Global Submarine Optical Fiber Cables Industry

  • August 2013
  • -
  • Global Industry Analysts
  • -
  • 334 pages

This report analyzes the worldwide Cumulative Installations of Submarine Optical Fiber Cables in Thousand Kilometers.

The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for Africa, Transatlantic, Europe & Mediterranean, Transpacific, and South East Asia. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2010 through 2018. Also, a six-year historic analysis is provided for these markets.

The report profiles 118 companies including many key and niche players such as Alcatel-Lucent, Angola Cables, AT&T, Inc., Bezeq International Ltd., Bharti Airtel Limited, China United Network Communications Group Co., Ltd., Ciena Corporation, Emerald Networks, Inc., Fujitsu Limited, Globacom Limited, Gulf Bridge International, Inc., Huawei Marine Networks Co., Limited, Infinera Corporation, Interoute Communications Ltd., Kokusai Cable Ship Co., Ltd., Main One Cable Company Limited, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, NSW, NTT Communications Corporation, Orange Marine, Pacnet Limited, PCCW Global, PIPE Networks Pty Ltd., Reliance Globalcom Ltd., Seaborn Networks LLC, StarHub Ltd., Tata Communications Limited, TE SubCom, Telkom SA SOC Limited, Vodafone Global, and Xtera Communications, Inc.

Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research.

Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs.

Table Of Contents




I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY and PRODUCT DEFINITIONS
Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1
Disclaimers I-2
Data Interpretation and Reporting Level I-2
Quantitative Techniques and Analytics I-3
Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3
Submarine Optical Fiber Cables I-3


II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW II-1
Prelude II-1
Growth Drivers in a Nutshell II-1
Fiber Optics - The Preferred Transmission Medium for Undersea
Applications II-2
Internet’s Rising Contribution to Economy: Need for Submarine
Cables II-2
Rising Bandwidth Demand Putting the Global Submarine Cables
Market in Overdrive II-3
Table 1: Global Used Bandwidth (2012 and 2018): Breakdown by
Internet and Private Networks (In Tbps) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-3

Table 2: World Internet Usage Trends (2002-2012): Number of
Internet Users and Internet User Base Per 100 People
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-4

Table 3: Worldwide Internet Usage (2006 and 2012): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Number of Internet Users for Developed and
Developing Economies (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-5

Table 4: Worldwide Active Broadband (Fixed and Mobile) Per 100
People (2013): Breakdown by Geographic Region (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6
Internet Traffic on the Rise II-6
Table 5: Global IP Traffic by Geographic Region (2012 and
2017P) (In exabytes per month) (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-7

Table 6: Global IP Traffic by Type of Device (2012 and 2017P):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Monthly IP Traffic for
Personal Computer, Television, Smartphone, Tablet, and
Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-8
Rise in IP-enabled Devices Necessitates Bandwidth Capacity
Expansion II-8
Table 7: Global Mobile Internet Market (2012): Estimated
Number of Active Mobile Broadband Subscriptions (in Million)
in Developed and Developing Countries (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-9

Table 8: Global Mobile Broadband Market (2012): Percentage
Share Breakdown of Active Mobile Broadband Subscriptions by
Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-10
Decentralization of International Bandwidth Demand and Cable
Systems II-10
Table 9: Global Used International Bandwidth by Geographic
Region (2007-2012): Ranked by % CAGR for Middle East,
Africa, Latin America, Asia, Europe, North America, and
Oceania (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-11
Growth in Internet Video to Trigger Use of Submarine Cable
Systems II-11
Table 10: Consumer Internet Video Traffic by Geographic
Region (2012 and 2017P) (In exabytes per month) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-12
Mobile Videos Streaming Gathers Steam II-12
Table 11: Worldwide Smartphone Penetration Rate by
Geographic Region (2012) (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-13

Table 12: Global Market for Smartphones (2013E and 2017):
Breakdown of Sales (in Million Units) by Geographic Region
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-13
Impact of Economic Uncertainties on Submarine Cables Market II-14
Saturation in Mature Markets Pushes Carriers to Seek New
Opportunities II-14
Emerging Markets Offer New World of Possibilities II-15
Lack of New Submarine Cable System Installations: A Cause of
Concern? II-15
Existing Intercontinental Submarine Cable Systems II-15
Upgrades Find Favor over New Subsea Network Installations II-16
Table 13: Global Submarine Cable Market (2007-2011):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Lit Submarine Cable Supply
Source - New Cables and Upgrades for Trans-Atlantic,
Trans-Pacific, US-Latin America, Intra-Asia and Europe-Egypt
Routes (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-17

