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Analyzing the Oil & Gas Industry in China

  • February 2014
  • -
  • Aruvian's R'search
  • -
  • 265 pages

In 2012, China was the fourth largest oil producer in the world, along with being the second largest consumer of oil as well. On the other hand, natural gas is not too much of a popular option in the country, accounting for less than four percent of the total energy consumption in China in 2009. Though the usage of natural gas is also rising over the years, yet oil demand remains set to grow substantially in China.

The potential of unconventional gas resources is significant in the Chinese oil and gas industry. Shale gas and coal bed methane (CBM) are witnessing a relatively strong growth in terms of exploration. China is also exploring the potential of methane hydrates as an energy sources from the seabed.

Aruvian Research analyzes the Oil and Gas Industry in China in its research report Analyzing the Oil & Gas Industry in China. The report is a complete coverage of the growing industry for oil and gas in the country. We begin with an insight into the industry background and then analyze the energy industry in China briefly through a Porter's Five Forces Strategy Analysis. Moving to the analysis of the oil and gas industry in China we analyze the industry through an overview, regulation of the energy industry in China, the energy policy in the country and the regulatory framework governing the oil & gas industry in China. Energy relations with other countries and the popular concept of oil-for-loan deals in China are analyzed. We analyze China's cooperation in the field of oil and gas with several countries such as Kazakhstan, Brazil, Turkmenistan, Russia, Venezuela and others. The dispute over the South China Sea and China's particular interest in this area is also looked at. Aruvian Research's report also analyzes the growing Chinese investment in the African region.

We also analyze the oil and gas reserves in China, offshore reserves and exploration in China, coal bed methane market, shale oil & gas in China, reserves of methane hydrates in China along with a forecast for the Chinese oil & gas sector. A SWOT framework analysis of the Chinese oil & gas industry is included.

An in-depth analysis of the oil sector in China follows next. The sector is analyzed through an overview, pricing reforms in the sector, oil exploration and production (both onshore & offshore), supply & demand scenario and the consumption of oil in China. We take a look at the strategic oil reserves in China, oil imports, the various oil pipelines, along with a sector outlook up to 2017 and beyond.

China has the second largest refining industry in the world after the United States. We analyze the refining sector separately in this report through the major refining regions in China and the major refineries in China, along with industry statistics.

The potential of coal to liquids and coal to gas in China is analyzed as well in this report.

Moving on to the analysis of the gas sector in China, we include an industry overview, the pricing of natural gas in China, natural gas exploration and production through various regions as well as offshore gas production. Supply & demand scenario is included up to 2022. Consumption and storage of natural gas is looked at, followed by an analysis of the major gas pipelines in China. The report analyzes the potential for coal bed methane (CBM) and shale gas in China, along with gas production from tight formations. Market outlook up to 2022 is included.

An analysis of the LNG market in China is included as well.

Competition in the industry and a thorough analysis of the major industry players completes this research report. Each industry player is analyzed through a corporate profile, business segment analysis, company strategies, industry position, financial analysis and a SWOT analysis. In the case of foreign companies, we include an overview of their operations and strategies in China.

Table Of Contents

Analyzing the Oil and Gas Industry in China
A. Executive Summary

B. Industry Background

C. Energy Industry in China - Porter's Five Forces Strategy Analysis
C.1 Introduction
C.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers
C.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
C.4 Competitive Rivalry in the Industry
C.5 Threat of New Entrants
C.6 Threat of Substitutes
C.7 Conclusion

D. Oil and Gas Industry in China
D.1 Industry Overview
D.2 Regulation of the Energy Industry in China
D.3 China's Energy Policy
D.4 Regulatory Framework
D.5 Energy Relations/Oil-for-Loan Deals
D.5.1 Overview
D.5.2 Significance of Africa for China
D.5.3 Cooperation with Kazakhstan
D.5.4 Cooperation with Russia
D.5.5 Cooperation with Turkmenistan
D.5.6 Cooperation with Brazil
D.5.7 Cooperation with Ecuador
D.5.8 Cooperation with Venezuela
D.5.9 Energy Relations with Japan
D.5.10 Energy Relations with Myanmar
D.5.11 Energy Relations with Taiwan
D.5.12 Dispute over South China Sea
D.6 Oil and Gas Reserves
D.7 Offshore Reserves and Exploration
D.8 Coal Bed Methane in China
D.9 Shale Oil and Gas in China
D.10 Reserves of Methane Hydrates
D.11 Industry Forecast

