Global Natural Gas Vehicles (NGVs) Market

  • April 2014
  • -
  • Global Industry Analysts
  • -
  • 244 pages

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Natural Gas Vehicles (NGVs) in Number of Units by the following Product Segments: Light Duty Vehicles, Medium Duty & Heavy Duty Trucks, and Medium Duty & Heavy Duty Buses. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2013 through 2020. Also, a seven-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 45 companies including many key and niche players such as -

AB Volvo
Bayerische Motoren Werke G.m.b.H
Cummins, Inc.
Daimler AG
Fiat S.p.A

Table Of Contents




I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY and PRODUCT DEFINITIONS
Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1
Disclaimers I-2
Data Interpretation and Reporting Level I-2
Quantitative Techniques and Analytics I-3
Product Definitions and Scope Of Study I-3


II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW II-1
A Prelude II-1
Table 1: World Automotive Industry (2013E and 2019P):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Unit Sales of Vehicles by Fuel
Type (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-2
OEM NGV Initiatives II-2
Varied Degree of Adoption Across Nations - A Key
Characteristic of NGV Market II-3
Governments Crack the Whip on Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Sets
Stage for NGV Adoption II-4
Table 2: Global Green House Gas Emissions by Source (2013)
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-5

Table 3: Green House Gas Emissions from Transportation Fuel
by Type of Transportation (2013) (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-6
Table 4: Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Source (2013) (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6
Emissions Regulations Landscape in Major Country/Region II-6
NGVs: The Most Pragmatic Solution to Reduce Carbon Footprint II-7
Table 5: Emissions Reductions (%) of New NGVs Compared to New
Gasoline and Diesel Vehicles (2012) II-7

Table 6: Environmental Efficiency of CNG: A Comparative Index
of Level of UHC, CO2, CO, NOx, SOx and PM Emissions from
Vehicles by Fuel Type - Gasoline, Diesel and CNG II-8

Table 7: Comparative Emission Advantages with the Replacement
of Conventional Diesel with CNG in Buses II-8
High Annual Fuel Cost Savings Upon Implementation Provides
Traction II-8
Table 8: Representation of Economic Benefits of CNG Showing
CNG Prices as a Percentage of Gasoline and Diesel in Select
Regional Markets (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-9

Table 9: Approximate Fuel Cost Savings by Vehicle Type
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-10
Oil Price Uncertainty Thrusts NGVs into the Spotlight II-10
Need to Achieve Energy Security Fuels Demand II-10
NGVs - Fairly Resilient Against Periods of Economic Downturn II-11
What’s In-Store for the NGV Market? II-12
Outlook II-13

2. NOTEWORTHY TRENDS, GROWTH DRIVERS and ISSUES II-14
Gradual Rise in Global NGV Penetration Levels Augurs Well for
the Market II-14
Table 10: Market Penetration of Natural Gas Vehicles in
Select Countries - Presented as a Percentage of Total
Vehicles in 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-14
Growing Production and Supply of Natural Gas - A Boon for NGV
Market II-15
Table 11: Global Natural Gas Market (2013): Percentage Share
Breakdown of Production by Geographic Region (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-15

Table 12: Global Natural Gas Market (2013): Percentage Share
Breakdown of Consumption by Geographic Region (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-15

Table 13: Global Natural Gas Market (2013): Percentage Share
Breakdown of Consumption by Country (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-16
Discovery of Shale Gas Brightens Prospects for Natural Gas
Vehicles II-16
Table 14: Global Shale Gas Market (2012): Estimated Reserves
of Shale Gas (in Trillion Cubic Feet) by Country (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-17
Gradual Rise in Number of Natural Gas Refilling Stations
Augurs Well for the NGV Market II-17
Table 15: Number of Natural Gas Refilling Stations for
Vehicles Worldwide for Years 2013, 2016 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18

Table 16: Number of Natural Gas Refilling Stations for
Vehicles in Select Countries (2013) (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-18
Light Duty NGVs Remain the Dominant Roadrunners II-18
Table 17: Light Commercial Vehicle Market (2013): Percentage
Share Breakdown by Fuel Type (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-19
Medium and Heavy Duty Commercial Vehicles too Embrace Natural
Gas Fuel Technology II-19
Fleet Vehicles Expected to Lead Widespread Adoption of Natural
Gas Vehicles II-20
Compression Ignition Technology Finds Applications in Natural
Gas Commercial Vehicles II-20
Converted Models Call the Shots II-20
Projected Rise in Demand for Vehicles Bodes Well for the Market II-21
Table 18: Average Age of Light Vehicles (includes Car and Light
Commercial Vehicles) in the United States in the Year 2012
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-21

