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Antibiotics: Technologies and Global Markets

  • March 2016
  • -
  • BCC Research
  • -
  • 157 pages

This BCC Research study defines and measures the global antibiotics market. It forecasts the revenue of the global antibiotics market and strategically analyzes each submarket with respect to individual growth trends and contribution to the overall antibiotics market. Includes forecast through 2020.

Use this report to:

Analyze the market structure by identifying the various subsegments of the global antibiotics market.
Identify major market trends and the factors driving or inhibiting the growth of the global pharmaceutical antibiotics market and its various submarkets.
Analyze the opportunities in the market for the stakeholders by identifying the high-growth segments of the market.
Categorize the systemic antibiotics market by product and by application.

Highlights

The global systemic antibiotics market should reach nearly $44.7 billion in 2020 from nearly $40.6 billion in 2015 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.0% from 2015 to 2020.
The beta-lactams market should reach over $22.0 billion by 2020 from over $20.6 billion in 2015, a CAGR of 1.3% from 2015 to 2020.
The other antibiotic classes market should reach over $10.6 billion in 2020 from nearly $8.3 billion in 2015, a CAGR of 5.0% from 2015 to 2002.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Define and measure the global antibiotics market.
Analyze the market structure by identifying the various subsegments of the global antibiotics market.
Forecast the revenue of the global antibiotics market and strategically analyze each submarket with respect to individual growth trends and contribution to the overall antibiotics market.
Identify the major market trends and the factors driving or inhibiting the growth of the global pharmaceutical antibiotics market and its various submarkets.
Analyze the opportunities in the market for the stakeholders by identifying the high–growth segments of the market.
Profile the key players in the global antibiotics market and comprehensively analyze their core competencies and market share.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The discovery of the first antibiotic nearly a century ago revolutionized the global healthcare industry, reducing the incidence of the morbidity and mortality due to dangerous infectious diseases. Global spending on medicines is forecast to reach nearly $1.3 trillion by 2018, an increase of about 30% over the 2013 level. The primary reasons for this growth are the introduction of new specialty medicines and increased accessibility for patients, which coincides with lower impacts from expiring patents in developed markets. There is expected to be an increase in the per capita spending on pharmaceuticals. Antibiotics represent approximately 4.5% of the global pharmaceutical market.

The global antibiotics market is estimated to have been nearly $41.0 billion in 2015 and is expected to reach $44.7 billion in 2020. The global aging population, rise in infectious diseases, increased prevalence of hospital-acquired infections and new drugs launched are the primary factors driving the growth of the antibiotics market. Most of the growth is expected from the two Asian giants; China and India. Economic conditions and cost–containment issues have compelled North American and European antibiotic manufacturers to explore new regions, such as India, China and Brazil, for growth opportunities.

There has been a paradigm shift in the regulatory framework, causing a positive impact on the overall growth of the antibiotics market; however, the economic slowdown and the negative impact of generics will limit the growth of the market. In order to keep abreast of this change, antibiotic manufacturers are using various novel technologies to reduce antibiotic resistance in order to yield novel antibiotics.

It is expected that this trend will continue with the aim of solving the current challenges and fulfilling the unmet needs of the market. North America accounted for the largest market in 2013 followed by Europe. However, Asian countries represent the fastest–growing markets due to the increasing aging population, increasing GDP rate
and increasing awareness about healthcare.

The leading players in the global antibiotics market include Pfizer Inc. (U.S.), Merck and Co. (U.S.), Eli Lilly and Co. (U.S.), Sanofi–Aventis (France), AstraZeneca (U.K.), Cubist pharmaceuticals (U.S.), Johnson & Johnson (U.S.) and GlaxoSmithKline PLC (U.K.).