E. Oil and Gas Industry in China: SWOT Analysis
E.1 Strengths
E.2 Weaknesses
E.3 Opportunities
E.4 Threats

F. Oil Industry in China
F.1 Industry Overview
F.2 Pricing Reform in the Oil Sector
F.3 Oil Exploration and Production in China
F.3.1 Onshore Oil Production
F.3.2 Offshore Oil Production
F.4 Supply and Demand Scenario
F.5 Consumption of Oil
F.6 Strategic Oil Reserves in China
F.7 Oil Imports
F.8 Oil Pipelines
F.8.1 Atasu-Alashankou Pipeline
F.8.2 ESPO Pipeline
F.8.3 Myanmar-China Pipeline
F.8.4 Pakistan-China Pipeline
F.8.5 Rizhao-Dongming Pipeline
F.9 Acquisitions of International Projects
F.10 National Oil Companies in China
F.11 Market Outlook

G. Refining Industry in China
G.1 Industry Overview
G.2 Refineries in Dongbei
G.3 Refineries in Huádong
G.4 Refining in Xibei
G.5 Refineries in Xinan
G.6 Refineries in Zhongnán

H. Coal-to-Liquids in China

I. Gas Industry in China
I.1 Industry Overview
I.2 Pricing of Natural Gas in China
I.3 Natural Gas Exploration and Production in China
I.3.1 Sichuan Basin
I.3.2 Xinjiang
I.3.3 Chanqing Oil and Gas Province
I.3.4 Offshore Gas Production
I.4 Supply and Demand Scenario
I.5 Consumption of Natural Gas
I.6 Natural Gas Storage
I.7 Gas Pipelines
I.7.1 Altai Gas Pipeline
I.7.2 Central Asian Gas Pipeline (CAGP)
I.7.3 Coal Bed Methane Pipeline
I.7.4 Myanmar-China Gas Pipeline
I.7.5 Sichuan-East China Gas Pipeline
I.7.6 Sichuan Shale Gas Pipeline
I.7.7 West-East Pipeline
I.8 Market for Coal Bed Methane
I.9 Market for Shale Gas
I.10 Gas Production from Tight Formations
I.11 National Oil and Gas Companies in China
I.12 Market Outlook

J. Liquefied Natural Gas in China
J.1 Industry Overview
J.2 LNG Imports
J.3 LNG Receiving Terminals
J.3.1 Terminals in Dongbei
J.3.2 Terminals in Huabei
J.3.3 Terminals in Huadong
J.3.4 Terminals in Xinan
J.3.5 Terminals in Zhongnan
J.4 LNG Storage

K. Coal to Gas in China

L. Competition in the Industry

M. Major Industry Players
M.1 China National Petroleum Corporation
M.1.1 Corporate Profile
M.1.2 Business Segment Analysis
M.1.3 Company Strategy
M.1.4 Industry Position
M.1.5 Financial Analysis
M.1.6 SWOT Analysis
M.2 China National Offshore Oil Corporation
M.2.1 Corporate Profile
M.2.2 Business Segment Analysis
M.2.3 Company Strategy
M.2.4 Industry Position
M.2.5 Financial Analysis
M.2.6 SWOT Analysis
M.3 China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation
M.3.1 Corporate Profile
M.3.2 Business Segment Analysis
M.3.3 Company Strategy
M.3.4 Industry Position
M.3.5 Financial Analysis
M.3.6 SWOT Analysis
M.4 PetroChina Company Limited
M.4.1 Corporate Profile
M.4.2 Business Segment Analysis
M.4.3 Company Strategy
M.4.4 Industry Position
M.4.5 Financial Analysis
M.4.6 SWOT Analysis
M.5 Shell China
M.5.1 Corporate Profile
M.5.2 Business Segment Analysis
M.5.3 Company Strategy
M.5.4 Industry Position
M.5.5 Financial Analysis
M.5.6 SWOT Analysis
M.6 ExxonMobil China
M.6.1 Corporate Profile
M.6.2 Business Segment Analysis
M.6.3 Company Strategy
M.6.4 Industry Position
M.6.5 Financial Analysis
M.6.6 SWOT Analysis
M.7 BP China
M.7.1 Corporate Profile
M.7.2 Business Segment Analysis
M.7.3 Company Strategy
M.7.4 Industry Position
M.7.5 Financial Analysis
M.7.6 SWOT Analysis
M.8 Chevron Corporation
M.8.1 Corporate Profile
M.8.2 Business Segment Analysis
M.8.3 Company Strategy
M.8.4 Industry Position
M.8.5 Financial Analysis
M.8.6 SWOT Analysis
M.9 Husky Energy
M.9.1 Corporate Profile
M.9.2 Business Segment Analysis
M.9.3 Company Strategy
M.9.4 Industry Position
M.9.5 Financial Analysis
M.9.6 SWOT Analysis
M.10 Total SA
M.10.1 Corporate Profile
M.10.2 Business Segment Analysis
M.10.3 Company Strategy
M.10.4 Industry Position
M.10.5 Financial Analysis
M.10.6 SWOT Analysis
M.11 Other Companies Operating in Chinese Oil and Gas Industry
M.11.1 BG Group
M.11.2 ConocoPhillips
M.11.3 Eni SpA
M.11.4 Others