Table 19: Average Age of Commercial Vehicles in North America
in the Year 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-22
Developing Markets in Driver’s Seat II-22
Table 20: Global Passenger Cars Market (2013): Breakdown of
Number of Cars per 1000 People in Select Countries (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-23

3. KEY ISSUES and CHALLENGES II-24
Rapid Technological Advancements in Conventional Vehicles and
Other AFVs to Present Tough Competition to NGVs II-24
EVs to Also Grow in Popularity - Threatens Market Prospects
for NGVs II-24
Table 21: Global Electric Vehicles Market - Compounded
Average Growth Rates for Vehicle Sales by Country/Region for
Period 2009-2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-25
High Costs of Natural Gas Vehicles Suspends Widespread Adoption II-25
Refueling and Service Infrastructure Still Remains Inadequate II-26
Table 22: NGV Refilling Infrastructure Worldwide: Number of
Vehicles Serviced Per Station for Years 2013, 2016 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-27
Safety Concerns: A Challenge to Reckon With II-27
Innovation to Boost Market Prospects II-27
Home Refueling Stations - A Key Innovation II-28

4. PRODUCT OVERVIEW II-29
Natural Gas Vehicles: An Overview II-29
Natural Gas: A Significant Alternative Fuel II-29
Natural Gas Vehicles: Relevance, Benefits and Hindrances II-29
Natural Gas Vehicles by Vehicle Class II-30
Light Duty NGVs II-30
Medium and Heavy Duty NGVs II-30
Non-Road NGVs II-30
NGVs by Fuel Supply II-31
NGV Segments II-31
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles II-31
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Vehicles II-31
NGV Refueling II-31
Other Alternative Fuel Vehicles II-32
Propane/LPG II-32
Methanol II-32
Ethanol II-33
Electricity II-33
Battery-Powered Electric Vehicles II-34
Hybrid Electric Vehicles II-34
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles II-34
Biodiesel II-34
Introduction II-34
Sources and Types of Biodiesel II-35
Vehicular Emissions II-35
Table 23: Approximate Emission Variations of B20 Relative to
Conventional Diesel II-36

Table 24: Approximate Emission Variations of B100 Relative
to Conventional Diesel II-36
The Cost Factor II-36
Performance Characteristics II-36
Dimethyl-Ether (DME) II-37
Properties of DME II-37
Production of DME II-38
Applications of DME II-38
DME in Transportation II-38
DME in Fuel Cells II-38

5. ENVIRONMENTAL AND REGULATORY ISSUES II-39
Environmental Issues II-39
Environmental Impact of ICEVs II-39
The Ensuing Health Problems II-39
Environmental Impact of NGVs II-39
Impact on Air Quality and GHG Emission Levels II-39
Impact on Water and Soil Pollution II-40
Regulatory and Other Factors II-40
Introduction II-40
UNFCCC II-40
Fuel Prices and NGV Economics II-41
Incentives and Subsidies II-41

6. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-42
Nissan Unveils new Urvan CNG II-42
Honda USA Unveils 2014 Civic Natural Gas II-42
Fiat and VW Unveils Gas Vehicles in Denmark, Germany and
Southern Europe II-42
Westport and GAZ Group Join Hands II-42
Volkswagen Emphasizes on Natural Gas, While BMW Announces
Full-Scale Diesel Campaign II-42
Westport Takes Over Clean Energy’s BAF Natural Gas Vehicle
Business II-42

7. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-43
Automotive OEMs II-43
AB Volvo (Sweden) II-43
Bayerische Motoren Werke G.m.b.H. (Germany) II-43
Cummins, Inc. (USA) II-44
Daimler AG (Germany) II-44
Daimler Trucks North America LLC (USA) II-44
Fiat S.p.A. (Italy) II-44
Chrysler Group LLC (USA) II-45
Ford Motor Company (USA) II-45
General Motors Company (USA) II-46
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. (Japan) II-46
Hyundai Motor Company (South Korea) II-46
Isuzu Motors Ltd. (Japan) II-47
Mazda Motor Corporation (Japan) II-47
Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (Japan) II-47
Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. (Japan) II-47
PSA Peugeot Citroën S.A. (France) II-48
Renault SA (France) II-48
Suzuki Motor Corporation (Japan) II-49
Toyota Motor Corporation (Japan) II-49
Volkswagen AG (Germany) II-49
Natural Gas Vehicles Component Manufacturers II-49
Altech-Eco Corp. (US) II-49
BRC Gas Equipment Co. (Italy) II-50
Fuel Systems Solutions, Inc (US) II-50
IMPCO Technologies, Inc (US) II-50
Landi Renzo S.p.A (Italy) II-51
NatGasCar Company (US) II-51
Robert Bosch GmbH (Germany) II-51
Westport Innovations (Canada) II-52
Venchurs Vehicle Systems (US) II-52

8. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-53
Table 25: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan,
Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa,
and Latin America Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-53

Table 26: World Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles by
Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa, and Latin America
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-54

Table 27: World 15-Year Perspective for Natural Gas Vehicles
by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Vehicle
Population for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Middle East and Africa, and Latin America
Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-55

Table 28: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles by Product Segment - Light Duty Vehicles,
Medium Duty and Heavy Duty Trucks and Medium Duty and Heavy Duty
Buses Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Natural Gas
Vehicle Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-56

Table 29: World Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles by
Product Segment - Light Duty Vehicles, Medium Duty and Heavy
Duty Trucks and Medium Duty and Heavy Duty Buses Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-57

Table 30: World 15-Year Perspective for Natural Gas Vehicles
by Product Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Vehicle
Population for Light Duty Vehicles, Medium Duty and Heavy Duty
Trucks and Medium Duty and Heavy Duty Buses Markets for Years
2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-58


III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES III-1
A.Market Analysis III-1
Current and Future Analysis III-1
An Insight into the US Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFV) Market III-1
Overview of NGV Market III-1
Major Challenges III-1
Energy Security Concerns and Vast Natural Gas Resource Base:
Rationale for Increasing the Adoption of NGVs III-2
Fleets: The Major Target Market for NGVs III-2
Factors Influencing Prospects for NGVs III-2
Fleet Rules Implemented by the Government III-2
Economic Incentives of the Government III-2
Hydrogen Filled Future Scenario III-3
Market Drivers III-3
Deteriorating Air-Quality III-3
Legislations and Regulations III-3
Energy Policy Act III-3
Mandated ZEV Requirements III-4
California Air Resources Board III-4
Clean Cities Program III-5
The US DOT Program III-5
Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988 (AMFA) III-5
The Energy Tax Incentives Act of 2002 III-5
Major AFV Partnerships and Initiatives in the US III-5
San Pedro Bay Ports CAAP III-5
Federal Alternative Motor Vehicle Credit III-6
Grants from CARB III-6
HOV Lane Access III-6
The Highway Bill III-7
California Low Carbon Fuel Standard III-7
SCAQMD’s Clean Fleet Rules III-7
The NLEV Initiative III-7
US Council for Automotive Research III-8
Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles III-8
The Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium III-8
Key Statistical Findings III-9
Table 31: US Natural Gas Market (2013): Percentage Share
Breakdown of NG Consumption (25.9 quadrillion Btu) by
Sector (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-9

Table 32: US Automotive Market (2013): Percentage Share
Breakdown of Number of Vehicles in Use by Vehicle Fuel Type
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-9

Table 33: Alternative Fuel Consumption in the US (2013):
Percentage Share Breakdown of Consumption Volume (in 000
Gasoline Equivalent gallons) by Fuel Type (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-9
Strategic Corporate Developments III-10
Product Launches III-10
Key Players III-10
B.Market Analytics III-13
Table 34: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-13

Table 35: US Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles with
Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for Years
2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-14

2. CANADA III-15
A.Market Analysis III-15
Current and Future Analysis III-15
Automobile Industry: An Overview III-15
Change - The Only Constant Variable III-15
Preferred Alternative Fuel System Supplier III-15
NGV Market Scenario III-15
Key Players III-16
B.Market Analytics III-17
Table 36: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-17

Table 37: Canadian Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-17

3. JAPAN III-18
A.Market Analysis III-18
Current and Future Analysis III-18
Automobile Industry: An Overview III-18
Growing Vehicular Pollution Encourages Adoption of NGVs in
the Nation III-18
Key Players III-19
B.Market Analytics III-21
Table 38: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-21