Table Of Contents

Antibiotics: Technologies and Global Markets
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 3
SCOPE OF REPORT 3
INTENDED AUDIENCE 3
INFORMATION SOURCES 3
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 4
ANALYSTS' CREDENTIALS 4
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS 4
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE 5
DISCLAIMER 5
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 7
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION, BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 7
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER
GENERATION BY TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (MW) 7
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW 12
DEFINITION 12
TYPES OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY APPLICATIONS 12
GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION 12
Dry Steam Geothermal 12
FIGURE 1 DRY STEAM POWER PLANT 12
Flash Steam and Double Flash Steam Geothermal 13
FIGURE 2 FLASH STEAM GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANT 13
Binary Cycle Geothermal 14
Enhanced geothermal system (EGS) 15
Low-temperature or coproduced resources 15
DIRECT HEAT 15
District Heating 15
Space Heating 15
Greenhouse Heating 15
Fish Farming 16
Agriculture Drying 16
Bathing and Swimming 16
Industrial Uses 16
Other Purposes 16
HEAT PUMPS 16
Open-loop System 17
Closed-loop System 17
Horizontal Configuration 17
Vertical Configuration 17
Pond/Lake Configuration 17
CHAPTER 4 PATENT ANALYSIS 19
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY PRODUCTION WITH SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS 19
TABLE 1 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY PRODUCTION WITH SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS 20
EFFICIENT AND NONPOLLUTING METHOD FOR RECOVERING GEOTHERMAL
HEAT ENERGY 28
TABLE 2 EFFICIENT AND NONPOLLUTING METHOD FOR RECOVERING GEOTHERMAL
HEAT ENERGY 28
CARBON DIOXIDE-BASED GEOTHERMAL ENERGY GENERATION SYSTEMS AND
METHODS RELATED THERETO 30
TABLE 3 CARBON DIOXIDE-BASED GEOTHERMAL ENERGY GENERATION SYSTEMS
AND METHODS RELATED THERETO 31
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY PUMP AND MONITOR SYSTEM 35
TABLE 4 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY PUMP AND MONITOR SYSTEM 36
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM 37
TABLE 5 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM 37
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY WELL CASING SEAL AND METHOD OF INSTALLATION 39
TABLE 6 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY WELL CASING SEAL AND METHOD OF
INSTALLATION 39
MODULAR GEOTHERMAL MEASUREMENT SYSTEM 40
TABLE 7 MODULAR GEOTHERMAL MEASUREMENT SYSTEM 40
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR USING GEOTHERMAL ENERGY FOR THE
PRODUCTION OF POWER 41
TABLE 8 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR USING GEOTHERMAL ENERGY FOR
PRODUCTION OF POWER 41
DIRECT CONTACT, BINARY FLUID GEOTHERMAL BOILER 43
TABLE 9 GEOTHERMAL BOILER AS A METHOD OF DIRECT CONTACT TO EXTRACT
BINARY FLUID 43
CHAPTER 5 GLOBAL GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION PLANTS 46
GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN THE U.S. 46
TABLE 10 GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN THE U.S., 2014 (MW) 46
GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN NORTH AMERICA (EXCLUDING THE
U.S.) 47
TABLE 11 GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN NORTH AMERICA (EXCLUDING
THE U.S.), 2014 47
GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN ASIA-PACIFIC 48
TABLE 12 GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN ASIA-PACIFIC, 2014 48
GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN EUROPE 50
TABLE 13 GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN EUROPE, 2014 50
GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN ROW IN 2014 51
TABLE 14 GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN ROW, 2014 51
UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN THE U.S. 52
TABLE 15 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY 2020 52
UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA (EXCLUDING THE U.S.) 53
TABLE 16 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA (EXCLUDING THE
U.S.) BY 2020 53
UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN ASIA-PACIFIC 53
TABLE 17 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN ASIA-PACIFIC BY 2020 54
UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN EUROPE 55
TABLE 18 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN EUROPE BY 2020 55
UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN SOUTH AMERICA 56
TABLE 19 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN SOUTH AMERICA BY 2020 56
UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN ROW 56
TABLE 20 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN ROW BY 2020 56
CHAPTER 6 GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY MARKET 58
GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY BY TYPE 58
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020
(MW) 58
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY BY TYPE, 2015 AND
2020 (%) 58
GLOBAL FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY MARKET BY REGION 59
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY BY REGION, THROUGH
2020 (MW) 60
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY BY REGION, 2015
AND 2020 (%) 60
GLOBAL FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION MARKET BY
REGION 62
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY REGION,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 62
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
REGION, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 62
