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World Polyethylene Market

  • November 2014
  • -
  • Freedonia
  • -
  • 495 pages

World demand to rise 4% annually through 2018

Global demand for polyethylene resins -- high density polyethylene (HDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE), and linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) -- will rise 4.0 percent per year to 98.9 million metric tons in 2018. Gains will be in line with overall world economic growth, fueled by an acceleration in consumer spending and manufacturing activity. Polyethylene will continue to be the most widely used plastic resin in the world, benefiting from its versatility, low cost, easy processability, and recyclability. The development of ethylene feedstocks from new sources such as shale gas, coal, and biobased materials will also give polyethylene a price or sustainability advantage relative to other plastic resins. Additionally, continually improving polymerization catalyst technologies will enhance the performance, customization, and yield of polyethylene resins.

Asia/Pacific region to remain largest & fastest growing market

The Asia/Pacific region will continue to be the largest and fastest growing polyethylene market through 2018, fueled by strong growth in China, which alone accounted for nearly one-fourth of global demand in 2013. However, gains in Asia will rise at a slower pace than during the 2008-2013 period in most of the region (Japan is a notable exception). On the other hand, North America will exhibit a significant improvement in polyethylene demand, while the market in Western Europe will rebound from recent declines. HDPE is the largest of the three polyethylene resin types, accounting for just under half of total demand in 2013. Above-average growth is expected for HDPE through 2018, driven by the rising use of HDPE in construction products such as pipes and increasing popularity of blow-molded HDPE containers in emerging market countries. LLDPE will continue to gain market share over LDPE going forward, as LLDPE is the primary beneficiary of metallocene catalyst technology which improves resin performance. Packaging will remain the largest outlet for polyethylene, accounting for a majority of demand in 2018. The resin’s favorable sealing, stiffness, moisture barrier and clarity properties make it an indispensable material in the packaging industry. Film accounts for about half of worldwide polyethylene demand, and tends to compose a particularly large portion of the market in developing countries.

North America to see resurgence in production

From 2003 to 2013, global polyethylene production capacity shifted away from North America and Western Europe to the Africa/Mideast and Asia/Pacific regions, where energy and feedstock costs were lowest and demand was growing the fastest. Through 2018, however, the North American polyethylene industry will make a resurgence, benefiting from the availability of shale gas resources, which dramatically lower the cost of polyethylene production. Following a decade of decline, North America is expected to add more than nine million metric tons of polyethylene capacity through 2023. Capacity growth will continue to advance in the Asia/Pacific and Africa/Mideast regions as well, albeit at a reduced pace. Despite capacity expansions, the global average polyethylene operating rate is forecast to rise from 85 percent in 2013 to 88 percent in 2018, due in part to the closure of idled and less efficient plants in Europe and Japan.

Study coverage

This upcoming industry study, World Polyethylene, presents historical demand, production and operating rate data for 2003, 2008 and 2013, plus forecasts for 2018 and 2023 by product, market, process, world region, and for 30 countries. The study also considers key market environment factors, examines the industry structure, evaluates company market share and profiles industry players.

