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Trailer and Cargo Container Tracking – 5th Edition

  • November 2016
  • -
  • Berg Insight AB
  • -
  • 200 pages

Trailer and Cargo Container Tracking is the fifth consecutive report from Berg Insight analysing the latest developments on the trailer and cargo container tracking and security market worldwide.

This strategic research report from Berg Insight provides you with 200 pages of unique business intelligence including 5-year industry forecasts and expert commentary on which to base your business decisions.


Highlights from this report:

- Insights from 40 new executive interviews with market leading companies.
- Comprehensive overview of the real-time cargo tracking value chain and key applications.
- In-depth analysis of market trends and key developments. Summary of major cargo tracking initiatives from the EU and the US.
- Updated profiles of 86 container tracking solution providers. Detailed forecasts by market vertical lasting until 2020.

This report answers the following questions:
- Which are the leading providers of trailer and cargo container tracking solutions?
- What offerings are available from device vendors and service providers?
- What impact will international regulations and security initiatives have on the market?
- What are the key drivers behind the adoption of cargo tracking devices?
- What are the recent merger and acquisition activities on this market?
- What impact will technology advancements have on the market?
- How will the cargo telematics industry evolve in the future?

The installed base of active cargo tracking units has reached 3 million

Trailer and cargo container tracking is a subsegment of asset tracking and aims to increase operational efficiency and make logistics chains more secure. Berg Insight’s definition of a real-time tracking solution is a system that incorporates data logging, satellite positioning and data communication to a backoffice application. Trailer tracking can be part of fleet management solutions including both trucks and trailers.

The history of fleet management solutions goes back several decades while tracking and monitoring of shipping containers came in focus after 9/11. Today, mobile and satellite networks can provide ubiquitous online connectivity at a reasonable cost and mobile computing and sensor technology delivers high performance as well as excellent usability. All of these components combined enable the delivery of supply chain management, security management and operations management applications linking trailers, containers, cargo and enterprise IT systems.

In order to make freight transport efficient, products are packed into collective logistics units which can remain intact throughout the delivery chain. Smaller logistics units such as boxes and pallets are often grouped into larger units and loaded on semi-trailers, swap bodies, air freight unit load devices (ULDs) or intermodal shipping containers. These loading units can be applicable to one or more modes of transport. Semi-trailers are mostly used in road transport, swap bodies can be transferred between road and rail transport, ULDs are used in air freight transport and shipping containers can be carried on several transport modes. More than 20 million intermodal containers and over 13 million trailers are in use worldwide.


Berg Insight estimates that shipments of remote tracking systems with cellular or satellite communication capabilities for cargo loading units including trailers, intermodal containers, air freight cargo containers, cargo boxes and pallets reached 0.8 million units worldwide in 2015. Growing at a compound annual growth rate of 25.0 percent, the shipments are expected to reach 2.3 million units in 2020. During the same period, the installed base of remote tracking systems is forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 23.2 percent from 2.9 million units at the end of 2015 to 8.1 million units by 2020. Trailer tracking is the largest market segment, estimated to account for 56.8 percent of the total installed base of tracking units deployed on trailers and cargo containers in 2015. Intermodal container tracking is the second largest segment with an estimated installed base of 0.9 million tracking units at the end of 2015.

Berg Insight ranks ORBCOMM as the largest provider of tracking solutions for cargo loading units, having a significant installed base of trailers as well as containers. The company has in the past years been highly involved in M&A activity related to real-time asset tracking, including notable acquisitions such as Euroscan and WAM Technologies. The latter was involved as a subcontractor in AT&T’s major project for Maersk which has rolled out a system for real-time tracking of its entire fleet of 270,000 refrigerated containers. The project is one of the largest cellular-based industrial IoT deployments of its kind and effectively positions AT&T as one of the leading providers of tracking solutions for cargo loading units. The North American trailer telematics market is dominated by ORBCOMM, SkyBitz and Omnitracs which all have more than 200,000 active units, while Spireon and I.D.

Systems have surpassed 100,000 units. The European trailer telematics market is considerably smaller and leading Europe-based players with 20,000– 50,000 active trailer units include Idem Telematics, Blue Tree Systems, Schmitz Cargobull and Novacom. Mecomo and Agheera are strong vendors in the adjacent swap body segment. Other providers with more than 50,000 active units include FreightWatch International and Numerex, having the lion’s share of their installed bases in the general cargo and container tracking segments respectively. Other major players in the container tracking space for example include Envotech and Savi Technology, while notable vendors in the segment of air freight cargo tracking include OnAsset Intelligence and Sendum Wireless. There are moreover providers offering tracking services based on disposable devices such as Zenatek.

Berg insight anticipates that there will be a strong focus on increased supply chain visibility and transport security in the coming years. Tracking of trailers and intermodal containers is increasingly common and technology advancements allow for ever-smaller logistics units such as individual pallets or cargo boxes to be tracked at a reasonable cost. Acceptance of remote tracking solutions will first be established in specific usage scenarios such as high-value, time-critical or refrigerated goods. Decreasing hardware costs, improved battery life and the emergence of LPWA technologies are expected to impact the market positively and foster wide-spread adoption of cargo tracking solutions in the coming years.

