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France - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

  • June 2014
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 161 pages

Mobile market price competition leads to further consolidation
France has one of the largest telecoms market in Europe, supported by a population of around 63 million. The incumbent, France Telecom/Orange, is one of the world's major players with interests in markets across Europe, the Middle East and francophone Africa. The telco's market dominance has been eroded through increasing competition from a number of major players, in turn encouraging it to invest in a national fibre network to improve its network capabilities and consumer offerings.

France has the third largest broadband subscriber base in Europe. DSL dominates broadband access, and though the cable footprint only reaches about 40% of the population the main cableco Numéricable has upgraded its network to compete with DSL, and has itself entered the DSL market through the acquisition of DSL-based market players. Fibre deployment has developed a significant and growing market presence in recent years, supported by an effective regulatory and legislative regime which promotes fibre network sharing and optimises operators' investment strategies.
France is also one of Europe's key markets for telecom convergence and bundled services, and has Europe's largest IPTV sector. The success of service bundles largely rests on fierce competition which has reduced the cost of bundles while raising the quantity and quality of services offered.

The mobile phone market, worth some €15 billion in 2013, has undergone significant changes in recent years. The regulator was keen to promote the entry of a new player, and the subsequent efforts of Free Mobile resulted in price competition between the MNOs Orange, SFR and Bouygues Telecom. SFR became the main casualty of this process, with the operator being sold to Numéricable in early 2014. The deal will go far to introducing further market consolidation and to encouraging operators to provide a full range of services to customers to secure a competitive edge.

Key developments:

SRF and Bouygues Telecom sign network sharing deal; auction for 700MHz anticipated later in 2014; 4G available nationally; Vivendi sells SFR to Altice Group; Bouygues Telecom joins the Telefonica Partners Program; Virgin Mobile launches quad-play service; Bouygues Telecom buy's KPN's MVNO Simyo; Vivendi acquires 20% stake in Canal+ France held by Lagardère Group; DVB-T2 standard may be adopted by end-2015; Orange TV migrates to single access platform; regulator consults on FttDP architecture; Free launches 1Gb/s service; Orange invests €2 billion to provide 15 million households with FttP by 2015; regulator consults on 3.5GHs spectrum for broadband use; government promotes €20 billion investment for national FttP network by 2023; Orange signs joint network deals with Iliad, SFR and Bouygues to expand FttP in rural areas; regulator's market data to December 2013; telcos' operating data to Q1 2014; market developments to May 2014; regulator's market data updates to December 2013; operator data to Q1 2014; market developments to May 2014.

Companies and subsidiaries covered in this report include:

France Telecom/Orange, SFR, Free Mobile, Bouygues Telecom, Canal+, Iliad, Numéricable, Vivendi, TPS, AB Group, TNTSat, Canal+.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table Of Contents

France - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts
1. Key Statistics
2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Overview of France's telecom market
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 History
3.1.1 Revised NFR
3.2 National legal framework
3.3 France NumErique 2012
3.4 Regulatory authority
3.4.1 Communications and Postal Regulatory Authority (ARCEP)
3.5 Telecom sector liberalisation in France
3.5.1 Privatisation of France Telecom
3.5.2 Interconnect
3.5.3 Access
3.5.4 Number Portability (NP)
3.5.5 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
4. Fixed Network Operators
4.1 Market overview
4.2 Orange (France Telecom)
4.2.1 Performance into 2014
4.2.2 Difficulties ahead
4.2.3 International strategies
4.2.4 2015 Action Plan
4.2.5 Rebranding
4.3 SFR
4.3.1 Acquisition of neuf Cegetel
4.3.2 Buyout of Vodafone
4.4 Free (Iliad)
4.5 Bouygues Telecom
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.2 Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
5.3 International infrastructure
5.3.1 Submarine cable networks
5.3.2 Satellite networks
5.3.3 Wholesaling
5.3.4 Cloud services
6. Broadband Market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Local Loop Unbundling (LLU)
6.1.2 Wholesale access
6.1.3 Bitstream access
6.1.4 Regulatory issues
6.1.5 Leased line market
6.2 Broadband statistics
6.3 Cable modems
6.3.1 Cable network agreements
6.3.2 Cable consolidation
6.3.3 Numericable
6.4 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
6.4.1 Providers
6.4.2 ADSL2+
6.4.3 READSL2
6.4.4 Very High Data Rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
6.4.5 Symmetric Digital Subscriber Lines (SDSL)
6.4.6 Vectored DSL
6.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
6.6 Fibre market
6.6.1 Overview
6.6.2 Regulatory issues
6.6.3 Regional support
6.6.4 Local authorities
6.7 Fibre-to-the-Premise (FttP) networks
6.7.1 Statistics
6.7.2 Orange
6.7.3 Iliad (Free)
6.7.4 SFR
6.7.5 Numericable
6.7.6 Bouygues Telecom
6.7.7 British Telecom (BT)
6.7.8 Municipal projects
6.7.9 Fibre network sharing
6.8 Wireless broadband
6.8.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
6.8.2 WiMAX players
6.8.3 WLAN/WiFi
6.8.4 Free
6.8.5 Public Analogue Mobile Radio (PAMR)
6.8.6 Internet via satellite
6.8.7 Mobile broadband
7. Digital Media
7.1 Overview
7.2 Key general trends
7.3 Business models
7.3.1 Bundled services
7.3.2 Numericable
7.4 Regulator issues
7.4.1 VoIP
7.5 Digital TV
7.5.1 Overview
7.5.2 Broadband TV (IPTV)
7.5.3 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
7.5.4 VoIP
7.5.5 Interactive TV (iTV)
7.5.6 Cable TV (CATV)
7.5.7 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
7.5.8 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
7.5.9 Free-to-Air (FTA)
8. Mobile Communications
8.1 Overview of France's mobile market
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.1.2 Operator market shares
8.2 Regulatory issues
8.2.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
8.2.2 Mobile termination rates (MTR)
8.2.3 SMS interconnection
8.2.4 Roaming
8.2.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
8.2.6 Fixed-Mobile Convergence (FMC)
8.3 Mobile technologies
8.3.1 Digital
8.3.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
8.4 Major mobile operators
8.4.1 Orange
8.4.2 SFR
8.4.3 Free Mobile
8.4.4 Bouygues Telecom
8.4.5 MVNOs
8.5 Mobile voice services
8.5.1 Prepaid
8.6 Overview of France's mobile data services market
8.7 Mobile technologies
8.7.1 Third Generation (3G) mobile
8.7.2 700MHz
8.7.3 Spectrum allocations
8.7.4 790-862MHz
8.7.5 900MHz
8.7.6 1800MHz
8.7.7 2.6GHz
8.8 Mobile Messaging
8.8.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
8.8.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
8.9 Mobile data services
8.9.1 General Packet Radio Services (GPRS)
8.9.2 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
8.9.3 High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
8.9.4 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
