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The 2014 study has 455 pages, 233 tables and figures.

Worldwide markets are poised to achieve significant growth as the food supply for the world starts to adopt automated process. Grow lights have become more sophisticated and less expensive to run as solar and wind energy are adopted by greenhouses and plant factories.
Plant Factory (PF), vertical farming is a closed environment in which plants are grown under lights in shelves stacked one on another. All the elements needed for plant growth are artificially controlled, a process that removes detrimental influences such as pesticides and poor weather conditions. Traditional agriculture lives at the mercy of the elements. A plant factory is run based on science. Science is used to produce plants based on carefully controlled spectrum best for plant growth, to produce plants of a fixed quality, quantity, cost, time to harvest, and tuned to control the sale price.

Plant factory weed control is able to achieve crop-yield increases. Robot technology is deploying machines for weed control, promising to improve crop yields. Robots make the crops safer by eliminating or virtually eliminating herbicides. Downstream processing system solutions and robots achieve automation of process. Robots meet stringent hygiene and safety regulations, work tirelessly 24 hours a day, and relieve human workers of physically arduous tasks. Robots contribute to the freshness, variety and quality of food. Projects are ongoing. High value crops are a target of agricultural robotic development. What could be tastier than a strawberry, perfectly formed, and perfectly ripened? New plant factories that grow fruits and vegetables on shelves indoors are able to improve the delivery of consistent quality food, and to implement efficiency in managing food production. Strawberries are a high profit crop. A new generation of plant factories have just been born making it forever spring in the strawberry growing business. Strawberry Harvesters with the world's most advanced technology to give maximum performance to a plant factory. Harvesting robots can optimize the productivity of the farming business. Growers can get the best results in a berry farm using automated process. Automated picking collection systems improve labor productivity, give speed and agility to harvest operations. Food factories produce organic vegetables. This represents a next step in the application of automated process to everyday life. Automated process for farming provides immediate help for food stores. Plant factories support farming practices that are not dependent on the climate. Food factories produce organic vegetables 24 hours a day. With the land available for farming depleting quickly, new types of farming are evolving.

PLANT FACTORIES MARKET DRIVING FORCES

• Demand for ability to grow food consistently
• Demand for ability to grow food locally
• Can grow food in warehouses
• Can grow food in the home
• Dedicating space that is efficient for producing food
• Fresh, sanitary food available consistently
• Food factories
• Ability to produce organic vegetables
• Ability to produce vegetables 24 hours a day
• Land available for farming depleting quickly
• New types of farming are evolving
• Growing of vegetables indoors all year round

A plant factory allows the growing of vegetables indoors all year round. It is a system that artificially creates the environment necessary for plants to grow by controlling the amount of culture solution, air, and light from light-emitting diodes (LED).
Because the amount of light, temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration levels can be optimized without being affected by the weather, the growth rate of vegetables is two to four times faster than those grown in open-air fields, and yields are ten to twenty times higher. Visible natural light has a spectrum different from grow lights. Visible light is measured by lux or energy. Plant factory grow lights are different. Grow lights provide artificial light used for plant growth. The spectrum of growth lights is tuned to the plant growing task. Plant light has photons from the blue to red (400–700 nm) part of the spectrum. This is called growth light. Horticulture lamps address the role of light in the growth and development of plants. Plant growth is a function of photosynthesis.

The plant growth lights work in three different ways:

* To provide all the light a plant needs to grow
* To supplement sunlight, especially in winter months when daylight hours are short
* To increase the length of the "day" in order to trigger specific growth and flowering

Because the amount of light, temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration levels can be optimized without being affected by the weather, the growth rate of vegetables is two to four times faster than those grown in open-air fields, and yields are ten to twenty times higher. According to Susan Eustis, lead author of the study, “Plant factories use growth light to automate and control growing. The ability to grow food consistently, locally represents a major breakthrough for humanity.” Grow lights permit people to grow food in warehouses and in the home, dedicating previously unused space to a purpose and in a manner that is efficient for producing food. Plant factory market forecast analysis indicates that markets at $403 million in 2013 are anticipated to reach $1.97 billion by 2020.

Growth is a result of the unmitigated march of automated process driven by the semiconductor industry, by microprocessors, and more directly by the need for food that is uncontaminated. The ability to use solar energy to grow food using LED lights is a compelling new way to produce food. Using plant factory technology the containers can be put in homes and restaurants, apartments and greenhouses to grow food more efficiently and that is not contaminated with pesticides or other things that should not be on food.
The ability to grow food in layers, 24 x 7 represents a major shift in the way food is provided to people. It means fresh food can be available year around at home and anyplace a person is.