Table Of Contents

Trailer and Cargo Container Tracking - 5th Edition
Table of Contents
Table of Contents i
List of Figures vii
Executive summary 1
1 Global freight transportation overview 3
1.1 International merchandise trade 4
1.1.1 Freight transportation modes 6
1.1.2 Logistics units and containerisation 7
1.1.3 Ports, terminals and trade lanes 9
1.2 Intermodal shipping containers 12
1.2.1 Container fleet 13
1.2.2 Container manufacturers 14
1.2.3 Container ships 15
1.2.4 Container ownership structure 16
1.2.5 Container shipping companies 17
1.2.6 Container leasing companies 18
1.3 Trailers, semi-trailers and ULDs. 19
1.3.1 Trailers and semi-trailers 19
1.3.2 Air freight unit load devices 21
1.4 Other transport industry actors 24
1.4.1 Consigner/Consignee 25
1.4.2 Freight forwarders 25
1.4.3 Customs and regulatory authorities 25
1.4.4 Terminal operators and ground handlers 26
2 Trailer and cargo container tracking solutions 27
2.1 Trailer and cargo container tracking infrastructure 28
2.1.1 Trailer and cargo container segment 30
2.1.2 GNSS segment 33
2.1.3 Network segment 34
2.1.4 Service segment 36
2.2 Supply chain management 37
2.2.1 Cargo and inventory management 37
2.2.2 Insurance risk management 38
2.3 Security management 39
2.3.1 Theft, accident and damage security 39
2.3.2 Terrorism and illegal and dangerous goods security 39
2.4 Trailer and container operations management 40
2.4.1 Container and trailer management 40
2.4.2 Container and trailer transport management 40
2.5 Regulatory compliance and reporting 41
2.5.1 Supply chain security and environmental programs 41
2.5.2 Tax collection 45
2.6 International container and cargo tracking technology initiatives 46
2.6.1 The Integrity project 46
2.6.2 The Smart-CM project 47
2.6.3 The Cassandra project 47
2.6.4 The CONTAIN project 49
2.6.5 The iCargo project 49
2.6.6 The CORE project 50
2.6.7 The RTICM project 51
2.6.8 The SaMoLoSa project 52
2.6.9 The US Department of Homeland Security's Cargo Security Programs 52
2.6.10 The RECONS project 53
2.6.11 The Apex-Secure Transit Corridors Project 53
2.7 Business models 54
3 Market forecasts and trends 57
3.1 Market analysis 57
3.1.1 Installed base and unit shipments 57
3.1.2 Regional markets 59
3.1.3 Vendor market shares 61
3.2 Market drivers and barriers 66
3.2.1 Macroeconomic environment 66
3.2.2 Regulatory environment 67
3.2.3 Competitive environment 68
3.2.4 Technology environment 69
3.3 Value chain analysis 70
3.3.1 Telematics industry players 70
3.3.2 Cargo transport industry players 76
3.3.3 Telecom industry players 81
3.3.4 IT industry players 85
3.4 Future industry trends 86
4 European solution providers 89
4.1 AEON Customs Consultancy 91
4.2 Agheera 91
4.3 Arviem 92
4.4 Blue Tree Systems 93
4.5 CargoGuard 94
4.6 CSB Technologies 95
4.7 DHL 97
4.8 EPSa 97
4.9 Global Tracking Technology 99
4.10 Globe Tracker International 100
4.11 Idem Telematics 101
4.12 Identec Solutions 102
4.13 Kirsen Global Security 103
4.14 Kizy Tracking 105
4.15 KPN 106
4.16 Loksys Solutions 107
4.17 Macnil (Zucchetti Group) 108
4.18 Masternaut 108
4.19 Mecomo 109
4.20 Novacom 111
4.21 Ovinto 112
4.22 SAVVY Telematic Systems 113
4.23 Schmitz Cargobull 114
4.24 SecureSystem 116
4.25 Sycada 117
4.26 Transics (WABCO) 118
4.27 TRAXENS 120
4.28 Trusted 121
4.29 Ubidata 121
4.30 Xmetra 123
4.31 Yellowfish (Fleetmonitor) 123
4.32 Zenatek 124
4.33 ZOCA Container Security 125
5 North American solution providers 127
5.1 7PSolutions 129
5.2 ATandT 130
5.3 Ayantra 132
5.4 CalAmp 132
5.5 DeWalt 135
5.6 Digi International 136
5.7 Digital Communications Technologies 137
5.8 e2e Logistics Consulting 138
5.9 Emerson 138
5.10 Fleetilla 141
5.11 FreightWatch International 142
5.12 Geoforce 144
5.13 Globalstar 145
5.14 Hi-G-Tek 147
5.15 Honeywell Global Tracking 149
5.16 I.D. Systems 150
5.17 Intelyt 151
5.18 Locus Traxx (Emerson) 152
5.19 Numerex 152
5.20 Omnitracs 154
5.21 OnAsset Intelligence 157
5.22 ORBCOMM 158
5.23 PakSense (Emerson) 162
5.24 PalleTech 163
5.25 Powers International 164
5.26 Purfresh 164
5.27 Quake Global 166
5.28 RSAE Labs 166
5.29 Savi Technology 168
5.30 Sendum Wireless 169
5.31 SkyBitz 171
5.32 Spireon 173
5.33 T24 Defence 175
5.34 TekTrap Systems 176
5.35 TrackPoint Systems 178
5.36 TrakLok International 179
5.37 Trimble 180
5.38 Zest Labs (Ecoark) 182
6 Rest of World solution providers 185
6.1 Arknav 186
6.2 CartaSense 187
6.3 ContGuard 187
6.4 Ctrack (Inseego) 188
6.5 Eliron 189
6.6 Envotech 189
6.7 Globaltrack 191
6.8 Loginno Logistic Innovation 192
6.9 Pointer Telocation 193
6.10 Queclink Wireless Solutions 196
6.11 Satlock 196
6.12 Starcom Systems 197
6.13 Swinnus 199
6.14 Tracertrak (Pivotel) 201
6.15 ZIM 202
Glossary 203




