Plastics for Healthcare Packaging

  • July 2013
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 226 pages

This report provides:

- An overview of the market for plastics in the packaging of healthcare products, segmented by pharmaceutical and medical packaging.
- Analyses of market trends, with data from 2012, estimates for 2013, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2018.
- Coverage of the most important economic, technological, regulatory, and environmental considerations in U.S. markets for the use of plastics to package healthcare products.
- Examination of the industry structure.
- Identification of the types of plastics used in healthcare packaging and the projected volumes for each.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The objective of this report is to discuss, analyze and forecast markets for usage of major plastics used in packaging healthcare products segmented by pharmaceutical and medical packaging.
Pharmaceutical products are defined as drugs in dosage forms purchased and consumed by individual patients, and are either prescribed by a licensed medical practitioner or are drugs that do not require a prescription and are purchased by individuals “over the counter” (OTC). These products are usually packaged in containers, blister packs, bags/pouches, etc.
Medical products are those used by medical practitioners in hospitals, clinics, home healthcare operations, etc. Examples are syringes, blood and intravenous solution bags, diagnostic kits, tubing, trays and other similar items.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The objective of this study is to provide a comprehensive reference for those interested and/or involved in the use of plastics for packaging healthcare products. This is a very large and varied group of firms in the pharmaceutical, medical and plastics industries.Healthcare plastics find increased use each year in applications in healthcare packaging. In these changing times, with emphasis on healthcare cost control, plastics are increasing their penetration in packaging. This study covers these changes and provides analyses and forecasts for use of a wide array of plastics used in this market.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report is intended for those involved in plastics, packaging and healthcare products. These companies include those involved in development, formulation, manufacture, sale and use of plastics in healthcare packaging.Since a significant market for the use of plastics is the prime focus of this study, it will be of interest and value to those involved in polymer and polymer processes, from manufacture of bulk resins to converting and other plastics fabrication processes. It should also be of major interest to those who use plastics in packaging healthcare products, both healthcare end-user companies and contract packagers, along with plastics producers.Companies and personnel in ancillary businesses such as processing equipment, additives, and other support chemicals and equipment will find information useful to their operations. These include process and product development staff, process and product designers, purchasing agents, construction and operating personnel, market staff and top management. This report can be of great value to technical and business personnel in the following areas, among others.
Marketing and management personnel in companies that produce, market, and sell all types of plastics, that is, virgin, specially compounded and recycled.
Companies that are called converters, who convert relatively raw plastics to medical and pharmaceutical packaging.
Companies that supply or want to supply equipment and services to plastics processors.
Financial institutions that provide funding for such facilities, including banks, merchant bankers, venture capitalists and others.
Personnel in end-user companies and industries that purchase and use packaging plastics ranging from converters, compounders and molders to contract packaging companies and healthcare company end-users. Healthcare packagers are a key group of companies who could be interested, as well.
Personnel in government at many levels. This includes federal officials, primarily at the EPA and FDA, who are involved with protection of national standards regarding public health and safety.

SCOPE OF REPORT

This study covers many of the most important economic, technological, regulatory and environmental considerations in markets for the use of plastics to package healthcare products. This report is a global study of activities within the healthcare packaging market.All market volume figures are rounded to the nearest million pounds. Growth rates are all compounded signified as compounded average annual growth rates or CAGRs. Growth rates are rounded to two significant figures such that 5.25% is recorded as 5.3%.Some relatively minor resin materials and applications are grouped together in a miscellaneous category but are specifically noted.There are also a wide variety of terms used almost interchangeably, which often makes it difficult to specifically segment several products used in healthcare packaging because, in many cases, they are multifunctional such as:
Trays vs. kits.
Pouches vs. bags.
Closures vs. caps.
Containers vs. bottles.
Closures vs. lidding.
A final point is that there are often times when there is a need to review some preliminary but important background details in the detailed pharmaceutical and medical sections for those readers who purchase certain sections of the report rather than the complete report.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in preparing this study. Searches were made of the literature, including many of the leading trade publications, and well as technical compendia, government publications, and information from trade and other associations. Product and market information was obtained whenever possible from the principals involved. The information for the company profiles was obtained primarily from company literature. Other sources included directories and articles.

