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Finland - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

  • November 2014
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 88 pages

Finland continuing to be a mobile technology pioneer with 5G investment
Finland's telecom market is among the more progressive in Europe, with considerable emphasis by both the regulator and operators to test-bed technologies, particularly in the mobile sector, and to provide additional spectrum for telecom services. Supported by effective cross-platform competition and astute regulatory measures, the country enjoys among the highest broadband and mobile penetration rates in the region. Digital media developments have progressed well since broadcasting was entirely digitised in early 2008, ahead of most other European countries.

The government has set an ambitious target to deliver 100Mb/s to all premises by 2015. The incumbent, TeliaSonera, is the dominant player in the DSL sector, while there is also a vibrant cable network presence in urban areas. The completed digital 450MHz network provided the country with the world's first national wireless broadband network, while recent spectrum auctions will ensure that most of the population will benefit from commercial LTE services.

Finland also retains one of most advanced mobile markets in Europe. The country was the first to deploy 3G over 900MHz spectrum, and more recently it has auctioned spectrum in the 800MHz to extend the availability of LTE services nationally. The Finnish vendor Nokia Networks is also involved in developing 5G technologies. Growth in the number of mobile subscribers has stalled, in line with the high penetration, while the market has shifted to mobile data and mobile broadband. Market competition has helped keep mobile call charges among the lowest among EU member states. Regulated tariffs and termination rates have also put revenue pressure on MNOs.

Key developments:
Regulator proposes reduction in copper and fibre LLU charges; government develops Information Society Code; Sonera acquires AinaCom's consumer operations and fixed networks; DNA completes acquisition of TDC's Finnish businesses, upgrades broadband network to 200Mb/s, acquires Plus TV, launches pay-TV service; TV licence fee replaced with new tax; Ukko Mobile contracts Huawei to develop an LTE450 network; Sonera and DNA sign a mobile network sharing deal affecting sparsely populated Northern and Eastern Finland; Nokia to develop a trial 5G data network; MTRs reduced, effective to November 2015; MNP conditions revised; regulator auctions 800MHz for LTE; DNA expands HSPA+/LTE to half of the population; Anvia pilots LTE network using the 700MHz band; regulator's H1 2014 market data; telcos' financial and operating data to Q3 2014; recent market developments.

Companies and subsidiaries mentioned in this report include:
TeliaSonera, Finnet Group, DNA, Elisa, TDC Finland, Tele2, Helsinki Television, Sonera Cable, Canal+, Yleisradio, Digita
Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table Of Contents

