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Turkey - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband

  • October 2015
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 52 pages

Turkey to see mobile broadband speeds increase in 2016
Turkey is home to a strong mobile sector with over 72 billion mobile subscribers in 2015. Mobile broadband services in Turkey have been underpinned by 3G/HSPA infrastructure and have become Turkey’s most popular broadband access method. This high usage of mobile broadband has in turn spurred on the adoption of mobile shopping and payments - and many studies now identify Turkey as one of the fastest m-commerce growth markets in the world.

Mobile subscribers will enjoy the benefits of increased mobile broadband Internet speeds in 2016 when the operators begin to provide services based on IMT-Advanced technology. In August 2015 Turkey conducted its LTE Spectrum Auction and attracted US$4.5 billion in bids. The three incumbent mobile operators, Vodafone, Avea and Turkcell all obtained licenses across the various frequencies.

While tangible 4G progress has been made in Turkey – the country is looking further ahead at the potential of 5G. For example, in 2015 Turkcell signed separate Memorandums of Understanding with both Huawei and Ericsson which will see them explore aspects of 5G development. Turkcell also signed an agreement to develop a 5G technology roadmap with defense systems company Aselsan.

Fixed broadband in Turkey is available via xDSL, cable and fibre networks. Both Turk Telekom and Turkcell’s subsidiary, Superonline, are deploying FttX infrastructure. ADSL is still the most popular fixed broadband platform however, despite stronger growth rates recorded for fibre and cable.

Turk Telekom is the dominant ISP and has maintained this position against an influx of competitors. Turkey’s sizeable Internet user population has fostered an emerging digital economy, encompassing e-commerce, e-government, e-health and e-education services. Digital media services such as online newspapers, video streaming, social media and e-commerce are also popular amongst online users.

Key telecom parameters – 2012; 2015
Sector | 2012 | 2015
Subscribers to telecoms services (million): (e)
Fixed Broadband | 7.7 | 9.2
Fixed-line telephony | 13.9 | 11.5
Mobile phone | 67.7 | 72.7
(Source: BuddeComm based on industry data)


Key developments:
In October 2015 Turksat expanded its broadcasting services and launched both a VoD service as well as 6 new channels using SPI International.

Superonline has passed over 2.2 million homes with its fibre network.

In February 2015, Turk Telekom became a full member of the SEA-ME-WE 5 consortium, signing a Construction and Maintenance Agreement (C&MA) agreement.

In 2015 Turkcell trialled VoLTE in conjunction with Ericsson.

Prepaid users account for a significant portion of all mobile users but are rapidly declining as operators encourage customers take up of postpaid services.

Turkey offers potential for mobile commerce development with around 20% of online spending already being conducted via mobile phone.

In 2015 Turk Telekom, in conjunction with Turkey’s Ministry of Health, launched a project to introduce a Personal Health Record System, also known as E-Nabiz.

Companies covered in this report include:
Turk Telekom, Turkcell, Vodafone, Avea, Turksat, Superonline, GittiGidiyor, Markafoni, Trendyol, Facebook, Spotify.