Table 39: Japanese Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-21

4. EUROPE III-22
A.Market Analysis III-22
Automobile Industry: An Overview III-22
NGVs Market - A Review III-22
A Mixed Bag for Europe on the NGV Front Until Now III-22
Market Outlook III-23
Tax Incentives III-23
Factors Influencing Market Growth III-23
Deteriorating Environment with Increasing Vehicle Population III-23
Growing Government Regulations and Public Initiatives III-24
Subsidies for Alternative Fuel Vehicles III-24
Market Restraints III-24
High Cost: The Major Barrier III-24
Inadequate Refueling Infrastructure III-24
Emerging Alternatives to NGV and Conventional Vehicular
Developments III-25
European NGV Initiatives III-25
JOULE-THERMIE Program III-25
ENGVA III-26
Product Launch III-26
B.Market Analytics III-27
Table 40: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles by Geographic Region - France,
Germany, Italy, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Armenia,
and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for Years
2013 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-27

Table 41: European Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, Russia,
Sweden, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Armenia, and Rest of Europe
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Natural Gas
Vehicle Population in Units for Years 2006 through 2012
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-28

Table 42: European 15-Year Perspective for Natural Gas
Vehicles by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Vehicle Population for France, Germany, Italy, Russia,
Sweden, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Armenia, and Rest of Europe
Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-29

4a. FRANCE III-30
A.Market Analysis III-30
Current and Future Analysis III-30
NGV Strategy: Targeting Fleet Population in Initial Stages III-30
Growing Market for NGVs III-30
Key Players III-30
B.Market Analytics III-32
Table 43: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32

Table 44: French Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32

4b. GERMANY III-33
A.Market Analysis III-33
Current and Future Analysis III-33
Automobile Industry: An Overview III-33
Europe’s Numero Uno Passenger Car Manufacturer III-33
Engineering Excellence - The German Signature III-33
Key Players III-33
B.Market Analytics III-35
Table 45: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

Table 46: German Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

4c. ITALY III-36
A.Market Analysis III-36
Current and Future Analysis III-36
Growing Vehicle Population and Environmental Impact III-36
Why AFVs in Italy? III-36
Major Government Programs for Curbing Pollution III-37
Energy Consumption Trends III-37
The Ensuing Environmental Impact III-37
Major Player III-37
B.Market Analytics III-38
Table 47: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-38

Table 48: Italian Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-39

4d. RUSSIA III-40
A.Market Analysis III-40
Current and Future Analysis III-40
Automobile Industry: An Overview III-40
A Major Auto Market Despite High Entry Barriers III-40
Auto Industry - A Vital Economic Growth Driver III-40
A Leading Producer of Oil and Natural Gas III-40
B.Market Analytics III-41
Table 49: Russian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-41

Table 50: Russian Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-41

4e. SWEDEN III-42
A.Market Analysis III-42
Current and Future Analysis III-42
A Key Player III-42
B.Market Analytics III-43
Table 51: Swedish Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-43

Table 52: Swedish Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-44

4f. UKRAINE III-45
A.Market Analysis III-45
Current and Future Analysis III-45
B.Market Analytics III-45
Table 53: Ukrainian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-45

Table 54: Ukrainian Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-46

4g. BULGARIA III-47
A.Market Analysis III-47
Current and Future Analysis III-47
B.Market Analytics III-47
Table 55: Bulgarian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-47

Table 56: Bulgarian Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48

4h. ARMENIA III-49
A.Market Analysis III-49
Current and Future Analysis III-49
B.Market Analytics III-49
Table 57: Armenian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-49

Table 58: Armenian Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-50

4i. REST OF EUROPE III-51
A.Market Analysis III-51
Current and Future Analysis III-51
Overview of Select Markets III-51
Czech Republic III-51
Poland III-51
Spain III-51
The United Kingdom III-51
Automobile Industry: An Overview III-51
Lack of Policy Clarity Hampers NGV Growth III-52
Driving System Hinders Growth III-52
The Impact of SMEs III-52
Investment Criteria III-53
B.Market Analytics III-53
Table 59: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas
Vehicle Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-53

Table 60: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Natural Gas
Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units
for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-54

5. ASIA-PACIFIC III-55
A.Market Analysis III-55
Current and Future Analysis III-55
Automobile Industry: An Overview III-55
Asia - A Combination of Distinctly Different Markets III-55
Factors Driving the Regional NGV Sector III-55
Air Pollution: A Major Concern III-55
Soaring Oil Prices Entail Development of Alternatives III-55
Growing Environmental Regulations III-55
Market Restraints III-56
High Vehicle and Conversion Costs III-56
NGV Infrastructure Developments: Still in Infancy III-56
B.Market Analytics III-57
Table 61: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Natural Gas Vehicles by Geographic Region -
China, India, South Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, Bangladesh,
Thailand, Myanmar, Uzbekistan, and Rest of Asia-Pacific
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Natural Gas
Vehicle Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-57

