Electric Vehicle Batteries

  • March 2014
  • -
  • Navigant Research
  • -
  • 91 pages

Lithium Ion Batteries for Hybrid, Plug-In Hybrid, and Battery Electric Vehicles: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts

Global automotive manufacturers are accelerating their efforts to produce more vehicles utilizing electric drivetrains. Many factors are contributing to this trend, including newly enacted fuel economy standards, greater confidence in electric-powered vehicles, and advances in battery technology. In 2012, Toyota launched the Plug-in Prius, powered for the first time with lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries. This shift from the well-established nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) batteries to Li-ion represented a major endorsement of the ability of this chemistry to perform consistently in an automotive environment. Since then, most of the other major OEMs have introduced battery electric vehicle (BEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) models, almost all of which use Li-ion batteries for onboard energy storage.

The immediate future looks to be secure for the Li-ion chemistry, though there are still many variants under development to improve performance and reduce cost. Improvements continue to be made and leading battery cell manufacturers have built new factories utilizing the latest production techniques, including greater automation and faster throughput. Navigant Research forecasts that the global market for Li-ion batteries in light duty consumer vehicles will grow from $3.2 billion in 2013 to $24.1 billion in 2023.

This Navigant Research report provides a detailed examination of the growing market for Li-ion batteries, including profiles of the leading Li-ion battery manufacturers and systems integrators. The study assesses the relative sizes of the battery markets for different vehicle types, as well as vehicle roadmaps and projected sales for BEVs, PHEVs, and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Global market forecasts for revenue from Li-ion batteries, segmented by vehicle type and region, extend through 2023. The report also includes a review of the different Li-ion battery chemistries and competing energy storage technologies, such as ultracapacitors and NiMH batteries.

Key Questions Addressed:

Have lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries become the industry standard for electric vehicles (EVs)?
Who are the leading Li-ion battery manufacturers?
Which key joint venture companies are working with OEMs and battery manufacturers?
What are the different chemistries in the EV battery market?
How will the cost per kilowatt-hour for Li-ion batteries change in the next several years?
Which vehicle segment offers the best opportunities for battery manufacturers?
What are the vehicle roadmaps for battery, plug-in hybrid, and hybrid electric vehicles (BEVs, PHEVs, and HEVs) through 2023?
What are the forecasts for revenue from Li-ion batteries through 2023?

Who needs this report?

Vehicle manufacturers
Vehicle fleet managers
Automotive industry suppliers
Battery suppliers
Government agencies
Investor community

Table Of Contents

1. Executive Summary
1.1 The Electric Vehicle Market
1.2 Energy Storage for EVs
1.3 Automotive Li-ion Battery Volume
1.4 World Market Highlights
2. Market Issues
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Advanced Batteries for the Transportation Market
2.3 Market Size and Segmentation
2.3.1 BEVs
2.3.2 PHEVs
2.3.3 HEVs
2.3.4 Stop-Start Vehicles
2.3.5 Commercial Vehicles
2.4 Power and Energy Requirements
2.5 Industry Growth Drivers
2.5.1 Emissions Reductions
2.5.2 Government Incentives
2.5.2.1 United States
2.5.2.2 Europe
2.5.2.3 China
2.5.2.4 Japan
2.5.2.5 South Korea
2.5.2.6 India
2.6 Different Finance Models
2.7 Battery Swapping
2.8 Grid Applications
2.8.1 Secondary Use of Batteries
2.8.2 Vehicle-to-Grid Power Delivery
2.9 Early Fleet Adopters of HEVs and PEVs
2.9.1 North America
2.9.2 China
2.9.3 Utilities
2.10 Transitioning from Early Adopters to Mainstream
2.10.1 Sensitivity to Fuel Prices
2.10.2 Ease of Purchase
2.10.3 Reliability
2.10.4 Resale Value
2.10.5 Limited Driving Range
2.11 Marketing and Commercialization
2.12 Value Chain of the Li-ion Battery Industry
2.12.1 Raw Materials
2.12.2 Cell Components and Electronics
2.12.3 Integrated Systems: Cell and Pack Manufacturers
2.12.4 Battery Manufacturer and OEM Joint Ventures
2.12.5 Materials Recycling
2.13 Requirements for Commercialization
2.13.1 Cost
2.13.2 Capacity
2.13.3 Weight and Size
2.13.4 Charge Rate
2.13.5 Performance
3. Technology Issues
3.1 Competing Energy Storage Technologies
3.1.1 Ultracapacitors
3.1.2 NiMH Batteries
3.1.3 Li-ion Batteries
3.1.4 Strengths and Weaknesses
3.2 Li-ion Batteries in Detail
3.2.1 Li-ion Battery Components
3.3 Competing Technologies in Development
3.3.1 Lithium-Air
3.3.2 Lithium Sulfur
3.3.3 Solid-State
3.4 Access to Lithium
3.5 Safety and Implementation
3.5.1 Battery Charging Levels
3.5.2 DC Fast Charging
3.5.3 Sensitivity to Temperature
4. Key Industry Players
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Battery Cell Manufacturers
4.2.1 A123 Systems
4.2.2 Altair Nanotechnologies
4.2.3 Boston-Power, Inc.
4.2.4 BYD
4.2.5 Electrovaya
4.2.6 GS Yuasa
4.2.7 Hitachi Automotive Systems
4.2.8 Johnson Controls
4.2.9 LG Chem/Compact Power
4.2.10 NEC
4.2.11 Panasonic
4.2.12 Samsung SDI
4.2.13 Toshiba
4.3 Battery Pack System Integrators
4.3.1 Automotive Energy Supply Corporation
4.3.2 Blue Energy
4.3.3 Deutsche ACCUmotive
4.3.4 Lithium Energy and Power GmbH
4.3.5 Magna E-Car
4.3.6 Primearth EV Energy Co.
4.3.7 Robert Bosch Battery Systems
4.3.8 SK Continental E-motion
4.4 Automotive Manufacturers
4.4.1 BMW
4.4.2 Chery
4.4.3 Daimler
4.4.4 Fiat Chrysler
4.4.5 Ford
4.4.6 General Motors
4.4.7 Honda
4.4.8 Hyundai
4.4.9 Mazda
4.4.10 Mitsubishi
4.4.11 Nissan
4.4.12 PSA Peugeot-Citroën
4.4.13 Renault
4.4.14 Tesla
4.4.15 Toyota
4.4.16 Volkswagen/Audi
4.4.17 Volvo
4.4.18 ZAP
4.5 Other Industry Players
4.5.1 China BAK Battery
4.5.2 XALT Energy
5. Market Forecasts
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Global EV Market
5.3 Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the BEV Segment
5.4 Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the PHEV Segment
5.5 Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the HEV Segment
5.6 Li-ion Transportation Battery Market in the SSV Segment
5.7 Overall Market Assessment
5.8 Conclusions and Recommendations
6. Company Directory
7. Acronym and Abbreviation List
8. Table of Contents
9. Table of Charts and Figures
10. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