NORTH AMERICA FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION
MARKET BY COUNTRY 64
TABLE 24 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 65
FIGURE 6 NORTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER
GENERATION BY COUNTRY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 65
U.S. Forecast for Geothermal Power Generation Market by State 67
TABLE 25 U.S. MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY STATE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 67
FIGURE 7 U.S. MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY STATE,
2015 AND 2020 (%) 68
EUROPE FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION MARKET BY
COUNTRY 71
TABLE 26 EUROPE MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY COUNTRY,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 71
FIGURE 8 EUROPE MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
COUNTRY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 72
ASIA-PACIFIC FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION MARKET
BY COUNTRY 74
TABLE 27 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 74
FIGURE 9 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION
BY COUNTRY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 75
SOUTH AMERICA FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION
MARKET BY COUNTRY 78
TABLE 28 SOUTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 78
FIGURE 10 SOUTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER
GENERATION BY COUNTRY, 2020 (%) 78
ROW FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION MARKET BY
COUNTRY 79
TABLE 29 ROW MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY COUNTRY,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 79
FIGURE 11 ROW MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
COUNTRY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 79
GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY 81
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 81
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 82
NORTH AMERICA FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION
MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY 83
TABLE 31 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 84
FIGURE 13 NORTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER
GENERATION BY TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 84
EUROPE FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION MARKET BY
TECHNOLOGY 85
TABLE 32 EUROPE MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 86
FIGURE 14 EUROPE MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 86
ASIA-PACIFIC FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION MARKET
BY TECHNOLOGY 87
TABLE 33 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 88
FIGURE 15 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION
BY TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 88
ROW FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION MARKET BY
TECHNOLOGY 89
TABLE 34 ROW MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY TECHNOLOGY,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 90
FIGURE 16 ROW MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 90
GLOBAL FORECAST FOR DIRECT HEATING MARKET BY REGION 91
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DIRECT HEATING BY REGION, THROUGH 2020
(MW) 91
FIGURE 17 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR DIRECT HEATING BY REGION, 2015 AND
2020 (%) 92
GLOBAL FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING MARKET BY
PURPOSE 94
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY PURPOSE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 94
FIGURE 18 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 94
NORTH AMERICA FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING MARKET
BY PURPOSE 97
TABLE 37 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 97
FIGURE 19 NORTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING
BY PURPOSE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 97
EUROPE FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING MARKET BY
PURPOSE 100
TABLE 38 EUROPE MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY PURPOSE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 100
FIGURE 20 EUROPE MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 101
ASIA-PACIFIC FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING MARKET BY
PURPOSE 103
TABLE 39 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY PURPOSE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 103
FIGURE 21 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 104
SOUTH AMERICA FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING MARKET
BY PURPOSE 106
TABLE 40 SOUTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 106
FIGURE 22 SOUTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING
BY PURPOSE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 107
ROW FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING MARKET BY
PURPOSE 109
TABLE 41 ROW MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY PURPOSE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 109
FIGURE 23 ROW MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY PURPOSE,
2015 AND 2020 (%) 110
GLOBAL FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP MARKET BY REGION 112
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP BY REGION, THROUGH
2020 (MW) 112
FIGURE 24 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP BY REGION,
2015 AND 2020 (%) 112
GLOBAL FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP MARKET BY TYPE 114
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE, THROUGH
2020 (MW) 115
FIGURE 25 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE,
2015 AND 2020 (%) 115
