Next generation lighting achieves a complete replacement of incandescent filament bulbs with LED lighting that is more energy efficient, lasts longer and has a significantly lower cost of operation.

LED lighting decreases labor costs of replacing bulbs in commercial situations. The LED bulbs are implementing new semiconductor technology. The 2013 study has 403 pages, 183 tables and figures. Worldwide LED lighting markets are poised to achieve significant growth as buildings and communities lead the way in implementing the more cost efficient systems. In some cases, the utility plants are providing funding and financing so that lighting users can make the shift to LED lighting.
LED lamps lower the overall cost of lighting. LED lighting costs are less than costs with incandescent lights. LED lamps offer up to 50,000 hours of illumination with a fraction of the energy used by traditional incandescent bulbs. LED bulbs generate 90% less heat than incandescent bulbs. LED bulbs extend time between bulb replacements. The bulbs are used to achieve a near zero-maintenance lighting system.

LED lighting products are coming to market rapidly. Suppliers carry up to 150 different LED bulb and lamp styles to fit the various needs of consumers and businesses.
LED PAR lamps dominate the ENERGY STAR qualified product list, so back in 2012 IEE partnered with TopTen USA and Ecova to develop recommendations for top performing PAR38 and PAR30 LED lamps. The team developed an evaluation protocol that starts with the lamps found in ENERGY STAR’s list, to which we applied product criteria screens and testing to a subset of lamps to determine the 10 top performers. Efficiency along with aesthetics, payback period, and dimming performance were key criteria to the ranking.

LED lighting products compete with traditional lighting technologies on the basis of the numerous benefits of LED lighting relative to such technology including greater energy efficiency, longer lifetime, improved durability, increased environmental friendliness, digital controllability, smaller size, directionality and lower heat output.
LED lighting products face competition in the general lighting market from both traditional lighting technologies provided by numerous vendors as well as from LED-based lighting products provided by a growing roster of industry specialized participants.
The emergence of cost-competitive LEDs has caused a "paradigm shift" in the lighting industry that has changed everything. The LED lighting industry rapid technological change has been brought by enormous changes in the regulations affecting lighting. Short product lifecycles are a result of new manufacturing and materials science that are the result of companies trying to improve the economies of scale to make price points more attractive to customers.
According to Susan Eustis, leader of the team that prepared the study, “Frequent product introductions have characterized the LED lighting industry. There is a highly competitive pricing environment with the current price point of $10 in 2013 per light about to decline to $6 per light. These market characteristics increase the need for continuous innovation.”

Sales of LEDs that outpace incandescent bulbs in North America are expected to soon completely eliminate incandescent bulbs. The LED lighting market is anticipated to grow 45% per year through 2019. The LED lighting market at $4.8 billion in 2012 is anticipated to go to $42 billion by 2019. The reason is the declining price points, the increased interest by the channel in pushing LEDs to consumers. LEDs provide the best lighting solution. The phase out of incandescent lights has begun, the onset of LED command of the market is upon us.
This LED lighting shipment analysis is based on consideration of the metrics for the total number of lights shipped with a likely penetration analysis. Interviews with distributors, vendors, and users provide means for triangulation of data to achieve an accurate look at the market. Interviews include contact with distributors and analysts worldwide.

Table Of Contents

Executive Summary
LEDs Promise to Revolutionize the Lighting Industry 27
LED Lamps Market Driving Forces 28
Light-Emitting Diodes Transform The Business Of Illumination 30
LEDs Are Economical 30
LED Lamps Durability 32
LED Market Shares 34
LED Lighting Market Forecasts 36
LED Lighting Market Shares And Market Forecasts

1. LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) LIGHTING MARKET DYNAMICS AND MARKET DESCRIPTION 40

1.1 LEDs Replace Traditional Incandescent Light Bulb 40
1.2 Next Generation, High-Efficiency, Cost-Saving LED Lighting 41
1.2.1 LED Products 42
1.3 LED Quality Standards 46
1.4 Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED 50
1.4.1 LED Substrates 56
1.5 Global Economy 59
1.5.1 The IT Market 60
1.5.2 New World Order Built On The Globally Integrated Enterprise 60
LED Lighting Market Shares And Market Forecasts