Table Of Contents

World Polyethylene Market
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION xiv
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1
II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT 4
General 4
World Economic Overview 6
Recent Historical Trends 6
World Economic Outlook 7
World Population Outlook 10
World Manufacturing Outlook 12
World Consumer Spending Outlook 15
World Packaging Outlook 18
Technology 21
Product Characteristics 22
Synthesis and Catalyst Technology 23
Environmental and Regulatory Considerations 28
Recycling and Waste Disposal 29
Plastic Bag Restrictions 32
Biobased Resins 34
Pricing Overview 36
III. POLYETHYLENE DEMAND OVERVIEW 39
General 39
Demand by Region 40
Demand by Product 43
High Density Polyethylene 45
Linear Low Density Polyethylene 48
Low Density Polyethylene 50
Demand by Market 53
Packaging 55
Consumer Goods 57
Construction 59
Other Markets 60
Demand by Process 63
IV. POLYETHYLENE PRODUCTION OVERVIEW 67
General 67
Ethylene Production Overview 67
Feedstock and Cost Dynamics 68
Regional Outlook 71
Polyethylene Capacity Overview 75
Capacity by Region 76
Capacity by Product 79
Polyethylene Capacity Expansion Activity 81
North America 81
Europe 83
Asia/Pacific 85
Central and South America 88
Africa/Mideast 89
Polyethylene Production 91
Polyethylene Trade Flows 94
V. NORTH AMERICA 97
Economic Overview 97
Polyethylene Production and Trade 98
Polyethylene Capacity 101
Polyethylene Demand 102
United States 105
Canada 113
Mexico 120
VI. WESTERN EUROPE 128
Economic Overview 128
Polyethylene Production and Trade 129
Polyethylene Capacity 132
Polyethylene Demand 133
Germany 136
Italy 142
France 148
United Kingdom 155
Spain 161
Netherlands 168
Belgium 174
Other Western Europe 180
VII. ASIA/PACIFIC 188
Economic Overview 188
Polyethylene Production and Trade 189
Polyethylene Capacity 192
Polyethylene Demand 193
China 196
India 204
Japan 212
South Korea 221
Thailand 228
Indonesia 235
Malaysia 241
Vietnam 247
Taiwan 252
Australia 259
Other Asia/Pacific 264
VIII. OTHER REGIONS 273
Central and South America 273
Brazil 281
Argentina 288
Other Central and South America 293
Eastern Europe 300
Russia 308
Poland 315
Other Eastern Europe 320
Africa/Mideast 327
Turkey 336
Iran 341
Saudi Arabia 348
Other Africa/Mideast 356
IX. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 366
General 366
Market Share 369
Marketing and Competitive Strategies 373
Distribution 374
Cooperative Agreements 375
Joint Ventures 375
Other Cooperative Agreements 381
Company Profiles 385
Abu Dhabi Polymers Company Limited 386
Al-Jubail Petrochemical, see Exxon Mobil and Saudi
Basic Industries
Arya Sasol Polymer, see National Petrochemical
Basell Orlen Polyolefins Spzoo, see LyondellBasell
Industries and Polski Koncern Naftowy Orlen
Borealis AG 388
Borouge, see Abu Dhabi Polymers
Braskem SA 392
Chemtech, see Siam Cement Public
Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC 396
China National Petroleum Corporation 400
China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation 402
Dow Chemical Company 406
DuPont (EI) de Nemours 412
Eni SpA 415
EQUATE Petrochemicals KSC, see Dow Chemical
Equistar Chemicals, see LyondellBasell Industries
EssoF, see Exxon Mobil
Exxon Mobil Corporation 417
Formosa Plastics Group 422
Fujian Petrochemical, see China Petroleum and Chemical
Fujian Refining and Petrochemical, see Exxon Mobil
Haldia Petrochemicals Limited 424
Hanwha Group 426
Imperial Oil, see Exxon Mobil
INEOS Group AG 428
International Polymers, see Hanwha Group
Japan Polyethylene, see Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings
LG Chem Limited 432
Lotte Chemical Corporation 434
LyondellBasell Industries NV 436
Mehr Petrochemical, see National Petrochemical and
Siam Cement
Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corporation 441
Mitsui Chemicals Incorporated 443
MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas plc 446
National Petrochemical Company 448
NOVA Chemicals Corporation 450
PEMEX, see Petróleos Mexicanos
Petkim PetroKimya Holding A? 454
Petlin Malaysia Sdn, see Petroliam Nasional Berhad and
Saudi Basic Industries
PetroChina, see China National Petroleum
Petróleos Mexicanos SA 455
Petroliam Nasional Berhad 457
Polski Koncern Naftowy Orlen SA 458
Polyolefin Singapore, see Sumitomo Chemical
Prime Polymer, see Mitsui Chemicals
PT Chandra Asri Petrochemical Tbk, see Siam Cement
PTT Global Chemical Public Company Limited 461
Qatar Chemical, see Chevron Phillips Chemical and Qatar
Petroleum
Qatar Chemical II, see Chevron Phillips Chemical and
Qatar Petroleum
Qatar Petrochemical QSC, see Total and Qatar Petroleum
Qatar Petroleum 463
Qatofin, see Total and Qatar Petroleum
Qenos Pty Limited 466
Rabigh Refining and Petrochemical, see Sumitomo
Chemical
Reliance Industries Limited 467
Repsol SA 469
SABIC, see Saudi Basic Industries
Saudi Basic Industries Corporation 471
Saudi Ethylene and Polyethylene, see LyondellBasell
Industries
Saudi Kayan Petrochemical, see Saudi Basic Industries
Saudi Polymers, see Chevron Phillips Chemical
Saudi Yanbu Petrochemical, see Exxon Mobil and Saudi
Basic Industries
Shanghai Golden Phillips Petrochemical, see Chevron
Phillips Chemical and China Petroleum and Chemical
Shanghai SECCO Petrochemical, see China Petroleum and
Chemical
Siam Cement Public Company Limited 476
Siam Polyethylene, see Dow Chemical and Siam Cement
Sinopec, see China Petroleum and Chemical
Slovnaft as, see MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas
Sumitomo Chemical Company Limited 479
Tiszai Vegyi Kombinát NyRT, see MOL Hungarian Oil
and Gas
Total SA 481
Unipetrol RPA, see Polski Koncern Naftowy Orlen
Univation Technologies, see Dow Chemical and Exxon
Mobil
Versalis, see Eni
Yanbu National Petrochemical, see Saudi Basic Industries
Yeochun NCC, see Hanwha Group
Westlake Chemical Corporation 484
Other Companies Mentioned in Study 486