Table 62: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Natural Gas
Vehicles by Geographic Region - China, India, South Korea,
Malaysia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Myanmar,
Uzbekistan, and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units
for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-58

Table 63: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Natural Gas
Vehicles by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Vehicle Population for China, India, South Korea, Malaysia,
Pakistan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Myanmar, Uzbekistan, and
Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-59

5a. CHINA III-60
A.MARKET ANALYSIS III-60
Current and Future Analysis III-60
Increasing Distribution of Natural Gas to Boost NGV Growth III-60
Table 64: Chinese NGV Market (2013): Percentage Share
Breakdown of NGV Sales by Vehicle Type (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-60
Natural Gas Price Hike to Reduce Economic Benefits of
Natural Gas Vehicles - A Challenge III-61
B.Market Analytics III-61
Table 65: Chinese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-61

Table 66: Chinese Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-62

5b. INDIA III-63
A.Market Analysis III-63
Current and Future Analysis III-63
Air Pollution: Major Driving Force for NGVs III-63
New Gas Supply to Boost Market III-63
B.Market Analytics III-64
Table 67: Indian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-64

Table 68: Indian Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-64

5c. SOUTH KOREA III-65
A.Market Analysis III-65
Current and Future Analysis III-65
B.Market Analytics III-65
Table 69: South Korean Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas
Vehicle Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-65

Table 70: South Korean Historic Review for Natural Gas
Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units
for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-66

5d. MALAYSIA III-67
A.Market Analysis III-67
Current and Future Analysis III-67
A Major Gas Producer and Exporter III-67
NGV Industry in Over-Drive Mode III-67
B.Market Analytics III-68
Table 71: Malaysian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-68

Table 72: Malaysian Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-68

5e. PAKISTAN III-69
A.Market Analysis III-69
Current and Future Analysis III-69
Pakistan Polishes Up its NGV Industry III-69
Government Policies III-69
B.Market Analytics III-70
Table 73: Pakistan Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-70

Table 74: Pakistan Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-70

5f. BANGLADESH III-71
A.Market Analysis III-71
Current and Future Analysis III-71
Highest Penetration of NGVs III-71
B.Market Analytics III-72
Table 75: Bangladesh Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-72

Table 76: Bangladesh Historic Review for Natural Gas
Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units
for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-72

5g. THAILAND III-73
A.Market Analysis III-73
Current and Future Analysis III-73
Energy Requirements Driving NGV Industry III-73
B.Market Analytics III-74
Table 77: Thai Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-74

Table 78: Thai Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles with
Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for Years
2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-74

5h. MYANMAR III-75
A.Market Analysis III-75
Current and Future Analysis III-75
B.Market Analytics III-75
Table 79: Myanmar Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-75

Table 80: Myanmar Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-76

5i. UZBEKISTAN III-77
A.Market Analysis III-77
Current and Future Analysis III-77
B.Market Analytics III-77
Table 81: Uzbekistan Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-77

Table 82: Uzbekistan Historic Review for Natural Gas
Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units
for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-78

5j. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC III-79
A.Market Analysis III-79
Current and Future Analysis III-79
Overview of Select Markets III-79
Australia III-79
Industry Overview III-79
Major Growth Factors III-80
Increasing Crude Oil Imports with Growing Domestic
Consumption III-80
Vast Natural Gas Reserves III-80
Major Factors Restraining Widespread NGV Use III-80
Limitations of Major Initiatives III-80
NGV Availability III-81
Underdeveloped Refueling Infrastructure III-81
Opportunities for LNG Exports III-81
Major Federal Initiatives III-81
The CNG Infrastructure Program (CNGIP) III-81
The Alternative Fuels Conversion Program (AFCP) III-81
The Diesel and Alternative Fuels Grants Scheme (DAFGS) III-81
The Alternative Fuels Grants Scheme (AFGS) III-82
Excise Exemption III-82
Energy Credits Scheme III-82
Indonesia III-82
Changing Energy Economics Drive Indonesia to Natural Gas III-82
New Zealand III-82
Evolution of NGV Market III-82
B.Market Analytics III-83
Table 83: Rest of Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas
Vehicle Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-83

Table 84: Rest of Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Natural
Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in
Units for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-83