Table Of Contents

Turkey - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband
1. Key statistics
1.1 Country overview
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Recent developments
2.2 Historical overview
2.3 Market analysis
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Historic overview
3.1.1 Electronic Communications Law 2008
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.2.1 Information and Communications Technologies Authority (ICTA)
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Turkey
3.4 Privatisation
3.4.1 The 2005 privatisation
3.4.2 Privatisation background
3.5 Interconnect
3.6 Access
3.7 Number Portability (NP)
3.8 Universal services
4. Fixed network operators
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Turk Telekom
4.3 Turksat
4.4 Superonline
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
5.2 International infrastructure
5.2.1 Submarine cable networks
5.2.2 Terrestrial cable networks
5.2.3 Satellite networks
6. Broadband market
6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
6.1.1 Market analysis
6.1.2 Broadband statistics
6.1.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.1.4 Cable modems
6.1.5 Fibre-to-the-Cabinet (FttC) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
7. Digital media
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Video streaming and Broadband TV (IPTV)
7.3 Advertising
7.4 Social media
7.4.1 Introduction
7.4.2 Major players
7.5 Communications: VoIP
7.5.1 Introduction
7.6 Music
7.6.1 Introduction
7.7 On line gambling
7.7.1 Introduction
7.8 Newspaper and book publishers
7.8.1 Introduction
8. Digital economy
8.1 Introduction
8.2 e-Commerce
8.3 e-Banking
8.4 e-Government
8.5 e-Health
8.6 e-Education
9. Mobile communications
9.1 Market analysis
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.2.1 Mobile voice
9.2.2 Mobile data
9.2.3 Mobile broadband statistics
9.3 Regulatory issues
9.3.1 Overview ( recent general laws and regulations)
9.3.2 Third Generation (3G) licences
9.3.3 Third and fourth GSM licences
9.3.4 Significant market power (SMP)
9.3.5 MTRs
9.3.6 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.3.7 Telsim privatisation
9.4 Mobile infrastructure
9.4.1 Analogue networks
9.4.2 Digital networks
9.4.3 Other infrastructure developments
9.4.4 IoT and M2M networks
9.5 Major mobile operators
9.5.1 Turkcell
9.5.2 Vodafone (Telsim)
9.5.3 Avea
9.6 Mobile content and applications
9.6.1 m-commerce
9.6.2 m-advertising
9.6.3 m-banking (payments/loans)
9.6.4 m-music
9.6.5 m-TV
Table 1 Country statistics Turkey 2015
Table 2 Telecom net sales and investment statistics Q2 2015
Table 3 Telephone network statistics 2015
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2015
Table 5 Fixed broadband subscriber statistics 2015
Table 6 Mobile statistics 2015
Table 7 National telecommunications authority
Table 8 GDP growth and inflation 2005 - 2015
Table 9 Turk Telekom Revenue, profit, EBITDA and CAPEX 2007 Q2 2015
Table 10 Turk Telekom Fixed-line revenue, EBITDA and PSTN ARPU 2007 - 2014
Table 11 Turk Telekom Fixed ARPU 2011 - 2014
Table 12 Superonline financial data 2009 - 2014
Table 13 Fibre optic cable lengths for Turk Telekom 2011 - 2014
Table 14 Fibre optic cable lengths for Alternative operators 2011 - 2013
Table 15 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1995 - 2015
Table 16 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995 - 2015
Table 17 Internet user and penetration rate 1998 Q2 2015
Table 18 Broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 Q2 2015
Table 19 Broadband subscribers by access technology 2009 Q2 2015
Table 20 ISP market share June 2013; June 2015
Table 21 - Average monthly data usage per Turk Telekom broadband subscriber 2010 mid 2014
Table 22 International Internet Bandwidth 2003 - 2014
Table 23 Turk Telekom Fixed broadband ARPU 2007 - 2014
Table 24 Turk Telekom fibre subscribers 2013; 2014
Table 25 Superonline FttX homes passed and subscribers 2011 - 2014
Table 26 TV audience share by channel January - June 2013
Table 27 Turkey - IPTV subscribers 2011 - 2013
Table 28 - Facebook Stats for Turkey compared to other Middle East countries as at July 2015
Table 29 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 30 Mobile subscribers and penetration 2005 - 2015
Table 31 2G and 3G subscribers 2009 Q2 2015
Table 32 Mobile operators and subscribers 2014
Table 33 Mobile subscribers by operator 2007 - 2014
Table 34 Mobile operators' market share 2007 2014
Table 35 Mobile telecom revenue and investment 2004 - 2013
Table 36 Breakdown of mobile revenue 2008 - 2014
Table 37 Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2000 - 2014
Table 38 Turkcell prepaid subscribers 2001 - 2014
Table 39 Vodafone prepaid subscribers 2006 - 2014
Table 40 Avea prepaid subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 41 Numbers of SMS and MMS sent 2004 Q2 2015
Table 42 Turkcell mobile broadband revenue 2010 - 2014
Table 43 Vodafone data usage 2011 2014
Table 44 Turkcell group financial data 2005 - 2014
Table 45 Turkcell Turkey average monthly ARPU pre and postpaid 2001 - 2014
Table 46 Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and churn 2001 Q2 2015
Table 47 Turkcell smartphone penetration 2012 2014
Table 48 Vodafone Turkey financial data 2008 - 2014
Table 49 Vodafone pre and postpaid ARPU 2006 - 2014
Table 50 Vodafone smartphone penetration 2011 - 2014
Table 51 Avea revenue, EBITDA, and CAPEX 2007 - 2014
Table 52 Avea prepaid, postpaid and blended ARPU and blended MOU 2007 - 2014
Chart 1 Evolution of mobile revenue streams 2008 - 2014

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