Table Of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE OF REPORT 3
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES 4
ABOUT THE AUTHOR 4
RELATED BCC REPORTS 4
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 4
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, IN TERMS
OF VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, IN TERMS
OF VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 7
CHAPTER 3 HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 11
BACKGROUND 11
CONSUMER CHARACTERISTICS AND FACTORS AFFECTING DEMAND 12
MARKETING 13
OVERVIEW 13
LARGE PURCHASING/MARKETING GROUPS CHANGING THE FACE OF
MEDICAL DEVICE MARKETING 13
OFFSHORE COMPETITION 14
CONTRACT PACKAGING 14
INDUSTRY AND PRODUCT TRENDS 15
OVERVIEW 15
SPECIFIC TRENDS 15
TABLE 1 PREDICTED EFFECTS OF TRENDS ON PLASTICS USED IN HEALTHCARE
PACKAGING 15
CHANGING DEMOGRAPHICS AND LIFESTYLES 16
HEALTHCARE COST CONTAINMENT 17
OVERVIEW 17
MANAGED CARE 17
COST REIMBURSEMENT 18
HOSPITALS 18
PHYSICIANS, SURGEONS, ETC. 19
DRUG COSTS 19
GENERIC DRUGS 19
Background 19
Sales of Generic Products 20
Generic Substitution 20
Positive Aspects 20
OVER-THE-COUNTER PRODUCTS (OTC) 21
HOME HEALTHCARE 21.
SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL 22
CORPORATE CONSOLIDATION AND RESTRUCTURING 22
CHAPTER 4 HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 25
OVERVIEW 25
DRUG REGULATIONS AND REVIEW PROCESSES 25
HEALTHCARE PACKAGING STANDARDS 25
COMPLIANCE WITH STANDARDS 25
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR TESTING MATERIALS (ASTM) 26
Overview 26
ASTM Medical Packaging Standards 26
TABLE 2 ASTM MEDICAL DEVICE PACKAGING STANDARDS 26
ISO STANDARDS 27
FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHEN CHOOSING TEST METHODS 27
HEALTHCARE COMPLIANCE COUNCIL (HCPC) 27
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS REGARDING STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS 28
ASTM Advances New Test Methods at International Meeting 28
Keeping Aware of Standards 28
Update on International Standards and Regulations at Recent
HealthPack Conference in Europe 28
Healthcare Compliance Packaging Council (HCPC) Activities 28
PACKAGING PLASTICS APPROVAL PROCESS 29
IMPORTANT AREAS AFFECTING HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 29
COMPLIANCE PACKAGING 29
CHILD-RESISTANT PACKAGING 29
SENIOR-FRIENDLY HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 30
TAMPER-EVIDENT HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 30
FACTORS AFFECTING CHOICES OF HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MATERIALS 32
COMPETING PACKAGING MATERIALS 32
DISPOSABILITY AND RECYCLABILITY 32
CURRENT HEALTHCARE PACKAGING PROGNOSES 33
HIGH COSTS COULD SLOW DOWN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING GROWTH 33
INCREASING USE OF HOME HEALTHCARE 34
OTHER FACTORS AFFECTING HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET 34
PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING 34
OVERVIEW 34
PRESCRIPTION PHARMACEUTICALS 34
NONPRESCRIPTION (OTC) PRODUCTS 35
RX-TO-OTC SWITCH PRODUCTS 35
PACKAGING OTC PRODUCTS 36
HOSPITAL PRODUCTS/MEDICAL SUPPLIES 36
NEAR-TERM OUTLOOK FOR THE PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY 37
TYPES OF PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCT PACKAGING 37
Overview 37
Containers 38
Closures 39
Blister Packaging 39
Overview 39
Advantages 39
Obstacles 40
Blister Pack Materials 41
Other Important Issues 41
More Details on Resin Choices 41
Use of Clamshells 41
MEDICAL PRODUCT PACKAGING 42
OVERVIEW 42
TRENDS IN MEDICAL PRODUCT PACKAGING 43
Background 43
Home Healthcare 43
Blood and Intravenous Solution Collection/Delivery Systems 43
MEDICAL PACKAGING APPLICATIONS 43
Overview 43
Packaging Choices 44
Sterile Packaging is Not Simple 44
Sterile Barrier System Validations 44
Shelf Life of Sterile Packaging 45
ACCELERATED AGING PROTOCOLS 45
MATERIAL CHOICES 45
BLOW-FILL-SEAL PACKAGING (BFS) 45
PARENTERAL PACKAGING 46
DRUG DELIVERY CHALLENGES AND NEW PRODUCTS 46
Dry Powders for Pulmonary Uses 46
Pouches for Unit-Dose Delivery Systems 46
Tamper-Evident Syringes 46
Use of Olefin Polymers 46
Beveled-Needle Syringes 46
Reclosable Pouches 47
Safety Syringes 47
OTHER RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN MEDICAL PACKAGING 47
USE OF TRANSPARENT MEDICAL PLASTIC PACKAGING 47
OTHER ADVANCES 47
CHAPTER 5 HEALTHCARE PACKAGING PLASTIC PROCESSES 49
INJECTION MOLDING 49
BACKGROUND 49
DETAILS 49
EXTRUSION 49
BACKGROUND 49
SINGLE- AND TWIN-SCREW EXTRUSION 50
EXTRUSION AND MELT FILM FABRICATION 50
BLOWN FILMS 50
FILM CASTING 51
SOLVENT CASTING 51
BLOW MOLDING 51
OVERVIEW 51
EXTRUSION BLOW MOLDING 52
INJECTION BLOW MOLDING 52
STRETCH BLOW MOLDING 52
THERMOFORMING 53
OVERVIEW 53
APPLICATIONS 53
CHAPTER 6 HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN 55
OVERVIEW 55
TABLE 3 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION POUNDS) 55
POLYPROPYLENE 55
OVERVIEW 55
BACKGROUND 56