Table 14: Worldwide Submarine Cable Network Market
(2009-2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of 10G, 40G and 100G
by Upgrade Technology (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18
Cable Deployment Projects for New Routes on the Rise II-18
Table 15: Worldwide New Submarine Cable Construction
Projects (2011-2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of
Construction Costs for Africa, Europe-Asia, Asia, Latin
America and Caribbean, Mediterranean, and Others (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-19
Proposed Submarine Cable Projects Worldwide: An Overview II-19
Proposed Submarine Cable Systems II-20
Financing Structure of Submarine Cable Systems II-21
Table 16: Funding for New Submarine Fiber Optic Cable Systems
(1987-2012 and 2008-2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of
Investment by Financier(s) includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-22
Investments in New Projects: Slow Yet Steady Inflows II-22
Unconventional Applications Provide Growth Opportunities II-23
Creating Mesh Networks for Greater Reliability and Faster
Connectivity II-23
Low Latency of Cable Systems: Sought After among Electronic
Trading Companies II-24
Technology Advances Promise Faster Undersea Transmissions II-24
Subsea Cables Encounter Challenges due to Big Data II-25
Submarine Cables: At Risk from Snooping, Natural Disasters and
Financial Crisis II-25
Congestion, Political Feuds Drive Submarine Cable Companies to
Seek Alternate Routes II-26
SLTE Market: Slowdown Affects Vendor Margins II-27
Table 17: Leading Vendors in the Global Submarine System
Construction Market (2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of
Revenues for Alcatel Lucent, TE SubCom, NEC Group and Others
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-28

Table 18: Leading Vendors in the Global Submarine Cables
Market (2008-2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of Supply
Contracts for Alcatel-Lucent, TE SubCom, NEC, Huawei Marine
Networks, Fujitsu, and Others (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-28

Table 19: Leading Suppliers of New Systems in the Submarine
Cable Systems Market (2003-2013): Percentage Share Breakdown
of New Systems Supplied for Primary Contracts for
Alcatel-Lucent, TE SubCom, NEC, Fujitsu, Huawei Marine, NSW,
and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-29

2. SUBMARINE CABLES: AN INTRODUCTION II-30
Submarine Optical Fiber Cables II-30
History and Development II-30
Optical Telephone Cables II-31
Basic Structure of Submarine Communication Cable II-31
Other Components of Submarine Cable Network II-32
Ownership Structure in Submarine Cable Industry II-33
Submarine Cables: An Edge over Satellite Communications II-34

3. REGULATORY LANDSCAPE II-35
Regulations for Cable Deployment and Protection II-35
2011 Omnibus Resolution on Oceans and the Law of the Sea:
Glance at Key Specifications II-35
A Peek into Provisions of UNCLOS for Undersea Cables II-36
Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables II-36
Australia: Legal Framework for Submarine Cables II-36

4. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTS/INTRODUCTIONS II-37
Tata Communications to Introduce 100-Gbps Services on TGN-
Atlantic Submarine Fiber-Optic Cable System II-37
Xtera Communications Introduces 100G Technology for Use in
Long-Distance Undersea Cable Systems II-37
TSE-1 consortium Launch TSE-1 Submarine Cable II-37
Huawei Marine Releases RPT 1660 and BU1650 for Commercial
Availability II-37
Xtera Communications Unveils 100G Technology for Subsea Cable
Systems II-38
Expresso Telecom Group Introduces ACE Submarine Cable Station II-38
France Telecom to Introduce Fiber Optic Submarine Cable System II-39
Reliance Globalcom Introduces New Undersea Cable in Iraq II-39
South African Government and Major Telecommunications
Operators Introduce WACS Submarine Cable System II-39
ASSC-1 Communications Group Unveils Perth to Singapore
Submarine Cable System II-39
Cyprus Telecommunications Authority Installs DTN-X Platform of
Infinera II-40
Telstra Installs DTN Solution of Infinera for Optical Subsea
Network in Asia II-40
ACE Consortium Unveils ACE Submarine Cable II-41
Alcatel-Lucent and Bezeq International Launch Jonah Submarine
Cable System Linking Israel and Italy II-41
The Consortium Rolls Out West Africa Cable System II-42
Bezeq International Unveils Undersea Cable II-42
Globacom to Launch Glo-1 II-42
Hengtong Optic-Electric Rolls out New FTTH, Submarine Cable
and 4G Mobile Products II-42
Infinera Unveils Instant Bandwidthâ„¢ on DTN-X Platform II-43
Eurofiber Uses Infinera DTN Platform to Offer 100GbE Services II-43
Libyan Telecom to Launch Syyoum Project II-44
Tamares Telecom Launches Undersea Cable System II-44
Sify Technologies to Activate Capacity on Europe India Gateway
Undersea Cable System II-45
Movistar Unveils Pencan 8 Submarine Cable System Connecting
Canary Islands and Peninsula II-45
SkyVision Global Networks Introduces New Enterprise Services
in Nigeria II-45
Gulf Bridge International Introduces 100G Connectivity on
Undersea Cable Network across Gulf II-45
TelOne Introduces Fiber-Optic Link to East African Submarine
System II-45
Bharti Airtel and Consortium Launch Europe India Gateway
Submarine Cable System II-46
Reliance Globalcom Introduces Improved Version of Undersea
Cable Networks II-46
TE SubCom Secures Contract from Pacific Fibre for Submarine
Cable System II-46
Alcatel-Lucent Enters into Agreement with Australia- Singapore
Cable International II-46
KKCC Deploys Infinera Submarine Solution for Alaskan Subsea
Network Upgrade II-47
Alcatel-Lucent and Telecom Egypt Introduce TE-NORTH 40G
Undersea Cable System II-48
Nawras and Tata Communications Unveil Undersea Cable System
Network II-48
STE and Cyta to Unveil ALASIA Undersea Cable Linking System II-48
India-Middle East-Western Europe Group Launches Undersea
Optical Fiber Cable II-49
France Telecom-led Consortium to Unveil LION 2 Undersea Cable II-49
Bharti Airtel-led Consortium Unveils Undersea Cable System II-49
Bharti Airtel-led Consortium Launches EASSy Cable Undersea System II-49
Bezeq International and Alcatel-Lucent to Develop High-Speed
Submarine Cable System II-50
NEC Completes Integrated Submarine-Cable Ocean Observation
Project for Taiwan II-50
Reliance Globalcom Establishes World’s First Mediterranean Hub
and Gateway at Cyprus II-51
Xtera Communications Launches Nu-Wave XLR II-52

5. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-53
Angola Cables Inks Agreement with Epsilon Telecommunications II-53
Alcatel-Lucent and WACS Ink Submarine Agreement II-53
CWC and Columbus Ink Strategic Alliance II-53
Fujitsu and NEC Conclude Construction of Asia Submarine-cable
Express System II-54
NEC Secures Supply Contract from Chunghwa Telecom II-54
Ezecom and Telekom Malaysia Ink MoU II-54
Alcatel-Lucent to Divest Submarine-cable Unit II-55
Global Caribbean Fiber Selects Ciena for Upgrading Antilles
Crossing Submarine Network II-55
Tata Communications Upgrades TGN-Atlantic Sub-Sea Cable System II-55
China Unicom Unveils Undersea Fiber-Optic Cable to Link Taiwan
and China II-55
TE SubCom Upgrades Trans-Pacific Express Submarine Cable System II-56
Alcatel-Lucent and America Móvil to Develop America Móvil 1
Submarine Cable System II-56
Ciena and Farice to Jointly Upgrade DANICE Submarine Cable System II-57
Alcatel-Lucent Upgrades Trans-Pacific Cable System II-57
KDDI Chooses Infinera DTN-X with Instant Bandwidthâ„¢ for 100G
Upgrade of Cable System II-58
Infinera Supplies Infinera DTN-X Platform to OVH II-58
Infinera Supplies DTN-X Platform to Pacnet II-59
Pacnet to Deploy Integrated OTN Switching and 100 Gb/s Optical
Mesh Network II-59
Reliance Globalcom Upgrades Trans-Atlantic FA-1 South Sub-sea
Network with GeoMesh II-60
OSI Awards Supply Contract to TE SubCom for the POSEIDON
Submarine Cable Project II-60
OTMT Enters into an Agreement with Telecom Egypt II-60
Omantel Signs Agreement to Construct BBG Submarine Cable System II-61
Orange Tunisia and Tunisiana Ink Agreement with Interoute to
Commission Didon Submarine Cable II-61
ECFS Consortium Chooses Xtera to Upgrade Festoon Subsea Cable
System II-61
Reliance JioInfocomm Inks Agreement with Bharti Airtel Ink
Agreement for Using Undersea Cable II-62
Telstra Inks MOU with SubPartners to Build APX West Submarine
Cable II-62
SEACOM to Construct SAMS Cable II-62
NTT Installs Upgraded 100Gbps Digital Coherent Technology on
Trans-Pacific Route II-63
PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia to Acquire Controlling Interest in
Pacnet II-63
Alcatel-Lucent Bags Contract to Upgrade MAYA-1 Submarine Cable
System II-63
Oceanteam Shipping and WIND Form Joint Venture II-64
TIME dotCom Berhad Signs Construction and Maintenance Agreement II-64
Angola Cables and Telebras Ink Agreement II-65
PCCW Global Collaborates with Ciena to Upgrade RNAL Cable System II-65
Main One Cable Renews Marine Maintenance Contract with
Alcatel-Lucent II-65
Telebras and IslaLink Ink Memorandum of Understanding for
Submarine Cable Network II-66
Chunghwa Telecom Completes Work on Kinmen- Xiamen Submarine
Cable System II-66
Tamares Telecom Deploys Xtera’s Nu-Wave Optima Platform in
Submarine Line Terminal Equipment Configuration II-66
Alcatel-Lucent Signs Agreement with Main One Cable Company for
Renewing Maintenance Contract II-66
Angola Cable Launches Angola-Brazil Undersea Cable System II-67
Telefonica International Wholesale Services to Upgrade
Undersea Cable System with Infinera DTN-X Platform II-67
PIPE Networks to Upgrade Submarine Cable System with Infinera
DTN-X Platform II-68
Mitsubishi Electric Completes Upgrade of India-Middle East-
Western Europe Cable Network System II-68
Gulf Bridge International and Xtera Communications Introduce
Repeatered Submarine Cable System II-69
Reliance Globalcom to Upgrade FLAG Europe-Asia Undersea
Network with Ciena's WaveLogicâ„¢ 100G Networking Solutions II-69
Tata Communications Completes Construction of Tata Global
Network-Eurasia Cable System II-70
Vodafone Acquires Cable and Wireless Worldwide II-70
Emerald Networks Selects TE SubCom II-71
ACPL, IOCPL and Global Marine Renew Undersea Cable Maintenance
Contracts II-71
Global Marine Bags Cable Maintenance Contract for the NAZ II-71
ASSC-1 to Establish New Perth to Singapore ASSC-1 Submarine
Cable System II-71
NTT Communications Announces ASE Link to Hong Kong II-72
GlobeNet Announces Extension of Subsea Network to Colombia II-72
GBI Connects Undersea Cable to Iraq II-73
SomCable Selects Bluwan for Expanding High-Speed Wireless
Internet Service in Somalia II-73
Seaborn Networks to Establish Direct Link between New York and
Sao Paulo II-73
LION2 Undersea Fiber-Optic Cable System Adds Kenya to LION
Network II-73
Digicel Announces FibraLink Extension to Haiti II-74
Sify Technologies Sets Up Subsea Cable Landing Station in Mumbai II-74
Sify, MENA Submarine Cable System S.A.E., Enter LPA II-74
TE SubCom Announces Completion of TGN-Gulf and TGN-EA Undersea
Cables II-74
Telmax Obtains Approval for AMX-1 Submarine Cable from SEMARNAT II-75
Tonga Cable Selects Alcatel-Lucent for Laying Undersea Cable
Links II-75
Angolan Government Opens Submarine Cable Station II-75
Latin American Nautilus Upgrades its Submarine Network II-76
Ciena® Corporation Collaborates with LION2 Consortium II-76
Main One Increases Lit Capacity on Submarine Fibre Optic Cable
System II-77
SCCN and AARNet Enhance Capacity II-77
CALIENT to Provide Photonic Switching to SCCN II-78
Batelco and GBI Enter into Agreement II-79
Huawei Marine Inks Construction Contract for Hibernia
Atlantic's GFN Project Express Segment II-79
Phase3 Telecom and Main One Ink Partnership Agreement II-79
Sidera Selects Seaborn for Expanding Network in Sao Paulo, Brazil II-80
Scripps and Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
Collaborate with TE SubCom II-80
NTT Communications and Asian Telecommunication Carriers Sign
Agreement II-81
KT and Global Consortium Collaborates for High- Speed
Submarine Communications Cables II-81
Level 3 Communications Acquires Global Crossing II-81
Kokusai Cable Ship and Xtera Communications Receive Contract
for Building GOKI Submarine Cable System from ATandT II-82
Vodafone and Pacific Fibre Sign Agreement II-82
TE SubCom and Global Nexus Telecommunications Ink Supply Contract II-82
Donghwa Telecom to Invest in Joint Venture for Southeast Asia
Japan Cable II-83
Digicel Obtains Submarine Cable Carrier License from Office of
the Utilities Regulations II-83
NEC and Fujitsu Sign Agreement for Asia Submarine- Cable
Express System II-83
StarHub, Philippine Long Distance Telephone and NTT
Communications Ink Agreement II-84
NEC and TE SubCom Secures Contract from South- East Asia Japan
Cable (SJC) System Consortium II-84
Telekom Malaysia BHDTM to Invest in Cahaya Malaysia II-85
NEC Inks Deal with Nippon Telegraph and Telephone II-85
China United, Taiwan International Gateway, Far EasTone and
Chunghwa Telecom Ink MoU II-85
Tyco Electronics Subsea Communications to Offer 40G Upgrade II-85
Netriplex Extends Global Network to Amsterdam and London II-85
Interoute Successfully Deploys Infinera’s 500 Gbps PICs II-86
MedNautilus Selects Infinera to Upgrade Subsea Network II-86
Columbus Networks Selects Repeatered Submarine Line Terminal
Equipment of Xtera II-87
Kokusai Cable Ship and Xtera Communications Obtain Contract
from ATandT to Establish GOKI Submarine Cable System II-87
Xtera and LIME Deploy Caribbean East West Cable Network II-88
Reliance Globalcom Selects 40G Optical Networking Solution of
Ciena to Upgrade FNAL Submarine Network II-89
NTT Communications to Upgrade PC-1 Submarine Cable System II-89
Reliance Globalcom Upgrades Submarine Cable System II-90
Caucasus Online and TE SubCom Sign Contract to Upgrade
Caucasus Submarine Cable System II-90
Columbus Networks and TE SubCom to Enter into Partnership to
Upgrade CFX-1 Submarine Cable System II-90
TE SubCom Upgrades Submarine Cable System II-90
Alcatel-Lucent and TE SubCom Expand Pacific End-to-End
Maintenance Program II-91
LITC Commissions New Enhanced Submarine Cable System
Connecting Libya to Italy II-91
Huawei Marine Commissions MKCS II-91
MTN to Extend WACS to Ghana II-92
NEC Enters into Contract with Consortium of Companies II-92
France Telecom-Orange Takes Over Elettra- Sincrotrone Trieste
from Telecom Italia II-93
Government of Nigeria Inks Agreement with eFive Telecoms and
Seacom II-93
Vodafone Qatar Inks Agreement with Gulf Bridge International II-93
du Inks Agreement with Gulf Bridge International II-93
Gulf Bridge International Inks Agreement with Iraq
Telecommunications and Post II-94
Sify Technologies Inks Agreement with Gulf Bridge International II-94
Gulf Bridge International Enters into Partnership with Pacnet II-94
Alcatel-Lucent Enters into Contract with Seychelles Cable System II-95
CanaLink and Alcatel-Lucent Ink Contract for Submarine Cable
Network II-95
Sify Enters into Agreement with Gulf Bridge II-96
Gulf Bridge and Qtel Sign Landing Party Agreement II-96
Galaxy Backbone and Main One Cable Company Partner to Deliver
Superior Voice and Data Services II-96