Finland - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts
1. Key Statistics
2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Overview of Finland's telecom market
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 History
3.1.1 New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
3.1.2 Revised NFR
3.2 Regulatory authorities
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Finland
3.3.1 Privatisation of Telecom Finland
3.3.2 Interconnect
3.3.3 Access
3.3.4 Number portability (NP)
3.3.5 Carrier preselection
4. Fixed Network Operators
4.1 Overview and statistics
4.2 TeliaSonera
4.3 Finnet Group
4.4 DNA
4.5 Elisa Corporation
4.6 TDC Finland
4.7 Tele2
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.2 Next Generation Networks
5.3 International infrastructure
5.4 Smart metering
6. Broadband Market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 National Broadband Strategy
6.1.2 Universal Service
6.1.3 Broadband statistics
6.2 Cable modems
6.2.1 DNA
6.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
6.3.1 Very High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
6.6 Mobile broadband
6.7 Wireless broadband
6.7.1 Wireless LANS
6.7.2 WiMAX/WiFi
6.7.3 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
6.7.4 G.fast
7. Digital Media
7.1 Key general trends
7.2 Business models bundled services
7.3 Digital TV
7.3.1 Overview
7.3.2 National licences
7.3.3 Regional licences
7.3.4 Digital dividend
7.3.5 Broadband (IPTV)
7.3.6 Cable TV
7.3.7 Satellite-based digital pay-TV developments
7.3.8 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
7.3.9 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
7.3.10 VoIP
7.3.11 Interactive TV (iTV)
8. Mobile Communications
8.1 Overview of Finland's mobile market
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.1.2 Operator market shares
8.2 Regulatory issues
8.2.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
8.2.2 Roaming
8.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
8.2.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
8.2.5 Network sharing
8.3 Mobile technologies
8.3.1 Digital
8.3.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
8.4 Major mobile operators
8.4.1 TeliaSonera
8.4.2 DNA
8.4.3 Elisa
8.4.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
8.5 Mobile voice services
8.5.1 Prepaid cards
8.6 Mobile Messaging
8.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
8.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
8.7 Mobile data services
8.7.1 Overview
8.7.2 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
8.7.3 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
8.7.4 High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
8.7.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
8.7.6 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
8.7.7 5G developments
8.7.8 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex Access (OFDMA)
8.7.9 Unlicensed Mobile Access (UMA)
8.8 Mobile content and applications
8.8.1 Location based services
8.8.2 Mobile TV
8.8.3 M2M
9. Forecasts
9.1 Forecasts Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2009 - 2012; 2020
9.1.1 Scenario 1 higher broadband subscriber growth
9.1.2 Scenario 2 lower broadband subscriber growth
9.2 Forecasts Mobile
9.2.1 Forecasts Mobile ARPU 2009 - 2010; 2015
9.2.2 Forecasts UMTS subscribers 2009 - 2010; 2015
Table 1 Country statistics 2014 (e)
Table 2 Telecom revenue and investment statistics 2013
Table 3 Telephone network statistics 2014 (e)
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2014 (e)
Table 5 Broadband statistics 2014 (e)
Table 6 Mobile statistics 2013 (e)
Table 7 National telecommunications authorities
Table 8 ARPU by sector 2010 2013
Table 9 Telecom revenue 2003 2014
Table 10 Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile 2006 - 2014
Table 11 Telecom revenue: retail and wholesale 2009 - 2013
Table 12 Price differential for telephony services 2007 - 2012
Table 13 Price differential for data services 2007 - 2012
Table 14 Household penetration rate of select telecom services 2009 - 2012
Table 15 Telecom investment by sector 2009 - 2013
Table 16 TeliaSonera LLU accesses 2006 - 2013
Table 17 Average LLU access pricing - copper 2009 - 2014
Table 18 Average LLU access pricing - fibre 2010 - 2014
Table 19 Fixed-line operators' market share 2005 - 2013
Table 20 Fixed-line traffic in minutes 2006 - 2015
Table 21 Relative change to mobile voice and data traffic 2008 - 2013
Table 22 TeliaSonera (Finland) revenue, service revenue, EBITDA 2012 - 2014
Table 23 TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue 2006 - 2014
Table 24 TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector 2002 - 2014
Table 25 DNA financial data 2008 - 2014
Table 26 DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) 2008 - 2014
Table 27 DNA subscribers by sector 2007 - 2014
Table 28 Elisa fixed network subscribers by sector 2004 - 2014
Table 29 Elisa Group revenue by sector 2004 2014
Table 30 Elisa Group financial data 2008 - 2014
Table 31 TDC Finland financial data 2007 - 2014
Table 32 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 - 2015
Table 33 Broadband market share by sector 2008 2012
Table 34 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1995 - 2004
Table 35 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 - 2014
Table 36 Broadband subscribers by platform; cable, DSL 2000 - 2014