2 LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) LIGHTING MARKET SHARES AND MARKET FORECASTS 63

2.1 LED Lamps Market Driving Forces 63
2.1.1 Light-Emitting Diodes Transform The Business Of Illumination 65
2.1.2 LEDs Are Economical 65
2.1.3 LED Lamps Durability 67
2.2 LED Market Shares 69
2.2.1 Lighting Industry Market Share Commentary on LED Technology Shifts 72
2.2.2 Philips Lumileds 73
2.2.3 Philips Targets Lighting for Underdeveloped Regions 74
2.2.4 Cree 74
2.2.5 Cree Manufacturing 75
2.2.6 Cree 75
2.2.7 Cree Emerging Markets 76
2.2.8 GE Lighting Solutions 76
2.2.9 GE ROI for LEDs 76
2.2.10 GE Installs Municipal Lighting 77
2.2.11 Acuity Brands Enhances Popular Lithonia Lighting TWH and TWP
Luminaires with LED Technology 77
2.2.12 Toshiba Lighting Technology 78
2.2.13 QD Vision 78
2.2.14 Lighting Science Group 79
2.2.15 Lighting Science Group 79
2.2.16 Bridgelux LED Arrays 80
2.2.17 Albemarle 80
2.3 LED Lighting Market Forecasts 82
2.3.1 LED Lighting, Unit Shipments 86
2.3.2 LED Light Market Penetration, Market Forecasts 89
2.3.3 General Lighting and LED Lighting Installed Base and Market Penetration 91
2.4 Comparison of LED vs. Incandescent Overall Costs 93
2.4.1 Relative ROI Incandescent Lights Compared to LED Lights 95
2.4.2 Energy Star Qualified LED Lamps Increasing Over Time 98
2.4.3 LED Lighting Business Models Shift 100
2.5 LED Market Description 103
2.5.1 LED Markets, Lighting, LCD and TV Displays, Automotive, Cell Phones,
Notebooks, Tablets and Displays 103
2.5.2 LED Market Growth 105
2.5.3 LED LCD TVs 105
2.5.4 LED Die Surface 106
2.5.5 LED Reflector Lamps 107
2.6 LED Energy Reduction 108
2.6.1 LEDs in LCD Backlighting 108
2.7 LED Prices 110
2.7.1 Top Ten USA LED Lamps Ratings and Prices 110
2.8 LED Regional Market Analysis 120
2.8.1 Japan 122
2.8.2 Cree Revenue by Regional Segment 123
2.8.3 China 126
2.8.4 China Controls Vast Majority Of The Rare-Earth Materials 126
LED Lighting Product Description