6. FOCUS ON SELECT PLAYERS II-97
Alcatel-Lucent (France) II-97
Angola Cables (Angola) II-97
ATandT, Inc. (US) II-97
Bezeq International Ltd. (Israel) II-98
Bharti Airtel Limited (India) II-99
China United Network Communications Group Co., Ltd. (Hong Kong) II-99
Ciena Corporation (US) II-100
Emerald Networks, Inc. (US) II-100
Fujitsu Limited (Japan) II-101
Globacom Limited (Nigeria) II-101
Gulf Bridge International, Inc. (US) II-102
Huawei Marine Networks Co., Limited (China) II-102
Infinera Corporation (US) II-102
Interoute Communications Ltd. (UK) II-103
Kokusai Cable Ship Co., Ltd. (Japan) II-103
Main One Cable Company Limited (Nigeria) II-104
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (Japan) II-104
NSW (Germany) II-105
NTT Communications Corporation (Japan) II-105
Orange Marine (France) II-106
Pacnet Limited (Singapore, Hong Kong) II-106
PCCW Global (Hong Kong) II-106
PIPE Networks Pty Ltd (Australia) II-107
Reliance Globalcom Ltd. (UK) II-107
Seaborn Networks LLC (US) II-107
StarHub Ltd. (Singapore) II-107
Tata Communications Limited (India) II-108
TE SubCom (US) II-109
Telkom SA SOC Limited (South Africa) II-109
Vodafone Global (UK) II-110
Xtera Communications, Inc. (US) II-110

7. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-111
Table 20: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) by Geographic Region -
Africa, Transatlantic, Europe and Mediterranean, Transpacific,
South East Asia, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed
with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years
2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-111

Table 21: World Historic Review for Submarine Cables (Optical
Fibers) by Geographic Region - Africa, Transatlantic, Europe and
Mediterranean, Transpacific, South East Asia, and Others
Markets Independently Analyzed with Cumulative Installations
in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through 2009 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-112

Table 22: World 15-Year Perspective for Submarine Cables
(Optical Fibers) by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown
of Cumulative Installations for Africa, Transatlantic, Europe and
Mediterranean, Transpacific, South East Asia, and Others
Markets for the Years 2004, 2013 and 2018 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-113


III. MARKET

1. AFRICA III-1
A.Market Analysis III-1
Need for Connectivity Drives Focus onto Submarine Cables III-1
Existing West African and East African Intercontinental Systems III-2
Imminent Explosion in International Connectivity through
Submarine Cables III-2
Proposed Sub-Saharan African Intercontinental Systems III-2
High-Capacity Submarine Cables to Wire-up Africa III-3
Emergence of VoIP Services III-3
African Countries Take Measures to Control High Cost of
Bandwidth III-3
New Submarine Cables to Boost Internet Connectivity in Africa III-4
Extending Connectivity to Land-locked Nations is Key for
Future Growth III-4
Seacom, Eassy Experience Problems on Undersea Cable Systems III-4
East Africa III-5
Submarine Cable Systems Spur Demand for Broadband Internet
Services III-5
Surging Demand for Mobile Communications and Internet Services III-5
West Africa III-5
Launch of New Cable Systems to Bring Broadband Connectivity III-5
Southern Africa III-6
Nigeria III-6
Submarine Cable Systems to Drive-down Bandwidth Prices III-6
Delay in Approval for National Broadband Policy Affects
Investments III-7
Product/Service Launches III-7
Strategic Corporate Developments III-11
Key Players III-17
B.Market Analytics III-19
Table 23: African Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with
Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years
2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-19

Table 24: African Historic Review for Submarine Cables
(Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in
‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through 2009 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-19

