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Spain - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

  • November 2014
  • -
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
  • -
  • 130 pages

Strong growth in FttP networks supporting bundled services
The value of Spain's telecom market has contracted since the high of 2007, and it is likely to fall further during the next two years at least as consumers adjust to high unemployment, stagnant GDP growth and a tightening of domestic budgets. Although investment has also suffered, there is considerable activity in the mobile and fibre broadband sectors, which are propping up the sector overall. Spain's market for bundled services has grown alongside considerable investment in faster IP networks, largely based on ADSL2+ and VDSL but increasingly focussed on FttP.

Cable operators as well as Telefonica are at the forefront of the convergence markets, having launched 200Mb/s services to provide multiple-channel IPTV as well as VoD. Pay TV has seen considerable changes in recent years following the merger of Telefonica's Via Digital with Canal Satélite Digital, and the acquisition by Telefonica of Canal Plus, which has given the incumbent considerable market dominance, with about three-quarters of the pay-TV subscriber base.

Spain has one of the largest mobile markets in Europe, with effective competition from four MNOs and a growing number of resellers. This competition, together with regulated roaming and MTRs, has driven down the cost of mobile calls in recent years. The market has seen great changes, including the auction of spectrum in a range of bands for mobile data use. Spectrum in the 800MHz band will become available for operators from January 2015.

The strong growth in the number of fibre broadband connections is beginning to tell on the sector's dynamics, with fibre becoming one of the strongest growth sectors. Although several operators are investing in fibre, Telefonica is by far the dominant player. Operators are continuing to invest in their own networks, as well as networks being built through sharing arrangements.

This report introduces the key aspects of the Spanish telecom market, providing statistics on the fixed-network services sector, and profiling the main players and their strategies to meet an increasingly competitive environment. It assesses the main regulatory issues, noting the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. It also provides statistics and market analyses on the mobile sector, including an assessment of regulatory issues, a profile of the major providers, and an analysis of mobile data services such as SMS, MMS, i-mode, HSPA, LTE and mobile TV. The fixed and wireless broadband markets are reviewed, together with developments in related technologies such as fibre, and broadband powerline.

Key developments:
Telefonica moving to a virtual network for a third of its international infrastructure by 2016; Ono sold to Vodafone for €7.2 billion; government plans release of 700MHz digital dividend spectrum for mobile broadband use; Orange to cover 400 municipalities and about two-thirds of the population with LTE by end-2014; Telefonica contracts Nokia Networks to upgrade and expand its LTE networks; 4G licences in the 800MHz and 2.6GHz band raise €1.65 billion; TeliaSonera cancels sale of Yoigo; Movistar and Vodafone increase FttP services to 200Mb/s; mobile broadband revenue overtakes fixed-line broadband; regulator sets pricing for competitors to access Telefonica's fibre network; Telefonica, Vodafone and Orange agree to share vertical fibre-optic infrastructure; consortium develops FttP network in Extremadura; FttP accounting for a quarter of new broadband additions; regulator's market data updates to August 2014; telcos' operating and financial data to Q3 2014; recent market developments.

Companies and subsidiaries mentioned in this report include:
Orange, Telefonica, Jazztel, ONO, Canal+, Prisa TV, Movistar, Vodafone, Lebara, Lycamobile
Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year

