The term “Wireless Network Infrastructure” has conventionally been associated with macrocell Radio Access Network (RAN) and mobile core network infrastructure, which SNS Research estimates to account for nearly $52 Billion in spending by the end of 2014.

However, the scope of the term is expanding as wireless carriers increase their investments in Heterogeneous Network or HetNet infrastructure encompassing WiFi, small cells, Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS), Remote Radio Heads (RRH) and the emerging Cloud RAN concept. Driven by the promise of added capacity and coverage with minimum investment in additional spectrum, HetNet infrastructure is expected to account for nearly $17 Billion in spending by the end of 2014.

While macrocell RAN spending is forecast to decline at a CAGR of 3% over the next 6 years, SNS Research estimates that the overall wireless network infrastructure market encompassing macrocell RAN, HetNet, mobile core and backhaul infrastructure will witness tremendous growth over the coming years. Growing at a CAGR of over 5%, the market will account for over $104 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2020.

Complimenting this growth would be over $1 Billion worth of annual R&D investments on 5G mobile technology by wireless carriers, vendors and vertical market players alike, in a bid to further enhance the capacity, speed and performance of future mobile networks.

The “Wireless Network Infrastructure Bible: 2014 – 2020 - Macrocell RAN, Small Cells, RRH, DAS, Cloud RAN, Carrier WiFi, Mobile Core & Backhaul” report presents an in-depth assessment of 9 individual submarkets of the wireless network infrastructure opportunity. Besides analyzing the key market drivers, challenges, operator revenue potential, regional CapEx commitments, expert interviews and vendor strategies, the report also presents revenue and unit shipment forecasts for the market from 2014 to 2020 at a regional as well as a global scale. Historical figures are also provided for 2010, 2011 and 2013.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from over 400 numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Topics Covered

The report covers the following topics:
• Up-to-date coverage of market dynamics allowing wireless network infrastructure vendors to analyze the opportunities and challenges of selling to wireless carriers in different regional markets
• Analysis of demand and supply of wireless infrastructure and the strategies of the key vendors. Research includes quantitative and qualitative market assessments as well as the forecasts of market trends, technology requirements and deployment strategies
• Market analysis and forecasts for 9 individual submarkets and their subcategories: macrocell Radio Access Network (RAN), mobile core, macrocell backhaul, Remote Radio Heads (RRH), Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS), small cell RAN, cloud RAN, small cell backhaul and carrier WiFi
• Exclusive interview transcripts from 2 of the largest wireless network infrastructure vendors; Ericsson and NSN
• Mobile network CapEx commitments per region
• Mobile network subscriptions, traffic projections and service revenue by technology and region
• An assessment of 5G technology, initiatives and R&D commitments

Historical Revenue & Forecast Segmentation
Market forecasts and historical revenue/unit shipment figures are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:
• Submarkets
Macrocell RAN
Small Cell RAN
Remote Radio Heads (RRH)
Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS)
Cloud RAN
Carrier WiFi
Mobile Core
Macrocell Backhaul
Small Cell Backhaul

The following regional and technology markets are also covered:
• Regional Markets
Asia Pacific
Eastern Europe
Latin & Central America
Middle East & Africa
North America
Western Europe

• Technology Markets
GSM
CDMA/CDMA2000/EV-DO
W-CDMA/HSPA
LTE FDD
TD-LTE
WiMAX
WiFi

Key Questions Answered

The report answer the following key questions:
• What are the key market drivers and challenges for SDN, NFV and the wider network virtualization ecosystem?
• How is the 2G, 3G & 4G wireless infrastructure market evolving by segment and region? What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
• What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
• How will the market shape for small cell infrastructure and other HetNet deployments such as DAS and cloud RAN?
• How will WiFi fit into future mobile network architectures for access and offload?
• Who are the key vendors in the market, what is their market share and what are their strategies?
• What strategies should be adopted by wireless carriers and infrastructure vendors to remain a dominant market force?
• Which 2G, 3G & 4G technology constitutes the highest amount of spending and how will this evolve overtime?
• How will LTE deployments proceed, and how long will GSM, HSPA and CDMA technologies co-exist with LTE?
• When will WiMAX infrastructure spending diminish?
• What is the global and regional outlook for each individual sub-market including macrocell RAN, small cells, RRH, DAS, cloud RAN, carrier WiFi, mobile core, macrocell backhaul and small cell backhaul?
• What is the opportunity for the mobile backhaul market, and what new backhaul solutions are evolving?
• Do emerging virtualization technologies such as Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) pose a threat to traditional wireless infrastructure vendors?
• How much will vendors and operators invest in 5G R&D?
• How low is the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of a HetNet deployment in comparison to a homogeneous macrocell only RAN network?

