1. Market Research
  2. > Energy & Environment
  3. > Energy Market Trends
  4. > Solar fuels, artificial photosynthesis, hydrogen, fuel cells and the future of clean energy : Technologies, markets, competitors and opportunities - 2013 - 2023 analysis and forecasts

Solar fuels, artificial photosynthesis, hydrogen, fuel cells and the future of clean energy : Technologies, markets, competitors and opportunities - 2013 - 2023 analysis and forecasts

The sun delivers more energy to the earth in one hour than civilization currently uses from fossil fuels, nuclear power and all renewable energy sources combined in a year. This solar energy can be captured and stored directly in the chemical bonds of a material, or fuel, and then used when needed. These chemical fuels, in which energy from the sun has deliberately been stored, are called solar fuels.

For more than 50 years, scientists have pursued the possibility of producing solar fuels in the laboratory. There are three approaches:
• Artificial photosynthesis in which systems made by human beings mimic the natural process;
• Natural photosynthesis; and
• Thermochemical approaches.

Significant progress has been made in producing two very important types of fuels:

• Hydrogen, which can be used as a transport fuel, and is an important feedstock for industry. Hydrogen can be produced by splitting water using sunlight.
• Carbon-based fuels such as methane or carbon monoxide (used with hydrogen as synthesis gas). These are key feedstocks for making a wide range of industrial products including fertilizers,

This report is focuses on hydrogen produced by solar fuels. It provides an in-depth look at:

• Solar fuel technologies including photovoltaic artificial photosynthesis, photoelectrochemical, photobiological and concentrated solar thermal.
• Hydrogen as a fuel and energy carrier and its production by steam reforming and renewable technologies.
• Hydrogen, the future of clean energy, and the need for huge amounts of power in the 21st century.
• Fuel cell technologies, which use hydrogen to electrochemically convert chemical energy into electrical energy.
• Current and forecasted demand for hydrogen and fuel cells.
• Market drivers, applications and economics.
• Key strategic issues.
• Major opportunities.
• Competitive landscape.
• Leading industry players and researchers.

Additionally, profiles of 10 major hydrogen and fuel cell companies in addition to 20 leading research organization are given. The report also includes 74 figures and 40 tables.