Table Of Contents

Spain - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts
1. Key Statistics
2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Economic background
2.2 Overview of Spain's telecom market
2.3 E-commerce
2.4 Avanza Plan
2.5 General Telecommunications Act
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 History
3.1.1 EU regulatory framework
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.2.1 National Commission on Financial Markets and Competition (CNMC)
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Spain
3.3.1 Privatisation of Telefónica
3.3.2 Interconnect
3.3.3 Access
3.3.4 Number Portability (NP)
3.3.5 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
3.3.6 Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
4. Fixed Network Operators
4.1 Overview of operators
4.2 Telefónica
4.2.1 Company restructure
4.2.2 Telefónica Digital
4.3 Orange
4.4 Vodafone España
4.5 Jazztel
4.6 ONO
4.6.1 Sale to Vodafone
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.2 International infrastructure
5.2.1 Satellite networks
5.2.2 Submarine cable
5.3 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
5.4 Smart Cities
6. Broadband Market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Broadband statistics
6.1.2 Access pricing
6.2 Government initiatives
6.2.1 Universal Broadband
6.2.2 State government
6.2.3 Regional government initiatives
6.3 Cable modems
6.3.1 ONO
6.4 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
6.4.1 Movistar
6.4.2 Other DSL developments
6.4.3 ADSL2+
6.4.4 VDSL
6.5 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6.5.1 Regulatory issues
6.5.2 Fibre market
6.5.3 Movistar
6.5.4 Vodafone Orange joint venture
6.5.5 Other developments
6.6 Wireless broadband
6.6.1 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
6.6.2 WiFi
6.6.3 WiMAX
6.6.4 Internet via satellite
6.6.5 Mobile broadband
6.7 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
7. Digital Media
7.1 Overview
7.1.1 Key general trends
7.1.2 Business models
7.1.3 Regulatory issues
7.2 Digital TV
7.2.1 Pay DTTV
7.2.2 Regulatory environment
7.2.3 TV-over-DSL (IPTV)
7.2.4 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
7.2.5 Personal Video Recorders (PVRs)
7.2.6 Cable TV (CATV)
7.2.7 Satellite TV
7.2.8 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
7.2.9 FTA TV
7.2.10 VoIP
8. Mobile Communications
8.1 Overview of Spain's mobile market
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.2 Regulatory issues
8.2.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
8.2.2 Roaming
8.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
8.2.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
8.3 Mobile technologies
8.3.1 Digital
8.3.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
8.4 Major mobile operators
8.4.1 Movistar
8.4.2 Vodafone
8.4.3 Orange
8.4.4 Yoigo (Xfera Moviles)
8.4.5 MVNOs
8.5 Mobile voice services
8.5.1 Prepaid
8.6 Mobile messaging
8.7 Mobile data services
8.7.1 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
8.7.2 Enhanced data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
8.7.3 Push-to-Talk (PTT)
8.7.4 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
8.7.5 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
8.7.6 Femtocells
8.7.7 Mobile TV
8.8 Mobile content and applications
8.8.1 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
9. Forecasts
9.1 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2008-2013; 2020
9.1.1 Scenario 1 stronger broadband subscriber growth
9.1.2 Scenario 2 lower broadband subscriber growth
9.2 Forecasts mobile ARPU 2005-2011; 2015
Table 1 Country statistics 2014 (e)
Table 2 Telecom revenue and investment statistics 2013
Table 3 Telephone network statistics August 2014
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2014 (e)
Table 5 Broadband statistics 2014 (e)
Table 6 Mobile statistics 2014 (e)
Table 7 National telecommunications authority
