Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD): Global Markets

  • April 2012
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 272 pages

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

BCC Research’s goal in conducting this study was to determine the current status of the global market for physical vapor deposition (PVD) equipment, material deposited by the process and deposition services. We also sought to assess the worldwide growth potential for this technology from 2010 through 2016. We were particularly interested in the types of equipment and materials being used in consumer and industrial applications. We were also again interested in the status of the industry in relation to the continuing global economic and currency problems and the impact they had on equipment demand.

Our major objective was to present a comprehensive analysis of the PVD industry and project its future course.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

PVD has been a proven technology over the past several decades. Its use has made possible more sophisticated manufacturing and fabrication techniques. Smaller sized products have also broadened the demand for vapor deposited materials. New and existing products require materials that can be delivered by vacuum deposition of films on a growing variety of substrates.

We have examined the current position of PVD technologies and materials in eight major industries. We were interested in what materials and types of PVD systems were being used to meet demands for more sophisticated products. We also analyzed the movements in PVD demand for particular industries caused by the economic downturn of 2007-2008 and the continuing current business problems.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

We present an overview of deposition technologies and future trends, along with a global industry structure, including leading manufacturers of equipment and service providers. A review of the PVD industry’s competitiveness in each of the eight market sectors is also provided. Within each industry, there is an overview of key applications, the advantages of using PVD, an analysis of market factors that will impact demand, shipments for 2010 and 2011, and estimated shipments for 2016.

This study will be of interest to those in the microelectronics business, manufacturers of cutting tools, specialty packagers, maker of storage equipment and media, companies in the solar energy business, manufacturers of automotive and aerospace parts, medical device makers and those in the optics industry. It will also be of interest to companies engaged in the manufacture of deposition equipment and materials and to surface coaters.

SCOPE OF REPORT

This study encompasses PVD technologies and materials in terms of application, properties and processes. BCC Research analyzes the major types of PVD systems and materials used to manufacture products in eight key industries. Applications are discussed, as are properties imparted by PVD. Trends in demand also are reviewed and their impacts on PVD are assessed.

Market drivers within each industry are identified. Materials deposited by PVD are analyzed according to basic functions (e.g., wear resistance, abrasion and corrosion resistance, conductivity and barrier protection). The value of PVD equipment shipments is projected within each industry by type of system. Material shipment values are projected, along with PVD service revenues. Technological issues and trends are reviewed, and other influential factors such as economic conditions and standards are discussed.

Because this is a global study, BCC Research analyzes domestic and international technological issues and economic considerations.

METHODOLOGY

BCC Research presents an analysis of the value of PVD systems, materials deposited and services provided by type of system, material and industry segment. Estimated value is what manufacturers and material providers have paid in current dollars. Then, based on our surveys, we analyze industry growth in relation to the growth of PVD technology, calculate estimates of growth, and forecast shipments for 2014.

INFORMATION SOURCES

BCC Research interviewed approximately 130 companies to obtain data for this report. Included were manufacturers of PVD equipment, material suppliers, deposition service providers, industrial and consumer product manufacturing companies, and various end users of products fabricated using the PVD process. Additional data were obtained from government information, trade associations, industry and financial sources, and an exhaustive review of technical literature.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

After a successful career at IBM, Robert H. Moran has written extensively as a research analyst and editor at BCC Research. The topics of his reports range from various deposition technologies to displays, solar energy and solid-state lighting. Mr. Moran has been writing for BCC Research for more than 20 years. He earned a B.S. degree in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania.