Table Of Contents

Plant Factory / Vertical Farming Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2014-2020
Plant Factory / Vertical Farming Executive Summary

Plant factory, vertical farming executive summary 46
Plant factory, vertical farming market driving forces 46
Plant factory vertical farming benefits 48
Harvested leafy vegetables 52
Plant factory spectral output and color temperature of light can be adjusted 53
Plant factory vertical farming challenges 55
Commitment to sustainable agriculture 58
Wheat, maize and rice 59
Efficiency of led grow lights 60
Plant factory vertical farming market shares 60
Plant factory market forecasts 62

1. PLANT FACTORY MARKET DESCRIPTION AND DYNAMICS 64

1.1 Plant Factories Allow Three-Dimensional Cultivation 64
1.2 High-Tech Urban Farming Solution: Vertical Farming 68
1.2.1 Plant Factory Self-Sufficient Farming 70
1.2.2 Vertical Farming 70
1.3 Plant Factory Definition 73
1.4 Container System Anytime, Healthy And Quality Seedling Production 76
1.4.1 Artificial Seedling Cultivation System Using A Container Provides Cost Performance 77
1.4.2 Compact Seedling Vegetable Cultivation System 78
1.5 Vertical Farming: Cities Could Be Food Producers 81
1.6 Photosynthesis 82
1.7 Light Reactions Increase Plant Yield 82
1.8 Japanese Plant Factory 84
1.8.1 Plant Factories 85
1.9 Organic Farming 89
1.9.1 Size Fan For Traditional Lighting System 90
1.9.2 LED Lighting System 91
1.10 Hydroponics 91

2 PLANT FACTORY, VERTICAL FARMING MARKET SHARES AND FORECASTS 95

2.1 Plant Factory, Vertical Farming Market Driving Forces 95
2.1.1 Plant Factory Vertical Farming Benefits 97
2.1.2 Harvested Leafy Vegetables 100
2.1.3 Plant Factory Spectral Output And Color Temperature Of Light Can Be Adjusted 101
2.1.4 Plant Factory Vertical Farming Challenges 103
2.1.5 Commitment To Sustainable Agriculture 106
2.1.6 Wheat, Maize And Rice 107
2.2 Plant Factory Vertical Farming Market Shares 108
2.2.1 Japanese Plant Factory 110
2.2.2 Japan Has the Most Plant-Factories 110
2.2.3 Taiwan Has The World's Most Advanced Plant-Factory Technologies 112
2.2.4 Taiwan Plant Factory 116
2.2.5 Plant Factory China Changchun Agricultural Expo Park 117
2.2.6 Ever Light Electronics Co. Ltd. Plant Farm 118
2.2.7 LED Manufacturer: Everlight Electronics 120
2.2.8 Spread Co 120
2.2.9 Han Hai Precision 121
2.2.10 Pacific Construction Company 121
2.2.11 Gotham Greens 122
2.2.12 AeroFarms 122
2.2.13 Granpa Co 123
2.2.14 Nihon Advanced Agri Life Science Business 124
2.2.15 Iwasaki Revenue 125
2.2.16 Iwasaki EYE Hortilux 125
2.2.17 Philips Plant Sensitivity For Colors Of Light 126
2.2.18 Philips Agrosun® Gold 127
2.2.19 Best Green Life Vegetable Garden LED Kit for Indoor Garden 128
2.2.20 Efficiency of LED Grow Lights 129
2.3 Plant Factory Market Forecasts 130
2.3.1 Plant Factory Market Segment Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 132
2.3.2 Large Warehouse Plant Factory Market Segment Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 134
2.3.3 Home / Restaurant / Apartment Plant Factory Market Forecasts 136
2.3.4 Community, Grocery, Employee Garden Plant Factory Market Forecasts 138
2.3.5 Green House - Vertical Farm Plant Factory Market Forecasts 139
2.3.6 Dialysis Patients 141
2.3.7 Development Of Plant Factories Has Challenges 143
2.3.8 Plant Factories Are Not Meant To Replace Traditional Agriculture 146
2.3.9 Visible Natural Light Has A Spectrum For Growth 147
2.3.10 Growth Light Spectrum Positioning 147
2.4 Plant Factory Prices 149
2.5 Plant Factory Market Control Systems 152
2.5.1 Plant Factory Construction Market 153
2.5.2 Ubiquitous Environment Control Systems 153
2.5.3 HPS 155
2.5.4 MH 156
2.5.5 Operating Cost Per Hour For A Light 156
2.5.6 Plant Factory Control Systems Solutions 156
2.6 Plant Factory Regional Analysis 159
2.6.1 Growth Markets 161
2.6.2 Plant Factory Operations in Japan 161
2.6.3 Taiwan 162
2.6.4 New Plant factory Construction in Japan 163 Plant Factory Grow Lights Product Description