3. LED LIGHTING PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 128

3.1 Lighting Science Group 128
3.1.1 Lighting Science Group A19 / A60 Omni 128
3.1.2 Lighting Science Group BR20 129
3.1.3 Lighting Science Group DFN19 / A60 130
3.1.4 Lighting Science Group PAR16 131
3.1.5 Lighting Science Group BayLight 132
3.1.6 Lighting Science Group BayLume 134
3.2 Solid State Lighting Systems 135
3.2.1 Solid State Lighting Systems Tilelite 136
3.2.2 Solid State Lighting Systems LED Pool Lights 137
3.2.3 Solid State Lighting Systems Quad Tilelite 138
3.3 BridgeLux 139
3.3.1 Bridgelux LS Arrays 139
3.3.2 Bridgelux ES Arrays 141
3.3.3 Bridgelux RS Arrays 143
3.3.4 Bridgelux VeroTM Array Series 145
3.4 Cree 147
3.4.1 Cree CR80-650L 147
3.4.2 Cree CR4 148
3.4.3 Cree 304 Series Interior 149
3.4.4 Cree CR80-650L 150
3.5 LED Microsensor NT 151
3.5.1 LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 1600-2400 nm spectral range 151
3.5.2 LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 2800-5000 nm spectral range 152
3.5.3 LED Microsensor NT LED Chip Design 154
3.6 Osram Sylvania 155
3.6.1 Osram Sylvania Integrated LED Lamps 156
3.6.2 Osram Sylvania LED Modules and Arrays 157
3.6.3 Osram Sylvania OPTOTRONIC® Overview 157
3.7 Acuity Brands Lighting 158
3.7.1 Acuity Brands Indoor LED Solutions 158
3.7.2 Acuity Brands DOM6 LED 159
3.7.3 Acuity Brands REALITY 6" LED Module 160
3.7.4 Acuity Brands ELM2 LED 161
3.8 GE Lighting Solutions 161
3.8.1 GE ROI for LEDs 162
3.8.2 GE Lumination LED Luminaires - EP Series 163
3.8.3 GE Tetra AL10 165
3.8.4 GE Tetra® miniMAX 166
3.9 Philips Lumileds 167
3.9.1 Philips Limileds LUXEON A 167
3.9.2 Philips Limileds SignalSure 168
3.9.3 Philips Limileds SnapLED 169
3.9.4 Philips Lumileds Quality White Lighting with LEDs 171
3.10 Toshiba 172
3.10.1 Toshiba Lighting Technology 174
3.10.2 Toshiba Lighting the Way 174
3.11 Litecontrol 185
3.11.1 Litecontrol Wall Arcos LED 185
3.11.2 Litecontrol Aerial 187
3.12 Intematix 188
3.12.1 Intematix ChromaLitâ„¢ 188
3.12.2 Intematix LED Phosphors 189
3.13 iWatt 190
3.13.1 iWatt iW1760 190
3.13.2 iWatt iW3630 191
3.14 QD Vision QLEDs 191
3.14.1 QLED Technology In Full-Color Displays And Lighting Devices 195
3.14.2 QD Vision 197
3.14.3 QLEDs -- The Future 197
3.14.4 QD Vision QLED Technology 199
3.15 Prolighting TCP 200
3.15.1 ProLighting LED Light Bulbs 202
3.16 ATG Electronics 213
3.17 Utech LED 216
3.18 Advantech Lighting Solutions / NaturaLED 218
3.19 GreeneLED 219
3.20 Lighting Science Group 220
3.21 Light KIW 223
3.22 Verbatim 223
3.23 NuVue 225
3.24 Bridgelux LED Products 228
3.25 Albemarle 229
3.26 Larson 231
3.27 Nichia 236
3.28 Toyoda Gosei 238
3.29 Epistar 241
LED Lighting Technology

4 LED LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY 246

4.1 Light-Emitting Diodes LEDs 246
4.2 Institute of the Edison Foundation IEE Measures LED lamps 247
4.2.1 IEE Names Lighting Science® to Top Ten LED Lamp List 247
4.2.2 Utility Investments In Electric Efficiency Programs 248
4.3 LED PAR38 Best in Class 250
4.4 LEDs Devices Use Semiconductor Materials 253
4.4.1 TriMethyl Gallium (TMG) 254
4.4.2 Triethylgallium (TEG) 254
4.4.3 Trimethylaluminum (TMA-PG) 254
4.4.4. Trimethylgallium (TMG) 254
4.4.5 LED Colors and Common Chemistries 258
4.5 Lighting Controls 260
4.5 LED Environmental Dimension 261
4.5.1 Biologically Effective Lighting 261
4.6 Safety Dimension 266
4.6.1 LED Manufacturing Is A Very Complex And Highly Technical Process 269
4.6.2 Lighting Efficiency Comparison 273
4.7 LED Lighting Standards 274
LED Lighting Company Description

