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  5. > Water Shortage to Hit Power Sector in India : Is there is Enough Water to Support India’s Power Expansion?

Why Should the Industry worry? No Water, No Power!

Water in a coal-based power plant is heated and turned into steam for power. Power plants require a substantial amount of water for cooling purposes and for operations. But nearly two-thirds of India’s power plants are located in water-scarce or water-stressed areas. And nearly 80 percent of the plants planned for the future will be located in such areas. This conflict illustrates the importance of taking water related risks into account when planning future developments. Huge investments are at risk.

Over 80% of the new power capacities are planned in water stresses areas

Most of the thermal power plants in India lie in the water stressed areas and in a need to suffice this need they could create imbalance on a social front where drinking water could take a hit to meet growing demand for water by the power plant. Water supply to the existing plants and the new ones to come is likely to be a very big challenge as there is uncertainty associated to sustainable supply of the resource. Every 1 MW of thermal power plant requires over 33,000 m3 of water / year. For sure over 200 GW of thermal capacity seen by 2020 would witness water shortage.

Table Of Contents

Water Shortage to Hit Power Sector in India : Is there is Enough Water to Support India’s Power Expansion?
1. Executive Summary
2. Water Demand and Availability Scenario in India
o Water demand and supply by states / regions
o Water demand and supply by end users
o Trends in per capita water consumption
o Factors causing water strain in India - climate change
3. Water usage norms and source of water supply to power sector
o Quality and Quantity
o Usage norms in thermal power, hydro power, nuclear and solar thermal
o Water requirement by different state level generation companies, IPPs, MPPs, CGS
o Supply source in different states - sea water, fresh water, waste water
4. Estimating current and future demand for water in power sector: 2012, 2020, 2050
o BAU Scenario - Projected Power Capacity and Demand for Power (Irrigation Water Demand and Other Industry)
o Optimistic and Realistic Scenario - Projected Power Capacity and Demand for Power
o Competition from other industries
5. Assessing the demand vs. supply gap for water in power sector
o Estimated increase in water resources in India
o Projecting the water availability across states
o Water likely to be available for power sector
6. Water shortage risk assessment of all power plants in India
o Current power plants - high, medium, low
o Planned power plants - high, medium, low
7. Risk profiling of stakeholders having assets / investments in water stressed regions
o State Generation Companies
o Private Utilities - Reliance, Tata, Adani, Lanco..
o CGS - NTPC
o Banks / Funding institutions exposure
8. Benchmarking different states of India on water availability scenario: 2012, 2020, 2050
o Region
o States
9. Benchmarking thermal power plants on water usage effiency
o Pioneers, Leaders and Laggards
o Case studies
10. Technology Innovation to enable efficient water usage
11. Opportunities for companies providing water and waster water management solutions
12. PESTEL Analysis of water supply to industries
o Current and emerging
13. Lessons from other geographies
o Use of waste water in power

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