POLYPROPYLENE PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES 57
Ziegler-Natta 57
Novolen 57
Spherizone and Spheripol 57
Borealis Borecene Polypropylene Technology 58
Other 58
APPLICATIONS 58
PROPERTIES 59
UPGRADED POLYPROPYLENE 59
ADVANCES IN POLYPROPYLENE TECHNOLOGIES 60
HIGHLY CRYSTALLINE GRADES 60
REINFORCED POLYPROPYLENES 60
Overview 60
High-Impact Grades 61
Long Glass Fiber Polypropylene 61
RANDOM COPOLYMER POLYPROPYLENES 61
TECHNIQUES USED TO IMPART CLARITY 62
POLYPROPYLENE FILMS 62
Background 62
Film Types 62
Applications 63
Biaxially Oriented Polypropylene Films (BOPP) 63
Global Market Scenario 63
PRODUCERS 63
TABLE 4 KEY GLOBAL POLYPROPYLENE PRODUCERS AND ESTIMATED CAPACITIES
(BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 63
TABLE 5 SELECTED KEY TRADE NAMED POLYPROPYLENE OF
PRODUCERS/SUPPLIERS 64
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS 64
ExxonMobil Sells BOPP Film Units 64
Sabic IP Increases Its Polypropylene Capacity 64
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 65
TABLE 6 GLOBAL POLYPROPYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 65POLYETHYLENES 66
BACKGROUND 66
HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (HDPE) 66
Overview 66
Background 66
Processing of HDPE 67
Producers 67
TABLE 7 LEADING GLOBAL HDPE PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 67
Healthcare Packaging Aspects 68
Market Estimates and Forecasts 68
TABLE 8 GLOBAL HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING
MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 68
A Recent Development 69
LOW-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (LDPE) 69
Overview 69
Properties 69
Markets and Applications 70
Producers 70
TABLE 9 GLOBAL LDPE PRODUCERS AND LOCATIONS 70
LINEAR LOW-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (LLDPE) 71
Overview 71
Properties 71
Manufacturing Methods 71
TABLE 10 THE LLDPE GROUPS 72
Producers 72
Market Estimates and Forecasts 72
TABLE 11 GLOBAL LDPE/LLDPE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 72
TOTAL POLYETHYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET 73
TABLE 12 TOTAL GLOBAL POLYETHYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 73
A SPECIAL POLYETHYLENE: DU PONT'S TYVEK 74
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) 75
OVERVIEW 75
FORMS OF PVC 75
A VERSATILE RESIN 75
PROCESSING 75
Background 75
Extrusion 76
Calendering 76
TABLE 13 RIGID PVC APPLICATIONS 76
PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES 76
TABLE 14 LEADING GLOBAL PVC PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS PER YEAR) 77
PVC ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS 77
Overview 77
A Little History 78
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE PVC REPLACEMENT SCENARIO 78
General Observations 78
Can TPEs Really Erode PVC's Position in Healthcare Packaging? 78
Replacing PVC in Medical Tubing is a Tough Assignment 78
European Suppliers Mounting Strong Program to Defend PVC Use in
Hospitals 79
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 79
TABLE 15 GLOBAL POLYVINYL CHLORIDE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 80
A CURRENT SUMMARY OF THE PVC REPLACEMENT ISSUE 81
Background 81
Potential PVC Replacement Resins 81
Background 81
Candidates 82
Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) 82
COPEs 82
Laminated Polyolefins 82
Polyolefin Blends 83
Functionalized Polyolefins 83
TPEs 83
POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE (PET) 83
BACKGROUND 83
MAJOR APPLICATIONS 83
MODIFIED PET RESINS 83
GLYCOL-MODIFIED PET COPOLYESTER (PETG) 84
ENGINEERING-GRADE PET 84
REINFORCED PET 85
PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES 85
TABLE 16 THE 10 LARGEST GLOBAL PET PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 85
NEW PET PRODUCER DEVELOPMENTS 86
Indorama Bought Several Eastman Units 86
Japanese Firms Merge their Respective PET Businesses 86
DAK Americas Completed the Eastman Withdrawal from the PET
Business 86
DAK Americas Also Purchased Wellman's PET Business 86
MandG Group is Planning a New PET Plant 86
RECENT NEWS IN PET HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 87
DuPont's Films 87
European Blister Packs 87
Two-Reactor PET 87
Asian PET for Blister Packaging 87
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 87
TABLE 17 GLOBAL POLYESTER HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 88
POLYSTYRENE 89
BACKGROUND 89
GENERAL PURPOSE POLYSTYRENE 89
Background 89
Characteristics 89
HIGH-IMPACT POLYSTYRENE (HIPS) 89
Background 89
Properties 90
Applications 90
RECENT STYRENIC POLYMER PRODUCER CHANGES 90
Overview 90
Global Market Players and Industry Leaders 91
HEALTHCARE PACKAGING APPLICATIONS 92
STYRENE COPOLYMERS 92
Overview 92
Thermoplastic Styrene Block Copolymers 93
Background 93
Processing 93
TABLE 18 SBC MAJOR PRODUCTS SEGMENTED BY POLYMER PROCESS 93
Properties 94
Healthcare Packaging-Related Applications 94
Styrene-Acrylonitrile Copolymers (SAN) 94
Overview 94
Properties 95
SAN Transparent Applications 95