Key Findings

The report has the following key findings:
• Between 2014 and 2020, the 2G, 3G & 4G wireless network infrastructure market is expected to grow at a CAGR of nearly 5%
• Vendors are increasing their focus on profit margins. Many are already cutting staff, embracing operational excellence, evolving their new business models, acquiring niche businesses and expanding their managed services offerings
• New CapEx commitment avenues such as HetNet infrastructure and virtualization will usher industry restructuring. The wireless network infrastructure market will consolidate so as to eliminate one of the current global players by 2020
• As wireless carriers look to offload traffic from their overburdened macrocell infrastructure, HetNet infrastructure will represent a market worth $43 Billion in 2020
• Operators will ramp up on backhaul, aggregation, transport, routing based on IP and Ethernet technologies for offering mobile broadband services
• Developing market growth will be a significant factor during the forecast period, with China and India seeing some of the highest levels of growth, both in terms of shipments and in the size of their installed base. After 2014, developing countries and their requirements will begin to shape future infrastructure technologies and architectures
• Due to the investments in a single RAN technology, future LTE investments will cost much less than early investments of the technology
• Supplemented with a drive towards virtualization, a limited amount of hardware installation will be needed when wireless carriers upgrade to LTE in the future
• From 2016 onwards wireless carriers and vendors will spend at least $1 Billion per annum in R&D spending to drive standardization and commercialization of 5G technology
• Voice over LTE (VoLTE) subscriptions will surpass 700 Million by 2020

Table Of Contents

1 Chapter 1: Introduction
1,1 Executive Summary
1,2 Topics Covered
1,3 Historical Revenue and Forecast Segmentation
1,4 Key Questions Answered
1,5 Key Findings
1,6 Methodology
1,7 Target Audience
1,8 Companies and Organizations Mentioned

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of Wireless Network Infrastructure
2,1 What is the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market?
2,2 2G: GSM and CDMA
2.2.1 2G Trends and Developments
2.2.2 2G Market Summary
2,3 3G: W-CDMA, TD-SCDMA and CDMA2000
2.3.1 3G Trends and Developments
2.3.2 3G Market Summary
2,4 4G: LTE, LTE-A and WiMAX
2.4.1 4G Trends and Developments
2.4.2 4G Market Summary
2,5 Macrocell RAN Market for 2G/3G/4G
2.5.1 Macrocell RAN Trends and Developments
2,6 HetNet RAN Market for 2G/3G/4G
2.6.1 HetNet RAN Trends and Developments
2.6.2 Small Cells
2.6.3 DAS
2.6.4 Cloud RAN
2.6.5 Carrier WiFi
2,7 Mobile Core
2.7.1 Mobile Core Trends and Developments
2,8 Mobile Backhaul
2.8.1 Mobile Backhaul Trends and Developments