8.9.5 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
8.9.6 Vodafone 360
8.9.7 Application stores
8.9.8 Femtocells
8.9.9 Mobile TV
8.10 Mobile content and applications
8.10.1 Location based services
8.10.2 Near Field Communication (NFC)
8.10.3 Mobile satellite services
8.10.4 Mobile VoIP
8.10.5 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
9. Forecasts
9.1 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2009 - 2012; 2020
9.1.1 Scenario 1 higher growth broadband subscriber growth
9.1.2 Scenario 2 lower broadband subscriber growth
9.2 Forecasts mobile ARPU 2009-2015
9.3 Forecasts UMTS subscribers to 2015
9.4 Forecasts Mobile TV subscribers to 2015
Table 1 Country statistics 2013 (e)
Table 2 Telecom revenue and investment statistics 2013
Table 3 Telephone network statistics 2013
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2012
Table 5 Broadband statistics 2013
Table 6 Mobile statistics 2013
Table 7 National telecommunications authorities
Table 8 Telecom service investment 2002 - 2012
Table 9 End-user traffic volume in minutes by sector 2002 - 2013
Table 10 End-user traffic growth by sector 2002 - 2013
Table 11 Proportion of telecom revenue by sector 2009 - 2013
Table 12 End-user telecom market value by sector 2003 - 2013
Table 13 End-user telecom market value annual change 2003 - 2013
Table 14 Fixed lines subscriptions by type 2003 - 2013
Table 15 Fixed-call termination charges 2008 - 2013
Table 16 Interconnect revenue 2007 - 2013
Table 17 Interconnect traffic 2007 - 2013
Table 18 Access lines, LLU and bitstream (regulator data) 2008 - 2013
Table 19 Fixed numbers ported annually 2006 - 2013
Table 20 Indirect connections 2005 - 2013
Table 21 Annual change in carrier preselection usage 2002 - 2012
Table 22 Orange customers by sector (France) 2006 - 2014
Table 23 Orange retail PSTN lines 2007 - 2014
Table 24 Orange Group financial data by sector 2008 - 2014
Table 25 Orange (domestic) financial data 2007 - 2014
Table 26 France Telecom (domestic) telecom capex 2008 - 2013
Table 27 France Telecom retail and wholesale lines 2006 - 2014
Table 28 SFR subscribers 2006 - 2013
Table 29 SFR financial data 2005 - 2013
Table 30 SFR telecom capex 2008 - 2013
Table 31 neuf Cegetel financial data (historic) 2006 - 2007
Table 32 neuf Cegetel subscribers (historic) 2006 - 2008
Table 33 Free financial data and annual change 2006 - 2013
Table 34 Free telecom capex 2007 2013
Table 35 Free DSL, LLU subscribers 2005 - 2013
Table 36 Free subscribers by sector 2011 - 2013
Table 37 Bouygues Telecom subscribers by sector 2005- 2013
Table 38 Bouygues Telecom financial data 2005 - 2013
Table 39 Fixed-line revenue (outbound) 2004 - 2013
Table 40 Fixed-lines in service 2011 - 2013
Table 41 Proportion of fixed lines by technology 2004 - 2012
Table 42 France Telecom wholesale broadband lines 2005 - 2014
Table 43 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1995 - 2004
Table 44 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 - 2014
Table 45 Historic - Percentage of households with internet access 1997 - 2004
Table 46 Percentage of households with internet access 2005 - 2014
Table 47 Access lines, LLU and bitstream (regulator data) 2008 - 2013
Table 48 Internet revenue by access type 1998 - 2013
Table 49 Dial-up internet subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 50 Dial-up internet traffic 2005 - 2014
Table 51 Broadband subscribers by type and penetration 2000 - 2014
Table 52 Broadband penetration 2000 - 2014
Table 53 Broadband penetration by technology 2007 - 2013
Table 54 Cable modem subscribers 2000 - 2013
Table 55 Numericable financial data 2008 - 2013
Table 56 Numericable revenue by segment 2010 - 2013
Table 57 Numericable RGUs by service 2009 - 2013
Table 58 DSL subscribers 2000 - 2014
Table 59 Orange DSL subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 60 Free financial data and annual change 2006 - 2013
Table 61 Free broadband subscribers 2005 - 2013