Producers 96
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 96
TABLE 19 GLOBAL POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMERS HEALTHCARE PACKAGING
MARKET, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 97
POLYAMIDES 97
BACKGROUND 97
PROPERTIES 97
APPLICATIONS 98
MAJOR TYPES OF POLYAMIDES 98
Polyamide 66 98
Polyamide 6 98
Other Polyamides 99
Overview 99
Polyamide 46 99
Polyamide 6/9 99
Polyamide 6/10 and Polyamide 6/12 99
Polyamide 11 99
Polyamide 12 99
EXAMPLES OF NYLON MEDICAL PACKAGING APPLICATIONS 100
Nylon Film Products 100
Sterilization Pouches 100
Amcor Introduces New Nylon Films for Medical Packaging 100
Polyamide Pouches and Tubing 100
PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES 100
TABLE 20 KEY GLOBAL POLYAMIDE RESIN PRODUCERS 100
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 101
TABLE 21 GLOBAL POLYAMIDE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 101
POLYCARBONATES 101.
BACKGROUND 101
GENERAL GRADES 102
PROCESSING 102
PROPERTIES 102
PROPERTY ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES 102
ALLOYS/BLENDS 103
PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES 103
TABLE 22 SELECTED MAJOR POLYCARBONATE PRODUCERS AND TRADE NAMED
PRODUCTS 105
TABLE 23 SELECTED MAJOR POLYCARBONATE PRODUCERS ESTIMATED GLOBAL
CAPACITIES (MILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 105
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 105
TABLE 24 GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 106
ACRYLICS 106
OVERVIEW 106
PROPERTIES 106
MANUFACTURE OF ACRYLIC POLYMERS 107
Sheet 107
Applications 107
Properties 107
MAJOR ACRYLIC PRODUCERS 107
OTHER IMPORTANT ACRYLIC PRODUCING COMPANIES 108
Altuglas 108
Cyro Industries 108
Lucite International 108
Aristech Acrylic LLC 108
Plaskolite 108
Sabic IP and Mitsubishi Form Acrylic Joint Venture 109
MEDICAL PACKAGING PRODUCTS 109
AN INTERESTING PRODUCT 109
KEY TRADE NAMED POLYACRYLATES 109
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 109
TABLE 25 GLOBAL ACRYLIC HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 110
THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS (TPES) 110
OVERVIEW 110
ADVANTAGES 110
DISADVANTAGES 111
PROCESSING 111
APPLICATIONS 111
THERMOPLASTIC OLEFINS (TPOS) 111
Overview 111
General Applications 112
COPEs (Copolyesters) 112
Background 112
Properties and Medical Packaging Applications 112
Market Estimates and Forecasts 113TABLE 26 GLOBAL COPE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 113
THERMOPLASTIC POLYURETHANES (TPU) 113
Background 113
Medical Packaging Applications 114
Market Estimates and Forecasts 114
TABLE 27 GLOBAL TPU HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 114
SILICONES 115
BACKGROUND 115
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 115
TABLE 28 GLOBAL SILICONE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 115
POLYVINYLIDENE CHLORIDE (PVDC) 116
BACKGROUND 116
CITED ADVANTAGES 116
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 116
TABLE 29 GLOBAL PVDC HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 117
MISCELLANEOUS RESINS 117
OVERVIEW 117
METALLOCENE POLYETHYLENES 117
Background 117
New Developments 118
Global Metallocene Producers 118
CELLULOSICS 118
FLUOROPOLYMERS 118
IONOMERS 119
NITRILE RESINS 119
SELECTED ETPS 119
Polysulfones 119
Polyetherimides (PEIs) 120
Cyclic Olefin Copolymers (COCs) 120
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS 121
Colored COCs for Healthcare Packaging 121
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 121
TABLE 30 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MISCELLANEOUS RESINS BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 121
PRICING 122
TABLE 31 AVERAGE PRICING FOR SELECTED RESINS USED IN HEALTHCARE
PACKAGING, 2013 (DOLLARS PER POUND) 122
CHAPTER 7 HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKETS BY APPLICATION 124
OVERVIEW 124
MARKET SEGMENTATION 124
HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 124
OVERVIEW 124
TYPES OF HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 124
Overview 124
Details 125
COMPETING PACKAGING MATERIALS 125
DISPOSABILITY AND RECYCLABILITY 125
RIGID VS. FLEXIBLE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 125
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 126
TABLE 32 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 126
PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING 127
OVERVIEW 127
SOME TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS 127
MARKET BY PACKAGE TYPE 128
Overview 128
Containers 128
Bottles 128
Background 128
Plastics Usage 129
Examples of Pharmaceutical Packaging Bottles 130
New Developments in Pharmaceutical Bottles 130
PET Bottles as Alternatives 130
Stability Testing 130
Vials 130
Background 130
Vial Labels Undergoing Changes 131
More Recent Developments 131
Two-in-One Vials 131
Oral Dispensers 131
Market Estimates and Forecasts 131
TABLE 33 GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: CONTAINERS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 132