3 Chapter 3: Market Drivers, Barriers and Risks
3,1 Market Drivers
3.1.1 Mobile Subscriptions Growth
3.1.1.1 Asia Pacific
3.1.1.2 Eastern Europe
3.1.1.3 Latin and Central America
3.1.1.4 Middle East and Africa
3.1.1.5 North America
3.1.1.6 Western Europe
3.1.2 Smartphone and Tablet Proliferation
3.1.3 Growing Penetration of Mobile Broadband
3.1.4 Mobile Data Traffic Growth
3.1.5 Interest from Vertical Markets
3.1.6 Reducing the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)
3.1.7 Replacement of TDM with Ethernet: Continued Growth in Backhaul
3.1.8 Advances in Spectrum Flexibility and Carrier Aggregation: Driving HetNet Deployments
3.1.9 Strategic Choice for CDMA and WiMAX Operators: Join Mainstream Ecosystem
3.1.10 Address 2G/3G Network Congestion
3.1.11 Bringing Broadband to the Masses
3.1.12 Trend Summary: Which Segments of the Wireless Infrastructure Market Will Witness Growth?
3,2 Barriers and Risks
3.2.1 CapEx Commitments
3.2.2 Spectrum Scarcity
3.2.3 RAN Sharing: A Concept Embraced by Operators
3.2.4 Operators Are Finding Innovative Ways to Address Capacity Issues
3.2.5 Social, Political, Economic and Environmental Threats
3.2.6 Country Specific Risks
3,3 Key Strategic Options for Operators
3,4 Business Case for Investments in New and Existing Technologies
3.4.1 Gain Operational Efficiencies Through Strategic Investments
3.4.2 Invest in Capacity for Increased Revenue Opportunities
3.4.3 Deliver Best User Experience
3.4.4 Reduce Competitive Threats
3.4.5 Reserve Network Capacity the M2M Opportunities
3.4.6 Increase Customer Satisfaction
3.4.7 Capitalize on Differentiation Strategies
3.4.8 Evolve towards the Next Generation

4 Chapter 4: Mobile Network CapEx Review
4,1 Global Mobile Network CapEx
4,2 Regional Split
4,3 Top 10 Operators
4.3.1 China Mobile
4.3.2 China Unicom
4.3.3 ATandT Mobility
4.3.4 Verizon Wireless
4.3.5 NTT DoCoMo
4.3.6 SoftBank
4.3.7 Sprint
4.3.8 KDDI
4.3.9 T-Mobile USA
4.3.10 SK Telecom
4,4 Asia Pacific Mobile Network CapEx
4,5 Eastern Europe Mobile Network CapEx
4,6 Latin and Central America Mobile Network CapEx
4,7 Middle East and Africa Mobile Network CapEx
4,8 North America Mobile Network CapEx
4,9 Western Europe Mobile Network CapEx

5 Chapter 5: Mobile Network Subscriptions and Service Revenue Review
5,1 Global Mobile Network Subscriptions
5,2 Global Mobile Network Service Revenue
5,3 Segmentation by Technology
5.3.1 Mobile Network Subscriptions by Technology
5.3.2 Mobile Network Service Revenue by Technology
5,4 GSM Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,5 iDEN Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,6 CDMA Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,7 W-CDMA/HSPA Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,8 TD-SCDMA Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,9 FDD LTE Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5.10 TD-LTE Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,11 WiMAX Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,12 Regional Split
5.12.1 Mobile Network Subscriptions by Region
5.12.2 Mobile Network Service Revenue by Region
5,13 Service Split
5.13.1 Mobile Network Service Revenue by Service Type
5.13.2 Voice Service Revenue
5.13.3 SMS/MMS Service Revenue
5.13.4 Mobile Broadband Service Revenue
5,14 Asia Pacific Mobile Network Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,15 Eastern Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,16 Latin and Central America Mobile Network Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,17 Middle East and Africa Mobile Network Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,18 North America Mobile Network Subscriptions and Service Revenue
5,19 Western Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions and Service Revenue

6 Chapter 6: Industry Roadmap and Value Chain
6,1 Industry Roadmap
6.1.1 Initial LTE FDD Rollouts: 2010 - 2011
6.1.2 Rise of the HetNet Ecosystem: 2012 - 2013
6.1.3 A Wave of TD-LTE Deployments: 2014 - 2016
6.1.4 Moving Towards “Software Centric” Networking: 2017 - 2019
6.1.5 Start of the 5G Era: 2020 and Beyond
6,2 Value Chain
6,3 Embedded Technology Ecosystem
6.3.1 Chipset Developers
6.3.2 Embedded Component/Software Providers
6,4 RAN Ecosystem
6.4.1 Macrocell RAN OEMs
6.4.2 ‘Pure-Play’ and Specialist Small Cell OEMs
6.4.3 WiFi Access Point OEMs
6.4.4 DAS and Repeater Solution Providers
6.4.5 Cloud RAN Solution Providers
6.4.6 Other Technology and Network Component Providers/Enablers
6,5 Mobile Backhaul Ecosystem
6.5.1 Backhaul Solution Providers
6,6 Mobile Core Ecosystem
6.6.1 Core Network Infrastructure and Software Providers
6,7 Connectivity Ecosystem
6.7.1 2G, 3G and 4G Wireless Carriers
6.7.2 WiFi Connectivity Providers
6.7.3 Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Providers
6,8 SON Ecosystem
6.8.1 SON Solution Providers
6,9 SDN and NFV Ecosystem
6.9.1 SDN and NFV Providers

