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Business to Business Energy Trading

  • January 2015
  • -
  • Aruvian's R'search
  • -
  • 110 pages

The energy community is slowly emerging from two decades of obsession with speculation and trading. The era of the energy traders began in the early 1980s, with the deregulation of oil markets by the Reagan and Thatcher administrations, gathered force as Enron and its fellow travelers extended the trading culture to the natural gas and later electricity businesses, and came to an abrupt end in 2002 with the sudden collapse of confidence in many of the premises of the Enron model.

In retrospect, the rise of the energy trader paralleled a national fascination with making gains from an activity that usually operates on the margin of the economy. While every trader with swagger believes he or she will add immense value to an enterprise, with a few notable exceptions, most do not do so. Every experienced trading manager knows that, left to their own devices, most traders will in fact lose money.

The frontier of energy trading remains at the points where natural gas, LNG, oil, and electricity businesses converge. Oil and dry (North American) gas trading are now mature businesses. LNG and electricity trading remain new and challenging.

The global energy industry is undergoing dramatic changes with nearly every country going in for deregulation. What has emerged from this is a decoupling of the energy producer and consumer and introduction of an intermediary class of enterprises which deal in energy as a commodity, much like the wholesale grain merchants. And, in accordance with the times, these energy merchants are increasingly conducting their trades through the Internet.

This boom in online energy trading has provided a golden opportunity for many companies trading in financial securities to change over to handling energy companies’ risk as well. Aruvian’s R’search’s report on Business to Business Energy Trading explores all the facets of this fast growing industry and provides a look at what makes up trading of energy exchanges. The report looks at the leading market places in today’s age, as well as the infamous Enron fiasco. An analysis of the technologies involved in B2B Energy Trading is also included in the report, along with the basics of energy trading, the process itself, parties involved, and much more. Read on inside to discover more.

Table Of Contents

Business to Business Energy Trading
A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Energy Trading
B.1 Defining Energy Trading
B.2 Emergence of a Global Energy Market
B.3 Limiting Energy Trading
B.4 Promotion of Location-Based Marginal Prices

C. Profiling the Industry
C.1 Reservations on Market Performance
C.2 Industry Reforms
C.3 Determining Risks in Energy Trading
C.4 Influencing the Stakeholders
C.5 Differentiating between B2B and B2C
C.6 Trading On-line and Via Auctions
C.7 Analyzing B2B Energy Trading

D. Essentials of Energy Trading
D.1 Strategies for Corporate Success
D.1.1 Evolving Organizational Capabilities
D.1.2 Focus on Regulation
D.1.3 Importance of IT
D.2 Maturity Curve and Energy Trading
D.3 Energy Trading Stages of Tomorrow
D.3.1 Transforming Existing Systems
D.3.2 Emergence of Service-Oriented Architecture
D.3.3 Importance of Data Access

E. Hedging and Energy Trading

F. Technologies Involved in Energy Trading
F.1 Introduction
F.2 Straight through Processing Technology

G. Corporate World and Dynamics of Energy Trading
G.1 Trading Strategy
G.2 Importance of Market Intelligence
G.3 Experience of Energy Forecasting
G.4 Governance Processes
G.5 Risks for Companies Involved in Energy Trading
G.5.1 Integrating Dynamic Value Management
G.5.2 Changing Approach to Risk Management
G.5.3 Economies of Scale and Consolidation

H. Basics of Energy Trading
H.1 Effect of Energy Trading on the Energy Market

I. Managing the Risk of Energy Trading
I.1 Essentials of Energy Trading
I.2 IT Applications
I.3 Information Infrastructure
I.4 Functionality of the Trading Life Cycle
I.5 Integrating Stages in the Life Cycle
I.6 Laying the Right IT Foundation

J. Changing Landscape of Energy Trading
J.1 Commoditization Process
J.2 Short-Term Forward Trading
J.3 E-commerce Intermediaries
J.4 Managing Counter-Party Credit Risk
J.5 Future of E-commerce Trading
J.6 Consolidation of Markets
J.7 Inter-Dependencies of Markets

K. Leading Market Places
K.1 Energy Data Management (EDM) Pro
K.2 Enermetrix.com
K.3 Utility.com
K.4 HoustonStreet.com
K.5 Wisconsinpublicservice.com
K.6 Altrade
K.7 Continental Power Exchange (CPEX)
K.8 The Demand Exchange
K.9 EnronOnline (EOL)
K.10 TradeSpark
K.11 Intercontinental Exchange
K.12 New York Mercantile Exchange

L. Outlook for Energy Trading

M. Appendix
M.1 Case Study of the Coasian Model
M.2 Figures and Tables

N. Glossary of Terms

List of Figures

Figure 1: Maturity of Energy Markets
Figure 2: Determining Market Maturity
Figure 3: Judging Risks for Parties Involved
Figure 4: Strategies for Trading Success
Figure 5: Maturity Curve
Figure 6: Risks for Companies
Figure 7: Importance of Market Intelligence
Figure 8: The EDM Process
Figure 9: Life Cycle of Energy Trading
Figure 10: Architecture Integration and Energy Trading
Figure 11: Integration, Functionalities and Energy Trading
Figure 12: Business Drivers

List of Tables

Table 1: Major B2B Trading Market Places
Table 2: Applications of Energy Trading
Table 3: Trading Processes

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