NORTH AMERICA FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP MARKET BY
TYPE 116
TABLE 44 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 116
FIGURE 26 NORTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY
TYPE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 117
EUROPE FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP MARKET BY TYPE 118
TABLE 45 EUROPE MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE, THROUGH
2020 (MW) 118
FIGURE 27 EUROPE MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE,
2015 AND 2020 (%) 118
ASIA-PACIFIC FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP MARKET BY TYPE 120
TABLE 46 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 120
FIGURE 28 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE,
2015 AND 2020 (%) 120
SOUTH AMERICA FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP MARKET BY
TYPE 122
TABLE 47 `SOUTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 122
FIGURE 29 SOUTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY
TYPE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 122
ROW FORECAST FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP MARKET BY TYPE 124
TABLE 48 ROW MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020
(MW) 124
FIGURE 30 ROW MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE, 2015
AND 2020 (%) 124
CHAPTER 7 DRIVERS AND CHALLENGES 128
FAVORABLE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK 128
ITALY 128
JAPAN 129
ICELAND 129
MEXICO 129
GERMANY 130
TURKEY 130
NEW ZEALAND 130
FRANCE 131
SWITZERLAND 131
PHILIPPINES 132
PAPUA NEW GUINEA 132
THE U.S. 132
TABLE 49 RPS TARGETS FOR THE U.S. STATES 133
RISING ELECTRICITY DEMAND AND INSTALLATION OF POWER GRIDS 133
TABLE 50 GLOBAL ELECTRICITY DEMAND, 2000-2020 (QUADRILLION BTU) 133
FIGURE 31 TOTAL SHARE OF ENERGY SOURCES FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION,
2014 (%) 134
FIGURE 32 GLOBAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 135
FIGURE 33 GLOBAL ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 135
NORTH AMERICA 136
FIGURE 34 NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 136
FIGURE 35 NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 137
EUROPE 138
FIGURE 36 EUROPEAN ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 138
FIGURE 37 EUROPEAN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 139
ASIA-PACIFIC 139
FIGURE 38 ASIA-PACIFIC ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 139
FIGURE 39 ASIA-PACIFIC ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 140
SOUTH AMERICA 141
FIGURE 40 SOUTH AMERICAN ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 142
FIGURE 41 SOUTH AMERICAN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 142
REST OF WORLD 143
FIGURE 42 ROW ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 143
FIGURE 43 ROW ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 143
RENEWAL AND UPGRADING OF ENERGY NETWORK 144
MAJOR REGIONAL GRID PROJECTS 145
Baltic Energy Market Interconnector Plan 145
North Sea Grid 145
East Asian Grid 146
Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) 146
Eastern African Power Pool (EAPP) 146
West Africa Power Pool (WAPP) 146
South America 146
HIGH INITIAL INVESTMENT AND HIGH SEED CAPITAL 146
FIGURE 44 COSTS OF DEVELOPING A GEOTHERMAL PLANT 147
COST PARAMETERS 147
FIGURE 45 CORRELATIONS BETWEEN CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT AND RISK VERSUS
TIME 147
FIGURE 46 BREAKDOWN OF CAPITAL COSTS IN A TYPICAL GEOTHERMAL POWER
PLANT (%) 148
CHAPTER 8 SUPPLIER LANDSCAPE AND COMPANY PROFILES 151
FIGURE 47 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
MANUFACTURERS, 2014 (%) 151
ALTAROCK ENERGY INC. 152
TABLE 51 ALTAROCK ENERGY'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 152
TABLE 52 ALTAROCK ENERGY'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 153
ALTERRA POWER CORP. 153
TABLE 53 ALTERRA POWER CORP.'S OPERATIONAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 153
TABLE 54 ALTERRA POWER CORP.'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
(MW) 154
TABLE 55 ALTERRA POWER CORP.'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
(MW) 154
TABLE 56 ALTERRA POWER CORP.'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH
2014 ($ MILLIONS) 154
ANSALDO ENERGIA S.P.A 155
TABLE 57 ANSALDO ENERGIA S.P.A'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
(MW) 155
TABLE 58 ANSALDO ENERGIA'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH
2014 ($ MILLIONS) 156
FIGURE 48 ANSALDO ENERGIA'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 156
FIGURE 49 ANSALDO ENERGIA'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 157
BAKER HUGHES 157
TABLE 59 BAKER HUGHES' RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 158
FIGURE 50 BAKER HUGHES' REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 158
CALPINE CORP. 159
TABLE 60 CALPINE'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 160
TABLE 61 CALPINE'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 160
TABLE 62 CALPINE'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 161
FIGURE 51 CALPINE'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 161
COMISION FEDERAL DE ELECTRICIDAD (CFE) 162
TABLE 63 CFE'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 162
TABLE 64 CFE'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 163
TABLE 65 CFE'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 163
FIGURE 52 CFE'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 163
FIGURE 53 CFE'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 164
CHUO ELECTRIC POWER FURUSATO GEOTHERMAL AND NEW ENERGY CO. LTD. 165
CLIMATEMASTER INC. 165
CONTACT ENERGY LTD. 166
TABLE 66 CONTACT ENERGY'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 167
TABLE 67 CONTACT ENERGY'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 167
