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Colombia - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

  • September 2014
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 74 pages

Mobile network operators expand LTE services following a key spectrum auction
Colombia is included in a group of up-and-coming nations (dubbed CIVETS) which have considerable potential for investors in a range of sectors, including telecommunications. To encourage foreign investment the government, in office since 2010, is shaking off the country's image as a trouble spot.
Mobile penetration is relatively high for the region. While market growth has slowed in recent years, it retains significant potential, particularly in the mobile broadband sector, which in 2014 has begun to develop rapidly as the five licensees which were awarded spectrum at auction in mid-2014 began to launch commercial LTE services. The market is dominated by three MNOs (Claro, Movistar, and Tigo) though there is a lively MVNO sector to provide additional competition. These include Uff! Movil, ETB, Movil éxito and Virgin Mobile.

Fixed-line teledensity in Colombia is well below the Latin American average. The number of lines in service continues to fall steadily, with customers abandoning traditional phones in favour of mobile and VoIP services. As in other Latin American countries, most of the existing fixed telephone lines are concentrated in the larger cities, leaving the rest of the population under-serviced.
Over the last several years the telecom market has seen a number of mergers, which has intensified competition among the major players. In mid-2014 Tigo merged with the municipally-owned UNE-EPM, enabling the operators to develop converged fixed and mobile services.
Colombia's broadband penetration is relatively high for the region, though it has been hampered by poor fixed-line infrastructure in many areas of the country. The government has launched several initiatives to increase broadband take-up, including the Vive Digital program and the National Fibre Optic Project.

Key developments:

UNE-EPM merger with Tigo Columbia receives regulatory approval; Claro extends LTE coverage; Avantel launches commercial LTE services; DirectTV launches LTE services; Virgin Mobile and Movil éxito launch as MVNOs; Movistar and Claro have licenses extended for ten years; Colombian bank Banagrícola acquires a 70% stake in Uff! Movil; Avantel plans $250 million investment in LTE; DirecTV launches a fixed and wireless internet service based on its LTE network; government plans COP200 billion investment in national WiFi network to 2018; Azteca Comunicaciones completes 95% of its fibre network; Claro to convert digital TV operation to the DVB-C standard by 2015; AT&T agrees to buy DirectTV's Latin American operations; National Fibre Optic Project requiring an investment of COP1.2 trillion ($600 million); ETB to cover one million premises with fibre by end-2018; ETB launches its IPTV service; New National Television Authority replaces CNTV for regulating and managing TV services; report includes the regulator's market data to Q1 2014; operator data to Q2 2014; recent market developments.

Companies and subsidiaries mentioned in this report include:

Movistar (Telefonica Telecom ), Claro (Telmex/Comcel), UNE-EPM, Emcali, Tigo, Avantel, DirecTV, Uff! Movil, Metrotel, Emcali, Virgin Mobile, Movil éxito, Globalstar, Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Santa Fe de Bogotà (ETB), Telebucaramanga, Edatel, BT Colombia, Calipso, Caucatel, Colomsat, Synapsis, Global TV.
Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table Of Contents