Closures 132
Market Application Details 132
Lidding 133
Recent Developments in Pharmaceutical Closures 133
Market Estimates and Forecasts 134
TABLE 34 GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: CLOSURES,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 134
Blister Packs 134
Overview 134
Background 135
Blister Packs Can Be Made via Thermoforming or Coldforming 135
Market Application Details 136
TABLE 35 PROS AND CONS OF PHARMACEUTICAL BLISTER PACKAGING 137
Product Applications 138
Impact of OTC Products on Blister Packaging 138
Non-Institutional Ethical Pharmaceuticals and Blister Packs 139
Institutional Product Use and Blister Packaging 139
Examples of Materials Used in Blister Packs 140
A Recent Development in Pharmaceutical Blister Packs 141
Forming Blister Films 141
Market Estimates and Forecasts 141
TABLE 36 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: BLISTER
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 141
Clamshells 142
Is There a Difference? 142
Advantages 142
Types of Clamshells 142
Inset Cards 143
Sealing of Clamshells 143
TABLE 37 SEALING CLAMSHELLS PARAMETERS 143
Clamshell Materials 143
OTHER PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING APPLICATIONS 143
Pouches/Bags 143
Introduction 143
Recent Developments in Pouches 144
Use of Foils 144
SIGNIFICANT CHANGES FORECAST IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING 145
CULTURAL/GEOGRAPHIC DIFFERENCES IN PHARMACEUTICAL HEALTH
PACKAGING 145
NANOTECHNOLOGIES SIGNIFICANT IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING 146
PACKAGING SELECTIONS FOR PARENTERAL PHARMACEUTICAL
PRODUCERS 146
MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 146
TABLE 38 MISCELLANEOUS PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 146
MEDICAL PRODUCT PACKAGING 147
OVERVIEW 147
BACKGROUND 147
PACKAGING CHOICES 148
TRENDS IN MEDICAL PRODUCT PACKAGING 148
Background 149
Home Healthcare 149
A Growing Issue: Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Sensitive Medical
Device Packaging 149
Other Important Medical Packaging Considerations 149
RECENT ADVANCES AND PRODUCTS IN MEDICAL PACKAGING 150
Chevron Type Pouches for Medical Devices 150
Combination Packaging Products 150
What Packaging Converters Need to Provide to Medical Device
Manufacturers 150
A Growing Medical Device Packaging Concern - Sustainability 150
SYRINGES 151
Background 151
Products and Applications 151
Syringe Alternatives 152
Syringe Innovations 152
Prefilled Syringe Historical Aspects 153
Materials Used 154
Polymer Usage 154
Self-Administration Becomes a Major Issue 155
No Needles 155
An Interesting Observation 155
Injury Prevention Goals 155
Overview 155
Auto Retraction 156
Other Noteworthy Syringe-Related Developments 156
West Pharmaceutical Prefixed Needle Syringe 156
Market Estimates and Forecasts 156
TABLE 39 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: SYRINGES, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 157
TUBING 157
Products and Applications 157
Stainless-steel Medical Tubing Increasing 157
Plastic Medical Tubing Niches 158
Properties 158
Resin Components and Requirements 158
PVC Usage 158
Features of Medical Tubing 159
TABLE 40 COMMON FEATURES OF AND SELECTED APPLICATIONS FOR PRIMARY
RESINS USED IN MEDICAL TUBING 160
Applications 160
TABLE 41 SAMPLE APPLICATIONS FOR FLEXIBLE MEDICAL TUBING BY MAJOR
CATEGORY 160
Multilayer Tubing 161
Material Advancements 161
Selected Plastic Medical Tubing Extruders 161
Recent Developments and Products in Tubing 162
TPE/Polyimide Medical Tubing 162
Fine-Tuning Tubing 162
PVC-Free Medical Tubing 162
Tubing from China 162
Bioplastics Trying to Replace Plasticizers in PVC Tubing 162
Market Estimates and Forecasts 162
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: TUBING, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 163
KITS 163
Overview 163
Performance Criteria 164
TABLE 43 MATERIAL PROPERTY CRITERIA: KITS 164
Market Estimates and Forecasts 165
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: KITS, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION POUNDS) 165
MEDICAL BAGS AND PARTS 165
Medical Bags 166
The Medical Bag Market 166
Fluid Administration and Collection Bags 166IV Bags and Parts 167
Background 167
Broad Summary 167
Alternatives to PVC in Medical Bags 168
Overview 168
Viable PVC Replacement Materials 168
Intravenous Solution Bags 169
Enema Bags 169
Blood Bags 169
Pouches and Other Applications 170
Pouch Features 170
Related Products 170
Market Estimates and Forecasts 171
TABLE 45 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: IV BAGS AND PARTS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 171
TABLE 46 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: OTHER BAGS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 171
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND PRODUCTS 172
Medical Bag and Pouch Advances 172
New Transdermal Packaging 172
