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Global Germanium Industry

  • June 2014
  • -
  • Global Industry Analysts
  • -
  • 185 pages

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Germanium in Kilograms by the following End-Use Segments: Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other Uses. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2013 through 2020. Also, a seven-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 16 companies including many key and niche players such as -

Chemical and Technical Developments Ltd.
GFI Advanced Technologies Inc.
Indium Corporation
Japan Algae Co., Ltd.
Novotech, Inc.

Table Of Contents

Global Germanium Industry



I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY and PRODUCT DEFINITIONS

Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1
Disclaimers I-2
Data Interpretation and Reporting Level I-2
Quantitative Techniques and Analytics I-3
Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3
Fiber Optic Systems I-4
Polymerization Catalysts I-4
Infrared Optics I-4
Electronics/Solar Applications I-4
Other Uses (Phosphors, Metallurgy, and Chemotherapy) I-4


II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW II-1
A Prelude II-1
Current and Future Analysis II-1
Analysis by Geographic Region II-2
Analysis by End-Use Application II-2
China - The Largest Market for Germanium II-2
Table 1: Global Germanium Production for the Years 2007
through 2012 in Metric Tons (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) II-3

Table 2: Global Germanium Market (2012): Refinery Production
by Country for China, Russia, US and Others in Kilograms
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-3
Germanium Industry in the Year 2013 II-3
Supply Situation II-4
Germanium Market Exhibits Price Volatility II-4

2. MARKET DYNAMICS II-6
World Economic Outlook II-6
Resurgence in Growth Fundamentals Encourages an Optimistic
Market Outlook for the Year 2014 and Beyond II-7
Improvement in GDP Performance Bodes Well for the Market II-7
Table 3: World Real GDP Growth Rates in % by Country (2013 and
2014E) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-9
Impact of the Europe's Debt Crisis II-9
Asia-Pacific Spearheads Global Germanium Demand II-10

3. A REVIEW OF MAJOR END-USE SECTORS II-11
Electronic Components - A Key End-Use Market for Germanium II-11
Growing Adoption of Advanced Electronic Devices Drive Demand
for Germanium II-12
Growing Use of Graphene in Electronics II-12
Table 4: Global Passive Components Market (2012): Percentage
Breakdown of Share by Region - Asia-Pacific, Europe, Americas
and Rest of World (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-13
SiGe Offering Bright Prospects for the Electronics Industry II-13
SiGe Technology Supports Growth of Germanium II-13
SiGe Technology to Revolutionize Data Processing Applications II-14
Next Generation Superchips II-14
Demand and Consumption II-14
Search for Supplemental Germanium Reserves II-14
Electronic Capacitors - A Review II-14
Growth in Telecom Sector Drives Demand for Germanium II-15
Semiconductor - A Key Application Market II-16
Solar Cells Propel Need for Germanium Substrates II-16
Optical Coatings: Current Scenario and Prospects II-16
Medical Fiber Optics - An Emerging End-Use Market for Germanium II-17
New Uses for Germanium II-18
Germanium Use in PET Bottles Witnesses Hard Time II-19

4. TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS/CHALLENGES II-20
Silicon-Germanium Transistor Achieves Record Speed Levels II-20
Scientists Develop Thin Films of Germanium for Flexible
Electronics II-20
Innovative Epitaxy Process to Integrate GeSn MOSPET Devices on
Silicon II-21
Self-Assembled Microbonded Ge-Si Heterojunction Photodiode II-21
Development of Laser-Compatible Germanium II-23
Germanium Laser - Engineering Challenges II-23
Germanane to Provide Electron Transportation II-24
Germanium Transistors to Boost Computer Speed II-24
HPGe Detectors for Homeland Security II-25
Wider Applications of Germanium in Primary and Recovered
Production II-26
Research Proves Germanium's Transition under Pressure as per
Theory II-27

5. PRODUCT OVERVIEW II-28
Germanium - A Technical Primer II-28
Physical Constants of Germanium II-28
Atomic Structure of Germanium II-28
Occurrence II-28
Common Ores of Germanium II-29
Isotopes of Germanium II-29
Germanium Compounds II-29
Germanium Tetrachloride II-30
History of Germanium II-30
Extraction of Germanium II-31
From Zinc Ores II-31
The Process II-31
Synthetic Method II-32
Innovative Germanium Recovery Process from Bell Labs II-32
Germanium Manufactured in Spherical Form II-32
Applications of Germanium II-32
Solid-State Electronics - The First Known Application of
Germanium II-32
Electronic Applications Soar Popularity of Germanium II-32
Substitutes Dent Germanium's Popularity II-32
Fiber Optics and Infrared Optics - Breathing New Life II-33
Military Sector - Largest End User of Germanium Infrared
Optics II-33
Automobile Sector - Not Far Behind II-33
Other End-Use Applications of Germanium II-33
As a Catalyst II-33
As a Bacteriocide II-33
Environmental Concerns II-33

