Table of Contents
Technologies enabling efficient reuse of produced water
This research service report presents an analysis of the current capability and expected future trends for produced water treatment technologies. Presently produced water is treated mainly to meet disposal standards. Current practices also include reinjection into deep wells. Conventional treatment methods such as distillation, membrane filtration, reverse osmosis, hydrofloatation are used to a larger extent compared to other technologies to address the two major pollutants – hydrocarbons and salinity or total dissolved solids. These technologies have drawbacks such as high energy intensity, extensive chemicals usage or requirement for integration with multiple technologies. An analysis of upcoming trends in produced water treatment and their expected adoption in the future have been mapped.
Research Scope and Objective
The objective of this research service is to report on the current produced water treatment technologies and map the technological development in the industry until the year 2020.
Produced water is defined as the water brought up from the hydrocarbon bearing strata during the extraction of oil and/or gas and can include formation water, injection water, condensed water, and trace amounts of treatment chemicals. The scope of this research service includes produced water treatment technologies that enable treated produced water to meet reuse and discharge standards. Produced water can be reused for oil and gas industry, agriculture, domestic, and industrial purposes (specific usage).
Briefly, this research service provides:
-A snapshot of current produced water treatment technologies and their capabilities.
-Market impact assessment, and analysis of key innovations and technology and business accelerators and challenges in the field of produced water treatment technologies.
-An assessment of technology adoption region-wise and by technology, and an analysis of end users’ expectations of the technologies.
-An evaluation of emerging opportunities, technology roadmapping, and recommendations for technology development and management.
-Some key patents that provide an insight into notable activities and global participants, and a detailed list of contacts in the field, which includes names, titles, addresses, phone numbers, email IDs, and Website URLs.
1 Currently, the emphasis of treatment technologies is to meet disposal requirements. However, in the future, with evolution of technological advancements that decrease cost but provide increased efficiency, treatment scope would shift to reuse of produced water. Treatment is already quite prevalent in North America and Europe.
2 North America and Europe has stringent regulations for produced water disposal and the regulations are expected to become even more stringent in the future.
3 Produced water in the form of flowback water from shale gas wells would also be a major source which needs to be addressed. Its management is a major factor affecting profitability and brand image of industry players. Shale oil deposits are approximately of billion barrels worldwide.
4 Regions such as Africa that possess immense oil production potential would be the major patron of the produced water treatment technologies and much scope lies for penetration.
5 Potential emerging technologies for produced water treatment will be forward osmosis, electro-coagulation and humidification-dehumidification technologies.
6 Robustness, reduced system footprint, number of treatment units and lower capital and operating costs are the expectations of end users of produced water treatment technologies.
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