6. MIDDLE EAST and AFRICA III-84
A.Market Analysis III-84
Current and Future Analysis III-84
B.Market Analytics III-84
Table 85: Middle East and African Recent Past, Current and
Future Analysis for Natural Gas Vehicles by Geographic
Region - Iran, Egypt, and Rest of Middle East and Africa
Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Natural Gas
Vehicle Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-84

Table 86: Middle East and African Historic Review for Natural
Gas Vehicles by Geographic Region - Iran, Egypt, and Rest of
Middle East and Africa Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for Years
2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-85

Table 87: Middle East and African 15-Year Perspective for
Natural Gas Vehicles by Geographic Region - Percentage
Breakdown of Vehicle Population for Iran, Egypt, and Rest of
Middle East and Africa Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-86

6a. IRAN III-87
A.Market Analysis III-87
Current and Future Analysis III-87
Iran - The Largest Regional Market for NGVs III-87
Refining Capacity Shortage Spurs NGV Industry III-87
IFCO - The Nodal Agency for NGVs III-87
B.Market Analytics III-88
Table 88: Iran Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-88

Table 89: Iran Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles with
Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for Years
2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-89

6b. EGYPT III-90
A.Market Analysis III-90
Current and Future Analysis III-90
Innovative Programs Promote NGVs III-90
B.Market Analytics III-91
Table 90: Egypt Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-91

Table 91: Egypt Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-91

6c. REST OF MIDDLE EAST and AFRICA III-92
A.Market Analysis III-92
Current and Future Analysis III-92
Overview of Select Markets III-92
Nigeria III-92
United Arab Emirates (UAE) III-92
Abu Dhabi - Prospective Market for NGV III-92
Sharjah - Actively Plying Vehicles on Compressed Natural Gas III-92
B.Market Analytics III-93
Table 92: Rest of Middle East and Africa Recent Past, Current and
Future Analysis for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual
Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for Years 2013
through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-93

Table 93: Rest of Middle East and Africa Historic Review for
Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-93

7. LATIN AMERICA III-94
A.Market Analysis III-94
Current and Future Analysis III-94
Emerging Trends in Latin American NGV Market III-94
Automobile Industry: An Overview III-94
B.Market Analytics III-95
Table 94: Latin American Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Natural Gas Vehicles by Geographic Region -
Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela, Bolivia,
Colombia, and Rest of Latin America Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units
for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-95

Table 95: Latin American Historic Review for Natural Gas
Vehicles by Geographic Region - Argentina, Brazil, Mexico,
Peru, Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, and Rest of Latin
America Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Natural
Gas Vehicle Population in Units for Years 2006 through 2012
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-96

Table 96: Latin American 15-Year Perspective for Natural Gas
Vehicles by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Vehicle Population for Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Peru,
Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, and Rest of Latin America
Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-97

7a. ARGENTINA III-98
A.Market Analysis III-98
Current and Future Analysis III-98
B.Market Analytics III-98
Table 97: Argentinean Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-98

Table 98: Argentinean Historic Review for Natural Gas
Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units
for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-99

7b. BRAZIL III-100
A.Market Analysis III-100
Current and Future Analysis III-100
Market Overview III-100
Brazil Rising Over the International Horizon III-100
B.Market Analytics III-101
Table 99: Brazilian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-101

Table 100: Brazilian Historic Review for Natural Gas
Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units
for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-101

7c. MEXICO III-102
A.Market Analysis III-102
Current and Future Analysis III-102
B.Market Analytics III-102
Table 101: Mexican Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-102

Table 102: Mexican Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-103

7d. PERU III-104
A.Market Analysis III-104
Current and Future Analysis III-104
B.Market Analytics III-104
Table 103: Peruvian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-104

Table 104: Peruvian Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-105

7e. VENEZUELA III-106
A.Market Analysis III-106
Current and Future Analysis III-106
B.Market Analytics III-106
Table 105: Venezuelan Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-106

Table 106: Venezuelan Historic Review for Natural Gas
Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units
for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-107

7f. BOLIVIA III-108
A.Market Analysis III-108
Current and Future Analysis III-108
B.Market Analytics III-108
Table 107: Bolivian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-108

Table 108: Bolivian Historic Review for Natural Gas Vehicles
with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-109

7g. COLOMBIA III-110
A.Market Analysis III-110
Current and Future Analysis III-110
B.Market Analytics III-111
Table 109: Colombian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Natural Gas Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle
Population in Units for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-111

Table 110: Colombian Historic Review for Natural Gas
Vehicles with Annual Natural Gas Vehicle Population in Units
for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-111

7h. REST OF LATIN AMERICA III-112
A.Market Analysis III-112
Current and Future Analysis III-112
B.M

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