Table Of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1
STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES 1
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 1
INTENDED AUDIENCE 1
SCOPE OF REPORT 2
METHODOLOGY 2
INFORMATION SOURCES 2
ANALYST’S CREDENTIALS 3
RELATED BCC REPORTS 3
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 3
DISCLAIMER 4
CHAPTER TWO: SUMMARY 5
SUMMARY 5
SUMMARY TABLE VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD INDUSTRY, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 6
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL VALUE OF THE PVD INDUSTRY, 2010-
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 7
CHAPTER THREE: OVERVIEW 8
PVD DEPOSITION TECHNOLOGY 9
TABLE 1 THE BASIC PHYSICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION
TECHNOLOGIES 9
CLASSIFICATION OF MATERIALS 10
TABLE 2 TYPICAL MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY PVD AND THEIR
KEY PROPERTIES 10
MAJOR APPLICATIONS 10
TABLE 3 LEADING PVD APPLICATIONS 11
CHAPTER FOUR: PVD INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 12
TABLE 4 KEY COMPANIES INVOLVED IN THE GLOBAL PVD
BUSINESS 12
TABLE 4 (CONTINUED) 13
TABLE 4 (CONTINUED) 14
TABLE 4 (CONTINUED) 15
INDUSTRY TRENDS 15
ENERGY APPLICATIONS DRIVING PVD SYSTEMS 16
Emerging Technologies 16
CONTINUED PVD EXPANSION IN ASIA 17
ECONOMIC CHANGES CAUSE VARIATIONS IN DEMAND 17
PVD PROCESSES, MATERIALS KEEP UP WITH MARKETS 18
TABLE 5 KEY TECHNICAL AREAS REFLECTING PVD
IMPROVEMENTS 18
GLOBAL PVD MANUFACTURING 19
TABLE 6 REGIONAL SHARE OF GLOBAL PVD MANUFACTURING
2010-2016 (%) 19
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL PVD MANUFACTURING BY REGION 2010-2016
(%) 20
GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PVD EQUIPMENT 21
TABLE 7 GLOBAL SHARE OF PVD CONSUMPTION, 2010-2016 (%) 21
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL PVD CONSUMPTION BY REGION 2010-2016 (%) 22
MARKET SHARES 23
TABLE 8 MARKET SHARES OF GLOBAL PVD MANUFACTURING
COMPANIES, 2011 ($ MILLIONS, %) 23
COMPANY PROFILES 24
AJA INTERNATIONAL INC 24
ANGSTROM ENGINEERING 25
APPLIED MATERIALS INC 25
CHA INDUSTRIES 26
DENTON VACUUM U S A 27
GALILEO VACUUM SYSTEMS 28
GROUP INTERNATIONAL INDUSTRIES LTD 29
IMPREGLON GROUP 29
INTEVAC INC 30
KDF ELECTRONICS 31
KURT J LESKER COMPANY 32
LEYBOLD OPTICS GMBH 33
NEXX SYSTEMS INC 33
NOVELLUS SYSTEMS INC 34
OERLIKON BALZERS AND LEYBOLD 35
PENTA TECHNOLOGY CO LTD 36
RICHTER PRECISION INC 37
SEMICORE EQUIPMENT INC 37
SINOVACUUM TECHNOLOGY LTD 38
SINGULUS TECHNOLOGIES AG 39
SYSTEM CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES 40
ULVAC TECHNOLOGIES INC 40
VEECO INSTRUMENTS INC 41
Veeco Instruments Inc (Continued) 42
CHAPTER FIVE: PVD TECHNOLOGY 43
THE BASIC PHYSICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION PROCESS 43
THE EVAPORATION PHASE 44
TABLE 9 PVD EVAPORATION SOURCES 45
Key Advantages of Evaporation 45
TABLE 10 KEY ADVANTAGES OF THE PVD EVAPORATION
PROCESS 46
Some Limitations of Evaporation 46
TABLE 11 MAJOR LIMITATIONS OF EVAPORATION 46
SPUTTERING OPERATIONS 47
TABLE 12 KEY ADVANTAGES OF SPUTTERING 48
Radio Frequency (RF) and Direct Current (DC) Diode
Sputtering 48
Magnetically Enhanced Sputtering 48
Magnetron Sputtering Can Produce High Rates 49
Reactive Sputtering 49
TABLE 13 MAJOR LIMITATIONS OF SPUTTERING 50
ION BEAM ASSISTED DEPOSITION 50
TABLE 14 ADVANTAGES/LIMITATIONS OF THE ION BEAM
ASSISTED DEPOSITION PROCESS 51
PULSED LASER DEPOSITION 52
Basic Components 52
TABLE 15 KEY ADVANTAGES OF PULSED LASER DEPOSITION 53
CATHODIC ARC DEPOSITION 53
Key Components 54
TABLE 16 ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF THE CATHODIC
ARC PROCESS 55
ROLL COATING 55
TABLE 17 BASIC ADVANTAGES OF ROLL COATING 56
PVD EQUIPMENT CONFIGURATIONS 56
CLUSTER TOOLS 57
Technical Advantages 57
TABLE 18 TECHNICAL ADVANTAGES OF CLUSTER TOOLS 58
IN-LINE SYSTEMS 58
Advantages of In-Line Systems 59
TABLE 19 BASIC BENEFITS OF IN-LINE PVD SYSTEMS 59
TECHNOLOGY TRENDS IN PVD 60
NANOTECHNOLOGY OFFERS IMPROVEMENTS 60
PVD Has Had Success with Nanocoatings 60
NANOCOMPOSITES ARE ANOTHER CLASS OF COATINGS 61
TABLE 20 INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF NANOCOMPOSITES 61
CUSTOM-MADE PVD SYSTEMS 62
Twin Door Metallization Systems for the Automotive
Industry 62
LARGE AREA VACUUM COATER FOR TELESCOPE
MIRROR 62
ROTATABLE SPUTTER TARGETS FOR LARGE AREA GLASS
COATING 63
TABLE 21 APPLICATIONS OF A ROTATABLE SPUTTER TARGET
SYSTEM 63
LARGE AREA ROLL-TO-ROLL DEPOSITION 64