TABLE 68 CONTACT ENERGY'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014
($ MILLIONS) 167
FIGURE 54 CONTACT ENERGY'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 167
CYRQ ENERGY 168
TABLE 69 CYRQ ENERGY'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 169
TABLE 70 CYRQ ENERGY'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 169
ENEL 169
TABLE 71 ENEL'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 170
TABLE 72 ENEL'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 170
TABLE 73 ENEL'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 171
FIGURE 55 ENEL'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 171
FIGURE 56 ENEL'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 172
ENTIV ORGANIC ENERGY 172
ERGON ENERGY 173
TABLE 74 ERGON ENERGY'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014
($ MILLIONS) 173
EXORKA GMBH 174
FIRST GEN CORP. 174
TABLE 75 FIRST GEN'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 175
TABLE 76 FIRST GEN'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 175
FIGURE 57 FIRST GEN'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 175
FLORIDA HEAT PUMPS 176
FUJI ELECTRIC CO. 177
TABLE 77 FUJI ELECTRIC'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 178
TABLE 78 FUJI ELECTRIC'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 179
FIGURE 58 FUJI ELECTRIC'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 180
FIGURE 59 FUJI ELECTRIC'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 180
GENERAL ELECTRIC CO. 182
TABLE 79 GE-ALSTOM'S OPERATING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 183
TABLE 80 GE'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 183
FIGURE 60 GE'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 183
FIGURE 61 GE'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 185
GEODYNAMICS LTD. 185
GREENFIRE ENERGY 186
HOTROCK GROUP 187
HYUNDAI ENGINEERING CO. LTD. 187
TABLE 81 HYUNDAI'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS 188
KENYA ELECTRICITY GENERATING COMPANY LTD. (KENGEN) 188
TABLE 82 KENGEN'S OPERATIONAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 189
TABLE 83 KENGEN'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 189
TABLE 84 KENGEN'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS 190
TABLE 85 KENGEN'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 190
KODALI INC. 190
LAGEO 191
MIGHTY RIVER POWER 191
TABLE 86 MIGHTY RIVER POWER'S OPERATIONAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 192
TABLE 87 MIGHTY RIVER POWER'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
(MW) 192
TABLE 88 MIGHTY RIVER POWER'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH
2014 ($ MILLIONS) 192
MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES LTD. 193
TABLE 89 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.'S RECENT FINANCIAL
PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 193
FIGURE 62 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014
(%) 194
MT. PRINCETON GEOTHERMAL LLC 194
NV ENERGY INC. 195
TABLE 90 NV ENERGY'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 196
ORMAT TECHNOLOGIES INC. 196
TABLE 91 ORMAT TECHNOLOGIES OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
(MW) 197
TABLE 92 ORMAT TECHNOLOGIES OPERATIONAL RECOVERED ENERGY
GENERATION POWER PLANTS (MW) 197
TABLE 93 ORMAT TECHNOLOGIES UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 198
TABLE 94 ORMAT'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 199
FIGURE 63 ORMAT'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 199
FIGURE 64 ORMAT'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 200
POLARIS INFRASTRUCTURE INC. 201
TABLE 95 POLARIS INFRASTRUCTURE'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE,
THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 201
FIGURE 65 POLARIS INFRASTRUCTURE'S REVENUE BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%) 201
PT PERTAMINA GEOTHERMAL ENERGY 202
TABLE 96 PT PERTAMINA GEOTHERMAL ENERGY'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL
POWER PLANTS (MW) 202
TABLE 97 PT PERTAMINA GEOTHERMAL ENERGY'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL
POWER PLANTS (MW) 204
TABLE 98 PT PERTAMINA GEOTHERMAL ENERGY'S RECENT FINANCIAL
PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 204
REYKJAVIK GEOTHERMAL 205
SUMITOMO CORP. 205
TABLE 99 SUMITOMO CORP'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014
($ MILLIONS) 206
FIGURE 66 SUMITOMO CHEMICAL'S REVENUES BY REGION, 2014 (%) 206
FIGURE 67 SUMITOMO CHEMICAL'S REVENUE BY MARKET SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 206
TAS ENERGY 207
TERRA-GEN LLC 208
TABLE 100 TERRA-GEN'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 208
TOKYO ELECTRIC POWER CO. INC. (TEPCO) 209
TABLE 101 TEPCO'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 209
FIGURE 68 TEPCO'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 209
TOSHIBA CORP. POWER SYSTEMS CO. 210
TOYOTA TSUSHO CORP. 211
TABLE 102 TOYOTA TSUSHO CORP.'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE,
THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 211
FIGURE 69 TOYOTA TSUSHO CORP.'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 212
FIGURE 70 TOYOTA TSUSHO CORP.'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 213
U.S. GEOTHERMAL INC. 213
TABLE 103 U.S. GEOTHERMAL INC.'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
(MW) 214
TABLE 104 U.S. GEOTHERMAL INC.'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
(MW) 214
TABLE 105 U.S. GEOTHERMAL INC.'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE,
THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 215
FIGURE 71 U.S. GEOTHERMAL INC.'S REVENUE BY PLANT, 2014 (%) 215
WATERFURNACE INTERNATIONAL INC. 216