Table 8 Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale 2000 - 2014
Table 9 Telecom revenue annual change 2000 - 2013
Table 10 Telecom retail revenue by sector 2005 - 2013
Table 11 Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector 2002 - 2013
Table 12 Telecom investment and annual change 2000 - 2013
Table 13 Proportion of fixed-line and mobile traffic 2000 - 2013
Table 14 E-commerce revenue 2005 - 2015
Table 15 Interconnection revenue 2008 - 2013
Table 16 Access lines by type (regulator data) 2008 - 2013
Table 17 Subscribers by type of access 2006 - 2013
Table 18 NGA lines by platform 2010 - 2013
Table 19 NGA lines by operator 2010 - 2013
Table 20 Fixed number portings 2007 - 2014
Table 21 Carrier PreSelection lines 2006 - 2014
Table 22 Fixed-line market share of revenue by operators 2007 - 2011
Table 23 Fixed-line subscribers, by operator 2008 - 2012
Table 24 Fixed-line (direct line) subscriber market share, by operator 2010 - 2013
Table 25 Fixed-line subscriber market share (Telefónica, cablecos) 2008 - 2013
Table 26 Fixed-line price index 2004 - 2011
Table 27 Household penetration of telephony services, by type 2004 - 2013
Table 28 Household penetration of telecom and broadcasting services, by type 2012 - 2013
Table 29 Fixed-line revenue by sector 2008 - 2013
Table 30 Telefónica Group financial data 2006 - 2014
Table 31 Telefónica de España EBITDA 2007 - 2014
Table 32 Telefónica de España revenue by type 2007 - 2014
Table 33 Telefónica de España fixed-line revenue by sector (historic) 2005 - 2011
Table 34 Telefónica de España wireline line revenue by type 2011 - 2014
Table 35 Telefónica de España access lines by service 2005 - 2014
Table 36 Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain) 2007 - 2014
Table 37 Orange subscribers by sector 2005 - 2014
Table 38 Orange EBITDA, capex 2007 - 2014
Table 39 Orange revenue 2007 - 2013
Table 40 Vodafone financial data (old style) 2008 - 2012
Table 41 Vodafone financial data (new style) 2013 - 2015
Table 42 Jazztel financial data 2008 - 2013
Table 43 Jazztel revenue by sector (old style) 2008 - 2013
Table 44 Jazztel revenue by sector (new style) 2012 - 2014
Table 45 JAZZTEL broadband and mobile subscribers 2008 - 2014
Table 46 ONO financial data by sector 2006 - 2014
Table 47 ONO RGUs by sector 2006 - 2014
Table 48 Fixed lines in service and penetration 2003 - 2015
Table 49 Broadband revenue, DSL and cable 2003 - 2013
Table 50 Total internet market revenue 2006 - 2014
Table 51 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1996 - 2004
Table 52 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 - 2014
Table 53 Dial-up internet subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 54 Total broadband subscribers, DSL, cable, fibre, total 2001 - 2014
Table 55 Fixed-line broadband penetration 2001 - 2014
Table 56 Annual growth of broadband subscriptions by technology 2004 - 2013
Table 57 Number of broadband lines by data speed 2008 2013
Table 58 Proportion of broadband subscribers by sector 2004 - 2013
Table 59 Broadband lines by operator 2009 - 2013
Table 60 Broadband penetration by technology 2004 - 2013
Table 61 Broadband revenue by technology 2008 - 2013
Table 62 Cable (DOCSIS3.0) lines 2011 - 2013
Table 63 Cable subscribers by operator 2007 - 2013
Table 64 ONO financial data by sector 2006 - 2014
Table 65 ONO RGUs by sector 2006 - 2014
Table 66 DSL subscribers by operator 2009 - 2013
Table 67 Movistar naked DSL subscribers 2009 - 2014
Table 68 Average traffic per DSL connection 2011 - 2013
Table 69 Movistar internet subscribers (Spain) 2006 - 2014
Table 70 Movistar internet revenue by sector (Spain, historic) 2007 - 2011
Table 71 Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain) 2007 - 2014
Table 72 JAZZTEL broadband and mobile subscribers 2008 - 2014
Table 73 FttP lines by operator 2013 - 2014
Table 74 FttP subscribers, consumers and business 2009 - 2014