3. PLANT FACTORY DESCRIPTION 165

3.1 Plant Factories Japan 165
3.2 Spread Co. 170
3.3 Grandpa Dome 174
3.3.1 Granpa Co Business Description 176
3.3.2 Granpa Co Plant Factory Features 177
3.3.3 JGC / Granpa Co., Ltd. 178
3.4 Nihon Advanced Agri Co.,Ltd 179
3.4.1 Nihon Advanced Agri Life Science Business 180
3.4.2 Nihon Advanced Agri Control of Light Quality 180
3.4.3 Nihon Advanced Agri Wave Length "Wide-Band" LED Lamps 181
3.4.4 Nihon Advanced Agri HEFL 199
3.4.5 Nihon Advanced Agri Vegetable Cultivation System Using HEFL Lighting Units 201
3.4.6 Nihon Advanced Agri Efficient, Energy-Saving HEFL 203
3.4.7 Nihon Advanced Agri Cultivation Without Using Agrichemicals 204
3.4.8 Nihon Advanced Agri Scheduled Production For Stable Supply 205
3.4.9 Nihon Advanced Agri LED and HEFL Lighting System 206
3.5 Cosmo Farm Iwamizawa City, Hokkaido 207
3.6 Social Welfare Corporation Cupid-Fair Plant Factory- 208
3.7 Iwasaki EYE Hortilux 211
3.7.1 Iwasaki Electric, Ltd 211
3.8 Aizufujikako Co., Ltd 214
3.9 Ryobi Group 216
3.10 Plant Factories Taiwan 217
3.11 Ever Light Electronics Co. Ltd. Plant Farm 223
3.11.1 Everlight Electronics License To Develop IEDA Home Based Plant Factories 224
3.12 Genesis Photonics Company Taiwan Plant Factory 225
3.13 Han Hai Precision 225
3.13.1 Hon Hai Partners 226
3.14 Pacific Construction Company 227
3.15 Nano Bio Light Technology Co., Ltd. 229
3.16 Taiwan YaSai Lab Plant Factory Information Systems 237
3.17 Red Plum Plant Factory 238
3.18 JandD Restaurant Plant Factory Taiwan 239
3.19 Cal-Comp Biotech Plant Factory Taiwan 241
3.20 Ting-Mao Plant Factory Taiwan 242
3.21 Genesis Photonics Plant Farm 243
3.22 Wei Chuan Foods 243
3.22.1 Wei Chuan Foods Plant Factory Meeting Exhibit 245
3.23 Delta Electronics Inc (???) Plant Factory in Taiwan 246
3.24 Epistar 247
3.25 Formosa Epitaxy 247
3.26 Chinese Plant Factories 247
3.27 Jingpeng Plant Factory 254
3.28 Korea 257
3.29 JiSung Global Co., Ltd 257
3.29.1 JiSung Global BioFarm Seedling Set LED Indoor House Plant Cultivator Module 257
3.30 Robotech 259
3.31 Insung Tech Co Ltd 260
3.32 Best Green Life Co., Ltd. 260
3.32.1 Best Green Life LED Hydroponic Cultivator 261
3.32.2 Best Green Life LED Hydroponic Cultivator 261
3.32.3 Best Green Life Vegetable Garden LED Kit for Indoor Garden 261
3.33 Gimpo EUM Plant Factory 262
3.34 Chinese Plant Factories 262
3.35 Beijing IEDA Protected Horticulture Home Based Plant Factory 263
3.35.1 Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture (IEDA) Home-Based Plant Factory 264
3.35.2 Changchun Agricultural Expo Park 268
3.36 India 269
3.37 US Plant Factories 270
3.38 Gotham Greens 270
3.38.1 Gotham Greens' Integration with Whole Foods Market 275
3.39 AeroFarms 277
3.39.1 AeroFarms Aeroponics Grows Plants In A Mist 280
3.39.2 AeroFarms Cloth Root Medium 282
3.39.3 AeroFarms LED Lighting 283
3.39.4 AeroFarms Modularity 287
3.40 Green Spirit Farms (GSF) Michigan and Pennsylvania Vertical Farms 290
3.40.1 Pennsylvania Builds World's Largest Vertical Farm 293
3.40.2 Green Spirit Farms 294
3.41 Google Vertical Farms 295
3.42 Philips In the US 297
3.43 Alterrus Systems and subsidiary Local Garden Vancouver 297
3.44 The Greenhouse Vertical Farm in Florida 298
3.45 MIT CityFARM Indoor Farming 302
3.46 Farmed Here Vertical Farm In Bedford Park, Illinois 304
3.47 The Plant Vertical Farm In Illinois 304
3.48 Green Spirit Farms in New Buffalo, Michigan 305
3.49 Mega' Indoor Vertical Farm: Chicago Suburb 306
3.50 Vertical 'Pinkhouses Urban Farming 307
3.51 Purdue University 308
3.52 Caliber Biotherapeutics 309
3.53 Famgro Farms 310
3.54 Alegría Farm's Vertical Units 312
3.55 European Plant Factories 314
3.56 Philips and Greenhouse Grower Deliscious 318
3.56.1 Philips / Deliscious Case Study 322
3.56.2 Philips Vitro Plus Plant Factory 324
3.56.3 Philips Plant Factory From seedling to plant under LED lighting 328
3.56.4 Philips Horticulture Lamps 328
3.57 Netherlands Plant Factories 329
3.57 LEDHydroponics.co.uk 331
3.57.1 LEDHydroponics Benefits Of LED Grow Light Technology 333
3.57.2 Quantum LED Lights Growing Results 333
3.57.3 Quantum LED Light Absorption 334 Plant Factory / Vertical Farming Technology

