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  4. > Polyurethane Chemicals and Products in South America 2014 - Volume 6 Elastomers

1. Introduction Elastomers

This is the sixth volume in a series of eight, examining the market for polyurethane chemicals and their use in the manufacture of polyurethane products South America. This volume focuses specifically on polyurethane elastomers.

The titles of all eight volumes are:
Volume 1: Raw Materials
Volume 2: Flexible Foam
Volume 3: Rigid Foam
Volume 4: Coatings
Volume 5: Adhesives & Sealants
Volume 6: Elastomers
Volume 7: Binders
Volume 8: End-use Markets

Each volume can be used alone and includes a summary containing details of the total use of polyurethane chemicals. This new study revises and updates IAL’s research of the polyurethane industry in South America. It builds upon ongoing research into various sectors conducted in recent years. The information contained within this report is based upon an extensive programme of interviews throughout the industry, involving raw materials producers and suppliers, end users, systems houses and relevant trade
associations and industry experts. Most research for this report was undertaken during the second half of 2013, when respondents were able to discuss figures for the full year of 2013. This report therefore contains both PU product production and raw material consumption figures for the year 2013 and forecasts to 2018.

Information provided in this volume has been obtained from existing in-house data and an extensive programme of interviews with leading product manufacturers, trade associations, raw materials producers and systems houses across South America. Published data and statistics have also been reviewed in order to produce as accurate figures as possible for the consumption of raw materials in the production of polyurethane products. Forecasts for the production of PU products and consumption of raw materials
have been calculated for the year 2018, based upon industry and economic forecasts as well as upon other relevant commercial and technical issues likely to affect individual market sectors and products. Detailed market analyses of all product sectors are presented in the relevant volumes. Slight discrepancies in the totals may occur, due to rounding.

The production of polyurethane elastomers and related raw material demand is broken down as follows:
- Cast Elastomers (hot and cold cure)
- Fibres/Spandex
- Footwear
- RIM/RRIM (including automotive window encapsulation)
- Technical Microcellular
- Synthetic Leather
- Other/Non-specific
- Argentina
- Brazil
- Chile
- Colombia
- Peru
- Venezuela
- Rest of South America

All the volumes quoted in this report relate to tonnes of finished PU elastomers and tonnes of raw material consumed, including the additives, fillers and other materials.

The forecasts included in this report are based upon industry comments and economic indicators. It can be difficult to present a summary of forecasts for all the various types of polyurethane materials because of the many different factors which may affect the market. Manufacturers themselves are often unable to agree whether a market will increase or decrease, preferring instead to quote the factors most likely to influence it. Forecasts for changes in production by product type and by each application are
given for each country covered in this report. These are five-year forecasts, derived from industry comments and expectations, both from the end users and raw material sectors of the polyurethane industry. Forecasts for production in 2018 are given alongside the actual production figures provided for 2013. Additional statistical information to support the market figures for each end-use sector is provided in Volume 8 of this report.

The multitude of proprietary formulations used in the various product sectors of the polyurethanes industry means that a number of assumptions have to be necessarily made with respect to product formulations. In this section, the assumptions made (expressed as % w/w formulations) in calculating raw material consumption by product are presented. Since volumes are derived from the below formulations, figures therefore are presented as exact figures.

Indicative Formulations
PU Elastomers: Raw Material Formulations in South America (% w/w)
End-use Market MMDI TDI Speciality
& Polyol
Cast 25 4 2 37 2 4 16 90 10 100
Fibres/Spandex 20 0 0 0 0 73 0 93 7 100
Footwear 35 0 0 16 0 0 42 93 7 100
RIM/RRIM 30 0 5 50 0 0 0 85 15 100
Technical Microcellular 26 4 0 37 0 0 22 89 11 100
TPUs 37 0 1 3 0 10 37 88 12 100
Synthetic Leather 12 0 0 5 0 0 18 35 65 100
Other – Non-specific 30 0 0 10 0 0 48 88 12 100

List of Abbreviations Used
ABS Anti-lock brake system
DMF Dimethylfomamide
DOP Dioctyl phthalate
EVA Ethylene vinyl acetate
H12MDI, HMDI Hydrogenated methylene di-isocyanate
HDI Hexamethylene di-isocyanate
IPDI Isophorone di-isocyanate
MDI Methylene bis (4-phenyl isocyanate)
MMDI Monomeric MDI (pure)
MPU Microcellular polyurethane elastomer
NCO Isocyanate
NDI 1,5-naphthalene di-isocyanate
OEM Original equipment manufacturer
OH Polyol
PEBA Polyether block amide
PMDI Polymeric MDI (crude)
PTHF, PTMEG Polytetrahydrofuran
PU Polyurethane
PVC Polyvinyl chloride
RIM Reaction injection moulding
RRIM Reinforced reaction injection moulding
SBS Styrene-butadiene-styrene
SRIM Structural RIM
SUV Sports utility vehicle
TDA Toluenediamine
TDI Toluene 2,4-di-isocyanate
TPE Thermoplastic elastomer
TPEE Thermoplastic polyester elastomer
TPO Thermoplastic polyolefin
TPR Thermoplastic rubber
TPU Thermoplastic polyurethane
TPV Thermoplastic vulcanizate

Table Of Contents

Polyurethane Chemicals and Products in South America 2014 - Volume 6 Elastomers
Table of Contents
Volume 6 Elastomers
Title Page Elastomers
1. Introduction Elastomers
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Indicative Formulations 4
1.3 Abbreviations 5
2. Elastomers Market Trends
2.1 Elastomer Trends 6
3. Key Market Players
3.1 Leading Producers of Polyurethane Elastomers 17
4.1 South America Elastomers
4.1.1 Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 18
4.1.2 Forecast Raw Material Consumption 19
4.1.3 PU Production by Country and Type 20
4.1.4 Forecast PU Production by Country and Type 21
4.1.5 Growth in Production of Elastomers 22
4.2 Argentina
4.2.1 Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 23
4.2.2 Forecast Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 24
4.2.3 Growth in Production of Elastomers 25
4.3 Brazil
4.3.1 Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 26
4.3.2 Forecast Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 27
4.3.3 Growth in Production of Elastomers 28
4.4 Chile
4.4.1 Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 29
4.4.2 Forecast Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 30
4.4.3 Growth in Production of Elastomers 31
4.5 Colombia
4.5.1 Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 32
4.5.2 Forecast Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 33
4.5.3 Growth in Production of Elastomers 34
4.6 Peru
4.6.1 Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 35
4.6.2 Forecast Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 36
4.7 Venezuela
4.7.1 Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 37
4.7.2 Forecast Elastomers Raw Material Consumption 38
4.7.3 Growth in Production of Elastomers 39

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