Table 62 Free proportion unbundled subscribers 2005 - 2013
Table 63 SFR broadband subscribers 2004 - 2013
Table 64 SFR revenue 2005 - 2013
Table 65 Bouygues Telecom broadband subscribers 2010- 2012
Table 66 FttP premises through network sharing 2010 - 2013
Table 67 High-speed broadband lines, by data rate 2008 2013
Table 68 FttP equipped and passed buildings 2008 - 2013
Table 69 Orange fibre subscribers 2006 - 2014
Table 70 Free projections - Paris fibre 2006; 2008; 2010; 2012; 2014
Table 71 Fibre network sharing subscriptions and homes passed 2009 - 2013
Table 72 Orange satellite broadband subscribers 2008 - 2014
Table 73 Orange mobile broadband subscribers 2004 - 2011
Table 74 IPTV subscribers, proportion of DSL base 2004 - 2013
Table 75 Orange IPTV/satellite subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 76 Orange Cinema Series' and Sport subscribers (historic) 2009 - 2011
Table 77 Free broadband subscribers 2005 - 2011
Table 78 VoD market value 2008 - 2014
Table 79 VoIP lines and traffic in minutes 2004 - 2013
Table 80 VoIP traffic as proportion to all traffic 2004 - 2013
Table 81 Orange VoIP and Livebox subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 82 Cable pay TV subscribers and penetration 1997 2011; 2015
Table 83 Satellite pay TV subscribers and penetration 1997 2011; 2015
Table 84 Canal+ Group revenue 2005 - 2013
Table 85 Canal + subscribers 2006 - 2013
Table 86 Orange pay-TV subscribers 2007 - 2011
Table 87 Mobile sector investment 2007 - 2014
Table 88 Total mobile revenue 2006 - 2014
Table 89 Average monthly bill, ARPU - 2006 - 2012
Table 90 Historic - Mobile subscribers (national) and penetration rate 1999 - 2004
Table 91 Mobile subscribers (national) and penetration rate 2005 - 2014
Table 92 Mobile services revenue 1998 - 2014
Table 93 Mobile service revenue by type; annual change 2011 - 2013
Table 94 Mobile service revenue annual change 2011 - 2013
Table 95 Data as proportion of mobile service revenue 2004 - 2014
Table 96 Mobile services traffic in minutes 1998 - 2014
Table 97 Mobile voice traffic in minutes 2006 - 2013
Table 98 Mobile operator market share 2005 - 2012
Table 99 Mobile termination charges 2005 - 2013
Table 100 Mobile interconnection revenue 2003 - 2012
Table 101 European roaming charges 2007 - 2014
Table 102 Mobile roaming in revenue and traffic in minutes 2003 - 2013
Table 103 Annual mobile numbers ported 2004 2013
Table 104 Active 3G subscribers and annual change 2007 - 2013
Table 105 Orange mobile subscribers (France) 2005 - 2014
Table 106 Orange voice and data ARPU (Q4) 2005 2012
Table 107 Orange blended, contract, prepaid ARPU (Q4) 2005 - 2014
Table 108 Orange mobile consumer revenue 2005 - 2014
Table 109 Orange mobile customer churn 2003 2014
Table 110 Orange mobile customer acquisition costs 2007 - 2013
Table 111 SFR mobile annualised ARPU 2005 - 2013
Table 112 SFR revenue 2004 - 2013
Table 113 SFR subscribers 2006 - 2013
Table 114 Free Mobile mobile subscribers 2012 - 2013
Table 115 Free Mobile mobile revenue 2012 - 2013
Table 116 Bouygues Telecom subscribers 2005 - 2013
Table 117 Bouygues Telecom mobile ARPU 2007 - 2013
Table 118 Bouygues Telecom financial data 2005 - 2013
Table 119 MNO and MVNO subscribers (metropolitan) 2005 - 2013
Table 120 MVNO market share (metropolitan) 2005 - 2013
Table 121 Prepaid and contract subscribers (national) 2005 2013
Table 122 Percentage of prepaid versus contract subscribers 1999 - 2013
Table 123 Data market revenue 2002 - 2014
Table 124 Data as proportion of mobile service revenue 2004 2013
Table 125 Mobile services revenues by sector 2007 - 2012
Table 126 Active 3G subscribers and annual change 2007 - 2013
Table 127 Annual growth of active 3G subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 128 2.6GHz spectrum results Sep 2011
Table 129 SMS traffic volume (national) 2004 - 2013
Table 130 Annual SMS volume (national) 2003 - 2014
Table 131 SMS user market growth (national) 2002 - 2012
Table 132 Mobile multimedia users (metropolitan) 2004 2014