6. MAJOR END-USE MARKETS II-34
Fiber Optic Systems - On a Fast Track II-34
Breakthrough Technology in Telecommunications II-34
Communication Systems - Booster to Optic Fiber Technology II-34
Polymerization Catalysts II-35
Infrared Optics II-35
Exploiting Germanium Property in Space Research Operations II-35
For Military Surveillance II-36
Electronics and Solar Electrical Applications II-36
Electrical Applications II-36
Semiconductors - Backbone of the Electronics Industry II-36
Usage of Germanium in Semiconductors II-36
Diodes II-37
Germanium - Economical Substrate for LEDs II-37
Germanium-Carbon Diodes II-37
Germanium Resistance Sensors II-38
Transistors II-38
Germanium and Silicon Transistors in Music Industry II-38
Si-Ge Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors II-39
IBM Develops High-Speed Transistors II-39
Germanium Detectors II-40
J16 Series II-40
Solar Cells II-40
Other End-Use Applications II-41
Jewelry Products II-41
Optical Discs II-41
Conventional Concave Mirrors II-41
Germanium-Carbon Composites II-41

7. SILICON - GERMANIUM TECHNOLOGY II-42
SiGe Technology First Conceptualized by Optoelectronics II-42
IBM - Pioneer in Commercializing SiGe Technology II-42
SiGe ICs- A Substitute to Multiple Components II-43
Integration Capabilities of SiGe II-43
Other Advantages II-43
IBM and Leica Geosystems Explore Si-Ge Technology for GPS II-43
Performance Gains of SiGe BiCMOS Circuits II-44
Philips Releases Latest BiCMOS Process II-44

8. GERMANIUM IN MEDICINE II-45
Organic and Inorganic Germanium II-45
Benefits of Organic Germanium II-45
A Powerful Antioxidant II-45
Dietary Supplement II-45
Cellular Oxygen Catalyst II-45
Superior Cellular Support Nutrient II-45
Super Nutrient II-46
Impulse Stimulator II-46
In Digestive Process II-46
Removes Harmful Toxins II-46
In Diagnosis of Diseases II-46
Treatment of Cancer II-47
Curing Heart Disease II-47
In Treatment of AIDS and Other Diseases II-48
Germanium Health Bracelet II-48
Germanium Bath II-48
Germanium Sesquioxide II-48
Bis-Beta Carboxyethyl Germanium Sesquioxide II-48
Colloidal Germanium II-49
Use of Organic Germanium (Ge-132) in Cosmetic Products II-49
Adverse Effects of Inorganic Germanium II-49

9. SUBSTITUTES OF GERMANIUM II-50
Polymerization Catalysts Substitutes II-50
Substitute to SiGe Chips II-50

10. PRODUCT LAUNCHES II-51
Knight Optical Introduces New Germanium Products Range II-51
IMEC, AIST and Katholiek University of Leuven Develop New
Technique II-51
Imec Reveals Strained Germanium p-channel FinFETs II-51
NATS Launches Hawk Gamma Spectrometer II-52
Buffalo FX Launches B1 Germanium Booster II-52

11. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-53
Air Liquide to Take Over Voltaix II-53
GigOptix Inks Licensing Agreement with IBM II-53
Indium Takes Over Manufacturing Facility in New York II-54
Umicore Announces Plans to Consolidate Germanium Optics
Manufacturing in US II-54
Yunnan Lincang Xinyuan Germanium Industrial Commences
Construction of National Germanium Base in China II-54
Sparton Energy Signs MoU with Voltaix II-54
Yunnan Chihong Zinc and Germanium to Acquire Xinhu Mining II-55
Umicore to Centralize Production of Germanium- based Optics
Products in Quapaw II-55

12. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS II-56
Chemical and Technical Developments Ltd (UK) II-56
GFI Advanced Technologies Inc. (US) II-56
Indium Corporation (US) II-56
Japan Algae Co., Ltd. (Japan) II-57
Novotech, Inc. (US) II-57
Photonic Sense GmbH (Germany) II-57
PPM Pure Metals GmbH (Germany) II-58
Teck Resources Limited (Canada) II-58
Umicore SA (Belgium) II-58
Umicore Electro-Optic Materials (Belgium) II-59
Voltaix, LLC (US) II-59
Yunnan Chihong Zinc and Germanium Co., Ltd (China) II-59
Yunnan Lincang Xinyuan Germanium Industry Co., Ltd. (China) II-60

13. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-61
Table 5: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-61

Table 6: World Historic Review for Germanium by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-62

Table 7: World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by Geographic
Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for US,
Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-63

Table 8: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium in Fiber Optic Systems by Geographic Region - US,
Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-64

Table 9: World Historic Review for Germanium in Fiber Optic
Systems by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-65

Table 10: World 15-Year Perspective For Germanium In Fiber
Optic Systems By Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Consumption Volume for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-66

Table 11: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium in Polymerization Catalysts by Geographic Region -
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-67

Table 12: World Historic Review for Germanium in
Polymerization Catalysts by Geographic Region - Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-68

Table 13: World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium in
Polymerization Catalysts by Geographic Region - Percentage
Breakdown of Consumption Volume for Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-69

Table 14: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium in Infrared Optics by Geographic Region - US,
Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-70

Table 15: World Historic Review for Germanium in Infrared
Optics by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-71

Table 16: World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium in Infrared
Optics by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of
Consumption Volume for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific
(excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-72

Table 17: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium in Electronics/ Solar Applications by Geographic
Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding
Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
Years 2013 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-73

Table 18: World Historic Review for Germanium in
Electronics/Solar Applications by Geographic Region - US,
Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin
America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through
2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-74

Table 19: World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium in
Electronics/Solar Applications by Geographic Region -
Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for US, Canada,
Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America
and Rest of World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-75

Table 20: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium in Other End-Use Applications by Geographic Region -
US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan),
Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed
with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013
through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-76

Table 21: World Historic Review for Germanium in Other End-Use
Applications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption
Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-77

Table 22: World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium in Other
End-Use Applications by Geographic Region - Percentage
Breakdown of Consumption Volume for US, Canada, Japan, Europe,
Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of
World Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) II-78


III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES III-1
A.Market Analysis III-1
Current and Future Analysis III-1
Sources of Germanium in the US III-1
Table 23: US Germanium Refinery Production (2006-2012) (in
kilograms) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-2
Recycling.... III-2
Pricing Scenario III-2
Table 24: US Germanium Market (2010-2013): Prices for Zone
Refined and Dioxide (Electronic Grade) in US$ per Kilogram
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-3
Import and Export Scenario III-3
Table 25: US Imports of Germanium for the Years 2007
through 2013 in Kilograms (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-3

Table 26: US Exports of Germanium for the Years 2007
through 2013 in Kilograms (includes corresponding
Graph/Chart) III-4

Table 27: US Exports of Germanium Oxides and Zirconium
Dioxide (2012 and 2013): Percentage Breakdown of Export Value
by Destination Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4

Table 28: US Imports of Germanium Oxides and Zirconium
Dioxide (2012 and 2013): Percentage Breakdown of Import Value
by Country of Origin (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-5
Product Launch III-6
Strategic Corporate Developments III-6
Key Players III-8
B.Market Analytics III-10
Table 29: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/ Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013
through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-10

Table 30: US Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Infrared Optics,
Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-11

Table 31: US 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for
Fiber Optic Systems, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets for
Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-12

2. CANADA III-13
A.Market Analysis III-13
Current and Future Analysis III-13
Import and Export Scenario III-13
Table 32: Canadian Exports of Germanium Oxides and
Zirconium Dioxide (2012 and 2013): Percentage Breakdown of
Annual Export Value by Destination Country (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-13

Table 33: Canadian Imports of Germanium Oxides and
Zirconium Dioxide (2012 and 2013): Percentage Breakdown of
Annual Import Value by Country of Origin (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-14
Teck Resources Limited - A Key Player III-14
B.Market Analytics III-15
Table 34: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/ Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013
through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-15

Table 35: Canadian Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Infrared Optics,
Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-16

Table 36: Canadian 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Infrared Optics,
Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-17

3. JAPAN III-18
A.Market Analysis III-18
Current and Future Analysis III-18
Car Safety Systems to Spur Growth III-18
Product Launch III-18
Japan Algae Co., Ltd. - A Key Player III-18
B.Market Analytics III-19
Table 37: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/
Solar Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-19

Table 38: Japanese Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-20

Table 39: Japanese 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-21

4. EUROPE III-22
Market Analysis III-22
Table 40: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Germanium by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy,
UK, Spain, Russia, Belgium, and Rest of Europe Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-23

Table 41: European Historic Review for Germanium by
Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain,
Russia, Belgium, and Rest of Europe Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-24

Table 42: European 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia,
Belgium, and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-25

