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Description

This report explores the leading on-board connectivity markets: aircraft, ships and trains, providing usage and market data, along with insights into the key issues and challenges at hand. It also examines how much of a threat LTE poses, and how satellite can prepare to take on this new rival. The connectivity market for cars is examined in a separate IDATE report "Connected Cars - Overview and trends".

Companies

21Net,Alcatel-Lucent,American Airlines,Amtrak,AT&T,Carnival Cruises,Daewoo Shipping,Deutsche Telekom,Eutelsat,Gogo,Honeywell,Huawei,Icomera,Inmarsat,Intelsat,JetBlue,LiveTV,Nomad Digital,O3B,OnAir,Panasonic,Qualcomm,Row44,Royal Caribbean ,ViaSat,ViaSat,ViaSat Exede,Virgin America,Virgin Pendolino,ZTE

Countries

Asia-Pacific,Europe,North America,USA,UK,France,China,Scandinavia

Table Of Contents

On-board connectivity: Can satellite compete with LTE?
Contents

1. Executive Summary . ... 7

2. Methodology and definitions . 8

2.1. IDATE's general methodology 8
2.2. Methodology specific to this report 9

3. Review of the on-board connectivity market ... 10

3.1. In-flight connectivity on commercial airlines ... 10
3.1.1. Strong demand for connectivity amongst passengers .. 10
3.1.2. Service features ... 12
3.1.3. Nascent LTE Air-to-ground systems creating new competition 14
3.2. Connectivity on-board cruise ships . 20
3.2.1. A nascent market . 20
3.2.2. Uncertain business model 21
3.2.3. What impact can we expect LTE to have? ... 24
3.3. Connectivity on-board trains . 28
3.3.1. Upsurge in traffic .. 28
3.3.2. Typically two levels of service on offer . 29
3.3.3. Technical solutions that rely more and more on cellular ... 30
3.3.4. Steady rollout of LTE-based solutions .. 31

4. Satellite operators gearing up to launch new systems .. 33

4.1. ViaSat .. 33
4.1.1. Satellites planned . 33
4.1.2. Spotlight on Exede and Yonder strategies and partnerships 33
4.1.3. Spotlight on services provided with Exede and Yonder 35
4.2. Inmarsat .. 37
4.2.1. Satellites planned . 37
4.2.2. Spotlight on Global Xpress strategies and partnerships ... 38
4.2.3. Spotlight on services in the Global Xpress package . 40
4.3. O3B .. 41
4.3.1. Planned satellite constellation .. 41
4.3.2. Spotlight on strategies and partnerships .. 42
4.3.3. Spotlight on O3B maritime services . 42
4.4. Intelsat . 43
4.4.1. Satellites planned . 43
4.4.2. Spotlight on Epic strategies and partnerships .. 44
4.4.3. Spotlight on the services provided by the Epic platform ... 45
4.5. Eutelsat Air Access 46
4.5.1. Satellites planned . 46
4.5.2. Spotlight on Air Access strategies and partnerships 46
On-board connectivity: Can satellite compete with LTE?

5. Future issues and challenges .. 47

5.1. New habits will affect demand for bandwidth .. 47
5.2. Ongoing surge in video consumption .. 47
5.3. Operators will need to juggle with the trend of everything for free ... 49
5.4. The shift to hybrid systems ... 49
5.4.1. Maritime systems have already gone hybrid: XpressLink . 49
5.4.2. In-flight systems: various hybrid combinations . 49


Tables and Figures

Table 1: Summary of Qualcomm's ATG system proposal . 15
Table 2: Frequency bands identified by Alcatel-Lucent in 2012 . 18
Table 3: Connectivity prices charged by the top cruise lines in 2013 . 22
Table 4: BATS talking points . 27
Table 5: Yonder service plans ... 37
Table 6: Top nine uses of in-flight connectivity services in 2013 ... 47
Table 7: Main network restrictions affecting mobile video viewing . 48

Figure 1: American Airlines fleet with in-flight access as of mid-2013 . 10
Figure 2: Wi-Fi availability on domestic flights in the United States (June 2013) 11
Figure 3: Proportion of US domestic daily flights with Wi?Fi access (1st
half of 2013) . 11
Figure 4: Proportion of international flights from the US with Wi?Fi (1H 2013) 12
Figure 5: Growth in the number of connected commercial aircraft between 2010 and 2013 .. 12
Figure 6: Market share for the top providers of in-flight connectivity on commercial aircraft, 2013* 13
Figure 7: Huawei's eWBB solution .. 16
Figure 8: Solution tested by Deutsche Telekom with Airbus and Alcatel-Lucent 16
Figure 9: Prototype of a hand-sized LTE reception antenna used in trial 17
Figure 10: Deutsche Telekom's argument in favour of LTE .. 18
Figure 11: Cost by average subscribers per site (€) . 19
Figure 12: On-board maritime connectivity market, 2012 . 20
Figure 13: On-board maritime connectivity market, 2012 . 20
Figure 14: MTN's planned use of Epic (HTMS) series spot beam coverage in 2015 21
Figure 15: Change in the price of an hour of internet access on-board ships (sold in 1-hour increments) 22
Figure 16: Increase in average bandwidth per vessel, 2005-2014 23
Figure 17: The value of offering connectivity on cruise ships 23
Figure 18: Example of a fully cellular maritime route 24
Figure 19: The Icomera X6 solution used by Viking Line .. 25
Figure 20: Cellular technology latency .. 26
Figure 21: Examples of maritime telecom links supplied by BATS Wireless . 26
Figure 22: A selection of findings from a survey on US railway, Amtrak ... 29
Figure 23: The connected train . 31
Figure 24: The 21Net solution ... 31
Figure 25: The Huawei solution 32
Figure 26: ViaSat's global coverage via the Ka-band alliance .. 34
Figure 27: How the Exede system works .. 35
Figure 28: Exede coverage area ... 35
Figure 29: ViaSat's Yonder Mobile Broadband service architecture . 36
Figure 30: Coverage area of ViaSat's Yonder service . 36
Figure 31: Inmarsat's total investment (N.B.: Inmarsat-6 starting in 2016) ... 38
Figure 32: List of Inmarsat alliances . 38
Figure 33: According to Inmarsat, in-flight connectivity is vital to growth .. 39
Figure 34: Evolution of Inmarsat services for corporate aircraft 40
Figure 35: Recap of Inmarsat alliances . 41
Figure 36: Comparison of O3B performances .. 41
Figure 37: O3B network architecture 42
Figure 38: O3B service coverage (latitude +-45°) . 43
Figure 39: Epic platform coverage 44
Figure 40: Why go hybrid? 50

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