4. PLANT FACTORY TECHNOLOGY 337

4.1 Plant Factory Technology Leverages Buildings 337
4.2 Urban Vertical Plant Farm Concept 339
4.2.1 Mithun Architecture Vision of Urban Farming 339
4.3 Vertical Farming Key Technologies 342
4.3.1 Production Line for Plants 344
4.3.2 Plant Factory Light Source Control System 345
4.3.3 Modular Plant Factories 345
4.3.4 AeroFarms Aeroponics Grows Plants In A Mist 346
4.4 Green Spirit Farms (GSF) Vertical Farms Example 354
4.5 White LED Light Provides Good Wave Length For Leafy Vegetables 354
4.6 Red-White LED Light Good For All Vegetables 356
4.7 Healthy Foods 358
4.7.1 Plant Factory Growing of Stalk of Tsuburina 358
4.7.2 Salt content in Tsuburina 360
4.7.3 Cultivation of Tsuburina 362
4.7.4 Tsuburina Ingredients Have Prophylactic Effects 362
4.7.5 Inositol Group of Foods 362
4.7.6 Beta-carotene 363
4.7.7 Vitamin K 363
4.7.8 Proline 363
4.7.9 Minerals 363
4.8 Blue-white LED Light Used For Healthy Forming And Increasing Vitamins 364
4.9 HELF Units Relation Between Lighting Distance vs PPF 366

5. AGRICULTURAL PLANT FACTORY COMPANY PROFILES 367

5.1 AeroFarms 367
5.2 Aizufujikako Co., Ltd. 369
5.2.1 Aizufujikako Business Description 370
5.2.2 Aizufujikako Features and Selling Points 371
5.3 Everlight Electronics 375
5.3.1 Everlight Electronics Revenue 376
5.4 Genesis Photonics (GPI) 376
5.4.1 Genesis Photonics Year 2014 Revenue 377
5.4.2 Genesis Photonics 3D COB 378
5.5 Gotham Greens 378
5.6 Granpa Co., Ltd. 379
5.6.1 Business description 380
5.6.2 Granpa Co Features 381
5.6.3 JGC / Granpa Co., Ltd. 383
5.7 Hon Hai 383
5.7.1 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co. Ltd. 383
5.7.2 Hon Hai Precision Industry Ltd / Foxconn 384
5.7.3 Hon Hai Group Plant Factories 384
5.7.4 Hon Hai Partners 385
5.7.5 Hon Hai Establishes First LED Street Light Production Line in Guizhou 386
5.8 Hydrofarm 387
5.8.1 Hydrofarm Manufacturer Of Hydroponics Equipment And High-Intensity Grow Lights 387
5.8.2 Hydrofarm AgroSun Gold Halide 391
5.9 Inventec 391
5.10 Iwasaki Electric 392
5.10.1 Iwasaki Revenue 393
5.10.2 Iwasaki's Quality Oriented Culture 394
5.10.3 Iwasaki EYE Hortiluxâ„¢ 395
5.10.4 EYE Lighting International of North America 408
5.11 JGC 409
5.11.1 JGC / Granpa Co., Ltd. 410
5.12 Jingpeng Solar Powered Plant Factory 410
5.13 Natural Vitality 411
5.14 Nihon Advanced Agri Corporation 411
5.14.1 Nihon Advanced Agri Evolves Agriculture Into Cosmetics And Wellness 412
5.14.2 Nihon Advanced Agri 414
5.14.3 Business Description 414
5.14.4 Nihon Advanced Agri Features 415
5.14.5 Nihon Advanced Agri Plant Factory Business 416
5.15 Ozu Corporation 417
5.16 Philips Horticulture Lamps 419
5.16.1 Philips Lighting Positioning 419
5.16.2 Royal Philips Electronics of the Netherlands 420
5.16.3 Philips Enables Consumer Lifestyle 422
5.16.4 Philips Lighting 423
5.16.5 Philips Market Opportunity 423
5.16.6 Phiips Visicu 424
5.16.7 Philips Addresses Healthcare Landscape 425
5.16.8 Philips/Respironics Monitoring Solution Powered By Cinterion TC65i: 428
5.16.9 Royal Philips Revenue 429
5.16.10 Philips Healthcare Revenue 434
5.16.11 Philips Lighting Revenue 435
5.16.12 Philips Partnerships and Acquisitions 438
5.16.13 Philips Accelerate! Positioning 438
5.17 Rockwool® Group 440
5.17.1 Grodan Rockwool Grow Blocks 441
5.18 Rambridge 442
5.19 Ringdale ActiveLED® 443
5.20 Ryobi Holdings 444
5.20.1 Ryobi Holdings Co., Ltd. Company Information 447
5.20.2 Ryobi Holdings Business Description 448
5.20.3 Ryobi Holdings Features 449
5.21 Spread Co., Ltd. Company Information 450
5.21.1 Spread Co Business Description 450
5.21.2 Spread Co Features 451
5.22 Tingyi International / Wei Chuan Foods 454