Table Of Contents

Solar fuels, artificial photosynthesis, hydrogen, fuel cells and the future of clean energy : Technologies, markets, competitors and opportunities - 2013 - 2023 analysis and forecasts
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
INTRODUCTION
Background
Methodology and Sources
Statistical Notes
SOLAR FUELS
- What Are Solar Fuels
- How Would Solar Fuels Change Future Energy Options
- Storing And Transporting Solar Energy
- Renewable Liquid Fuels For Transport
- Renewable Fuels For Established Industries
- Solar Fuels And Hydrogen Transport
- Fertilizers
- Pharmaceuticals
- Plastics
- Synthetic Fuels
- Scientific Breakthroughs
- Hydrogen As A Future Fuel And Energy Carrier
- Estimated Potential Of Direct Capture Of Solar Energy
- Cost Of Oil Dependence
- Solar Hydrogen Production Systems
- PV Hydrogen Production Via Electrolysis
- Higher-Pressure Operations
- Improved Electrolyzer
- Photoelectrochemical Systems (PEC)
- PEC Types
- Solar Photobiological Hydrogen Production
- Solar-Driven Biomass Gasification
- Solar Thermochemical Cycles
- Solar Thermal Hydrogen Production Via Electricity Generation and Electrolysis
- Economics
- Outlook
- Existing Artificial Photosynthesis Projects
- Governance Challenges
- Leading Research Organizations
HYDROGEN
- Properties
- Hydrogen Is Different
- Conversion Factors
- Phases
- Covalent and Organic Compounds
- Isotopes
- Natural Occurrence
- Methods of Production
- Current Production Methods
- Steam Reforming
- Steam Reforming And Co-generation
- Partial Oxidation
- Plasma Reforming
- Coal
- Electrolysis of Water
- High-Pressure Electrolysis
- High-Temperature Electrolysis
- High-Temperature Electrolysis
- Photobiological Water Splitting
- Sulfur-Iodine Cycle
- Fermentative Hydrogen Production
- Enzymatic Hydrogen Generation
- Biocatalysed Electrolysis
- Renewable Hydrogen
- Hydrogen Financials Vs. Natural Gas Price
- Simple And Complex Refineries
- Applications
- Petroleum
- Other Applications: Chemical, Plastics, Energy Carrier, Automotive and Transportation, Coolant, Semiconductors, Instruments, Detectors, Food, Glass, Laboratories and Analysis, Heat Treatment, Nuclear, Space and Aeronautics, Airships
- Safety and Precautions
- US Department of Energy's Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program
- Hydrogen Production Program
- Hydrogen Production Cost Status
- Hydrogen Delivery
- Hydrogen Storage Program
- Fuel Cells Program
- Basic Research
- American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Projects
HYDROGEN AND THE FUTURE OF CLEAN ENERGY
- Historical World Energy Production
- Future World Population
- Future World Electric Energy Requirements
- Huge Growth In Energy Demand Forecast
- Specific Energy In Appropriate Technology
- Specific Energy of Available Fuels
- Reduction In The Use Of Petroleum Fuels
- Inappropriate Technology: Natural Gas To Generate Electricity
- Inappropriate Technology: Natural Gas To Produce Hydrogen
- Appropriate Technology: Nuclear Production of Hydrogen
- Appropriate Technology: Solar Radiation
- Appropriate Mixture Of Energy Resources
- Scale Of The Energy Problem
- Power Requirements Needed
- Carbon-Free Energy Sources
- Nuclear
- Carbon Sequestration
- Renewables
- Solar Energy Potential
- Cost/Efficiency Of Photovoltaic Technology
- Solar Energy Conversion Strategies
- Hydrogen Economy: Original Vision
- Impact Of Battery Technology Developments
- Impact Of Biofuels Developments
- Impact Of Electric Storage Technology Advances
- Modifications To The Original HE Vision
- HyWays Roadmap
- Other Studies
- National Hydrogen Association Report
- HE Opponents
- Re-Envisioning HE
- Key Differences
- Hierarchy Of Sustainable Hydrogen Centers
- Hydrogen And Electricity As Energy Vectors
- Resource Constraints
- WWS Power
- No Reliance On Nuclear Power
- Coal-Fired Power And CCS Not Necessary
- Hydrogen And Battery Storage In Transport
- BEVs and HFCVs

View This Report »

Get Industry Insights. Simply.

  • Latest reports & slideshows with insights from top research analysts
  • 24 Million searchable statistics with tables, figures & datasets
  • More than 10,000 trusted sources
24/7 Customer Support

Talk to Veronica

+1 718 514 2762

Purchase Reports From Reputable Market Research Publishers
Energy Management System Market by Software, Device, Application, Solution, Vertical - Global Forecast to 2021

Energy Management System Market by Software, Device, Application, Solution, Vertical - Global Forecast to 2021

  • $ 7150
  • Industry report
  • August 2016
  • by MarketsandMarkets

“Mandatory regulations and policies for energy management and government’s initiatives for digitation of energy infrastructure across the globe are some of the factors expected to drive the Energy ...

Renewable Energy and Energy-Efficient Technologies in Building Applications

Renewable Energy and Energy-Efficient Technologies in Building Applications

  • $ 6650
  • Industry report
  • September 2016
  • by BCC Research

Use this report to: - Examine the renewable energy and energy-efficient technologies used in building applications and assess their emissions reduction potential. - Assess global markets for various ...

Turbocompressor Market by Type, Application, Stage, Output Pressure, and by Region - Global Trends & Forecasts to 2021

Turbocompressor Market by Type, Application, Stage, Output Pressure, and by Region - Global Trends & Forecasts to 2021

  • $ 5650
  • Industry report
  • August 2016
  • by MarketsandMarkets

The turbocompressors market is projected to reach USD 15.81 billion by 2021, growing at a CAGR of 5.4% from 2016 to 2021. Factors such as the rapid growth of the manufacturing sector in South Asian countries ...


ref:plp2013

Reportlinker.com © Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.

ReportLinker simplifies how Analysts and Decision Makers get industry data for their business.