7 Chapter 7: Expert Opinion - Interview Transcripts
7,1 Ericsson
7,2 Nokia Solutions and Networks (NSN)

8 Chapter 8: Vendor Landscape
8,1 Alcatel-Lucent
8.1.1 Portfolio
8.1.2 Strategy
8.1.3 Market Momentum
8,2 Cisco
8.2.1 Portfolio
8.2.2 Strategy
8.2.3 Market Momentum
8,3 Ericsson
8.3.1 Portfolio
8.3.2 Strategy
8.3.3 Market Momentum
8,4 Huawei
8.4.1 Portfolio
8.4.2 Strategy
8.4.3 Market Momentum
8,5 Nokia Solutions and Networks (NSN)
8.5.1 Portfolio
8.5.2 Strategy
8.5.3 Market Momentum
8,6 Samsung
8.6.1 Portfolio
8.6.2 Strategy
8.6.3 Market Momentum
8,7 ZTE
8.7.1 Portfolio
8.7.2 Strategy
8.7.3 Market Momentum
8,8 Vendor Outlook
8.8.1 Pricing
8.8.2 Portfolio Diversification
8,9 Vendor Ranking
8.9.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core
8.9.2 Small Cell RAN
8.9.3 Carrier WiFi
8.9.4 Mobile Backhaul

9 Chapter 9: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts
9,1 Market Definition
9,2 Decomposing the Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market
9,3 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core
9.3.1 2G/3G vs. 4G Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core Revenue
9.3.2 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core Revenue by Region
9,4 Macrocell RAN Submarket
9.4.1 Macrocell RAN Revenue
9.4.2 Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments
9.4.3 Segmentation by Infrastructure Component
9.4.4 Segmentation by Region
9.4.5 Segmentation by Technology
9.4.6 Base Station Segmentation by Region
9.4.7 Base Station Segmentation by Technology
9.4.8 GSM Base Station Shipments and Revenue
9.4.9 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Station Shipments and Revenue
9.4.10 TD-SCDMA Base Station Shipments and Revenue
9.4.11 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Station Shipments and Revenue
9.4.12 LTE FDD Base Station Shipments and Revenue
9.4.13 TD-LTE Base Station Shipments and Revenue
9.4.14 WiMAX Base Station Shipments and Revenue
9.4.15 Base Station Controller Segmentation by Region
9.4.16 Base Station Controller Segmentation by Technology
9.4.17 GSM Base Station Controller Revenue
9.4.18 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller Revenue
9.4.19 TD-SCDMA Base Station Controller Revenue
9.4.20 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue
9,5 Mobile Core Submarket
9.5.1 Segmentation by Region
9.5.2 Segmentation by Technology
9.5.3 3G Packet Core Submarket
9.5.4 WiMAX ASN and CSN Submarket
9.5.5 EPC Submarket
9,6 Home Location Register (HLR) Submarket
9.6.1 Segmentation by Region
9,7 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS) Submarket
9.7.1 Segmentation by Region
9.7.2 Segmentation by Submarket
9.7.3 Mobile Switching Center
9.7.4 Mobile Soft Switch
9,8 Small Cell RAN Submarket
9.8.1 Small Cell Revenue
9.8.2 Small Cell Unit Shipments
9.8.3 Segmentation by Region
9.8.4 Segmentation by Air Interface Technology
9.8.5 GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Unit Shipments and Revenue
9.8.6 CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Unit Shipments and Revenue
9.8.7 LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments and Revenue
9.8.8 TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments and Revenue
9.8.9 WiMAX Small Cell Unit Shipments and Revenue
9.8.10 Segmentation by Cell Size
9.8.11 Microcell Unit Shipments and Revenue
9.8.12 Picocell Unit Shipments and Revenue
9.8.13 Femtocell Unit Shipments and Revenue
9,9 Carrier WiFi Submarket
9.9.1 Carrier WiFi Revenue
9.9.2 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments
9.9.3 Segmentation by Region
9.9.4 Segmentation by Equipment Type
9.9.5 Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments and Revenue
9.9.6 Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments and Revenue
9.9.7 Segmentation by Integration Approach
9.9.8 Managed WiFi Offload Access Point Unit Shipments and Revenue
9.9.9 Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments and Revenue
9.10 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Submarket
9.10.1 Segmentation by Region
9,11 Remote Radio Head (RRH) Submarket
9.11.1 Remote Radio Head (RRH) Revenue
9.11.2 Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipments
9.11.3 Segmentation by Region
9,12 Macrocell Backhaul Submarket
9.12.1 Segmentation by Region
9.12.2 Segmentation by Technology
9.12.3 ATM
9.12.4 Coaxial Cable
9.12.5 DSL
9.12.6 Ethernet over Copper
9.12.7 Ethernet over Fiber
9.12.8 Microwave Radio
9.12.9 PDH
9.12.10 PON
9.12.11 Satellite
9.12.12 SONET, SDH and WDM
9.12.13 WiMAX
9,13 Small Cell Backhaul Submarket
9.13.1 Segmentation by Region
9.13.2 Segmentation by Technology
9.13.3 Ethernet over Copper
9.13.4 Ethernet over Fiber
9.13.5 DSL
9.13.6 NLOS Microwave (Below 6 GHz)
9.13.7 PTP Microwave (6-60 GHz)
9.13.8 PTMP Microwave (6-60 GHz)
9.13.9 Millimeter Wave (unlicensed 60 GHz)
9.13.10 Millimeter Wave (licensed 71-76, 81-86 GHz)
9.13.11 Satellite