Table 75 FttP subscribers by operator (regulator data) 2009 - 2013
Table 76 FttX lines installed 2009 - 2013
Table 77 Movistar fibre broadband subscribers 2012 - 2014
Table 78 WiFi/WiMAX subscribers 2007 - 2013
Table 79 WiFi hotspots in service 2003 - 2012
Table 80 Mobile broadband subscribers by operator 2010 - 2013
Table 81 Mobile broadband revenue and annual change 2003 - 2013
Table 82 Cost of mobile broadband services 2011 - 2012
Table 83 Audiovisual revenue by service 2007 2014
Table 84 Bundled services subscribers by package 2012 - 2013
Table 85 Proportion of bundled services by package 2012 - 2013
Table 86 VoIP lines in service 2009 - 2014
Table 87 TV revenue by technology 2002 - 2014
Table 88 Proportion of households with DTTV 2003 - 2014
Table 89 Pay TV market subscribers by technology 2002 - 2014
Table 90 Proportion of pay-TV subscribers by technology 2005 - 2014
Table 91 Forecast TV market subscribers by technology 2014; 2019; 2023
Table 92 Digital TV revenue by operator 2007 - 2014
Table 93 Pay TV subscribers by operator 2010 - 2014
Table 94 Pay TV subscriber market share by operator 2010 - 2014
Table 95 IPTV revenue 2005 - 2014
Table 96 IPTV subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 97 Telefónica pay-TV subscribers 2008 - 2014
Table 98 Orange IPTV subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 99 Cable TV subscribers 1999 - 2014
Table 100 Cable TV revenue 2004 - 2014
Table 101 ONO financial data by sector 2006 - 2014
Table 102 ONO cable TV RGUs 2006 - 2014
Table 103 Satellite TV subscribers 1997 - 2014
Table 104 Satellite broadcasting revenue 2004 - 2014
Table 105 Canal+ ARPU 2006 - 2012
Table 106 Prisa TV financial data 2006 - 2013
Table 107 Sogecable Cuatro financial data (historic) 2006 - 2009
Table 108 Prisa Group financial data 2008 - 2014
Table 109 Prisa DTH subscribers 2002 - 2014
Table 110 DTTV subscribers 2009 - 2014
Table 111 Mobile retail market revenue and annual change 2000 - 2014
Table 112 Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes 2000 - 2014
Table 113 Mobile market revenue by sector 2006 - 2013
Table 114 Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors 2000 - 2013
Table 115 Average mobile market revenue per connection (contract, prepaid) 2008 - 2013
Table 116 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1997; 1999 - 2004
Table 117 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2015
Table 118 Mobile price index 2009 - 2012
Table 119 Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators 2001 - 2013
Table 120 Mobile subscribers by technology platform 2001 - 2011
Table 121 Base stations in service, by technology 2001 - 2013
Table 122 Subscriber market share by operator 2004 - 2014
Table 123 European roaming charges 2007 - 2014
Table 124 European retail voice and data roaming charges 2012 - 2014
Table 125 European wholesale voice and data roaming charges 2012 - 2014
Table 126 Annual number portings 2002 - 2014
Table 127 Mobile termination rates by operator 2007 - 2013
Table 128 Mobile interconnection revenue 2003 - 2013
Table 129 Orange UMTS subscribers (historic) 2007 - 2012
Table 130 Movistar mobile subscribers 2005 - 2014
Table 131 Movistar ARPU 2005 - 2014
Table 132 Movistar mobile financial data 2006 - 2014
Table 133 Vodafone revenue by type (old style) 2007 - 2013
Table 134 Vodafone revenue by type (new style) 2013 - 2014
Table 135 Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid 2006 - 2014
Table 136 Vodafone mobile traffic statistics 2006 - 2014
Table 137 Vodafone ARPU 2006 - 2014
Table 138 Vodafone Spain customer churn 2007 - 2014
Table 139 Vodafone mobile customer retention cost 2007 - 2014
Table 140 Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract 2005 - 2014
Table 141 Orange mobile service revenue 2006 - 2014
Table 142 Orange ARPU by sector (annual rolling) 2005 - 2014
Table 143 Orange ARPU by sector (per month) 2012 - 2014