List of Tables and Figures

Table ES-1 47
Plant Factory Market Driving Forces 47
Table ES-2 49
Vertical Farming Benefits 49
Table ES-3 50
Plant Factory Benefits 50
Figure ES-4 51
Plant Factory Trays 51
Table ES-5 52
Plant Factory Advantages 52
Figure ES-6 53
Plant Factory Spectral Output And Color Temperature Of Light Can Be Adjusted 54
Figure ES-7 56
A Photo Of Inside The Plant Factory Module 56
Table ES-8 57
Plant Factory Challenges 57
Figure ES-9 59
Plant Factory Commitment To Sustainable Agriculture 59
Figure ES-10 61
Plant Factory Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013 61
Figure ES-11 63
Plant Factory Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 63
2014-2020 63
Table 1-1 66
Plant Factory Advantages 66
Table 1-2 66
Plant Factory Benefits 66
Table 1-3 67
PFAL Is A Plant Production Facility Components 67
Table 1-4 69
Advantages of Vertical Farming 69
Table 1-5 71
Vertical Farming Issues Addressed 71
Table 1-6 72
Vertical Farming Benefits: 72
Figure 1-7 73
Plant Factory Vertical Growing Variation 73
Figure 1-8 75
Cosmo Farm (Iwamizawa City, Hokkaido) 75
Figure 1-9 79
Plant Factory Container Systems 79
Figue 1-10 81
Vertical Farming: Cities Could Be Food Producers 81
Figure 1-11 84
Ozu Corporation Plant Factory In Japan 84
Table 1-12 85
Plant Factory Control Aspects 85
Table 1-13 86
Plant Factory Systems Control 86
Figure 1-14 87
Ozu Corporation Lettuce Plant Factory In Japan 87
Figure 1-15 88
Ozu Corporation Harvesting Lettuce In Japan 88
Table 1-16 90
Calculations Of The Size Of Farming Fan Required Using Measurements 90
Table 1-17 92
LED Plant Growth Lighting System Target Markets 92
Table 1-18 93
LED Diode-Based Lighting Advantages: 93
Table 2-1 96
Plant Factory Market Driving Forces 96
Table 2-2 97
Vertical Farming Benefits 97
Table 2-3 98
Plant Factory Benefits 98
Figure 2-4 99
Plant Factory Trays 99
Table 2-5 100
Plant Factory Advantages 100
Figure 2-6 102
Plant Factory Spectral Output And Color Temperature Of Light Can Be Adjusted 102
Figure 2-7 104
A Photo Of Inside The Plant Factory Module 104
Table 2-8 105
Plant Factory Challenges 105
Figure 2-9 107
Plant Factory Commitment To Sustainable Agriculture 107
Figure 2-10 108
Plant Factory Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013 108
Figure 2-11 110
Plant Factory Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013 110
Figure 2-12 111
Plant Factory Market Shares in Japan, Dollars, 2013 111
Table 2-13 112
Plant Factory, Vertical Farming Market Shares, Japan, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013 112
Figure 2-14 114
Taiwanese Plant Factory Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013 114
Table 2-15 115
Plant Factory, Vertical Farming Market Shares, Taiwan, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013 115
Table 2-16 118
Plant Factory, Vertical Farming Market Shares, China, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013 118
Figure 2-17 119
Ever Light Company Plant Farm Taiwan 119
Figure 2-18 126
Philips Grow Lights 126
Figure 2-19 131
Plant Factory Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 131
2014-2020 131
Figure 2-20 132
Plant Factory Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 132
2014-2020 132
Figure 2-21 133
Plant Factory Market Segment Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 133
2014-2020 133
Table 2-22 134
LED Grow Light Market Segments, Worldwide, 2014-2020 134
Figure 2-23 135
Large Warehouse Plant Factory Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 135
Figure 2-24 137
Home / Restaurant / Apartment Plant Factory Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020137
Figure 2-25 138
Community, Grocery, Employee Garden Plant Factory Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 138
Figure 2-26 140