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION, BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 7
TABLE 1 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY PRODUCTION WITH SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS 20
TABLE 2 EFFICIENT AND NONPOLLUTING METHOD FOR RECOVERING GEOTHERMAL
HEAT ENERGY 28
TABLE 3 CARBON DIOXIDE-BASED GEOTHERMAL ENERGY GENERATION SYSTEMS
AND METHODS RELATED THERETO 31
TABLE 4 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY PUMP AND MONITOR SYSTEM 36
TABLE 5 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM 37
TABLE 6 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY WELL CASING SEAL AND METHOD OF INSTALLATION 39
TABLE 7 MODULAR GEOTHERMAL MEASUREMENT SYSTEM 40
TABLE 8 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR USING GEOTHERMAL ENERGY FOR
PRODUCTION OF POWER 41
TABLE 9 GEOTHERMAL BOILER AS A METHOD OF DIRECT CONTACT TO EXTRACT
BINARY FLUID 43
TABLE 10 GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN THE U.S., 2014 (MW) 46
TABLE 11 GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN NORTH AMERICA (EXCLUDING
THE U.S.), 2014 47
TABLE 12 GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN ASIA-PACIFIC, 2014 48
TABLE 13 GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN EUROPE, 2014 50
TABLE 14 GEOTHERMAL PLANTS OPERATIONAL IN ROW, 2014 51
TABLE 15 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN THE U.S. BY 2020 52
TABLE 16 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN NORTH AMERICA (EXCLUDING THE
U.S.) BY 2020 53
TABLE 17 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN ASIA-PACIFIC BY 2020 54
TABLE 18 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN EUROPE BY 2020 55
TABLE 19 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN SOUTH AMERICA BY 2020 56
TABLE 20 UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL PLANTS IN ROW BY 2020 56
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020
(MW) 58
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY BY REGION, THROUGH 2020
(MW) 60
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY REGION,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 62
TABLE 24 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 65
TABLE 25 U.S. MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY STATE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 67
TABLE 26 EUROPE MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY COUNTRY,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 71
TABLE 27 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 74
TABLE 28 SOUTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 78
TABLE 29 ROW MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY COUNTRY,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 79
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 81
TABLE 31 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 84
TABLE 32 EUROPE MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 86
TABLE 33 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 88
TABLE 34 ROW MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY TECHNOLOGY,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 90
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DIRECT HEATING BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 91
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY PURPOSE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 94
TABLE 37 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 97
TABLE 38 EUROPE MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY PURPOSE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 100
TABLE 39 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY PURPOSE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 103
TABLE 40 SOUTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, THROUGH 2020 (MW) 106
TABLE 41 ROW MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY PURPOSE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 109
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP BY REGION, THROUGH
2020 (MW) 112
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE, THROUGH
2020 (MW) 115
TABLE 44 NORTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 116
TABLE 45 EUROPE MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE, THROUGH
2020 (MW) 118
TABLE 46 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 120
TABLE 47 `SOUTH AMERICA MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE,
THROUGH 2020 (MW) 122
TABLE 48 ROW MARKET FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020
(MW) 124
TABLE 49 RPS TARGETS FOR THE U.S. STATES 133
TABLE 50 GLOBAL ELECTRICITY DEMAND, 2000-2020 (QUADRILLION BTU) 133
TABLE 51 ALTAROCK ENERGY'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 152