LIST OF TABLES

SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Summary Table 3
SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 World Gross Domestic Product by Region 10
2 World Population by Region 12
3 World Manufacturing Value Added by Region 14
4 World Personal Consumption Expenditures by Region 17
5 World Packaging Demand 21
6 Major Polyethylene Process Technologies by Company 27
7 Polyethylene Pricing Trends 38
SECTION III -- POLYETHYLENE DEMAND OVERVIEW
1 World Polyethylene Demand by Region 42
2 World Polyethylene Demand by Product 45
3 World High Density Polyethylene Demand by Region 47
4 World Linear Low Density Polyethylene Demand by Region 50
5 World Low Density Polyethylene Demand by Region 52
6 World Polyethylene Demand by Market 54
7 World Packaging Demand by Polyethylene by Region 56
8 World Consumer Goods Demand for Polyethylene by Region 58
9 World Construction Materials Demand for Polyethylene
by Region 60
10 World Other Markets for Polyethylene by Region 62
11 World Polyethylene Demand by Process 65
SECTION IV -- POLYETHYLENE PRODUCTION
OVERVIEW
1 World Ethylene Production by Region 74
2 World Polyethylene Capacity by Region 78
3 World Polyethylene Capacity by Product 81
4 North America: Planned Polyethylene Capacity Expansions,
2014-2018 83
5 Europe: Planned Polyethylene Capacity Expansions,
2014-2018 85
6 Asia/Pacific: Planned Polyethylene Capacity Expansions,
2014-2018 87
7 Central and South America: Planned Polyethylene Capacity
Expansions, 2014-2018 89
8 Africa/Mideast: Planned Polyethylene Capacity Expansions,
2014-2018 91
9 World Polyethylene Production by Region 93
10 World Polyethylene Net Exports by Region 96
SECTION V -- NORTH AMERICA
1 North America: Polyethylene Production, Utilization,
and Trade 100
2 North America: Polyethylene Capacity by Country
and Product 102
3 North America: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 104
4 United States: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 108
5 United States: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 111
6 United States: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 113
7 Canada: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 116
8 Canada: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 118
9 Canada: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 120
10 Mexico: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 124
11 Mexico: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 127
SECTION VI -- WESTERN EUROPE
1 Western Europe: Polyethylene Production, Utilization,
and Trade 131
2 Western Europe: Polyethylene Capacity by Country
and Product 133
3 Western Europe: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 135
4 Germany: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 138
5 Germany: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 140
6 Germany: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 142
7 Italy: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 145
8 Italy: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 146
9 Italy: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 148
10 France: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 151
11 France: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 153
12 France: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 155
13 United Kingdom: Polyethylene Production, Utilization,
and Trade 158
14 United Kingdom: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 159
15 United Kingdom: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 161
16 Spain: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 164
17 Spain: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 166
18 Spain: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 168
19 Netherlands: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 171
20 Netherlands: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 172
21 Netherlands: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 174
22 Belgium: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 177
23 Belgium: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 178
24 Belgium: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 180
25 Other Western Europe: Polyethylene Production, Utilization,
and Trade 183
26 Other Western Europe: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End
2013 185
27 Other Western Europe: Polyethylene Demand by Resin,
Market, and Process 187
SECTION VII -- ASIA/PACIFIC
1 Asia/Pacific: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 191
2 Asia/Pacific: Polyethylene Capacity by Country and Product 193
3 Asia/Pacific: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 195
4 China: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 199
5 China: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 201
6 China: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 204
7 India: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 208
8 India: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 210
9 India: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 212
10 Japan: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 216
11 Japan: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 218