TABLE 22 MAJOR APPLICATIONS FOR LARGE AREA ROLL-TOROLL
DEPOSITION SYSTEMS 64
PERSPECTIVE ON TRADITIONAL AND EVOLVING
TECHNOLOGIES 65
INDUSTRY COMPETITIVENESS 65
PATENT ANALYSIS 66
SCOPE OF PATENT ACTIVITY 66
OUR FOCUS ON PATENTS 66
PATENTS BY TECHNICAL SUBJECT 67
TABLE 23 PVD PATENTS BY TECHNICAL CATEGORY, LATE 2009-
2011 67
PATENTS BY COMPANY 68
TABLE 24 PVD PATENTS BY COMPANY (TWO OR MORE PATENTS)
LATE 2009-2011 68
TABLE 24 (CONTINUED) 69
SAMPLE PATENT ABSTRACTS 69
Resputtering Process for Eliminating Dielectric Damage 70
Method for Magnetron Sputter Deposition 70
Methods and Apparatus for Engineering an Interface
Between a Diffusion Barrier Layer and a Seed Layer 70
Physical Vapor Deposition Plasma Reactor with Arcing
Suppression 71
Ionized Physical Vapor Deposition (iPVD) Process 71
Ionized Physical Vapor … (Continued) 72
CHAPTER SIX: THE PVD MARKET 73
INDUSTRY APPROACH 73
MARKET PERSPECTIVE 73
TABLE 25 ESTIMATED GLOBAL PHYSICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION
EQUIPMENT REVENUES AND MARKET SHARE, 2010-2016 ($
MILLIONS, SHARE %) 73
FIGURE 3 ESTIMATED GLOBAL PVD EQUIPMENT MARKET SHARE,
2010-2016 (%) 74
MARKET ANALYSIS 75
MEASUREMENT OBJECTIVES 75
Measurement Objectives (Continued) 76
CHAPTER SEVEN: PVD IN THE MICROELECTRONICS MARKET 77
PVD IN THE MICROELECTRONICS MARKET 77
WHAT ARE THE BASIC MICROELECTRONIC PRODUCTS? 78
TABLE 26 BASIC MICROELECTRONIC PRODUCTS THAT EMPLOY
THE PVD PROCESS 78
PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS CONTINUE TO CHANGE 79
TABLE 27 CHARACTERISTICS OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 79
THE COMPETITIVENESS OF PVD IN MICROELECTRONICS 80
GLOBAL ECONOMIC CONDITIONS STILL IMPACTING PVD 80
TABLE 28 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR SEMICONDUCTORS THROUGH
2011 ($ BILLIONS) 81
Current Consensus on the Technology Industry 81
Growth Should Be Larger Than Planned, Per Most
Industry Economists 82
Long Term Look at the Economy and Microelectronic
Products 83
TABLE 29 ECONOMIC ASSUMPTIONS FOR THE FUTURE GROWTH
OF SEMICONDUCTORS AND PVD EQUIPMENT 83
GLOBAL INDUSTRY SUPPORT FOR MICROELECTRONICS 84
SEMI 84
Globalization 84
Standards 84
How SEMI Serves Its Members 85
TABLE 30 THE PURPOSE OF THE SEMI ORGANIZATION 85
SEMATECH 85
What They Do 86
International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors
(ITRS) 86
The Semiconductor Industry Association 86
TABLE 31 CHALLENGES FACING THE SIA 87
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PVD TECHNOLOGY 87
The Challenge of Technology 88
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT 88
TABLE 32 ESTIMATED GLOBAL FABRICATION CAPACITY, 2011 (%) 88
MICROELECTRONICS COMPETITIVE GROWTH FACTORS 89
Global Economy is Current Driving Force for PVD 90
Impact of Market Growth Factors 90
TABLE 33 IMPACT OF MAJOR COMPETITIVE FACTORS ON THE
GROWTH OF PVD IN THE MICROELECTRONICS INDUSTRY (%) 90
SEMICONDUCTOR APPLICATIONS 91
TABLE 34 BASIC SEMICONDUCTOR APPLICATIONS DONE BY PVD 91
SEMICONDUCTOR METALLURGY 91
DEPOSITION OF THIN FILMS 92
Gate Dielectrics 93
TABLE 35 DESIRED DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES FOR
MICROELECTRONIC PRODUCTS 93
Interconnects 94
Barrier Layers 94
Contacts and Adhesion Layers 95
TYPES OF PVD SYSTEMS 95
TABLE 36 IMPACT ON PVD SYSTEMS BY CHANGES IN
SEMICONDUCTOR APPLICATIONS 96
Combined Functions 96
ADVANTAGES OF PVD IN SEMICONDUCTOR
FABRICATION 97
TABLE 37 ADVANTAGES OF PVD IN SEMICONDUCTOR
FABRICATION 97
PVD System Capabilities for Semiconductors 98
MAJOR MATERIALS USED IN PVD FOR SEMICONDUCTOR
PRODUCTS 98
TABLE 38 KEY MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY PVD FOR
SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION 99
Sputtering Targets 99
New Materials 100
SEMICONDUCTOR MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 100
PVD EQUIPMENT DEMAND 101
TABLE 39 PVD FUNCTIONS VERSUS OTHER TECHNOLOGIES IN
SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION 101
CMOS Business Model 102
PVD and Industry Growth Trends 102
TABLE 40 GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR
SEMICONDUCTORS, THROUGH 2011 (VALUE AND PERCENTAGE
RATIO) 103
OTHER MICROELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS 104
FLAT-PANEL DISPLAYS 104
ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS 105
MEMS Manufacturing 105
Mobile Devices 105
TABLE 41 OVERVIEW OF OTHER MICROELECTRONICS PVD
PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS 106
ADVANTAGES OF PVD FOR OTHER MICROELECTRONIC
APPLICATIONS 106
