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  5. > Analysis of the South African Liquid Bulk Storage Market at Commercial Ports

Decreasing Chemical Storage May Create Commercial Uncertainty

This South African study takes a closer look at the liquid bulk storage located on Transnet National Ports Authority (TNPA) land. It focuses on three of the eight commercial ports, namely Richards Bay, Durban, and Ngqura. For each of the three ports, the volumes of liquid bulk storage and qualitative trends for petroleum and chemical storage are provided. In addition, storage ownership, and future strategies and changes up to 2019 are provided. Also, a brief overview of the storage at Saldanha Bay and East London, and expected changes up to 2019 are given.

Key Findings

Richards Bay
-Island View Storage (IVS) is the only terminal operator for liquid bulk storage at the port of Richards Bay with a capacity of cubic metres (m3). Approximately % of this capacity is used to store chemicals.
-Royal Vopak and Reatile Resources have applied to NERSA (National Energy Regulator of South Africa) to construct m3 of liquid bulk storage at Richards Bay.
-An estimated m3 of the m3 planned for phase 1 (to be completed by 2016) will store chemicals. Chemical storage will increase when phase 2 is completed, however, a date for this has not been established.

Durban
-There are 3 independent liquid bulk storage terminal operators (IVS, Vopak, and Protank), terminals operated by oil companies and/or refineries, and 2 others (molasses and oleochemicals) at the port of Durban.
-IVS is increasing its capacity by 20,413 m3 by demolishing 7 old tanks and replacing them with new ones. Vopak is planning on demolishing close to tanks across its 4 sites in Durban to improve capacity and layout efficiency, thereby increasing its capacity by an estimated m3.
-Most of these changes are in favour of petroleum products.

Ngqura
-In 2010/2011, TNPA (Transnet National Ports Authority) initiated a tender process for a liquid bulk storage operator at the port of Ngqura. Oiltanking Grindrod Calulo (Pty) Ltd (OTGC) was identified as the preferred bidder and received a 25-year concession agreement to build, own, operate, and transfer (BOOT) a hectare (ha) terminal in zone of the Coega Industrial Development Zone (IDZ).
-Phase 1 will construct m3 of petroleum product capacity to be used by existing users at the terminal in Port Elizabeth by 2017/2018.
-Phase 2 ( m3) is not expected to house chemicals; according to the TNPA, chemicals will be stored in the chemicals cluster within the Coega IDZ and fall under the CDC (Coega Development Corporation). It will be transported to the port via a pipeline.

Overall
-There is an emphasis on increasing storage capacity for petroleum products. Reasons include the current and forecasted demand for petroleum products and the New Multi-Product Pipeline (NMPP) commissioned by Transnet.
-Chemical storage at the port of Durban is decreasing. Those requiring chemical storage might have to find alternative locations to avoid negative impacts on business viability and downstream industries.

Table Of Contents

Analysis of the South African Liquid Bulk Storage Market at Commercial Ports
Executive Summary
4
Market Overview
7
Port of Richards Bay
15
Port of Durban
21
Port of Ngqura
33
Selected Commercial Ports with Liquid Bulk Storage Facilities
37
Conclusion
42
The Frost and Sullivan Story
46

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