12 Japan: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 220
13 South Korea: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 224
14 South Korea: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 226
15 South Korea: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 228
16 Thailand: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 231
17 Thailand: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 233
18 Thailand: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 234
19 Indonesia: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 238
20 Indonesia: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 239
21 Indonesia: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 241
22 Malaysia: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 244
23 Malaysia: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 245
24 Malaysia: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 247
25 Vietnam: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 250
26 Vietnam: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 252
27 Taiwan: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 256
28 Taiwan: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 257
29 Taiwan: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 259
30 Australia: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 262
31 Australia: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 264
32 Other Asia/Pacific: Polyethylene Production, Utilization,
and Trade 268
33 Other Asia/Pacific: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 270
34 Other Asia/Pacific: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 272
SECTION VIII -- OTHER REGIONS
1 Central and South America: Polyethylene Production,
Utilization, and Trade 276
2 Central and South America: Polyethylene Capacity
by Country and Product 278
3 Central and South America: Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 280
4 Brazil: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 284
5 Brazil: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 286
6 Brazil: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 288
7 Argentina: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 291
8 Argentina: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 293
9 Other Central and South America: Polyethylene Production,
Utilization, and Trade 296
10 Other Central and South America: Polyethylene Capacity,
Year-End 2013 298
11 Other Central and South America: Polyethylene Demand
by Resin, Market, and Process 300
12 Eastern Europe: Polyethylene Production, Utilization,
and Trade 303
13 Eastern Europe: Polyethylene Capacity by Country
and Product 305
14 Eastern Europe: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 307
15 Russia: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 311
16 Russia: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 313
17 Russia: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 315
18 Poland: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 318
19 Poland: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 320
20 Other Eastern Europe: Polyethylene Production, Utilization,
and Trade 323
21 Other Eastern Europe: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 325
22 Other Eastern Europe: Polyethylene Demand by Resin,
Market, and Process 327
23 Africa/Mideast: Polyethylene Production, Utilization,
and Trade 331
24 Africa/Mideast: Polyethylene Capacity by Country
and Product 333
25 Africa/Mideast: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 335
26 Turkey: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 338
27 Turkey: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 340
28 Iran: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 344
29 Iran: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 346
30 Iran: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market, and Process 348
31 Saudi Arabia: Polyethylene Production, Utilization, and Trade 352
32 Saudi Arabia: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 354
33 Saudi Arabia: Polyethylene Demand by Resin, Market,
and Process 356
34 Other Africa/Mideast: Polyethylene Production, Utilization,
and Trade 360
35 Other Africa/Mideast: Polyethylene Capacity, Year-End 2013 363
36 Other Africa/Mideast: Polyethylene Demand by Resin,
Market, and Process 365
SECTION IX -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 World Polyethylene Sales by Company, 2013 368
2 Selected Joint Ventures in the Polyethylene Industry 377
3 Other Selected Cooperative Agreements 383


LIST OF CHARTS

SECTION III -- POLYETHYLENE DEMAND OVERVIEW
1 World Polyethylene Demand by Region, 2013 43
2 World Polyethylene Demand by Market, 2013 54
3 World Polyethylene Demand by Process, 2013 66
SECTION IV -- POLYETHYLENE PRODUCTION
OVERVIEW
1 Regional Ethylene Production by Feedstock, 2013 69
2 Average Ethylene Production Cost by Region, 2003 and 2013 71
3 World Ethylene Production by Region, 2013 75
4 World Polyethylene Capacity Increase by Region, 2013-2023 79
5 World Polyethylene Production by Region, 2003-2023 94
SECTION IX -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 World Polyethylene Market Share by Company, 2013 369

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