TABLE 42 ADVANTAGES OF PVD FOR OTHER MICROELECTRONIC
PRODUCTS 106
KEY MATERIALS USED IN OTHER MICROELECTRONIC
PRODUCTS 107
TABLE 43 KEY MATERIALS USED IN OTHER MICROELECTRONIC
PRODUCTS 107
MARKET DRIVERS FOR OTHER MICROELECTRONIC
PRODUCTS 107
PVD Demand 107
FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—PVD IN MICROELECTRONICS 108
TABLE 44 FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—PVD GROWTH IN
MICROELECTRONICS 109
TABLE 45 PROJECTED GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR
SEMICONDUCTORS, THROUGH 2016 110
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD EQUIPMENT SHIPMENTS 110
TABLE 46 FORECAST -VALUE OF GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PVD
EQUIPMENT FOR MICROELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 111
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PVD EQUIPMENT FOR THE
MICROELECTRONICS INDUSTRY, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 112
BCC Sees More Constant Growth Pattern over Five-Year
Period 112
FORECAST—VALUE OF DEPOSITED PVD MATERIALS 113
Measurement Considerations 114
Sputtering Target Materials 114
TABLE 47 FORECAST--GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS DEPOSITED
BY PVD IN MICROELECTRONICS, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 115
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY PVD IN
MICROELECTRONICS, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 116
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD SERVICES 116
TABLE 48 VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD DEPOSITION SERVICES FOR
THE MICROELECTRONICS INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 117
CHAPTER EIGHT: PVD IN THE STORAGE MARKET 118
PVD IN THE STORAGE MARKET 118
SAMPLE STORAGE PRODUCTS 119
TABLE 49 COMMON DATA STORAGE PRODUCTS 119
STORAGE IS STILL A GROWING APPLICATION FOR PVD 120
STORAGE INDUSTRY COMPETITIVENESS 120
AN EXAMPLE OF DATA STORAGE ECONOMICS 120
THE COMING OF CLOUD COMPUTING BRINGS STORAGE 121
Cost Is Important to Storage 121
Tape Drives 121
Tape Packaging 122
Storage Developments 122
TABLE 50 ADVANCEMENTS IN DATA STORAGE 122
CONTINUING GLOBAL ECONOMIC PROBLEMS AND
DEMAND 123
TABLE 51 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR DATA STORAGE PRODUCTS
THROUGH 2011 ($ BILLIONS) 123
Current Storage Industry Outlook 124
Direct Storage Best for Consumer 124
GLOBAL INDUSTRY SUPPORT AND STANDARDS 125
An International Disk Storage Organization 125
TABLE 52 MISSION OF THE IDEMA 125
Where Storage Is Made 126
TABLE 53 GLOBAL STORAGE MANUFACTURING COMPANIES BY
REGION, 2009 (%) 126
STANDARDS 127
TABLE 54 REPRESENTATIVE STANDARDS TOPICS 127
DEVELOPMENTS IN PVD TECHNOLOGY 127
STORAGE GROWTH FACTORS 128
Driving Force for PVD 129
Impact of Market Growth Factors 129
TABLE 55 IMPACT OF MAJOR FACTORS ON THE GROWTH OF PVD
IN THE DATA STORAGE PRODUCTS MARKET, 2010 (%) 129
STORAGE APPLICATIONS 130
TABLE 56 KEY STORAGE APPLICATIONS BY SUBSTRATE
MATERIAL 130
PVD SYSTEM TYPES 131
EMERGING APPLICATIONS 131
Tape Products Have a Long History 132
TABLE 57 HISTORY OF TAPE STORAGE PRODUCTS AND
FUNCTION 132
Disk Products 133
Optical Disks 133
Nanofilms 134
ADVANTAGES OF PVD IN THE STORAGE INDUSTRY 134
TABLE 58 MAJOR PLUSES OF PVD FOR STORAGE PRODUCTS 134
Driving More Flash Storage Presents Challenges 135
MAJOR MATERIALS USED IN STORAGE MEDIA 135
TABLE 59 MAJOR MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY PVD FOR THE
FABRICATION OF STORAGE DEVICES, 2010 136
STORAGE MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 137
PROJECTED PVD EQUIPMENT DEMAND 138
Growth Trends 138
TABLE 60 GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR THE DATA
STORAGE INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2011 (VALUE AND
PERCENTAGE RATIO) 138
FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—PVD GROWTH IN THE
STORAGE INDUSTRY 139
TABLE 61 FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—PVD GROWTH IN DATA
STORAGE 140
TABLE 62 PROJECTED GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR
DATA STORAGE, THROUGH 2016 141
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD SHIPMENTS 141
TABLE 63 FORECAST—VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD SHIPMENTS BY
TYPE FOR THE STORAGE PRODUCTS INDUSTRY, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 141
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL VALUE OF PVD EQUIPMENT SHIPMENTS FOR
THE DATA STORAGE INDUSTRY, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 142