10 Chapter 10: Regional Market Analysis and Forecasts
10,1 Asia Pacific
10.1.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core
10.1.2 Macrocell RAN
10.1.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations
10.1.4 GSM Base Stations
10.1.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations
10.1.6 TD-SCDMA Base Stations
10.1.7 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations
10.1.8 LTE FDD Base Stations
10.1.9 TD-LTE Base Stations
10.1.10 WiMAX Base Stations
10.1.11 Base Station Controller
10.1.12 GSM Base Station Controller
10.1.13 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller
10.1.14 TD-SCDMA Base Station Controller Revenue
10.1.15 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue
10.1.16 Mobile Core
10.1.17 3G Packet Core
10.1.18 WiMAX ASN and CSN
10.1.19 EPC
10.1.20 Home Location Register (HLR)
10.1.21 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS)
10.1.22 Small Cell RAN
10.1.23 Carrier WiFi
10.1.24 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS)
10.1.25 Remote Radio Head (RRH)
10.1.26 Macrocell Backhaul
10.1.27 Small Cell Backhaul
10,2 Eastern Europe
10.2.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core
10.2.2 Macrocell RAN
10.2.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations
10.2.4 GSM Base Stations
10.2.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations
10.2.6 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations
10.2.7 LTE FDD Base Stations
10.2.8 TD-LTE Base Stations
10.2.9 WiMAX Base Stations
10.2.10 Base Station Controller
10.2.11 GSM Base Station Controller
10.2.12 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller
10.2.13 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue
10.2.14 Mobile Core
10.2.15 3G Packet Core
10.2.16 WiMAX ASN and CSN
10.2.17 EPC
10.2.18 Home Location Register (HLR)
10.2.19 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS)
10.2.20 Small Cell RAN
10.2.21 Carrier WiFi
10.2.22 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS)
10.2.23 Remote Radio Head (RRH)
10.2.24 Macrocell Backhaul
10.2.25 Small Cell Backhaul
10,3 Latin and Central America
10.3.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core
10.3.2 Macrocell RAN
10.3.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations
10.3.4 GSM Base Stations
10.3.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations
10.3.6 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations
10.3.7 LTE FDD Base Stations
10.3.8 TD-LTE Base Stations
10.3.9 WiMAX Base Stations
10.3.10 Base Station Controller
10.3.11 GSM Base Station Controller
10.3.12 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller
10.3.13 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue
10.3.14 Mobile Core
10.3.15 3G Packet Core
10.3.16 WiMAX ASN and CSN
10.3.17 EPC
10.3.18 Home Location Register (HLR)
10.3.19 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS)
10.3.20 Small Cell RAN
10.3.21 Carrier WiFi
10.3.22 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS)
10.3.23 Remote Radio Head (RRH)
10.3.24 Macrocell Backhaul
10.3.25 Small Cell Backhaul
10,4 Middle East and Africa
10.4.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core
10.4.2 Macrocell RAN
10.4.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations
10.4.4 GSM Base Stations
10.4.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations
10.4.6 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations
10.4.7 LTE FDD Base Stations
10.4.8 TD-LTE Base Stations
10.4.9 WiMAX Base Stations
10.4.10 Base Station Controller
10.4.11 GSM Base Station Controller
10.4.12 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller
10.4.13 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue
10.4.14 Mobile Core
10.4.15 3G Packet Core
10.4.16 WiMAX ASN and CSN
10.4.17 EPC
10.4.18 Home Location Register (HLR)
10.4.19 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS)
10.4.20 Small Cell RAN
10.4.21 Carrier WiFi
10.4.22 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS)
10.4.23 Remote Radio Head (RRH)
10.4.24 Macrocell Backhaul
10.4.25 Small Cell Backhaul
10,5 North America
10.5.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core
10.5.2 Macrocell RAN
10.5.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations
10.5.4 GSM Base Stations
10.5.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations
10.5.6 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations
10.5.7 LTE FDD Base Stations
10.5.8 TD-LTE Base Stations
10.5.9 WiMAX Base Stations
10.5.10 Base Station Controller
10.5.11 GSM Base Station Controller
10.5.12 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller
10.5.13 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue
10.5.14 Mobile Core
10.5.15 3G Packet Core
10.5.16 WiMAX ASN and CSN
10.5.17 EPC
10.5.18 Home Location Register (HLR)
10.5.19 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS)
10.5.20 Small Cell RAN
10.5.21 Carrier WiFi
10.5.22 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS)
10.5.23 Remote Radio Head (RRH)
10.5.24 Macrocell Backhaul
10.5.25 Small Cell Backhaul
10,6 Western Europe
10.6.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core
10.6.2 Macrocell RAN
10.6.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations
10.6.4 GSM Base Stations
10.6.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations
10.6.6 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations
10.6.7 LTE FDD Base Stations
10.6.8 TD-LTE Base Stations
10.6.9 WiMAX Base Stations
10.6.10 Base Station Controller
10.6.11 GSM Base Station Controller
10.6.12 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller
10.6.13 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue
10.6.14 Mobile Core
10.6.15 3G Packet Core
10.6.16 WiMAX ASN and CSN
10.6.17 EPC
10.6.18 Home Location Register (HLR)
10.6.19 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS)
10.6.20 Small Cell RAN
10.6.21 Carrier WiFi
10.6.22 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS)
10.6.23 Remote Radio Head (RRH)
10.6.24 Macrocell Backhaul
10.6.25 Small Cell Backhaul

