The Automotive Electric and Electronic Systems Report

  • September 2013
  • -
  • Supplier Business
  • -
  • 209 pages

In automotive technology, since the first digital engine control modules were introduced in the 1980s, electronic content in vehicles has steadily increased. Today, a premium-class automobile contains around 100 million lines of software, running on 70 to 100 microprocessor-based electronic control units (ECUs) networked throughout. The electronics component value add is estimated today at around 40% for traditional cars and 75% for electric / hybrids. According to a recent study, 60% of new cars will be connected by 2017.

According to forecasts from IHS, the global market for automotive electronics is set to rise to $240 billion in 2020, up more than 50% from $157 billion in 2010, driven to new levels of prominence by regulatory and OEM safety initiatives. “The massive growth of automotive electronics in the space of a decade reflects the field’s rising importance to the car industry at large, especially as OEMs ratify in-vehicle electronics to be an essential selling feature for an automobile,” said, Ben Scott, automotive analyst for IHS.

This report looks at the demands of the automotive industry on electronic systems, the challenges for the automotive industry with increasing need for electronics, hardware and sensors, and looks at the software and sytems created in an automotive network design. The report also has over 35 profiles of prominent suppliers of automotive electric and electronic systems.

Table Of Contents

Introduction

Demands of the automotive industry

Temperature requirements
Vibration and shock
Failure rates

Challenges for the automotive industry
Bandwidth
Standardisation
Changes in the automotive industry
Higher voltage architecture

System hardware
Electronic Control Units (ECUs)
Wiring and harnesses
Fibre optic cables
Flat cabling
Flexible printed circuits
Programmable logic devices

Sensors
Resistive sensors
Voltage generating sensors
Switch type sensors
Optical torque and position sensors
Other sensors
Clustered sensors, sensor modules and sensor fusion

Automotive network design
Network types and design
Systems Engineering
Reconfiguration Flexibility
Bus and Communication Standards
CAN
LIN
Ethernet
FlexRay
MOST

Software
Coping with growing complexity
AUTOSAR
GENIVI Alliance
AutoLinQ
Microsoft Auto
ElectroBit
JasPar
Domain Controller approach

Supplier Profiles
Alpine Electronics
Altran Technologies
ARM
Autoliv
Bosch
ContinentalAutomotive Electronics
Continental
CandS Group GmbH
Delphi
Denso
dSpace Automotive electronics
Eberspächer
Elektrobit Corporation Automoitve lectronics
ELMOS Semiconductor
FEV
Freescale Semiconductor
Fujitsu
Harman
Hella
IAV
IInfineon
Infosys
Intecs
Johnson Controls
Lear
Magna
Magneti Marelli
MBTech Gro
Mentor Graphics
Mitsubishi Electric
NEC Tokin
STMicroelectronics
Texas Instruments
TRW Automotive



Figures

Figure 1: Global market revenue forecast for OEM electronic systems (billions)
Figure 2: Electronic Stability Control installation rates
Figure 3: High performance domain control ECUs can simplify overall network complexity
Figure 4: A schematic of data fusion from multiple sensors
Figure 5: Temperature and shock operating conditions for automotive electronic components
Figure 6: Typical temperatures at which automotive electronic components
Figure 7: Failure rate requirements of automotive electronic components
Figure 8: The development of processor clock frequencies
Figure 9: Additional functions and changes in electrical architecture
Figure 10: Additional functionality requires higher voltages - 48 volts
Figure 11: Exponential growth in communications connections
Figure 12: Fibre optic cable and POF structure
Figure 13: Examples of automotive sensor applications
Figure 14: Estimated sensor market size ($ billion)
Figure 15: Heated oxygen lambda sensor
Figure 16: Optical torque and position sensor
Figure 17: Fusing multiple sensor information for driver assistance systems
Figure 18: A slip control system ECU with integrated inertial control sensors
Figure 19: Evolution of Bosch radar sensors
Figure 20: Aggregate volume for radar sensors supplied by Bosch
Figure 21: Market segmentation development for in-vehicle networks
Figure 22: Cost versus speed for communication standards
Figure 23: CAN networks significantly reduce wiring requirements
Figure 24: Uses for the various communication standards
Figure 25: A schematic representation of the FlexRay architecture
Figure 26: MOST Cooperation members 2013
Figure 27: The convergence of automotive and consumer electronics
Figure 28: A MOST Infotainment system in a heterogeneous
Figure 29: AUTOSAR software architecture showing components and interfaces
Figure 30: Volume of cars sold (2009)
Figure 31: AUTOSAR timeline
Figure 32: AUTOSAR implementation plan
Figure 33: Volume of ECUs utilising AUTOSAR
Figure 34: GENIVI involved partners
Figure 35: Functional units of a GENIVI IVI software platform
Figure 36: Automotive domain characteristics



Tables

Table 1: Requirements on electronic devices
Table 2: Bus and communication standards comparison

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