FORECAST—VALUE OF DEPOSITED MATERIALS FOR
STORAGE PRODUCTS 143
Measurement Considerations 143
Sputtering Target Materials 144
TABLE 64 FORECAST—GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS
DEPOSITED BY PVD IN THE STORAGE INDUSTRY, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 144
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF MATERIALS FOR PVD IN THE
STORAGE INDUSTRY, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 145
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD SERVICES 146
TABLE 65 FORECAST—VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD SERVICES IN THE
DATA STORAGE INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 146
CHAPTER NINE: PVD IN THE CUTTING TOOL MARKET 147
PVD IN THE CUTTING TOOL MARKET 147
PRODUCT DEFINITION 148
TABLE 66 GENERAL TYPES OF CUTTING TOOLS COATED BY PVD 148
CUTTING TOOL INDUSTRY COMPETITIVENESS 148
IMPACT OF A CONTINUING GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRISIS 149
TABLE 67 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR CUTTING TOOLS, THROUGH
2016 ($ BILLIONS) 149
Industry Reaction 150
CUTTING TOOL ECONOMICS 150
INTERNATIONAL CONDITIONS 151
Changing Market Shares 151
TABLE 68 GLOBAL CUTTING TOOL MARKET BY REGION, 2010-2016
(%) 151
TECHNOLOGY 152
CUTTING TOOL GROWTH FACTORS 152
Driving Force for PVD 153
Impact of Market Growth Factors 153
TABLE 69 IMPACT OF MAJOR FACTORS ON THE GROWTH OF PVD
IN THE CUTTING TOOL INDUSTRY (%) 153
CUTTING TOOL APPLICATIONS 154
TABLE 70 BASIC CUTTING TOOL PVD APPLICATIONS 154
TYPES OF PVD SYSTEMS 155
PVD Versus CVD Process 155
ADVANTAGES OF PVD IN CUTTING TOOL COATING 156
KEY MATERIALS DEPOSITED ON CUTTING TOOLS 157
TABLE 71 KEY MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY PVD FOR CUTTING
TOOL APPLICATIONS 157
NANOCOATINGS 158
PVD COATED CARBIDES 158
CUTTING TOOL MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 158
PVD EQUIPMENT DEMAND 159
Fluctuating Growth Trends 159
TABLE 72 GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR THE CUTTING
TOOL INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016 (VALUE AND PERCENTAGE
RATIO) 160
FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—PVD IN THE CUTTING TOOL
INDUSTRY 160
TABLE 73 FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS FOR PVD GROWTH IN
CUTTING TOOLS 161
TABLE 74 PROJECTED GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR THE
CUTTING TOOL INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016 162
FORECAST -VALUE OF PVD SHIPMENTS 162
TABLE 75 FORECAST—VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD EQUIPMENT FOR
THE CUTTING TOOL INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 163
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL VALUE OF PVD SHIPMENTS FOR THE CUTTING
TOOL INDUSTRY, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 164
FORECAST—VALUE OF CUTTING TOOL MATERIAL
SHIPMENTS 164
Measurement Considerations 165
Sputtering Target Materials 165
TABLE 76 FORECAST-GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS DEPOSITED
BY PVD FOR CUTTING TOOL APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 165
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY PVD
FOR THE CUTTING TOOL INDUSTRY, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 166
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD SERVICES 166
TABLE 77 FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD COATING SERVICES IN THE
CUTTING TOOL INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 167
CHAPTER TEN: PVD IN THE SOLAR INDUSTRY 168
PRODUCT DEFINITION 169
THE PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECT 169
SOLAR THERMAL TECHNOLOGY 169
Our Focus 170
KINDS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PRODUCTS 170
TABLE 78 BASIC TYPES OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PRODUCTS 170
SOLAR INDUSTRY COMPETITIVENESS 171
ENERGY DEMAND, THE ENVIRONMENT AND COSTS 171
TABLE 79 OVERVIEW OF SOLAR ENERGY STATUS, 2011 172
IMPACT OF CURRENT GLOBAL ECONOMIC CONDITIONS 173
TABLE 80 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR SOLAR CELLS, THROUGH 2011 ($
BILLIONS) 173
Future Expectations 173
GLOBAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY IN
SOLAR ENERGY 174
North America 174
TABLE 81 MAJOR RESEARCH PROJECTS AT ENREL 174
European Industry Activities 175
Japanese Participation in Solar 175
TABLE 82 WHY THE JAPANESE INVESTED IN PHOTOVOLTAICS 176
Other Asian and Chinese Activities 176
TECHNOLOGY 176
Nanoscale Solar Technology 177
