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East African Transmission and Distribution Industry

  • August 2014
  • -
  • Frost & Sullivan
  • -
  • 75 pages

Oil Discoveries Increase Investment and Consequently T&D Growth
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This research service provides a high-level analysis of the East African transmission and distribution (T&D) industry, focusing on the top 3 countries: Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania. The base year for the study is 2013, and forecasts for the industry are provided from 2014 to 2019. The study provides insights into the current state of the T&D market in East Africa and identifies the key current and future projects. This study also discusses industry challenges, drivers, restraints, and offers a view on the investment climate within each of the 3 countries' T&D sectors.

Key Findings
-The East African power sector is highly underdeveloped. The region has the lowest electricity access rate of all the African regions.
-The electricity demand is expected to at least double by 2019 in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, the countries within the scope of this study. This growth is faster than the expected expansion rate of the transmission and distribution (T&D) networks in the region.
-To help alleviate the challenges facing the T&D industry in the region, the East African Power Pool (EAPP) was formed. The EAPP will allow countries with a power deficit to import power and countries with a surplus to export power.
-Some of the major projects under the EAPP include the Zambia-Tanzania-Kenya Power Interconnector and the Eastern Electricity Highway.
-Nevertheless, these countries still face challenges in implementing power infrastructure programmes. These include old and unreliable infrastructure, a lack of project funding, low electricity demand, and a skills shortage.
-In addition to these challenges, there are restraints that have slowed the growth of the industry. Among these restraints are non cost-reflective tariffs and slow decision-making processes.
-However, in spite of these challenges and restraints, factors such as economic growth, an increase in direct investment, and the need to increase electricity access are driving the T&D industry in East Africa.
-The government of Kenya has embarked on regulatory reform that has seen the liberalisation of the Kenyan power sector. However, Kenya does not offer any industry-specific incentives for the power sector.
-Tanzania has a disadvantage because it is the only country in the study that has a single, vertical utility in charge of power generation, transmission, and distribution. However, Tanzania has seen increased activity in the T&D industry, with a lot of business coming from Asian companies.
-Uganda has concessions with private companies for the generation and distribution of power. This has led to an increase of foreign direct investment (FDI) into the country and an improvement in the T&D industry.
-In comparison to other countries on the continent, the countries within the scope of this study carry a lot of potential in the T&D industry due to the solid macro- and socioeconomic policies that have led to increased investment.
-The discovery of oil and gas in the region will also increase investment in the foreseeable future. This investment is expected to infiltrate the T&D sector as well.
-However, there is a certain level of uncertainty due to some of the political decisions that have been made and the threat of war and terrorism from some of the neighbouring countries.

Table Of Contents

East African Transmission and Distribution Industry
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Executive Summary
Key Findings

2. RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY

Research Scope and Methodology
Key Questions This Study Will Answer
Research Scope
Methodology

3. REGIONAL OVERVIEW

Regional Overview
The State of Transmission and Distribution in East Africa
Electricity Demand Forecast by Country
Regional Connections
Project in Focus—The Eastern Electricity Highway
Project in Focus—Zambia-Tanzania-Kenya Power Interconnector
On-going Interconnection Projects

4. INDUSTRY CHALLENGES

Industry Challenges

5. INDUSTRY DRIVERS AND RESTRAINTS

Industry Drivers and Restraints
Industry Drivers
Drivers Explained
Industry Restraints
Restraints Explained

6. KENYA ANALYSIS

Kenya Analysis
Country Overview
Electricity Sector Overview
TandD Industry Overview
Investment Climate—Legislative Environment
Investment Climate—Investment Incentives
Investment Climate—Industry Participants
Investment Climate—Project Finance
Projects Under Development

7. TANZANIA ANALYSIS

Tanzania Analysis
Country Overview
Electricity Sector Overview
Industry Overview
Investment Climate—Legislative Environment
Investment Climate—Investment Incentives
Investment Climate—Industry Participants
Investment Climate—Project Finance
Projects Under Development

8. UGANDA ANALYSIS

Uganda Analysis
Country Overview
Electricity Sector Overview
Industry Overview
Investment Climate—Legislative Environment
Investment Climate—Investment Incentives
Investment Climate—Project Finance
Projects Under Development

9. THE LAST WORD

The Last Word
The Last Word—3 Big Predictions
Legal Disclaimer

10. APPENDIX

Appendix
Table of Acronyms Used
List of Exhibits

11. THE FROST and SULLIVAN STORY

The Frost and Sullivan Story
Value Proposition
Global Perspective
Industry Convergence
360º Research Perspective
Implementation Excellence
Our Blue Ocean Strategy

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