASSIFICATION OF EXPLOSIVES 23
PRIMARY EXPLOSIVES 23
SECONDARY EXPLOSIVES 23
TYPES OF EXPLOSIONS 23
CAUSES OF EXPLOSIONS 23
IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICES 24
EFFECTS OF EXPLOSIONS 24
EXPLOSION PROTECTION SYSTEMS 25
EXPLOSION MONITORING EQUIPMENT 25
EXPLOSIVE DETECTION SYSTEMS 26
EXPLOSIVE DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES 27
Canine Detection 27
TABLE 2 EXPLOSIVE DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES 28
Trace Detection 29
Main Trace Detection Technologies in Use 29
Ion Mobility Spectrometry (IMS) 29
Chemiluminescence (CL) 29
Amplifying Fluorescent Polymers (AFPs) 29
Energetic Materials Detection (EMD) 29
Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) 29
Bulk Detection 30
Main Bulk Detection Technologies in Use 30
X-ray 30
Computed Tomography (CT) 30
Multi-view and Multi-energy Generator X-rays 30
Backscatter X-ray 30
Millimeter Wave Imaging and THZ Spectroscopy 30
NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN EXPLOSIVE DETECTION 30
TECHNOLOGIES FOR DETECTION OF LIQUID EXPLOSIVES 31
CHEMICAL HAZARDS 31
PHYSICAL HAZARD 32
HEALTH HAZARD 32
CHEMICAL HAZARDS IN FOOD 33
TABLE 3 CATEGORIES OF CHEMICAL HAZARDS 34
HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINTS (HACCP) 34
CHEMICAL AGENTS (CA) 35
Types of Chemical Agents 35
TABLE 4 CHEMICAL AGENTS AND THEIR PROPERTIES 36
CHEMICAL HAZARDS SURVEILLANCE 37
Engineering Controls 37
Administrative Controls 37
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 38
CHEMICAL HAZARDS MONITORING 38
Routine and Ad Hoc Monitoring 38
Continuous Area Monitoring 39
Routine and Ad Hoc Personal Monitoring 39
Continuous Personal Monitoring 39
CHEMICAL AGENT DETECTION 39
Chemical Agent Detection Technologies and Equipment 40
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) 40
Fourier Transform IR Spectroscopy (FTIR) 40
Chemical Detection Paper 41
Chemical Agent Detection Kit 41
Colorimetric Tubes 42
Ion Mobility Spectroscopy (IMS) 42
Infrared Radiation Detection Techniques 43
Photo-acoustic IR Spectroscopy 43
Filter-Based IR Spectroscopy 43
Differential Absorption Light Detection and Ranging 43
Passive IR Detection 44
Surface Acoustic Wave Detection (SAW) 44
Other Detection Technologies 44
Photo-ionization Detection 44
Flame Photometry 44
Miniature Automatic Continuous Agent Monitoring System 45
Electrochemistry 45
Carbon Nanotube Gas Ionization Sensors 45
BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS 45
BIOLOGICAL AGENTS (BA) 45
Bacterial Agents 45
Viral Agents 46
Biological Toxins 46
TABLE 5 TYPICAL BIOLOGICAL AGENTS 47
LEVELS OF BIOHAZARDS 47
TABLE 6 CDC CLASSIFICATION OF LEVELS OF BIOHAZARDS 48
Biosafety Level 48
TABLE 7 CDC CLASSIFICATION OF BIOSAFETY LEVELS 49
ROUTES OF ENTRY AND TRANSMISSION 49
Direct Transmission of Infectious Agents 50
Indirect Transmission of Infectious Agents 50
HEALTH EFFECTS 50
Diseases Caused by Infectious Agents 50
Diseases Caused by Other Biological Agents 50
CLASSIFICATION OF BIOHAZARDS 51
CONTROL OF BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS 51
Biosecurity 51
Safe Work Procedures and Training 52
Biodetection 52
Biodetection Systems 52
BIOLOGICAL DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES 53
Electronic Nose 53
Immunoassay 53
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) 53
Fluorescence Particle Detection 54
DNA Microarray 54
Biosensor 54
MALDI Mass Spectrometry 55
Acoustic Wave Sensors 55
Autonomous Detection System (ADS) 56
Photonic Detection System for Biohazards and Biodefense 56
Nanotech Wipes for Biohazard Detection 57
NUCLEAR HAZARDS 57
HAZARDS OF NUCLEAR TERRORISM 58
TABLE 8 TYPICAL RADIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR TERRORIST DEVICES 59
HAZARDS OF NUCLEAR POWER REACTORS 59
Risks Associated with Old Designs 59
Risks Associated with New Designs 60
Aging of Operational Reactors 60
Terrorist Threat to Nuclear Power Plants 60
Risks Associated with Reprocessing Plants and Spent Fuel Storage
Areas 60
Routine Emissions from the Nuclear Industry 60
Reactor Accidents 60
HAZARDS OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE 61
High-Level Waste 61
Radon Problems 61
TYPES OF RADIATION 61
Alpha Particles 61
Beta Particles 62
Gamma Rays 62
Neutron Particles 62
Radionuclides 62
Background Radiation 63
PATHWAYS OF EXPOSURE 63
Direct (External) Exposure 63
Internal Exposure 63
RADIATION MONITORING SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT 64
Stationary Measuring Systems for External Radiation 64
