E-Textiles: Electronic Textiles 2014-2024

  • October 2014
  • -
  • IDTechEx Ltd
  • -
  • 151 pages

At least 70% of our time we are in contact with textiles and they are starting to become intelligent. This report is about the ultimate form of that - e-textiles based on inherently electronically or electrically-active woven e-fibers. These disruptive technologies will have an exponentially increasing market but with a slow start because they are so challenging. E-textiles vary from apparel to drapes, bandages and bed linen but most is in the laboratory not production. They will variously be able to sense, emit light, show changing images, heat, cool, change shape, compute and wirelessly communicate or harvest ambient energy to create electricity where needed, even diagnose and sometimes treat medical conditions.

E-textiles are the ultimate way of making the smart apparel rapidly being launched by Adidas, Reebock and Nike and the smart patches being rapidly adopted in healthcare. Conductive apparel and textiles with electronics attached by sewing, heat sealing and so on is already sold by many companies for many purposes and much of this will use true e-textiles based on e-fibers in due course. Here is a basis of subtle designer fashion as opposed to the popular but ugly smart apparel of today. Even the top design houses are following this next phase, which mainly exists in research laboratories at present. For the scientist, there is much of interest, including provision of weavable forms of fiber optics, carbon nanotubes and inorganic nanorods. For now, priorities include stretchable fibers, notably functioning as photovoltaics and supercapacitors for energy harvesting (you store what you gather) and as stretchable interconnects between very small chip components in textiles. Then there are fiber batteries, memory and many other components being demonstrated and a rapid move to several capabilities on one fiber such as sensors and electro-optics. In its thoughtful analysis, IDTechEx sees somewhat different winners in this new, more radical form of electronically and electrically active textile. We explain how several new developments are key for more than one capability of an e-fiber, examples including solid electrolytes for batteries, DSSC and supercapacitors and inherently very conductive fiber. Why is there much more work on piezoelectric fiber than transitor or memory fiber and what is it all for anyway? It is all here.

Compared to today's wearable electronics, for example, there is less opportunity to use true e-textiles for infotainment but more for fashion. However, both involve huge opportunities in the merging healthcare, medical, fitness and wellness sector. Winners will not be those currently dominating mobile phones and similar devices who are taking leadership in smart glasses, wristbands, headware etc., but the many start-ups, fashion houses, medical electronics companies and so on. Europe will be a strong contender with its unique transnational development programs that are exceptionally comprehensive along the emerging value chain. Timelines and approximate market size are given and development work appraised. There is also a look at smart textiles that may transistion to being true e-textiles.

Table Of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1. Challenges and opportunities
1.2. Results of survey of e-fiber projects for e-textiles
1.3. Market for wearable electronic devices and e-textiles 2014-2024
1.3.1. Market for wearable electronics 2014-2024
1.4. e-fiber technology
2. INTRODUCTION
2.1. Value chain
2.2. Failures
2.3. Key enabling technology
2.4. Conductive yarns
2.5. Solid state electrolytes
2.6. Parallel work on improved DSSC
2.7. Lessons from Samsung Future Technology Needs, London 16 June 2014
2.8. Structural components are the future
3. ELECTRICALLY AND ELECTRONICALLY ACTIVE FIBERS
3.1. Conductive fibers
3.1.1. CETEMMSA Spain
3.1.2. Clothing+ Finland
3.1.3. Cornell University USA, Bologna and Cagliari Universities Italy
3.1.4. ETHZ Switzerland
3.1.5. Florida State University USA
3.1.6. National Physical Laboratory NPL UK
3.1.7. Textronics (adidas) Germany
3.2. Piezoelectrics
3.2.1. Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
3.2.2. University of Bolton UK
3.3. Flexible piezoelectric fabric
3.3.1. Concordia University XS Labs Canada
3.3.2. Cornell University USA
3.3.3. Georgia Institute of Technology USA
3.3.4. Southampton University UK
3.3.5. University of California Berkeley USA
3.3.6. University of California, Berkeley USA
3.4. OLED display
3.4.1. Technical University of Darmstadt Germany
3.5. Photovoltaics
3.5.1. CETEMMSA and DEPHOTEX Spain
3.5.2. Illuminex USA
3.5.3. Konarka (no longer trading) USA, EPFL Switzerland
3.5.4. Penn State University USA and Southampton University UK
3.5.5. University of Southampton UK
3.6. Supercapacitors
3.6.1. Drexel University USA
3.6.2. Imperial College London
3.6.3. Powerweave European Commission
3.6.4. Supercapacitor yarn in China
3.6.5. University of Delaware USA
3.6.6. University of Wollongong Australia
3.7. Electro-optics and sensors
3.7.1. MIT's Research Lab of Electronics USA
3.7.2. Purdue University USA
3.8. Batteries
3.8.1. Polytechnic School of Montreal Canada
3.9. Self-healing polymers University of Illinois USA
3.10. Host CNT web University of Texas at Dallas USA
3.11. Transistors
3.12. Memory
3.12.1. NASA USA
4. ALLIED SUBJECT: ELECTRONICS TRAPPED IN TEXTILE FIBERS, IMPREGNATION, OVER-PRINTING
4.1. Micro Sphelar Power Corporation Japan
4.2. Nottingham Trent University UK
4.3. Supercapacitors: Drexel University USA
4.4. University of South Carolina USA
5. ALLIED SUBJECT: ELECTRONICS ON OR IN TEXTILES AND STITCHABLE PATCHES
5.1. Stitchable laminate for textiles: Wayne State University USA
5.2. Electrodynamic energy harvesting: Riga Technical University, Latvia
5.3. Sensors and photovoltaics: University of British Columbia Canada
5.4. Stitchable RFID labels: developments worldwide
5.4.1. Woven and flexible, washable tags
5.4.2. The laundry/ rented apparel RFID market
5.4.3. Sumitex International Japan
5.4.4. Sumitomo Bussan Japan
5.4.5. TexTrace
5.5. RFID for laundry and rented textiles
5.5.1. Payback
5.5.2. Technical requirements and trends
5.5.3. Laundry tag suppliers
5.5.4. Shirt to power low energy wearable electronics
5.5.5. Adidas Germany
5.6. Intelligent lighting
5.7. Plastic solar cells applied to energy clothing
5.8. Triboelectric generators
5.9. Battery for textiles
5.10. Weavable battery: Polytechnic School of Montreal in Canada
5.11. Spacewear
5.12. Fiber electroactive polymers: University of Texas at Dallas USA
5.13. Flexible optics Centre for Microsystems Technology/imec/Ghent University Belgium
6. MARKET FOR WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY: E-TEXTILE PART
6.1. Wearable electronics market potential by type
6.1.1. What sectors are meaningful in forecasts?
6.1.2. Definitely a growing business

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