Pouch Size and Contamination 172
PVC Blood Bags Debated in Europe 172
TRAYS 173
Background 173
TABLE 47 RESIN PROPERTY CRITERIA: TRAYS 173
Sterilization 173
Thermoform or Injection Mold? 174
Property Parameters for Choosing Tray Materials 174
Tray Designs for Different Environments 175
Recent Developments in Trays 175
New Tray Designs 175
New Materials for Rigid Trays 175
Higher Performance Rigid Trays 175
MISCELLANEOUS MEDICAL PACKAGING APPLICATIONS 175
TABLE 49 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: MISCELLANEOUS
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 175
GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING RESIN MARKET BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA 176
OVERVIEW 176
GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING RESINS 176
HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (HDPE) 177
TABLE 50 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN HEALTHCARE
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 177
POLYPROPYLENE 177
TABLE 51 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN
HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 177
PVC 178
TABLE 52 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 178
LDPE/LLDPE 178
TABLE 53 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN HEALTHCARE
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 178
POLYESTERS 179
TABLE 54 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN HEALTHCARE
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 179
POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMERS 179
TABLE 55 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE
IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 180
GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING RESINS 180
TABLE 56 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 180
TABLE 57 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN
PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 181
TABLE 58 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 181
TABLE 59 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN
PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 182
TABLE 60 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 182
TABLE 61 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE
IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 183
GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING RESINS 183
TABLE 62 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 183
TABLE 63 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN MEDICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 184
TABLE 64 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 184
TABLE 65 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN MEDICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 185
TABLE 66 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN MEDICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 185
TABLE 67 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE
IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 186
TABLE 68 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN
HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 186
TABLE 69 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN
PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 187
TABLE 70 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN
MEDICAL PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 187
CHAPTER 8 STERILIZATION TECHNIQUES 189
OVERVIEW OF METHODS 189
THE STERILIZATION PACKAGING MANUFACTURERS COUNCIL OF THE FLEXIBLE
PACKAGING ASSOCIATION (SPMC) 189
ETHYLENE OXIDE (ETO) GAS STERILIZATION 190
RADIATION STERILIZATION 190
GAMMA RADIATION 190
OZONE STERILIZATION 191
POLYMER REACTIONS TO STERILIZATION METHODS 191
BACKGROUND 191
PVC 191
POLYPROPYLENE 192
POLYETHYLENE 192
ABS AND SAN 192
POLYCARBONATE 192
POLYSTYRENE 192
POLYESTERS 192
CHAPTER 9 IMPORTANT AREAS AFFECTING THE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET 194
CONSERVATIVE NATURE OF THE HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY 194
FACTORS AFFECTING CHOICES OF PACKAGING MATERIALS 194
COMPETING PACKAGING MATERIALS 195
DISPOSABILITY AND RECYCLABILITY 195
TECHNOLOGY 195
SAFETY 195
COMPOUNDERS/CONVERTERS/MOLDERS AND DISTRIBUTORS 196
BACKGROUND 196
COMPOUNDERS 196
CONVERTERS 196
MOLDERS 197
IMPORTANCE IN THE MARKETPLACE 197
POSITION IN PRODUCT CHAIN 197
DISTRIBUTION 198
CHAPTER 10 OTHER ASPECTS OF THE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING BUSINESS 201
END-USER HEALTHCARE COMPANIES 201
MARKETING AND COMPETITIVE ISSUES 201
END-USER PLASTIC SELECTION CRITERIA 201
Background 201
Competitive Materials 201
NEW APPLICATIONS 202
PERFORMANCE STANDARDS 202
CONTAMINATION OR TOXICITY ISSUES 202
PURCHASING PRACTICES 202
RIGID VS. FLEXIBLE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 203
CHAPTER 11 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 205
OVERVIEW 205
SPECTER OF CONTAMINATED PRODUCTS 205
SOURCE REDUCTION 205
BIODEGRADABILITY 206