Colombia - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts
1. Key Statistics
1.1 Country overview
1.1.1 Economic background
2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Overview of Colombia's telecom market
2.2 Historical review
2.3 Market analysis
2.4 Closing the digital divide
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 Background
3.2 Convergence Decree
3.3 The ICT Law of 2009
3.4 Developments
3.5 Regulatory authorities
3.5.1 CRC (previously CRT)
3.5.2 ANTV
3.6 Privatisation
3.7 Telecom sector liberalisation in Colombia
3.8 Universal service fund
3.9 Licensing
3.10 Foreign investment
3.11 Wholesale
3.12 Interconnect
3.13 Access
3.14 Number portability
3.15 Multicarrier system/carrier preselection
3.16 Per-minute billing
3.17 Subsidies
3.18 Fines
4. Fixed Network Operators
4.1 Overview of operators
4.1.1 Local operators
4.1.2 Long-distance operators
4.2 ETB
4.2.1 Privatisation and merger plans
4.3 Movistar (Telefónica Telecom/Colombia Telecom)
4.4 UNE-EPM Telecomunicaciones
4.4.1 Previous subsidiaries
4.4.2 Edatel
4.4.3 Telefónica de Pereira
4.5 Claro (Telmex Colombia/America Móvil)
4.6 Emcali
4.7 Telebucaramanga
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.1.1 Fixed-line statistics
5.2 International infrastructure
5.2.1 Submarine cable networks
5.2.2 Satellite networks
5.2.3 Terrestrial links
5.3 Infrastructure developments
5.3.1 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
5.4 Wholesae Overview
6. Broadband Market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Internet/broadband statistics
6.1.2 Major ISPs and broadband players
6.2 Government initiatives
6.2.1 ICT access projects
6.2.2 Compartel
6.2.3 National ICT Plan
6.2.4 Vive Digital
6.2.5 National fibre-optic network
6.3 Cable modems
6.4 Asynchronous Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
6.5 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) services
6.6 WiMAX
6.7 Mobile internet
6.8 Media convergence
6.8.1 Triple play solutions
7. Digital Media / Digital Economy
7.1 Digital economy
7.1.1 E-commerce
7.2 Broadcasting
7.2.1 Market overview
7.2.2 Cable TV
7.2.3 Satellite TV
7.2.4 Digital terrestrial TV (DTTV)
8. Mobile Communications
8.1 Overview of Colombia's mobile market
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.2 Regulatory issues
8.2.1 Spectrum regulations and auctions
8.2.2 Mobile number portability (MNP)
8.2.3 Theft prevention
8.3 Mobile technologies
8.3.1 Overview
8.3.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile networks (UMTS)
8.3.3 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
8.4 Mobile Network operators
8.4.1 Claro (Comcel/America Móvil)
8.4.2 Movistar (Telefónica/Colombia Telecomunicaciones)
8.4.3 Tigo (Colombia Móvil/Millicom, EPM, ETB)
8.4.4 Avantel
8.4.5 UNE-EPM
8.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators
8.5.1 Market analysis
8.5.2 Uff! Móvil
8.5.3 ETB
8.5.4 Metrotel
8.5.5 Emcali
8.5.6 Virgin Mobile
8.5.7 Móvil Éxito
8.6 Mobile voice services
8.6.1 Prepaid
8.7 Mobile Messaging
8.7.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
8.8 Mobile data services
8.8.1 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
8.9 Mobile broadband
8.10 Mobile satellite
9. Forecasts
9.1 Forecasts fixed-line market 2015; 2020
9.1.1 Scenario 1 higher fixed line growth
9.1.2 Scenario 2 lower fixed line growth
9.2 Forecasts fixed broadband market 2015; 2020
9.2.1 Scenario 1 higher broadband growth
9.2.2 Scenario 2 lower broadband growth
9.3 Forecasts mobile market 2015; 2020
9.3.1 Scenario 1 higher mobile market growth
9.3.2 Scenario 2 lower mobile market growth
Table 1 Country statistics Colombia 2014 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2014 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2014 (e)
Table 4 Broadband statistics 2014 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2014 (e)
Table 6 Regulatory authorities
Table 7 Evolution of GDP in Colombia 2000 - 2014
Table 8 Fixed and mobile subscribers in Colombia 2005 2014
Table 9 Historic - Fixed and mobile market share 1998 - 2004
Table 10 Fixed and mobile market share 2005 - 2014