N. Appendix

List of Figures

Figure 1: Imports of Crude Oil to China by Geographic Segmentation (in '000 Barrels per Day), 2009-2013
Figure 2: Crude Oil Exports from Latin American Countries to China (in '000 Barrels per Day), 2009-2013
Figure 3: Methane Hydrate Reserves in Shenhu Region in South China Sea
Figure 4: Production and Consumption of Oil in China (in thousand barrels per day), 1991-2013
Figure 5: Major Oilfields in China
Figure 6: Crude Oil Imports in China by Destination (in thousand barrels per day), 2011
Figure 7: Major Oil Pipelines in China
Figure 8: Imports, Production and Consumption of Refined Petroleum in China (in '000 Barrels per Day), 2001-2017
Figure 9: Crude Basket Average Price and Retail Price of Gasoline and Diesel in China, March 2009-March 2013
Figure 10: Natural Gas Production and Consumption in China (in billion cubic feet), 2000-2011
Figure 11: Major Gas Pipelines in China
Figure 12: Natural Gas Production, Consumption and Exports in China (in bcm), 2001-2017
Figure 13: Major Import Destinations for China LNG Market (%), 2011
Figure 14: LNG Terminals in China - Planned, Under Construction and Present
Figure 15: Administrative Control of Chinese NOCs
Figure 16: Chinese Outward Foreign Direct Investments (OFDI) Destination by Region, 2011-2013 (in USD Billion)
Figure 17: Chinese OFDI Sector Breakdown (in USD Billion)
Figure 18: China's Crude Oil Imports by Destination, 2011 (in Thousand Barrels per Day)
Figure 19: Chinese Regulatory Bodies before March 2008 Reforms
Figure 20: Chinese Regulatory Bodies after March 2008 Reforms
Figure 21: Structure for Oil-for-Resources Deal
Figure 22: NOC Net Profits from 2001-2012 (in RMB Billion)

List of Tables

Table 1: Investment in African Upstream Projects by China
Table 2: Investment in African Downstream Projects by China
Table 3: Proven Reserves of Oil and Gas and Hydrocarbons Production and Consumption in China, 2011-2016
Table 4: Proven Reserves of Oil and Gas and Hydrocarbons Production and Consumption in China, 2017-2022
Table 5: Oil and Gas Reserves in East China and South China Sea
Table 6: Shale Gas in China versus Other Shale Fields
Table 7: Development of Shale Gas in China
Table 8: Oil Production and Exports in China, 2011-2016
Table 9: Strategic Petroleum Reserves in China
Table 10: Commercial Oil Storage Capacity in China
Table 11: Commercial Oil Storage Terminals in China
Table 12: Forecast for Oil Production and Exports in China, 2017-2022
Table 13: Refining in China - Production and Consumption, 2011-2016
Table 14: Refining Forecast in China - Production and Consumption, 2017-2022
Table 15: Refineries in China
Table 16: Gas Production, Consumption and Exports in China, 2011-2016
Table 17: Forecast for Gas Production, Consumption and Exports in China, 2017-2022
Table 18: Major LNG Terminals in China (Current and Upcoming/Proposed)
Table 19: LNG Supply Deals of China
Table 20: Performance of the Major Players in the Chinese Oil and Gas Industry
Table 21: Major Upstream Players and their Statistics
Table 22: Major Downstream Players and their Statistics
Table 23: Petroleum Resources of Three Main Exploratory Blocks in China
Table 24: Petroleum Resources of Main Petroliferous Basins (in million tons)
Table 25: Natural Gas Resources of Three Main Blocks of China
Table 26: Natural Gas Resources of Main Gas-Bearing Basins in China (1012 m3)
Table 27: Stock Market Listings of China's National Oil Companies
Table 28: China's Petroleum Industry: Background

Companies Mentioned

China National Petroleum Corporation
China National Offshore Oil Corporation
China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation
PetroChina Company Limited
Shell China
ExxonMobil China
BP China
Chevron Corporation
Husky Energy
Total SA
BG Group
Eni SpA

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