Stationary and Portable Measuring Systems for Air Activity
Concentration 64
Portable Radiation Measuring Equipment 65
RADIATION DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES 65
Flame Photometry 65
Ion Mobility Spectroscopy (IMS) 66
Gamma-Ray Technologies 66
Microchannel Plate Technologies (MCPS) 67
Fissile-Material Detection Using Nuclear Acoustic Resonance 67
Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) 67
NEW TECHNOLOGIES FOR ECBN DETECTION 67
NEW SENSING TECHNOLOGIES 68
Nanosensors 68
Nanotube-Based Sensors 69
Nanoscaled Thin-Film Sensors 69
Quantum Dots 70
Terahertz Technologies 70
Electron Beam Technology 71
Terahertz Spectroscopy 71
Millimeter-wave Inspection 71
NUCLEAR DETECTION 72
OTHER TECHNOLOGIES 73
ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION 73
LEVELS OF DECONTAMINATION 74
Immediate Decontamination 74
Operational Decontamination 74
Thorough Decontamination 74
Clearance Decontamination 74
ADDITIONAL DECONTAMINATION CONSIDERATIONS 75Patient Decontamination 75
Sensitive Equipment Decontamination 75
Aircraft Decontamination 75
Sealift Decontamination 76
Fixed Site Decontamination 76
Cargo Decontamination 76
Terrain Decontamination 76
Decontamination for Biological Agents 76
DECONTAMINATION PROCESS 77
Physical Process 77
Simple Inert Sorbent 77
Solvent Wash 77
High-Pressure System 77
Chemical Process 78
Reactive Sorbent 78
Catalytic Sorbent 78
Thermal Process 79
EMERGING DECONTAMINATION TECHNOLOGIES 79
Electrostatic Decontamination 79
Atmospheric Pressure Plasmas 79
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) 80
PPE FOR VARIOUS HAZARDS 81
PPE for Nerve Agents 81
PPE for Blister Agents 82
PPE for Biohazards 82
Protective Measures 83
Masks 83
Respirators 83
Protective Clothing 83
Medical Protection 84
Antibiotics 84
Vaccinations 84
PPE FOR RADIATION/NUCLEAR HAZARDS 84
Lead Aprons 85
Protective Eyewear 85
Lead Gloves 86
Thyroid Shields 86
Mobile Shields 86
Personnel Dosimeters 86
PPE FOR RADIOLOGICAL DISPERSAL DEVICE (RDD) OR "DIRTY BOMB" 86
REGULATORY STANDARDS 87
TABLE 9 OSHA/EPA PROTECTION LEVEL CLASSIFICATION 88
LIMITATIONS OF PPE 88
ANALYSIS OF SAMPLE U.S. PATENTS 88
TABLE 10 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY PATENT
HOLDER'S GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION, 2008-2012 (NO.) 90
TABLE 11 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF
TECHNOLOGY, 2008-2012 (NO.) 90
TABLE 12 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY YEAR,
2008-EARLY 2013 (NO.) 90
TABLE 13 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY COMPANY,
2008-EARLY 2013 (NO.) 91
CHAPTER 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING AND PROTECTION BY
TECHNOLOGY 93
OVERVIEW 93
MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING AND PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 94
HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 94
HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 94
GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 94
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 94
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT,
2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 94
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 95
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 95
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 95
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY 96
TABLE 16 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 96
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION 97
TABLE 17 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 97
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION 97
TABLE 18 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION 98
TABLE 19 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 99
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 99
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY TYPE,
2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 99
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 100
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 100
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 100
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY 101
TABLE 22 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 101
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION 101
TABLE 23 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 102
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION 102
