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Description:

This report provides an overview of key developments around datacenters (technologies, players’ strategies, etc…). It looks at the arbitration facing stakeholders when deciding where to locate a new datacenter. Based on this, it expands to regional development and impacts for local authorities.

Region:

Africa,Asia,Europe,North America,Oceania,South America,France,Germany,Netherlands,United Kingdom,United States

Table Of Contents

Data centres - The digital engine of economic development
1. Executive Summary 7
1.1. Main findings 7
1.2. The data centre stakeholder ecosystem 8
1.3. Location of infrastructure around the globe 8
1.4. Close-up on Europe's top four data centre locations 9
1.5. Why do public authorities care about data centres? 10
1.6. Data centres' impact on economic development 11
2. Methodology 12
3. Core data centre technologies 14
3.1. The data centre 14
3.1.1. Controlling energy costs 16
3.1.2. Costs and key figures 20
3.2. The different data centre tiers 21
3.3. Server virtualisation: optimising power-hungry resources . 23
4. Main services provided by data centres 25
4.1. Cloud computing 25
4.1.1. Cloud computing 25
4.1.2. The three types of cloud services 26
4.1.3. Cloud architectures 27
4.2. Collocation and server hosting 29
5. How market players are positioned 30
5.1. Construction companies and outfitters 32
5.1.1. Power and cooling system suppliers 32
5.1.2. How hardware and software providers are positioned 33
5.1.3. Data centre construction companies 35
5.2. Telcos: operating data centres and selling IT services 37
5.2.1. Telcos 37
5.2.2. Web hosting companies 40
5.2.3. How the Internet giants are positioned 44
6. Data centre deployment criteria 48
6.1. Energy-related criteria 48
6.1.1. Reliability of the electrical grid 48
6.1.2. Electricity costs 49
6.1.3. Power availability 49
6.2. Telecom-related criteria 49
6.2.1. Optical fibre 49
6.2.2. Internet exchange points 49
6.3. Economic and financial criteria 49
6.3.1. Price per square metre 49
6.3.2. Taxes and fiscal incentives 50
6.3.3. Labour costs 50
6.4. Geographical and geopolitical criteria 50
6.4.1. Availability of labour in the region 50
6.4.2. Availability of suppliers in the region 50
6.4.3. Climate and temperature 50
6.4.4. Extreme weather, earthquake and technological risks 51
6.4.5. The country or region's political and economic stability . 51
6.5. Legal criteria 51
7. Data centres and superfast access 52
7.1. How the data centre market has evolved 52
7.1.1. Location of infrastructures around the globe 52
7.1.2. Close-up on Europe's top four data centre locations 54
7.2. Data centres in capital cities vs. local infrastructure: can they get along? . 56
7.2.1. Local companies 56
7.2.2. The sovereign cloud: national initiatives to counter American companies'
hegemony 58
7.3. How superfast access is affecting data centre deployments . 61
7.3.1. Superfast access rollouts in Europe 61
7.3.2. France's singular network rollout scheme: Public initiative networks . 62
7.3.3. Data centre costs 63
8. How data centres can affect economic development . 65

Tables

Table 1: Data centres by region 8
Table 2: Data centre tiers based on technical attributes 9
Table 3: A selection of recently opened data centre projects around Paris 10
Table 4: Indicative price of data centre components (server and network) . 20
Table 5: Average price of electricity in a selection of countries in 2011 (commercial rates) . 20
Table 6: Average figures for the construction of a traditional Tier 3 data centre . 21
Table 7: Uptime Institute's data centre tier attributes 22
Table 8: How players are positioned in relation to data centres 31
Table 9: Energy and cooling companies' involvement in data centre construction and design . 32
Table 10: Hardware and software providers' physical services 33
Table 11: Data centre services sold by hardware and software providers 33
Table 12: Hardware and software providers' data centres, by region 34
Table 13: Services offered by data centre builders 35
Table 14: Data centre-related services sold by data centre builders 36
Table 15: Data centre builders' presence in data centre operations 36
Table 16: Geographical distribution and energy efficiency of telco data centres 38
Table 17: Data centre-related services sold by telcos 38
Table 18: Data centre-related services sold by telcos 40
Table 19: Geographical distribution and energy efficiency of telco data centres 41
Table 20: Data centre-related services sold by the Internet giants 44
Table 21: Geographical distribution and energy efficiency of Internet giants' data centres 44
Table 22: Datacenter Risk Index for 2013 48
Table 23: Data centre numbers by region 52
Table 24: Top 20 data centre locations 53
Table 25: Data centre tiers according to technical attributes 54
Table 26: Deployment costs for the four data centre tiers 54
Table 27: A selection of recently opened data centre projects in and around Paris . 56
Table 28: Details on a selection of regional data centres in France 57
Table 29: Sovereign cloud computing projects in France 58
Table 30: A selection of regional data centres in Europe 59
Table 31: Two sovereign French cloud project 60
Table 32: Funding for public cloud projects in France, Germany and the UK . 60
Table 33: FTTx subscribers by region, December 2012 61
Table 34: Data centre construction layout 64
Figures
Figure 1: Data centre users 7
Figure 2: Data centres' two levels of operation, and the players involved 8
Figure 3: Data centres in Europe 9
Figure 5: Why public authorities care about data centres 10
Figure 6: A data centre 14
Figure 7: Evolution of PUE in Google data centres 2007-2010 16
Figure 8: Breakdown of data centre power consumption 17
Figure 9: Example of direct free cooling 17
Figure 10: Water-based cooling, reused to heat homes in Helsinki 18
Figure 11: A hot and cold aisle cooing system 19
Figure 12: Two examples of a container data centre, from HP and Sun 19
Figure 13: Map of Uptime Institute certified data centres in Europe, in 2013 . 22
Figure 14: Virtualisation of two virtual machines 23
Figure 15: Workstation virtualisation 23
Figure 16: Data centre service tiers 25
Figure 17: The three types of cloud service, inside the data centre ecosystem . 26
Figure 18: The different cloud architectures 29
Figure 19: Data centres' two levels of operation, and the players involved 30
Figure 20: Map of BT data centres around the globe 40
Figure 21: Map of the main Telehouse - KDDI data centres 41
Figure 22: Map of the main OVH data centres 42
Figure 23: Open core: the data centre in Roubaix 43
Figure 24: Map of the main Equinix data centres 43
Figure 25: Map of Google data centres 45
Figure 26: Google's quarterly capex 46
Figure 27: Map of Amazon data centres 47
Figure 28: Map of the world's data centres 52
Figure 29: Data centres in Europe 54
Figure 30: Data centre locations in France 55
Figure 31: Data centre locations in Germany 55
Figure 32: Combined increase in public-initiative networks, by type of backer 62
Figure 33: Data centre construction scheme 63
Figure 34: Sample data centre layout 63
Figure 35: Data centre construction breakdown 64
Figure 36: Data centre operating cost breakdown 64
Figure 37: Data centre users 65
Figure 38: New IT services for business incubators 67

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