5 LED LIGHTING COMPANY DESCRIPTION 275

5.1 Acuity Brands Lighting 275
5.1.1 Acuity Brands Enhances Popular Lithonia Lighting TWH and TWP
Luminaires with LED Technology 275
5.2 Advantech Lighting Solutions / NaturaLED 276
5.3 Albemarle 276
5.3.1 Albemarle Catalysts 280
5.3.2 Albemarle Discussion 280
5.3.3 Albemarle Discovery in Lithium Carbonate Production 284
5.3.4 Albemarle Commercial Technology Services 285
5.3.5 Albemarle Pretreat Catalysts 289
5.3.6 Albemarle Revenue 2013 290
5.4 ATG Electronics 294
5.5 Avances Lumínicos Plus S.A. de C.V 295
5.6 BridgeLux 296
5.7 Cree 297
5.7.1 Cree LED Lighting 298
5.7.2 Cree Power and Wireless Devices 298
5.7.3 Cree Sets New RandD Performance Record with 276 Lumen-Per-Watt Power LED 299
5.7.4 Cree Business 300
5.7.5 Cree LED Lighting Products 300
5.7.6 Cree Product Revenues by Reportable Segment 301
5.7.7 Cree LED Products Segment 302
5.7.8 Cree LED Chips 302
5.7.9 Cree LED Components 303
5.7.10 Cree Lighting Products Segment 303
5.7.11 Cree Power and RF Products Segment 305
5.7.12 Cree Power Devices 305
5.7.13 Cree RF Devices 306
5.7.14 Cree LED Research and Development 306
5.7.15 Cree Financial Information about Geographic Areas of Customers and Assets 307
5.8 Emcore 307
5.8.1 Emcore Broadband: 308
5.9 Epistar 309
5.9.1 Epistar Revenue 312
5.9.2 Epistar Led the LED Era 313
5.10 Everlight 314
5.10.1 Everlight Revenue 315
5.11 GE Lighting Solutions 316
5.11.1 GE Tetra EdgeStrip and Tetra miniStrip among Top 10 products of 2012: EDC Magazine 316
5.11.2 GE Evolve LED Fixtures Reduce Auto Dealership's Energy Costs by $49,000 Annually 317
5.11.3 GE Scorecard 319
5.11.4 GE Manufactures Electrical Distribution And Control Products, Lighting
And Power Panels, Switchgear And Circuit Breakers 323
5.11.5 GE Home and Business Solutions 323
5.11.6 GE Offers Major Home Appliances 324
5.11.7 GE Lamps 324
5.11.8 GE Lighting Solutions 324
5.11.9 GE Healthcare 325
5.11.10 GE Healthcare Regional PandLs 326
5.11.11 GE Key Medical Care Areas: Cardiology 327
5.11.12 GE Neurology 327
5.11.13 GE Emergency Medicine 328
5.11.14 GE Oncology 328
5.11.15 GE Women’s Health 329
5.11.16 GE Healthcare Oxygen Humidifier 330
5.11.17 GE Healthcare Air/O2 Blender 332
5.11.18 GE M2100 Air/O2 Blender 332
5.12 IEE 332
5.13 Intematix 333
5.13.1 Intematix Remote Phosphor Takes Lead in LED High Bay Lighting Performance 334
5.13.2 Intematix Phosphor Technology 335
5.13.3 Intematix ChromaLitâ„¢ Technology 336
5.14 iWatt 338
5.14.1 iWatt Flickerlessâ„¢ SSL LED Driver is Optimized for Commercial Lighting
and Wireless Lighting 339
5.15 Larson 342
5.16 LED Microsensor NT 343