Green House - Vertical Farm Plant Factory Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 140
Figure 2-27 142
Controlled Growing Environment Puts Attention On Plant Factories 142
Figure 2-28 145
Development Of Plant Factories 145
Figure 2-29 148
Growth Light Spectrum Positioning 148
Table 2-30 149
Cost of Investment to Build a Plant Factory 149
Table 2-31 151
Plant Factory Revenue 151
Table 2-32 151
Plant Factory Yield Improvements 151
Table 2-33 152
Plant Factory Vegetable Costs 152
Figure 2-34 158
Plant Factory And Greenhouse Cultivation Control Systems 158
Figure 2-35 159
Plant Factory Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2013 159
Table 2-36 160
Plant Factory Regional Market Segments, 2013 160
Figure 2-37 163
Japanese Plant Factory Products Market Size Forecast 163
Figure 3-1 165
Japanese Plant Factories 165
Table 3-2 167
Plant Factory Crops Across Japan 167
Table 3-3 168
PFALs, Plant Factories, Components 168
Figure 3-4 169
Plant Factory Processes Control Every Part Of The Plant's Environment 169
Table 3-5 170
Spread Co Achieved Production Of 7.3 Million Pots Of Lettuce Per Year 170
Figure 3-6 172
Spread Co Plant Factory 172
Table 3-7 174
Spread Co. Kameoka Vegetable Factory Features 174
Table 3-8 181
Nihon Advanced Agri Basic Cultivation Research Results 181
Table 3-9 181
Nihon Advanced Agri Proximity Lighting 181
Figure 3-10 182
Nihon Advanced Agri LED Systems for Plant Factories 182
Figure 3-11 183
Nihon Advanced Agri LED Systems Advantages for Plant Factories 183
Figure 3-12 184
Nihon Advanced Agri3 Wave Length "wide-band" LED lamps 184
[panel type][Super thin] 184
Table 3-13 185
Nihon Advanced Agri Photon Flux Density 185
Figure 3-14 186
Nihon Advanced Agri Optimum Plant Factory System For Making Seedlings 186
Figure 3-15 187
Nihon Advanced Agri White LED Systems for Plant Factories 187
Figure 3-16 189
Nihon Advanced Agri Red-white LED Systems for Plant Factories 189
Figure 3-17 191
Nihon Advanced Agri Blue-White LED Systems for Plant Factories 191
Figure 3-18 193
Nihon Advanced Agri White LED Systems for Plant Factories 193
Figure 3-19 195
Nihon Advanced Agri Red White LED Systems for Plant Factories 195
Figure 3-20 196
Nihon Advanced Agri Blue White LED Systems for Plant Factories 196
Figure 3-21 197
Nihon Advanced Agri Far Red LED Systems for Plant Factories 197
Table 3-22 198
Nihon Advanced Agri Business Plant Factory 198
Table 3-23 199
Nihon Advanced Agri HEFL Lighting Technology Features 199
Figure 3-24 200
Nihon Advanced Agri Red Light 200
Figure 3-25 201
Nihon Advanced Agri Blue Grow Light 201
Figure 3-26 202
Plant Factory Shelving Integrated System 202
Figure 3-27 203
Nihon Advanced Agri 203
Figure 3-28 205
Nihon Advanced Agri Strawberry Growing 205
Figure 3-29 206
Nihon Advanced Agri LED and HEFL Lighting System 206
Figure 3-30 207
Cosmo Farm Uses Fully Artificial Light 207
Figure 3-31 209
Social Welfare Corporation Cupid-Fair Plant Factory 209
Figure 3-32 212
Iwasaki Electric Plant Factory And Greenhouse Cultivation 212
Figure 3-33 213
Iwasaki Electric Plant Factory 213
Figure 3-34 214
METI Typical Plant Factory Agricultural Scene 214
Figure 3-35 215
Aizufujikako Co., Ltd Leaf lettuce 215
Figure 3-36 219
Taiwan Plant Factory 219
Figure 3-37 220
Lettuce Varieties For Plant Factory Starters in Taiwan 220
Table 3-38 221
National Taiwan University's Department of Bio-Industrial Mechatronics Engineering Identification of Plant Farm Issues 221
Table 3-39 222
National Taiwan University's Department of Bio-Industrial Mechatronics
Engineering Identification of Plant Farm Return On Investment (ROI) Issues 222
Figure 3-40 223
Ever Light Company Plant Farm Taiwan 223
Figure 3-41 225
Genesis Company Taiwan Plant Factory 225
Figure 3-42 227
Pacific Group Plant Factory Taiwan 227
Figure 3-43 230