SOLAR INDUSTRY GROWTH FACTORS 177
Driving Force for PVD 178
Impact of Market Growth Factors 178
TABLE 83 IMPACT OF MAJOR FACTORS IN THE GROWTH OF PVD
IN THE SOLAR INDUSTRY (%) 178
SOLAR INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 179
TABLE 84 BASIC PVD SOLAR INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 179
EMERGING SOLAR APPLICATIONS 180
TABLE 85 EMERGING PVD SOLAR APPLICATIONS 180
Organic Solar Cells 180
More Nanofilms 180
Traditional Materials 181
TYPES OF PVD SYSTEMS 181
ADVANTAGES OF PVD IN SOLAR MANUFACTURING 181
TABLE 86 MAJOR ADVANTAGES OF PVD IN MAKING SOLAR CELLS 182
MAJOR MATERIALS USED IN THE SOLAR INDUSTRY 182
TABLE 87 MAJOR MATERIALS FOR SOLAR APPLICATIONS 183
NEWER MATERIALS 184
SOLAR MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 184
PVD EQUIPMENT DEMAND 185
Solar and PVD Growth Trends 185
TABLE 88 GROWTH TRENDS FOR PVD IN THE SOLAR INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2009 ($ MILLIONS) 185
FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—PVD GROWTH IN THE SOLAR
INDUSTRY 186
TABLE 89 FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS FOR PVD GROWTH IN THE
SOLAR INDUSTRY 186
TABLE 90 PROJECTED GLOBAL GROWTH TRENDS FOR PVD IN
THE SOLAR MARKET, THROUGH 2016 187
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD SHIPMENTS 188
TABLE 91 FORECAST—VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD SHIPMENTS FOR
THE SOLAR INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 188
FIGURE 10 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PVD EQUIPMENT FOR USE IN
THE SOLAR INDUSTRY, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 189
FORECAST—VALUE OF SOLAR MATERIALS 189
Material Market Definition 189
Measurement Considerations 190
TABLE 92 FORECAST—GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS
DEPOSITED BY PVD FOR THE SOLAR INDUSTRY, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 190
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL VALUE OF PVD SHIPMENTS FOR THE SOLAR
INDUSTRY, 2010-2016 ($ MILLION) 191
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD SERVICES 192
TABLE 93 FORECAST—VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD SERVICES IN THE
SOLAR INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 192
CHAPTER ELEVEN: PVD IN THE OPTICS INDUSTRY 193
PVD IN THE OPTICS INDUSTRY 193
PRODUCT DEFINITION 194
TABLE 94 BASIC TYPES OF OPTICAL PRODUCTS 194
COMPETITIVENESS OF THE OPTICAL INDUSTRY 194
ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT 194
TABLE 95 ECONOMIC GROWTH FACTORS FOR THE OPTICS
INDUSTRY 195
IMPACT OF GLOBAL ECONOMIC CONDITIONS 195
TABLE 96 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR OPTICAL PRODUCTS THROUGH
2011 ($ BILLIONS) 196
OPTICS INDUSTRY AND GOVERNMENT SUPPORT 196
TECHNOLOGY 197
TABLE 97 KEY TO SUCCESSFUL OPTICAL COATINGS 197
OPTICAL MARKET GROWTH FACTORS 198
Driving Force for PVD 198
Impact on Market Growth Factors 199
TABLE 98 IMPACT OF MAJOR FACTORS IN PVD GROWTH IN THE
OPTICS INDUSTRY (%) 199
OPTICS INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 199
TABLE 99 MOST COMMON OPTICS PVD APPLICATIONS 200
Plastic Lenses 200
Nanocoatings 201
TYPES OF PVD SYSTEMS 201
MATERIALS USED FOR OPTICAL APPLICATIONS 202
TABLE 100 KEY MATERIALS USED FOR OPTICAL COATINGS 202
OPTICAL MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 203
PVD EQUIPMENT DEMAND 203
Changing Growth Trends 204
TABLE 101 GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR THE OPTICS
INDUSTRY THROUGH 2016 204
FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—PVD IN OPTICS 204
TABLE 102 FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—PVD GROWTH IN THE
OPTICS MARKET 205
TABLE 103 PROJECTED GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR
THE OPTICS INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016 206
FORECAST—VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD SHIPMENTS 206
TABLE 104 FORECAST—VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD EQUIPMENT
SHIPMENTS BY TYPE FOR THE OPTICS INDUSTRY, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 207
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL VALUE OF PVD SHIPMENTS FOR THE
OPTICAL INDUSTRY, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 208
FORECAST—VALUE OF OPTICAL MATERIAL SHIPMENTS 208
Measurement Considerations 209
Sputtering Target Materials 209
TABLE 105 FORECAST—GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS
DEPOSITED BY PVD IN THE OPTICS INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016