5.16.1 LED Microsensor NT Technology 343
5.16.2 LED Microsensor NT Quality 344
5.17 Lighting Science Group 345
5.17.1 IEE Names Lighting Science® to Top Ten LED Lamp List 346
5.17.2 Lighting Science Group Files 71 New Patents in 2012 347
5.17.3 Lighting Science Group Business 348
5.17.4 Lighting Science Group Customers 348
5.17.5 Lighting Science Group Products 349
5.17.6 Lighting Science Group Target Markets And Customers 351
5.17.7 Lighting Science Group Strategic Plan 353
5.17.8 Lighting Science Issues Recall of 554,000 LED Bulbs Because Of Fire Hazard 354
5.18 Lightkiwi, LLC. 355
5.19 Litecontrol 355
5.19.1 Litecontrol Mission 355
5.19.2 Litecontrol Aerial Boasts Direct-specific Optical Design 357
5.20 Mitsubishi / Verbatim 357
5.20.1 Verbatim Brand 357
5.20.2 Verbatim LED Future Developments 358
5.21 Newport Corporation / ILX Lightwave 358
5.21.1 Newport Markets 359
5.21.2 Newport Corporation / ILX Lightwave 361
5.21.3 ILX Lightwave Product Innovation 361
5.22 Nichia 362
5.22.1 Nichia Patent Actions 362
5.23 Osram AG 365
5.23.1 Osram Sylvania 365
5.23.2 Osram Sylvania Automotive Lighting 367
5.23.3 Osram Sylvania General Lighting 367
5.23.4 Osram Sylvania Electronic Control Systems 368
5.23.5 Osram Sylvania Display / Optic Lighting 368
5.23.6 Osram Sylvania Canada 369
5.23.7 Osram Sylvania Basic Data 369
5.23.8 Osram Revenue Segments 372
5.23.9 Osram Revenue by Segments 374
5.24 Philips Lumileds 375
5.24.1 Philips Lumileds Quality White Lighting with LEDs 376
5.24.2 Philips Is World Leader In Cardiology 377
5.24.3 Philips Lumileds 377
5.25 Pluz S.A. de C.V. / NuVue 378
5.25.1 NuVue 378
5.26 Prolighting TCP 380
5.27 QD Vision 380
5.28 Siemens 381
5.28.1 Siemens Computed Tomography - Multislice CT 382
5.28.2 Siemens Financial Transparency 385
5.28.3 Siemens Urban Development Center - The Crystal - In London - Exhibition Dedicated To Cities 385
5.28.4 Siemens No. 1 in Sustainability - Carbon Disclosure 385
5.28.5 Siemens Q3 2012: Revenue Growth in Challenging Markets 385
5.28.6 Siemens Financial Highlights: 386
5.28.7 Siemens Supplies 300 Offshore Wind Turbines to DONG Energy - 386
5.29 Solid State Lighting Systems 387
5.30 Sony 388
5.30.1 Sony HD OLED panels 389
5.31 Soraa Inc 390
5.32 TCP 391
5.33 Thorlabs391
1.5.3 Thorlabs Acquires QCL Manufacturer Maxion Technologies 392
1.5.4 Maxion Technologies 393
1.5.5 Maxion Technologies 394
1.5.6 Maxion Technologies 395
1.5.7 Maxion and the University of Maryland, Baltimore County 398
5.34 Toshiba 398
5.34.1 Toshiba World-Leading Diversified Manufacturer 399
5.34.2 Toshiba Medical Systems 400
5.34.3 Toshiba America Medical Systems 402
5.35 Toyoda Gosei 402

