Table of Contents
Rapid Economic Growth Drives Angola’s Infrastructure Development
This research service tracks infrastructure development in Angola. The research service forms part of the infrastructure tracker studies across the African continent. Angola's infrastructure has endured years of neglect and destruction and is in urgent need of refurbishment. The civil war between 1975 and 2002 had a severe impact on the overall quality of the country's infrastructure. The study establishes some of the infrastructure backlogs in the country, as well as some of the initiatives being undertaken to address these infrastructure backlogs. The research service also provides analysis of the current sources of funding in the country and the expected future trends of infrastructure development in Angola.
• Angola is a country located in the southern African region with a population of approximately X million.
• It is the second-largest producer of oil in Africa after Nigeria, producing more than X million barrels per day.
• In 2011, Angola’s real gross domestic product (GDP) grew by X per cent, a slight increase from the 2010 level ofX per cent.
• However, Angola remains one of the fastest growing economies in Africa, largely driven by rising oil prices and a strong oil sector.
• Between 1975 and 2005, Angola was involved in a X year civil war that destroyed most of the country’s infrastructure.
• Most of the country’s rural areas are currently inaccessible due to the destruction as a result of war.
• Therefore, most of the country’s infrastructures are in need of rehabilitation and reconstruction.
• Angola’s infrastructure sector is mainly characterised by transport, energy and power, telecommunication, water and sanitation, and social infrastructure.
• The transport sector mainly comprises road, rail, ports, and airports infrastructure. Social infrastructure mainly comprises housing, healthcare, and educational institutions.
• Currently, Angola has an extensive road network that links most of the country’s urban centres.
• However, most of these roads are in a poor state due to the country’s civil war.
• Rehabilitation and maintenance of most infrastructures are currently undertaken by the Government of Angola.
• However, lack of adequate funding presents a major challenge for the government in trying to revive its ailing infrastructure.
1. The high economic growth is currently the major driver of infrastructure development in Angola.
2. The prevalence of land mines across most parts of the rural areas are limiting infrastructure development in the country.
3. The Government of Angola mostly finances infrastructure projects.
4. Chinese organisations, such as EXIM Bank, have an active role in financing infrastructure development in Angola.
5. The high cost of undertaking capital projects is the biggest restraint to infrastructure development in Angola.
Key Questions this Study will Answer
• In which sectors is infrastructure development occurring in Angola?
• What factors are driving and restraining the development of infrastructure?
• What is the current state of infrastructure in the country? How will this change in future?
• What kind of projects are taking place currently? What projects are planned for the future?
• How much is being invested in infrastructure development? How are projects financed?
• Which companies are involved in infrastructure development in the public and private sectors?
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