TABLE 24 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 102
REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION 103
TABLE 25 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 103
CHAPTER 6 MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD MONITORING AND
PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 105
OVERVIEW 105
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT 105
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 106
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 106
MILITARY/CIVIL DEFENSE APPLICATIONS 107
TABLE 27 MILITARY APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN DETECTION
EQUIPMENT 108
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT IN
MILITARY AND CIVIL DEFENSE APPLICATIONS 109
TABLE 28 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MILITARY AND CIVIL DEFENSE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 110
FIGURE 6 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MILITARY AND CIVIL DEFENSE APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 110
AIRPORT PASSENGER AND CARGO APPLICATIONS 110
TABLE 29 AIRPORT PASSENGER/CARGO APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF
ECBN MONITORING EQUIPMENT 112
EXPLOSIVE DETECTION SYSTEMS IN AIRPORTS 113
Liquid Explosives Screening 113
People Screening Systems 113
Checked Baggage Screening Systems 113
Boarding Gate with Built-in Explosives Detection Equipment 113
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN AIRPORT PASSENGER AND CARGO APPLICATIONS 114
TABLE 30 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN AIRPORT PASSENGER/CARGO APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 114
FIGURE 7 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT IN
AIRPORT PASSENGER/CARGO APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 114
SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS 115
Containerized Cargo for International Transportation 115
Ferries and Cruise Ships 116
Car Carriers 116
Underwater Surveillance of Port Facility 117
Tankers and Gas Carriers 117
TECHNOLOGIES FOR MARITIME SECURITY 117
X-ray, Gamma Ray and Neutron Scanning 118
Biometrics 118
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Tags 118
Underwater Surveillance 119
TABLE 31 SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN
DETECTION EQUIPMENT 119
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS 120
TABLE 32 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 120
FIGURE 8 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 120
TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS 121
TABLE 33 TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF
ECBN DETECTION EQUIPMENT 122
REGIONAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT IN
TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS 122
TABLE 34 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 122
FIGURE 9 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 123
CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS 123
TABLE 35 CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN
MONITORING EQUIPMENT 125
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS 126
TABLE 36 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 126
FIGURE 10 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
USED IN CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 126
INTERNATIONAL BORDER APPLICATIONS 127
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN BORDER APPLICATIONS 127
TABLE 37 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN INTERNATIONAL BORDER APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 128
FIGURE 11 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
USED IN BORDER APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 128
OTHER MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS 129
Law Enforcement Agencies 129
Emergency Response Teams 129
VIP Security 129
TABLE 38 LAW ENFORCEMENT/EMERGENCY RESPONDER APPLICATIONS OF
VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN MONITORING EQUIPMENT 130
HOSPITALS 130
Biological Hazards 130
Chemical Hazards 130
Radiation Hazards 131
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS 131
TABLE 39 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 131
FIGURE 12 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
USED IN MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 131
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION
EQUIPMENT 132
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 133