11 Chapter 11: Prospects of the 5G Market
11.1 5G Standardization and Research Initiatives
11.1.1 METIS
11.1.2 5GPP
11.1.3 Korea’s 5G Forum
11.1.4 Japan’s ARIB 2020 and Beyond AdHoc
11.1.5 China’s IMT 2020
11,2 How much is being Invested in 5G RandD?
11,3 5G Requirements
11,4 Vertical Industries to Play a Key Role
11,5 SDN Capabilities Considered Inherit for 5G
11,6 Spectrum Aggregation is a Necessity
11,7 Authorized Shared Access (ASA)
11,8 Will 5G be a New Air Interface?
11,9 5G Demonstrations
11.9.1 Samsung
11.9.2 NSN
11.9.3 Huawei
11.10 Global Harmonization Prospects

12 Chapter 12: Conclusion and Strategic Recommendations
12,1 Enterprise RAN Deployments Gain Traction
12,2 Is Mobile Network Virtualization a Threat to the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market?
12,3 Wireless Incumbents Could Face Cloud Rivals: Thanks to SDN and NFV
12,4 Spectrum: Driving Continued Acquisitions by Incumbent Operators
12,5 LTE-A: Upgrades for Capacity and Coverage Boosts
12,6 China’s TDD Spectrum Allocation: Starting an Era of Large-Scale TD-LTE Deployments
12,7 Smart Cities: Wireless Infrastructure Vendors to Lead the Way
12,8 Standardization Driving RAN and WiFi Integration
12,9 Vendors Bringing LTE-Broadcast into Focus
12.10 Vendor Specific HetNet Offerings: Disrupting Traditional Network Architectures
12,11 Operators Will Strive for Agility
12,12 SWOT Analysis
12,13 Strategic Recommendations
12.13.1 Recommendations for Operators
12.13.2 Recommendations for Infrastructure Vendors