2. TRANSATLANTIC III-20
A.Market Analysis III-20
Transatlantic: The Largest Submarine Cable Route III-20
A Glance at Existing Transatlantic Cable Systems III-21
Planned Transatlantic Cable Systems III-21
Table 25: Activated Transatlantic Capacity (2007-2012) (In
Gbps) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-22
The United States III-22
US Government Tightens Control on Undersea Cable Services
and Systems III-22
The New Framework and its Objectives III-22
Latin America III-23
Overview III-23
Table 26: International Bandwidth Demand in South America
(2013): Percentage Share Breakdown by Country (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-24
New Wave of Projects Hit Latin America III-24
Brazil: A Lucrative Connectivity Target for Submarine Cable
Projects III-25
Product/Service Launches III-25
Strategic Corporate Developments III-28
Key Players III-31
B.Market Analytics III-35
Table 27: Transatlantic Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with
Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years
2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

Table 28: Transatlantic Historic Review for Submarine Cables
(Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in
‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through 2009 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

3. EUROPE and MEDITERRANEAN III-36
A.Market Analysis III-36
Outlook III-36
South Asia and Middle East Submarine Cable Route: A Review III-36
Existing South Asian Interregional Systems III-36
Proposed South Asian Interregional Systems III-37
Submarine Cables in Asia: High Growth Opportunities III-37
India: Submarine Cables Market on Expansion Mode III-37
Telecom Majors Team Up for Submarine Cable Projects III-38
Monopoly Allegations in CLS Sector Hits Submarine Cables
Market III-39
Accidental and Intentional Threats Affect Communications III-40
The Middle East III-40
Limited Submarine Cable Systems Lead to High Broadband Prices III-40
Egypt: An Important Host of Submarine Cables III-40
Product/Service Launches III-41
Strategic Corporate Developments III-46
Key Players III-53
B.Market Analytics III-57
Table 29: Europe and Mediterranean Recent Past, Current and
Future Analysis for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers)
Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers
for the Years 2010 through 2018 (includes orresponding
Graph/Chart) III-57

Table 30: Europe and Mediterranean Historic Review for
Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative
Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through
2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-57

4. TRANSPACIFIC III-58
A.Market Analysis III-58
Outlook III-58
Transpacific Route: A Brief Review III-58
Table 31: Activated Transpacific Capacity (2007-2012) (in
Gbps) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-59
Existing Transpacific Cable Systems III-59
Planned Transpacific Cable Systems III-60
Japan: Earthquake and Tsunami Disrupt Fiber-Optic Submarine
Cables III-60
Australia and New Zealand III-60
Existing Australia/New Zealand Intercontinental Systems III-60
Proposed Australia/New Zealand Intercontinental Systems III-61
High Cost of Internet Data Transmission over Submarine Cables III-61
Creating Mesh Networks for Greater Reliability and Faster
Connectivity III-62
Pacific Fibre’s New Cable Plan Collapses III-62
New Cables: Still a Viable Proposition? III-62
Strategic Corporate Developments III-62
Key Players III-71
B.Market Analytics III-74
Table 32: Transpacific Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with
Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years
2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-74

Table 33: Transpacific Historic Review for Submarine Cables
(Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in
‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through 2009 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-74

5. SOUTH EAST ASIA III-75
A.Market Analysis III-75
Outlook III-75
Pan-East Asia Route: A Review III-75
Existing Pan-East Asian Systems III-75
Proposed Pan-East Asian Systems III-75
Challenges Facing Intra-Asian Market for Submarine Cables III-75
Product/Service Launches III-76
Strategic Corporate Developments III-77
Key Players III-84
B.Market Analytics III-87
Table 34: South East Asia Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with
Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years
2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-87

Table 35: South East Asia Historic Review for Submarine
Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative
Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through
2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-88

6. OTHERS III-89
A.Market Analysis III-89
Outlook III-89
North America-South America Route III-89
Existing US-Brazil Cable Systems III-89
Proposed Latin American Submarine Cable Systems III-90
Cuba Gets First Undersea Cable III-90
Arctic/ Polar Route III-90
Strategic Corporate Developments III-91
B.Market Analytics III-98
Table 36: Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Other
Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Market Analyzed with
Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years
2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-98

Table 37: Historic Review for Other Submarine Cables
(Optical Fibers) Market Analyzed with Cumulative
Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through
2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-98


IV. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

Total Companies Profiled: 118 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 127)

The United States (20)
Japan (11)
Europe (30)
- France (4)
- Germany (2)
- The United Kingdom (10)
- Italy (2)
- Spain (3)
- Rest of Europe (9)
Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) (33)
Latin America (7)
Africa (16)
Middle East (10)

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