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION TYPE, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 133
CHAPTER 7 MARKET FOR RADIATION/NUCLEAR HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 135
OVERVIEW 135
RADIATION HAZARDS 135
NUCLEAR HAZARDS 136
NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS 136
TABLE 41 NUCLEAR GENERATORS: EXISTING/PROPOSED URANIUM REQUIREMENTS 137
RADIOLOGICAL DISPERSAL DEVICE (RDD) 137
IMPROVISED NUCLEAR DEVICE (IND) 138
NUCLEAR WEAPON 138
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF RADIATION/NUCLEAR HAZARD
MONITORING EQUIPMENT 138
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF RADIATION/NUCLEAR HAZARD
MONITORING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 139
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF RADIATION/NUCLEAR HAZARD
MONITORING EQUIPMENT, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 139
GLOBAL MARKET FOR NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING BY
TECHNOLOGY 140
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NUCLEAR AND RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 140
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NUCLEAR AND RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 140
EQUIPMENT FOR RADIATION/NUCLEAR HAZARD DETECTION 141
DOSIMETER 141
IONIZATION CHAMBER 142
PROPORTIONAL COUNTER 142
GEIGER-MUELLER (GM) DETECTOR 143
Types 143
Advantages of Using GM Detectors 143
SCINTILLATION DETECTORS 144
MISCELLANEOUS RADIATION/NUCLEAR DETECTORS 144
Neutron Detectors 144
Solid-State Detectors 144
Radiation Survey Meters 144
Handheld Gamma-Ray Spectrometer 145
Diamond Radiation Detectors 145
Environment Radiation Monitors 145
Surface Contamination Monitors 145
GLOBAL MARKET FOR NUCLEAR AND RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT 145
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NUCLEAR AND RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 146
FIGURE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NUCLEAR AND RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY TYPE, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 146
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT 147TABLE 45 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NUCLEAR AND RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 147
FIGURE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NUCLEAR AND RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY REGION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 148
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD
MONITORING EQUIPMENT 148
TABLE 46 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD
MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 148
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT 149
TABLE 47 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 149
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT 149
TABLE 48 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 150
REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD
MONITORING EQUIPMENT 150
TABLE 49 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD
MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 150
CHAPTER 8 MARKET FOR ECBN DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 152
OVERVIEW 152
GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY 152
TABLE 50 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 153
FIGURE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT BY
TECHNOLOGY, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 153
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT 153
PURPOSES OF DECONTAMINATION 154
Personnel Decontamination 154
Equipment Decontamination 154
Infrastructure Decontamination 154
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT 154
TABLE 51 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD
DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 155
FIGURE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD
DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 155
GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT BASED ON USAGE 155
TABLE 52 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD
DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 156
FIGURE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF ECBN HAZARD
DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 156
ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 157
DECONTAMINATION KITS 157
MOBILE DECONTAMINATION SYSTEMS 157
DECONTAMINATION SHELTERS 158