Nano Bio Light Technology Plant Factory Strawberries
Table 3-44 231
Nano Bio Light Technology Plant Factory Scientific Basis 231
Figure 3-45 232
Nano Bio Light Technology Maximum Light Intensity 232
Figure 3-46 233
Nano Bio Light Technology Plant Factory Lettuce 233
Figure 3-47 234
Nano Bio Light Technology 234
Figure 3-48 235
Nano Bio Light Technology Tissue Culture Cart Spectrum and Light Intensity 235
Figure 3-49 237
Taiwan YaSai Lab Plant Factory Information Systems 237
Figure 3-50 238
Red Plum Plant Factory 238
Figure 3-51 239
JandD Restaurant Plant Factory Taiwan 239
Figure 3-52 240
JandD Restaurant Plant Factory Shelving Taiwan 240
Figure 3-53 241
Cal-Comp Biotech Plant Factory Taiwan 241
Figure 3-54 242
Ting-Mao Plant Factory Taiwan 242
Figure 3-55 245
Wei Chuan Foods Plant Factory Meeting Exhibit 245
Figure 3-56 246
Delta Electronics Plant Factory 246
Figure 3-57 248
Plant Factory At The Headquarters of CAAS 248
Figure 3-58 250
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Vegetables Growing In A Plant Factory In Beijing 250
Figure 3-59 252
Chinese Technology for Plant Factories 252
Figure 3-60 253
Types of Vegetables Usually Grown in Chinese Plant Factories. 253
Figure 3-61 253
Location of Plant Factories in China 253
Figure 3-62 255
Jingpeng Plant Factory Research 255
Figure 3-63 256
Jingpeng Plant Factory 256
Figure 3-64 258
BioFarm- Seedling Set LED Indoor House Plant Cultivator Module Plant Factory 258
Figure 3-65 262
Gimpo EUM Plant Factory 262
Figure 3-66 265
IEDA Family Plant factory exhibited in Shanghai EXPO 265
Figure 3-67 266
IEDA Plant Factory For Leaf Vegetable Production 266
Figure 3-68 267
IEDA Plant Factory Using LED Lighting 267
Figure 3-69 271
Gotham Greens 271
Figure 3-70 272
Gotham Greens Swiss Chard 272
Figure 3-71 273
Gotham Greens New York City Greenhouse Locations 273
Figure 3-72 274
Gotham Greens Plant Factory Located in New York City 274
Figure 3-73 275
Gotham Greens and Whole Foods Plant Factory Integration with CHP and Solar PV System 275
Figure 3-74 276
Gotham Greens PV Solar Sustainable Agriculture 276
Figure 3-75 278
AeroFarms System 278
Table 3-76 279
AeroFarms Plant Factory Focus 279
Table 3-77 281
AeroFarms Aeroponics Functions 281
Figure 3-78 282
AeroFarms Aeroponics Grows Plants In A Mist 282
Table 3-79 284
AeroFarms Light Emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Vertical Farming Systems Advantages 284
Table 3-80 285
AeroFarms Light Emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Farming Advantages 285
Figure 3-81 286
AeroFarms: Clean, Safe and Green Crops 286
Figure 3-82 288
AeroFarms Modular Growing System 288
Figure 3-83 289
AeroFarms System Customizable Modules 289
Figure 3-84 290
Michigan's Green Spirit Farms (GSF) Vertical Farm 290
Figure 3-85 291
Michigan's Green Spirit Farms (GSF) Vertical Farm Shelving 291
Figure 3-86 292
Pennsylvania Vertical Farm Growing Plants 292
Figure 3-87 293
Vertical Farming/Pennsylvania 293
Figure 3-88 294
Green Spirit Vertical Farms 294
Figure 3-89 296
Google Vertical Farm Concept Drawing 296
Figure 3-90 297
Alterrus Systems Empty 297
Figure 3-91 298
Greenhouse Vertical Farm in Florida 298
Figure 3-92 299
Greenhouse Vertical Farm 299
Figure 3-93 300
Greenhouse Vertical Farm in Florida 300
Figure 3-94 301
Greenhouse Vertical Farm in Florida 301
Figure 3-95 303
MIT CityFARM 303
Figure 3-96 305
Green Spirit Farms 305
Figure 3-97 307
Caliber Biotherapeutics 307
Figure 3-98 308
Purdue University Tomato Harvest 308
Figure 3-99 309
Caliber Biotherapeutics Growing with Specialized Light 309
Figure 3-100 311
Famgro Farms 311
Figure 3-101 314
Plant Photosynthesis 314
Figure 3-102 315
Plant Factory Seedling Propagation 315
Figure 3-103 316
Philips LED Plant Factory Opportunities 316
Figure 104 317