Table 133 Annual MMS volume 2000 - 2014
Table 134 Mobile data traffic 2008 - 2014
Table 135 Orange mobile broadband subscribers 2004 - 2011
Table 136 Orange mobile subscribers (France) 2005 - 2014
Table 137 Orange voice and data ARPU (Q4) 2005 2012
Table 138 Orange data revenue as % of total 2005 - 2012
Table 139 Orange mobile consumer revenue 2005 - 2014
Table 140 SFR revenue 2004 - 2013
Table 141 SFR annualised mobile ARPU 2005 - 2013
Table 142 SFR subscribers 2006 - 2013
Table 143 LTE base stations in service by operator April 2014
Table 144 M2M cards in use 2010 - 2013
Table 145 Forecast broadband subscribers higher market growth scenario 2007 - 2012; 2020
Table 146 Forecast broadband penetration higher market growth scenario 2007 - 2012; 2020
Table 147 Forecast broadband subscribers lower market growth scenario 2007 - 2012; 2020
Table 148 Forecast broadband penetration lower market growth scenario 2007 - 2012; 2020
Table 149 Forecast mobile ARPU 2011 - 2015
Table 150 Forecast UMTS subscriber growth 2010 - 2015
Table 151 Forecast mobile TV subscribers 2010 - 2015
Chart 1 Telecom service investment 2002 2012
Chart 2 End-user traffic volume in minutes by sector 2002 2013
Chart 3 Proportion of telecom revenue by sector 2009 2013
Chart 4 End-user telecom market value by sector 2003 2013
Chart 5 Fixed lines subscriptions by type 2003 2013
Chart 6 Indirect connections 2006 - 2013
Chart 7 Orange customers by sector (France) 2006 2014
Chart 8 Orange Group financial data 2008 2014
Chart 9 Orange (domestic) financial data 2007 2014
Chart 10 France Telecom retail and wholesale lines 2006 2014
Chart 11 SFR subscribers 2006 - 2013
Chart 12 SFR financial data 2005 - 2013
Chart 13 Free financial data 2006 2013
Chart 14 Bouygues Telecom financial data 2005 2013
Chart 15 France Telecom wholesale broadband lines 2005 2014
Chart 16 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 2014
Chart 17 Broadband subscribers by type and penetration 2003 2014
Chart 18 Numericable RGUs by service 2009 2013
Chart 19 IPTV subscribers, proportion of DSL base 2004 2013
Chart 20 Orange VoIP and Livebox subscribers 2005 - 2014
Chart 21 Cable pay TV subscribers and penetration 1997 2011; 2015
Chart 22 Satellite pay TV subscribers and penetration 1997 2011; 2015
Chart 23 Average monthly bill and ARPU - 2006 2012
Chart 24 Mobile subscribers (national) and penetration rate 2005 2014
Chart 25 Mobile voice traffic in minutes 2006 2013
Chart 26 Mobile operator market share 2005 2012
Chart 27 Mobile termination charges 2005 - 2013
Chart 28 Mobile roaming in revenue and traffic in minutes 2003 - 2013
Chart 29 Active 3G subscribers and annual change 2007 - 2013
Chart 30 Orange mobile subscribers (France) 2005 2014
Chart 31 Orange voice and data ARPU (Q4) 2005 2012
Chart 32 Orange blended, contract, prepaid ARPU 2005 2014
Chart 33 Orange mobile customer acquisition costs 2007 - 2013
Chart 34 SFR revenue 2005 - 2013
Chart 35 SFR subscribers 2006 - 2013
Chart 36 Bouygues Telecom financial data 2005 2013
Chart 37 MNO, MVNO subscribers (metropolitan) 2005 - 2013
Chart 38 Prepaid and contract subscribers (national) 2005 2013
Chart 39 Data market revenue 2003 2014
Chart 40 Active 3G subscribers and annual change 2007 - 2013
Chart 41 Quarterly SMS traffic volume; SMS/user/month (national) 2004 - 2013
Chart 42 Mobile multimedia users (metropolitan) 2004 2014
Chart 43 Orange mobile subscribers (France) 2005 2014
Chart 44 Orange voice and data ARPU (Q4) 2005 2012
Chart 45 SFR revenue 2005 - 2013
Chart 46 SFR subscribers 2006 - 2013
Chart 47 Forecast mobile TV subscribers 2010 - 2015
Exhibit 1 EU The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
Exhibit 2 Access and the local loop
Exhibit 3 Principal FttP and FttC (FttLA) deployments - 2014
Exhibit 4 Overview of digital media
Exhibit 5 3G licensees
Exhibit 6 Operating MVNOs and network provider 2014
Exhibit 7 Operators GPRS and GPRS/WiFi launch dates

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