DECONTAMINATION SHOWERS 158
DECONTAMINATION ACCESSORIES 158
Decontaminants 158
Delivery Systems 159
Liquid and Foam Delivery Systems 159
Reactive Gases Delivery Systems 159
GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 160
TABLE 53 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 160
FIGURE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT,
2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 160
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 161
TABLE 54 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 161
FIGURE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT
BY REGION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 161
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT 162
TABLE 55 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 162
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 162
TABLE 56 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 163
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 163
TABLE 57 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 163
REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT 164
TABLE 58 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD DECONTAMINATION
EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 164
CHAPTER 9 MARKET FOR ECBN PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 166
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 166
GLOBAL MARKET FOR PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 166
TABLE 59 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE APPLICATIONS BY TYPE OF HAZARD,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 167
FIGURE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE APPLICATIONS BY TYPE OF HAZARD,
2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 167
GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE APPLICATIONS USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS 167
TABLE 60 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE APPLICATIONS USED TO PROTECT AGAINST
ECBN HAZARDS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 168
FIGURE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE APPLICATIONS USED TO PROTECT AGAINST
ECBN HAZARDS, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 168
PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS 169
RESPIRATORS 169
Types 169
Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus 170
Supplied-Air Respirator 170
Air-Purifying Respirator 170
Powered Air-Purifying Respirators 170
Disposable Air-Purifying Respirators 170
Chemical Cartridge or Canister Air-Purifying Respirators 170
High-Efficiency Particulate Air Filter 171
Surgical Masks 171
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING 171
Chemical Protective Garments 171
Nuclear Protective Clothing 172
Protective Gloves 172
Chemical Protective Glove Set 172
Protective Footwear 172
Shoe Covers 173
Chemical Protective Footwear Cover (CPFC) 173
Head Protection 173
SKIN PROTECTION 173
EYE PROTECTION 174
Safety Eyewear 175
HEARING PROTECTION 175
STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS FOR PPE IN UNITED STATES 175
OSHA REGULATION 29 CFR 1910.132: PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 175
OSHA REGULATION 29 CFR 1910.134: RESPIRATORY PROTECTION 176
GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS 176
TABLE 61 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 176
FIGURE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS,
2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 177
REGIONAL MARKETS FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS 177
TABLE 62 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS
BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 177
FIGURE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS
BY REGION, 2012-2019 ($ MILLIONS) 178
NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS 178
TABLE 63 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 178
EUROPEAN MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN HAZARDS 179
TABLE 64 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 179
ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS 179
TABLE 65 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 180
REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS 180
TABLE 66 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR PPE USED TO PROTECT AGAINST ECBN
HAZARDS BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 180
CHAPTER 10 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS 182