TABLE 52 ALTAROCK ENERGY'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 153
TABLE 53 ALTERRA POWER CORP.'S OPERATIONAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 153
TABLE 54 ALTERRA POWER CORP.'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
(MW) 154
TABLE 55 ALTERRA POWER CORP.'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 154
TABLE 56 ALTERRA POWER CORP.'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH
2014 ($ MILLIONS) 154
TABLE 57 ANSALDO ENERGIA S.P.A'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
(MW) 155
TABLE 58 ANSALDO ENERGIA'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014
($ MILLIONS) 156
TABLE 59 BAKER HUGHES' RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 158
TABLE 60 CALPINE'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 160
TABLE 61 CALPINE'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 160
TABLE 62 CALPINE'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 161
TABLE 63 CFE'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 162
TABLE 64 CFE'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 163
TABLE 65 CFE'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 163
TABLE 66 CONTACT ENERGY'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 167
TABLE 67 CONTACT ENERGY'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 167
TABLE 68 CONTACT ENERGY'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014
($ MILLIONS) 167
TABLE 69 CYRQ ENERGY'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 169
TABLE 70 CYRQ ENERGY'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 169
TABLE 71 ENEL'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 170
TABLE 72 ENEL'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 170
TABLE 73 ENEL'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 171
TABLE 74 ERGON ENERGY'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 173
TABLE 75 FIRST GEN'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 175
TABLE 76 FIRST GEN'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 175
TABLE 77 FUJI ELECTRIC'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 178
TABLE 78 FUJI ELECTRIC'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 179
TABLE 79 GE-ALSTOM'S OPERATING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 183
TABLE 80 GE'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 183
TABLE 81 HYUNDAI'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS 188
TABLE 82 KENGEN'S OPERATIONAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 189
TABLE 83 KENGEN'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 189
TABLE 84 KENGEN'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS 190
TABLE 85 KENGEN'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 190
TABLE 86 MIGHTY RIVER POWER'S OPERATIONAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 192
TABLE 87 MIGHTY RIVER POWER'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
(MW) 192
TABLE 88 MIGHTY RIVER POWER'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH
2014 ($ MILLIONS) 192
TABLE 89 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.'S RECENT FINANCIAL
PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 193
TABLE 90 NV ENERGY'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 196
TABLE 91 ORMAT TECHNOLOGIES OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 197
TABLE 92 ORMAT TECHNOLOGIES OPERATIONAL RECOVERED ENERGY GENERATION
POWER PLANTS (MW) 197
TABLE 93 ORMAT TECHNOLOGIES UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 198
TABLE 94 ORMAT'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 199
TABLE 95 POLARIS INFRASTRUCTURE'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE,
THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 201
TABLE 96 PT PERTAMINA GEOTHERMAL ENERGY'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL
POWER PLANTS (MW) 202
TABLE 97 PT PERTAMINA GEOTHERMAL ENERGY'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER
PLANTS (MW) 204
TABLE 98 PT PERTAMINA GEOTHERMAL ENERGY'S RECENT FINANCIAL
PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS) 204
TABLE 99 SUMITOMO CORP'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 206
TABLE 100 TERRA-GEN'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 208
TABLE 101 TEPCO'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH 2014 ($
MILLIONS) 209
TABLE 102 TOYOTA TSUSHO CORP.'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH
2014 ($ MILLIONS) 211
TABLE 103 U.S. GEOTHERMAL INC.'S OPERATIONAL GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
(MW) 214
TABLE 104 U.S. GEOTHERMAL INC.'S UPCOMING GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS (MW) 214
TABLE 105 U.S. GEOTHERMAL INC.'S RECENT FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, THROUGH
2014 ($ MILLIONS) 215