($ MILLIONS) 210
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY PVD IN
THE OPTICS INDUSTRY, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 211
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD SERVICES 211
TABLE 106 FORECAST—VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD SERVICES IN THE
OPTICS INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 212
CHAPTER TWELVE: PVD IN THE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MARKET 213
PVD IN THE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MARKET 213
PRODUCT DEFINITION 214
TABLE 107 BASIC TYPES OF MEDICAL DEVICES 214
MEDICAL INDUSTRY COMPETITIVENESS 214
THE GLOBAL MEDICAL EQUIPMENT BUSINESS 215
TABLE 108 GLOBAL PRODUCTION OF MEDICAL EQUIPMENT AND
SUPPLIES BY REGION, 2010-2016 (%) 215
GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRISIS 216
TABLE 109 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR MEDICAL PRODUCTS
THROUGH 2010 ($ BILLIONS) 216
COST ISSUES 217
TECHNOLOGY 217
MEDICAL MARKET GROWTH FACTORS 218
Driving Force for PVD 218
Impact of Marketing Growth Factors 219
TABLE 110 IMPACT OF MAJOR FACTORS ON THE GROWTH OF PVD
IN THE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT INDUSTRY (%) 219
MEDICAL EQUIPMENT APPLICATIONS 219
TABLE 111 OVERVIEW OF MEDICAL EQUIPMENT APPLICATIONS 220
GROWING APPLICATIONS 220
TYPES OF PVD EQUIPMENT 221
MAJOR MATERIALS USED IN THE MEDICAL DEVICE INDUSTRY 221
TABLE 112 MAJOR THIN FILM MATERIALS USED TO
MANUFACTURE MEDICAL DEVICES AND EQUIPMENT 222
NANOMATERIALS 222
MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 223
SECOND-PHASE ECONOMIC PROBLEMS 223
GROWTH TRENDS 223
TABLE 113 GLOBAL GROWTH TRENDS OF PVD AND THE MEDICAL
EQUIPMENT INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2011 (VALUE AND
PERCENTAGE RATIO) 224
FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS FOR PVD IN THE MEDICAL
INDUSTRY 224
TABLE 114 FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS FOR PVD GROWTH IN THE
MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MARKET 225
TABLE 115 PROJECTED GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR
THE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MARKET, THROUGH 2016 225
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD EQUIPMENT SHIPMENTS 226
TABLE 116 FORECAST—GLOBAL VALUE OF PVD EQUIPMENT
SHIPMENTS FOR THE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 226
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL VALUE OF PVD EQUIPMENT SHIPMENTS FOR
THE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MARKET, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 227
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD MATERIALS 227
Measurement Considerations 228
Sputtering Target Materials 228
TABLE 117 FORECAST—GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS
DEPOSITED BY PVD IN THE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MARKET,
THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 228
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL VALUE OF PVD SHIPMENTS FOR THE
MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MARKET, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 229
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD SERVICES 229
TABLE 118 FORECAST—VALUE OF WORLDWIDE PVD SERVICES IN
THE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MARKET, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 230
CHAPTER THIRTEEN: PVD IN THE FLEXIBLE PACKAGING MARKET 231
PVD IN THE FLEXIBLE PACKAGING MARKET 231
PRODUCT DEFINITION 232
TABLE 119 REPRESENTATIVE PRODUCTS USING FLEXIBLE
PACKAGING 232
PACKAGING INDUSTRY COMPETITIVENESS 233
ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS AND THE RECESSION 233
Economic Impact Problems Still Impeding Growth 233
TABLE 120 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR FLEXIBLE PACKAGING,
THROUGH 2011 ($ BILLIONS) 233
INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITIES 234
European Activity 234
Increased Asian Activity 235
TABLE 121 POSITIVE FACTORS FOR INTERNATIONAL FLEXIBLE
PACKAGING 235
TECHNOLOGY 236
FLEXIBLE PACKAGING MARKET GROWTH FACTORS 236
Driving Force for PVD 236
Impact of Market Growth Factors 237
TABLE 122 IMPACT OF MAJOR GROWTH FACTORS ON PVD FOR
FLEXIBLE PACKAGING (%) 237
PACKAGING INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS 238
TRANSPARENT COATINGS 238
TABLE 123 KEY ADVANTAGES OF GLASS COATINGS 239
TABLE 124 OVERVIEW OF FLEXIBLE PACKAGING APPLICATIONS 239