LED Lighting List Of Tables and Figures

Table ES-1 31
LED Lamps and Bulbs Market Driving Forces 31
Table ES-2 35
LED Lamps Durability Drives Market Growth 35
Figure ES-3 37
Light Emitting Diodes (LED) Lights Market Shares, Dollars, 2012 37
Table ES-4 39
LED Lights Market Forecasts, Dollars, Shipments, Worldwide, 2013-2019 39
Table 1-1 43
LED System Dimension 43
Table 1-2 44
LED Design Dimension 44
Figure 1-3 45
LED Design Strength 45
Table 1-4 46
LED Quality Standards 46
Figure 1-5 47
LED Quality Dimension: Standards and Regulations 47
Table 1-6 48
LED Backlight TV/monitor - LEDs Used For Screen Lighting 48
Figure 1-7 49
Types of LED Commercial Lighting 49
Figure 1-8 51
Life-Cycle Assessment Impacts of the Lighting Lamps Analyzed Relative to Incandescent 51
Figure 1-9 53
Life-Cycle Assessment Impacts of the LED Lighting Lamps Analyzed Relative to Impacts Relative To The CFL 53
Figure 1-10 54
Lifecycle Energy Use of Different Lights 54
Figure 1-11 55
LCA Framework 55
Figure 1-12 56
System Boundaries of LED Lifecycle Analysis 56
Figure 1-13 57
Comparison of MOCVD Reactor Tray, 6” vs. 2” 57
Table 1-14 58
LCA Inventory for the 12.5 Watt LED Lamp in 2012 Stage 58
Table 2-1 64
LED Lamps and Bulbs Market Driving Forces 64
Table 2-2 68
LED Lamps Durability Drives Market Growth 68
Figure 2-3 70
Light Emitting Diodes (LED) Lights Market Shares, Dollars, 2012 70
Table 2-4 71
LED Lights Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2012 71
Philips Limileds LUXEON A Features 73
Table 2-5 73
Figure 2-6 81
Albemarle LED Positioning 81
Table 2-7 84
LED Lights Market Forecasts, Dollars, Shipments, Worldwide, 2013-2019 84
Table 2-8 85
LED Lighting, Dollars, Shipments, Worldwide, 2013-2019 85
Table 2-9 86
LED Lighting, Units, Shipments, Worldwide, 2013-2019 86
Figure 2-10 88
Projected LED Materials Growth 88
Figure 2-11 90
LED Light Market Penetration, Market Forecasts Percent, Worldwide, 2013-2019 90
Figure 2-12 92
LED Lights, Units, Shipments, Installed Base, and Market Penetration, Worldwide, 2013-2019 92
Figure 2-13 94
Comparison of LED vs. Incandescent Overall Costs for 50,000 Hours of Luminscence, Dollars, 2012 94
Table 2-14 95
LED Lights ROI Analysis Dollars, Worldwide, 2012 95
Figure 2-15 96
Incandescent Light Bulb Costs for 50,000 Hours of Light, Dollars, 2012 96
Figure 2-16 97
Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) Market Segments, Dollars, 2012 97
Figure 2-17 98
Incandescent and LED Lighting ROI Comparison, Energy, Maintenance, and Investment Dollars, Worldwide, 201298
Figure 2-18 99
Energy Star Qualified LED Lamps Increasing Over Time 99
Table 2-19 101
LED Lighting Business Models Shift 101
TABLE 2-5
PHILIPS LIMILEDS LUXEON A FEATURES
• Freedom From Binning — 3 SDCM
• Hot tested at Tj 85°C
• 2700K and 3000K CCT and CRI of 85
• Superior efficacy and light output
• Specified color over angle
• Proven LUXEON reliability
Table 2-20 102
Mega Trends: LED Market Adoption 102
Table 2-21 103
LED Uses: Backlight TV/monitor - LEDs Used For Screen Lighting 103
Table 2-22 103
LED Markets, Lighting, LCD and TV Displays, Automotive, Cell Phones, Notebooks, Tablets and Displays, Dollars and Units Shipments, Worldwide, 2013-2019 103
Figure 2-23 107
Common Uses of Reflector Lamps 107
Table 2-24 109
Lighting Energy Dimension 109
Figure 2-25 120
LED Lighting Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2012 120
Table 2-26 121
LED Lighting Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2012 121
Table 2-27 122
LED Lighting Global Trends 122
Table 2-28 125
Cree Revenue by Country Percent, Worldwide, 2007-2012 125
Figure 3-1 128
Lighting Science Group A19 / A60 Omni 128
Table 3-2 129
Lighting Science Group A19 / A60 Omni Features 129
Figure 3-3 129
Lighting Science Group BR20 129