Philips Plant Factory Research LED4Crops at STC 317
Figure 3-105 317
Philips Plant Factory Improved Crop Harvesting LED4Crops STC 317
Figure 3-106 319
Philips Lettuce Grow Lights 319
Figure 3-107 320
Philips In House Lettuce Plant Factory 320
Figure 3-108 321
Plant Factory Trays 321
Figure 3-109 323
Philips Deliscious Grow Light Lettuce Quality 323
Figure 3-110 324
Philips Vitro Plus Plant Factory 324
Figure 3-111 326
Philips Vitro Plus Plant Factory Stacks 326
Figure 3-112 327
Philips Vitro Plus Plant Factory Layers 327
Figure 3-113 331
Quantum LED Grow Lights 331
Figure 3-114 332
LED Hydroponics Quantum LED Container 332
Figure 3-115 335
LED Hydroponics Greenhouse 335
Table 4-1 338
Plant Factory Technology Aspects 338
Figure 4-2 339
Urban Vertical Plant Farm Concept 339
Figure 4-3 340
Mithun Vision of Urban Farming 340
Figure 4-4 341
Mithun Housing Vision of Urban Farming 341
Table 4-5 342
Vertical Farming Key Technologies 342
Figure 4-6 343
Vertical Farming Key Technologies 343
Figure 4-7 344
Production Line for Plants 344
Table 4-8 347
AeroFarms Aeroponics Functions 347
Figure 4-9 348
Aerofarms Vertical Farming Competitive Analysis 348
Figure 4-10 349
Agrilution Vertical Farming Categorization (for Mapping Purposes) 349
Figure 4-11 353
Vertical Farming Systems Requirements 353
Figure 4-12 355
White LED Light Wave Length Balance for Leafy Vegetables 355
Figure 4-13 356
Red-White LED Light Wave Length Good for Vegetables 356
Figure 4-14 357
Red-White LED Light Good For Vegetables 357
Figure 4-15 357
Red-White LED Light Grows Green Leafy Vegetables 357
Figure 4-16 358
Plant Factory Growing of Stalk of Tsuburina 358
Figure 4-17 359
Tsuburina Functional Ingredients 359
Figure 4-18 361
Development of the Tsuburina Business 361
Figure 4-20 365
Blue-white LED Light Used For Healthy Forming And Increasing Vitamins 365
Figure 4-21 366
Relation Between Lighting Distance vs PPF 366
Figure 5-1 368
AeroFarms Partners 368
Figure 5-2 368
AeroFarms Investors 368
Figure 5-3 369
Aizufujikako Lettuce 369
Figure 5-4 372
Aizufujikako Plant Factory 372
Table 5-5 375
Aizufujikako Plant Factory Features 375
Figure 5-6 379
Gotham Greens Plant Factory Located in New York City 379
Table 5-7 388
Hydrofarm One-Stop Solutions 388
Table 5-8 388
Hydrofarm Locations 388
Table 5-9 391
Hydrofarm Profile 391
Figure 5-10 397
Iwasaki Electric, Ltd New Generation Dimmable High-Bay Fixture 397
Figure 5-11 398
Iwasaki Electric, Ltd Commercial Lighting Examples 398
Figure 5-12 399
Iwasaki Electric, Ltd High Speed Capture Lighting 399
Figure 5-13 400
Iwasaki Electric, Ltd Light Source for Image Operation 400
Figure 5-14 401
Iwasaki Electric, Ltd Halogen Heater 401
Figure 5-15 402
Iwasaki Electric, Ltd Halogen Lamp 402
Figure 5-16 403
Iwasaki Electric, Ltd Insect Repelling Lamp 403
Figure 5-17 404
Iwasaki Electric, Ltd Plant Factory Light For Cultivation 404
Figure 5-18 405
Iwasaki Electric, Ltd Light Source for Image Processing 405
Figure 5-19 406
Iwasaki Electric, Ltd Infrared LED Board 406
Figure 5-20 407
Iwasaki Electric, Ltd EYE Black Lamp 407
Table 5-21 413
Nihon Advanced Agri Business Activities 413
Figure 5-22 421
Philips Global Presence 421
Figure 5-23 423
Philips Global Trends And Challenges 423
Table 5-24 426
Philips Positions To Simplify Global Healthcare Delivery For The Long Term 426
Table 5-25 427
Philips Healthcare Delivery Product Positioning 427
Figure 5-26 431
Philips Businesses and Value Creation Levers 431
Figure 5-27 432
Philips Delivering Margin Improvement and Decreasing Manufacturing Overhead 432
Figure 5-28 434
Philips Healthcare Information Systems Market Shares 434
Figure 5-29 435
Philips Lighting Revenue 435
Figure 5-30 437
Philips Sector Revenue Change 437
Figure 5-31 442
Rambridge Brands 442

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