List of Figures

Figure 1: Subsegments of the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market
Figure 2: Global GSM Networks: 1991 - 2014
Figure 3: Global GSM Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 4: Global W-CDMA and HSPA Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 5: Global W-CDMA and HSPA Subscriptions (%): 2014
Figure 6: Global LTE Commercial Network Launches: 2009 - 2014
Figure 7: Macrocell RAN Component Segmentation by Technology
Figure 8: HetNet RAN Component Segmentation by Technology
Figure 9: Global Voice over LTE (VoLTE) User Forecast: 2013 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 10: Mobile Backhaul Segmentation by Technology
Figure 11: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 12: LTE Penetration by Region: 2010 - 2020 (%)
Figure 13: LTE Penetration in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 (%)
Figure 14: LTE Penetration in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 (%)
Figure 15: LTE Penetration in Latin and Central America: 2010 - 2020 (%)
Figure 16: LTE Penetration in Middle East and Africa: 2010 - 2020 (%)
Figure 17: LTE Penetration in North America: 2010 - 2020 (%)
Figure 18: LTE Penetration in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 (%)
Figure 19: Global Smartphone and Tablet Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units)
Figure 20: Global Smartphone vs. Feature and Basic Phone Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units)
Figure 21: Global Mobile Broadband and Voice Service Revenue Compared: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 22: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Exabytes)
Figure 23: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Access Network Type: 2010 - 2020 (Exabytes)
Figure 24: Private Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 25: Average Annual Traffic and Revenue Growth Compared for a Tier 1 Operator: 2010 - 2014 (%)
Figure 26: TCO Comparison for 2G, 3G, LTE and HetNet Deployments ($ per GB)
Figure 27: Strategic Options for Operators
Figure 28: Global Mobile Network CapEx: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 29: Mobile Network CapEx by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 30: Mobile Network CapEx for Top 10 Operators ($ Billion)
Figure 31: China Mobile CapEx Commitments ($ Billion)
Figure 32: China Unicom CapEx Commitments ($ Billion)
Figure 33: ATandT Mobility CapEx Commitments ($ Billion)
Figure 34: Verizon Wireless CapEx Commitments ($ Billion)
Figure 35: NTT DoCoMo CapEx Commitments ($ Billion)
Figure 36: SoftBank CapEx Commitments ($ Billion)
Figure 37: Sprint CapEx Commitments ($ Billion)
Figure 38: KDDI CapEx Commitments ($ Billion)
Figure 39: T-Mobile USA CapEx Commitments ($ Billion)
Figure 40: SK Telecom CapEx Commitments ($ Billion)
Figure 41: Asia Pacific Mobile Network CapEx: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 42: Eastern Europe Mobile Network CapEx: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 43: Latin and Central America Mobile Network CapEx: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 44: Middle East and Africa Mobile Network CapEx: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 45: North America Mobile Network CapEx: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 46: Western Europe Mobile Network CapEx: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 47: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 48: Global Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 49: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions by Technology: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 50: Global Mobile Network Service Revenue by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 51: GSM Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 52: GSM Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 53: iDEN Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 54: iDEN Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 55: CDMA Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 56: CDMA Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 57: W-CDMA/HSPA Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 58: W-CDMA/HSPA Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 59: TD-SCDMA Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 60: TD-SCDMA Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 61: FDD LTE Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 62: FDD LTE Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 63: TD-LTE Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 64: TD-LTE Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 65: WiMAX Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 66: WiMAX Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 67: Mobile Network Subscriptions by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 68: Mobile Network Service Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 69: Mobile Network Subscriptions by Service Type: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 70: Mobile Network Voice Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 71: Mobile Network SMS/MMS Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 72: Mobile Network Broadband Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 73: Asia Pacific Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 74: Asia Pacific Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 75: Eastern Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 76: Eastern Europe Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 77: Latin and Central America Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 78: Latin and Central America Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 79: Middle East and Africa Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 80: Middle East and Africa Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 81: North America Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 82: North America Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 83: Western Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions)
Figure 84: Western Europe Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)
Figure 85: The Wireless Network Infrastructure Industry Roadmap: 2014 - 2020
Figure 86: The Wireless Network Infrastructure Value Chain
Figure 87: Embedded Technology Ecosystem Players
Figure 88: Macrocell RAN Ecosystem Players
Figure 89: Specialist Small Cell RAN Ecosystem Players
Figure 90: Carrier WiFi Ecosystem Players
Figure 91: DAS and Repeater Ecosystem Players
Figure 92: Cloud RAN Ecosystem Players
Figure 93: Mobile Backhaul Ecosystem Players
Figure 94: Mobile Core Ecosystem Players
Figure 95: List of LTE Trials and Deployments
Figure 96: SON Ecosystem Players
Figure 97: SDN and NFV Ecosystem Players
Figure 98: Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%)
Figure 99: Mobile Core Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%)