COMPETING PACKAGING MATERIALS 206
SUSTAINABILITY 207
INTRODUCTION 207
EARLY EFFORTS 207
SPECIAL CHALLENGE FOR HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 207
THE SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING COALITION (SPC) 207
HEALTHCARE PLASTICS RECYCLING COUNCIL (HPRC) 208
CHAPTER 12 REGULATORY ISSUES 210
OVERVIEW 210
REGULATORY APPROVALS 210
BACKGROUND 210
U.S. ACTIVITIES 210
PLASTICS TESTING PROCEDURES 211
GLOBAL REGULATORY ISSUES 211
CHAPTER 13 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND PRODUCTS IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 213
NEW TESTING METHODS 213
RECENT PLASTIC HEALTHCARE PACKAGES 213
PREFILLED INJECTION SYSTEMS 213
HANDLING MORE AGGRESSIVE STERILIZATION CYCLES 213
NEW FOIL LAMINATIONS 213
UPGRADING STERILE PACKAGING SOLUTIONS 214
CONTRACT PACKAGING GROWTH TRENDS 214
FLEXIBLE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING BECOMING MORE IMPORTANT 214
COMPLIANCE CONTROL 214
HEALTHCARE PACKAGING GROWING IN CHINA 215
USE OF SORBENT FORMULATIONS TO REPLACE HALOGEN-CONTAINING
PLASTICS 215
NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING FILMS 215
A SINGLE BARRIER FOR STERILE BARRIER SYSTEMS 216
FDA ISSUES FINAL RULE ON STERILITY TESTING OF BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS 216
INCREASED CAPABILITIES FOR BARRIER MATERIALS 216
UPCOMING TAX ON MEDICAL DEVICES FORCES MEDICAL PACKAGERS TO
"TIGHTEN THEIR BELTS" 216
TABLE 71 MEDICAL DEVICE PACKAGERS ACTIVITIES CITED TO LOWER COSTS TO
MEET UPCOMING FEDERAL TAXES ON MEDICAL DEVICES IN THE U.S. 217
PROTECTING HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 217
PHARMAPACK EUROPE CITES PACKAGING ENHANCEMENT AND PRODUCT
VALUE 217
STERILE MEDICAL PACKAGING - THE NEXT 20 YEARS 217
GOVERNMENT POLICIES DRIVE HEALTHCARE CONTRACT PACKAGING IN ASIAN
COUNTRIES 218
CATALENT INCREASES CHINESE VENTURES 218
CHINESE DRUG SAFETY AGENCY UPGRADED 218
DOUBLE-BARRIER PACKAGING STILL FAVORED BY NURSES 218
CHAPTER 14 COMPANY PROFILES 220
ALCAN PACKAGING 220
ALMAC GROUP 220
AMCOR FLEXIBLES 221
AMERISOURCE BERGEN CORPORATION 221
ANDERSONBRECON 222
APHENA PHARMA SOLUTIONS 222BEACON CONVERTERS, INC. 223
BILCARE RESEARCH 223
CATALENT PHARMA SOLUTIONS 224
CONSTANTIA FLEXIBLES 224
CRYOPAK 225
KLOCKNER PENTAPLAST 225
MCKESSON RXPAK 226
OLIVER-TOLAS HEALTHCARE PACKAGING 226
PERFECSEAL 227
PERLEN PACKAGING LLC 227
PLASTIC INGENUITY 228
PRENT CORPORATION 228
PRINTPAK MEDICAL 229
REXAM PLC 229
ROLLPRINT PACKAGING PRODUCTS, INC. 230
SEALED AIR CORPORATION 230
TEKNI-FILMS, INC. 231
UNITED DRUG PLC 231
VETTER PHARMA INTERNATIONAL 231
WINPAK HEAT SEAL PACKAGING 232
CHAPTER 15 APPENDIX 234
ACRONYMS AND DEFINITIONS 234

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, IN TERMS
OF VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 7
TABLE 1 PREDICTED EFFECTS OF TRENDS ON PLASTICS USED IN HEALTHCARE
PACKAGING 15
TABLE 2 ASTM MEDICAL DEVICE PACKAGING STANDARDS 26
TABLE 3 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION POUNDS) 55
TABLE 4 KEY GLOBAL POLYPROPYLENE PRODUCERS AND ESTIMATED CAPACITIES
(BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 63
TABLE 5 SELECTED KEY TRADE NAMED POLYPROPYLENE OF PRODUCERS/SUPPLIERS 64
TABLE 6 GLOBAL POLYPROPYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 65
TABLE 7 LEADING GLOBAL HDPE PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 67
TABLE 8 GLOBAL HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET
BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 68
TABLE 9 GLOBAL LDPE PRODUCERS AND LOCATIONS 70
TABLE 10 THE LLDPE GROUPS 72
TABLE 11 GLOBAL LDPE/LLDPE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 72
TABLE 12 TOTAL GLOBAL POLYETHYLENE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 73
TABLE 13 RIGID PVC APPLICATIONS 76
TABLE 14 LEADING GLOBAL PVC PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS PER YEAR) 77
TABLE 15 GLOBAL POLYVINYL CHLORIDE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 80
TABLE 16 THE 10 LARGEST GLOBAL PET PRODUCERS (BILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 85
TABLE 17 GLOBAL POLYESTER HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 88
TABLE 18 SBC MAJOR PRODUCTS SEGMENTED BY POLYMER PROCESS 93
TABLE 19 GLOBAL POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMERS HEALTHCARE PACKAGING
MARKET, THROUGH 2018 ($ MILLIONS) 97
TABLE 20 KEY GLOBAL POLYAMIDE RESIN PRODUCERS 100
TABLE 21 GLOBAL POLYAMIDE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 101
TABLE 22 SELECTED MAJOR POLYCARBONATE PRODUCERS AND TRADE NAMED
PRODUCTS 105
TABLE 23 SELECTED MAJOR POLYCARBONATE PRODUCERS ESTIMATED GLOBAL
CAPACITIES (MILLION POUNDS/YEAR) 105
TABLE 24 GLOBAL POLYCARBONATE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 106
TABLE 25 GLOBAL ACRYLIC HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 110
TABLE 26 GLOBAL COPE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 113
TABLE 27 GLOBAL TPU HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 114