Total Li-ion Vehicle Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Commercial Fleet BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Stop-Start Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
Total Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023

List of Tables

Vehicle Battery Capacities by Selected HEV and PEV Models: 2014
Installed New Capacity of Li-ion Batteries for Energy Storage Applications, World Markets: 2014-2022
Estimated Component Costs, 25 kWh LMO Battery Pack, World Markets: 2014
Production of Passenger PHEVs and BEVs by Make and Model, World Markets: MY 2014
Roadmap of Passenger PHEVs and BEVS by Model: 2015 and Beyond
Selected Hybrid Trucks Available by Manufacturer, World Markets: 2013
Selected PHEV Trucks Available or Being Developed by Drivetrain Manufacturer, World Markets: 2014
Selected BEV Trucks Available or Being Developed by Drivetrain Manufacturer, World Markets: 2013
Selected PHEV and BEV Trucks in Service or Pending Deployment by Location, World Markets: 2013
U.S. DOE Stimulus Grants for Battery Manufacturing by Company: 2014
Energy Storage Type Comparison: 2014
Characteristics of Commercial Ultracapacitors by Manufacturer: 2012
Characteristics of NiMH Batteries in Vehicle Applications by Battery Maker: 2012
Light Duty Consumer BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Commercial Fleet BEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Commercial Fleet PHEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Commercial Fleet HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Commercial Fleet BEV, PHEV, and HEV Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue Including SSVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Commercial Fleet Vehicle Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Commercial Fleet Vehicle Li-ion Battery Sales Revenue Percentage of Total by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Commercial Fleet Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer BEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer PHEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Consumer HEV Li-ion Transportation Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue Including SSVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity Including SSVs by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
Total Vehicle Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Energy Storage Technology Strengths and Weaknesses
Ranking of Li-ion Technology Options by Property: 2014
Total Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
Characteristics of Li-ion Battery Chemistries
Adoption of Li-ion Battery Chemistry by Battery Vendor and Vehicle OEM
Li-ion Battery Components, Functions, and Materials
Major Cathode Chemistries for Li-ion Batteries: 2014
Key EV Battery Player Map: 2014
Vehicle Battery Details by Selected HEV and PEV Models: 2014
Li-ion Battery Price by Battery Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Medium/Heavy Duty Vehicle Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty SSV Li-ion Transportation Battery Energy Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Total Light Duty Consumer Vehicle Li-ion Battery Capacity Percentage by Powertrain Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Sales by Region, World Markets: 2013-2023
Annual Growth in Total Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Sales by Region, World Markets: 2014-2023
Light Duty SSV Li-ion Battery Revenue by Country, World Markets: 2013-2023

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