Figure 100: LTE Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%)
Figure 101: WiMAX Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%)
Figure 102: 2G and 3G Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%)
Figure 103: Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%)
Figure 104: Carrier WiFi Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%)
Figure 105: Mobile Backhaul Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%)
Figure 106: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 107: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market Share by Submarket: 2014 (%)
Figure 108: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market Share by Submarket: 2020 (%)
Figure 109: Global Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 110: Global 2G/3G vs. 4G Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 111: Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 112: Global Macrocell RAN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 113: Global Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020
Figure 114: Global Macrocell RAN Revenue by Infrastructure Component: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 115: Macrocell RAN Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 116: Global Macrocell RAN Revenue by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 117: Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020
Figure 118: Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 119: Global Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments by Technology: 2010 - 2020
Figure 120: Global Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 121: GSM Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020
Figure 122: GSM Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 123: CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020
Figure 124: CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 125: TD-SCDMA Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020
Figure 126: TD-SCDMA Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 127: W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020
Figure 128: W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 129: LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020
Figure 130: LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 131: TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020
Figure 132: TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 133: WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020
Figure 134: WiMAX Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 135: Macrocell Base Station Controller Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 136: Global Macrocell Base Station Controller Revenue by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 137: GSM Base Station Controller Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 138: CDMA2000 Base Station Controller Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 139: TD-SCDMA Base Station Controller Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 140: W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 141: Global Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 142: Mobile Core Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 143: Global Mobile Core Revenue by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 144: Global 3G Packet Core Revenue by Submarket: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 145: 3G Packet Core Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 146: Global WiMAX ASN and CSN Revenue by Submarket: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 147: WiMAX ASN and CSN Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 148: EPC Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 149: Global Home Location Register (HLR) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 150: Home Location Register (HLR) Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 151: Global Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 152: Mobile Switching Subsystem Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 153: Global Mobile Switching Subsystem Revenue by Submarket: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 154: Global Mobile Switching Center Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 155: Global Mobile Soft Switch Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 156: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 157: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 158: Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 159: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 160: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 161: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 162: Global GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 163: Global GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 164: Global CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 165: Global CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 166: Global LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 167: Global LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 168: Global TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 169: Global TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 170: Global WiMAX Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 171: Global WiMAX Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 172: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Cell Size: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 173: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Size: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 174: Global Microcell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 175: Global Microcell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 176: Global Picocell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 177: Global Picocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 178: Global Femtocell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 179: Global Femtocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 180: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 181: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 182: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 183: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 184: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments by Equipment Type: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 185: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue by Equipment Type: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 186: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 187: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 188: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 189: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 190: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments by Integration Approach: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 191

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