Table 37 Housing corporation broadband subscribers (regulator data) 2006 - 2013
Table 38 Broadband penetration by technology 2004 - 2013
Table 39 Broadband residential adoption by type of connection 2010 2013
Table 40 Proportion of fixed-line broadband speed by rate 2009 - 2013
Table 41 Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) 2009 - 2013
Table 42 Broadband connections by data rate 2009 - 2013
Table 43 Proportion of broadband connections by data rate (%) 2009 - 2013
Table 44 Broadband market share by operator 2006 - 2013
Table 45 DNA broadband subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 46 Elisa broadband subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 47 TeliaSonera internet and broadband subscribers 2002 - 2014
Table 48 TeliaSonera broadband ARPU 2006 - 2014
Table 49 Forecast broadband delivery by technology 2015
Table 50 Fibre broadband subscribers 2009 - 2015
Table 51 BPL subscribers 2004 - 2014
Table 52 Mobile broadband subscribers 2007 - 2013
Table 53 WLAN subscribers 2004 - 2014
Table 54 Digital TV subscribers and penetration rate 2003 - 2014
Table 55 Digital TV reception by technology 2008 - 2014
Table 56 TV and radio revenue 2003 2014
Table 57 IPTV subscribers 2011 - 2015
Table 58 Historic - Cable TV subscribers and penetration 1995 - 2004
Table 59 Cable TV subscribers and penetration 2005 - 2015
Table 60 Sonera Cable TV subscribers 2008 - 2014
Table 61 Elisa cable TV subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 62 DNA cable TV subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 63 Historic - Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate 1995 - 2004
Table 64 Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2014
Table 65 Historic - Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue 1998 - 2004
Table 66 Mobile revenue as proportion of total telecom revenue 2005 - 2014
Table 67 Mobile network revenue 2006 - 2014
Table 68 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2004
Table 69 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2004 - 2015
Table 70 Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks 2006 - 2013
Table 71 Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) 2006 - 2013
Table 72 European roaming charges 2007 - 2014
Table 73 European SMS roaming charges ( cents) 2012 - 2014
Table 74 European data roaming charges ( cents) 2012 - 2014
Table 75 Annual mobile numbers ported 2003 - 2011
Table 76 MTRs by operator 2006 - 2014
Table 77 TeliaSonera Finland mobile financial data 2005 - 2014
Table 78 TeliaSonera Finland blended ARPU 2003 - 2014
Table 79 TeliaSonera Finland mobile subscribers 2002 - 2014
Table 80 DNA annualised monthly ARPU 2007 - 2014
Table 81 DNA mobile subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 82 Elisa mobile financial data 2004 - 2014
Table 83 Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia 2004 - 2014
Table 84 Elisa mobile operating statistics 2008 - 2014
Table 85 Elisa annualised ARPU 2008 - 2014
Table 86 SMS messages sent and annual change 1999 - 2013
Table 87 MMS messages sent and annual change 2003 - 2013
Table 88 Mobile data sent 2006 - 2014
Table 89 Mobile data subscriptions by type 2006 - 2013
Table 90 Annual growth in mobile data sent 2009 - 2014
Table 91 Relative change to fixed-line traffic in minutes 2008 - 2013
Table 92 Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers higher market growth scenario 2007 - 2013; 2015; 2020
Table 93 Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers lower market growth scenario 2010 - 2013; 2015; 2020
Table 94 Forecast mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2010; 2015
Table 95 Forecast UMTS subscribers 2006 - 2010; 2015
Chart 1 Telecom revenue, fixed-line and mobile 2006 - 2014
Chart 2 Fixed-line operators' market share 2005 - 2013
Chart 3 TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue 2006 - 2014
Chart 4 TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector 2002 - 2014
Chart 5 DNA financial data 2008 - 2014
Chart 6 DNA revenue by sector (consumer and business) 2008 2014
Chart 7 DNA subscribers by sector 2007 2014
Chart 8 Elisa cable TV and broadband subscribers 2004 - 2014
Chart 9 Elisa revenue by sector 2004 - 2014
Chart 10 Elisa Group financial data 2008 - 2014
Chart 11 TDC Finland financial data 2007 - 2014
Chart 12 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 2015
Chart 13 Internet users and penetration rate 2003 - 2014
Chart 14 Broadband subscribers and penetration rate cable, DSL 2002 - 2014
Chart 15 Broadband market share by operator 2006 - 2013
Chart 16 Cable TV subscribers and penetration 2002 - 2015
Chart 17 Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate 2003 - 2014
Chart 18 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2003 - 2015
Chart 19 Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks 2006 - 2013
Chart 20 Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) 2006 - 2013
Chart 21 MTRs by operator 2006 - 2014
Chart 22 DNA mobile subscribers 2007 - 2014
Chart 23 Elisa mobile financial data 2004 - 2014
Chart 24 Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia 2004 - 2014
Chart 25 Elisa annualised ARPU 2008 2014
Exhibit 1 EU NRF
Exhibit 2 Access and the local loop
Exhibit 3 2.6GHz auction results 2009
Exhibit 4 Sample 3G infrastructure suppliers in Finland

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