Figure 3-4 130
Lighting Science Group DFN19 / A60 130
Figure 3-5 131
Lighting Science Group PAR16 131
Figure 3-6 132
Lighting Science Group BayLight 132
Table 3-7 133
Lighting Science Group BayLight Features 133
Figure 3-8 134
Lighting Science Group BayLume 134
Table 3-9 135
Lighting Science Group BayLume Features 135
Figure 3-10 136
Solid State Lighting Systems Tilelite 136
Figure 3-11 137
Solid State Lighting Systems LED Pool Lights 137
Figure 3-12 138
Solid State Lighting Systems Quad Tilelite 138
Figure 3-13 139
Bridgelux LS Arrays 139
Table 3-14 140
Bridgelux LS ArraysFeatures 140
Figure 3-15 141
Bridgelux ES Arrays 141
Table 3-16 142
Bridgelux ES Arrays Features 142
Figure 3-17 143
Bridgelux RS Arrays 143
Figure 3-18 144
Bridgelux RS Arrays Features 144
Figure 3-19 145
Bridgelux VeroTM Array Series 145
Table 3-20 146
Bridgelux VeroTM Array Series Features 146
Figure 3-21 147
Cree CR80-650L 147
Figure 3-22 148
Cree CR4 148
Figure 3-23 149
Cree 304 Series Interior 149
Figure 3-24 150
Cree CR80-650L 150
Figure 3-25 151
LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 1600-2400 nm spectral range 151
Table 3-26 152
LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 1600-2400 nm spectral range Features 152
Figure 3-27 153
LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 2800-5000 nm spectral range 153
Table 3-28 154
LED Microsensor NT Light Emitting Diodes for 2800-5000 nm spectral range 154
Figure 3-29 154
LED Microsensor NT LED Chip Design 154
Table 3-30 155
LED Microsensor NT LED Chip Design Features 155
Figure 3-31 156
Osram Sylvania Integrated LED Lamps 156
Figure 3-32 157
Osram Sylvania LED Modules and Arrays 157
Figure 3-33 159
Acuity Brands DOM6 LED 159
Figure 3-34 160
Acuity Brands REALITY 6" LED Module 160
Figure 3-35 161
Acuity Brands ELM2 LED 161
Figure 3-36 163
GE Lumination LED Luminaires - EP Series 163
Table 3-37 164
GE Lumination LED Luminaires - EP Series Features 164
Figure 3-38 165
GE Tetra AL10 165
Table 3-39 166
GE Tetra AL10 Features 166
Table 3-40 167
GE Tetra® miniMAX Features 167
Table 3-41 168
Philips Limileds LUXEON A Features 168
Table 3-42 169
Philips Limileds SignalSure Uses 169
Table 3-43 170
Philips Limileds SnapLED Uses 170
Table 3-44 170
Philips LUXEON® 3535 2D Mid-Power LED Features 170
Table 3-45 173
Toshiba offers TLS-RTLS and TLS-RTLM LED Roadway Lighting Features 173
Table 3-46 175
Toshiba LED Lighting Features 175
Table 3-47 176
Toshiba LED Lighting Applications - 176
Table 3-48 176
Toshiba LED Lighting Construction - 176
Table 3-49 177
Toshiba LED Lighting Mounting - 177
Table 3-50 178
Toshiba LED Lighting Optics - 178
Table 3-51 180
Toshiba Roadway LED Key Benefits 180
Table 3-52 181
Toshiba LED Lamps 181
Figure 3-53 185
Litecontrol Wall Arcos LED 185
Table 3-54 186
Litecontrol Wall Arcos LED 186
Figure 3-55 187
Litecontrol Aerial 187
Figure 3-56 188
Intematix ChromaLitâ„¢ 188
Table 3-57 189
Intematix ChromaLitâ„¢ 189
Table 3-58 192
QLED Benefits For The Solid State Lighting 192
Figure 3-59 194
QD Vision QLED performance 194
Table 3-60 196
QLED Technology Benefits In Color Displays / Lighting Devices 196
Figure 3-61 198
QD Vision QLEDS 198
Table 3-62 199
QLED Features 199
Figure 3-63 201
Prolighting TCP LEDs 201
Figure 3-64 203
Prolighting TCP LEDs 203
Figure 3-65 215
ATG Electronics LEDs 215
Figure 3-66 216
Utech Led Accessories 216
Figure 3-67 218
Advantech Lighting Solutions / NaturaLED 218
Figure 3-68 219
GreeneLED Sample Products 219
Figure 3-69 220
Lighting Science Group LED Lights 220
Figure 3-70 221
Lighting Science Group LED Lights 221
Table 3-71 222
Lighting Science Group MR16 GU10 Features 222
Figure 3-72 223
Lightkiwi, LLC. LED Lights 223
Table 3-73 224
Verbatim BR30 LED Bulb 224
Figure 3-74 225