EXPLOSIVE HAZARDS 182
CHEMICAL HAZARDS 182
BIOHAZARDS 183
NUCLEAR HAZARDS 183
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 184
MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS 184
TABLE 67 ACQUISITIONS AND MERGERS WITHIN THE ECBN EQUIPMENT
MANUFACTURING FIELD, JULY 2005 TO APRIL 2013 185
REVENUES OF MAJOR COMPANIES INVOLVED IN ECBN HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT 186
TABLE 68 REVENUES OF MAJOR COMPANIES INVOLVED IN ECBN HAZARD
MONITORING/DECONTAMINATION/PPE, 2012 ($ MILLIONS) 187
CHAPTER 11 PROFILES OF MANUFACTURERS OF ECBN HAZARD MONITORING,
DECONTAMINATION AND PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 189
20/20 BIORESPONSE 189
AIGIS BLAST PROTECTION LTD. 189
AIRBOSS DEFENSE 190
AIRSENSE ANALYTICS GMBH 191
ALAMEDA APPLIED SCIENCES CORP. 191
ALLEN-VANGUARD CORP. 192
ALPINE ARMORING INC. 193
AMERICAN INNOVATIONS INC. 194
ANACHEMIA CANADA INC. 195
ANJALI INC. 196
AOYADI ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT CO. LTD. 197
ARGON ELECTRONICS LLP 197
ARROW-TECH INC. 198
AUTOCLEAR 198
AVON PROTECTION SYSTEMS INC. 199
BERKELEY NUCLEONICS CORP. 199
BERTIN TECHNOLOGIES 200
BIOFIRE DIAGNOSTICS 201
BLUCHER GMBH 202
BRUKER DALTONIK GMBH 202
CANBERRA INDUSTRIES 204
CEIA (COSTRUZIONI ELETTRONICHE INDUSTRIALI AUTOMATISMI) 204
CFD RESEARCH CORP. 205
CHARCOAL CLOTH INTL. 206
COBHAM PLC 206
CRISTANINI SPA 207
CYBIT POSITIONING SOLUTIONS 208
DELTA R DETECTION 209
DRAGERWERK AG and CO. KGAA 210
D-TECT SYSTEMS 211
DUPONT INDUSTRIAL BIOSCIENCES 211
DANISCO U.S. INC. (GENENCOR DIVISION) 212
DYCOR TECHNOLOGIES 213
EIC LABORATORIES INC. 213
EMERGENT BIOSOLUTIONS INC. 214
ENVIRONICS OY 215
EVOGEN INC. 215
FLIR SYSTEMS INC. 216
FLIR SYSTEMS INC. 217
GARRETT METAL DETECTORS 219
GENERAL DYNAMICS ARMAMENT AND TECHNICAL PRODUCTS 219
HAZCHEM LLC 220
HOTZONE SOLUTIONS 221
IMPLANT SCIENCES CORP. 221
INFICON HOLDINGS AG 222
INNOVATIVE BIOSENSORS INC. 222
INTELAGARD 223
JMAR TECHNOLOGIES INC. 224
JandS FRANKLIN LTD. 224
KARCHER FUTURETECH GMBH 225
L-3 COMMUNICATIONS 226
MARKES INTL. LTD. 226
MIFRAM LTD. 227
MIRION TECHNOLOGIES 228
MISTRAL SECURITY INC. 229
MORPHIX TECHNOLOGIES 230
MORPHO 231
MORPHO DETECTION 233
MSA THE SAFETY CO. 234
NANOSCALE MATERIALS INC. 234
NBC-SYS 236
NET SAFETY MONITORING INC. 237
NORTHROP GRUMMAN REMOTEC INC. 237
OPTIMETRICS INC. 238
ORTEC INC. 239
OWR AG 240
PAUL BOYE TECHNOLOGIES 241
PHARMATHENE INC. 241
PHYSICAL SCIENCES INC. 242
PRIME PHOTONICS INC. 243
PROENGIN 243
QINETIQ GROUP PLC 244
QINETIQ NORTH AMERICA 245
RADECO INC. 245
RAE SYSTEMS INC. 247
RAPISCAN SYSTEMS 248
REDXDEFENSE 248
REMPLOY FRONTLINE 249
RSDECON 250
SAIC (SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTL. CORP.) 250
SCIENCE and ENGINEERING ASSOC. INC. 251
SCINTREX TRACE CORP. 252
SCOTT SAFETY 252
SMARTSENSORS LTD. 253
SMITHS DETECTION 253
SODERN 254SPECTRAL SCIENCES INC. 255
SPECTRUM TECHNIQUES 256
THERMO FISHER SCIENTIFIC 256
TNO COMPANIES BV 257
TRADEWAYS LTD. 258
ULTRA ELECTRONICS 259
UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORP. 259
UNIVAL GROUP GMBH 260
UNIVERSAL DETECTION TECHNOLOGY 260
VERITIDE LTD. 261
WB JOHNSON INSTRUMENTS LLC 262
ZEPHYR TECHNOLOGY 263
ZISTOS CORP. 263
CHAPTER 12 APPENDIX A: PATENTS 266
TABLE 69 LIST OF PATENTS RELATED TO ECBN HAZARDS 266
CHAPTER 13 APPENDIX B: DIRECTORY OF COMPANIES AND PRODUCT OFFERINGS 280
TABLE 70 MANUFACTURERS OF EXPLOSION HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 280
TABLE 71 SERVICE PROVIDERS OF EXPLOSIVES DETECTION CANINES 291
TABLE 72 MANUFACTURERS OF VEHICLE DETECTION SYSTEMS 291
TABLE 73 MANUFACTURERS OF CHEMICAL HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 294
TABLE 74 MANUFACTURERS OF BIOHAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT 304
TABLE 75 MANUFACTURERS OF NUCLEAR/RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT 311
TABLE 76 MANUFACTURERS OF PERSONAL DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT 317
TABLE 77 MANUFACTURERS OF EQUIPMENT FOR INFRASTRUCTURE AND
EQUIPMENT DECONTAMINATION 322
TABLE 78 MANUFACTURERS OF BLAST RESISTANT ARMORED VEHICLES 327
TABLE 79 MANUFACTURERS OF BLAST RESISTANT CONTAINERS 328
TABLE 80 MANUFACTURERS OF BLAST MITIGATION DEVICES 329
TABLE 81 MANUFACTURERS OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) 330
TABLE 82 MANUFACTURERS OF RESPIRATORS/BREATHING APPARATUS 336
TABLE 83 MANUFACTURERS OF HEARING PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 338
TABLE 84 MANUFACTURERS OF HEAD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 339