Table 144 Orange mobile customer acquisition costs 2007 - 2014
Table 145 Orange customer churn 2007 - 2014
Table 146 Yoigo subscribers 2007 - 2014
Table 147 Yoigo financial data 2008 - 2014
Table 148 Yoigo mobile service revenue 2012 - 2014
Table 149 MVNO subscriber market share 2007 - 2014
Table 150 Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract 2006 - 2014
Table 151 SMS revenue and messages sent 2006 - 2013
Table 152 Premium SMS revenue and messages sent 2005 - 2010
Table 153 MMS revenue and messages sent 2004 - 2013
Table 154 Mobile broadband revenue 2003 - 2013
Table 155 Mobile datacards per UMTS and HSPA 2006 - 2014
Table 156 Mobile data traffic 2012 - 2013
Table 157 Mobile TV subscribers by operator 2008 - 2014
Table 158 Mobile TV revenue 2007 2014
Table 159 M2M lines 2004 - 2014
Table 160 Forecast broadband subscribers higher market growth scenario 2013; 2015; 2020
Table 161 Forecast broadband subscribers lower market growth scenario 2013; 2015; 2020
Table 162 Forecast mobile monthly ARPU 2005 - 2011; 2015
Chart 1 Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale 2000 - 2014
Chart 2 Telecom retail revenue by sector 2005 - 2013
Chart 3 Telefónica Group financial data 2006 - 2014
Chart 4 Telefónica de España revenue by type 2007 - 2014
Chart 5 Telefónica de España access by service 2005 2014
Chart 6 Telefónica de España wholesale access by type 2005 2014
Chart 7 Orange subscribers by sector 2005 - 2014
Chart 8 Vodafone financial data (old style) 2009 - 2012
Chart 9 Jazztel revenue by sector (new style) 2012 - 2014
Chart 10 JAZZTEL broadband and mobile subscribers 2008 - 2014
Chart 11 ONO financial data by sector 2006 2014
Chart 12 ONO residential RGUs by sector 2006 - 2014
Chart 13 Fixed lines in service and penetration 2003 2015
Chart 14 Broadband revenue, DSL and cable 2003 - 2013
Chart 15 Total broadband subscribers, DSL, cable, total 2001 - 2014
Chart 16 Number of broadband lines by data speed 2008 2013
Chart 17 Proportion of broadband subscribers by sector 2004 - 2013
Chart 18 Cable subscribers by operator 2007 - 2013
Chart 19 ONO financial data by sector 2006 2014
Chart 20 ONO residential subscribers by sector 2006 - 2014
Chart 21 Movistar internet subscribers (Spain) 2006 - 2014
Chart 22 Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain) 2007 - 2014
Chart 23 JAZZTEL broadband and mobile subscribers 2008 - 2014
Chart 24 Audiovisual revenue by service 2007 - 2014
Chart 25 TV revenue by technology 2002 2014
Chart 26 ONO financial data by sector 2006 2014
Chart 27 Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes 2000 - 2014
Chart 28 Mobile market revenue by sector 2006 - 2013
Chart 29 Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors 2000 - 2013
Chart 30 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2004 - 2015
Chart 31 Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators 2001 - 2013
Chart 32 Subscriber market share by operator 2004 2014
Chart 33 Movistar mobile subscribers 2005 - 2014
Chart 34 Movistar ARPU 2005 - 2014
Chart 35 Vodafone revenue by type (old style) 2007 - 2013
Chart 36 Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid 2006 - 2014
Chart 37 Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract 2005 - 2014
Chart 38 Orange ARPU by sector (annual rolling) 2005 - 2014
Chart 39 Yoigo subscribers 2007 - 2014
Chart 40 Yoigo financial data 2008 - 2014
Chart 41 Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract 2006 - 2014
Chart 42 Mobile datacards per UMTS and HSPA 2006 - 2014
Chart 43 Mobile TV subscribers by operator 2008 - 2014
Exhibit 1 EU The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
Exhibit 2 Access and the local loop
Exhibit 3 Narrowband and broadband wireless licensees 2000
Exhibit 4 Overview of digital media
Exhibit 5 3G licence results in Spain March 2000
Exhibit 6 Overview of spectrum allocations 2011
Exhibit 7 Overview of MVNOs

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