Table 43: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis
for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-26

Table 44: European Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-27

Table 45: European 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-28

4a. FRANCE III-29
A.Market Analysis III-29
Current and Future Analysis III-29
Product Launch III-29
B.Market Analytics III-30
Table 46: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-30

Table 47: French Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-31

Table 48: French 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-32

4b. GERMANY III-33
A.Market Analysis III-33
Current and Future Analysis III-33
Key Players III-33
B.Market Analytics III-34
Table 49: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/
Solar Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-34

Table 50: German Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-35

Table 51: German 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-36

4c. ITALY III-37
Market Analysis III-37
Table 52: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-37

Table 53: Italian Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-38

Table 54: Italian 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-39

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM III-40
A.Market Analysis III-40
Current and Future Analysis III-40
Product Launch III-40
Chemical and Technical Developments Ltd - A Major UK Player III-40
B.Market Analytics III-41
Table 55: UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-41

Table 56: UK Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-42

Table 57: UK 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for
Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared
Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-43

4e. SPAIN III-44
Market Analysis III-44
Table 58: Spanish Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-44

Table 59: Spanish Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-45

Table 60: Spanish 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-46

4f. RUSSIA III-47
A.Market Analysis III-47
Current and Future Analysis III-47
Russia Removes Import Duty on Germanium III-47
B.Market Analytics III-48
Table 61: Russian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/
Solar Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48

Table 62: Russian Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-49

Table 63: Russian 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-50

4g. BELGIUM III-51
A.Market Analysis III-51
Current and Future Analysis III-51
Product Launch III-51
Key Players III-51
B.Market Analytics III-53
Table 64: Belgian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/
Solar Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-53

Table 65: Belgian Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-54

Table 66: Belgian 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-55

4h. REST OF EUROPE III-56
Market Analysis III-56
Table 67: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic
Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics,
Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-56

Table 68: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
and Other End-Use Applications Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-57

Table 69: Rest of Europe 15-Year Perspective for Germanium
by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-58

5. ASIA-PACIFIC III-59
Market Analysis III-59
Table 70: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Germanium by Geographic Region - China, and
Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013
through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-59

Table 71: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Germanium by
Geographic Region - China, and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2006 through 2012 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-60

Table 72: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for China, and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for Years
2006, 2014 and 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-61

Table 73: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic
Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics,
Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-62

Table 74: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
and Other End-Use Applications Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-63

Table 75: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-64

5a. CHINA III-65
A.Market Analysis III-65
Outlook III-65
Overview of Germanium Market III-65
Chinese Germanium Industry Flexes Muscles III-66
Strategic Corporate Developments III-66
Key Players III-67
B.Market Analytics III-68
Table 76: Chinese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for
Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems,
Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar
Applications, and Other End-Use Applications Markets
Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in
Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020 (includes
corresponding Graph/Chart) III-68

Table 77: Chinese Historic Review for Germanium by End-Use
Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with
Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2006
through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-69

Table 78: Chinese 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-70

5b. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC III-71
Market Analysis III-71
Table 79: Rest of Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic
Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics,
Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-71

Table 80: Rest of Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Germanium
by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
and Other End-Use Applications Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-72

Table 81: Rest of Asia-Pacific15-Year Perspective for
Germanium by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of
Consumption Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
and Other End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and
2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-73

6. LATIN AMERICA III-74
Market Analysis III-74
Table 82: Latin American Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic
Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics,
Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-74

Table 83: Latin American Historic Review for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
and Other End-Use Applications Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-75

Table 84: Latin American 15-Year Perspective for Germanium
by End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-76

7. REST OF WORLD III-77
Market Analysis III-77
Table 85: Rest of World Recent Past, Current and Future
Analysis for Germanium by End-Use Application - Fiber Optic
Systems, Polymerization Catalysts, Infrared Optics,
Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other End-Use
Applications Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual
Consumption Figures in Kilograms for Years 2013 through 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-77

Table 86: Rest of World Historic Review for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization
Catalysts, Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications,
and Other End-Use Applications Markets Independently
Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Kilograms for
Years 2006 through 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-78

Table 87: Rest of World 15-Year Perspective for Germanium by
End-Use Application - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption
Volume for Fiber Optic Systems, Polymerization Catalysts,
Infrared Optics, Electronics/Solar Applications, and Other
End-Use Applications Markets for Years 2006, 2014 and 2020
(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-79


IV. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE

Total Companies Profiled: 16 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 19)

The United States (5)
Canada (1)
Japan (1)
Europe (8)
- France (1)
- Germany (2)
- The United Kingdom (2)
- Rest of Europe (3)
Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) (4)

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