NuVue MR16 6*1W (7W )Max 225
Figure 3-75 226
NuVue.LED 226
Figure 3-76 229
Bridgelux LED Arrays 229
Figure 2-77 233
Larson Electronics Tower LED Lights 233
Figure 3-78 237
Nichia LED Series Offerings 237
Figure 3-79 239
Toyoda Gosei Blue LED Technology Products 239
Figure 3-80 240
Toyoda Gosei LED Solutions 240
Figure 3-81 241
Toyoda Gosei Amusement Equipment LED Solutions 241
Figure 3-82 242
Epistar LEDs Lighting Arrangement 242
Figure 3-83 243
Epistar LED Lighting Potential 243
Figure 3-84 244
Epistar LED Lighting Decorations 244
Figure 3-85 245
Epistar LED Lighting 245
Figure 4-1 248
Energy Star Qualified LED Lamps 248
Table 4-2 249
Utility Investments In Electric Efficiency Programs 249
Source: WinterGreen Research, Inc. 249
Table 4-3 250
LED PAR38 and PAR30 Best in Class 250
Table 4-4 252
LED PAR30 Best in Class 252
Figure 4-5 253
Albemarle Well Positioned To Thrive As LED Market Adoption Occurs 253
Figure 4-6 255
Gains from Disruptive Manufacturing Technologies: GaN-on-GaN, GaN-on-Si 255
Figure 4-7 257
Soraa Inc LED Large Surface Area To Junction Area 257
Table 4-8 258
LED Colors and Common Chemistries 258
Figure 4-9 259
Global Lighting Association Solid State Lighting SSL Performance Roadmap 259
Figure 4-10 260
LED Lighting Controls 260
Table 4-11 261
LED Environmental Dimension 261
Table 4-12 262
Biologically Effective Lighting 262
Source: WinterGreen Research, Inc. 262
Table 4-13 263
LED Light Benefits 263
Source: WinterGreen Research, Inc. 263
Table 4-14 264
LED Biological Dimension Implementation 264
Figure 4-15 265
LED Biological Dimension Illustration 265
Figure 4-16 267
General Types of White Light Emitting Diodes LEDs 267
Figure 4-17 270
Stages And The Major Steps of LED Manufacturing 270
Figure 4-18 271
Steps Associated with Sapphire Wafer Substrate Manufacture 271
Figure 4-19 272
Philips Example of Finished Packaged LED 272
Figure 4-20 273
Efficacy of Conventional Light Sources Versus LEDs. 273
Figure 4-21 274
ATG Electronics Standards Compliance 274
Figure 5-1 278
Albemarle Well Positioned To Thrive As LED Market Adoption Occurs 278
Table 5-2 281
Albemarle Business Segments 281
Figure 5-3 281
Albemarle Refinery Catalyst Solutions 281
Figure 5-4 282
Albemarle Performance Catalyst Solutions 282
Figure 5-5 283
Albemarle Global Expansion 283
Table 5-6 286
Albemarle Process Additives 287
Figure 5-7 295
ATG Electronics Headquaters in California 295
Table 5-8 304
Cree Lighting Portfolio Of Lighting Products Applications. 304
Table 5-9 306
Cree LED Research and Development Issues 306
Figore 5-10 310
Epistar Management’s Beliefs 310
Figure 5-11 319
GE Scorecard 319
Figure 5-12 330
GE Healthcare Oxygen Humidifier 330
Table 5-13 331
GE Healthcare Oxygen Humidifier 331
Figure 5-14 332
GE Healthcare Air/O2 Blender 332
Figure 5-15 337
Intematix ChromaLit 337
Table 5-16 338
Intematix ChromaLit Future Features 338
Table 5-17 339
iWatt Mission 339
Table 5-18 342
iWatt iW3630 Key Features 342
Figure 5-19 344
Semiconductor wafer after the photolitography stage 344
Table 5-20 356
Litecontrol Values 356
Table 5-21 366
Osram Sylvania Business Sectors 366
Table 5-22 369
Osram Sylvania Basic Data 369
Figure 5-23 371
Osram Sylvania Revenue 371
Table 5-24 379
Nu Vue Lighting LLC Strategic Positioning 379
Figure 5-25 383
Siemens Somatom Computed Tomography CT 383
Table 5-26 391
Soraa GaN on GaNâ„¢ LEDs Benefits 391
Table 5-27 397
Maxion Technologies Laser Product Segment Positioning 397
Figure 5-28 401
Toshiba CT Scan Roadmap for Dose Reduction 401
Figure 5-29 402
Toshiba CT 402
Figure 5-30 403
Toyoda Gosei Business Performance 403
Figure 5-31 404
Toyoda Gosei Business Performance 404
Figure 5-32 405
Toyoda Gosei Principal Customers 405

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