LIST OF FIGURES

SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION
BY TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (MW) 7
FIGURE 1 DRY STEAM POWER PLANT 12
FIGURE 2 FLASH STEAM GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANT 13
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY BY TYPE, 2015 AND
2020 (%) 58
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY BY REGION, 2015
AND 2020 (%) 60
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
REGION, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 62
FIGURE 6 NORTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION
BY COUNTRY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 65
FIGURE 7 U.S. MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY STATE,
2015 AND 2020 (%) 68
FIGURE 8 EUROPE MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
COUNTRY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 72
FIGURE 9 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
COUNTRY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 75
FIGURE 10 SOUTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER
GENERATION BY COUNTRY, 2020 (%) 78
FIGURE 11 ROW MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
COUNTRY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 79
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 82
FIGURE 13 NORTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER
GENERATION BY TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 84
FIGURE 14 EUROPE MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 86
FIGURE 15 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION
BY TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 88
FIGURE 16 ROW MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
TECHNOLOGY, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 90
FIGURE 17 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR DIRECT HEATING BY REGION, 2015 AND
2020 (%) 92
FIGURE 18 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 94
FIGURE 19 NORTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 97
FIGURE 20 EUROPE MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 101
FIGURE 21 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 104
FIGURE 22 SOUTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY
PURPOSE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 107
FIGURE 23 ROW MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL DIRECT HEATING BY PURPOSE,
2015 AND 2020 (%) 110
FIGURE 24 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP BY REGION,
2015 AND 2020 (%) 112
FIGURE 25 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE, 2015
AND 2020 (%) 115
FIGURE 26 NORTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY
TYPE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 117
FIGURE 27 EUROPE MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE, 2015
AND 2020 (%) 118
FIGURE 28 ASIA-PACIFIC MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE,
2015 AND 2020 (%) 120
FIGURE 29 SOUTH AMERICA MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY
TYPE, 2015 AND 2020 (%) 122
FIGURE 30 ROW MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMPS BY TYPE, 2015
AND 2020 (%) 124
FIGURE 31 TOTAL SHARE OF ENERGY SOURCES FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION,
2014 (%) 134
FIGURE 32 GLOBAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 135
FIGURE 33 GLOBAL ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 135
FIGURE 34 NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 136
FIGURE 35 NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 137
FIGURE 36 EUROPEAN ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 138
FIGURE 37 EUROPEAN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 139
FIGURE 38 ASIA-PACIFIC ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 139
FIGURE 39 ASIA-PACIFIC ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 140
FIGURE 40 SOUTH AMERICAN ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 142
FIGURE 41 SOUTH AMERICAN ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 142
FIGURE 42 ROW ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 143
FIGURE 43 ROW ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2009-2020 (TWH) 143
FIGURE 44 COSTS OF DEVELOPING A GEOTHERMAL PLANT 147
FIGURE 45 CORRELATIONS BETWEEN CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT AND RISK VERSUS
TIME 147
FIGURE 46 BREAKDOWN OF CAPITAL COSTS IN A TYPICAL GEOTHERMAL POWER
PLANT (%) 148
FIGURE 47 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION BY
MANUFACTURERS, 2014 (%) 151
FIGURE 48 ANSALDO ENERGIA'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 156
FIGURE 49 ANSALDO ENERGIA'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 157
FIGURE 50 BAKER HUGHES' REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 158
FIGURE 51 CALPINE'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 161
FIGURE 52 CFE'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 163
FIGURE 53 CFE'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 164
FIGURE 54 CONTACT ENERGY'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 167
FIGURE 55 ENEL'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 171
FIGURE 56 ENEL'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 172
FIGURE 57 FIRST GEN'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 175
FIGURE 58 FUJI ELECTRIC'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 180
FIGURE 59 FUJI ELECTRIC'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 180
FIGURE 60 GE'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 183
FIGURE 61 GE'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 185
FIGURE 62 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 194
FIGURE 63 ORMAT'S REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2014 (%) 199
FIGURE 64 ORMAT'S REVENUE BY REGION, 2014 (%) 200
FIGURE 65 POLARIS INFRASTRUCTURE'S REVENUE BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%) 201

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