TABLE 85 MANUFACTURERS OF EYE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT 341

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE A CLASSIFICATION OF CAUSES OF HAZARDS AND THE MEANS TO AVOID OR
MINIMIZE THEM 3
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING,
DECONTAMINATION AND PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($
BILLIONS) 8
TABLE 1 U.N. HAZARD CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM 20
TABLE 2 EXPLOSIVE DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES 28
TABLE 3 CATEGORIES OF CHEMICAL HAZARDS 34
TABLE 4 CHEMICAL AGENTS AND THEIR PROPERTIES 36
TABLE 5 TYPICAL BIOLOGICAL AGENTS 47
TABLE 6 CDC CLASSIFICATION OF LEVELS OF BIOHAZARDS 48
TABLE 7 CDC CLASSIFICATION OF BIOSAFETY LEVELS 49
TABLE 8 TYPICAL RADIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR TERRORIST DEVICES 59
TABLE 9 OSHA/EPA PROTECTION LEVEL CLASSIFICATION 88
TABLE 10 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY PATENT
HOLDER'S GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION, 2008-2012 (NO.) 90
TABLE 11 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY TYPE OF
TECHNOLOGY, 2008-2012 (NO.) 90
TABLE 12 U.S. PATENTS ISSUED FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY YEAR,
2008-EARLY 2013 (NO.) 90
TABLE 13 U.S. PATENTS FOR ECBN HAZARD RELATED EQUIPMENT BY COMPANY,
2008-EARLY 2013 (NO.) 91
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 94
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 95
TABLE 16 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 96
TABLE 17 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 18 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 19 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 98
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 99
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 100
TABLE 22 NORTH AMERICAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 101
TABLE 23 EUROPEAN MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 102
TABLE 24 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 102
TABLE 25 REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
BY COUNTRY/REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 103
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 106
TABLE 27 MILITARY APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN DETECTION
EQUIPMENT 108
TABLE 28 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MILITARY AND CIVIL DEFENSE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 110
TABLE 29 AIRPORT PASSENGER/CARGO APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN
MONITORING EQUIPMENT 112
TABLE 30 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN AIRPORT PASSENGER/CARGO APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 114
TABLE 31 SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN
DETECTION EQUIPMENT 119
TABLE 32 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN SHIPPING AND PORT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 120
TABLE 33 TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF
ECBN DETECTION EQUIPMENT 122
TABLE 34 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN TRANSPORT AND MASS-TRANSIT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 122
TABLE 35 CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ECBN
MONITORING EQUIPMENT 125
TABLE 36 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 126
TABLE 37 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN INTERNATIONAL BORDER APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 128
TABLE 38 LAW ENFORCEMENT/EMERGENCY RESPONDER APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS
TYPES OF ECBN MONITORING EQUIPMENT 130
TABLE 39 REGIONAL MARKETS FOR ECBN HAZARD MONITORING EQUIPMENT USED
IN MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 131
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ECBN HAZARD PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BY
APPLICATION TYPE, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 133
TABLE 41 NUCLEAR GENERATORS: EXISTING/PROPOSED URANIUM REQUIREMENTS 137
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR APPLICATIONS OF RADIATION/NUCLEAR HAZARD
MONITORING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 139
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NUCLEAR AND RADIATION HAZARD MONITORING
EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS) 140
TAB

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