List of Figures

Figure 1.1: Index for GDP and international merchandise trade (World 1981-2015) 4
Figure 1.2: Merchandise trade by region (World 2015) 5
Figure 1.3: External trade by mode of transport (EU-28 2014) 6
Figure 1.4: Container port throughput (World 1999-2014) 9
Figure 1.5: Top 10 container ports (World 2015) 10
Figure 1.6: Top 10 air cargo ports (World 2015) 11
Figure 1.7: Container flows 12
Figure 1.8: Intermodal container fleet by type (World 2015) 13
Figure 1.9: Intermodal container fleet size (World 2006-2015) 14
Figure 1.10: Container manufacturer market shares (World 2015) 15
Figure 1.11: Container fleet ownership structure (World 2015) 16
Figure 1.12: Top 10 container shipping companies (World October 2016) 17
Figure 1.13: Top container leasing companies (World 2015/2016) 19
Figure 1.14: Cargo trailer fleet by region (World 2014) 20
Figure 1.15: Examples of ULD pallet and container form factors 21
Figure 1.16: Annual air cargo growth rates by major market (World 2015) 22
Figure 1.17: Top 10 air cargo airlines (World 2015) 23
Figure 1.18: The transport chain 24
Figure 2.1: Real-time trailer and cargo container tracking infrastructure overview 29
Figure 2.2: Examples of trailer and cargo container tracking device form factors 31
Figure 2.3: Data interfaces used by container tracking units 32
Figure 2.4: Mobile operators by M2M subscriber base (World Q2-2016) 35
Figure 2.5: Example of trailer and cargo container tracking service segment 36
Figure 2.6: Examples of supply chain programs and initiatives (World 2016) 43
Figure 2.7: Stakeholder benefits through Cassandra data sharing and risk assessment 48
Figure 3.1: Trailer and cargo container tracking device shipments (World 2015-2020) 58
Figure 3.2: Trailer tracking device shipments by region (World 2015-2020) 60
Figure 3.3: Major cargo loading unit tracking vendors (Q4-2015) 62
Figure 3.4: Major trailer tracking vendors (Q4-2015) 63
Figure 3.5: Major intermodal container tracking vendors (Q4-2015) 65
Figure 3.6: Data for selected trailer and cargo container tracking industry players 71
Figure 3.7: MandAs in the trailer and cargo container tracking space (2014-2016) 75
Figure 3.8: Overview of Maersk Line's Remote Container Management (RCM) 78
Figure 3.9: Examples of telecom players offering cargo container and trailer tracking 82
Figure 4.1: European solution providers (A-D) 89
Figure 4.2: European solution providers (E-Z) 90
Figure 4.3: Kizy Tracking's K-1 GSM tracker device 105
Figure 4.4: Mecomo's mecSOLAR solar-powered tracking device 110
Figure 4.5: SAVVY Synergy Enterprise and associated hardware devices 114
Figure 4.6: Schmitz Cargobull's TrailerConnect telematics hardware 116
Figure 5.1: North American solution providers (A-E) 127
Figure 5.2: North American solution providers (F-T) 128
Figure 5.3: 7PSolutions' GL200 multi-function asset tracker and EMM probe 129
Figure 5.4: Overview of PalleTech's solution 163
Figure 5.5: Purfresh active atmosphere panels 165
Figure 5.6: Sendum's PT300 package tracker 170
Figure 5.7: T24 Defence's Shadow tracking device 176
Figure 5.8: TekTrap Systems' CargoKeeper solution overview 177
Figure 6.1: Rest of World solution providers 185
Figure 6.2: Pointer's CelloTrack Nano and external Bluetooth LE MultiSense device 195
Figure 6.3: Satlock's USAT C and USAT G electronic seals 197
Figure 6.4: Swinnus' ConTracer and iLock series of container tracking and security devices 200

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