TYPES OF PVD SYSTEMS 240
Web Coating Process 240
ADVANTAGES OF PVD IN FLEXIBLE PACKAGING 241
TABLE 125 ADVANTAGES OF PVD IN FLEXIBLE PACKAGING 241
KEY MATERIALS USED FOR FLEXIBLE PACKAGING 241
NANOMATERIALS 242
TABLE 126 KEY MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY PVD IN FLEXIBLE
PACKAGING 242
FLEXIBLE PACKAGING MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 243
PVD EQUIPMENT DEMAND 243
Growth Trends 244
TABLE 127 GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR THE FLEXIBLE
PACKAGING INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2011 244
FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—PVD IN FLEXIBLE
PACKAGING 244
TABLE 128 FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS FOR PVD GROWTH IN THE
FLEXIBLE PACKAGING MARKET 245
TABLE 129 PROJECTED GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR
THE SPECIALTY PACKAGING MARKET, THROUGH 2016 245
TABLE 130 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PVD EQUIPMENT BY TYPE
FOR FLEXIBLE PACKAGING, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 246
FIGURE 16 GLOBAL VALUE OF PVD EQUIPMENT SHIPMENTS FOR
THE FLEXIBLE PACKAGING MARKET, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 247
FORECAST—VALUE OF FLEXIBLE PACKAGING
MATERIALS 247
Measurement Considerations 248
Sputtering Targets 248
TABLE 131 FORECAST—GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS
DEPOSITED BY PVD IN THE FLEXIBLE PACKAGING INDUSTRY,
THROUGH 2016 ($ THOUSANDS) 249
FIGURE 17 GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY PVD IN
THE FLEXIBLE PACKAGING INDUSTRY, 2010-2016 ($
THOUSANDS) 250
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD SERVICES 250
TABLE 132 FORECAST—VALUE OF WORLDWIDE PVD SERVICES IN
THE FLEXIBLE PACKAGING INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 251
CHAPTER FOURTEEN: PVD IN THE INDUSTRIAL MARKET 252
PVD IN THE INDUSTRIAL MARKET 252
PRODUCT DEFINITION 253
TABLE 133 BASIC TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS 253
INDUSTRIAL MARKET COMPETITIVENESS 254
AUTOMOTIVE MARKET 254
Impact of the Economic Crisis 254
TABLE 134 GLOBAL AUTO PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2011 (UNITS
MILLIONS) 255
What’s Next? 255
TABLE 135 POSITIVE SIGNS FOR THE AUTO INDUSTRY’S FUTURE 255
Technology 256
AEROSPACE MARKET 256
Impact of the Economic Crisis 256
TABLE 136 U S AEROSPACE SALES, THROUGH 2011 256
International Market 257
Technology 257
MARKET GROWTH FACTORS FOR INDUSTRIAL PVD 257
Driving Force for PVD 258
Impact of Market Growth Factors 258
TABLE 137 IMPACT OF MAJOR FACTORS ON PVD GROWTH IN THE
INDUSTRIAL MARKET (%) 259
KEY INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS 259
AUTOMOTIVE 259
AEROSPACE 260
TABLE 138 OVERVIEW OF CURRENT AND EMERGING INDUSTRIAL
PVD APPLICATIONS 261
TYPES OF PVD SYSTEMS 261
ADVANTAGES OF PVD IN THE INDUSTRIAL MARKET 262
TABLE 139 ADVANTAGES OF PVD INDUSTRIAL COATINGS 262
KEY INDUSTRIAL COATING MATERIALS 263
TABLE 140 KEY MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY PVD FOR INDUSTRIAL
APPLICATIONS 263
INDUSTRIAL MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS 264
PVD EQUIPMENT DEMAND 264
Fluctuating Growth Trends 265
TABLE 141 GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD FOR THE
INDUSTRIAL MARKET, THROUGH 2011 265
FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—PVD IN THE INDUSTRIAL
MARKET 266
TABLE 142 FORECAST ASSUMPTIONS—PVD GROWTH IN THE
INDUSTRIAL MARKET 266
TABLE 143 PROJECTED GLOBAL GROWTH TREND OF PVD IN THE
INDUSTRIAL MARKET, THROUGH 2016 267
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD EQUIPMENT SHIPMENTS 267
TABLE 144 FORECAST—VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD SYSTEMS FOR
USE IN THE INDUSTRIAL MARKET, THROUGH 2016 ($
MILLIONS) 268
FIGURE 18 GLOBAL VALUE OF PVD MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY
PVD 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 269
FORECAST—VALUE OF INDUSTRIAL MATERIALS 269
Measurement Considerations 270
Sputtering Targets 270
Nanomaterials 270
TABLE 145 FORECAST—GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS
DEPOSITED BY PVD IN THE INDUSTRIAL MARKET, THROUGH
2016 ($ MILLIONS) 271
FIGURE 19 GLOBAL VALUE OF MATERIALS DEPOSITED BY PVD
FOR THE INDUSTRIAL MARKET, 2010-2016 ($ MILLIONS) 271
FORECAST—VALUE OF PVD SERVICES 272
TABLE 146 FORECAST—VALUE OF GLOBAL PVD SERVICES IN THE
INDUSTRIAL MARKET, THROUGH 2016 ($ MILLIONS) 272

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