TABLE 28 GLOBAL SILICONE HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 115
TABLE 29 GLOBAL PVDC HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 117
TABLE 30 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MISCELLANEOUS RESINS BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 121
TABLE 31 AVERAGE PRICING FOR SELECTED RESINS USED IN HEALTHCARE
PACKAGING, 2013 (DOLLARS PER POUND) 122
TABLE 32 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 126
TABLE 33 GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: CONTAINERS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 132
TABLE 34 GLOBAL PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: CLOSURES,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 134
TABLE 35 PROS AND CONS OF PHARMACEUTICAL BLISTER PACKAGING 137
TABLE 36 GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: BLISTER
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 141
TABLE 37 SEALING CLAMSHELLS PARAMETERS 143
TABLE 38 MISCELLANEOUS PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 146
TABLE 39 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: SYRINGES, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 157
TABLE 40 COMMON FEATURES OF AND SELECTED APPLICATIONS FOR PRIMARY
RESINS USED IN MEDICAL TUBING 160
TABLE 41 SAMPLE APPLICATIONS FOR FLEXIBLE MEDICAL TUBING BY MAJOR
CATEGORY 160
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: TUBING, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 163
TABLE 43 MATERIAL PROPERTY CRITERIA: KITS 164
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: KITS, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION POUNDS) 165
TABLE 45 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: IV BAGS AND PARTS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 171
TABLE 46 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: OTHER BAGS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 171
TABLE 47 RESIN PROPERTY CRITERIA: TRAYS 173
TABLE 49 GLOBAL MEDICAL PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN: MISCELLANEOUS
APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 175
TABLE 50 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 177
TABLE 51 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN HEALTHCARE
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 177
TABLE 52 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 178
TABLE 53 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN HEALTHCARE
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 178
TABLE 54 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN HEALTHCARE
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 179
TABLE 55 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE
IN HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 180
TABLE 56 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 180
TABLE 57 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN
PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 181
TABLE 58 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 181
TABLE 59 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 182
TABLE 60 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN PHARMACEUTICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 182
TABLE 61 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE
IN PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 183
TABLE 62 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF HDPE USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 183
TABLE 63 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYPROPYLENE USAGE IN MEDICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 184
TABLE 64 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PVC USAGE IN MEDICAL PACKAGING,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 184
TABLE 65 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF LDPE/LLDPE USAGE IN MEDICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 185
TABLE 66 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYESTER USAGE IN MEDICAL
PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 185
TABLE 67 GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF POLYSTYRENE AND COPOLYMER USAGE
IN MEDICAL PACKAGING, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 186
TABLE 68 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN
HEALTHCARE PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 186
TABLE 69 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN
PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 187
TABLE 70 MARKET SHARES OF GEOGRAPHIC AREAS FOR PLASTICS USAGE IN
MEDICAL PACKAGING, 2012-2018 (PERCENT) 187
TABLE 71 MEDICAL DEVICE PACKAGERS ACTIVITIES CITED TO LOWER COSTS TO
MEET UPCOMING FEDERAL TAXES ON MEDICAL DEVICES IN THE U.S. 217

LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET BY RESIN, IN TERMS
OF VOLUME, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION POUNDS) 7

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