Table 11 Telcom market revenue (COP) 2000 - 2014
Table 12 Telecom investment by operator ($ million) 2010 - 2012
Table 13 Share of fixed lines in service (major operators) 2000 - 2014
Table 14 DLD traffic: market share by operator 2000 - 2013
Table 15 ILD outgoing traffic: market share by operator 2000 - 2013
Table 16 ETB lines in service 2000 - 2014
Table 17 Movistar fixed lines in service 2000 - 2014
Table 18 UNE lines in service 2000 - 2014
Table 19 Claro fixed lines in service 2000 - 2014
Table 20 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1996 - 2004
Table 21 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 - 2014
Table 22 Historic - Internet users and user penetration rates 1997 - 2004
Table 23 Internet users and user penetration rates 2005 - 2014
Table 24 Broadband subscribers by access speed 2013 - 2014
Table 25 Broadband subscribers by type of access 2012 - 2014
Table 26 Total internet subscribers (fixed and mobile) and penetration 2012 - 2014
Table 27 Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rates 2002 - 2014
Table 28 Broadband technologies in Colombia market share 2003 - 2014
Table 29 Major broadband operators market share 2011 - 2013
Table 30 Broadband subscribers by major operator 2012 - 2014
Table 31 Cable modem subscribers and penetration rates 2003 - 2014
Table 32 ADSL subscribers and penetration rates 2003 - 2014
Table 33 Fibre broadband subscribers 2012 - 2014
Table 34 Mobile internet subscribers 2012 - 2014
Table 35 Colombia B2C e-commerce spending 2005 - 2014
Table 36 Pay TV providers' market share 2013
Table 37 Cable TV subscribers and penetration rates 2000 - 2013
Table 38 Historic - Major cable-TV providers' market share 2004 - 2008
Table 39 Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rates 2000 - 2013
Table 40 Satellite TV operators' market share 2004 - 2013
Table 41 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1997 - 2004
Table 42 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2014
Table 43 Market share of mobile operators 2001 - 2014
Table 44 Evolution of mobile ARPU in Colombia major operators 2009 - 2012
Table 45 Spectrum allocations 1993
Table 46 3G subscribers 2010 - 2014
Table 47 LTE subscribers 2012 - 2014
Table 48 Claro subscribers 2001 - 2014
Table 49 Movistar subscribers 2001 - 2014
Table 50 Tigo subscribers 2003 2014
Table 51 Tigo financial data 2010 - 2013
Table 52 Avantel mobile subscribers 2013 2014
Table 53 UNE-EPM mobile subscribers 2012 2014
Table 54 Uff! mobile subscribers 2012 2014
Table 55 ETB mobile subscribers 2013 2014
Table 56 Virgin Mobile subscribers 2013 2014
Table 57 Mobile prepaid/postpaid ratio 2005 - 2014
Table 58 Mobile broadband market share of operators 2010 - 2013
Table 59 Mobile internet subscriptions by technology 2011 - 2014
Table 60 Forecast fixed lines higher growth scenario 2015; 2020
Table 61 Forecast fixed lines lower growth scenario 2015; 2020
Table 62 Forecast broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2015; 2020
Table 63 Forecast broadband subscribers lower growth scenario 2015; 2020
Table 64 Forecast mobile subscribers higher growth scenario 2015; 2020
Table 65 Forecast mobile subscribers lower growth scenario 2015; 2020
Chart 1 Fixed and mobile subscribers in Colombia 2005 2014
Chart 2 Fixed lines in service - market share at a glance - 2000 2014
Chart 3 Fixed lines in service market evolution at a glance 2005 - 2014
Chart 4 Internet users and user penetration rates 2005 2014
Chart 5 Broadband subscribers market evolution at a glance 2003 - 2014
Chart 6 Mobile subscribers market evolution at a glance 2005 2014
Exhibit 1 Map of Colombia
Exhibit 2 ETB at a glance
Exhibit 3 Movistar at a glance
Exhibit 4 UNE-EPM Telecomunicaciones at a glance
Exhibit 5 UNE subsidiaries and affiliates
Exhibit 6 Telmex Colombia (trading as Claro) at a glance
Exhibit 7 Major ISPs, broadband players and services offered
Exhibit 8 Comcel (trading as Claro) at a glance
Exhibit 9 Movistar at a glance
Exhibit 10 Tigo at a glance
Exhibit 11 4G auction results

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